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Olivenza
Olivenza
(Spanish: [oliˈβenθa]) or Olivença (Portuguese: [oliˈvẽsɐ]) is a town situated on a disputed section of the Portugal– Spain
Spain
border. It is administered de facto by Spain, as part of the autonomous community of Extremadura. Portugal holds a claim on the town and its surrounding territory.[1] As Olivença, the town was under Portuguese sovereignty between 1297 (Treaty of Alcañices) and 1801 when it was invaded by the Spanish during the War of the Oranges
War of the Oranges
and then ceded to Spain
Spain
under the Treaty of Badajoz. Spain
Spain
has since administered the territory (now split into two municipalities, Olivenza
Olivenza
and Táliga), whilst Portugal
Portugal
invokes the self-revocation of the Treaty of Badajoz, plus the Treaty of Vienna of 1815, to claim the return of the territory. In spite of the territorial dispute between Portugal
Portugal
and Spain, the issue has not been a sensitive matter in the relations between these two countries.[2][3] Olivenza
Olivenza
and other neighbouring Spanish (La Codosera, Alburquerque and Badajoz) and Portuguese (Arronches, Campo Maior, Estremoz, Portalegre and Elvas) towns reached an agreement in 2008 to create a euroregion.[4][5]

Contents

1 Geography 2 Chronology 3 Claims of sovereignty 4 Famous people born in Olivenza 5 References 6 External links

Geography[edit]

Olivenza
Olivenza
in the province of Badajoz.

Olivença in the former Alto Alentejo Province.

Olivenza
Olivenza
is located on the left (east) bank of the Guadiana
Guadiana
river, at an equal distance of 24 kilometres (15 miles) south of Elvas in Portugal
Portugal
and Badajoz
Badajoz
in Spain. The territory is triangular, with a smaller side resting on the Guadiana
Guadiana
and the opposite vertex entering south-east and surrounded by Spanish territory. By an agreement between Spain
Spain
and Portugal, the left bank of the river was recognized as being Portuguese territory (to a non-defined width, though),[citation needed] and sets de facto border in that area. Besides the town, the municipality of Olivenza
Olivenza
includes six villages: San Francisco (Portuguese: São Francisco), San Rafael (São Rafael), Villarreal (Vila Real), Santo Domingo de Guzman (São Domingos de Gusmão), San Benito de la Contienda (São Bento da Contenda), and San Jorge de Alor (São Jorge da Lor). Another village, Táliga, was detached to become the seat of a separate municipality in 1850. Total population is 10,762 (2002), of which 8,274 live in Olivenza. The total area is 750 square kilometres (290 sq mi). Like the surrounding regions, population density is low, at 11 inhabitants per km². Some monuments include the Saint Mary of the Castle Church (Spanish: Iglesia de Santa María del Castillo, Portuguese: Igreja de Santa Maria do Castelo), Holy Ghost Chapel (Capilla del Espíritu Santo, Capela do Espírito Santo), Saint Mary Magdalene Church (Iglesia de Santa María Magdalena, Igreja de Santa Maria Madalena, considered a masterwork of Portuguese Manueline
Manueline
architecture), Saint John of God Monastery (Monasterio de San Juan de Dios, Mosteiro de São João de Deus), the keep (torre del homenaje, torre de menagem), and the ruins of the Our Lady of Help Bridge (Puente de Nuestra Señora de Ayuda, Ponte de Nossa Senhora da Ajuda, destroyed in 1709 and never rebuilt). There are still traces of Portuguese culture and language in the people, although the younger generations speak Spanish only. At the beginning of the 1940s the city was reportedly mainly Portuguese-speaking,[citation needed] but after the 1940s a language shift towards Spanish took place. Chronology[edit]

