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The Ontario
Ontario
Hockey Association (OHA) is the governing body for the majority of junior and senior level ice hockey teams in the Province of Ontario. The OHA is sanctioned by the Ontario
Ontario
Hockey Federation along with the Northern Ontario
Ontario
Hockey Association. Other Ontario sanctioning bodies along with the OHF include the Hockey Eastern Ontario
Ontario
and Hockey Northwestern Ontario. The OHA control 3 tiers of junior hockey; the "Tier 2 Junior "A", Junior "B" , Junior "C", and one senior hockey league, Allan Cup
Allan Cup
Hockey. In 1980, the Ontario
Ontario
Major Junior Hockey League vacated what was known as Tier I Junior "A" hockey. The league is now known as the Ontario Hockey League. Although it is not a charter member of the OHA, the OHL is affiliated with the OHA and Ontario
Ontario
Hockey Federation.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Founding 1.2 Early history

1.2.1 Stanley Cup

1.3 Junior hockey 1.4 Intermediate hockey 1.5 Further historical information

2 Jurisdiction 3 Notable controversies

3.1 1974 Sutherland Cup 3.2 1986 Junior B suspensions 3.3 1987 Grey-Bruce Junior C Final 3.4 1994 Tilbury Hawks scandal 3.5 Tomorrow's Game

4 Leagues

4.1 Junior A 4.2 Junior B 4.3 Junior C 4.4 Senior

5 Former leagues

5.1 Junior 5.2 Senior

6 Championship trophies 7 See also 8 External links 9 References

History[edit] Founding[edit] The OHA was founded in 1890 to govern amateur ice hockey play in Ontario. This was the idea of Arthur Stanley, son of Lord Stanley, then Governor General of Canada. Arthur played for the Ottawa 'Rideau Rebels' and in the course of exhibition play against other teams in Ontario, convinced team officials to hold a meeting in November 1890 to discuss the idea. On November 27, 1890, at the Queen's Hotel in Toronto, delegates from hockey clubs around Ontario
Ontario
formed the Ontario Hockey Association. The first executive was:

A. Morgan Cosby, Toronto
Toronto
Victoria Club, president, John Barron, vice-president, Henry Ward, vice-president, C. K. Temple, Toronto
Toronto
St. George's Club, treasurer, C. R. Hamilton, Toronto
Toronto
Victoria Club, secretary

Early history[edit] In the beginning, the OHA had one league of senior men's hockey teams. This group included teams from Ottawa, Kingston, Toronto, and London. In the first years, the schedule consisted of this group playing a series of elimination playoffs leading to a single-game final playoff. For the first three years the Ottawa Hockey Club
Ottawa Hockey Club
was the champions, winners of the Cosby Cup. In 1894, the Ottawa team and the Association came to a disagreement over the venue of the finals, and Ottawa left the league. This was a schism that would lead to the forming of the Ottawa District Hockey Association, governing most of eastern Ontario ice hockey play. Stanley Cup[edit] From 1893-1908, teams from the OHA could and did challenge for the Stanley Cup, including:

Ottawa Hockey Club
Ottawa Hockey Club
(was in both AHAC and OHA), Queen's University of Kingston, Toronto
Toronto
Marlboros, Toronto
Toronto
Wellingtons

As senior-level play became professional, Stanley Cup
Stanley Cup
challenges would become impossible for amateur teams to win. After the introduction of the Allan Cup
Allan Cup
in 1908, clubs from the OHA would compete for that instead. The Ontario
Ontario
Professional Hockey League started to play in 1908 for senior-level men's pro hockey teams in Ontario. Champions of the OPHL would continue to challenge for the Stanley Cup. The senior-level men's league of the OHA is today composed of the six teams of Allan Cup
Allan Cup
Hockey. Junior hockey[edit] In 1892, the junior-level was introduced for play at a lower level. It was not age-limited to young men under the age of 20 until 1896, when the OHA introduced the 'intermediate'-level play bracket. In 1919, the Memorial Cup
Memorial Cup
was introduced, first called the 'OHA Memorial Cup', and was first won by University of Toronto
Toronto
Schools (UTS). It was to be the national championship trophy for junior-level play. The top-level of junior men's ice hockey would be under the governance of the OHA until 1980, when the Ontario
Ontario
Hockey League (OHL) was formed as a separate organization under Hockey Canada. The OHL took over as the body eligible for Memorial Cup
Memorial Cup
tournament play, and later became part of the Canadian Hockey League
Canadian Hockey League
junior league. The OHA continues to be the governing body for several ice hockey leagues in senior and junior within its jurisdictional borders. Intermediate hockey[edit] In 1897, intermediate level was introduced. This was to organize teams of a lower standard than the seniors. The first champions were Berlin, defeating the Frontenacs 3-0. The classification was abolished in 1983 by the OHA. The top league, Major Intermediate A Hockey League was divided between the OHA Senior A Hockey League and the various Senior B leagues. Nowadays, the OHA's Rule Handbook refers to what used to be the Intermediate A level as Senior AA, Intermediate B as Senior A, Intermediate C as Senior B, and the Intermediate D loop as Senior C. The champions for each classification is listed in the OHA Rule Handbook except for Senior C, although its trophy name is listed. The trophy emblematic of Canadian Intermediate Hockey supremacy was the Hardy Cup. Only three teams from Ontario
Ontario
ever won the Hardy Cup (that ran from 1968–1990), two from the OHA: Georgetown Raiders
Georgetown Raiders
in 1982 and Dundas Real McCoys
Dundas Real McCoys
in 1986. The third Ontario
Ontario
team was the Embrun Panthers of the Ottawa District Hockey Association. Further historical information[edit]

Ontario
Ontario
Hockey League history "OHA history". OHA. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 

Jurisdiction[edit] Empowered by Hockey Canada, the Ontario
Ontario
Hockey Association governs all Ontario
Ontario
senior and junior hockey not administered by Hockey Northwestern Ontario, Hockey Eastern Ontario, or Northern Ontario Hockey Association. This does not include the Greater Metro Junior A Hockey League or Western Ontario
Ontario
Athletic Association (at the Senior level), which are run outside of Hockey Canada's jurisdiction and are not affiliated. Hockey Eastern Ontario
Ontario
represents the part of Ontario
Ontario
East of and including Lanark County, Renfrew County, and Leeds County, but not including the town of Gananoque. Hockey Northwestern Ontario
Ontario
has control of the section of Northwestern Ontario
Ontario
west of the 85th meridian. Notable controversies[edit] 1974 Sutherland Cup[edit] In the 1974 OHA Junior B final for the Sutherland Cup, the Bramalea Blues of the Metro Junior B Hockey League
Metro Junior B Hockey League
and the Hamilton Red Wings of the Niagara District Junior B Hockey League
Niagara District Junior B Hockey League
were to face each other in a best-of-seven series. The Blues won a violent game one, but forfeited the series prior to game two, claiming that the Hamilton players were too violent and that the team had received a bomb threat if they were to return to Hamilton. The OHA's president, Frank Doherty, had offered to allow the Owen Sound Greys
Owen Sound Greys
of the Mid-Ontario Junior B Hockey League to take Bramalea's place in the final (they had previously been eliminated by the Blues in the semi-final), but this idea was not popular with the rest of the OHA. Hamilton was awarded the series, but their championship was never engraved on the Sutherland Cup. 1986 Junior B suspensions[edit] In 1986, the Ontario
Ontario
Hockey Association, concerned with growing violence in hockey, suspended the Streetsville Derbys
Streetsville Derbys
and the Brantford Classics from playing in the 1986-87 season.[1][2] The suspension of the Derbys had to do with a stick-swinging incident in the final game of the league quarter-final against the Nobleton Devils. A Nobleton player was struck in the back of the head with a two-hand slash, which also struck a linesman and cut his eyelid.[3] Brantford's suspension was related to a violent playoff brawl against the St. Catharines Falcons.[4] 1987 Grey-Bruce Junior C Final[edit] The 1987 Grey-Bruce Junior League would be the third of nine consecutive league championships for the Hanover Barons. Stringing together their third regular season title, the Barons would face the Port Elgin Bears for the third consecutive year in the league final. The first time, the Barons defeated them in five games, the second in a four-game-sweep. The big and strong Barons played an aggressive style of play. After the second game, the General Manager of the Bears announced to the press that they would not resume the series, citing dangerous play. Multiple injuries had occurred in a game two brawl to multiple players, and the player's parents refused to let them finish the series. The Barons were awarded the league title, won the Provincial Junior C quarter-final against the Great Lakes League's Essex 73's, but dropped the semi-final to the Niagara & District League's Norwich Merchants. 1994 Tilbury Hawks scandal[edit] In 1994, members of the Great Lakes Junior C Hockey League's Tilbury Hawks were charged with 135 various criminal violations by the Ontario Provincial Police stemming back to a rookie party in the Fall of 1993.[5] Members of the Hawks organization, who won the league in 1992-93, had engaged in a rookie party at the team owner's house in which various hazing rituals were performed on rookies including forced drinking, group masturbation, shaving of pubic hair, and various sexual acts.[6][7] Eventually, team trainer Paul Everaert and captain Ed Fiala plead guilty to their charges and were fined a total of $6,000.[8][9] The team was forced out of Tilbury by the end of the 1993-94 season, relocating to Walpole Island and folding in 1999. The team was a part of an investigation and subject matter of an episode of The Fifth Estate.[10] Tomorrow's Game[edit] Since the 2005-06 season, the OHA has sought a manner in which to rebrand and repopularize junior hockey throughout Ontario. Prior to the 2009-10 season, the OHA attempted to implement stage one of this endeavour. Their first attempt was to integrate the teams of the Southern Ontario
Ontario
Junior Hockey League in the Western Ontario
Ontario
Junior C Hockey League, Great Lakes Junior C Hockey League, and the Niagara & District Junior C Hockey League.[11] The SOJHL, a group of teams in the London, Ontario-area are all former Junior D teams who have sought identification as Junior C teams as a whole in the past. The teams of the SOJHL, although classified still as Junior D in the OHA, dropped their Junior D title a long time ago. In 2009, a vote was conducted by the General Managers of the SOJHL, WOJCHL, GLJHL, and NDJCHL on how the OHA would proceed with the amalgamation.[12] In the end, no action was taken. A group of S OJHL
OJHL
teams and NDJCHL teams actively blocked the measure due to a cluster of teams from both leagues that would have heavily overlapping player drawing zones - which would result in a depletion in their talent pool. During the 2009-10 season, the OHA announced that the second stage of the Tomorrow's game initiative would take place at the start of the 2010-11 season - the re-amalgamation of Junior A and Junior B and the promotion of the best of these teams to the new "Premier League".[13] In 1993, the Metro Junior B Hockey League
Metro Junior B Hockey League
and Central Junior B Hockey League, the OHA's two Toronto-area Junior B leagues, were officially recognized by the OHA as Junior A Leagues. The three remaining leagues, the Mid-Western Junior Hockey League, Western Ontario
Ontario
Hockey League, and Golden Horseshoe Junior Hockey League, who had been more dominant than their Toronto-area sister leagues in the Sutherland Cup department, were left to their own devices. In 2007, the three Southwestern Ontario
Ontario
leagues opted to merge to form a 27-team superleague, the Greater Ontario
Ontario
Junior Hockey League in hopes of eventually being promoted to Junior A and to attempt to prevent player poaching from the 37-team Ontario
Ontario
Provincial Junior A Hockey League. To this date, the debate still rages as to which league is ultimately better, the G OJHL
OJHL
or the OPJHL. In 2009, the OHA asked members of both the OPJHL
OPJHL
and the G OJHL
OJHL
to submit applications to the "Premier League" with deposits of $25,000.[14] A number of G OJHL
OJHL
teams applied for entry, but the entire core of Toronto-area Junior A leagues refused to apply for the Premier League. The Junior A teams eventually filed an appeal to the Ontario
Ontario
Hockey Federation in an attempt to stop the restructuring. The OHF upheld the appeal, but not resoundingly. The OHF found that the OHA was within its rights to rebrand Junior A, B, C, and D to Premier, Division I, and Division II, as long as they were clear that Premier is still Junior A under Hockey Canada's guidelines and that Division I and II are Junior B and C. The OHF also said that the OHA could recategorize its teams by authority of OHA By-law B46. The part of the appeal that was upheld was that OHA By-law C7 adds to By-law B46 in that classification changes must be approved by the league before they can be implemented. The OHF Appeal Board also added that if the OHA wished to, the OHA could remove By-law C7 from its Regulations & Constitution and then probably proceed with restructuring plans.[15] No major announcements about the future of this plan have been made since the early months of 2010. Leagues[edit] Junior A[edit]

