HOME
The Info List - Office For The Coordination Of Humanitarian Affairs


--- Advertisement ---



The United Nations
United Nations
Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian
Humanitarian
Affairs (OCHA) is a United Nations
United Nations
(UN) body formed in December 1991 by General Assembly Resolution 46/182.[1] The resolution was designed to strengthen the UN's response to complex emergencies and natural disasters. Earlier UN organizations with similar tasks were the Department of Humanitarian
Humanitarian
Affairs (DHA), and its predecessor, the Office of the United Nations
United Nations
Disaster Relief Coordinator (UNDRC). In 1998, due to reorganization, DHA merged into OCHA and was designed to be the UN focal point on major disasters. It is a sitting observer of the United Nations
United Nations
Development Group.[2] After merging with the DHA, its mandate was expanded to encompass the coordination of humanitarian response, policy development and humanitarian advocacy. The agency's activities include organization and monitoring of humanitarian funding, as well as information exchange, coordination and rapid-response teams for emergency relief. Since 29 May 2015, OCHA is led by Stephen O'Brien
Stephen O'Brien
as Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian
Humanitarian
Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator (USG/ERC), appointed for a five-year term. From 2013 to 2016, OCHA organized the World Humanitarian
Humanitarian
Summit that was held in Istanbul, Turkey, on May 23 and 24, 2016.

Contents

1 Staff and country offices

1.1 Staff 1.2 Country offices

2 Services 3 Humanitarian
Humanitarian
innovation in organizations 4 International dialing code 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

Staff and country offices[edit]

Christine Buchholz
Christine Buchholz
(German MdB) and Lise Grande (UN OCHA) in Juba, South Sudan

OCHA is headed by the Undersecretary-General for Humanitarian
Humanitarian
Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, since 29 May 2015 by Stephen O'Brien. It has 2 headquarters in New York and Geneva, 8 regional offices, 32 field offices, 23 humanitarian adviser teams, and 3 liaison offices.[3] Staff[edit] As of June 2016, OCHA has 2,300 staff spread across the world in over 60 countries.[4] Country offices[edit] Major OCHA country offices are located in all continents, among others in Afghanistan, Central African Republic, Chad, Colombia, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Ivory Coast, Palestinian territories, Sri Lanka, Sudan
Sudan
(including a sub-office in South Sudan's capital Juba), Syria, and Zimbabwe, while regional offices are located in Panama City, Dakar, Cairo, Johannesburg, and Bangkok.[5] OCHA also has some liaison and support staff in New York and Geneva. Services[edit] OCHA has built up a range of services in the execution of its mandate. Some of the larger ones are:

IRIN, Integrated Regional Information Networks, a humanitarian news and analysis service[6] (1995-2014) Since 1 January 2015, IRIN now operates as an independent news service and is no longer affiliated with OCHA. [7] INSARAG, International Search and Rescue Advisory Group ReliefWeb, a leading source of time-critical humanitarian information on global crises and disasters. ReliefWeb
ReliefWeb
is a 24/7 service that provides the latest reports, maps, infographics, and videos from trusted sources, as well as jobs and training programs for humanitarians.[8] (1996) Central Emergency Response Fund, a humanitarian fund established by the UN General Assembly to 1) promote early action and response to reduce loss of life; 2) enhance response to time-critical requirements; and 3) strengthen core elements of humanitarian response in underfunded crises (2006) Humanitarian
Humanitarian
Reform seeks to improve the effectiveness of humanitarian response by ensuring greater predictability, accountability and partnership. Who does What Where Database and Contact Management Directory: To ensure that appropriate and timely humanitarian response is delivered during a disaster or emergency, information must be managed efficiently. The key information that are important to assess and ensure that humanitarian needs are met in any emergency/disaster are, to know which organizations (Who) are carrying out what activities (What) in which locations (Where) which is also universally referred to as the 3W (Who does What Where). The integrated Contact Management Directory, complements the 3W database, making it easy for the user to navigate through the application.(2006)[9] Common and Fundamental Operational Datasets (CODs) are critical datasets that are used to support the work of humanitarian actors across multiple sectors. They are considered a de facto standard for the humanitarian community and should represent the best-available datasets for each theme. The Fundamental Operational Datasets (FODs) are datasets that are relevant to a humanitarian operation, but are more specific to a particular sector or otherwise do not fit into one of the seven COD themes.[10] Since 2004, OCHA has partnered with the Center for Excellence in Disaster Management and Humanitarian
Humanitarian
Assistance to facilitate OCHA’s Civil Military Coordination (UN-CMCoord) course in the Asia-Pacific Region. The UN-CMCoord Course is designed to address the need for coordination between international civilian humanitarian actors, especially UN humanitarian agencies, and international military forces in an international humanitarian emergency. This established UN training plays a critical role in building capacity to facilitate effective coordination in the field by bringing together approximately 30 practitioners from the spectrum of actors sharing operational space during a humanitarian crisis and training them on UN coordination mechanisms and internationally recognized guidelines for civil military coordination.[11] Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian
Humanitarian
Affairs occupied Palestinian territory (OCHAoPt). OCHA’s Country Office in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt), established in 2002 to support international efforts to respond to the deteriorating humanitarian situation in the oPt.[12]

Humanitarian
Humanitarian
innovation in organizations[edit]

This section may rely excessively on sources too closely associated with the subject, potentially preventing the article from being verifiable and neutral. Please help improve it by replacing them with more appropriate citations to reliable, independent, third-party sources. (January 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

The OCHA encourages humanitarian innovation within organizations. For organizations, it is a way of identifying and solving problems while changing business models to adapt to new opportunities. In OCHA's occasional policy paper Humanitarian
Humanitarian
Innovation: The State of the Art, they list the reasons why organizations are moving toward providing their own kind of humanitarian service through innovation:

Shifting business models based on public demand: There is a growing amount of humanitarian emergencies and the old model of response does not fit the modern problem. Increased contributions from the private sector: Private organizations are driven by their obligation to Corporate Social Responsibility
Corporate Social Responsibility
and now associate their contributions to their brand. Developing partnerships within organizations: Partnerships lead to new ideas and solutions to problems. Trend toward developing innovative technologies: Technology allows people to respond to emergencies quicker.

They also list potential challenges associated with these changes:

Humanitarian
Humanitarian
innovation requires a different market structure: It is assumed that there is no incentive for private organizations to participate in humanitarian innovation. Inequalities in power can stimulate conflict: There is no general principle for ethics in innovation. If humanitarian innovation is carried out incorrectly, there can be consequences to communities, individuals, or the system at large. Monetary and political risk if humanitarian efforts fail: This risk can cause delayed responses to humanitarian issues, so organizations tend to look to the past rather than plan for the future.[13]

International dialing code[edit] The OCHA has been assigned its own international calling code +888. Telephone numbers in the +888 "country code" will be assigned to agencies providing humanitarian relief. The +888 code will be implemented by Voxbone.[14] See also[edit]

United Nations
United Nations
portal Human rights
Human rights
portal

Civil defense Humanitarian
Humanitarian
aid World Humanitarian
Humanitarian
Summit

References[edit]

