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Events


Pre-1600

* 54 – Roman emperor
Claudius Claudius ( ; Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus; 1 August 10 BC – 13 October AD 54) was the fourth Roman emperor The Roman emperor was the ruler of the Roman Empire during the History of the Roman Empire, imperial p ...

Claudius
dies from poisoning under mysterious circumstances. He is succeeded by his adoptive son
Nero Nero ( ; full name: Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus; 15 December AD 37 – 9 June AD 68) was the fifth emperor of Rome. He was Adoption in Ancient Rome, adopted by the Roman emperor Claudius at the age of 13 and s ...

Nero
, rather than by
Britannicus Tiberius Claudius Caesar Britannicus (c. 12 February AD 41 – 11 February AD 55), usually called Britannicus, was the son of Roman emperor The Roman emperor was the ruler of the Roman Empire during the imperial period (starting in 27 BC) ...
, his son with
Messalina Valeria Messalina (; ) was the third wife of Roman emperor Claudius. She was a paternal cousin of Emperor Nero, a second cousin of Emperor Caligula, and a great-grandniece of Emperor Augustus. A powerful and influential woman with a reputation ...

Messalina
. *
409 __NOTOC__ Year 409 (Roman numerals, CDIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Honorius and Theodosius (or, less frequentl ...
Vandals The Vandals were a Germanic peoples, Germanic people who first inhabited what is now southern Poland. They established Vandal Kingdom, Vandal kingdoms on the Iberian Peninsula, Mediterranean islands, and North Africa in the fifth century. The ...
and
Alans The Alans or Alāns (Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Through the power o ...

Alans
cross the Pyrenees and appear in
Hispania Hispania ( ; ) was the Roman Roman or Romans most often refers to: *, the capital city of Italy *, Roman civilization from 8th century BC to 5th century AD *, the people of ancient Rome *', shortened to ''Romans'', a letter in the New Testame ...

Hispania
. * 1269 – The present church building at
Westminster Abbey Westminster Abbey, formally titled the Collegiate Church of Saint Peter at Westminster, is a large, mainly Gothic Gothic or Gothics may refer to: People and languages *Goths or Gothic people, the ethnonym of a group of East Germanic tribes ...

Westminster Abbey
is consecrated. *
1307 Year 1307 ( MCCCVII) was a common year starting on Sunday A common year starting on Sunday is any non-leap year (i.e. a year with 365 days) that begins on Sunday, January 1, 1 January, and ends on Sunday, December 31, 31 December. Its dominical ...
– Hundreds of the
Knights Templar The Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon ( la, Pauperes commilitones Christi Templique Salomonici), also known as the Order of Solomon's Temple, the Knights Templar, or simply the Templars, was a Catholic military order (so ...
in France are arrested at dawn by
King Philip the Fair
King Philip the Fair
, and later confess under torture to heresy. *
1332 Year 1332 ( MCCCXXXII) was a leap year starting on WednesdayA leap year starting on Wednesday is any year with 366 days (i.e. it includes 29 February) that begins on Wednesday 1 January and ends on Thursday 31 December. Its dominical letters hen ...
Rinchinbal Khan Rinchinbal,; xng, ᠷᠢᠨᠴᠢᠨᠪᠠᠯ, Rinčinbal, from otb, རིན་ཆེན་དཔལ་, rin chen dpal, name=lang also known by the temple name Ningzong (Emperor Ningzong of Yuan, ; May 1, 1326 – December 14, 1332), was a so ...
becomes the Khagan of the Mongols and Emperor of the Yuan dynasty, reigning for only 53 days. *
1399 Year 1399 ( MCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday A common year starting on Wednesday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calendar year that contains an add ...
– Coronation of
Henry IV of England Henry IV (April 1367 – 20 March 1413) or Henry Bolingbroke was King of England This list of kings and queens of the begins with , who initially ruled , one of the which later made up modern England. Alfred styled himself King of ...

Henry IV of England
at Westminster Abbey.


1601–1900

*
1644 It is one of eight years (CE) to contain each Roman numeral once (1000(M)+500(D)+100(C)+(-10(X)+50(L))+(-1(I)+5(V)) = 1644). Events January–June * January 22 Events Pre-1600 *613 __NOTOC__ Year 613 ( DCXIII) was a commo ...
– A Swedish–Dutch fleet defeats the Danish fleet at Fehmarn and captures about 1,000 prisoners. *
1710 In the Swedish calendar it was a common year starting on Saturday, one day ahead of the Julian and ten days behind the Gregorian calendar. Events January–June * January 1 – In Germany, Cölln is merged with Alt-Berlin by Fr ...
– Port Royal, the capital of French Acadia, falls in a siege by British forces. *
1775 Events Summary The American Revolution begins this year, with the first military engagement being the April 19 Battles of Lexington and Concord on the day after Paul Revere's now-legendary ride. The Second Continental Congress takes va ...
– The Continental Congress establishes the
Continental Navy The Continental Navy was the navy A navy, naval force, or maritime force is the branch of a nation's armed forces A military, also known collectively as armed forces, is a heavily armed, highly organized force primarily intended ...
(predecessor of the United States Navy). *
1792 Events January–March * January 9 Events Pre-1600 * 681 – Twelfth Council of ToledoThe Twelfth Council of Toledo was initiated on 9 January 681 by the new King Erwig. One of its first actions was to release the popula ...

