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Oleksandr Valentynovych Turchynov (Ukrainian: Олександр Валентинович Турчинов; born 31 March 1964) is a Ukrainian politician, screenwriter, Baptist
Baptist
minister and economist. He is the current Secretary of the National Security and Defence Council of Ukraine.[8] Turchynov is a former acting President of Ukraine
President of Ukraine
from the removal from power of President Viktor Yanukovych
Viktor Yanukovych
on 21 February 2014,[9][10][11][12] until Petro Poroshenko
Petro Poroshenko
was sworn in as Ukrainian President on 7 June 2014.[13] He then became Chairman of the Ukrainian Parliament until 27 November 2014. Turchynov also served as acting Prime Minister in 2010 (when he was the First Vice Prime Minister in the absence of a prime minister after Yulia Tymoshenko's government was dismissed on 3 March 2010[14]) until the Verkhovna Rada
Verkhovna Rada
(Ukrainian parliament) appointed Mykola Azarov
Mykola Azarov
as Prime Minister on 11 March 2010.[15][16] Turchynov was the first deputy chairman of the political party Batkivshchyna
Batkivshchyna
(All-Ukrainian Union "Fatherland") and a close associate of party leader Yulia Tymoshenko.[8][17][18][19] He started the new political party People's Front in September 2014, now together with Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk.[20]

Contents

1 Biography 2 Political life 3 Business activity 4 Controversies 5 Non-official activities 6 Personal life 7 References 8 External links

Biography[edit] Oleksandr Turchynov
Oleksandr Turchynov
was born in Dnipropetrovsk. He graduated from the Dnipropetrovsk
Dnipropetrovsk
Metallurgical Institute in 1986, after which he worked at Kryvorizhstal, a large Ukrainian steel producer.[21] From 1987 to 1990, he served as head of the agitation and propaganda division of the Dnipropetrovsk
Dnipropetrovsk
Oblast Komsomol
Komsomol
(Communist Youth League) Committee, which was led by Serhiy Tihipko.[21] Tihipko and Turchynov became political advisers of Leonid Kuchma, then head of Dnipropetrovsk-based Pivdenmash missile manufacturer.[21] Kuchma and his entire team, including Tihipko and Turchynov moved to Kiev
Kiev
in 1992, after Kuchma was appointed Prime Minister.[21] In 1993 Turchynov was formally appointed an advisor on economic issues to Prime Minister Kuchma.[21] Turchynov is an old ally of Yulia Tymoshenko, another prominent Ukrainian political figure from Dnipropetrovsk. They used to have a common business in Dnipropetrovsk. In December 1993, Turchynov co-founded and became Vice President of Ukrainian Union of Industrialist and Entrepreneurs. In 1994 he created the political party Hromada together with Pavlo Lazarenko, a business ally of Tymoshenko.[21] Turchynov was also director of the Economic Reforms Institute from January 1994 to March 1998 and was head of the Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences' Laboratory of Shadow Economy Research.[22][23] Political life[edit]

Turchynov, Arseniy Yatsenyuk
Arseniy Yatsenyuk
and Oleh Tyahnybok
Oleh Tyahnybok
with coalition agreement before 2012 Ukrainian parliamentary election.

Turchynov and Oleh Tyahnybok
Oleh Tyahnybok
in parliament, 24 February 2014

In 1998, he was elected to parliament as a member of Hromada but after the scandal around Lazarenko, he left the faction and party (during May 1999) together with Yulia Tymoshenko's All-Ukrainian Union "Fatherland". He was re-elected to parliament in 2002 and 2006 as part of the BYuT. On 4 February 2005, Turchynov was appointed and served as the first‐ever civilian head of the Security Service of Ukraine
Security Service of Ukraine
(SBU). With the approval of Turchynov as the head of the SBU, he dissolved the investigation team that was investigating the Georgiy Gongadze case since 2002. According to the first deputy head of the Main Investigation Department of the Prosecutor General’s Office of Ukraine
Ukraine
Roman Shubin, Turchynov ordered not to provide operational data on the Gongadze case to the investigation group of the Security Service of Ukraine.[24][25][26] In August 2007, Turchynov replied to the accusation that his stance on same-sex marriage is typically conservative, "I do not agree. If a man has normal views, then you label him a conservative, but those who use drugs or promote sodomy, you label them a progressive person. All of these are perversions".[27] In the spring of 2008, he was the Yulia Tymoshenko
Yulia Tymoshenko
Bloc and the Our Ukraine–People's Self-Defense Bloc candidate[28] for the Mayor of Kiev
Kiev
election he placed second at the election with 218,600 votes (19.13% of total vote).[29] In December 2009, during the 2010 Ukrainian presidential election campaign Turchynov accused President Viktor Yushchenko
Viktor Yushchenko
and opposition leader Viktor Yanukovych
Viktor Yanukovych
of coordinating their actions in their attempts to topple the Second Tymoshenko Government.[30] From December 2009 till March 2010, the adviser to Turchynov in the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine
Ukraine
was Andriy Slyusarchuk, a Ukrainian fraudster.[31] On 4 March 2010, after the fall of the second Tymoshenko Government, former Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko
Yulia Tymoshenko
resigned from that post on 4 March 2010[14] and Turchynov was empowered to fulfill the Prime Minister's duties until a new government was formed.[32] On 11 March 2010 the Azarov Government
Azarov Government
was elected[33] and Mykola Azarov
Mykola Azarov
was appointed Prime Minister the same day.[15][16] In 2012 he was re-elected into parliament on the party list of "Fatherland".[34] On 22 February 2014, he was elected as speaker of Verkhovna Rada.[9] On 23 February 2014, Turchynov was designated as acting President of Ukraine
Ukraine
following the impeachment of Viktor Yanukovych.[35] On 25 February Turchynov assumed the (Presidential power of) command of the Ukrainian Armed Forces.[12] Early March 2014 Vladimir Putin, President of the Russian Federation, stated he did not regard Turchynov as the legitimate Ukrainian President.[36] On 14 April 2014, while talking on the phone with Secretary-General Ban Ki Moon, Turchynov asked for the United Nations's support regarding the crisis in eastern Ukraine, to which the Secretary-General replied that peacekeepers may be sent in should Russia
Russia
withhold its veto. Meanwhile, Turchynov issued a deadline to the pro-Russian insurgents to disarm and dismantle their barricades, but the deadline passed without incident.[37] Before he issued a deadline, which was scheduled for 9 am,[38] he tried to negotiate with insurgents and even proposed to hold referendum on the same day as elections which will be on 25 May. His proposition was questioned by journalists who feared that the referendum might be sabotaged by pro- Russia
Russia
insurgents.[39] On 20 April 2014, Turchinov covertly ordered Dmytro Yarosh to lead 20 Right Sector
Right Sector
members to sabotage a separatist-controlled television tower, leading to the first combat fatalities of the Siege of Sloviansk, according to an interview given by Dmytro Yarosh on 22 April 2016.[40][41] Petro Poroshenko
Petro Poroshenko
was elected President of Ukraine
President of Ukraine
on 25 May 2014.[42][43][44][45][46] Poroshenko was sworn in as Ukrainian President on 7 June 2014, this ended the presidential powers of Turchynov.[13] On 10 September 2014, Turchynov became founding member the new party People's Front.[20] On 21 September 2014, he said that Russia
Russia
doesn't admits that their soldiers are fighting in Ukraine. He also stated that Russia
Russia
is the main aggressor and that during the conflict his nation have lost over 1,000 lives with 100s missing. During the same Facebook
Facebook
message he compared the conflict to the butterflies, a metaphor to one of Ray Bradbury's works.[47] Turchynov was elected his party's faction leader on 27 November 2014.[48] On 16 December 2014, President Poroshenko appointed Turchynov as Secretary of the National Security and Defence Council of Ukraine.[8] Business activity[edit] According to the journalistic investigation, Turchinov's mother-in-law, Tamara Beliba, owns the largest data center in the Baltic states
Baltic states
— MC-office. Beliba owns the Ekonomikos Institutas company, which owns a data center located in Kaunas, Lithuania. The total volume of investments was $ 200 million.[49][50][51] Controversies[edit] In June 2003, the Deputy Prosecutor General of Ukraine
Ukraine
Viktor Shokin announced his intention to send the proposal to the Ukrainian Parliament an idea to bringing to trial the deputies Alexander Turchinov, Stepan Khmara and Nikolai Rudkovsky. According to Shokin, the People’s deputies were insulting and beating the staff of the Lukyanivska Prison. Deputies demanded the release of Gennady Tymoshenko and Antonina Bolyura. They were incriminated with three cases of the Criminal code: “Capturing state buildings”, “Threat to law enforcement officers”, and “Excess of power with the use of weapons and verbal insulting of law enforcement officers.”[52][53][54] On September 13, 2003, tax officials detained at the office of the “Fatherland” party Ruslan Lukyanchuk, one of the assistants of Oleksandr Turchynov. He was charged with involvement in illegal currency exchange. The Prosecutor General of Ukraine
Ukraine
Svyatoslav Piskun then stated that the detention of Turchynov’s assistant was part of a planned process of initiating a criminal case. According to Piskun, about hundreds of thousands of illegally converted dollars were sent to the office of the “Fatherland” party.[55] In February 2006 state prosecutors opened a criminal case against Turchynov and his SBU deputy Andriy Kozhemyakin for destroying a file about FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitive, organized crime boss Semyon Mogilevich, from the SBU archive. The case was dismissed four months later.[56] WikiLeaks
WikiLeaks
documents mention Turchynov, then head of Ukraine's SBU, as having destroyed documents implicating Yulia Tymoshenko's alleged connections to Mogilevich.[57] According to the Komsomolskaya Pravda
Komsomolskaya Pravda
in Ukraine
Ukraine
newspaper referring to deputy mayor of Kiev
Kiev
Leonid Chernovetskiy, Mr. Turchynov is related to unlawful construction in the Landscape Valley (Peyzazhna aleya) district of Kiev. In autumn of 2004 the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine
Ukraine
signed an investment contract with JSC Ukrainian Property (OAO “Ukrayinsʹke mayno”) on the construction of an apartment building in this district. With this the share of the MFA in the project made just 20%. The Ministry actually became a cover for the businessmen. As of the 1 January, 2007, 91.1% of the JSC Ukrainian Property shares belonged to Eclad Invest Ltd. (USA), and 8.2% to Valery Kovalenko. Previously, the shares of JSC Ukrainian Property belonged to JSC Financial holding “L-Holding”, the largest shareholder of which was JSC Centre of Financial Technologies. Oleksandr Turchinov owned 26.2% of the shares of this company.[58][59] On April 23, 2008, the Kiev
Kiev
District Administrative Court ruled that Oleksandr Turchinov had no personal relationship with the construction of the Landscape Valley.[60] In 2005, Oleksandr Turchinov ordered to organize an illegal wiretapping of the journalist of Segodnya newspaper Oleksandr Korchinsky. This fact was made public at a press conference by Viktor Shokin, former Prosecutor General of Ukraine. The telephone of the journalist was tapped from June 25 to July 12, 2005. Turchinov personally took this decision. The journalist’s phone was bugged without sanctions of the court.[61][62][63] On 14 March 2006, the Prosecutor General's Office of Ukraine
Ukraine
have opened a criminal case on the fact of illegal wiretapping of senior officials. Most of these wiretapping took place in 2005, when Oleksandr Turchynov
Oleksandr Turchynov
was the head of SSU.[64][65] Non-official activities[edit] In 2004 Turchynov published a book Illusion of Fear.[21] In 2005 he also wrote a script to the same name movie that is based on the book.[66] The movie was released in Ukraine
Ukraine
in September 2008 and was the 2008 Ukrainian submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film.[67] Personal life[edit] His wife is Hanna Turchynova (born 1970), PhD, Head of Foreign Languages at National Pedagogical Dragomanov University. They have one son, Kyrylo (born 1994), a student that finished his master's degree thesis in 2014.[68] Turchynov is known for abstaining from tobacco and alcohol.[69] He is part of the 1% of Ukraine's population that identify as being Protestant. Although some in the media have reported that he is a pastor,[70][71][72] the Associated Baptist
Baptist
Press and the European Baptist
Baptist
Federation report[69][73] that he is an elder and occasional lay preacher at his Kiev
Kiev
church, the Word of Life Center, which is a member of the Evangelical Baptist
Baptist
Union of Ukraine.[21]

References[edit]

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Ukraine
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Russia
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talks set to open without pro-Russian separatists". The Washington Post. 14 May 2014. Retrieved 29 May 2014.  ^ " Ukraine
Ukraine
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Russia
cynically doesn't admit in front of its people, that their soldiers are fighting in Ukraine]. Segodnya. 21 September 2014. Retrieved 26 September 2014.  ^ (in Ukrainian) In Parliament created a faction, Ukrayinska Pravda (27 November 2014) ^ "Украиной рулят девять уголовников и клиент психбольницы" (in Russian). Komsomolskaya Pravda. 24 April 2014. Retrieved 4 April 2018.  ^ "Теща Турчинова строит огромный дата-центр в Литве" (in Russian). Ukrainian News Agency. 4 May 2017. Retrieved 4 April 2018.  ^ Maxim Opanasenko (4 May 2017). "Теща Турчинова пов'язала голову РНБО з величезним дата-центром у Литві" (in Ukrainian). bihus.info. Retrieved 4 April 2018.  ^ "Генпрокуратура планирует привлечь к уголовной ответственности депутатов, штурмовавших СИЗО" (in Russian). podrobnosti.ua. 27 July 2003. Retrieved 2 April 2018.  ^ "Генпрокуратура хочет привлечь к ответственности трех депутатов Верховной Рады (обновлено)" (in Russian). Korrespondent.net. 27 July 2003. Retrieved 2 April 2018.  ^ "Турчинов, Хмара, Рудьковский — криминальные хулиганы?" (in Russian). Ukrayinska Pravda. 27 July 2003. Retrieved 2 April 2018.  ^ "Возбуждено уголовное дело против Турчинова" (in Russian). podrobnosti.ua. 2 October 2002. Retrieved 27 March 2018.  ^ Byrne, Peter (10 December 2010). "New and conflicting details emerge over Mogilevich's alleged involvement in nation". Kyiv Post. Archived from the original on 14 December 2010. Retrieved 15 December 2010.  ^ Peter Byrne (10 December 2010). "New and conflicting details emerge over Mogilevich's alleged involvement in nation". Kyiv Post. Archived from the original on 3 October 2012. Retrieved 23 February 2014.  ^ "СМИ: Турчинов причастен к незаконной застройке на Пейзажной аллее" (in Russian). from-ua.com. 7 May 2008. Retrieved 19 March 2018.  ^ "Стройку на Пейзажной аллее инициировал Турчинов – Кильчицкая" (in Russian). Segodnya. 17 April 2008. Retrieved 19 March 2018.  ^ "Суд установил, что Турчинов на Пейзажной аллее ничего не строит" (in Russian). UNIAN. 23 April 2008. Retrieved 19 March 2018.  ^ "Турчинов считает свое уголовное дело политически заказанным" (in Russian). UNIAN. 23 April 2006. Retrieved 16 March 2018.  ^ Irina Rybinskaya (25 March 2006). "Сбу слушала журналиста «сегодня» по санкции суда — внеся на него представление как на сотрудника правоохранительных органов" (in Russian). fakty.ua. Retrieved 16 March 2018.  ^ "БЮТ хочет поменять Генпрокуратуру" (in Russian). korrespondent.net. 5 June 2006. Retrieved 16 March 2018.  ^ Ivanna Gorina (16 March 2006). "На Украине подслушали послов" (in Russian). Rossiyskaya Gazeta. Retrieved 30 March 2018.  ^ "Олег Рыбачук: «К сожалению, уже после победы «оранжевой» власти были факты прослушивания высших должностных лиц государства»" (in Russian). fakty.ua. 14 March 2006. Retrieved 30 March 2018.  ^ "'Illusion of Fear' from Turchynov". Kyiv Post. 22 May 2008. Archived from the original on 25 February 2014. Retrieved 6 April 2012.  ^ " Ukraine
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Government offices