^ United Nations
United Nations
General Assembly Session 46 Resolution 182. Strengthening of the coordination of humanitarian emergency assistance of the United Nations
United Nations
A/RES/46/182 19 December 1991. Retrieved 2008-04-09. ^ UNDG Members. Undg.org. Retrieved on 20 November 2011. ^ "OCHA Annual Report 2015". ReliefWeb. 2016-06-21. p. 5. Retrieved 2017-01-04.  ^ "OCHA Annual Report 2015". ReliefWeb. 2016-06-21. p. 14. Retrieved 2017-01-04.  ^ "Where We Work - All Countries". OCHA. Archived from the original on 26 April 2015. Retrieved 21 April 2015.  ^ Redesigning ReliefWeb. Reliefweb.int (1 September 2007). Retrieved on 20 November 2011. ^ [1] IRIN News. Retrieved 10 Jun 2016. ^ "About Us". ReliefWeb. 2011-03-21. Retrieved 2017-01-04.  ^ "Who does What Where" Database Archived 22 November 2007 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Common and Fundamental Operational Datasets ^ "Center for Excellence". COE. Retrieved 2009-11-02.  ^ "About OCHA oPt" Archived 9 April 2014 at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved 11 November 2013 ^ " Humanitarian
Humanitarian
Innovation: The State of the Art". Retrieved 9 November 2014 ^ " Voxbone
Voxbone
Press Release". Voxbone. Retrieved 2011-07-05. 

External links[edit]

OCHA Official Website IRIN - Integrated Regional Information Networks OCHA Common Operational Datasets Syria
Syria
Crisis Overview Humanitarian
Humanitarian
Response OCHAoPt

Links to related articles

v t e

Global governance and identity

Proposals

United Nations
United Nations
Parliamentary Assembly World government

Theories

Anti-nationalism Cosmopolitanism Counter-hegemonic globalization Democratic globalization Democratic mundialization Global citizenship Global governance Globalism Internationalism Transnational governance World currency World taxation system

Organisations

Democratic World Federalists Global citizens movement World Federalist Movement World Service Authority

v t e

International criminal law

Sources

Customary international law Peremptory norm Hague Conventions Geneva
Geneva
Conventions Nuremberg Charter Nuremberg principles United Nations
United Nations
Charter Genocide
Genocide
Convention Convention Against Torture Rome Statute

Crimes against international law

Crimes against humanity Crime against peace Crime of apartheid Genocide Piracy Slave trading War crime War of aggression

International courts (in order of foundation)

International Military Tribunal (Nuremberg Trials) International Military Tribunal for the Far East International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda Special
Special
Court for Sierra Leone International Criminal Court Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia Special
Special
Panels of the Dili District Court Special
Special
Tribunal for Lebanon Mechanism for International Criminal Tribunals

History

List of war crimes List of convicted war criminals Leipzig War Crimes Trials

Related concepts

Command responsibility Superior orders Joint criminal enterprise Law of war Universal jurisdiction Non-combatant

v t e

International human rights organisations and institutions

Types

Human rights
Human rights
group Human rights
Human rights
commission Human rights
Human rights
institutions Truth and reconciliation commission

International institutions

Committee on the Rights of the Child Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities International Criminal Court Office of the United Nations
United Nations
High Commissioner for Human Rights UN Human Rights Committee UN Human Rights Council UN Security Council

Regional bodies

African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights African Court of Justice European Court of Human Rights European Committee for the Prevention of Torture Inter-American Commission on Human Rights Inter-American Court of Human Rights

Multi-lateral bodies

European Union Council of Europe Organisation of American States (OAS) UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian
Humanitarian
Affairs (UNOCHA) International Labour Organization
International Labour Organization
(ILO) World Health Organization
World Health Organization
(WHO) UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Joint UN Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA) Commission on the Status of Women (CSW) UN Population Fund (UNFPA) UN Children's Fund (UNICEF) UN Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) UN Development Programme (UNDP) Food and Agriculture Organization
Food and Agriculture Organization
of the UN (FAO) UN Human Settlements Programme (UN-HABITAT)

Major NGOs

Amnesty International FIDH Human Rights Watch International Committee of the Red Cross
International Committee of the Red Cross
(ICRC) Emergency NGO Human Rights First

v t e

United Nations
United Nations
Charter

Text

Preamble Chapter I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X XI XII XIII XIV XV XVI XVII XVIII XIX Amendments