1792
– In Washington, D.C., the cornerstone of the United States Executive Mansion (known as the
White House The White House is the official residence and workplace of the president of the United States. It is located at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue Northwest, Washington, D.C., NW in Washington, D.C., and has been the residence of every U.S. preside ...

White House
since 1818) is laid. *
1793 The French First Republic, French Republic introduced the French Republican Calendar, French Revolutionary Calendar starting with the year I. Events January–June * January 7 – The Ebel riot occurs in Sweden. * January 9 &nda ...
– French Revolutionary Wars: Austro-Prussian victory over Republican France at the First Battle of Wissembourg. *
1812 Events January–March * January 1 – The '' Allgemeines bürgerliches Gesetzbuch'' (the Austrian civil code A civil code is a codification of private law relating to property law, property, family law, family, and law of obligations ...
– War of 1812: Sir Isaac Brock's British and native forces
repel an invasion of Canada
repel an invasion of Canada
by General Rensselaer's United States forces. *
1821 Events January–March * January 21 – Peter I Island Peter I Island ( no, Peter I Øy) is an uninhabited volcanic A volcano is a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth Earth is the third planet f ...
– The
Declaration of Independence of the Mexican Empire The Declaration of Independence of the Mexican Empire ( es, Acta de Independencia del Imperio Mexicano) is the document by which the Mexican EmpireMexican Empire may refer to: * First Mexican Empire, the regime under Agustín de Iturbide from 1 ...
is publicly proclaimed. *
1843 Events By place Asia * The House of Jamalullail (Perlis), House of Jamalullail is established at Perlis Darul Sunnah (now known as Perlis Darul Sunnah, Malaysia). January–March * January ** Serial publication of Charles Dickens's nove ...

1843
– In New York City,
B'nai B'rith B'nai B'rith International (, from he, בְּנֵי בְּרִית, translit=b'né brit, lit=Children of the Covenant (biblical), Covenant) is a Judaism, Jewish service organization. B'nai B'rith states that it is committed to the security and ...

B'nai B'rith
, the oldest Jewish service organization in the world, is founded. *
1881 Events January–March * January 1–January 24, 24 – Siege of Geok Tepe: Russian troops under General Mikhail Skobelev defeat the Turkmen people, Turkomans. * January 13 – War of the Pacific – Battle of San Juan ...
First known conversation in modern Hebrew by
Eliezer Ben-Yehuda Eliezer Ben‑Yehuda ( he, אֱלִיעֶזֶר בֵּן־יְהוּדָה}; ; born Eliezer Yitzhak Perlman, 7 January 1858 – 16 December 1922) was a Hebrew Lexicography, lexicographer and newspaper editor. He was the driving force behind the ...
and friends. *
1885 Events January–March * January 3 Events Pre-1600 * 69 – The Roman legions on the Rhine refuse to declare their allegiance to Galba Galba (; born Servius Sulpicius Galba; 24 December 3 BC – 15 January AD 69) was a Roma ...
– The
Georgia Institute of Technology * The Georgia Institute of Technology, commonly referred to as Georgia Tech or, in the state of Georgia, as Tech, is a public university, public research university and institute of technology in Atlanta, Georgia (U.S. state), Georgia. It is p ...
is founded in Atlanta, Georgia. *
1892 Events January–March * January 1 January 1 or 1 January is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 364 days remaining until the end of the year (365 in leap years). This day is known as New Year's Day since ...
– Edward Emerson Barnard discovers first comet discovered by photographic means.


1901–present

*
1903 Events January * January 1 January 1 or 1 January is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar The Gregorian calendar is the used in most of the world. It was introduced in October 1582 by as a modification of th ...

1903
– The Boston Red Sox win the first modern World Series, defeating the Pittsburgh Pirates in the eighth game. *
1908 Events January * January 1 January 1 or 1 January is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar The Gregorian calendar is the used in most of the world. It was introduced in October 1582 by as a modification of t ...
Margaret Travers Symons
Margaret Travers Symons
bursts into the UK parliament and becomes the first woman to speak there. *
1911 A highlight in European history was the race for the South Pole. Events January * Through mid-January (starting 31 December) – The first Industrial Aeroplane Show is held in conjunction with the U.S. International Auto Sh ...