Preceded by Ihor Smeshko Director of the Security Service 2005 Succeeded by Ihor Drizhchany

Political offices

Preceded by Mykola Azarov Deputy Prime Minister of Ukraine 2007–2010 Succeeded by Andriy Klyuyev

Preceded by Yulia Tymoshenko Prime Minister of Ukraine Acting 2010 Succeeded by Mykola Azarov

Preceded by Serhiy Arbuzov Acting Prime Minister of Ukraine Acting 2014 Succeeded by Arseniy Yatsenyuk

Preceded by Volodymyr Rybak Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada 2014 Succeeded by Volodymyr Groysman

Preceded by Viktor Yanukovych President of Ukraine Acting 2014 Succeeded by Petro Poroshenko

Preceded by Andriy Parubiy Secretary of the National Security and Defense Council 2014–present Incumbent

v t e

President of Ukraine

List of Presidents

Leonid Kravchuk Leonid Kuchma Viktor Yushchenko Viktor Yanukovych Oleksandr Turchynov
Oleksandr Turchynov
(acting) Petro Poroshenko

History

Hetman of Zaporizhian Host Hetman of Ukraine President of Ukraine
President of Ukraine
(in exile)

Inauguration

Peresopnytsia Gospel Symbols

Bulava Flag Collar Seal

First Lady

Residences

Mariyinsky Palace House with Chimaeras House of the Weeping Widow

Elections

1991 1994 1999 2004 2010 2014 2019

Administration and supporting agencies

"Security bloc"

National Security and Defense Council Procurator General* Foreign Intelligence Service Derzhspetszviazok Security Service of Ukraine* Administration of State Security General Staff Pardons Commission

"Administrative bloc"

Anti-Monopoly Committee* State Property Fund* State Committee on Television and Radio broadcasting* Public Humanitarian Council National Institute of Strategic Research National Academy of State Administration

Supporting

Administration

building

Constitutional Assembly of Ukraine Representatives

Crimea

State Management of Affairs

(*) approved by parliament

v t e

Leaders of Ukraine

Ukrainian People's Republic

(1917–1920)

Mykhailo Hrushevsky Volodymyr Vynnychenko Symon Petliura
Symon Petliura
(Holovnyi Otaman)

West Ukrainian People's Republic

(1918–1919)

Kost Levytsky Yevhen Petrushevych

Hetmanate

(1918)

Pavlo Skoropadskyi

Ukrainian People's Republic1

(1920–1992)

Andriy Livytskyi Stepan Vytvytskyi Mykola Livytskyi Mykola Plaviuk

Ukrainian National Council2

(1941)

Kost Levytsky

Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic3

(1922–1991)

Georgy Pyatakov Stanislav Kosior Dmitry Manuilsky Emmanuil Kviring Lazar Kaganovich Stanislav Kosior Nikita Khrushchev Lazar Kaganovich Nikita Khrushchev Leonid Melnikov Alexei Kirichenko Nikolai Podgorny Petro Shelest Volodymyr Shcherbytsky Volodymyr Ivashko Stanislav Hurenko

Ukraine

(since 1991)

Leonid Kravchuk Leonid Kuchma Viktor Yushchenko Viktor Yanukovych Oleksandr Turchynov
Oleksandr Turchynov
(Acting) Petro Poroshenko

1Presidents of the Ukrainian People's Republic
Ukrainian People's Republic
in exile.   2 Chairman of the Ukrainian National Council.   3First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic.

