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The Northeast Corridor
Northeast Corridor
(NEC) is an electrified railroad line in the Northeast megalopolis
Northeast megalopolis
of the United States. Owned primarily by Amtrak, it runs from Boston
Boston
through Providence, New York City, Philadelphia, and Baltimore
Baltimore
to Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
The NEC closely parallels Interstate 95 for most of its length, and is the busiest passenger rail line in the United States
United States
by ridership and service frequency as of 2013.[2] The NEC carries more than 2,200 trains daily.[3] Branches to Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, and Springfield, Massachusetts, though not considered part of the Northeast Corridor, see frequent service from routes that run largely on the corridor. The corridor is used by many Amtrak
Amtrak
trains, including the high-speed Acela Express, intercity trains, and several long-distance trains. Most of the corridor also has frequent commuter rail service, operated by the MBTA, Shore Line East, Metro-North Railroad, New Jersey Transit, SEPTA, and MARC. Several companies run freight trains over sections of the NEC. Much of the line is built for speeds higher than the 79 mph (127 km/h) maximum allowed on many U.S. tracks. Amtrak
Amtrak
operates intercity Northeast Regional
Northeast Regional
and Keystone Service
Keystone Service
trains at up to 125 mph (201 km/h), as well as North America's only high-speed train, the Acela Express, which runs up to 150 mph (241 km/h) on a few sections in Massachusetts
Massachusetts
and Rhode Island. Acela covers the 225 miles (362 km) between New York and Washington, D.C., in under 3 hours, and the 229 miles (369 km) between New York and Boston
Boston
in under 3.5 hours.[4][5] Under Amtrak's $151 billion Northeast Corridor
Northeast Corridor
plan, which hopes to roughly halve travel times by 2040, trips between New York and Washington via Philadelphia
Philadelphia
would take 94 minutes.[6][7]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Origins

1.1.1 Boston–New York 1.1.2 New York–Washington, D.C.

1.2 Electrification, 1905–38

1.2.1 New York section 1.2.2 New York to Washington electrification 1.2.3 Re-signaling

1.3 Founding and operation of Amtrak

1.3.1 Reorganization and bankruptcy 1.3.2 Northeast Corridor
Northeast Corridor
Improvement Project 1.3.3 1990s implementation of high-speed rail 1.3.4 2000-present

2 Infrastructure

2.1 Electrification 2.2 Stations

2.2.1 Abbreviations

2.3 Grade crossings

2.3.1 History 2.3.2 Crossing list

3 Passenger ridership 4 Current rail service

4.1 Intercity passenger services 4.2 Commuter rail

4.2.1 Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) 4.2.2 Shore Line East 4.2.3 Metro-North Railroad
Metro-North Railroad
(MNRR) 4.2.4 Long Island Rail Road
Long Island Rail Road
(LIRR) 4.2.5 New Jersey
New Jersey
Transit (NJT) 4.2.6 SEPTA 4.2.7 MARC Train

4.3 Freight services

5 Future

5.1 "A vision for High-Speed Rail" 5.2 Gateway Project 5.3 Harold Interlocking 5.4 New Brunswick–Trenton high-speed upgrade 5.5 Replacement of bridge over Hutchinson River 5.6 New trains for Acela 5.7 NEC Future Environmental Impact Statement

6 See also 7 Notes 8 References 9 Further reading 10 External links

History[edit] Origins[edit]

Sections owned by Amtrak
Amtrak
are in red; sections with commuter service are highlighted in blue.

The Northeast Corridor
Northeast Corridor
was built by several railroads between the 1830s and 1917. The route was later consolidated under two railroads: the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad
New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad
(NYNH&H) between Boston
Boston
and New York, and the Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Railroad (PRR) between New York and Washington. Boston–New York[edit]

Boston–Providence: Boston
Boston
and Providence Railroad opened 1835, partially realigned in 1847 and in 1899. Became part of the Old Colony Railroad in 1888.[8] Providence–Stonington: New York, Providence and Boston
Boston
Railroad opened 1837; partially realigned 1848.[citation needed] Stonington–New Haven: New Haven, New London and Stonington Railroad opened 1852–1889, realigned in New Haven, 1894.[citation needed] New Haven–New Rochelle: New York and New Haven Railroad
New York and New Haven Railroad
opened 1849.[citation needed] New Rochelle–Port Morris: Harlem River and Port Chester Railroad opened 1873.[citation needed] Port Morris–Sunnyside Yard: New York Connecting Railroad
New York Connecting Railroad
(joint venture between NYNH&H and PRR): opened 1917.[citation needed]

New York–Washington, D.C.[edit]

Sunnyside Yard– Manhattan
Manhattan
Transfer: Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Tunnel and Terminal Railroad opened 1910.[9] Manhattan
Manhattan
Transfer–Trenton: United New Jersey
New Jersey
Railroad and Canal Company opened 1834-1839, 1841; partially realigned 1863 and 1870.[citation needed] Trenton–Frankford Junction: Philadelphia
Philadelphia
and Trenton Railroad opened 1834; partially realigned 1911.[citation needed] Frankford Junction–Zoo Tower: Connecting Railway
Connecting Railway
opened 1867.[citation needed] Zoo Tower–Grays Ferry Bridge: Junction Railroad opened 1863–1866.[citation needed] Grays Ferry–Bayview: Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore
Baltimore
Railroad opened 1837–1838,[10] 1866, 1906.[citation needed] Bayview Yard– Baltimore
Baltimore
Union Station: Union Railroad opened 1873.[11] Baltimore
Baltimore
Union Station–Landover: Baltimore
Baltimore
and Potomac Rail Road opened 1872.[12] Landover–Washington, D.C.: Magruder Branch opened 1907[13]