1170 – Olivenza
Olivenza
region falls for the first time into Portuguese hands during the conquests of Afonso Henriques, the first king of Portugal. 1189 – Muslims retake the region. 1230 – The Olivenza
Olivenza
area (as part of the Badajoz
Badajoz
surroundings) is taken from the Muslims by King Alfonso IX of León.[6] 1259 – The Knights Templar already established in the nearby town of Alconchel, create the first settlement that can be identified as the origin of the town of Olivenza. The Templars built the first castle and church of the town.[6] 1278 – Olivenza
Olivenza
and the surrounding area is granted by King Alfonso X of Castile and León to the Bishopric and Council of Badajoz, taking it back from the Knights Templar.[6] 1297 – After the critical situation created in Castile with the death of King Sancho IV, King Dinis of Portugal
Portugal
forces King Ferdinand IV to sign the Treaty of Alcañices
Treaty of Alcañices
(1297) and cede, amongst other possessions, Olivenza
Olivenza
to Portugal.[7] 1298 – King Denis of Portugal
Portugal
grants Olivenza
Olivenza
a foral (charter), and new city walls are built. 1510 – King Manuel I of Portugal
Portugal
renews the town charter and orders the building of fortifications and the Olivença Bridge over the Guadiana
Guadiana
River (Ponte de Olivença, later known as Ponte de Nossa Senhora da Ajuda (Our Lady of Help Bridge) or, simply as Ajuda bridge), on the road to Elvas. Construction of Santa Maria Madalena Church begins. This church would be the residence of the Bishop of Ceuta for many years. 1668 – Treaty of Lisbon between Spain
Spain
and Portugal
Portugal
reaffirms the borders defined in the Treaty of Alcanizes of 1297. 1709 – During the War of the Spanish Succession, the Ponte da Ajuda Bridge is destroyed by Spanish forces. Its ruins remain until today. 1801

29 January 1801 – France, allied to Spain, demands Portugal, British ally since the Anglo-Portuguese Treaty of 1373, to enter into an alliance with France in the war against Britain. Portugal
Portugal
refuses. 27 February 1801 – The brief War of the Oranges
War of the Oranges
begins, with the French troops marching on Portugal, later followed by Spanish troops. 20 May 1801 – Spanish troops occupy, among other towns, Olivenza.[8] 6 June 1801 – The war is over with the simultaneous signing of two treaties in Badajoz, Spain, the first between France and Portugal, and the second between Spain
Spain
and Portugal. As both treaties mention each other and share common clauses, they are frequently referred to as just the Treaty of Badajoz. Under one of the terms of the Treaty, Spain
Spain
gives back all the occupied towns except those on the left bank of the Guadiana
Guadiana
river (the territory of Olivenza),[8] which are ceded by Portugal
Portugal
to Spain, including its inhabitants, on a 'perpetual' basis. The Treaty also stipulates that the breach of any of its articles leads to its cancellation.[9] 29 September 1801 – The treaty is signed again, this time in Madrid, with slight modifications demanded by France, but not affecting the stipulated for Olivenza.[8]

1805

26 January 1805 – The Portuguese currency is forbidden. 20 February 1805 – Teaching in Portuguese is forbidden. 14 August 1805 – Adoption of the Spanish language
Spanish language
in city hall documents.

1807

October – Treaty of Fontainebleau (1807)
Treaty of Fontainebleau (1807)
between Spain
Spain
and France dividing Portugal
Portugal
and all Portuguese dominions between them. November – French and Spanish troops again march over Portugal, in the Peninsular War.

1808

John, Prince Regent of Portugal, repudiates the Treaty of Badajoz claiming that the ongoing war abrogated the peace terms of the treaty.[9]

1809

July – Portugal
Portugal
presents to the Junta Central, in Seville, an official order of restitution of the territory of Olivenza.

1810

19 February 1810 – Treaty of alliance and friendship between Portugal
Portugal
and Britain, whereby Great Britain pledges to help Portugal to regain possession of Olivenza, in turn receiving the exploration of the Portuguese establishments of Bissau
Bissau
and Cacheu
Cacheu
for a period of 50 years. Portugal
Portugal
starts negotiating a treaty with the Regency Council of Spain, whereby Olivenza
Olivenza
should be given back to Portugal.

1811

March – French general Soult
Soult
takes Olivenza.[8]

15 April 1811 – Beresford, a British marshall with the rank of Head General of the Portuguese Army, briefly retakes Olivenza.[8] 1813

19 May 1813 – The remaining Portuguese language
Portuguese language
private schools are closed by the Spanish authorities.

1814

30 May 1814 – The Treaty of Paris between France and the allied countries (including Portugal) includes a provision declaring the 1801 treaties of Badajoz
Badajoz
and Madrid null and void. Spain
Spain
is not a part of this agreement.

1815

9 June 1815 – The Portuguese delegation to the Congress of Vienna, led by Pedro de Sousa Holstein, succeeds in including article 105 in the Final Act (aka the Treaty of Vienna), stating that the winning countries are to endeavour with the mightiest conciliatory effort to return Olivenza
Olivenza
to Portuguese authority. The Spanish representative to the Congress, Pedro Gomes Labrador, refuses to sign the Treaty, registering a protest against several of the Congress resolutions, including article 105. 27 October 1815 – Expecting the quick restitution of Olivenza, Prince Regent John nominates José Luiz de Sousa as Plenipotentiary.

29 January 1817 – Portugal
Portugal
occupies Uruguay
Uruguay
due to rebel threats against Brasil. 7 May 1817 – Spain
Spain
finally signs the Treaty of Vienna, since, in the Spanish interpretation, the text is not mandatory on demanding Spain to return Olivenza
Olivenza
to Portugal. However, the text clearly states that all the signatary winning powers promise to take all efforts to make sure that Olivenza
Olivenza
is returned to Portugal. 1818–1819 – Spain
Spain
and Portugal, with the mediation of France, England, Russia and Austria, negotiate in the Conference of Paris toward a peaceful restitution of Uruguay
Uruguay
to Spain. Spain
Spain
accepts the terms of an agreement proposed by the mediators but due to internal problems and the Liberal Revolution in 1820, actions never took place. 7 November 1820 – Spanish authorities forbade the use of private teaching in Portuguese. 1821 – Portugal
Portugal
annexes Uruguay. In reaction, Spain
Spain
withdraws from the Olivenza
Olivenza
talks. 1840 – The Portuguese language
Portuguese language
is forbidden in the territory of Olivenza, including inside churches. 1850 – The village of Táliga
Táliga
is separated to form its own municipality. 1858 – Isabel II of Spain
Spain
grants the title of City (Ciudad) to Olivenza. 29 September 1864 – The Treaty of Lisbon (1864) between Portugal
Portugal
and Spain
Spain
is signed, demarcating the border from the estuary of the Minho river, on the far North, to the confluence of the Caya River
Caya River
with the Guadiana
Guadiana
river, just north of Olivenza. The demarcation of the border is not pursued further because of the situation of Olivenza. 1918/1919 – With the end of World War I, the Portuguese government studies the possibility of taking the situation of Olivenza
Olivenza
to the Paris Peace Conference. However, as Spain
Spain
had not participated in the War, the intervention of the international community in this issue is not possible. 29 June 1926 – Portugal
Portugal
and Spain
Spain
sign the Convention of Limits (1926) an agreement demarcating the border from the confluence of Ribeira de Cuncos with the Guadiana, just south of Olivenza, to the estuary of the Guadiana, on the far South. The border between Portugal and Spain
Spain
from the confluence of the Caya river to the confluence of the Cuncos is not demarcated and remains so nowadays, with the Guadiana
Guadiana
being the de facto border. 1936–1939 – During the Spanish Civil War, Portuguese Colonel Rodrigo Pereira Botelho volunteers to occupy Olivenza. The 8th Portuguese Regiment, stationed in nearby Elvas, prepares to take Olivenza
Olivenza
but is ordered not to. 15 August 1938 – The Pro- Olivenza
Olivenza
Society (Sociedade Pró-Olivença) is founded, the first of a number of pressure groups established to advance the cause of Olivenza
Olivenza
in Portugal. 1954 – Oliventine children are no longer allowed to take free holidays in the Portuguese seaside resort "Colónia Balnear Infantil d'O Século", managed by a newspaper owned charity. 24 January 1967 – The Portuguese government declares the Ponte da Ajuda Bridge a National Heritage Monument. 1968 – A covenant between Portugal
Portugal
and Spain
Spain
on exploitation of hydraulic resources in the frontier rivers is signed. All frontier rivers (including the non-demarcated section in the Guadiana
Guadiana
river) are covered, distributing the hydraulic exploitation between both countries. The hydraulic exploitation of the non-demarcated section in the Guadiana
Guadiana
river is assigned to Portugal
Portugal
(in the same way as the rights on hydraulic exploitation over other frontier rivers are assigned either to Portugal
Portugal
or to Spain). The only difference between this section and the rest is that the term "international" is omitted (all the sections are named "international section" but the non-demarcated one in the Guadiana
Guadiana
river).[10] 1977 – A Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation between Spain
Spain
and Portugal
Portugal
is signed, with no mention to the Olivenza
Olivenza
claim.[11] 1981 – Former prime-minister of Portugal, Admiral Pinheiro de Azevedo publishes a book on Olivenza
Olivenza
and visits the town, leading Spain
Spain
to send a contingent of the Civil Guard (Guardia Civil) to prevent any confrontation. 1990

