Nur [nur] is a village in
Ostrów Mazowiecka County, Masovian
Voivodeship, in east-central Poland. It is the seat of the gmina
(administrative district) called
Gmina Nur. It lies approximately
31 kilometres (19 mi) south-east of
Ostrów Mazowiecka and
102 km (63 mi) north-east of Warsaw.
In 2006, the village had a population of 760.
Nur has a long and rich history. In the Kingdom of Poland, it was one
of main administrative centers of the province of Mazovia, and the
seat of a separate administrative district (ziemia). In the early
Middle Ages, Nur was a trade center, with a
Roman Catholic parish
established here probably in the 12th century.
Nur received its town charter either in 1410, or 1425. A local vogt
was established, with town council. Until 1526, Nur was part of the
Duchy of Mazovia, which was a Polish vassal. After annexation of
Mazovia into Poland, and creation of Masovian Voivodeship, the Land of
Nur consisted of three counties: Kamieniec Mazowiecki, Ostrów
Mazowiecka, and Nur, which also was the seat of a starosta, Sejmik,
and land court for the three counties.
The Land of Nur had been established in 1377, during a meeting of
Mazovian dukes in Sochaczew. Its total area was 3,500 km2.:
Kamieniec Castellany, later renamed into Kamieniec County, had the
area of 2,000 km2., Nur County 1,000 km2., and Ostrow County
500 km2. Boundaries of the Land of Nur remained unchanged for
over 400 years, until the Partitions of Poland.
In the 16th century, during the Polish Golden Age, Nur prospered. The
town had 263 houses, a number of craftsmen and merchants, a brewery, a
folwark, eight watermills and four fairs a year. Due to its convenient
location along the
Bug river waterway, Nur was an important trade
center, with goods sent along the Bug and the
Vistula to the Baltic
Sea port of Gdańsk.
In December 1640, King
Władysław IV Vasa announced that the sejmiks
be moved from Nur to Ostrow Mazowiecka, but in 1647, the
Warsaw decided to move them back to Nur. In 1648, during the
Khmelnytsky Uprising, the Land of Nur equipped 100 cavalrymen, sending
them south to fight the enemy.
Swedish invasion of
Poland (1655 - 1660) was a disaster to the town.
It was completely destroyed, and has never regained its prominence.
The parish church was not rebuilt until 1693, and by 1777, the number
of houses was only 63. The last starosta of Nur, Karol Wodzynski,
Kościuszko Uprising (1794).
Since 1815, Nur belonged to Russian-controlled Congress Poland. In
1827, its population was 514, with 75 houses. The town continued its
decline: in 1853, the church was dismantled, and replaced with a
wooden chapel. By 1860, the population grew to 813, including 299
Jews. In 1869, following January Uprising, Nur lost its town charter.
Jewish Community in Nur on Virtual Shtetl
Rental of Canoes in Nur
^ "Central Statistical Office (GUS) - TERYT (National Register of
Territorial Land Apportionment Journal)" (in Polish).
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nur.
Coordinates: 52°40′N 22°18′E / 52.667°N 22.300°E /