History

1919 Paris Peace Conference Treaty of Versailles Covenant of the League of Nations 1943 Moscow Conference 1943 Tehran Conference 1944 Dumbarton Oaks Conference 1945 Conference on International Organization Signatories

Organs created

Security Council General Assembly Economic and Social Council Trusteeship Council International Court of Justice
International Court of Justice
(statute) Secretariat Military Staff Committee

Complete text UN portal

v t e

 United Nations

António Guterres, Secretary-General Amina J. Mohammed, Deputy Secretary-General Miroslav Lajčák, General Assembly President

United Nations
United Nations
System

United Nations
United Nations
Charter

Preamble

Principal organs

General Assembly

President

Security Council

Members

Economic and Social Council Secretariat

Secretary-General Deputy Secretary-General Under-Secretary-General

International Court of Justice

statute

Trusteeship Council

Secretariat Offices and Departments

Headquarters Envoy on Youth Spokesperson for the Secretary-General Geneva Palace of Nations Nairobi Vienna Economic and Social Affairs Political Affairs Public Information

Dag Hammarskjöld Library

Safety and Security Palestinian Rights Peacekeeping
Peacekeeping
Operations Internal Oversight Legal Affairs Developing Countries Sport for Development and Peace Disarmament Affairs Outer Space Affairs Partnerships Coordination of Humanitarian
Humanitarian
Affairs UN organizations by location United Nations
United Nations
Office for Developing Countries Sexual Violence in Conflict

Programmes and specialized agencies

FAO ICAO IFAD ILO IMO ITC IPCC IAEA MINURSO UNIDO ITU UNAIDS SCSL UNCTAD UNCITRAL UNCDF UNDG UNDP UNDPI UNDPKO

peacekeeping

UNEP

OzonAction UNEP/GRID-Arendal UNEP-WCMC

UNESCO UNFIP UNFPA UN-HABITAT OHCHR UNHCR UNHRC UNICEF UNICRI UNIDIR UNITAR UN-Oceans UNODC UNOPS UNOSAT UNRISD UNRWA UNSSC UNU

UNU-OP UNU-CRIS

UNV UN Women UNWTO UPU WFP WHO WIPO WMO

Members / observers

Full members Founding members

UNSC Permanent members

Observers

European Union

History

League of Nations Four Policemen Declaration by United Nations Peacekeeping
Peacekeeping
missions

history timeline

Enlargement

Resolutions

Security Council vetoes General Assembly

66th 67th

Security Council

Cyprus Iran Iraq Israel Lebanon Nagorno-Karabakh North Korea Palestine Syria Western Sahara

Elections

Secretary-General (2006 2016) International Court of Justice
International Court of Justice
2011 General Assembly President (2012 2016) Security Council (2015 2016)

Related

Bretton Woods system Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Criticism Delivering as One Flag

Honour Flag

Four Nations Initiative Genocide
Genocide
Convention UN Global Compact ICC International Decade for a Culture of Peace and Non-Violence for the Children of the World International Years UN laissez-passer Military Staff Committee Official languages Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons Peacekeeping Treaty Series UN Day Universal Declaration of Human Rights Millennium Declaration

Summit Development Goals

Security Council veto power UN reform

Security Council reform

UN Art Collection UN Memorial Cemetery Korea

Other

Outline UN television film series (1964–1966) In popular culture

v t e

Security Council of the United Nations

Power

Chapter V Chapter VII Veto Resolution

Organization

Military Observer Peacebuilding Commission Counter-Terrorism Committee Peacekeeping

Missions

United Nations
United Nations
Command Unified Task Force

Members

Permanent

 China  France  Russia  United Kingdom  United States

2016–2017

 Egypt  Japan  Senegal  Ukraine  Uruguay

2017

 Italy

2017–2018

 Bolivia  Ethiopia  Kazakhstan  Sweden

Category

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 262911522 LCCN: no98078420 ISNI: 0000 0004 0527 5935 GND: 100056

.