In an Iberian Summit, the prime ministers of Portugal
Portugal
and Spain
Spain
sign a covenant for the joint effort to preserve the Ponte da Ajuda
Ponte da Ajuda
Bridge, as well as the construction of a new bridge alongside it, also as a joint effort. Elvas and Olivenza
Olivenza
became friendship towns.

1994, November – After internal criticism that the agreement of 1990 would mean the recognition of the de facto border by the government of Portugal, the agreement is modified in another Iberian Summit. Portugal
Portugal
is now in full charge of constructing the new bridge and preserving the old bridge, therefore not putting the Portuguese claim to the territory of Olivenza
Olivenza
at stake.[citation needed] March 1995 – The Portuguese government sends its Spanish counterpart a study on the effects of the construction of the Alqueva Dam
Alqueva Dam
on Spanish territory. Information on Olivenza
Olivenza
is not included. Later, Portugal
Portugal
sends further information, including data on Olivenza, under the title "Territory of Spain
Spain
and Olivenza". October 1999 – The Spanish police stop preservation works being undertaken by the Portuguese on the old Ponte da Ajuda
Ponte da Ajuda
Bridge on the left bank (Spanish side) of the Guadiana
Guadiana
river. The Portuguese had been working on that side of the bridge without Spanish permits assuming that the left bank-side of the Guadiana
Guadiana
river belonged to Portugal, according to the 1968 covenant.[citation needed] In subsequent events, a Portuguese court order prevents Spain
Spain
from taking over the works.[citation needed] 11 November 2000 – The new Olivenza
Olivenza
Bridge, constructed by Portugal, is inaugurated. 2003

Spain
Spain
restarts work on the old bridge, under protest from the Portuguese government.[citation needed]

2004

25 June 2004 – The Portuguese parliament raises the issue of Olivenza
Olivenza
and exhorts the Minister of Foreign Affairs to try to solve the question, in a friendly and cooperative way, with Spain
Spain
and the people of Olivenza, within the European Union.[citation needed] 4 September 2004 – The Portuguese Minister of Foreign Affairs, Antonio Martins da Cruz states that the Olivenza
Olivenza
issue "is frozen".[12][13] 7 September 2004 – The Government of the autonomous community of Extremadura
Extremadura
declares the old Ponte da Ajuda
Ponte da Ajuda
Bridge a Heritage Monument.[14]

