The NORTH EASTERN PROVINCE was one of the provinces of
* 1 History * 2 Provincial Council * 3 Governors * 4 References * 5 External links
The Indo-Lanka Accord signed on 29 July 1987 required the Sri Lankan government to devolve powers to the provinces and, in the interim , to merge the Northern and Eastern provinces into one administrative unit . The accord required a referendum to be held by 31 December 1988 in the Eastern Province to decide whether the merger should be permanent. Crucially, the accord allowed the Sri Lankan president to postpone the referendum at his discretion
On 14 November 1987 the Sri Lankan Parliament passed the 13th Amendment to the 1978 Constitution of Sri Lanka and the Provincial Councils Act No 42 of 1987, establishing provincial councils. Nine provincial councils were created by order on 3 February 1988. On 2 and 8 September 1988 President Jayewardene issued proclamations enabling the Northern and Eastern provinces to be one administrative unit administered by one elected Council. The North Eastern Province was born.
The proclamations were only meant to be a temporary measure until a referendum was held in the Eastern Province on a permanent merger between the two provinces. However, the referendum was never held and successive Sri Lankan presidents have issued proclamations annually extending the life of the "temporary" entity.
The merger was bitterly opposed by Sri Lankan nationalists. The
combined North Eastern Province occupied one fourth of Sri Lanka. The
thought of the Tamil Tigers controlling this province, directly or
indirectly, alarmed them greatly. On 14 July 2006, after a long
campaign against the merger, the JVP filed three separate petitions
with the Supreme Court of
The 13th Amendment to the 1978 Constitution of Sri Lanka and the Provincial Councils Act No 42 of 1987 established provincial councils. Nine provincial councils were created by order on 3 February 1988. The first elections for provincial councils took place on 28 April 1988 in North Central , North Western , Sabaragamuwa , and Uva provinces.
Elections in the newly merged North Eastern Province were scheduled
for 19 November 1988. However, the
Indian Peace Keeping Force (IPKF),
which at that time occupied the province, rigged the elections in the
north so that the Eelam People\'s Revolutionary Liberation Front
Eelam National Democratic Liberation Front (ENDLF), two
Indian backed paramilitary groups, won all of the 36 seats in the
north uncontested. However, elections did take place for the 35 seats
in the east. The
On 1 March 1990, just as the IPKF were preparing to withdraw from Sri Lanka, Perumal moved a motion in the North-East Provincial Council declaraing an independent Eelam . President Premadasa reacted to Perumal's UDI by dissolving the provincial council and imposing direct rule on the province.
The province was ruled directly from
Main article: Provincial Governors of
The governors of the Sri Lankan provinces tend to be mostly retired politicians, judges and military officers. The North Eastern Province had six governors in its 18 years of existence:
NO. NAME TOOK OFFICE LEFT OFFICE
2 Lionel Fernando 30 November 1993 23 August 1994
3 Gamini Fonseka 13 January 1995 20 October 1998
4 Major General Ashoka Jayawardene 13 November 1998 30 November 2004
5 Tyronne Fernando 6 December 2004 20 January 2006
* ^ Department of Census & Statistics Statistical Abstract 2007
(Area & Climate)
* ^ A B C D E F G "North-East merger illegal:SC".
LankaNewspapers.com. 17 October 2006. Retrieved 22 August 2009.
* ^ "Indo