Ontario
Ontario
Junior Hockey League

Junior B[edit]

Greater Ontario
Ontario
Junior Hockey League

Junior C[edit]

Provincial Junior Hockey League

Senior[edit]

Allan Cup Hockey
Allan Cup Hockey
– This league was formerly known as Major League Hockey

Please note: the Ontario
Ontario
Hockey League is not a member of the Ontario Hockey Association, but does carry a working relationship with it. Former leagues[edit] Junior[edit]

Big 10 Junior B Hockey League Border Cities Junior B Hockey League Central Ontario
Ontario
Junior C Hockey League Eastern Junior B Hockey League Empire B Junior C Hockey League Georgian Mid- Ontario
Ontario
Junior C Hockey League Golden Horseshoe Junior Hockey League Great Lakes Junior C Hockey League Metro Junior A Hockey League Mid- Ontario
Ontario
Junior B Hockey League Mid-Western Junior Hockey League Midwestern Junior C Hockey League Niagara & District Junior C Hockey League Northern Junior D Hockey League Ontario
Ontario
Junior Hockey League Ontario
Ontario
Provincial Junior A Hockey League (1972-1987) Quinte-St. Lawrence Junior C Hockey League Southern Counties Junior D Hockey League Southern Ontario
Ontario
Junior A Hockey League Southern Ontario
Ontario
Junior Hockey League Southwestern Junior B Hockey League Suburban Junior C Hockey League Western Ontario
Ontario
Hockey League Western Ontario
Ontario
Junior C Hockey League

Senior[edit]

Eastern Ontario
Ontario
Senior Hockey League Major Intermediate A Hockey League OHA Senior A Hockey League OHA Senior A Hockey League
OHA Senior A Hockey League
(1929-1979)

Championship trophies[edit]

OHA/OHF Senior "AAA" - J. Ross Robertson Cup Major Junior - J. Ross Robertson Cup OPJHL
OPJHL
- Frank L. Buckland Trophy Junior "B" - Sutherland Cup Junior "C" - Clarence Schmalz Cup

Retired

Senior "B" - Ken McMillan Cup Senior "C" - W.A. Hewitt Cup SOJAHL
SOJAHL
- Jack Oakes Memorial Trophy Super "C" - George S. Dudley Cup Senior - Cosby Cup

See also[edit]

Wikisource
Wikisource
has original text related to this article: Hockey: Canada's Royal Winter Game/Chapter V

List of ice hockey teams in Ontario List of ice hockey leagues Canadian Junior A Hockey League Hockey Canada Hockey Eastern Ontario

External links[edit]

Ontario
Ontario
Hockey Association Website

References[edit]

^ Toronto
Toronto
Star. May 16, 1986. Page D14. ^ Toronto
Toronto
Star. July 8, 1986. Page F08. ^ Toronto
Toronto
Star. February 27, 1986. Page H11. ^ http://www.brantfordexpositor.ca/ArticleDisplay.aspx?e=3402310 ^ http://espn.go.com/otl/hazing/thursday.html ^ http://espn.go.com/otl/hazing/thursday.html ^ http://www.playthegame.org/news/news-articles/2002/crossing-the-line-violence-and-sexual-assualt-in-canadas-national-sport/ ^ http://espn.go.com/otl/hazing/thursday.html ^ http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Columnists/Ulmer/2005/10/19/1269039-sun.html ^ http://www.playthegame.org/news/news-articles/2002/crossing-the-line-violence-and-sexual-assualt-in-canadas-national-sport/ ^ http://woodstockrenegades.jkstaylor.com/news-040209.htm ^ http://woodstockrenegades.jkstaylor.com/news-040209.htm ^ http://www.wellandtribune.ca/ArticleDisplay.aspx?e=2275033 ^ http://www.wellandtribune.ca/ArticleDisplay.aspx?e=2275033 ^ https://acrobat.com/#d=TaaQfOk8KoOqrFxcxFlBSw

