HOME
The Info List - Northern Sea Route





The Northern Sea Route
Northern Sea Route
(Russian: Се́верный морско́й путь, Severnyy morskoy put, shortened to Севморпуть, Sevmorput) is a shipping route officially defined by Russian legislation as lying east of Novaya Zemlya
Novaya Zemlya
and specifically running along the Russian Arctic
Arctic
coast from the Kara Sea, along Siberia, to the Bering Strait. The entire route lies in Arctic
Arctic
waters and within Russia's Exclusive Economic Zone
Exclusive Economic Zone
(EEZ). Parts are free of ice for only two months per year. The overall route on Russia's side of the Arctic between North Cape and the Bering Strait
Bering Strait
has been called the Northeast Passage, analogous to the Northwest Passage
Northwest Passage
on the Canada side. While the Northeast Passage
Northeast Passage
includes all the East Arctic
Arctic
seas and connects the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, the Northern Sea Route
Northern Sea Route
does not include the Barents Sea, and it therefore does not reach the Atlantic.[1][2][3] Melting Arctic
Arctic
ice caps are likely to increase traffic in and the commercial viability of the Northern Sea Route.[4][5] One study, for instance, projects, "remarkable shifts in trade flows between Asia and Europe, diversion of trade within Europe, heavy shipping traffic in the Arctic
Arctic
and a substantial drop in Suez traffic. Projected shifts in trade also imply substantial pressure on an already threatened Arctic ecosystem."[6]

Contents

1 History 2 See also 3 Further reading 4 References 5 External links

History[edit] Further information: Northeast Passage
Northeast Passage
§ History The route was first conquered by Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld's Vega expedition. A Russian Federal state Institution “The Northern Sea Route Administration” was established in 2013 to organize navigation in the water area of the Northern sea route by issuing navigation permissions and contributing to support activities.[7] Number of complete through transits per flag state.[8]

Year Total Russia Singapore Finland Norway Germany Spain China Greece Hong Kong Sweden Netherlands Other

2011 41 26 4 2 2 1 1

5

2012 46 18

6 5

2

15

2013 71 46

2 2

2 1

18

2014 53 47

3

3

2015 18 10

2

1 1 4

2016 18 7

1

2

8

In August 2017, the first ship traversed the Northern Sea Route without the use of ice-breakers.[9] According to the New York Times, this forebodes more shipping through the Arctic, as the sea ice melts and makes shipping easier.[9] A 2016 report by the Copenhagen Business School found that large-scale trans- Arctic
Arctic
shipping will become economically viable by 2040.[10][9] See also[edit]

Nautical portal Arctic
Arctic
portal

Arctic
Arctic
shipping routes Arctic
Arctic
Bridge Arctic
Arctic
cooperation and politics Arctic
Arctic
policy of Russia David Melgueiro List of Russian explorers Northwest Passage Territorial claims in the Arctic Transpolar Sea Route

Further reading[edit]

Østreng, Willy; Eger, Karl Magnus; Fløistad, Brit; Jørgensen-Dahl, Arnfinn; Lothe, Lars; Mejlænder-Larsen, Morten; Wergeland, Tor (2013). Shipping in Arctic
Arctic
Waters: A Comparison of the Northeast, Northwest and Trans Polar Passages. Springer. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-16790-4. ISBN 978-3642167898.  Keupp (Ed.), Marcus M. (2015). The Northern Sea Route. SpringerGabler. ISBN 978-3-658-04080-2. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)

References[edit]

