HOME
The Info List - Olaf Scholz





Olaf Scholz
Olaf Scholz
(German pronunciation: [ˈoːlaf ˈʃɔlts]; born (1958-06-14)14 June 1958) is a German politician serving as Federal Minister of Finance since 14 March 2018 and as Acting Chairman of the Social Democratic Party (SPD) since 13 February 2018. He was First Mayor of Hamburg
Hamburg
from 7 March 2011 to 13 March 2018. A member of the Bundestag
Bundestag
from 1998 to 2001 and again from 2002 to 2011, Scholz was Minister of the Interior of Hamburg
Hamburg
under First Mayor Ortwin Runde
Ortwin Runde
from May to October 2001. He served as Federal Minister of Labour and Social Affairs from 2007 to 2009 and Leader of the Social Democratic Party in Hamburg
Hamburg
from 2000 to 2004 and again since 2009.

Contents

1 Early life and education 2 Political career

2.1 First Mayor of Hamburg, 2011–2018 2.2 Federal Minister of Finance, 2018–present

3 Political positions 4 Other activities

4.1 Corporate boards 4.2 Non-profits

5 Controversy 6 Personal life 7 References

Early life and education[edit] Born in the northwestern city of Osnabrück, Scholz grew up in Hamburg’s Rahlstedt
Rahlstedt
district and studied at the University of Hamburg
Hamburg
to become a lawyer specializing in labour law.[1] Political career[edit] A former Vice President of the International Union of Socialist Youth, Scholz represented Hamburg
Hamburg
Altona in the Bundestag
Bundestag
between 1998 and 2001 as well as between 2002 and 2011. From May to October 2001, he was Minister of the Interior (Innensenator) of Hamburg
Hamburg
under First Mayor Ortwin Runde
Ortwin Runde
and from 2002 to 2004 he was Secretary-General of the SPD; he resigned from that office when Chancellor Gerhard Schröder, facing disaffection within his own party and hampered by persistently low public approval ratings, announced that he would step down as chairman of the Social Democratic Party.[2] Scholz served as the SPD parliamentary group’s spokesperson on the inquiry committee investigating the German Visa Affair in 2005. Following the federal elections later that year, he served as First Parliamentary Secretary of the SPD parliamentary group. In this capacity, he worked closely with the CDU parliamentary floor manager Norbert Röttgen
Norbert Röttgen
to manage and defend the grand coalition led by Chancellor Angela Merkel
Angela Merkel
in parliament.[3] He also served as member of the Parliamentary Oversight Panel (PKGr), which provides parliamentary oversight of Germany’s intelligence services BND, MAD and BfV. In addition, he was a member of the parliamentary body in charge of appointing judges to the Highest Courts of Justice, namely the Federal Court of Justice (BGH), the Federal Administrative Court (BVerwG), the Federal Fiscal Court (BFH), the Federal Labour Court (BAG), and the Federal Social Court (BSG). Scholz succeeded Franz Müntefering
Franz Müntefering
as Federal Minister of Labour and Social Affairs in the first cabinet of Chancellor Angela Merkel, when Müntefering left office in November 2007.[4][5] Following the 2009 elections, Scholz served as deputy chairman of the SPD parliamentary group. Between 2009 and 2011, he served on the group’s Afghanistan/Pakistan Task Force.[6] In 2010 he also participated in the annual Bilderberg Meeting in Sitges, Spain.[7] First Mayor of Hamburg, 2011–2018[edit]

Olaf Scholz
Olaf Scholz
in March 2011

Scholz at the 2015 SPD Congress

Scholz speaking at the Global Citizen Festival
Global Citizen Festival
2017 in Hamburg