1911
Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn (Arthur William Patrick Albert; 1 May 185016 January 1942), was the seventh child and third son of Queen Victoria Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen o ...

Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn
, becomes the first Governor General of Canada of royal descent. *
1915 Events Below, the events of World War I World War I, often abbreviated as WWI or WW1, also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war A world war is "a war engaged in by all or most of the principal nation ...

1915
– First World War: The
Battle of the Hohenzollern Redoubt The actions of the Hohenzollern Redoubt took place on the Western FrontWestern Front or West Front may refer to: Military frontiers *Western Front (World War I), a military frontier to the west of Germany *Western Front (World War II), a mil ...
marks the end of the Battle of Loos. *
1917 Events Below, the events of World War I World War I, often abbreviated as WWI or WW1, also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war A world war is "a war engaged in by all or most of the principal nation ...
– The "
Miracle of the Sun The Miracle of the Sun ( pt, Milagre do Sol), also known as the Miracle of Fátima, is a series of events reported to have occurred miraculously on 13 October 1917, attended by a large crowd who had gathered in Fátima, Portugal, in response to ...

Miracle of the Sun
" is witnessed by an estimated 70,000 people in the
Cova da Iria Cova da Iria is a quarter in the city and civil parish In England, a civil parish is a type of administrative parish used for local government Local government is a generic term for the lowest tiers of public administration Publ ...
in Portugal. *
1921 Events January * January – E. W. Scripps and William Emerson Ritter found ''Science Service'', later renamed Society for Science & the Public, in the United States, with the goal of keeping the public informed of scientific devel ...
– Soviet republics sign the
Treaty of Kars The Treaty of Kars ( tr, Kars Antlaşması, rus, Карсский договор, Karskii dogovor, ka, ყარსის ხელშეკრულება, hy, Կարսի պայմանագիր, az, Qars müqaviləsi) was a treaty that est ...

Treaty of Kars
to formalize the borders between Turkey and the South Caucasus states. *
1923 Events January * January 1 – The Grouping: All major British railway companies are grouped into four larger companies, under terms of the Railways Act 1921. * January 1–January 7, 7 – Rosewood massacre: In a violent, racially mot ...

1923
Ankara Ankara, historically known as Ancyra and Angora, is the list of national capitals, capital of Turkey. Located in the Central Anatolia Region, central part of Anatolia, the city has a population of 4.5 million in its urban centre and over ...

Ankara
becomes the capital of Turkey. * 1943 – World War II: Marshal
Pietro Badoglio
Pietro Badoglio
announces that Italy has officially declared war on Germany. * 1944 – World War II: The Soviet Riga Offensive captures the city. * 1946 – France adopts the constitution of the Fourth Republic. *
1962
1962
– The Pacific Northwest experiences a cyclone the equal of a Category 3 hurricane, with winds above 150 mph. Forty-six people die. *1972 – Aeroflot Flight 217 crashes outside Moscow, killing 174. * 1972 – Uruguayan Air Force Flight 571 crashes in the Andes mountains. Twenty-eight survive the crash. All but 16 succumb before rescue on December 23. *1976 – The first electron micrograph of an Ebola virus is taken at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention by Dr. F. A. Murphy. *1977 – Hijacking of Lufthansa Flight 181 by the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine. *1983 – Ameritech Mobile Communications launches the first US cellular network in Chicago. *1990 – Syrian forces attack free areas of Lebanon, removing General Michel Aoun from the presidential palace. *1993 – At least 60 people die in eastern Papua New Guinea when a 1993 Finisterre earthquakes, series of earthquakes rock the Finisterre Range, triggering massive landslides. *2010 – The 2010 Copiapó mining accident, mining accident in Copiapó, Chile ends as all 33 trapped miners arrive at the surface after a record 69 days underground. *2013 – A 2013 Madhya Pradesh stampede, stampede occurs in India during the Hindu festival ''Navratri'', killing 115 and injuring more than 110. *2016 – The Maldives announces its decision to withdraw from the Commonwealth of Nations. *2019 – Kenyan Brigid Kosgei sets a new world record for a woman runner with a time of 2:14:04 at the 2019 Chicago Marathon.


Births


Pre-1600

* 467 – Emperor Xiaowen of Northern Wei, emperor of Northern Wei (d. 499) *1381 – Thomas FitzAlan, 12th Earl of Arundel, English politician, Lord High Treasurer of England (d. 1415) *1453 – Edward of Westminster, Prince of Wales, son and heir of Henry VI of England (d. 1471) *1474 – Mariotto Albertinelli, Italian painter and educator (d. 1515) *1499 – Claude of France (d. 1524) *1563 – Francis Caracciolo, Italian Catholic priest (d. 1608) *1566 – Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Cork, Irish politician, Lord High Treasurer of Ireland (d. 1643)


1601–1900

*1613 – Luisa de Guzmán, Spanish-Portuguese wife of John IV of Portugal (d. 1666) *1696 – John Hervey, 2nd Baron Hervey, English courtier and politician, Lord Privy Seal (d. 1743) *1703 – Andrea Belli, Maltese architect and businessman (d. 1772) *1713 – Allan Ramsay (artist), Allan Ramsay, Scottish-English painter (d. 1784) *1756 – James Gambier, 1st Baron Gambier, English admiral and politician, 36th List of lieutenant governors of Newfoundland and Labrador, Commodore Governor of Newfoundland (d. 1833) *1768 – Jacques Félix Emmanuel Hamelin, French admiral and explorer (d. 1839) *1820 – John William Dawson, Canadian geologist and academic (d. 1899) *
1821 Events January–March * January 21 – Peter I Island Peter I Island ( no, Peter I Øy) is an uninhabited volcanic A volcano is a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth Earth is the third planet f ...
– Rudolf Virchow, German physician, biologist, and politician (d. 1902) *1825 – Charles Frederick Worth, English fashion designer, founded House of Worth (d. 1895) *1844 – Ernest Myers (author), Ernest Myers, English poet and author (d. 1921) *1853 – Lillie Langtry, English actress and singer (d. 1929) *1862 – Mary Kingsley, English explorer and author (d. 1900) *1870 – Albert Jay Nock, American theorist, author, and critic (d. 1945) *1872 – Leon Leonwood Bean, American hunter, businessman, and author, founded L.L.Bean (d. 1967) *1873 – Georgios Kafantaris, Greek politician and Prime Minister of Greece (d. 1946) *1874 – József Klekl (politician), József Klekl, Slovene-Hungarian priest and politician (d. 1948) *1876 – Rube Waddell, American baseball player (d. 1914) *1878 – Patrick Joseph Hartigan, Australian priest and author (d. 1952) *1879 – Edward Hennig, American gymnast (d. 1960) *1880 – Sasha Chorny, Russian poet and author (d. 1932) *1887 – Jozef Tiso, Slovak priest and politician, President of Slovakia (d. 1947) *1890 – Conrad Richter, American journalist and novelist (d. 1968) *1891 – Irene Rich, American actress (d. 1988) *1893 – Kurt Reidemeister, German mathematician connected to the Vienna Circle (d. 1971) *1895 – Mike Gazella, American baseball player and manager (d. 1978) *1899 – Piero Dusio, Italian footballer, businessman and racing driver (d. 1975) *1900 – Gerald Marks, American composer (d. 1997)


1901–present

*1902 – Arna Bontemps, American librarian, author, and poet (d. 1973) * 1902 – Karl Leichter, Estonian musicologist and academic (d. 1987) *1904 – Wilfred Pickles, English actor and radio host (d. 1978) *1905 – Yves Allégret, French director and screenwriter (d. 1987) * 1905 – Coloman Braun-Bogdan, Romanian footballer and manager (d. 1983) *1909 – Herblock, American author and illustrator (d. 2001) * 1909 – Art Tatum, American jazz pianist (d. 1956) *
1911 A highlight in European history was the race for the South Pole. Events January * Through mid-January (starting 31 December) – The first Industrial Aeroplane Show is held in conjunction with the U.S. International Auto Sh ...

1911
– Ashok Kumar, Indian film actor (d. 2001) * 1911 – Millosh Gjergj Nikolla, Albanian poet and author (d. 1938) *1912 – Cornel Wilde, Slovak-American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1989) *1913 – Igor Torkar, Slovenian poet and playwright (d. 2004) *
1915 Events Below, the events of World War I World War I, often abbreviated as WWI or WW1, also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war A world war is "a war engaged in by all or most of the principal nation ...

1915
– Terry Frost, English painter and academic (d. 2003) *
1917 Events Below, the events of World War I World War I, often abbreviated as WWI or WW1, also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war A world war is "a war engaged in by all or most of the principal nation ...
– George Osmond, American talent manager (d. 2007) *1918 – Robert Walker (actor, born 1918), Robert Walker, American actor (d. 1951) *1920 – Laraine Day, American actress (d. 2007) *
1921 Events January * January – E. W. Scripps and William Emerson Ritter found ''Science Service'', later renamed Society for Science & the Public, in the United States, with the goal of keeping the public informed of scientific devel ...
– Yves Montand, Italian-French actor and singer (d. 1991) *1922 – Nathaniel Clifton, American athlete (d. 1990) *
1923 Events January * January 1 – The Grouping: All major British railway companies are grouped into four larger companies, under terms of the Railways Act 1921. * January 1–January 7, 7 – Rosewood massacre: In a violent, racially mot ...