Electrification, 1905–38[edit] New York section[edit] The New York Central Railroad
New York Central Railroad
(NYC) began planning electrification between Grand Central Terminal
Grand Central Terminal
and the split at Mott Haven after the opening of the first electrified urban rail terminal in 1900, the Gare d'Orsay in Paris, France.[citation needed] Electricity was in use on some branch lines of the NYNH&H for interurban streetcars via third rail or trolley wire.[citation needed] An accident in the Park Avenue Tunnel near the present Grand Central Terminal
Grand Central Terminal
that killed 17 people on January 8, 1902 was blamed on smoke from steam locomotives; the resulting outcry led to a push for electric operation in Manhattan.[14][15][16] The NH announced in 1905 that it would electrify its main line from New York to Stamford, Connecticut.[citation needed] Along with the construction of the new Grand Central Terminal, opened in 1912, the NYC electrified its lines, beginning on December 11, 1906 with suburban multiple unit service to High Bridge on the Hudson Line.[citation needed] Electric locomotives began serving Grand Central on February 13, 1907, and all NYC passenger service into Grand Central was electrified on July 1.[citation needed] NH electrification began on July 24 to New Rochelle, August 5 to Port Chester and October 6, 1907 the rest of the way to Stamford.[citation needed] Steam trains last operated into Grand Central on June 30, 1908, after which all NH passenger trains into Manhattan
Manhattan
were electrified.[citation needed] In June 1914, the NH electrification was extended to New Haven, which was the terminus of electrified service for over 80 years.[17] At the same time, the PRR was building its Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Station and electrified approaches, which were served by the PRR's lines in New Jersey and the Long Island Rail Road
Long Island Rail Road
(LIRR). LIRR electric service began in 1905 on the Atlantic Branch
Atlantic Branch
from downtown Brooklyn past Jamaica, and in June 1910 on the branch to Long Island
Long Island
City, part of the main line to Penn Station.[citation needed] Penn Station opened September 8, 1910 for LIRR trains and November 27 for the PRR; trains of both railroads were powered by DC electricity from a third rail.[citation needed] PRR trains changed engines (electric to/from steam) at Manhattan
Manhattan
Transfer; passengers could also transfer there to H&M trains to downtown Manhattan.[citation needed] On July 29, 1911, NH began electric service on its Harlem River Branch, a suburban branch that would become a main line with the completion of the New York Connecting Railroad
New York Connecting Railroad
and its Hell Gate Bridge.[citation needed] The bridge opened on April 1, 1917, but was operated by steam with an engine change at Sunnyside Yard
Sunnyside Yard
east of Penn Station until 1918.[citation needed] Electrification of the portion north of New Haven to Providence and Boston
Boston
had been planned by the NH, and authorized by the company's board of directors shortly before the United States
United States
entered World War I.[citation needed] This plan was not carried out because of the war and the company's financial problems.[citation needed] New York to Washington electrification[edit] Main article: Amtrak's 25 Hz Traction Power System

"K" Tower, north of Washington Union Station, is the only remaining interlocking tower on the Northeast Corridor
Northeast Corridor
south of Philadelphia

In 1905, the PRR began to electrify its suburban lines at Philadelphia, an effort that eventually led to 11kV, 25Hz AC catenary from New York and Washington.[citation needed] Electric service began in September 1915, with multiple unit trains west to Paoli on the PRR Main Line (now the Keystone Corridor).[18] Electric service to Chestnut Hill (now the Chestnut Hill West Line), including a stretch of the NEC, began March 30, 1918.[citation needed] Local electric service to Wilmington, Delaware, on the NEC began September 30, 1928, and to Trenton, New Jersey, on June 29, 1930.[citation needed] Electrified service between Exchange Place, the Jersey City terminal, and New Brunswick, New Jersey
New Jersey
began on December 8, 1932, including the extension of Penn Station electric service from Manhattan Transfer.[citation needed] On January 16, 1933, the rest of the electrification between New Brunswick and Trenton opened, giving a fully electrified line between New York and Wilmington. Trains to Washington began running under electricity to Wilmington on February 12, with the engine change moved from Manhattan
Manhattan
Transfer to Wilmington.[citation needed] The same was done on April 9 for trains running west from Philadelphia, with the change point moved to Paoli.[citation needed] In 1933, the electrification south of Wilmington was stalled by the Great Depression, but the PRR got a loan from Public Works Administration to resume work.[19] The tunnels at Baltimore
Baltimore
were rebuilt, and electric service between New York and Washington began February 10, 1935.[citation needed] On April 7, the electrification of passenger trains was complete, with 639 daily trains: 191 hauled by locomotives and the other 448 under multiple-unit power.[citation needed] New York-Washington electric freight service began May 20 after the electrification of freight lines in New Jersey
New Jersey
and Washington.[citation needed] Extensions to Potomac Yard
Potomac Yard
across the Potomac River
Potomac River
from Washington, as well as several freight branches along the way, were electrified in 1937 and 1938.[citation needed] The Potomac Yard
Potomac Yard
retained its electrification until 1981.[citation needed] Re-signaling[edit] In the 1930s, PRR equipped the New York-Washington line with Pulse code cab signaling. Between 1998 and 2003, this system was overlaid with an Alstom
Alstom
Advanced Civil Speed Enforcement System
Advanced Civil Speed Enforcement System
(ACSES), using track-mounted transponders similar to the Balises of the modern European Train Control System.[20] The ACSES will enable Amtrak
Amtrak
to implement positive train control to comply with the Rail Safety Improvement Act of 2008.[citation needed] Founding and operation of Amtrak[edit] Reorganization and bankruptcy[edit]

The Congressional, a Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Railroad train, after it leaves the Hudson River Tunnels on its way to Washington, DC., 1968