2007 – Guillermo Fernandez Vara, who was born in Olivenza, is elected president of Extremadura. 2010 – The ancient Portuguese street names, that were removed in the first half of the 20th century, return to the historical city center of Olivença.[15] December 2014 – Portuguese Nationality is given to 80 residents of Olivenza, after their formal request. Other 90 similar requests from residents of Olivenza
Olivenza
are received by the Portuguese authorities.[16]

Claims of sovereignty[edit] Olivenza
Olivenza
was under Portuguese sovereignty from 1297. During the War of the Oranges, French and Spanish troops, under the command of Manuel de Godoy, took the town on May 20, 1801. In the aftermath of that conflict, the Treaty of Badajoz
Badajoz
was signed, with the Olivenza territory remaining a part of Spain. Spain
Spain
claims de jure sovereignty over Olivenza
Olivenza
on the grounds that the Treaty of Badajoz
Badajoz
still stands and has never been revoked, thus making the case that the border between the two countries in the region of Olivenza
Olivenza
should be demarcated as said by the treaty. Portugal
Portugal
claims de jure sovereignty over Olivenza
Olivenza
on the grounds of the cancellation of the Treaty of Badajoz, since it was revoked by its own terms. The breach of any of its articles would lead to its cancellation, and that happened when Spain
Spain
invaded Portugal
Portugal
in the Peninsular War
Peninsular War
of 1807. Portugal
Portugal
further bases its case on Article 105 of the Treaty of Vienna of 1815 (which Spain
Spain
signed in 1817) that states that the winning countries are "committed to employ the mightiest conciliatory effort to return Olivenza
Olivenza
to Portuguese authority" and that the winning countries "recognize that the return of Olivenza
Olivenza
and its territories must be done".[17] Thus, the border between the two countries in the region of Olivenza
Olivenza
should be demarcated by the Treaty of Alcanizes of 1297. Spain
Spain
interprets Article 105 as not being mandatory on demanding Spain to return Olivenza
Olivenza
to Portugal, thus not revoking the Treaty of Badajoz. Portugal
Portugal
has never made a formal claim to the territory after the Treaty of Vienna, but has equally never directly acknowledged the Spanish sovereignty over Olivenza. Portuguese military maps do not show the border at that area, implying it to be undefined. Also, the latest road connection between Olivenza and Portugal
Portugal
(entirely paid by the Portuguese state,[18] although it involved the building of a bridge over the Guadiana, an international river) has no indication of the Portuguese border, again implying the undefined status. There is no research on the opinion of the inhabitants of Olivenza about their status. Spanish public opinion is not generally aware of the Portuguese claim on Olivenza. On the other hand, awareness in Portugal
Portugal
has been increasing under the efforts of pressure groups to have the question raised and debated in public.[19][20][21] Famous people born in Olivenza[edit]

Guillermo Fernández Vara
Guillermo Fernández Vara
(1958) – Spanish politician, president of Extremadura. Pedro da Fonseca (?–1422) – Portuguese cardinal Paulo da Gama (1465-1499), Vasco da Gama's elder brother, commander of São Rafael in the discovery of the route to India. Vicente Lusitano (c. 1461 – c. 1561) – Portuguese composer and music theoretician. Tomás Romero de Castilla (1833–1910) – Spanish theologian, founder of the Museo Arqueológico Provincial de Badajoz

References[edit]