On 20 February 2011 the Social Democrats led by Scholz won the 2011 Hamburg
Hamburg
state election with 48.3% of the votes, resulting in 62 out of 121 seats in the Hamburg
Hamburg
Parliament.[8] Scholz resigned as a member of the seventeenth Bundestag
Bundestag
on 11 March 2011 shortly after his election as First Mayor; Dorothee Stapelfeldt, also a Social Democrat, was made Deputy First Mayor. On 7 June 2011, Scholz attended the state dinner hosted by President Barack Obama
Barack Obama
in honor of Chancellor Angela Merkel
Angela Merkel
at the White House.[9] As host of Hamburg’s annual St. Matthias' Day banquet for the city’s civic and business leaders, he has invited several high-ranking guests of honour to the city, including Prime Minister Jean-Marc Ayrault
Jean-Marc Ayrault
of France
France
(2013), Prime Minister David Cameron
David Cameron
of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
(2016), and Prime Minister Justin Trudeau
Justin Trudeau
of Canada (2017).[10] In 2013, Scholz opposed a public initiative aiming at a complete buyback of energy grids Hamburg
Hamburg
had sold to utilities Vattenfall Europe AG and E.ON
E.ON
decades before; he argued this would overburden the city, whose debt pile stood at more than 20 billion euros at the time.[11] Scholz participated in the exploratory talks between the CDU, CSU and SPD parties to form a coalition government following the 2013 federal elections.[12] In the subsequent negotiations, he led the SPD delegation in the financial policy working group; his co-chair from the CDU/CSU was Finance Minister Wolfgang Schäuble.[13] Alongside fellow Social Democrats Jörg Asmussen
Jörg Asmussen
and Thomas Oppermann, Scholz was considered a possible successor to Schäuble in the post of finance minister at the time.[14] In a paper compiled in late 2014, Scholz and Schäuble proposed redirecting revenue from the so-called solidarity surcharge on income and corporate tax (Solidaritätszuschlag) to subsidize the federal states’ interest payments.[15] Since January 2015, he has been serving as Commissioner of the Federal Republic of Germany
Germany
for Cultural Affairs under the Treaty on Franco-German Cooperation.[16] Under Scholz’ leadership, the Social Democrats handily won the 2015 state elections in Hamburg, receiving around 47 percent of the vote.[17] His coalition government with the Green Party – with Green leader Katharina Fegebank
Katharina Fegebank
serving as Deputy First Mayor – was sworn in on 15 April 2015. In 2015, Scholz led Hamburg’s bid to host the 2024 Summer Olympics at an estimated budget of 11.2 billion euros ($12.6 billion), competing against Los Angeles, Paris, Rome
Rome
and Budapest;[18] the citizens of Hamburg, however, later rejected the candidacy in a referendum, with more than half voting against the project.[19] In 2015, Scholz – alongside Minister-President
Minister-President
Torsten Albig
Torsten Albig
of Schleswig-Holstein
Schleswig-Holstein
– negotiated a restructuring deal with the European Commission
European Commission
that allowed the German regional lender HSH Nordbank to offload 6.2 billion euros in troubled assets – mainly non-performing ship loans – onto its government majority owners and avoid being shut down, saving around 2,500 jobs.[20] Federal Minister of Finance, 2018–present[edit] On 14 March 2018, Olaf Scholz
Olaf Scholz
became Federal Minister of Finance.[21] Political positions[edit] Within his party, Scholz is widely regarded as part of the conservative wing.[22] After the 2017 national elections, Scholz was publicly critical of party leader Martin Schulz’s strategy and messaging, releasing a paper titled “No excuses! Answer new questions for the future! Clear principles!” With his proposals for reforming the party, he was widely interpreted to position himself as a potential challenger (or successor) to Schulz within the SPD. In the weeks after his party first started weighing a return to government, Scholz urged compromise and was one of the SPD members more inclined toward another grand coalition.[23] Other activities[edit] Corporate boards[edit]

HafenCity
HafenCity
Hamburg
Hamburg
GmbH, ex-officio Chairman of the Supervisory Board Hamburger Marketing Gesellschaft mbH (HMG GmbH), ex-officio Chairman of the Supervisory Board

Non-profits[edit]

Stiftung Lebendige Stadt, Member of the Board of Trustees (since 2009) Deutsche Nationalstiftung, Member of the Senate[24] Deutsches Museum, Member of the Board of Trustees Hamburg
Hamburg
Leuchtfeuer, Member of the Board of Trustees Herbert and Elsbeth Weichmann Foundation, Member of the Board of Trustees Übersee-Club, Member of the Board of Trustees ZDF, Member of the Board of Directors German Council on Foreign Relations
German Council on Foreign Relations
(DGAP), Chairman of the Task Force on International Aviation Policy[25] Food, Beverages and Catering Union
Food, Beverages and Catering Union
(NGG), Member ZDF, Member of the Television Board (2002-2010) Policy Network, Member of the Board (2002-2007)

Controversy[edit] When Die Tageszeitung
Die Tageszeitung
interviewed Scholz, then serving as secretary general of the ruling SPD, during a 2003 party conference, he later demanded massive changes and threatened to pull the entire piece. When the editors said they would go ahead and publish it without authorization, Scholz warned that the paper would be excluded from all future SPD background talks.[26] The newspaper published the interview with all of Scholz's answers blacked, and the paper's editor-in-chief Bascha Mika condemned his behavior as a "betrayal of the claim to a free press, a betrayal of the journalist's self-definition, a betrayal of the reader."[27] Scholz was criticized for his handling of the riots that took place during 2017 G20
G20
summit in Hamburg; Mayor Scholz apologized to residents, but refused to resign.[28] Personal life[edit] Olaf Scholz
Olaf Scholz
is married to Britta Ernst (born 1961); they have no children. She is also a politician (SPD). References[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Olaf Scholz.