In December 1967, the UAC Turbotrain set a speed record for a production train: 170.8 miles per hour (274.8 kilometers per hour) between New Brunswick and Trenton, New Jersey.[21] In February 1968, PRR merged with its former rival New York Central Railroad to form the Penn Central (PC). Penn Central was required to absorb the New Haven in 1969 as a condition of the merger, which brought the entire Washington- Boston
Boston
corridor under the control of a single company.[citation needed] On September 21, 1970, all New York- Boston
Boston
trains except the Turboservice were rerouted into Penn Station from Grand Central;[citation needed] the Turboservice was moved on February 1, 1971 for cross-platform transfers to the Metroliners.[22] In 1971, Amtrak
Amtrak
began operations. As well, various state governments took control of portions of the NEC for their commuter transportation authorities. In January, the State of Massachusetts
Massachusetts
bought the Attleboro/Stoughton Line in Massachusetts,[citation needed] later operated by the Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Bay Transportation Authority. The same month, the New York State
New York State
Metropolitan Transportation Authority bought and Connecticut
Connecticut
leased from Penn Central their sections of the New Haven Line, between Woodlawn, Bronx, New York and New Haven, Connecticut.[22] In 1973, the Regional Rail Reorganization Act opened the way for Amtrak
Amtrak
to buy sections of the NEC not already been sold to these commuter transportation authorities. These purchases by Amtrak
Amtrak
were controversial at the time, and the Department of Transportation blocked the transaction and withheld purchase funds for several months until Amtrak
Amtrak
granted it control over reconstruction of the corridor.[23] In February 1975, the Preliminary System Plan for Conrail
Conrail
proposed to stop running freight trains on the NEC between Groton, Connecticut, and Hillsgrove, Rhode Island, but this clause was rejected the following month by the U.S. Railway Association.[24] By April 1976, Amtrak
Amtrak
owned the entire NEC except Boston
Boston
to the RI state line which is owned by the Commonwealth of Mass and New Haven to the New Rochelle, New York, which is owned by States of Connecticut and New York. Amtrak
Amtrak
still operates and maintains the portion in Massachusetts, but the line from New Haven to New Rochelle, New York, is operated by the Metro-North Railroad, which has hindered the establishment of high-speed service.[citation needed] Northeast Corridor
Northeast Corridor
Improvement Project[edit]

Northeast Corridor
Northeast Corridor
Improvement Project track work in April 1979

In 1976, Congress authorized an overhaul of the system between Washington and Boston.[25] Called the Northeast Corridor
Northeast Corridor
Improvement Project (NECIP), it included safety improvements, modernization of the signaling system by General Railway Signal, and new Centralized Electrification and Traffic Control (CETC) control centers by Chrysler at Philadelphia, New York and Boston.[citation needed] It allowed more trains to run faster and closer together, and set the stage for later high-speed operation. NECIP also introduced the AEM-7
AEM-7
locomotive, which lowered travel times between cities and became the most successful engine on the Corridor.[citation needed] The NECIP set travel time goals of 2 hours and 40 minutes between Washington and New York, and 3 hours and 40 minutes between Boston
Boston
and New York.[26] These goals were not met because of the low level of funding provided by the Reagan Administration and Congress in the 1980s.[27] A project for electrification between New Haven and Boston
Boston
was included in the 1976 Railroad Revitalization and Regulatory Reform Act.[25] All grade crossings on the line have been eliminated between New York and Washington since the mid-1980s. Eleven grade crossings remain in Connecticut.[citation needed] 1990s implementation of high-speed rail[edit] Main article: Amtrak's 60 Hz traction power system

Amtrak
Amtrak
Acela Express
Acela Express
crosses the Susquehanna River
Susquehanna River
in Maryland
Maryland
on a bridge built by the PRR in 1906.

In the 1990s, Amtrak
Amtrak
upgraded the NEC north of New York to ready it for the high-speed Acela Express
Acela Express
trains.[27] Dubbed the Northeast High Speed Rail Improvement Program (NHRIP), the effort eliminated grade crossings, rebuilt bridges, and modified curves. Concrete railroad ties replaced wood ties, and heavier continuous welded rail (CWR) was laid down.[citation needed] In 1996, Amtrak
Amtrak
began installing electrification gear along the 157 miles (253 kilometres) of track between New Haven and Boston. The infrastructure included a new overhead catenary wire made of high-strength silver-bearing copper, specified by Amtrak
Amtrak
and later patented by Phelps Dodge Specialty Copper Products of Elizabeth, New Jersey.[28] 2000-present[edit] Service with electric locomotives between New Haven and Boston
Boston
began on January 31, 2000.[29] The project took four years and cost close to $2.3 billion: $1.3 billion for the infrastructure improvements, and close to $1 billion for both the new Acela Express
Acela Express
trainsets and the Bombardier– Alstom
Alstom
HHP-8 locomotives.[30] On December 11, 2000, Amtrak
Amtrak
began operating its higher-speed Acela Express service.[31] Fastest travel time by Acela is three and a half hours between Boston
Boston
and New York, and two hours and forty-five minutes between New York and Washington, D.C.[32] In 2005, there was talk in Congress of splitting the Northeast Corridor, which was opposed by then acting Amtrak
Amtrak
president David Gunn. The plan, supported by the Bush administration, would "turn over the Northeast Corridor
Northeast Corridor
- the tracks from Washington to Boston
Boston
that are the railroad's main physical asset - to a federal-state consortium."[33] With the passage of the Passenger Rail Investment and Improvement Act of 2008, the Congress established the Northeast Corridor
Northeast Corridor
Commission (NEC Commission) in the U.S. Department of Transportation to facilitate mutual cooperation and planning and to advise Congress on Corridor rail and development policy. The commission members include USDOT, Amtrak
Amtrak
and the Northeast Corridor
Northeast Corridor
states. In August 2011, the United States
United States
Department of Transportation committed $450 million to a six-year project to support capacity increases on one of the busiest segments on the NEC, a 24-mile (39 km) section between New Brunswick and Trenton, passing through Princeton Junction. The Next Generation High-Speed project is designed to upgrade electrical power, signal systems, and overhead catenary wires to improve reliability and increase speeds up to 160 mph (260 km/h), and after the purchase of new equipment, up to 186 mph (299 km/h).[34] In September 2012, speed tests were conducted using Acela train sets, achieving a speed of 165 mph (266 km/h).[35][36] The improvements were scheduled to be completed in 2016, but have been delayed; the project is now scheduled to be finished in 2019.[37] Main article: 2015 Philadelphia
Philadelphia
train derailment