^ a b Brigham, L.; McCalla, R.; Cunningham, E.; Barr, W.; VanderZwaag, D.; Chircop, A.; Santos-Pedro, V.M.; MacDonald, R.; Harder, S.; Ellis, B.; Snyder, J.; Huntington, H.; Skjoldal, H.; Gold, M.; Williams, M.; Wojhan, T.; Williams, M.; Falkingham, J. (2009). Brigham, Lawson; Santos-Pedro, V.M.; Juurmaa, K., eds. Arctic
Arctic
marine shipping assessment (AMSA) (PDF). Norway: Protection of the Arctic
Arctic
Marine Environment (PAME), Arctic
Arctic
Council. Archived (PDF) from the original on November 1, 2014.  ^ Østreng, Willy; Eger, Karl Magnus; Fløistad, Brit; Jørgensen-Dahl, Arnfinn; Lothe, Lars; Mejlænder-Larsen, Morten; Wergeland, Tor (2013). Shipping in Arctic
Arctic
Waters: A Comparison of the Northeast, Northwest and Trans Polar Passages. Springer. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-16790-4. ISBN 978-3642167898.  ^ Buixadé Farré, Albert; Stephenson, Scott R.; Chen, Linling; Czub, Michael; Dai, Ying; Demchev, Denis; Efimov, Yaroslav; Graczyk, Piotr; Grythe, Henrik; Keil, Kathrin; Kivekäs, Niku; Kumar, Naresh; Liu, Nengye; Matelenok, Igor; Myksvoll, Mari; O'Leary, Derek; Olsen, Julia; Pavithran .A.P., Sachin; Petersen, Edward; Raspotnik, Andreas; Ryzhov, Ivan; Solski, Jan; Suo, Lingling; Troein, Caroline; Valeeva, Vilena; van Rijckevorsel, Jaap; Wighting, Jonathan (October 16, 2014). "Commercial Arctic
Arctic
shipping through the Northeast Passage: Routes, resources, governance, technology, and infrastructure". Polar Geography. Taylor & Francis. doi:10.1080/1088937X.2014.965769 . Archived (PDF) from the original on December 5, 2015.  ^ Fountain, Henry (2017-07-23). "With More Ships in the Arctic, Fears of Disaster Rise". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-07-24.  ^ McGrath, Matt (2017-08-24). "First tanker crosses northern sea route without ice breaker". BBC News. Retrieved 2017-08-24.  ^ Bekkers, Eddy; Francois, Joseph F.; Rojas-Romagosa, Hugo (2016-12-01). "Melting Ice
Ice
Caps and the Economic Impact of Opening the Northern Sea Route". The Economic Journal: n/a–n/a. doi:10.1111/ecoj.12460. ISSN 1468-0297. Archived from the original on 2016-12-20.  ^ Object of activity and functions of NSRA Archived 2016-08-11 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Northern Sea Route
Northern Sea Route
Information Office - Transit Statistics Archived 2016-09-04 at the Wayback Machine. ^ a b c Goldman, Russell (2017-08-25). "Russian Tanker Completes Arctic
Arctic
Passage Without Aid of Icebreakers". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-08-26.  ^ " Arctic
Arctic
shipping - Commercial opportunities and challenges" (PDF). 

External links[edit]

Rules of navigation in the water area of the Northern Sea Route Ministry of Transport of Russia, January 17, 2013 International Northern Sea Route
Northern Sea Route
Programme Russian State Museum of the Arctic
Arctic
and Antarctic, The discovery and history of exploration of the Northern Sea Route Pictures - during NE passage Tanker Vladimir Tikhonov Completes Successful Northern Sea Route Transit in a Week Armstrong, Terence. The Northern Sea Route
Northern Sea Route
(Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1952) Belov, M. I. Istoriia otkrytiia i osveniia Severnogo Morskogo Puti, 4 vols. (Leningrad, 1956–1969) Horensma, Piers. The Soviet Arctic
Arctic
(London: Routledge, 1991) McCannon, John. Red Arctic
Arctic
(New York: Oxford University Press, 1998) Konyshev, Valery & Sergunin, Alexander: Is Russia
Russia
a revisionist military power in the Arctic? Defense & Security Analysis, September 2014. Konyshev, Valery & Sergunin, Alexander. Russia
Russia
in search of its Arctic
Arctic
strategy: between hard and soft power? Polar Journal, April 2014.

v t e

Arctic
Arctic
topics

History

Arctic
Arctic
research Exploration of the Arctic History of whaling

Government

Arctic
Arctic
Council Arctic
Arctic
cooperation and politics Arctic
Arctic
Ocean Conference Chief Directorate of the Northern Sea Route Ilulissat Declaration Inuit
Inuit
Circumpolar Council Saami Council Territorial claims in the Arctic United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea

Geography

Arctic
Arctic
Circle Arctic
Arctic
ecology Arctic
Arctic
Ocean Arctic
Arctic
Cyclone Arctic
Arctic
geography terminology Greenland
Greenland
ice sheet Impact craters of the Arctic Nordicity North Pole Populated places in the Arctic Tundra

Regions

Arctic
Arctic
Alaska British Arctic
Arctic
Territories Canadian Arctic
Arctic
Archipelago Finnmark Greenland Northern Canada Northwest Territories Nunavik Nunavut Russian Arctic Sakha Sápmi Yukon North American Arctic

Climate

Arctic
Arctic
Climate Impact Assessment Arctic
Arctic
dipole anomaly Arctic
Arctic
oscillation Arctic
Arctic
sea ice

decline ecology and history

Climate change in the Arctic Climate of Alaska Effects of global warming on marine mammals Polar climate Polar amplification Polar vortex

Fauna

Arctic
Arctic
fox Beluga whale Bowhead whale Lemming Muskox Narwhal Polar bear Reindeer Seal

bearded harp hooded ribbon ringed

Snowy owl Walrus

Flora

Arctic
Arctic
ecology Arctic
Arctic
vegetation Tundra

Culture

Arctic
Arctic
peoples Subarctic peoples Chukchi Chukotka Evenks Inuit Gwich'in Khanty Koryaks Nenets Northern indigenous Russian peoples Sami Selkup Yakuts Yukaghir Arctic
Arctic
Winter Games Tsagaan Sar
Tsagaan Sar
(New Year's Day)

Economy

Natural resources Petroleum exploration

Arctic
Arctic
Refuge drilling controversy

Protected areas Transportation

Transport

Arctic
Arctic
Bridge Arctic
Arctic
shipping routes Northeast Passage Northwest Passage Northern Sea Route Polar air route Transpolar Sea Route Search and rescue

Category Portal WikiProject

v t e

Polar exploration

Arctic

Ocean History Expeditions Research stations

Farthest North North Pole

Barentsz Hudson Marmaduke Carolus Parry North Magnetic Pole

J. Ross J. C. Ross Abernethy Kane Hayes

Polaris

Polaris C. F. Hall

British Arctic
Arctic
Expedition

HMS Alert Nares HMS Discovery Stephenson Markham

Lady Franklin Bay Expedition

Greely Lockwood Brainard

1st Fram
Fram
expedition

Fram Nansen Johansen Sverdrup

Jason

Amedeo

F. Cook Peary Sedov Byrd Airship Norge

Amundsen Nobile Wisting Riiser-Larsen Ellsworth

Airship Italia Nautilus

Wilkins

ANT-25

Chkalov Baydukov Belyakov

"North Pole" manned drifting ice stations NP-1

Papanin Shirshov E. Fyodorov Krenkel

NP-36 NP-37 Sedov

Badygin Wiese

USS Nautilus USS Skate Plaisted Herbert NS Arktika Barneo Arktika 2007

Mir submersibles Sagalevich Chilingarov

Iceland Greenland

Pytheas Brendan Papar Vikings Naddodd Svavarsson Arnarson Norse colonization of the Americas Ulfsson Galti Erik the Red Christian IV's expeditions

J. Hall Cunningham Lindenov C. Richardson

Danish colonization

Egede

Scoresby Jason

Nansen Sverdrup

Peary Rasmussen

Northwest Passage Northern Canada

Cabot G. Corte-Real M. Corte-Real Frobisher Gilbert Davis Hudson Discovery

Bylot Baffin

Munk I. Fyodorov Gvozdev HMS Resolution

J. Cook

HMS Discovery

Clerke

Mackenzie Kotzebue J. Ross HMS Griper

Parry

HMS Hecla

Lyon

HMS Fury

Hoppner

Crozier J. C. Ross Coppermine Expedition Franklin Back Dease Simpson HMS Blossom

Beechey

Franklin's lost expedition

HMS Erebus HMS Terror

Collinson Rae–Richardson Expedition

Rae J. Richardson

Austin McClure Expedition

HMS Investigator McClure HMS Resolute Kellett

Belcher Kennedy Bellot Isabel

Inglefield

2nd Grinnell Expedition

USS Advance Kane

Fox

McClintock

HMS Pandora

Young

Fram

Sverdrup

Gjøa

Amundsen

Rasmussen Karluk

Stefansson Bartlett

St. Roch

H. Larsen

Cowper

North East Passage Russian Arctic

Pomors Koch boats Willoughby Chancellor Barentsz Mangazeya Hudson Poole Siberian Cossacks Perfilyev Stadukhin Dezhnev Popov Ivanov Vagin Permyakov Great Northern Expedition

Bering Chirikov Malygin Ovtsyn Minin V. Pronchishchev M. Pronchishcheva Chelyuskin Kh. Laptev D. Laptev