Young, Scott (1989). 100 years of dropping the puck. McClelland & Stewart Inc. ISBN 0-7710-9093-5. 

v t e

Ontario
Ontario
Hockey Association Junior A Hockey

Current Leagues & Teams

Ontario
Ontario
Junior Hockey League Aurora Tigers Buffalo Jr. Sabres Burlington Cougars Cobourg Cougars Georgetown Raiders Kingston Voyageurs Lindsay Muskies Markham Royals Milton Icehawks Mississauga Chargers Newmarket Hurricanes North York Rangers Oakville Blades Orangeville Flyers Pickering Panthers St. Michael's Buzzers Stouffville Spirit Toronto
Toronto
Jr. Canadiens Toronto
Toronto
Patriots Trenton Golden Hawks Wellington Dukes Whitby Fury

Former Leagues & Teams

Southern Ontario
Ontario
Junior A Hockey League Brantford Foresters Brantford Majors Buffalo-Glencoe Tondas Chatham Maroons Detroit Jr. Red Wings Guelph CMC's Guelph Imperials Michigan Americans Niagara Falls Flyers St. Thomas Elgins Sarnia Bees Sarnia Legionnaires Welland Sabres Windsor Spitfires

Ontario
Ontario
Provincial Junior A Hockey League Ajax Merchants Belleville Bulls Brampton Warriors Cambridge Winterhawks Dixie Beehives Guelph Platers Hamilton Mountain A's Kingston Frontenacs North Bay Trappers Owen Sound Greys Royal York Royals Toronto
Toronto
Nationals Weston Dodgers Whitby Lawmen

Metro Junior A Hockey League Mimico Monarchs Pittsburgh Jr. Penguins

Ontario
Ontario
Junior Hockey League Ajax Attack Barrie Colts Bowmanville Eagles Bramalea Blues Brampton Capitals Caledon Canadians Collingwood Blues Couchiching Terriers Dixie Beehives Durham Huskies Huntsville Otters Markham Waxers Orangeville Crushers Parry Sound Shamrocks Peterborough Stars Seguin Bruins Shelburne Wolves Streetsville Derbys Syracuse Jr. Crunch Trenton Sting Vaughan Vipers

Seasons

Ontario
Ontario
Provincial Junior A Hockey League 1972–73 1973–74 1974–75 1975–76 1976–77 1977–78 1978–79 1979–80 1980–81 1981–82 1982–83 1983–84 1984–85 1985–86 1986–87

Metro Junior A Hockey League 1991–92 1992–93 1993–94 1994–95 1995–96 1996–97 1997–98

Ontario
Ontario
Junior Hockey League 1992–93 1993–94 1994–95 1995–96 1996–97 1997–98 1998–99 1999–00 2000–01 2001–02 2002–03 2003–04 2004–05 2005–06 2006–07 2007–08 2008–09 2009-10 CC/OJ 2010–11 2011–12 2012–13 2013–14 2014–15 2015–16 2016–17

Championships

CJHL Central Canada Cup Challenge Dudley Hewitt Cup Royal Bank Cup

v t e

Greater Ontario
Ontario
Junior Hockey League

Teams

Ancaster Avalanche Brampton Bombers Brantford 99ers Buffalo Regals Caledonia Corvairs Cambridge Winterhawks Chatham Maroons Elmira Sugar Kings Fort Erie Meteors Guelph Hurricanes Kitchener Dutchmen Komoka Kings LaSalle Vipers Leamington Flyers Listowel Cyclones London Nationals Niagara Falls Canucks Pelham Pirates St. Catharines Falcons St. Marys Lincolns St. Thomas Stars Sarnia Legionnaires Stratford Warriors Strathroy Rockets Thorold Blackhawks Waterloo Siskins Welland Jr. Canadians