NTSB
NTSB
officials inspect the derailed locomotive 601

Eleven minutes after leaving 30th Street Station
30th Street Station
in Philadelphia
Philadelphia
on May 12, 2015, a year-old ACS-64 locomotive (#601) and all seven Amfleet
Amfleet
I coaches of Amtrak's northbound Northeast Regional
Northeast Regional
(TR#188) derailed at 9:21pm at Frankford Junction
Frankford Junction
(Shore Tower) in the Port Richmond section of the city while entering a 50 mph speed limited (but at the time non-ATC protected) 4º curve at 106 mph killing eight and injuring more than 200 (eight critically) of the 238 passengers and five crew on board as well as causing the suspension of all Philadelphia–New York NEC service for six days.[38][39][40][41] This was the deadliest crash on the Northeast Corridor
Northeast Corridor
since 16 died when Amtrak's Washington-to- Boston
Boston
Colonial (TR#94) rear-ended three stationary Conrail
Conrail
locomotives at Gunpow Interlocking near Baltimore on January 4, 1987.[42] Frankford Junction
Frankford Junction
curve was the site of a previous fatal accident on September 6, 1943 when an extra section of the PRR's Washington to New York Congressional Limited derailed there killing 79 and injuring 117 of the 541 on board.[43] Infrastructure[edit] Main article: List of Northeast Corridor
Northeast Corridor
infrastructure The NEC is a cooperative venture between Amtrak
Amtrak
and various state agencies. Amtrak
Amtrak
owns the track between Washington and New Rochelle, New York, a northern suburb of New York City.[citation needed] The segment from New Rochelle to New Haven is owned by the states of New York and Connecticut; Metro-North Railroad
Metro-North Railroad
commuter trains operate there.[citation needed] Amtrak
Amtrak
owns the tracks north of New Haven to the border between Rhode Island
Rhode Island
and Massachusetts. The final segment from the border north to Boston
Boston
is owned by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.[citation needed] Electrification[edit]

Constant-tension catenary on Amtrak's 60Hz system

At just over 453 miles (729 km), the Northeast Corridor
Northeast Corridor
is the longest electrified rail corridor in the United States.[citation needed] Most electrified railways in the country are for rapid transit or commuter rail use; the Keystone Corridor
Keystone Corridor
is the only other electrified intercity mainline.[citation needed] Currently, the corridor uses three catenary systems. From Washington, D.C., to Sunnyside Yard
Sunnyside Yard
(just east of New York Penn Station), Amtrak's 25Hz traction power system (originally built by the Pennsylvania Railroad) supplies 12 kV at 25 Hz. From Sunnyside to Mill River (just east of New Haven), the former New Haven Railroad's system, since modified by Metro-North, supplies 12.5 kV at 60 Hz.[citation needed] From Mill River to Boston, the much newer 60Hz traction power system supplies 25 kV at 60 Hz.[citation needed] All of Amtrak's electric locomotives can switch between these systems at speed.[citation needed] In addition to catenary, the East River Tunnels
East River Tunnels
have 750 V DC third rail for Long Island Rail Road
Long Island Rail Road
trains, and the North River Tunnels have third rail for emergency use only.[citation needed] In 2006, several high-profile electric-power failures delayed Amtrak and commuter trains on the Northeast Corridor
Northeast Corridor
up to five hours.[44] Railroad officials blamed Amtrak's funding woes for the deterioration of the track and power supply system, which in places is almost a hundred years old. These problems have decreased in recent years after tracks and power systems were repaired and improved.[45][46] In September 2013, one of two feeder lines supplying power to the New Haven Line failed, while the other feeder was disabled for service. The lack of electrical power disrupted trains on Amtrak
Amtrak
and Metro-North Railroad, which share the segment in New York State.[47] Stations[edit] Main article: List of Northeast Corridor
Northeast Corridor
infrastructure There are 109 active stations on the Northeast Corridor; 30 are used by Amtrak. All but three (Kingston, Westerly, and Mystic) see commuter service.[citation needed] Amtrak
Amtrak
owns Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Station in New York, 30th Street Station
30th Street Station
in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Station in Baltimore, and Union Station in Washington.[citation needed] The following is a list of active Amtrak
Amtrak
and commuter rail stations, plus two interlockings where milepost numbering is reset. Abbreviations[edit]

Amtrak
Amtrak
lines: AE=Acela Express, AD=Adirondack, CD=Cardinal, CL=Carolinian, CPL=Capitol Limited, CS=Crescent, EAE=Ethan Allen Express, ES=Empire Service, KS=Keystone, LS=Lake Shore Limited, ML=Maple Leaf, NR=Northeast Regional, PA=Pennsylvanian, PL=Palmetto, SM=Silver Meteor, SS=Silver Star, VT=Vermonter (note that not all trains of that designation necessarily stop at all marked stations) MARC: Served by MARC Penn Line
Penn Line
trains. MBTA: Served by MBTA Providence/Stoughton Line, Franklin Line, Needham Line, and / or Framingham/Worcester Line
Framingham/Worcester Line
trains. MNR: Served by MTA Metro-North Railroad
Metro-North Railroad
New Haven Line, Danbury Branch, New Canaan Branch, and / or Waterbury Branch
Waterbury Branch
trains. NJT: Served by New Jersey
New Jersey
Transit Atlantic City Line, Montclair-Boonton Line, Morristown Line, Gladstone Branch, North Jersey Coast Line, and / or Northeast Corridor Line
Northeast Corridor Line
trains. LIRR: Served by the Long Island Rail Road
Long Island Rail Road
City Terminal Zone
City Terminal Zone
portion of Main Line trains to Penn Station. SEPTA: Served by SEPTA Regional Rail
SEPTA Regional Rail
Airport Line, Wilmington/Newark Line, Media/Elwyn Line, Trenton Line, and / or Chestnut Hill West Line trains. SLE: Served by Shore Line East
Shore Line East
trains.