1923
– John C. Champion, American screenwriter and producer (d. 1994) * 1923 – Rosemary Anne Sisson, English author and playwright (d. 2017) * 1923 – Faas Wilkes, Dutch footballer (d. 2006) *1924 – Terry Gibbs, American vibraphone player and bandleader * 1924 – Moturu Udayam, Indian activist and politician (d. 2002) * 1924 – Roberto Eduardo Viola, Argentinian general and politician, 44th President of Argentina (d. 1994) *1925 – Lenny Bruce, American comedian and actor (d. 1966) * 1925 – Armand Mouyal, Algerian-French fencer and police officer (d. 1988) * 1925 – Margaret Thatcher, English chemist and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 2013) * 1925 – Gustav Winckler, Danish singer-songwriter (d. 1979) *1926 – Ray Brown (musician), Ray Brown, American bassist and cellist (d. 2002) * 1926 – Tommy Whittle, Scottish-English saxophonist (d. 2013) * 1926 – Killer Kowalski, American wrestler (d. 2008) * 1926 – Eddie Yost, American baseball player and coach (d. 2012) *1927 – Lee Konitz, American saxophonist and composer (d. 2020) * 1927 – Turgut Özal, Turkish engineer and politician, 8th President of Turkey (d. 1993) *1929 – Richard Howard, American poet, critic, and translator * 1929 – Walasse Ting, Chinese-American painter and poet (d. 2010) *1930 – Bruce Geller, American screenwriter and producer (d. 1978) *1931 – Raymond Kopa, French footballer (d. 2017) * 1931 – Eddie Mathews, American baseball player and manager (d. 2001) *1932 – Johnny Lytle, American vibraphone player and drummer (d. 1995) * 1932 – Liliane Montevecchi, French-Italian actress, dancer and singer (d. 2018) *1933 – Thomas Bingham, Baron Bingham of Cornhill, English lawyer and judge, Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales (d. 2012) * 1933 – Raynald Fréchette, Canadian lawyer, judge, and politician (d. 2007) *1934 – Nana Mouskouri, Greek singer and politician *1935 – Etterlene DeBarge, American singer-songwriter * 1935 – Bruce Morrow, American radio host and actor *1936 – Chitti Babu (musician), Chitti Babu, Indian Rudra veena, veena player and composer (d. 1996) *1938 – Shirley Caesar, American gospel singer-songwriter * 1938 – Hugo Young, English journalist and author (d. 2003) *1939 – Larry Bowie (guard), Larry Bowie, American football player (d. 2012) * 1939 – Melinda Dillon, American actress *1940 – Chris Farlowe, English rock, blues, and soul singer * 1940 – Pharoah Sanders, American saxophonist and bandleader *1941 – Neil Aspinall, Welsh-English record producer and manager (d. 2008) * 1941 – Paul Simon, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer * 1941 – John Snow (cricketer), John Snow, English cricketer *1942 – Rutanya Alda, Latvian-American actress * 1942 – Bob Bailey (baseball), Bob Bailey, American baseball player and manager (d. 2018) * 1942 – Jerry Jones, American businessman * 1942 – Walter McGowan, Scottish boxer (d. 2016) * 1943 – Peter Sauber, Swiss businessman, founded the Sauber, Sauber F1 Team * 1944 – Robert Lamm, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer *1945 – Dési Bouterse, Surinamese general and politician, 9th President of Suriname * 1946 – Levon Ananyan, Armenian journalist and author (d. 2013) * 1946 – Edwina Currie, English politician * 1946 – Lacy J. Dalton, American country music singer-songwriter and guitarist *1947 – Joe Dolce, American-Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist * 1947 – Sammy Hagar, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer *1948 – Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, Pakistani musician (d. 1997) *1949 – Tom Mees, American sportscaster (d. 1996) * 1949 – Patrick Nève, Belgian racing driver (d. 2017) *1950 – Mollie Katzen, American chef and author * 1950 – Annegret Richter, German sprinter * 1950 – Simon Nicol, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer *1951 – Stephen Bayley, Welsh journalist, author, and critic *1952 – Mundo Earwood, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2014) *1953 – Pat Day, American jockey *1954 – George Frazier (pitcher), George Frazier, American baseball player and sportscaster * 1954 – Claude Ribbe, French historian and academic *1955 – John Ferenzik, American keyboard player, guitarist, and composer *1956 – Joseph Toal, Scottish bishop * 1956 – Sinan Sakić, Serbian singer (d. 2018) *1957 – Reggie Theus, American basketball player and coach *1958 – Maria Cantwell, American lawyer and politician * 1958 – Jair-Rôhm Parker Wells, American bassist and composer *1959 – Marie Osmond, American singer, actress, and television spokesperson *1960 – Joey Belladonna, American singer-songwriter * 1960 – Eric Joyce, Scottish soldier and politician *1961 – Rachel De Thame, English gardener and television presenter * 1961 – Doc Rivers, American basketball player and coach *
