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The Open Content Alliance
Open Content Alliance
(OCA) was a consortium of organizations contributing to a permanent, publicly accessible archive of digitized texts. Its creation was announced in October 2005 by Yahoo!, the Internet Archive, the University of California, the University of Toronto and others.[1] Scanning for the Open Content Alliance
Open Content Alliance
was administered by the Internet Archive, which also provided permanent storage and access through its website. The OCA was, in part, a response to Google Book Search, which was announced in October 2004. OCA's approach to seeking permission from copyright holders differed significantly from that of Google Book Search. OCA digitized copyrighted works only after asking and receiving permission from the copyright holder ("opt-in"). By contrast, Google Book Search
Google Book Search
digitized copyrighted works unless explicitly told not to do so ("opt-out"), and contends that digitizing for the purposes of indexing is fair use. Microsoft
Microsoft
had a special relationship with the Open Content Alliance until May 2008. Microsoft
Microsoft
joined the Open Content Alliance
Open Content Alliance
in October 2005 as part of its Live Book Search project.[2] However, in May 2008 Microsoft
Microsoft
announced it would be ending the Live Book Search project and no longer funding the scanning of books through the Internet Archive.[3] Microsoft
Microsoft
removed any contractual restrictions on the content they had scanned and they relinquished the scanning equipment to their digitization partners and libraries to continue digitization programs.[3] Between about 2006 and 2008 Microsoft
Microsoft
sponsored the scanning of over 750,000 books, 300,000 of which are now part of the Internet Archive's on-line collections.

Contents

1 Opposition to Google Book Settlement 2 Contributors 3 See also 4 References 5 Further reading 6 External links

Opposition to Google Book Settlement[edit] Brewster Kahle, a founder of the Open Content Alliance, actively opposed the proposed Google Book Settlement until its defeat in March 2011. Contributors[edit] The following are contributors to the OCA:

Adobe Systems Incorporated Boston Library Consortium Boston Public Library The Bancroft Library The British Library Columbia University Libraries Emory University Library European Archive Getty Research Institute HP Labs Indiana University Libraries Internet Archive Johns Hopkins University Libraries McMaster University Memorial University of Newfoundland Missouri Botanical Garden

MSN The National Archives National Writers Union[4] Natural History Museum, London National Library of Australia O'Reilly Media Perseus Project Prelinger Library
Prelinger Library
and Prelinger Archives Research Libraries Group Rice University Libraries San Francisco Public Library Simon Fraser University Library Smithsonian Institution Libraries Universidad Francisco Marroquín, Guatemala University of Alberta Libraries University of British Columbia Library

University of California
University of California
Libraries University of Chicago University of Georgia University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill University of Ottawa University of Pittsburgh University of Texas University of Toronto University of Virginia Library Washington University William and Flora Hewlett Foundation Xerox Corporation Yahoo! York University Library

Biodiversity Heritage Library, a cooperative project of:

American Museum of Natural History Harvard University Botany Libraries Harvard University, Ernst Mayr Library of the Museum of Comparative Zoology Missouri Botanical Garden Natural History Museum, London The New York Botanical Garden Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Smithsonian Institution Libraries

See also[edit]

Digital library Google Book Search Internet Archive List of digital library projects Project Gutenberg Universal library Open catalogue

References[edit]

^ Katie Hafner (October 3, 2005). "Open Content Alliance". The New York Times. Retrieved 2013-10-23.  ^ Katie Hafner (2005-10-26). " Microsoft
Microsoft
to Offer Online Book-Content Searches". The New York Times. Retrieved 2013-10-23.  ^ a b "Book search winding down", Live Search Blog. Official announcement from Microsoft. Last accessed May 23, 2008. ^ " National Writers Union
National Writers Union
Joins Open Book Alliance". Nwuboston.org. 2009-09-04. Archived from the original on 2009-09-07. Retrieved 2013-10-23. 

Further reading[edit]

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News Articles

Scan This Book! (May 14, 2006 New York Times) Microsoft
Microsoft
To Join Book-Search Alliance (October 26, 2005 International Herald Tribune] In Challenge to Google, Yahoo Will Scan Books (October 3, 2005 New York Times article) Building the Universal Library (May 18, 2006 Search Engine Watch) Google's Moon Shot: The quest for the universal library February 5, 2007 article in The New Yorker

Blog Posts

The Universal Library and Other Book Digitization Projects (Search Engine Watch) Yahoo Search announcing Open Content Alliance

External links[edit]

"Opencontentalliance.org". Archived from the original on November 13, 2016.  (official website) Video from Open Content Alliance
Open Content Alliance
Launch, Oct 2005

v t e

Internet Archive

Universal access to all knowledge

Projects

Wayback Machine PetaBox Open Library NASA Images Open Content Alliance Archive-It SFlan

Partners & Collaborators

Bibliotheca Alexandrina Library of Congress American Libraries Canadian Libraries Biodiversity Heritage Library Sloan Foundation

Collections

Lists of Internet Archive's collections

Image

NASA Images USGS Maps

Texts

American Libraries Canadian Libraries Children's Library RECAP US Federal Court Documents Microfilm US Government Documents Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Collected texts of Simon Schwartzman

Audio

Live Music Archive LibriVox

Video

NASA Images FedFlix Democracy Now! Marion Stokes

The Internet Archive
Internet Archive
Software Collection Open Educational Resources

People

Brewster Kahle David Rumsey Rick Prelinger Jason Scott

Software

Heritrix

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 133904598 LCCN:

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