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Prime Ministers of Ukraine

List of Prime Ministers of Ukraine

Ukrainian People's Republic (1917–1920)

Volodymyr Vynnychenko Vsevolod Holubovych Mykola Vasylenko1 Fedir Lyzohub Serhii Gerbel Volodymyr Chekhivsky Serhii Ostapenko Borys Martos Isaak Mazepa Vyacheslav Prokopovych

Council of Ministers

Yevgenia Bosch1 Mykola Skrypnyk Georgy Pyatakov Christian Rakovsky Vlas Chubar Panas Lyubchenko Mykhailo Bondarenko Mykola Marchak1 Demyan Korotchenko Leonid Korniyets Nikita Khrushchev Demyan Korotchenko Nikifor Kalchenko Volodymyr Shcherbytsky Ivan Kazanets Volodymyr Shcherbytsky Oleksandr Liashko Vitaliy Masol Vitold Fokin

Government (in exile)

Yaroslav-Bohdan Rudnytsky Ivan Samiylenko

Cabinet of Ministers

Vitold Fokin Valentyn Symonenko1 Leonid Kuchma Yukhym Zvyahilsky1 Vitaliy Masol Yevhen Marchuk Pavlo Lazarenko Vasyl Durdynets1 Valeriy Pustovoitenko Viktor Yushchenko Anatoliy Kinakh Viktor Yanukovych Mykola Azarov1 Viktor Yanukovych Mykola Azarov1 Yulia Tymoshenko Yuriy Yekhanurov Viktor Yanukovych Yulia Tymoshenko Oleksandr Turchynov1 Mykola Azarov Serhiy Arbuzov1 Oleksandr Turchynov1 Arseniy Yatsenyuk Volodymyr Groysman

1 denotes acting

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National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine

Permanent members

President (chair) Secretary* Prime Minister Minister of Defence Head of the Security Service Minister of Internal Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

Invited members

Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada Prosecutor General Chairman of the National Bank Minister of Justice Minister of Finance Chief of the Foreign Intelligence Service Head of the Presidential Administration Chief of the General Staff

Secretaries

Volodymyr Horbulin Yevhen Marchuk Volodymyr Radchenko Petro Poroshenko Anatoliy Kinakh Volodymyr Horbulin
Volodymyr Horbulin
(acting) Vitaliy Haiduk Ivan Plyushch Raisa Bogatyrova Andriy Klyuyev Andriy Parubiy Oleksandr Turchynov

Secretary performs special functions and is not official member

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Verkhovna Rada

Main topics

Chairman

list

Presidium

1938-1996

People's Deputy of Ukraine Committees Accounting Chamber Ombudsman National Parliamentary Library Verkhovna Rada
Verkhovna Rada
building

Members

Ukraine

1st

members, 1990–94

2nd

members, 1994–98

3rd

members, 1998–2002

4th

members, 2002–06

5th

members, 2006–07

6th

members, 2007–12

7th

members, 2012–14

8th

members, 2014–19

Ukainian SSR

1st

members, 1938–1947

2nd

members, 1947–1951

3rd

members, 1951–1955

4th

members, 1955–1959

5th

members, 1959–1963

6th

members, 1963–1967

7th

members, 1967–1971

8th

members, 1971–1975

9th

members, 1975–1980

10th

members, 1980–1985

11th

members, 1985–1990

List of chairmen

Ukraine

Ivan Plyushch Oleksandr Moroz Oleksandr Tkachenko Ivan Plyushch Volodymyr Lytvyn Oleksandr Moroz Arseniy Yatsenyuk Oleksandr Lavrynovych
Oleksandr Lavrynovych
(acting) Volodymyr Lytvyn Volodymyr Rybak Oleksandr Turchynov Volodymyr Groysman Andriy Parubiy

Ukrainian SSR

Mykhailo Burmystenko Oleksandr Korniychuk Pavlo Tychyna Oleksandr Korniychuk Mykhailo Bilyi Kostiantyn Sytnyk Platon Kostiuk Volodymyr Ivashko Leonid Kravchuk

Presidium

Leonid Korniets Mykhailo Hrechukha Demyan Korotchenko Oleksandr Lyashko Ivan Hrushetsky Oleksiy Vatchenko Valentyna Shevchenko Volodymyr Ivashko Leonid Kravchuk Ivan Plyushch Oleksandr Moroz

Historic predecessors

Central Council of Ukraine All-Ukrainian Congress of Soviets

Central Executive Committee of Ukraine

Ukrainian Constituent Assembly never realized) Labor Congress of Ukraine Soim

Carpatho-Ukraine

Ukrainian National Council

West Ukraine

Council of Republic

See also

Politics of Ukraine Political parties in Ukraine Elections in Ukraine

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Euromaidan

Part of the Ukrainian crisis

Main topics

Timeline of the Euromaidan Domestic responses to the Euromaidan International reactions to the Euromaidan List of people killed during Euromaidan Order of the Heavenly Hundred Heroes Damaged communist monuments

Main events

1 December 2013 riots Fall of the monument to Lenin in Kiev 11 December 2013 assault Ukrainian–Russian action plan Anti-Maidan Vasylkiv terrorists case Anti-protest laws in Ukraine 2014 Hrushevskoho Street riots 2014 RSA occupations Agreement on settlement of political crisis in Ukraine 2014 Ukrainian revolution

Aftermath

2014 pro-Russian unrest

Timeline

Russian military intervention 2014 annexation of Crimea by Russia

Timeline

War in Donbass

Timeline

First Yatsenyuk government Lustration in Ukraine

Elections

2014 Ukrainian presidential election 2014 Ukrainian local elections 2014 Kiev
Kiev
local election 2014 Crimean status referendum 2014 Donbass status referendums 2014 Ukrainian parliamentary election

Main places

Maidan Nezalezhnosti Khreshchatyk Lypky Bankova Street European Square Hrushevskoho Street Dynamo Stadium Kiev
Kiev
City Council Trade Unions Building Ukrainian House Mezhyhirya Mariinsky Park October Palace Kiev
Kiev
Conservatory

European integration

Ukraine–European Union relations Eastern Partnership European Union Association Agreement

Ukraine–European Union Association Agreement

Constitution of Ukraine

Protest figures

Organizations

Maidan People's Union Parliamentary opposition parties

Batkivshchyna Svoboda UDAR

Other parties

Congress of Ukrainian Nationalists Democratic Alliance UNA–UNSO

Civic organizations

AutoMaidan Road Control Vidsich

Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar People Militant groups

Right Sector Spilna Sprava

Lead figures

Vitali Klitschko Arseniy Yatsenyuk Oleh Tyahnybok Petro Poroshenko Yuriy Lutsenko Oleksandr Turchynov Yulia Tymoshenko Andriy Parubiy Andriy Sadovyi Arsen Avakov Ruslana Tetiana Chornovol Dmytro Bulatov Dmytro Yarosh Refat Chubarov

Anti-protest figures

Organizations

Second Azarov government Ministry of Internal Affairs Internal Troops of Ukraine Security Service of Ukraine Berkut Party of Regions Titushky Night Wolves Don Cossacks

Lead figures

Viktor Yanukovych Mykola Azarov Serhiy Arbuzov Vitaliy Zakharchenko Oleksandr Yefremov Andriy Klyuyev Hennadiy Kernes Mykhailo Dobkin Viktor Pshonka Olena Lukash Yuriy Boyko Leonid Kozhara Dmytro Tabachnyk Oleksandr Klymenko

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Annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation
Annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation
/ 2014 Crimean crisis

Part of the: 2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine

timeline

Russian military intervention in Ukraine Ukrainian crisis

Main topics

Timeline International reaction List of military units International sanctions

List of sanctioned individuals List of companies that applied sanctions

2014 anti-war protests in Russia Reaction of Russian intelligentsia 2014 Crimean status referendum UN General Assembly Resolution 68/262 Declaration of Independence Republic of Crimea 2014 Constitution of Crimea Political status Crimean Federal District Crimean speech of Vladimir Putin Medal "For the Return of Crimea" 2014 Simferopol
Simferopol
incident

Background

History of Crimea 1783 annexation by Russian Empire 1921–45 Crimean ASSR 1944 deportation of the Crimean Tatars 1945–91 Crimean Oblast 1954 transfer of Crimea 1991–92 Crimean ASSR Autonomous Republic of Crimea
Republic of Crimea
(since 1992) 1994–95 President of Crimea

Yuriy Meshkov

1994 Budapest Memorandum 1997 Partition Treaty 1998 Constitution of Crimea 2003 Tuzla Island
Tuzla Island
conflict 2006 anti-NATO protests in Feodosia 2010 Kharkiv
Kharkiv
Pact 2012 law on languages 2013–14 Euromaidan 2014 Ukrainian revolution 40th G7 summit

Main places

Simferopol

Simferopol
Simferopol
Airport Building of the Supreme Council of Crimea

Sevastopol

Belbek Airport

Kerch Strait Bridge Donuzlav

Ochakov scuttling

Perevalne Armyansk Dzhankoy Chonhar Port Krym Strilkove Arabat Spit Novofedorivka

Crimea / Russia

Organizations

Supreme Council of Crimea Council of Ministers of Crimea Sevastopol
Sevastopol
City Council Russian Armed Forces

Black Sea Fleet Russian Airborne Troops

Crimean Berkut Russian Unity Night Wolves Kuban Cossacks Ukrainian Choice

Lead figures (Crimea)

Sergey Aksyonov Vladimir Konstantinov Natalia Poklonskaya Rustam Temirgaliev Denis Berezovsky Aleksei Chaly Igor Besler

Lead figures (Russia)