1962
1962
– T'Keyah Crystal Keymáh, American actress and author * 1962 – Kelly Preston, American actress (d. 2020) * 1962 – Jerry Rice, American football player *1963 – Colin Channer, Jamaican-American author and academic * 1963 – Chip Foose, American engineer and television host *1964 – Fanie de Villiers, South African cricketer * 1964 – Nie Haisheng, Chinese general, pilot, and astronaut * 1964 – Christopher Judge, American actor and producer * 1964 – Marco Travaglio, Italian journalist and author *1965 – Johan Museeuw, Belgian cyclist *1966 – Larry Collmus, American sportscaster * 1966 – John Regis (athlete), John Regis, English sprinter * 1966 – Baja Mali Knindža, Serbian singer *1967 – Scott Cooper (baseball), Scott Cooper, American baseball player * 1967 – Trevor Hoffman, American baseball player * 1967 – Javier Sotomayor, Cuban high jumper * 1967 – Steve Vickers (footballer), Steve Vickers, English footballer * 1967 – Kate Walsh (actress), Kate Walsh, American actress and producer * 1967 – Aleksander Čeferin, Slovenian lawyer and football administrator, 7th president of UEFA *1968 – Tisha Campbell-Martin, American actress and singer *1969 – Nancy Kerrigan, American figure skater and actress * 1969 – Cady McClain, American actress and singer *1970 – Serena Altschul, American journalist * 1970 – Rob Howley, Welsh rugby player and coach * 1970 – Paul Potts, English tenor *1971 – Sacha Baron Cohen, English comedian, actor, and screenwriter * 1971 – Billy Bush, American television journalist and radio host * 1971 – Pyrros Dimas, Albanian-Greek weightlifter and politician *1972 – Summer Sanders, American swimmer and sportscaster *1973 – Brian Dawkins, American football player and coach * 1973 – Matt Hughes (fighter), Matt Hughes, American wrestler and mixed martial artist *1977 – Gareth Batty, English cricketer * 1977 – Benjamin Clapp, American drummer * 1977 – Antonio Di Natale, Italian footballer * 1977 – Justin Peroff, Canadian drummer and actor * 1977 – Paul Pierce, American basketball player *1978 – Jermaine O'Neal, American basketball player *1979 – Wes Brown, English footballer * 1979 – Mamadou Niang, Senegalese footballer *1980 – Ashanti (singer), Ashanti, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress * 1980 – David Haye, English boxer * 1980 – Magne Hoseth, Norwegian footballer * 1980 – Scott Parker, English footballer *1981 – Ryan Ashford, English footballer * 1981 – Taylor Buchholz, American baseball player *1982 – Antonio Pavanello, Italian rugby player * 1982 – Ian Thorpe, Australian swimmer *1986 – Gabriel Agbonlahor, English footballer * 1986 – Sergio Pérez Moya, Mexican footballer *1987 – Adrian Poparadu, Romanian footballer * 1987 – Nikita Satalkin, Russian footballer * 1987 – Tochinoshin Tsuyoshi, Georgian sumo wrestler *1988 – Scott Jamieson, Australian footballer * 1988 – Enrique Pérez (footballer), Enrique Pérez, Mexican footballer *1989 – Breno Borges, Brazilian footballer * 1989 – Luke Kelly (rugby league), Luke Kelly, Australian rugby league player * 1989 – Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, American politician * 1989 – Clive Rose (cricketer), Clive Rose, Australian cricketer *1990 – Emma Flood, Norwegian tennis player * 1990 – Andrej Rendla, Slovak footballer * 1990 – Adrián Sardinero, Spanish footballer *1993 – Tiffany Trump, daughter of 45th U.S. President Donald Trump *1994 – Ryan Matterson, Australian rugby league player *1995 – Jimin (singer, born 1995), Jimin, South Korean singer *1996 – Joshua Wong, Hong Kong pro-democracy activist *1999 – Andrew Capobianco. American Olympic diver *2001 – Caleb McLaughlin, American actor


