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Obergefreiter (abbr. OGefr.) is a rank of the German and Swiss militaries which dates from the 19th century.

German Army
German Army
rank insignia (shoulder tab)[1]

German Navy
German Navy
rank insignia (sleeve)[2]

Former German Wehrmacht
Wehrmacht
Obergefreiter rank insignia (Illustrated: Luftwaffe
Luftwaffe
airman Flieger shoulder tab with yellow piping and Obergefreiter insignia worn on the upper left-sleeve).

The rank was only used in the German army's heavy artillery branch (Fußartillerie) before 1919 and commonly established with the founding of the Reichswehr. Translated as "senior lance-corporal", in World War II
World War II
the rank was normally given to soldiers who had command over small squads or to those soldiers who held the rank of Gefreiter and had performed a significant feat of achievement. An Obergefreiter was not considered a non-commissioned officer (Unteroffizier). In today's Bundeswehr, every Gefreiter
Gefreiter
is normally promoted Obergefreiter after six months. The NATO-Code is OR-3 which would make Obergefreiter the equivalent to private / airman / seaman first class in most forces or, e.g., lance corporal in the Australian/New Zealand Forces. Like all enlisted personnel in the German Bundeswehr, soldiers of this rank have no military authority over lower ranking enlisted personnel (for instance Schütze
Schütze
or Gefreiter), except given by a higher rank.[clarification needed]

Swiss rank insignia

In the Swiss Armed Forces
Swiss Armed Forces
the rank of Obergefreiter (short: Obgfr) was introduced after a long debate on 1 January 2004. They are specialists, who take over tasks of responsibility or hold the position of a group commander. In the Bundeswehr
Bundeswehr
the lower rank is Gefreiter
Gefreiter
while the next rank is Hauptgefreiter. The lower rank in the Swiss Army is also Gefreiter, the next rank is Korporal. References[edit]

^ German Army
German Army
rank insignia ^ German Navy
German Navy
rank insignia

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