^ Guy Chazan (9 February 2018), Olaf Scholz, a sound guardian for Germany’s finances Financial Times. ^ Richard Bernstein (7 February 2004), [1] New York Times. ^ Sebastian Fischer (13 November 2007), Müntefering Resignation: Merkel Loses 'Mr. Grand Coalition' Spiegel Online. ^ Andreas Cremer and Brian Parkin, "Muentefering, Vice-Chancellor Under Merkel, Quits", Bloomberg.com, 13 November 2007. ^ "Merkel defends record as Germany's tense governing coalition hits 2-year mark", Associated Press, 21 November 2007. ^ Olaf Scholz
Olaf Scholz
SPD Parliamentary Group. ^ Official Bilderberg Meeting Website Archived 2010-06-17 at the Wayback Machine. ^ AICGS Coverage of the 2011 Land Elections Archived 16 March 2011 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Expected Attendees at Tonight's State Dinner Office of the First Lady of the United States, press release of 7 June 2011. ^ Josh Wingrove (17 February 2017), Trudeau Stresses Fair Wages, Tax Compliance in Warning to Europe Bloomberg News. ^ Nicholas Brautlecht (23 September 2013), Hamburg
Hamburg
Backs EU2 Billion Buyback of Power Grids in Plebiscite Bloomberg News. ^ Arne Delfs and Patrick Donahue (30 September 2013), Germany
Germany
Sets Coalition Talks Date as Weeks of Bartering Loom Bloomberg News. ^ Patrick Donahue (28 October 2013), Merkel Enters Concrete SPD Talks as Finance Post Looms Bloomberg News. ^ Rainer Buergin and Birgit Jennen (20 September 2013), Schaeuble Seen Keeping Finance Post Even in SPD Coalition Bloomberg News. ^ Rainer Buergin (4 March 2015), Merkel Weighs End of Reunification Tax for East Germany
Germany
Bloomberg Business. ^ Scholz Bevollmächtigter für deutsch-französische Kulturzusammenarbeit Die Welt, 21 January 2015. ^ Caroline Copley (15 February 2015), Merkel's Conservatives Suffer Blow in State Vote, Eurosceptics Gain New York Times. ^ Hamburg
Hamburg
mayor: our Olympics will cost $12.6bn, less than London 2012 The Guardian, 8 October 2015. ^ Karolos Grohmann (29 November 2015), Hamburg
Hamburg
drops 2024 Games bid after referendum defeat Reuters. ^ Arno Schuetze and Foo Yun Chee (27 May 2015), HSH Nordbank
HSH Nordbank
strikes rescue deal with EU Reuters. ^ http://www.ndr.de/nachrichten/hamburg/Fegebank-uebernimmt-Senat-kommissarisch,scholz1572.html ^ Guy Chazan (9 February 2018), Olaf Scholz, a sound guardian for Germany’s finances Financial Times. ^ Emily Schultheis (5 January 2018), 8 key players in Germany’s coalition talks Politico Europe. ^ Senate, Deutsche Nationalstiftung. ^ Study Groups, Discussion Groups and Task Forces German Council on Foreign Relations. ^ Moritz Schuller (7 September 2003), The right to revise The Guardian ^ Ben Knight (19 January 2016), Time to end interview authorization in Germany? Deutsche Welle ^ Guy Chazan (9 February 2018), Olaf Scholz, a sound guardian for Germany’s finances Financial Times.

Party political offices

Preceded by Franz Müntefering Secretary General of the Social Democratic Party 2002–2004 Succeeded by Klaus Uwe Benneter

Preceded by Martin Schulz Leader of the Social Democratic Party Acting 2018–present Incumbent

Political offices

Preceded by Franz Müntefering Minister of Labour and Social Affairs 2007–2009 Succeeded by Franz Josef Jung

Preceded by Christoph Ahlhaus First Mayor of Hamburg 2011–2018 Succeeded by Peter Tschentscher

Preceded by Sigmar Gabriel Vice Chancellor of Germany 2018–present Incumbent

Preceded by Peter Altmaier Acting Minister of Finance 2018–present Incumbent

v t e

Current Finance Ministers of the Group of 8

Morneau Le Maire Scholz Padoan Asō Siluanov (suspended) Hammond Mnuchin Moscovici

v t e

Current finance ministers of the G20

 Caputo  Morrison  Meirelles  Morneau  Liu  Moscovici  Le Maire  Scholz  Jaitley  Indrawati  Padoan  Asō  González  Siluanov  Jadaan  Nene  Kim  Ağbal  Hammond  Mnuchin

v t e

Eurogroup

President: Centeno

  Löger   Van Overtveldt   Georgiades   Tõniste   Orpo   Le Maire   Scholz   Tsakalotos   Donohoe   Padoan   Reizniece-Ozola   Šapoka   Gramegna   Scicluna   Hoekstra   Centeno   Kažimír   Erman   Escolano

Draghi (European Central Bank) Moscovici (European Commission) Vijlbrief (Council of the European Union)

European Union
European Union
Portal

v t e

Finance Ministers of Germany

German Empire (1871–1918)

Adolf von Scholz Franz Emil Emanuel von Burchard Karl Rudolf Jacobi Baron Helmuth von Maltzahn Arthur von Posadowsky-Wehner Max Franz Guido von Thielmann Baron Hermann von Stengel Reinhold Sydow Adolf Wermuth Hermann Kühn Karl Helfferich Siegfried von Roedern

Weimar Republic (1918–1933)

Eugen Schiffer Bernhard Dernburg Matthias Erzberger Joseph Wirth Andreas Hermes Rudolf Hilferding Hans Luther Otto von Schlieben Hans Luther Peter Reinhold Heinrich Köhler Rudolf Hilferding Paul Moldenhauer Heinrich Brüning Hermann Dietrich

Third Reich (1933–1945)

Lutz Graf Schwerin von Krosigk

East Germany (1949–1990)

Hans Loch Willy Rumpf Siegfried Böhm Werner Schmieder Ernst Höfner Uta Nickel Walter Romberg Werner Skowron

Federal Republic of Germany (1949–)

Fritz Schäffer Franz Etzel Heinz Starke Rolf Dahlgrün Kurt Schmücker Franz Josef Strauss Alex Möller Karl Schiller Helmut Schmidt Hans Apel Hans Matthöfer Manfred Lahnstein Gerhard Stoltenberg Theo Waigel Oskar Lafontaine Hans Eichel Peer Steinbrück Wolfgang Schäuble Peter Altmaier(Acting) Olaf Scholz

v t e

Chairmen of the Social Democratic Party of Germany

SPD (1890–1933)

Paul Singer / Alwin Gerisch August Bebel
August Bebel
/ Paul Singer August Bebel
August Bebel
/ Hugo Haase Hugo Haase
Hugo Haase
/ Friedrich Ebert Friedrich Ebert Friedrich Ebert
Friedrich Ebert
/ Philipp Scheidemann Otto Wels
Otto Wels
/ Herman Müller Arthur Crispien / Otto Wels
Otto Wels
/ Herman Müller Arthur Crispien / Otto Wels Arthur Crispien / Otto Wels
Otto Wels
/ Hans Vogel

SPD-in-exile (1933–1945)

Otto Wels
Otto Wels
/ Hans Vogel Hans Vogel

SPD (since 1946)

Kurt Schumacher Erich Ollenhauer Willy Brandt Hans-Jochen Vogel Björn Engholm Rudolf Scharping Oskar Lafontaine Gerhard Schröder Franz Müntefering Matthias Platzeck Kurt Beck Franz Müntefering Sigmar Gabriel Martin Schulz Olaf Scholz
Olaf Scholz
(Acting)

v t e

First Mayors of Hamburg
Hamburg
since 1861

under the 1860 constitution (1861–1918)

