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An oblast (UK: /ˈɒblɑːst/, US: /ˈɒblæst/)[1] is a type of administrative division of Belarus, Bulgaria, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Ukraine, and the former Soviet Union
Soviet Union
and Kingdom of Yugoslavia. Official terms in successor states of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
differ, but some still use a cognate of the Russian term, e.g., voblast (voblasts, voblasts', [ˈvobɫasʲtsʲ]) is used for regions of Belarus, and oblys (plural: oblystar) for regions of Kazakhstan. The word "oblast" is a loanword in English,[2] but it is, nevertheless, often translated as "area", "zone", "province", or "region". The last translation may lead to confusion, because "raion" may be used for other kinds of administrative subdivision, which may be translated as "region", "district", or "county" depending on the context.

Contents

1 Bulgaria 2 Russian Empire 3 Soviet Union 4 Post-Soviet countries 5 Yugoslavia 6 See also 7 References

Bulgaria[edit] Main article: Provinces of Bulgaria Since 1999, Bulgaria
Bulgaria
has been divided into 28 oblasts, usually translated as "provinces". Before, the country was divided into just nine units, also called oblast.

Russian Empire[edit] Main article: Oblasts of the Russian Empire In the Russian Empire, oblasts were considered to be administrative units and were included as parts of Governorates General
Governorates General
or krais. The majority of then-existing oblasts were on the periphery of the country (e.g. Kars Oblast
Kars Oblast
or Transcaspian Oblast) or covered the areas where Cossacks
Cossacks
lived.

Soviet Union[edit] Main article: Oblasts of the Soviet Union In the now-dissolved Soviet Union, oblasts were one of the types of administrative divisions of the union republics. As any administrative units of this level, oblasts were composed of districts (raions) and cities/towns directly under oblasts' jurisdiction. Some oblasts also included autonomous entities called autonomous okrugs. Because of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
electrification program under the GOELRO plan, Ivan Alexandrov, as director of the Regionalisation Committee of Gosplan, divided the Soviet union into thirteen European and eight Asiatic oblasts, using rational economic planning rather than "the vestiges of lost sovereign rights".[3] The names of oblasts did not usually correspond to the names of the respective historical regions, as they were created as purely administrative units. With a few exceptions, Soviet oblasts were named after their administrative centers.

Post-Soviet countries[edit] The oblasts in other post-Soviet countries are officially called:

Territorial entity

Local term

English term

Details

Comment

Armenia marz province or region[4] see Marz (country subdivision) Oblast in the Russian version of a 1995 law.[5]

Belarus voblast (vobłaść) / oblast region[6] see Regions of Belarus Russian and Belarusian are both state languages.

Georgia mkhare region see Mkhare

Kazakhstan oblys region see Regions of Kazakhstan

Kyrgyzstan oblus / oblast region see Regions of Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyz and Russian are both official languages

Russia oblast oblast or region[7] see Oblasts of Russia According to the Constitution of Russia, oblasts are considered to be subjects of the Federation, which is a higher status than that of administrative units they had within the Russian SFSR
Russian SFSR
before the dissolution of the Soviet Union. The federal subject status gives the oblasts some degree of autonomy and gives them representation in the Federation Council.

Tajikistan viloyat region see Regions of Tajikistan

Turkmenistan welaýat region [8] see Regions of Turkmenistan

Ukraine oblast oblast or region[9][10] see Oblasts of Ukraine

Uzbekistan viloyat region[11] see Regions of Uzbekistan

Viloyat and welaýat are derived from the Turkish language
Turkish language
term vilayet, itself derived from the Arabic language
Arabic language
term wilāya (ولاية)

Yugoslavia[edit] Main article: Subdivisions of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia In 1922, the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
was divided into 33 administrative divisions called oblasts. In 1929, oblasts were replaced with larger administrative units known as banovinas. During the Yugoslav Wars, several Serbian Autonomous Oblasts
Serbian Autonomous Oblasts
were formed in Croatia
Croatia
and Bosnia and Herzegovina. These oblasts were later merged into the Republic of Serbian Krajina
Republic of Serbian Krajina
and the Republika Srpska.

See also[edit]

Look up oblast in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Autonomous oblast Guberniya, an administrative unit, comparable to an oblast, of the Russian Empire, early Russian SFSR, and the Soviet Union Krai Okrug Subdivisions of Russia References[edit]

^ "Oblast". Collins English Dictionary/Webster's New World College Dictionary.

^ Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. 2008. Entry on "oblast"

^ Ekonomicheskoe raionirovanie Rossii, Gosplan, Moscow 1921

^ Helix Consulting LLC. "Government - Regions - The Government of the Republic of Armenia". gov.am..mw-parser-output cite.citation font-style:inherit .mw-parser-output .citation q quotes:"""""""'""'" .mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center .mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center .mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center .mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration color:#555 .mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help .mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg/12px-Wikisource-logo.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center .mw-parser-output code.cs1-code color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit .mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error display:none;font-size:100% .mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error font-size:100% .mw-parser-output .cs1-maint display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em .mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format font-size:95% .mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left padding-left:0.2em .mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right padding-right:0.2em

^ "Legislation: National Assembly of RA". parliament.am.

^ "Geography, Belarus
Belarus
- Belarus.by". belarus.by.

^ "Chapter 3. The Federal Structure - The Constitution of the Russian Federation". constitution.ru.

^ "Microsoft Word - Newsletter II-2 2010-06-30.doc" (PDF). Retrieved 2019-03-07.

^ "Regions of Ukraine
Ukraine
- MFA of Ukraine". mfa.gov.ua.

^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-10-31. Retrieved 2014-10-31.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)

^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-10-19. Retrieved 2014-10-16.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)

Links to related articles vteSlavic terms for country subdivisionsCurrent dzielnica gmina krai kraj krajina / pokrajina městys obec oblast / oblast' / oblasti / oblys / obwód / voblast' okręg okres okrug opština / općina / občina / obshtina osiedle powiat / povit raion selsoviet / silrada sołectwo voivodeship / vojvodina županija Historical darugha gromada guberniya / gubernia jurydyka khutor obshchina okolia opole pogost prowincja sorok srez starostwo / starostva uyezd volost ziemia župa

vteDesignations for types of administrative territorial entitiesEnglish termsCommon English terms1Area Insular area Local government area Protected area Special
Special
area Statistical area Combined statistical area Metropolitan statistical area Micropolitan statistical area Trade area Free-trade area Urban area Borough County
County
borough Metropolitan borough CantonHalf-cantonCapital Federal capital Imperial capital City Autonomous city Charter city Independent city Incorporated city Imperial city Free imperial city Royal free city Community Autonomous community Residential community County Administrative county Autonomous county Consolidated city-county Metropolitan county Non-metropolitan county Viscountcy Country Overseas country Department Overseas department District Capital district City
City
district Congressional district Electoral district Federal district Indian government district Land district Metropolitan district Non-metropolitan district Military district Municipal district Police district Regional district Rural district Sanitary district Service district Educational service district Local service district School district Intermediate school district Special
Special
district Subdistrict Urban district Special
Special
district Division Census division Police division Subdivision Municipality City
City
municipality County
County
municipality Regional county municipality Direct-controlled municipality District
District
municipality Neutral municipality Regional municipality Resort municipality Mountain resort municipality Rural municipality Specialized municipality Prefecture Autonomous prefecture Subprefecture Super-prefecture Praetorian prefecture Province Autonomous province Overseas province Roman province Region Administrative region Special
Special
administrative region Autonomous region Capital region National capital region Development region Economic region Mesoregion Microregion Overseas region Planning region Statistical region Subregion Reserve Biosphere reserve Ecological reserve Game reserve Indian reserve Nature reserve State City-state Federal state Free state Sovereign state Territory Capital territory Federal capital territory National capital territory Dependent territory Federal territory Incorporated territory Organized incorporated territory Military territory Overseas territory Union territory Unorganized territory Town Census town Market town Township Charter township Civil township Paper township Survey township Urban township Unit Administrative unit Local administrative unit Municipal unit Regional unit Territorial unit Autonomous territorial unit Zone Economic zone Exclusive economic zone Free economic zone Special
Special
economic zone Exclusion zone Military exclusion zone Free speech zone Neutral zone Self-administered zone Trade zone Free-trade zone Other English termsCurrent Alpine resort Bailiwick Banner Autonomous Block Cadastre Circle Circuit Colony Commune Condominium Constituency Duchy Eldership Emirate Federal dependency Governorate Hamlet Ilkhanate Indian reservation Manor Royal Muftiate Neighbourhood Parish Periphery Precinct Principality Protectorate Quarter Regency Autonomous republic Riding Sector Autonomous Shire Sultanate Suzerainty Townland Village Administrative Summer Ward