Deaths


Pre-1600

* 54
Claudius Claudius ( ; Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus; 1 August 10 BC – 13 October AD 54) was the fourth Roman emperor The Roman emperor was the ruler of the Roman Empire during the History of the Roman Empire, imperial p ...

Claudius
, Roman emperor (b. 10 BC) * 807 – Simpert, bishop of Roman Catholic Diocese of Augsburg, Augsburg * 982 – Emperor Jingzong of Liao, Jing Zong, emperor of the Liao dynasty, Liao Dynasty (b. 948) *1093 – Robert I, Count of Flanders, Robert I, count of County of Flanders, Flanders (b. 1035) *1100 – Guy I, Count of Ponthieu, Guy I, count of Ponthieu *1195 – Gualdim Pais, Portuguese crusader (b. 1118) *1282 – Nichiren, Japanese Buddhist priest (b. 1222) *1382 – Peter II of Cyprus, Peter II, king of Kingdom of Cyprus, Cyprus *1415 – Thomas FitzAlan, 12th Earl of Arundel, English politician, Lord High Treasurer of England (b. 1381) *1435 – Hermann II, Count of Celje, Hermann II, count of Croatia in union with Hungary, Croatia *1562 – Claudin de Sermisy, French composer (b. 1495)


1601–1900

*1605 – Theodore Beza, French theologian and scholar (b. 1519) *1673 – Christoffer Gabel, German-Danish accountant and politician (b. 1617) *1687 – Geminiano Montanari, Italian astronomer and lens maker (b. 1633) *1694 – Samuel von Pufendorf, German historian, economist, and jurist (b. 1632) *1706 – Iyasu I, emperor of Ethiopia (b. 1654) *1715 – Nicolas Malebranche, French priest and philosopher (b. 1638) *1759 – John Henley (clergyman), John Henley, English clergyman and author (b. 1692) *1788 – Robert Nugent, 1st Earl Nugent, Irish poet and politician (b. 1702) *
1812 Events January–March * January 1 – The '' Allgemeines bürgerliches Gesetzbuch'' (the Austrian civil code A civil code is a codification of private law relating to property law, property, family law, family, and law of obligations ...
– Isaac Brock, English general and politician, List of lieutenant governors of Ontario, Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada (b. 1769) *1815 – Joachim Murat, French general (b. 1767) *1822 – Antonio Canova, Italian sculptor (b. 1757) *1825 – Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria, Maximilian I Joseph, king of Electorate of Bavaria, Bavaria (b. 1756) *1841 – Patrick Campbell (Royal Navy officer), Patrick Campbell, Scottish admiral (b. 1773) *1869 – Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuve, French poet, author, and critic (b. 1804) *1882 – Arthur de Gobineau, French philosopher and author (b. 1816) *1890 – Samuel Freeman Miller, American lawyer and jurist (b. 1816)


1901–present

*1904 – Pavlos Melas, French-Greek captain (b. 1870) *1905 – Henry Irving, English actor and manager (b. 1838) *1909 – Francesc Ferrer i Guàrdia, Spanish philosopher and academic (b. 1849) *
1911 A highlight in European history was the race for the South Pole. Events January * Through mid-January (starting 31 December) – The first Industrial Aeroplane Show is held in conjunction with the U.S. International Auto Sh ...