Vladimir Putin Dmitry Medvedev Sergey Shoygu Vladislav Surkov Sergey Lavrov Valery Gerasimov Igor Sergun Aleksandr Vitko Oleg Belaventsev Rustam Minnikhanov

Ukraine

Organizations

Yatsenyuk government Parliamentary parties

Batkivshchyna Svoboda UDAR

Armed Forces of Ukraine

Ukrainian Ground Forces Ukrainian Navy National Guard of Ukraine

Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar People Right Sector

Lead figures (Ukraine)

Oleksandr Turchynov Arseniy Yatsenyuk Andriy Parubiy Arsen Avakov Valentyn Nalyvaichenko Ihor Tenyukh Mykhailo Kutsyn Serhiy Hayduk Yuliy Mamchur Serhiy Kunitsyn Mustafa Dzhemilev Refat Chubarov

v t e

Ukrainian crisis

General topics

2013–14 Euromaidan

Timeline RSA occupations Anti-Maidan

2014 Ukrainian revolution 2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine

Timeline Historical background

Russian military intervention

War in Donbass

Annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation

Timeline Reaction of Russian intelligentsia

Casualties International sanctions

List of sanctioned people

Media portrayal List of Ukrainian aircraft losses Trilateral Contact Group on Ukraine Little green men Ribbon of Saint George Putin khuylo! Russian embargo of Ukrainian goods Do not buy Russian goods!

Boycott Russian Films

Civil volunteer movement ATO zone Cold War II Civil–military administrations Trolls from Olgino Russian language in Ukraine Decommunization in Ukraine

War in Donbass

Timeline

April–June 2014 July–September 2014 October–December 2014 January–March 2015 April–June 2015 July–September 2015 October–December 2015 January–March 2016 April–June 2016 July–September 2016 October–December 2016 January–March 2017 April–June 2017 July–September 2017 October–December 2017 January 2018–present

Battles

Siege of Sloviansk
Siege of Sloviansk
(12 April – 5 July 2014) Battle of Kramatorsk
Battle of Kramatorsk
(12 April – 5 July 2014) Battle of Mariupol
Mariupol
(6 May – 14 June 2014) 1st Battle of Donetsk
Donetsk
Airport (26–27 May 2014) Siege of the Luhansk Border Base
Siege of the Luhansk Border Base
(2–4 June 2014) Zelenopillya rocket attack (11 July 2014) Battle in Shakhtarsk Raion
Battle in Shakhtarsk Raion
(16 July – 26 August 2014) Battle of Horlivka
Battle of Horlivka
(20 July – 6 September 2014) Battle of Ilovaisk
Battle of Ilovaisk
(10 August – 2 September 2014) Snizhne incident (13 August 2014) Novosvitlivka refugee convoy attack (18 August 2014) Battle of Novoazovsk (25–28 August 2014) Mariupol
Mariupol
offensive (4–8 September 2014) 2nd Battle of Donetsk
Donetsk
Airport (28 September 2014 – 21 January 2015) Battle of Debaltseve
Battle of Debaltseve
(16 January – 20 February 2015) Shyrokyne standoff (10 February – 3 July 2015) Battle of Marinka
Battle of Marinka
(3 June 2015) Battle of Svitlodarsk (18–23 December 2016) Battle of Avdiivka (29 January – 4 February 2017)

Related

Humanitarian situation International reactions

Other events

Crimean status referendum (16 March 2014) Support of Ukraine
Ukraine
Act (3 April 2014) Odessa
Odessa
clashes (2 May 2014) Donbass status referendums (11 May 2014) Ukrainian presidential election (25 May 2014) 40th G7 summit (4–5 June 2014) Ukrainian Air Force Ilyushin Il-76 shoot-down
Ukrainian Air Force Ilyushin Il-76 shoot-down
(14 June 2014) Shelling of Donetsk, Russia
Russia
(13 July 2014) Malaysia Airlines Flight 17
Malaysia Airlines Flight 17
shoot-down (17 July 2014)

reactions

UNSC Resolution 2166 (21 July 2014) NATO summit in Wales (4–5 September 2014) Minsk Protocol
Minsk Protocol
(5 September 2014) Ukrainian parliamentary election (26 October 2014) Donbass general elections (2 November 2014) 2014 G20 Brisbane summit
2014 G20 Brisbane summit
(15–16 November 2014) Volnovakha bus attack
Volnovakha bus attack
(13 January 2015) Donetsk
Donetsk
bus attack (22 January 2015) Mariupol
Mariupol
rocket attack (24 January 2015) Minsk II
Minsk II
ceasefire agreement (12 February 2015) Kharkiv
Kharkiv
bombing (22 February 2015) Ukraine
Ukraine
power grid cyberattack (December 2015) 2017 cyberattacks on Ukraine
Ukraine
(27 June 2017)

Proclaimed states

  Republic of Crimea
Republic of Crimea
(17–18 March 2014)   Donetsk People's Republic
Donetsk People's Republic
(since 7 April 2014)   Luhansk People's Republic
Luhansk People's Republic
(since 27 April 2014)   Novorossiya
Novorossiya
(24 May 2014 – 20 May 2015)

