In Greek mythology, King Oenomaus
Oenomaus (also Oenamaus; Greek: Οἱνόμαος) of Pisa, the father of Hippodamia, was the son of Ares, either by the naiad Harpina (daughter of the river god Phliasian Asopus, the armed (harpe) spirit of a spring near Pisa) or by Sterope, one of the Pleiades, whom some identify as his consort instead. He married, if not Sterope, then Evarete of Argos, the daughter of Acrisius
Acrisius and Eurydice. Yet others give Eurythoe, daughter of Danaus, either as his mother or consort. His children besides Hippodamia
Hippodamia were Leucippus (who perished because of his love for Daphne) and Alcippe (mother of Marpessa by Evenus). Pausanias, who is generally skeptical about stories of humans descending from gods, makes Oenomaus
Oenomaus son of a mortal father, Alxion. John Tzetzes
Tzetzes adduces a version which, in the same vein, calls Oenomaus
Oenomaus son of a Hyperochus by Sterope. The genealogy offered in the earliest literary reference, Euripides' Iphigenia in Tauris, would place him two generations before the Trojan War, making him the great-grandfather of the Atreides, Agamemnon
Agamemnon and Menelaus. His name Oinomaos signifies him as a wine man. Courtship of Hippodamia King Oenomaus, fearful of a prophecy that claimed he would be killed by his son-in-law, had killed eighteen suitors of his daughter Hippodamia
Hippodamia after defeating them in a chariot race. He affixed their heads to the wooden columns of his palace. Pausanias was shown what was purportedly the last standing column in the late second century CE; he mentions that Pelops
Pelops erected a monument in honor of all the suitors who preceded him, and lists their names:
Marmax Alcathous, son of Porthaon Euryalus Eurymachus Crotalus Acrias of Lacedaemon, founder of Acriae Capetus Lycurgus Lasius Chalcodon Tricolonus (descendant of another Tricolonus, who was a son of Lycaon) Aristomachus Prias Pelagon Aeolius Cronius Erythras, son of Leucon Eioneus, son of Magnes
^ In the ancient territory of Pisa lay Olympia.
^ Theoi Project: Harpina.
^ Pausanias, 5.22.6; Diodorus Siculus, 4.73.1.
^ Hyginus, Fabula 84 ("Oenomaus, son of Mars and Asterope, daughter of
Atlas"), Fabula 250 ("Oenomaus, son of Mars by Asterie, daughter of
Bibliotheke 3. 110–111; Pseudo-Hyginus,
Astronomica 2. 21; he was depicted on the pediment of the Temple of
Zeus at Olympia with Sterope, whom Pausanias also took for his wife:
"On the right of Zeus Oinomaos with a helmet on his head, and by him
Sterope his wife, who was one of the daughters of Atlas."
Scholia on Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica, 1. 752
Pindar, Olympian Ode, I (476 BCE)
Sophocles, Electra, 504 (430–415 BCE) and Oenomaus, Fr. 433 (408
Euripides, Orestes, 1024-1062 (408 BCE)
Bibliotheca, Epitome 2, 1–9 (140 BCE)
Diodorus Siculus, Histories, 4.73 (1st century BCE)
Hyginus, Fables, 84: Oinomaus; Poetic Astronomy, ii (1st century CE)
Pausanias, Description of Greece, 5.1.3–7; 5.13.1; 6.21.9;
8.14.10–11 (c. 160 – 176 CE)
Philostratus the Elder Imagines, I.30: