Northwest Seaport Maritime Heritage Center is a nonprofit organization in Seattle, Washington dedicated to the preservation and interpretation of Puget Sound and Northwest Coast maritime heritage, expressed through educational programs and experiences available to the public aboard its ships. The organization owns three large historic vessels docked at the Historic Ships' Wharf in Seattle's Lake Union Park; the tugboat Arthur Foss (1889), Lightship 83 Swiftsure (1904), and the halibut fishing schooner Tordenskjold (1911). These vessels are used as platforms for a variety of public programs, ranging from tours and festivals to restoration workshops and vocational training. Northwest Seaport is adjacent to the Center for Wooden Boats and the Museum of History and Industry on the south shore of Lake Union in downtown Seattle. These organizations have partnered in many public programs and events at Lake Union Park but are not affiliated with each other. Northwest Seaport also is not affiliated in any way with the Northwest Seaport Alliance, the join port authority for the cities of Seattle and Tacoma, newly formed in 2015.
1 History of the organization 2 Programs 3 Historic fleet
3.1 Tugboat Arthur Foss 3.2 Lightship 83 "Swiftsure" (previously known as Relief) 3.3 Halibut Schooner Tordenskjold 3.4 Fishing troller Twilight 3.5 Schooner Wawona
4 References 5 External links
History of the organization Northwest Seaport was founded in the early 1960s as the Save Our Ships project to save the 1897 Pacific schooner Wawona. Save Our Ships purchased Wawona in 1964, followed by Lightship 83 "Relief" in 1966 (subsequently changed to "Swiftsure" lightship station), and received the tugboat Arthur Foss as a donation from the Foss company in 1970. Save Our Ships was based in Kirkland, on Lake Washington, throughout the 1970s, eventually changed its name to Northwest Seaport, and then relocated to its current site on Lake Union (on the edge of downtown Seattle) in the early 1980s. Northwest Seaport has been a primarily volunteer organization throughout its half century of service. The decline of its flagship by the early 2000s, however, prompted the board of directors to focus on hiring professional staff to manage the ships and the organization. Programs Northwest Seaport offers a variety of programs ranging from public tours, festivals, and story times for toddlers to vocational training in the marine trades, traditional sea chantey sing-alongs, and skills training. Historic fleet The historic fleet at Lake Union Park's Historic Ships Wharf includes four vessels on the National Register of Historic Places: Two of these belong to Northwest Seaport. The other two belong to other non-profit organizations. Northwest Seaport's third vessel on the wharf is in the process of being nominated for NHL status. Tugboat Arthur Foss Main article: Arthur Foss
The tugboat Arthur Foss, built in 1889, is one of the oldest wooden-hulled tugboats afloat in the United States. In 1898, in response to the Alaskan gold rush, she transported barges full of gold seeking miners and supplies up the Inside Passage. There are no other Alaskan Gold Rush vessels still operating today. She was cast by the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer movie studio to play in its 1933 production Tugboat Annie. In World War II, Arthur Foss journeyed south to join the war effort. Before the Battle of Wake Island began in late 1941, she was the last vessel to get away. After the war she was used in the timber industry. The Arthur Foss has a six-cylinder, 700 horsepower (520 kW) diesel engine. Her top speed is 13 knots (24 km/h). The vessel is 120 feet (37 m) long with a beam of 25 feet (7.6 m) and a draft of 16 feet (4.9 m). When last operated the vessel was owned by Foss Launch and Tug (now Foss Maritime) who donated her to Northwest Seaport in 1970. Northwest Seaport renovated her in 2004. The vessel was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1989 and is a city landmark as well. and a featured attraction at Seattle's new South Lake Union Park. The vessel is open for public tours on most summer weekends, or by appointment. Lightship 83 "Swiftsure" (previously known as Relief) Main article: Swiftsure
Lightship No. 83, aka Swiftsure, built in 1904, is one of Northwest Seaport's historic fleet.
Lightship #83, known to most by its station name, Swiftsure, is a lightvessel launched in Camden, New Jersey, in 1904. It served with the United States Lighthouse Service from 1904-1939 and then the United States Coast Guard from 1939-1960. The ship is now a museum vessel and is moored in Seattle, Washington. In 1904-1905, LV-83 steamed around the tip of South America to her first station at Blunts Reef in California, where she saved 150 people when their ship ran aground in dense fog. In 1929, LV-83 was transferred to the San Francisco lightship station, changing the lettering on its side. It served as an armed patrol boat in WWII, then returned to lightship duty, and then in 1951 was transferred to Seattle and assigned the station name Relief, operating as the alternate, or relief vessel, for the newer primary lightships on the Columbia River bar, Umatilla Reef, and Swiftsure stations. Swiftsure refers to the Swiftsure Bank near the entrance to the Strait of Juan de Fuca separating Washington and Vancouver Island. Swiftsure is one of the oldest lightships in the country and the only one to have her original steam engine. She is 129 feet long, with a beam of 28 feet, six inches and a draft of 12 feet, six inches. Her displacement is 668 tons. Her aids to navigation include a 1,000 watt primary light, a 140-decibel Diaphone foghorn, and a 1,000 pound foredeck fog bell. The ship was decommissioned in 1960, and purchased by Northwest Seaport in 1966. She is listed on the National Register of Historic Places, was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1989, and is on the Washington State Heritage Register. She is moored on Lake Union, in Seattle, Washington, for restoration. Halibut Schooner Tordenskjold The 1911 halibut schooner, Tordenskjold, joined the Northwest Seaport fleet in February 2017. It was built in Seattle's Ballard neighborhood by renown boatbuilder, John Strand, in 1911. Tordenskjold fished the North Pacific and Bering Sea for over 100 years, never missing a season. From 1911 to 1934 its crew of 14 used dories to longline for halibut and cod. Then, after dories were outlawed, longlines were deployed off the boat itself. In 1939 its second captain, Carl Serwold, rerigged the boat as a trawler. Sometimes fishing for himself and sometimes fishing under charter to the International Pacific Halibut Commission, Washington Fish and Game, or other entities, Tordenskjold caught shrimp, king crab, and shark. In 1979 the boat was purchased by Marvin Gjerde and Per Odegaard (owner & captain of the F/V Vansee). They re-rigged Tordenskjold as a longliner again and for the next three-and-a-half decades, Marvin Gjerde fished halibut and black cod again. Tordenskjold retired from active fishing at the end of the 2012 summer season. Gjerde and Odegaard donated Tordenskjold to Northwest Seaport in 2017. The boat is kept in operational condition and visits regional boat shows as Northwest Seaport's mobile ambassador. Fishing troller Twilight Twilight is a 36-foot (11 m) fishing vessel. Launched from Seattle's Fishermen's Terminal in 1933, she trolled in the Pacific until the 1980s, and came to Northwest Seaport in 2000. Twilight is currently stored on shore while funds are raised for its restoration. Schooner Wawona Main article: Wawona (schooner)
The three-masted, fore-and-aft schooner Wawona sailed from 1897 to 1947 as a lumber carrier and later as a fishing vessel based in Puget Sound. The schooner was built in Fairhaven, on California's Humboldt Bay, by H.D. Bendixsen, one of the most important West Coast shipbuilders of the late 19th century. From 1897 to 1913, she carried lumber from Grays Harbor and Puget Sound ports to California. One of her captains, Ralph E. "Matt" Peasley, inspired a series of popular novels. Wawona was 165 feet (50 m) long on deck with a 35-foot (11 m) beam. Her masts, stood 110 feet (34 m) from the keel. She was berthed at South Lake Union Park in Seattle adjacent to the Center for Wooden Boats. She was listed on the National Register of Historic Places, the Washington State Heritage Register, and the vessel was an official city landmark. However, after efforts to restore the decaying ship failed, she was dismantled in March 2009. After conferring with many experts in the maritime heritage field, locally and across the nation, Northwest Seaport created a plan to preserve key artifacts from the vessel. Graduate Students from East Carolina University's graduate program in nautical archaeology documented the Wawona during the Wooden Boat Festival on 4–6 July 2008. In March 2009, the vessel was carefully deconstructed in a local shipyard and artifacts (including wooden knees, beams, and paneling) removed for storage and later display in on-land exhibits and memorials. Some parts of the Wawona were donated to be used on the C.A. Thayer in San Francisco. References
^ a b Howe, Nathaniel (February 2018). "Bringing Home the Catch: Tordenskjold and the Pacific Northwest Halibut Schooners". Wooden Boat. 260: 36–46. ^ Howe, Nathaniel (March 2015). "Fifty Years of Northwest Seaport: A Look at the Restorations of Arthur Foss and Lightship No. 83 Swiftsure". The Sea Chest. Volume 48 Number 3: 123–135. ^ a b The History of the Arthur Foss, Northwest Seaport. Retrieved 01 March 2008. ^ Filmography in Seattle, HistoryLink. Retrieved 01 March 2008. ^ Arthur Foss, Maritime Heritage Network. Retrieved 01 March 2008. ^ a b "ARTHUR FOSS (Tugboat)". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-03-01. ^ a b James P. Delgado (July 9, 1988), National Register of Historic Places Registration: Arthur Foss, ex-Wallowa / Tugboat Arthur Foss (PDF), National Park Service and Accompanying five photos, exterior and interior, from 1988 (816 KB) Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "nrhpinv2" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page). ^ Landmarks Alphabetical Listing for T, Individual Landmarks, Department of Neighborhoods, City of Seattle. Retrieved 28 December 2007. ^ "1933 Fishing Troller TWILIGHT". Northwest Seaport. Retrieved 2014-08-13. ^ Landmarks Alphabetical Listing for S Archived 2011-07-21 at the Wayback Machine., Individual Landmarks, City of Seattle. Retrieved 28 December 2007. ^ "Partner Vessels". Northwest Seaport. Retrieved 2014-08-13.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Northwest Seaport.
Northwest Seaport - official site Maritime Heritage Network, a directory of maritime history resources, attractions, and organizations in the Puget Sound area. Photos Slideshow of the Final Voyage of the Wawona
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Museums in the Puget Sound region
911 Media Arts Center Bellevue Arts Museum Cascadia Art Museum Frye Art Museum Henry Art Gallery Monarch Contemporary Art Center and Sculpture Park Museum of Glass Museum of Northwest Art Olympic Sculpture Park Seattle Art Museum Seattle Asian Art Museum Tacoma Art Museum Whatcom Museum of History and Art
Flying Heritage Collection Future of Flight Aviation Center & Boeing Tour Heritage Flight Museum McChord Air Museum Museum of Flight Olympic Flight Museum Port Townsend Aero Museum
Hands On Children's Museum Imagine Children's Museum KidsQuest Children's Museum Seattle Children's Museum
Museum of Pop Culture Nordic Heritage Museum Northwest African American Museum Suquamish Museum Quinault Museum Wing Luke Museum of the Asian Pacific American Experience
DuPont Museum Eastside Heritage Center Edmonds Historical Museum Harbor History Museum History House of Greater Seattle Issaquah Historical Museums Karshner Museum Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park Mukilteo Light Museum of History and Industry Renton History Museum Seattle Metropolitan Police Museum Seattle Underground Washington State History Museum