Background

Pre-1917 Novorossiya 1918 Donets-Krivoy Rog Soviet Republic 1918 Taurida Soviet Socialist Republic 1994 Budapest Memorandum 1997 Russian–Ukrainian Friendship Treaty 2004 South-East Ukrainian Autonomous Republic 2012 law on languages 2014 Ukraine–European Union Association Agreement

Main places

Cities

Kiev

Maidan Nezalezhnosti Khreshchatyk

Donetsk

International Airport Donbass Arena Druzhba Arena

Luhansk

International Airport Avanhard Stadium

Kharkiv Odessa Simferopol Sevastopol

Donetsk Oblast

Avdiivka Bakhmut Debaltseve Dobropillia Dokuchaievsk Donetsk Druzhkivka Dzerkalne Horlivka Hrabove Ilovaisk Karlivka Khartsyzk Kirovske Komsomolske Kostiantynivka Kramatorsk Krasnohorivka Lyman Makiivka Marinka Mariupol Mykolaivka Novoazovsk Pisky Pokrovsk Savur-Mohyla Shakhtarsk Siversk Sloviansk Snizhne Soledar Staromykhailivka Svitlodarsk Toretsk Torez Volnovakha Vuhledar Vuhlehirsk Yampil Yasynuvata Yenakiieve Zhdanivka Zuhres

Luhansk Oblast

Alchevsk Antratsyt Brianka Chornukhyne Hirske Izvaryne Kirovsk Krasnodon Krasnyi Luch Luhansk Lutuhyne Lysychansk Metalist Miusynsk Novosvitlivka Oleksandrivsk Pervomaisk Pobieda Popasna Rovenky Rubizhne Shchastya Sievierodonetsk Stakhanov Stanytsia Luhanska Sverdlovsk

(Pro-) Russian

Organizations

Russian Armed Forces Wagner Group Separatist forces

List of equipment Army of the South-East Russian Orthodox Army Vostok Battalion Kalmius Brigade Sparta Battalion Somalia Battalion Prizrak Brigade

Political parties and movements

Donetsk
Donetsk
Republic New Russia
Russia
Party Communist Party of DPR Peace for Lugansk Region Borotba Antifascist Committee of Ukraine Ukrainian Choice Russian-speaking Ukraine The Other Russia Eurasian Youth Union

Night Wolves Don Cossacks

Lead figures

Russian

Vladimir Putin Dmitry Medvedev Vladislav Surkov Sergey Shoygu

Crimean

Sergey Aksyonov Vladimir Konstantinov Natalia Poklonskaya

Donetsk

Vladimir Antyufeyev Eduard Basurin Fyodor Berezin Igor Bezler Alexander Borodai Mikhail Chumachenko Pavel Gubarev Ekaterina Gubareva Igor Kakidzyanov Alexander Khodakovsky Vladimir Kononov Arsen Pavlov† Vyacheslav Ponomarev Andrei Purgin Denis Pushilin Igor Strelkov Mikhail Tolstykh† Alexander Zakharchenko Sergei Zhurikov

Luhansk

Valery Bolotov† Aleksey Karyakin Aleksandr Kharitonov Arsen Klinchaev Sergey Kozlov Aleksey Mozgovoy† Leonid Pasechnik Igor Plotnitsky Gennadiy Tsypkalov†

Others

Aleksandr Dugin Nelya Shtepa Oleg Tsaryov

Ukrainian

Organizations

Government of Ukraine

1st Yatsenyuk 2nd Yatsenyuk Groysman

Ministry of Internal Affairs

National Guard

Azov Donbas

Patrol Police

Dnipro-1 Kharkiv Poltava Sich Svyatyi Mykolai

Armed Forces of Ukraine

Ukrainian Ground Forces

Territorial defense battalions

Aidar Batkivshchyna Dnipro-2 Kharkiv Kryvbas Rukh Oporu

Ukrainian Air Force Ukrainian Airmobile Forces

Security Service of Ukraine

Alpha Group

State Border Guard Service of Ukraine Volunteer battalions

Right Sector Noman Çelebicihan

Lead figures

Petro Poroshenko Oleksandr Turchynov Arseniy Yatsenyuk Volodymyr Groysman Andriy Parubiy Arsen Avakov Vitali Klitschko Oleh Tyahnybok Yuriy Lutsenko Valentyn Nalyvaichenko Valeriy Heletey Stepan Poltorak Mykhailo Koval Mykhailo Kutsyn Oleh Makhnitskyi Viktor Muzhenko Vitaly Yarema Oleh Lyashko Dmytro Yarosh Rinat Akhmetov Ihor Kolomoyskyi Serhiy Taruta Ihor Baluta Semen Semenchenko Hennadiy Moskal Nadiya Savchenko George Tuka Pavlo Zhebrivskyi

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 7344722 LCCN: nr2005004836 ISNI: 0000 0000 5481 0165 GND

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