Nicolaus Binder Friedrich Sieveking (1) Ferdinand Haller (1) Friedrich Sieveking (2) Ferdinand Haller (2) Friedrich Sieveking (3) Gustav Kirchenpauer (1) Ferdinand Haller (3) Gustav Kirchenpauer (2) Ferdinand Haller (4) Hermann Gossler Gustav Kirchenpauer (3) Carl F. Petersen (1) Gustav Kirchenpauer (4) Hermann Weber (1) Carl F. Petersen (2) Gustav Kirchenpauer (5) Hermann Weber (2) Carl F. Petersen (3) Gustav Kirchenpauer (6) Hermann Weber (3) Carl F. Petersen (4) Gustav Kirchenpauer (7) Johannes Versmann
Johannes Versmann
(1) Carl F. Petersen (5) Johann Georg Mönckeberg
Johann Georg Mönckeberg
(1) Johannes Versmann
Johannes Versmann
(2) Carl F. Petersen (6) Johann Georg Mönckeberg
Johann Georg Mönckeberg
(2) Johannes Versmann
Johannes Versmann
(3) Johannes Lehmann (1) Johann Georg Mönckeberg
Johann Georg Mönckeberg
(3) Johannes Versmann
Johannes Versmann
(4) Johannes Lehmann (2) Johann Georg Mönckeberg
Johann Georg Mönckeberg
(4) Johannes Lehmann (3) Gerhard Hachmann (1) Johann Georg Mönckeberg
Johann Georg Mönckeberg
(5) Heinrich Burchard (1) Gerhard Hachmann (2) Johann Georg Mönckeberg
Johann Georg Mönckeberg
(6) Heinrich Burchard (2) Johann Stammann Johann Georg Mönckeberg
Johann Georg Mönckeberg
(7) Heinrich Burchard (3) Max Predöhl
Max Predöhl
(1) Heinrich Burchard (4) August Schröder (1) Max Predöhl
Max Predöhl
(2) Werner von Melle
Werner von Melle
(1) August Schröder (2) Max Predöhl
Max Predöhl
(3) Werner von Melle
Werner von Melle
(2)

Weimar period (1919–1933)

Werner von Melle
Werner von Melle
(3) Friedrich Sthamer Arnold Diestel Carl W. Petersen (1) Rudolf Ross Carl W. Petersen (2)

Nazi period (1933–1945)

Carl Vincent Krogmann

Contemporary Hamburg (since 1945)

Rudolf Petersen Max Brauer
Max Brauer
(1) Kurt Sieveking Max Brauer
Max Brauer
(2) Paul Nevermann Herbert Weichmann Peter Schulz Hans-Ulrich Klose Klaus von Dohnanyi Henning Voscherau Ortwin Runde Ole von Beust Christoph Ahlhaus Olaf Scholz

v t e

First Merkel Cabinet (2005–2009)

Angela Merkel
Angela Merkel
(CDU) Franz Müntefering/ Olaf Scholz
Olaf Scholz
(since 22 November 2007; SPD) Frank-Walter Steinmeier
Frank-Walter Steinmeier
(SPD) Wolfgang Schäuble
Wolfgang Schäuble
(CDU) Brigitte Zypries
Brigitte Zypries
(SPD) Peer Steinbrück
Peer Steinbrück
(SPD) Michael Glos/ Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg
Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg
(since 10 February 2009; CSU) Horst Seehofer/ Ilse Aigner
Ilse Aigner
(since 31 October 2008; CSU) Franz Josef Jung
Franz Josef Jung
(CDU) Ursula von der Leyen
Ursula von der Leyen
(CDU) Ulla Schmidt
Ulla Schmidt
(SPD) Wolfgang Tiefensee
Wolfgang Tiefensee
(SPD) Sigmar Gabriel
Sigmar Gabriel
(SPD) Annette Schavan
Annette Schavan
(CDU) Heidemarie Wieczorek-Zeul
Heidemarie Wieczorek-Zeul
(SPD) Thomas de Maizière
Thomas de Maizière
(CDU)

v t e

Fourth Merkel Cabinet (2018–)

Angela Merkel
Angela Merkel
(CDU) Olaf Scholz
Olaf Scholz
(SPD) Heiko Maas
Heiko Maas
(SPD) Horst Seehofer
Horst Seehofer
(CSU) Katarina Barley
Katarina Barley
(SPD) Peter Altmaier
Peter Altmaier
(CDU) Hubertus Heil
Hubertus Heil
(SPD) Julia Klöckner
Julia Klöckner
(CDU) Ursula von der Leyen
Ursula von der Leyen
(CDU) Franziska Giffey
Franziska Giffey
(SPD) Jens Spahn
Jens Spahn
(CDU) Andreas Scheuer
Andreas Scheuer
(CSU) Svenja Schulze
Svenja Schulze
(SPD) Anja Karliczek
Anja Karliczek
(CDU) Gerd Müller (CSU) Helge Braun
Helge Braun
(CDU)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 100435581 LCCN: no2009182738 ISNI: 0000 0000 7265 9681 GN

.