Station Listing

State Miles City Station Amtrak Other Connections

MA 228.7 Boston South Station AE NR LS MBTA

MBTA Red Line, Old Colony Lines, Greenbush Line, Framingham/Worcester Line, Fairmount Line

227.6 Back Bay Station AE NR LS MBTA

MBTA Orange Line; split with Framingham/Worcester Line

226.5 Ruggles

MBTA

MBTA Orange Line

223.7 Forest Hills

MBTA

MBTA Orange Line; split with Needham Line

220.6 Hyde Park

MBTA

219.2 Readville

MBTA

MBTA Fairmount Line; split with Franklin Line. NEC platforms only used in emergencies

217.3 Westwood Route 128 AE NR MBTA

Park and ride

213.9 Canton Canton Junction

MBTA

Split with Stoughton branch

210.8 Sharon Sharon

MBTA

204.0 Mansfield Mansfield

MBTA

196.9 Attleboro Attleboro

MBTA

191.9 South Attleboro

MBTA

190.8 state line Massachusetts
Massachusetts
/ Rhode Island

RI 185.1 Providence Providence AE NR MBTA

177.3 Warwick T. F. Green Airport

MBTA

165.8 Wickford (North Kingstown) Wickford Junction

MBTA

158.1 West Kingston (South Kingstown) Kingston NR

141.3 Westerly Westerly NR

141.1 state line Rhode Island
Rhode Island
/ Connecticut

CT 132.3 Stonington Mystic NR

122.9 New London New London AE NR

SLE

105.1 Old Saybrook Old Saybrook NR

SLE

101.2 Westbrook Westbrook

SLE

96.8 Clinton Clinton

SLE

93.1 Madison Madison

SLE

88.8 Guilford Guilford

SLE

81.4 Branford Branford

SLE

72.9 Division Post – Metro-North Railroad
Metro-North Railroad
/ Amtrak

72.7 New Haven State Street Station

MNR SLE

72.3 Union Station AE NR VT MNR SLE Amtrak
Amtrak
Shuttle

69.4 West Haven West Haven

MNR SLE

63.3 Milford Milford

MNR SLE

59.0 Stratford Stratford

MNR SLE MNRR Waterbury Branch

55.4 Bridgeport Bridgeport NR VT MNR SLE

52.3 Fairfield Fairfield Metro

MNR

50.6 Fairfield

MNR

48.9 Southport

MNR

47.2 Westport Green's Farms

MNR

44.2 Westport

MNR

42.1 Norwalk East Norwalk

MNR

41.0 South Norwalk

MNR

MNRR Danbury Branch

39.2 Rowayton

MNR

37.7 Darien Darien

MNR

36.2 Noroton Heights

MNR

33.1 Stamford Stamford AE NR VT MNR SLE MNRR New Canaan Branch

31.3 Greenwich Old Greenwich

MNR

30.3 Riverside

MNR

29.6 Cos Cob

MNR

28.1 Greenwich

MNR

26.1 state line Connecticut
Connecticut
/ New York

NY 25.7 Port Chester Port Chester

MNR

24.1 Rye Rye

MNR

22.2 Harrison Harrison

MNR

20.5 Mamaroneck Mamaroneck

MNR

18.7 Larchmont Larchmont

MNR

16.6 New Rochelle New Rochelle NR MNR

Metro-North to Grand Central

3.2 New York City Sunnyside

LIRR

Not yet open

0.0 Penn Station AE AD CD CL CS EAE ES KS LS ML NR PA PL SM SS VT LIRR NJT LIRR: Trains to Long Island NJT: Trains to New Jersey NYCS: A, ​C, and ​E trains at Eighth Avenue, 1, ​2, and ​3 trains at Seventh Avenue

1.2 state line New York / New Jersey

NJ 5.0 Secaucus Secaucus Junction

NJT NJT
NJT
to Hoboken and northern New Jersey

10.0 Newark Penn Station AE CD CL CS KS NR PA PL SM SS VT

NJT Newark City Subway, PATH

12.6 Newark Airport KS NR

NJT AirTrain

14.4 Elizabeth North Elizabeth

NJT

15.4 Elizabeth (Broad Street)

NJT

18.6 Linden Linden

NJT

20.7 Rahway Rahway

NJT

24.6 Woodbridge Metropark AE KS NR VT

NJT Park and ride

27.1 Metuchen Metuchen

NJT

30.3 Edison Edison

NJT

32.7 New Brunswick New Brunswick KS NR

NJT

34.4 New Brunswick Jersey Avenue

NJT Park and ride

48.8 Princeton Junction Princeton Junction KS NR

NJT NJT
NJT
Princeton Branch
Princeton Branch
to Princeton

54.4 Hamilton Township Hamilton

NJT

58.1 Trenton Trenton AE CD CL CS KS NR PA SM SS VT SEPTA NJT NJT
NJT
River Line to Camden

59.2 state line New Jersey
New Jersey
/ Pennsylvania

PA 64.7 Tullytown Levittown

SEPTA

67.8 Bristol Bristol

SEPTA

70.7 Bristol Township Croydon

SEPTA

72.4 Bensalem Eddington

SEPTA

73.7 Cornwells Heights Cornwells Heights KS NR SEPTA

75.8 Philadelphia Torresdale

SEPTA

78.3 Holmesburg Junction

SEPTA

79.3 Tacony

SEPTA

81.2 Bridesburg

SEPTA

86.0 North Philadelphia KS NR SEPTA

89.0 0 ZOO Interlocking

Split with Philadelphia
Philadelphia
to Harrisburg Main Line

1.5 30th Street Station AE CD CL CS KS NR PA PL SM SS VT SEPTA NJT New Jersey
New Jersey
Transit Atlantic City Line, all SEPTA
SEPTA
commuter rail lines Market-Frankford Line, Subway-Surface Trolley Lines