Relocated teams

Brantford Eagles Lambton Shores Predators Owen Sound Greys Petrolia Jets Stoney Creek Warriors Tecumseh Chiefs Wheatfield Jr. Blades

Former teams

Cambridge Winter Hawks

History

CJBHL MetJHL WJBHL GHL MWJHL WOHL MOJBHL EJBHL NDJBHL

Sutherland Cup Ontario
Ontario
Hockey Association Hockey Canada

v t e

Provincial Junior Hockey League

Carruthers

Alliston Hornets Caledon Golden Hawks Huntsville Otters Midland Flyers Orillia Terriers Penetang Kings Schomberg Cougars Stayner Siskins (See also: GMOHL)

Pollock

Goderich Flyers Hanover Barons Kincardine Bulldogs Mitchell Hawks Mount Forest Patriots Walkerton Hawks Wingham Ironmen (See also: WOJCHL)

Bloomfield

Dundas Blues Dunnville Jr. Mudcats Glanbrook Rangers Grimsby Peach Kings Hagersville Hawks Niagara Riverhawks Port Dover Sailors Simcoe Storm (See also: NDJCHL)

Doherty

Ayr Centennials Burford Bulldogs Delhi Travellers New Hamburg Firebirds Norwich Merchants Paris Mounties Tavistock Braves Wellesley Applejacks Woodstock Navy-Vets (See also: MWJCHL)

Orr

Clarington Eagles Georgina Ice Lakefield Chiefs Little Britain Merchants North Kawartha Knights Port Perry Mojacks Uxbridge Bruins (See also: COJCHL)

Tod

Amherstview Jets Campbellford Rebels Gananoque Islanders Napanee Raiders Picton Pirates Port Hope Panthers (See also: EBJCHL)

Stobbs

Amherstburg Admirals Blenheim Blades Dresden Jr. Kings Essex 73's Lakeshore Canadiens Mooretown Flags Petrolia Flyers Wallaceburg Lakers Wheatley Sharks (See also: GLJCHL)

Yeck

Aylmer Spitfires Dorchester Dolphins Exeter Hawks Lambeth Lancers Lucan Irish Mount Brydges Bulldogs North Middlesex Stars Port Stanley Sailors Thamesford Trojans (See also: SOJHL)

Clarence Schmalz Cup Ontario
Ontario
Hockey Association Ontario
Ontario
Hockey Federation Hockey Canada

v t e

Ontario
Ontario
Senior "AAA" ice hockey teams

ACH Teams

Brantford Blast Dundas Real McCoys Hamilton Steelhawks Stoney Creek Generals Thorold Athletics Whitby Dunlops

Former Sr. A Teams 1990-Present

Aylmer Blues Baltimore Clippers Bothwell Bullets Cambridge Hornets Chatham Pontiacs Cobourg Lynx Creemore Chiefs Deseronto Bulldogs Dorchester Dolphins Dresden Lumber Kings Dunnville Mudcats Durham Huskies Elora Rocks Exeter Mohawks Fort Frances Thunderhawks Ingersoll B's Kenora Thistles Kingston Aces Lakeshore Winterhawks London Admirals Marmora Lakers Norwood Vipers Ohsweken Riverhawks Orillia Tundras Oxford Blues Petrolia Squires Point Edward Comets St. Lawrence Falcons Shelburne Muskies Simcoe Gunners Strathroy Jets Tamworth Braves Thunder Bay K&A Twins Thunder Bay Bombers Tillsonburg Vipers Walpole Island Hawks Welland Whalers Windsor St. Clair Saints

Defunct Leagues

Eastern Ontario
Ontario
Senior Hockey League Major Intermediate A Hockey League Northern Senior A Hockey League OHA Senior A Hockey League
OHA Senior A Hockey League
(1929-1979) OHA Senior A Hockey League

Related articles: Renwick Cup Allan Cup Hardy

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