Historical Agency Barony Burgh Exarchate Hide Hundred Imperial Circle March Monthon Presidency Residency Roman diocese Seat Tenth Tithing Non-English or loanwordsCurrent Amt Bakhsh Barangay Bezirk Regierungsbezirk Comune Frazione Fu Gemeinde Austria Germany South Tyrol Switzerland Gemeente Gmina Județ Kampong Kommun / kunta Finland Sweden Län
Län
(Sweden) Landskap (Finland) Località Maakunta Megye Muban Mukim Oblast Autonomous Okrug Ostān Poblacion Purok Shahrestān Sum Sýsla Tehsil Vingtaine Historical Commote Gau Heerlijkheid Köping Län / lääni Landskap (Sweden) Landskommun Maalaiskunta Nome Egypt Greece Pagus Pargana Plasă Satrapy Socken Subah Syssel Zhou vte Arabic
Arabic
terms for country subdivisionsFirst-level Muhafazah (محافظة governorate) Wilayah (ولاية province) Mintaqah (منطقة region) Mudiriyah (مديرية directorate) Imarah (إمارة emirate) Baladiyah (بلدية municipality) Shabiyah (شعبية "popularate") Second / third-level Mintaqah (منطقة region) Qadaa (قضاء district) Nahiyah (ناحية subdistrict) Markaz (مركز district) Mutamadiyah (معتمدية "delegation") Daerah/Daïra (دائرة circle) Liwa (لواء banner / sanjak) City / township-level Amanah (أمانة municipality) Baladiyah (بلدية municipality) Ḥai (حي neighborhood / quarter) Mahallah (محلة) Qarya (قرية) Sheyakhah (شياخة "neighborhood subdivision") Majlis Mahalliyy (مجلس محلي local council) Majlis ʾIqlimiyy (مجلس اقليمي regional council) English translations given are those most commonly used. vteFrench terms for country subdivisions arrondissement département préfecture subprefectures

vteGreek terms for country subdivisionsModern apokentromenes dioikiseis / geniki dioikisis§ / diamerisma§ / periphereia nomos§ / periphereiaki enotita demos / eparchia§ / koinotita§ Historical archontia/archontaton bandon demos despotaton dioikesis doukaton droungos eparchia exarchaton katepanikion kephalatikion kleisoura meris naukrareia satrapeia strategis thema toparchia tourma § signifies a defunct institution vtePortuguese terms for country subdivisionsRegional subdivisions Estado Distrito federal Província Região Distrito Comarca Capitania Local subdivisions Município Concelho Freguesia Comuna Circunscrição Settlements Cidade Vila Aldeia Bairro Lugar

Historical subdivisions in italics.

vteSlavic terms for country subdivisionsCurrent dzielnica gmina krai kraj krajina / pokrajina městys obec oblast / oblast' / oblasti / oblys / obwód / voblast' okręg okres okrug opština / općina / občina / obshtina osiedle powiat / povit raion selsoviet / silrada sołectwo voivodeship / vojvodina županija Historical darugha gromada guberniya / gubernia jurydyka khutor obshchina okolia opole pogost prowincja sorok srez starostwo / starostva uyezd volost ziemia župa

vteSpanish terms for country subdivisionsNational, Federal Comunidad autónoma Departamento Distrito federal Estado Provincia Región Regional, Metropolitan Cantón Comarca Comuna Corregimiento Delegación Distrito Mancomunidad Merindad Municipalidad Municipio Parroquia Ecuador Spain Urban, Rural Aldea Alquería Anteiglesia Asentamiento Asentamiento informal Pueblos jóvenes Barrio Campamento Caserío Ciudad Ciudad autónoma Colonia Lugar Masía Pedanía Población Ranchería Sitio Vereda Villa Village
Village
(Pueblito/Pueblo)

Historical subdivisions in italics.

vteTurkish terms for country subdivisionsModern il (province) ilçe (district) şehir (city) kasaba (town) belediye (municipality) belde (community) köy (village) mahalle (neighbourhood/quarter) Historical ağalık (feudal district) bucak (subdistrict) beylerbeylik (province) kadılık (subprovince) kaza (sub-province) hidivlik (viceroyalty) mutasarrıflık (subprovince) nahiye (nahiyah) paşalık (province) reya (Romanian principalities) sancak (prefecture) vilayet (province) voyvodalık (Romanian provinces) 1 Used by ten or more countries or having derived terms. Historical derivations in italics. See also: Census division, Electoral district, Political division, and List of administrative divi

.