5.8 Darby Darby

SEPTA

6.5 Sharon Hill Curtis Park

SEPTA

7.2 Sharon Hill

SEPTA

7.7 Folcroft Folcroft

SEPTA

8.3 Glenolden Glenolden

SEPTA

9.0 Norwood Norwood

SEPTA

9.7 Prospect Park Prospect Park

SEPTA

10.4 Ridley Park Ridley Park

SEPTA

11.1 Crum Lynne

SEPTA

12.3 Eddystone Eddystone

SEPTA

13.4 Chester Chester Transportation Center

SEPTA

15.5 Highland Avenue Station

SEPTA

16.7 Marcus Hook Marcus Hook

SEPTA

18.2 state line Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
/ Delaware

DE 19.6 Claymont Claymont

SEPTA

26.8 Wilimington Wilmington AE CD CL CS NR PL SM SS VT SEPTA

32.5 Churchmans Crossing

SEPTA

38.7 Newark Newark NR SEPTA

41.5 state line Delaware
Delaware
/ Maryland

MD 59.5 Perryville Perryville

MARC

65.5 Aberdeen Aberdeen NR MARC

75.1 Edgewood Edgewood

MARC

84.0 Middle River Martin State Airport

MARC

95.7 Baltimore Penn Station AE CD CL CS NR PL SM SS VT MARC

Maryland
Maryland
Transit Administration Light Rail

98.5 West Baltimore

MARC

103.0 Halethorpe Halethorpe

MARC

106.3 Linthicum BWI Airport Rail Station AE NR VT MARC

113.6 Odenton Odenton

MARC

119.4 Bowie Bowie State

MARC

124.7 Seabrook Seabrook

MARC

127.0 New Carrollton New Carrollton NR VT MARC

Orange Line (Washington Metro), park and ride

131.6 state line Maryland
Maryland
/ District of Columbia

DC 134.6 1.1 Washington C Interlocking

Junction with CSX Capital Subdivision
Capital Subdivision
and Metropolitan Subdivision

0.0 Union Station AE CPL CD CL CS NR PL SM SS VT MARC VRE VRE commuter rail, Metro Red Line, Amtrak
Amtrak
trains to Virginia, Chicago, New Orleans, Miami, MARC commuter Rail

Grade crossings[edit]

Passengers crossing the State Street crossing in New London after departing a northbound train

A Northeast Regional
Northeast Regional
train crosses Miner Lane in Waterford, the site of a fatal accident in 2005

The entire Northeast Corridor
Northeast Corridor
has just 11 grade crossings, all in southeastern New London County, Connecticut.[citation needed] The remaining grade crossings are along a part of the line that hugs the shore of Fishers Island Sound.[citation needed] Without these crossings many waterfront communities and businesses would be inaccessible from land.[citation needed] Except for three grade crossings near New London Union Station, all have four-quadrant gates with induction loop sensors, which allow vehicles stopped on the tracks to be detected in time for an oncoming train to stop.[citation needed] FRA rules limit track speeds on the corridor to 80 miles per hour (130 km/h) over conventional crossings and 95 miles per hour (153 km/h) over crossings with four-quadrant gates and vehicle detection tied into the signal system.[48] History[edit] The New York to New Haven line has long been completely grade-separated, and the last grade crossings between Washington and New York were eliminated in the 1980s.[citation needed] In 1994, during planning for electrification and high-speed Acela Express service between New Haven and Boston, a law was passed requiring USDOT to plan for the elimination of all remaining crossings (unless impractical or unnecessary) by 1997.[49] Some lightly used crossings were simply closed, while most were converted into bridges or underpasses. Only thirteen remained by 1999, of which lightly used crossings in Old Lyme, Connecticut
Connecticut
and Exeter, Rhode Island
Rhode Island
were soon closed.[50] Despite six nonfatal accidents in the previous sixteen years, there was substantial local opposition to closing the remaining 11 crossings. Outright closing the crossing would eliminate the sole access points to several of the places they served, while grade separation would have been expensive and required land takings.[50] Instead, the crossings were supplied with additional protections. In 1998, School Street in Groton was the first four-quadrant gate installation in the country with vehicle detection sensors tied into the line's signal system.[51] It cost $1 million rather than the $4 million for a bridge.[52] Seven more crossings received similar installations in 1999 and 2000; only the three in New London (which are on a tight curve with speed limits under 30 miles per hour (48 km/h)) did not.[53] On September 28, 2005, a southbound Acela Express
Acela Express
struck a car at Miner Lane in Waterford, Connecticut, the first such incident since the additional protections were implemented.[54] The train was approaching the crossing at approximately 70 miles per hour (110 km/h) when the car reportedly rolled under the lowered crossing gate arms too late for the sensor system to fully stop the train. The driver and one passenger were killed on impact; the other passenger died nine days later from injuries sustained in the crash. The gates were later inspected and declared to have been functioning properly at the time of the incident.[55] The incident drew public criticism about the remaining grade crossings along the busy line.[56] Crossing list[edit] Crossing are listed east to west.

Miles[57] City[57] Street[57] DOT/AAR number[57] Coordinates Details

140.6 Stonington Palmer Street 500263U 41°22′21″N 71°50′08″W / 41.372491°N 71.835678°W / 41.372491; -71.835678 Connects the Pawcatuck residential area to the Mechanic Street arterial.

136.7 Elihu Island Road 500267W 41°20′27″N 71°53′24″W / 41.340922°N 71.889912°W / 41.340922; -71.889912 Provides sole access to Elihu Island. Private crossing.

136.6 Walker's Dock 500269K 41°20′24″N 71°53′28″W / 41.340073°N 71.891184°W / 41.340073; -71.891184 Provides sole access to a small marina. Private crossing.

134.9 Wamphassuc Road 500272T 41°20′31″N 71°55′18″W / 41.342016°N 71.921605°W / 41.342016; -71.921605 Provides sole access to a residential area.

133.4 Latimer Point Road 500275N 41°20′29″N 71°56′56″W / 41.341312°N 71.948967°W / 41.341312; -71.948967 Provides sole access to a residential area.

132.3 Broadway Avenue Extension 500277C 41°21′03″N 71°57′50″W / 41.350813°N 71.963872°W / 41.350813; -71.963872 Next to Mystic station. Provides sole access to a residential and industrial area, several marinas, and the northbound platform.

131.2 Groton School Street 500278J 41°20′42″N 71°58′38″W / 41.344933°N 71.977092°W / 41.344933; -71.977092 Provides sole access to the Willow Point residential area and marina.

123.0 New London Ferry Street 500294T 41°21′25″N 72°05′41″W / 41.356984°N 72.094777°W / 41.356984; -72.094777 Provides sole access to Block Island
Block Island
Ferry and Cross Sound Ferry docks and other marine facilities. Does not have quad gates.

122.8 State Street 500295A 41°21′14″N 72°05′35″W / 41.353845°N 72.092991°W / 41.353845; -72.092991 Next to New London Union Station. Provides access to the Fisher's Island Ferry, City Pier, Waterfront Park, and the northbound platform.

122.5 Bank Street Connector 500297N 41°21′05″N 72°05′45″W / 41.35128°N 72.095957°W / 41.35128; -72.095957 Provides access to Waterfront Park.

120.2 Waterford Miner Lane 500307S 41°20′09″N 72°07′26″W / 41.335726°N 72.123845°W / 41.335726; -72.123845 Provides sole access to a residential and industrial area.

Passenger ridership[edit]

Annual passenger ridership

FY* Northeast Regional Acela Total ridership % Change

2004 6,475,000 2,569,000 9,044,000

2005 7,116,000 1,773,000 8,889,000 -1.7%

2006 6,755,000 2,583,000 9,338,000 +5.1%

2007 6,837,000 3,184,000 10,021,000 +7.3%

2008 7,489,000 3,399,000 10,888,000 +8.7%

2009 6,921,000 3,020,000 9,941,000 -8.7%

2011 7,515,000 3,379,000 10,894,000 +5.1%

2012 8,014,000 3,395,000 11,409,000 +4.7%

2013 8,044,000 3,343,000 11,387,000 -0.2%

2014 8,083,000 3,545,000 11,628,000 +2.2%

2015 8,215,523 3,473,644 11,707,079 +0.7%

2016 8,409,662 3,489,311 11,909,847 +1.7%

Sources: 2004-2014;[58] 2015-2016[1]

Current rail service[edit] Intercity passenger services[edit]

New Orleans-bound Crescent in Trenton, New Jersey

In 2003, Amtrak
Amtrak
accounted for about 14% of intercity trips between the cities served by the NEC and its branches (the rest were taken by airline, automobile, or bus).[59] A 2011 study estimated that in 2010 Amtrak
Amtrak
carried 6% of the Boston-Washington traffic, compared to 80% for automobiles, 8-9% for intercity bus, and 5% for airlines.[60] Amtrak's share of passenger traffic between New York City
New York City
and Boston has grown from 20 percent to 54 percent since 2001, and 75 percent of public-transport travelers between New York City
New York City
and Washington, D.C., go by train.[61] These Amtrak
Amtrak
trains serve NEC stations and run at least partially on the corridor:

Acela Express: high-speed rail Boston–Washington, D.C. Cardinal: New York–Chicago via Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
(Wednesdays, Fridays, & Sundays only) Carolinian: New York–Charlotte, North Carolina Crescent: New York–New Orleans Keystone Service: higher-speed rail Harrisburg, Pennsylvania–New York Northeast Regional: higher-speed rail Boston/Springfield/New York–Washington D.C./Richmond/Newport News/Roanoke, Virginia Palmetto: Savannah, Georgia–New York Pennsylvanian: Pittsburgh–New York via NEC and Philadelphia
Philadelphia
to Harrisburg Main Line Silver Meteor: Miami, Florida-New York Silver Star: Miami/Tampa, Florida–New York Vermonter: St. Albans, Vermont– Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
via NEC and New Haven-Springfield Line

Seven other trains terminate at NEC stations, but do not use any NEC infrastructure outside the terminus: The New Haven-Springfield Shuttle: New Haven-Springfield, Massachusetts
Massachusetts
via the Amtrak-owned New Haven-Springfield branch line of the NEC. Five Amtrak
Amtrak
services operate via the Empire Corridor, a line largely owned by CSX, with other sections owned by Metro-North Railroad
Metro-North Railroad
and Amtrak. It meets the NEC at New York Penn Station.

Adirondack: New York–Montreal Empire Service: higher-speed rail Niagara Falls–New York; most trains terminate at Albany–Rensselaer with two trains continuing to Niagara Falls. Ethan Allen Express: Rutland, Vermont–New York Lake Shore Limited: New York/Boston–Chicago Maple Leaf: New York–Toronto

The Capitol Limited runs from Washington, D.C.–Chicago and uses NEC infrastructure at Washington Union Station. Commuter rail[edit]

SEPTA
SEPTA
commuter train on the NEC in Prospect Park, Pennsylvania

In addition to Amtrak, several commuter rail agencies operate passenger service using the NEC tracks: Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA)[edit]

Providence/Stoughton Line: Wickford Junction–Boston Franklin Line: Readville–Boston Needham Line: Forest Hills–Boston Framingham/Worcester Line: Back Bay Station–Boston

Shore Line East[edit]

Stamford–New London, Connecticut

Metro-North Railroad
Metro-North Railroad
(MNRR)[edit]

New Haven Line: New Rochelle, New York–New Haven, Connecticut Waterbury Branch: Stratford–Waterbury, Connecticut Danbury Branch: Norwalk–Danbury, Connecticut New Canaan Branch: Stamford–New Canaan, Connecticut

Long Island Rail Road
Long Island Rail Road
(LIRR)[edit]

City Terminal Zone: Sunnyside Yard, Queens-New York

New Jersey
New Jersey
Transit (NJT)[edit]

NJT
NJT
commuter train on the NEC in New Brunswick, New Jersey

Northeast Corridor
Northeast Corridor
Line: Trenton, NJ–New York North Jersey Coast Line: Rahway–New York Morristown Line, Gladstone Branch, Montclair-Boonton Line: Kearny Connection–New York Raritan Valley Line: Hunter Connection–New York Atlantic City Line: 30th Street Station–Frankford Junction

SEPTA[edit]

Trenton Line: Philadelphia–Trenton, New Jersey Airport Line: 30th Street Station–Southwest Philadelphia Media/Elwyn Line: 30th Street Station–Arsenal Junction Chestnut Hill West Line: 30th Street Station–North Philadelphia Station Wilmington/Newark Line: Newark, Delaware–Philadelphia

MARC Train[edit]

Penn Line: Washington–Perryville, Maryland

Freight services[edit]

Norfolk Southern Railway
Norfolk Southern Railway
freight operating on the NEC in Aberdeen, Maryland

Freight trains operate on parts of the NEC through trackage rights. The Norfolk Southern Railway
Norfolk Southern Railway
operates over the line south of Philadelphia. CSX Transportation
CSX Transportation
has rights from New York to New Haven; in Massachusetts; and in Maryland
Maryland
from Landover, where its Landover Subdivision joins the NEC, to Bowie, where its Pope's Creek Subdivision leaves it. Between Philadelphia
Philadelphia
and New York, Conrail operates as a local switching and terminal company for CSX and Norfolk Southern (see Conrail
Conrail
Shared Assets Operations). The Providence and Worcester Railroad operates local freight service from New Haven into Rhode Island
Rhode Island
and has overhead trackage rights from New Haven to New York.[62] See also Rail freight transportation in New York City
New York City
and Long Island.