^ Rongxing Guo, Territorial Disputes and Resource Management: A Global Handbook, Nova Science Publisher/New York, 2007 ^ Portugal
Portugal
desmiente a la CIA y niega que haya un conflicto por Olivenza
Olivenza
Archived 2011-07-26 at the Wayback Machine. (in Spanish) ^ Martins da Cruz Afirma Que a Questão de Olivença "Está Congelada" (in Portuguese) ^ Europacto en la frontera hispano-lusa Archived 2011-07-26 at the Wayback Machine. (in Spanish) ^ Euroregião e Declaração de Olivença (in Portuguese)[dead link] ^ a b c Templespaña (2012). Gran Guía de la España Templaria (in Spanish). Santillana. ISBN 8403012071.  ^ Margarida Garcez Ventura, A Definição das Fronteiras, Ed. Quidnovi, Matosinhos/Lisbon, 2007, ISBN 978-972-8998-85-1 ^ a b c d e António Pedro Vicente, Guerra Peninsular, Ed. Quidnovi, Matosinhos/Lisbon, 2007, ISBN 978-972-8998-86-8 ^ a b in António Ventura, Guerra das Laranjas, Ed. Quidnovi, Matosinhos/Lisbon, 2008, ISBN 978-989-628-075-8, the text of the Treaty of Badajoz: "[Preamble] [...] dois Tratados, sem que na parte essencial seja mais do que um, pois que a Garantia é recíproca, e não haverá validade em alguns dos dois, quando venha a verificar-se a infracção em qualquer dos Artigos, que neles se expressam. [...] Artigo I: Haverá Paz [...] entre Sua Alteza Real o Príncipe Regente de Portugal, e dos Algarves, e Sua Majestade Católica El-Rei de Espanha, assim por mar, como por terra em toda a extensão dos seus reinos [...]. Artigo III: Sua Majestade Católica [...] conservará em qualidade de Conquista para unir perpetuamente aos seus Domínios, e Vassalos, a Praça de Olivença, seu Território, e Povos desde o Guadiana; de sorte que este Rio seja o limite dos respectivos Reinos, naquela parte que unicamente toca ao sobredito Território de Olivença. [...] Artigo IX: Sua Majestade Católica se obriga a Garantir a Sua Alteza Real o Príncipe Regente de Portugal
Portugal
a inteira conservação dos Seus Estados, e Domínios sem a menor excepção, ou reserva. [...]" ^ Instrumento de ratificación del Convenio y Protocolo adicional entre España y Portugal
Portugal
para regular el uso y aprovechamiento hidráulico de los tramos internacionales de los ríos Limia, Miño, Tajo, Guadiana
Guadiana
y Chanza y sus afluentes, firmado en Madrid el 29 de mayo de 1968.. Article III states:

El aprovechamiento hidráulico de las siguientes zonas de los tramos internacionales de los restantes ríos mencionados en el artículo primero será distribuido entre España y Portugal
Portugal
de la forma siguiente: [...] E) Se reserva a Portugal
Portugal
la utilización de todo el tramo del río Guadiana
Guadiana
entre los puntos de confluencia de éste con los ríos Caya y Cuncos, incluyendo los correspondientes desniveles de los afluentes en el tramo.

In the same article, sections A and B are assigned to Portugal, while C, D and F are assigned to Spain.

^ Instrumento de ratificacion de España del Tratado de Amistad y Cooperacion entre España y Portugal, hecho en Madrid el dia 22 de noviembre de 1977 (in Spanish). ^ Martins da Cruz Afirma Que a Questão de Olivença "Está Congelada" (in Portuguese), Público. ^ «Una cuestión congelada», según Portugal
Portugal
(in Spanish), ABC, September 15, 2004 ^ RESOLUCIÓN de 6 de septiembre de 2004, de la Consejería de Cultura, por la que se incoa expediente de declaración de bien de interés cultural, para el puente de Ajuda en la localidad de Olivenza (Badajoz) (in Spanish). ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-06-12. Retrieved 2010-10-31.  (in Portuguese) ^ http://diariodigital.sapo.pt/news.asp?id_news=753161 Dezenas de habitantes de Olivença pedem e obtêm nacionalidade portuguesa (in Portuguese) ^ https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sp.html#Issues ^ http://www.ionline.pt/artigos/portugal/fronteira-invisivel-se-dia-portugal-espanha-se-unirem-capital-sera-olivenca ^ Jefferies, Anthony (19 August 2006). "The best of both worlds". Daily Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group. Retrieved 19 February 2010.  ^ Mora, Miguel (4 December 2000). "La eterna disputa de Olivenza-Olivença". El País
El País
(in Spanish). Ediciones El País, S.L. Retrieved 19 February 2010.  ^ Caetano, Filipe (18 January 2008). "Cimeira Ibérica: Olivença ainda é questão?". IOL Diário (in Portuguese). Media Capital Multimedia. Retrieved 19 February 2010. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Olivenza.

CIA World Factbook reference to Olivenza
Olivenza
in the "Disputes – international" section on the Spain
Spain
page (in Portuguese) Official Map of Portugal
Portugal
with Olivenza
Olivenza
IGEOE Official Portuguese statements GAO CIA World Factbook reference to Olivença in the "Disputes – international" section on the Portugal
Portugal
page (in Spanish) Olivenza
Olivenza
in the official website of the Province of Badajoz (in Spanish) Olivenza
Olivenza
in the official website for Tourism in the Region of Extremadura Website for Portuguese pressure group "Group of Friends of Olivenza" Portuguese, Spanish Website for Oliventino cultural group Alemguadiana

v t e

Municipalities in the province of Badajoz

Acedera Aceuchal Ahillones Alange Alburquerque Alconchel Alconera Aljucén Almendral Almendralejo Arroyo de San Serván Atalaya Azuaga Badajoz Barcarrota Baterno Benquerencia de la Serena Berlanga Bienvenida Bodonal de la Sierra Burguillos del Cerro Cabeza del Buey Cabeza la Vaca Calamonte Calera de León Calzadilla de los Barros Campanario Campillo de Llerena Capilla Carmonita Casas de Don Pedro Casas de Reina Castilblanco Castuera Cheles Cordobilla de Lácara Corte de Peleas Cristina Don Álvaro Don Benito El Carrascalejo Entrín Bajo Esparragalejo Esparragosa de Lares Esparragosa de la Serena Feria Fregenal de la Sierra Fuenlabrada de los Montes Fuente de Cantos Fuente del Arco Fuente del Maestre Fuentes de León Garbayuela Garlitos Granja de Torrehermosa Guadiana
Guadiana
del Caudillo Guareña Helechosa de los Montes Herrera del Duque Higuera de Llerena Higuera de Vargas Higuera de la Serena Higuera la Real Hinojosa del Valle Hornachos Jerez de los Caballeros La Albuera La Codosera La Coronada La Garrovilla La Haba La Lapa La Morera La Nava de Santiago La Parra La Roca de la Sierra La Zarza Llera Llerena Lobón Los Santos de Maimona Magacela Maguilla Malcocinado Malpartida de la Serena Manchita Medellín Medina de las Torres Mengabril Mérida Mirandilla Monesterio Montemolín Monterrubio de la Serena Montijo Navalvillar de Pela Nogales Oliva de Mérida Oliva de la Frontera Olivenza Orellana de la Sierra Orellana la Vieja Palomas Peñalsordo Peraleda del Zaucejo Puebla de Alcocer Puebla de Obando Puebla de Sancho Pérez Puebla de la Calzada Puebla de la Reina Puebla del Maestre Puebla del Prior Pueblonuevo del Guadiana Quintana de la Serena Reina Rena Retamal de Llerena Ribera del Fresno Risco Salvaleón Salvatierra de los Barros San Pedro de Mérida San Vicente de Alcántara Sancti-Spíritus Santa Amalia Santa Marta Segura de León Siruela Solana de los Barros Talarrubias Talavera la Real Táliga Tamurejo Torre de Miguel Sesmero Torremayor Torremejía Trasierra Trujillanos Usagre Valdecaballeros Valdelacalzada Valdetorres Valencia de las Torres Valencia del Mombuey Valencia del Ventoso Valle de Matamoros Valle de Santa Ana Valle de la Serena Valverde de Burguillos Valverde de Leganés Valverde de Llerena Valverde de Mérida Villafranca de los Barros Villagarcía de la Torre Villagonzalo Villalba de los Barros Villanueva de la Serena Villanueva del Fresno Villar de Rena Villar del Rey Villarta de los Montes Zafra Zahínos Zalamea de la Se

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