Chichagov Lyakhov Billings Sannikov Gedenschtrom Wrangel Matyushkin Anjou Litke Lavrov Pakhtusov Tsivolko Middendorff Austro-Hungarian Expedition

Weyprecht Payer

Vega Expedition

A. E. Nordenskiöld Palander

USS Jeannette

De Long

Yermak

Makarov

Zarya

Toll Kolomeitsev Matisen Kolchak

Sedov Rusanov Kuchin Brusilov Expedition

Sv. Anna Brusilov Albanov Konrad

Wiese Nagórski Taymyr / Vaygach

Vilkitsky

Maud

Amundsen

AARI

Samoylovich

Begichev Urvantsev Sadko

Ushakov

Glavsevmorput

Schmidt

Aviaarktika

Shevelev

Sibiryakov

Voronin

Chelyuskin Krassin Gakkel Nuclear-powered icebreakers

NS Lenin Arktika class

Antarctic

Continent History Expeditions

Southern Ocean

Roché Bouvet Kerguelen HMS Resolution

J. Cook

HMS Adventure

Furneaux

Smith San Telmo Vostok

Bellingshausen

Mirny

Lazarev

Bransfield Palmer Davis Weddell Morrell Astrolabe

Dumont d'Urville

United States Exploring Expedition

USS Vincennes Wilkes

USS Porpoise

Ringgold

Ross expedition

HMS Erebus (J. C. Ross Abernethy) HMS Terror (Crozier)

Cooper Challenger expedition

HMS Challenger Nares Murray

Jason

C. A. Larsen

"Heroic Age"

Belgian Antarctic
Antarctic
Expedition

Belgica de Gerlache Lecointe Amundsen Cook Arctowski Racoviță Dobrowolski

Southern Cross

Southern Cross Borchgrevink

Discovery

Discovery Discovery Hut

Gauss

Gauss Drygalski

Swedish Antarctic
Antarctic
Expedition

Antarctic O. Nordenskjöld C. A. Larsen

Scottish Antarctic
Antarctic
Expedition

Bruce Scotia

Orcadas Base Nimrod Expedition

Nimrod

French Antarctic
Antarctic
Expeditions

Pourquoi-Pas Charcot

Japanese Antarctic
Antarctic
Expedition

Shirase

Amundsen's South Pole
South Pole
expedition

Fram Amundsen Framheim Polheim

Terra Nova

Terra Nova Scott Wilson E. R. Evans Crean Lashly

Filchner Australasian Antarctic
Antarctic
Expedition

SY Aurora Mawson

Far Eastern Party Imperial Trans- Antarctic
Antarctic
Expedition

Endurance Ernest Shackleton Wild

James Caird Ross Sea party

Mackintosh

Shackleton–Rowett Expedition

Quest

IPY · IGY Modern research

Christensen Byrd BANZARE BGLE

Rymill

New Swabia

Ritscher

Operation Tabarin

Marr

Operation Highjump Captain Arturo Prat Base British Antarctic
Antarctic
Survey Operation Windmill

Ketchum

Ronne Expedition

F. Ronne E. Ronne Schlossbach

Operation Deep Freeze McMurdo Station Commonwealth Trans- Antarctic
Antarctic
Expedition

Hillary V. Fuchs

Soviet Antarctic
Antarctic
Expeditions

1st

Somov Klenova Mirny

2nd

Tryoshnikov

3rd

Tolstikov

Antarctic
Antarctic
Treaty System Transglobe Expedition

Fiennes Burton

Lake Vostok Kapitsa

Farthest South South Pole

HMS Resolution

J. Cook

HMS Adventure

Furneaux

Weddell HMS Erebus

J. C. Ross

HMS Terror

Crozier

Southern Cross

Borchgrevink

Discovery

Barne

Nimrod

Shackleton Wild Marshall Adams

South Magnetic Pole

Mawson David Mackay

Amundsen's South Pole
South Pole
expedition

Fram Amundsen Bjaaland Helmer Hassel Wisting Polheim

Terra Nova

Scott E. Evans Oates Wilson Bowers

Byrd Balchen McKinley Dufek Amundsen–Scott South Pole
South Pole
Station Hillary V. Fuchs Pole of Cold

Vostok Station

Pole of inaccessibility

Pole of Inaccessibility Station Tolstikov

Crary A. F

.