1911
– Sister Nivedita, Irish-Indian social worker, author, and educator (b. 1867) *
1917 Events Below, the events of World War I World War I, often abbreviated as WWI or WW1, also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war A world war is "a war engaged in by all or most of the principal nation ...
– Florence La Badie, American actress (b. 1888) *1919 – Karl Adolph Gjellerup, Danish author and poet, Nobel Prize in Literature, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1857) *1926 – Hans E. Kinck, Norwegian philologist and author (b. 1865) *1930 – T. Alexander Harrison, American painter and educator (b. 1853) *1931 – Ernst Didring, Swedish author (b. 1868) *1938 – E. C. Segar, American cartoonist, created ''Popeye'' (b. 1894) *1945 – Milton S. Hershey, American businessman, founded The Hershey Company (b. 1857) *1950 – Ernest Haycox, American soldier and author (b. 1899) *1955 – Manuel Ávila Camacho, Mexican general and politician, 45th President of Mexico (b. 1897) *1956 – Cahit Sıtkı Tarancı, Turkish poet and author (b. 1910) *1961 – Prince Louis Rwagasore, Burundi politician, Prime Minister of Burundi (b. 1932) *1966 – Clifton Webb, American actor and dancer (b. 1889) *1968 – Bea Benaderet, American actress and voice artist (b. 1906) *1973 – Cevat Şakir Kabaağaçlı, Turkish ethnographer and author (b. 1886) * 1973 – Albert Mandler, Austrian-Israeli general (b. 1929) *1974 – Otto Binder, American author (b. 1911) * 1974 – Anatoli Kozhemyakin, Soviet footballer (b. 1953) * 1974 – Ed Sullivan, American journalist and talk show host (b. 1901) *1979 – Antonio Berni, Argentinian painter, illustrator, and engraver (b. 1905) *1981 – Rebecca Clarke (composer), Rebecca Clarke, English viola player and composer (b. 1886) *1985 – Tage Danielsson, Swedish author, actor, and director (b. 1928) *1987 – Walter Houser Brattain, American physicist and engineer, Nobel Prize in Physics, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1902) * 1987 – Kishore Kumar, Indian singer-songwriter, producer, actor, and director (b. 1929) * 1987 – Nilgün Marmara, Turkish poet and author (b. 1958) *1990 – Hans Namuth, German-American photographer (b. 1915) * 1990 – Lê Đức Thọ, Vietnamese general and politician, Nobel Peace Prize, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1911) *1992 – James Marshall (author), James Marshall, American author and illustrator (b. 1942) *1993 – Otmar Gutmann, German filmmaker (b. 1937) *1996 – Beryl Reid, English actress (b. 1919) *1998 – Dmitry Nikolayevich Filippov, Russian businessman and politician (b. 1944) *1999 – Michael Hartnett, Irish poet (b. 1941) *2000 – Jean Peters, American actress (b. 1926) *2001 – Peter Doyle (singer), Peter Doyle, Australian singer-songwriter (b. 1949) *2002 – Stephen Ambrose, American historian and author (b. 1936) * 2002 – Keene Curtis, American actor (b. 1923) *2003 – Bertram Brockhouse, Canadian physicist and academic, Nobel Prize in Physics, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1918) *2004 – Enrique Fernando, Filipino lawyer and jurist, 13th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines (b. 1915) * 2004 – Bernice Rubens, Welsh author (b. 1928) *2005 – Vivian Malone Jones, American activist (b. 1942) *2006 – Wang Guangmei, Chinese philanthropist and politician, 2nd Spouse of the President of the People's Republic of China (b. 1921) *2007 – Bob Denard, French soldier and academic (b. 1929) *2008 – Alexei Cherepanov, Russian ice hockey player (b. 1989) *2009 – Stephen Barnett, American scholar and academic (b. 1935) *2010 – Vernon Biever, American photographer (b. 1923) *2011 – Barbara Kent, Canadian-born American actress (b. 1907) *2012 – Stuart Bell, English lawyer and politician (b. 1938) * 2012 – Gary Collins (actor), Gary Collins, American actor (b. 1938) * 2012 – Tomonobu Imamichi, Japanese philosopher and academic (b. 1922) *2013 – Martin Drewes, German soldier and pilot (b. 1918) * 2013 – Joe Meriweather, American basketball player and coach (b. 1953) * 2013 – Tommy Whittle, Scottish-English saxophonist (b. 1926) * 2013 – Takashi Yanase, Japanese poet and illustrator, created ''Anpanman'' (b. 1919) *2014 – John Bradfield (scientist), John Bradfield, English biologist and businessman, founded Cambridge Science Park (b. 1925) * 2014 – Antonio Cafiero, Argentinian accountant and politician, Governor of Buenos Aires Province (b. 1922) * 2014 – Margaret Hillert, American author and poet (b. 1920) * 2014 – Mohammad Sarengat, Indonesian sprinter (b. 1939) * 2014 – Pontus Segerström, Swedish footballer (b. 1981) *2015 – Rosalyn Baxandall, American historian, author, and academic (b. 1939) * 2015 – Bruce Hyde (academic), Bruce Hyde, American academic and actor (b. 1941) * 2015 – Michael J. H. Walsh, English general (b. 1927) *2016 – Bhumibol Adulyadej, Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX), King of Thailand (b. 1927) * 2016 – Dario Fo, Italian playwright, actor, director, and composer Nobel Prize in Literature, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1926) * 2016 – Jim Prentice, Canadian lawyer and politician, 16th Premier of Alberta (b. 1956) *2017 – Albert Zafy, Malagasy politician (b. 1927) *2018 – Annapurna Devi, Indian surbahar (bass sitar) player (b. 1927)


Holidays and observances

*Public holidays in Azerbaijan, Azerbaijani Railway Day (Azerbaijan) *Christian feast day: **Blessed Alexandrina of Balasar **Daniel and companions, Daniel and companions, of Ceuta **Edward the Confessor (translation) **Gerald of Aurillac **Blessed Maddalena Panattieri (Dominican Order, OP) **Theophilus of Antioch **October 13 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics) *Doi taikomatsuri October 13–15 (Shikokuchūō, Ehime, Japan) *International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction (International observance, international) *Public holidays in Poland, Paramedics' Day (Poland) *Rwagasore Day (Burundi)


References


External links

* * * * {{DEFAULTSORT:October 13 Days of the year October