Ontario government
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The Government of Ontario (french: Gouvernement de l'Ontario), formally ''Her Majesty's Government of Ontario'', is the body responsible for the administration of the Provinces and territories of Canada, Canadian province of Ontario. A constitutional monarchy, the Crown—represented in the province by the Lieutenant Governor of Ontario, lieutenant governor—is the Corporation sole#The%20Crown, corporation sole, assuming distinct roles: the Executive branch, executive, as the Queen in Council, ''Crown-in-Council''; the legislature, as the ''Crown-in-Parliament''; and the Court, courts, as the ''Crown-on-the-Bench''. The functions of the government are exercised on behalf of three institutions—the Executive Council of Ontario, Executive Council; the Provincial Parliament (Legislative Assembly); and the Judiciary of Canada, judiciary, respectively. Its powers and structure are partly set out in the ''Constitution Act, 1867''. The term ''Government of Ontario'' refers specifically to the executive—political Minister of the Crown, ministers of the Crown (the Cabinet/Executive Council), appointed on the Advice (constitutional), advice of the premier, and the Nonpartisanism, non-partisan Ontario Civil service, Public Service (whom the Executive Council directs), who staff ministries and agencies to deliver government policies, programs, and services—which Federal Identity Program, corporately brands itself as the ''Government of Ontario'', or more formally, ''Her Majesty's Government of Ontario'' (french: Gouvernement de l’Ontario de Sa Majesté). Owing to the location of the Ontario Legislative Building on the grounds of Queen's Park (Toronto), Queen's Park, the Ontario government is frequently referred to by the metonymy, metonym "Queen's Park".


The Crown

, as monarch of Canada is also the Queen of Ontario. As a Commonwealth realm, the Canadian monarch is Personal union, shared with 14 other independent countries within the Commonwealth of Nations. Within Canada, the monarch exercises power individually on behalf of the Government of Canada, federal government, and the 10 provinces.


Lieutenant Governor

The powers of the Crown are vested in the monarch and are exercised by the lieutenant governor. The Advice (constitutional), advice of the premier and Executive Council is typically binding; the ''Constitution Act, 1867'' requires executive power to be exercised only "by and with the Advice of the Executive Council".


Powers and function

The lieutenant governor is appointed by the Governor General of Canada, governor general, on the advice of the Prime Minister of Canada, prime minister of Canada. Thus, it is typically the lieutenant governor whom the premier and ministers advise, exercising much of the royal prerogative and granting royal assent. While the advice of the premier and Executive Council is typically binding on the lieutenant governor, there are occasions when the lieutenant governor has refused advice. This usually occurs if the premier does not clearly command the confidence of the elected Legislative Assembly. Federally, a notable instance occurred in 1926, known as the King–Byng affair, King-Byng Affair, when Governor General Julian Byng, 1st Viscount Byng of Vimy, Lord Byng of Vimy refused Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King, Mackenzie King's request to dissolve the federal Parliament of Canada, Parliament to call for a general election. More recently, on a provincial level in 2017 following the 2017 British Columbia general election, provincial election in British Columbia, Premier Christy Clark met with Lieutenant Governor Judith Guichon and advised dissolution of the Legislature. Guichon declined the Clark's request. Clark then offered her resignation as Premier, and the leader of the Official Opposition, John Horgan, who was able to Confidence and supply, command the confidence of the elected Legislature, was invited to form government.


Executive power

The executive power is vested in the Crown and exercised "in-Council", meaning on the advice of the Executive Council; conventionally, this is the Cabinet, which is chaired by the premier and comprises Minister of the Crown, ministers of the Crown. The term ''Government of Ontario'', or more formally, ''Her Majesty's Government (term), Majesty's Government'' refers to the activities of the ''Lieutenant Governor-in-Council''. The day-to-day operation and activities of the Government of Ontario are performed by the provincial departments and agencies, staffed by the Nonpartisanism, non-partisan Ontario Public Service and directed by the elected government.


Premier

The premier of Ontario is the First minister, first minister of the Crown. The premier acts as the head of government for the province, chairs and selects the membership of the Executive Council of Ontario, Cabinet, and Advice (constitutional), advises the Crown on the exercise of Executive (government), executive power and much of the Royal prerogative#Canada, royal prerogative. As premiers hold office by virtue of their ability to Confidence and supply, command the confidence of the elected Legislative Assembly of Ontario, Legislative Assembly, they typically sit as a MPP and lead the largest party or a Coalition government, coalition in the Assembly. Once sworn in, the premier holds office until their resignation or removal by the lieutenant governor after either a motion of no confidence or defeat in a Elections in Canada, general election. In Canada, the Cabinet () of provincial and territorial governments are known as an Executive Council (). The premier of Ontario is Doug Ford Jr., Doug Ford of the Ontario Progressive Conservative Party, Progressive Conservatives since the 2018 Ontario general election, 2018 election; the List of premiers of Ontario, 26th since Canadian Confederation, Confederation.


Ministries

* Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (Ontario), Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs * Ministry of the Attorney General * Ministry of Children, Community and Social Services * Ministry of Colleges and Universities * Ministry of Economic Development, Job Creation and Trade * Ministry of Education (Ontario), Ministry of Education * Ministry of Energy, Northern Development and Mines, Ministry of Energy, Northern Development, and Mines * Ministry of the Environment, Conservation and Parks * Ministry of Finance (Ontario), Ministry of Finance * Ministry of Francophone Affairs * Ministry of Government and Consumer Services (Ontario), Ministry of Government and Consumer Services * Ministry of Health (Ontario), Ministry of Health * Ministry of Heritage, Sport, Tourism and Culture Industries (Ontario), Ministry of Heritage, Sports, Tourism and Culture Industries * Ministry of Indigenous Affairs * Ministry of Infrastructure (Ontario), Ministry of Infrastructure * Ministry of Intergovernmental Affairs (Ontario), Ministry of Intergovernmental Affairs * Ministry of Labour (Ontario), Ministry of Labour, Training and Skills Development * Ministry of Long-Term Care (Ontario), Ministry of Long Term Care * Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing (Ontario), Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing * Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry * Ministry of Seniors and Accessibility * Ministry of the Solicitor General (Ontario), Ministry of the Solicitor General * Ministry of Transportation of Ontario, Ministry of Transportation * Treasury Board Secretariat (Ontario), Treasury Board Secretariat


Crown corporations


Legislative power

The Unicameralism, unicameral 124-member Legislative Assembly of Ontario (), and the Queen-in-Parliament, Crown-in-Parliament (represented by the lieutenant governor) comprise the Parliament of Ontario, Provincial Parliament of Ontario. As government power is vested in the Crown, the role of the lieutenant governor is to grant royal assent on behalf of the monarch to legislation passed by the Legislative Assembly. The Crown does not participate in the legislative process save for signifying approval to a bill passed by the Assembly.


Membership

Officeholders, known as members of Provincial Parliament (MPPs) are elected using the First-past-the-post voting, first-past-the-post system.


Government

The legislature plays a role in the election of governments, as the premier and Cabinet hold office by virtue of commanding the body's confidence. Per the tenants of responsible government, Cabinet ministers are almost always elected MPPs, and account to the Legislative Assembly.


Opposition

The second largest party of Parliamentary group, parliamentary caucus is known as the Leader of the Official Opposition (Ontario), Official Opposition, who typically appoint MPPs as critics to Shadow Cabinet, shadow ministers, and scrutinize the work of the government. The Official Opposition is formally termed Loyal opposition, Majesty's ''Loyal Opposition'', to signify that, though they may be opposed to the premier and Cabinet of the day's policies, they remain loyal to Canada, which is personified and represented by the .


Judiciary


See also

*Association of Management, Administrative and Professional Crown Employees of Ontario *Cabinet of Ontario *Ontario Public Service Employees Union *Politics of Ontario


References


External links

* {{Authority control Government of Ontario,