Browns Point Light Center for Wooden Boats Coast Guard Museum Northwest Northwest Seaport Snagboat Heritage Center Working Waterfront Maritime Museum
Coast Guard Museum Northwest Lewis Army Museum McChord Air Museum Naval Undersea Museum Puget Sound Coast Artillery Museum Puget Sound Navy Museum Washington National Guard Museum
Burke Museum of Natural History and Culture Museum and Arts Center, Sequim, Washington
Science and technology
America's Car Museum Bellingham Railway Museum Georgetown Steam Plant Living Computers: Museum + Labs Museum of Communications Pacific Science Center SPARK Museum of Electrical Invention Vintage Motorcycle Museum
See also: List of museums in Washington and Museums and galleries of Seattle
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Steamboats of Puget Sound and western Washington State
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Ships of the Mosquito Fleet
Albion Alice (1897) Alice Gertrude Annie M. Pence Aquilo (steamship) Aquilo (yacht) Arcadia Atlanta Audrey Bay Island Bellingham Burton C.C. Calkins C.C. Cherry Calista Camano Clallam Concordia Crest Crystal Daring Dart Dauntless Defiance Dix Dode Dove Eagle Elfin Elk El Primero Elsinore Fleetwood Florence K Fortuna Flyer General Miles Hattie Hansen Hector Hyak Inland Flyer Iola Island Princess Islander Katherine L.T. Haas Lady of the Lake Magnolia Mizpah Monticello 2 Otter Quickstep Rosalie Sentinel Triton Urania Vashon Verona Victor Virginia V Willapa
Aquilo (yacht) City of Sacramento Coho Duwamish El Primero Jessie Banning Kulshan Potlatch Sioux Sol Duc Tacoma
Bailey Gatzert Capital City Chehalis City of Shelton Clara Brown Comet Daisy Elwood Enterprise (1855) Emma Hayward Fairhaven Fidalgo Greyhound Hassalo (1880) Henry Bailey Irene Messenger Monte Cristo Multnomah Northern Light Old Settler Otter S.G. Simpson Teaser Triumph Wenat WT Preston Zephyr
Alaskan Beaver Cyrus Walker Eliza Anderson Fairy George E. Starr Idaho King County Kirkland Leschi North Pacific Ocean Wave Olympia Olympian T.J. Potter Wilson G. Hunt West Seattle Yosemite
Alice (1897) C.C. Cherry Cyrus Walker Duwamish Echo Elk Goliah (1849) Goliah (1907) Hector Rabboni Portland (1875) Richard Holyoke Ruth Wallowa
Bailey Gatzert City of Sacramento Beeline Fortuna Sioux
City of Clinton City of Mukilteo City of Seattle Issaquah King County Leschi West Seattle
Alverene Bainbridge Carlisle II Coho Falcon Lotus Speeder Suquamish
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Companies, shipyards, and personnel
Passenger and freight
Angeles Brewing & Malting Co. Black Ball Line Hale Pass. & Wollochet Bay Nav. Co. Hansen Trans. Co. Hunt Bros. Island Trans. Co. Kitsap County Trans. Co. La Conner Trading & Trans. Co. McDowell Trans. Co. Merchants Trans. Co. Moe Bros. Oregon Rwy & Nav. Co. Oregon Steam Navig. Co. Puget Sound Nav. Co. Pacific Coast Steamship Straits Steamship Co. Tacoma & Burton Nav. Co. Vashon Nav. Co.
Pacific Tow Boat Co.
Kitsap County Trans. Co. Oreg. & Wash. Ferry & Nav. Go. Puget Sound Nav. Co. West Seattle Land & Improv. Co.
Crawford & Reid J.F. Duthie Holland King & Winge Lake Washington Moran Bros. Martinolich
William Ballard Thomas Coupe Joshua Green Matthew McDowell
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Steamboats in other areas
Articles by area
Lake Washington Columbia River Cowlitz River Grays Harbor Willapa Bay Columbia River (Wenatchee Reach) Lake Crescent
Columbia River Willamette River Oregon Coast Yaquina Bay Coquille River Coos Bay
Upper Fraser River Lakes Route Arrow Lakes Okanagan Lake Upper Columbia and Kootenay Rivers Skeena River Stikine River Peace River
Alaska and Yukon
Columbia River British Columbia California
Lists of vessels
List of ships in British Columbia List of Royal Navy ships in the Pacific Northwest List of steamboats on the Columbia River
related topic: Washin