Future[edit] As of 2013, the Federal Railroad Administration is drawing up a master plan for developing the corridor through 2040, taking into account various projects and proposals by various agency and advocacy groups. The plan is to be complete in spring 2015.[63] Much of the proposed improvements are unfunded.[64] In 2013, Japanese officials pitched the country's maglev train technology, the world's fastest, for the Northeast Corridor
Northeast Corridor
to regional U.S. politicians. The trains could travel from New York to Washington in an hour.[65] "A vision for High-Speed Rail"[edit] In October 2010, Amtrak
Amtrak
released "A vision for High-Speed Rail on the Northeast Corridor", an aspirational proposal for dedicated high-speed rail tracks between Washington, D.C., and Boston.[66] Projected to cost about $117 billion (2010 dollars), the project would allow speeds of 220 miles per hour (350 km/h), reducing travel time from New York to Washington to 96 minutes (including a stop in Philadelphia) and from Boston
Boston
to New York to 84 minutes.[67][68] The proposed alignment would closely follow the existing NEC south of New York City; north of the city, several different alignments would be studied. One option would parallel Interstates 684, 84, and 90 through Danbury, Waterbury, and Hartford, Connecticut; another would follow the existing shoreline route (paralleling Interstate 95); a third would run along Long Island
Long Island
and a new bridge or tunnel across Long Island
Long Island
Sound to Connecticut.[citation needed] In 2012, Amtrak
Amtrak
revised its cost estimate to $151 billion. The 438-mile (705 km) HSR route is planned to be completed by 2030 (Washington to New York) and by 2040 (New York to Boston).[6] Gateway Project[edit] In February 2011, Amtrak
Amtrak
announced plans for the Gateway Project between Newark Penn Station and New York Penn Station.[69] The planned project would create a high-speed alignment across the New Jersey Meadowlands and under the Hudson River, including the replacement of the Portal
Portal
Bridge, a bottleneck. It is projected to cost $14.5 billion and be completed in 2025.[70] Harold Interlocking[edit] Main article: Harold Interlocking In May 2011, a $294.7-million federal grant was awarded to fix congestion at Harold Interlocking, the USA's second-busiest rail junction after Sunnyside Yard. The work will lay tracks to the New York Connecting Railroad right of way, allowing Amtrak
Amtrak
trains arriving from or bound for New England
New England
to avoid NJT
NJT
and LIRR trains.[71][72] Financing for the project was jeopardized in July 2011 by the House of Representatives, which voted to divert the funding to unrelated projects.[73] The project is currently funded by FRA and the MTA.[74] New Brunswick–Trenton high-speed upgrade[edit] In August 2011, Congress obligated $450 million to a six-year project to add capacity on one of the busiest segments on the NEC in New Jersey.[34] The project is designed to upgrade electrical power, signal systems and catenary wires on a 24-mile (39 km) section between New Brunswick and Trenton to improve reliability, increase speeds up to 160 mph (260 km/h), and support more frequent high-speed service.[75][76][77] The improvements were scheduled to be completed in 2016, but have been delayed; the project is now scheduled to be finished in 2019.[78] Replacement of bridge over Hutchinson River[edit] Amtrak
Amtrak
has applied for $15 million for the environmental impact studies and preliminary engineering design to examine replacement options for the more than 100-year-old, low-level movable rail Pelham Bay Bridge (just west of Pelham Bridge) over the Hutchinson River
Hutchinson River
in the Bronx that has been limiting speed, in addition to train capacity. The goal is for a new bridge to support expanded service and speeds up to 110 mph (177 km/h).[79] New trains for Acela[edit] Main article: Avelia Liberty On August 26, 2016, Vice President Joe Biden
Joe Biden
announced a $2.45 billion federal loan package to pay for new Acela equipment, as well as upgrades to the NEC. The loans will finance 28 train-sets that will replace the existing fleet. The trains will be built by Alstom
Alstom
in Hornell and Rochester, New York. Passenger service using the new trains is expected to begin in 2021 and the current fleet is to be retired by the end of 2022 when all the replacements will have been delivered. Amtrak
Amtrak
will pay off the loans from increased NEC passenger revenue.[80] NEC Future Environmental Impact Statement[edit] In December 2016, the NEC Future's final environmental impact statement was released.[81] The FEIS describes four options (one "no-action" alternative and three "action" alternatives) to help alleviate traffic on the NEC. Each of the "action" alternatives presented would provide increasing benefits to NEC, with Alternative 1 providing twice as much capacity as the no-action alternative, Alternative 2 providing three times the capacity, and Alternative 3 providing five times the capacity.[82] The alternatives also took infrastructure chokepoints and climate-change resiliency into account.[82] See also[edit]

Railways portal

Corridor (Via Rail)

Notes[edit]

^ a b " Amtrak
Amtrak
FY16 Ridership and Revenue Fact Sheet" (PDF). Amtrak. April 7, 2017. Retrieved October 13, 2017.  ^ "Transportation Statistics Annual Report" (PDF). Bureau of Transportation Statistics, U.S. Department of Transportation. November 2005. Retrieved February 18, 2007.  ^ Young, Elise; Pogkas, Demetrios (2018-03-05). "How Trump's Hudson Tunnel Feud Threatens the National Economy". Bloomberg News. Retrieved 2018-03-06.  ^ " Amtrak
Amtrak
fact sheet: Acela service" (PDF). narprail.org. National Association of Railroad Passengers. 2013. Retrieved May 6, 2016.  ^ Wolmar, Christian (March 7, 2010). "High-Speed Rail Investment Should Focus on Acela". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved May 6, 2016.  ^ a b "The Amtrak
Amtrak
Vision for the Northeast Corridor: 2012 Update Report" (PDF). Amtrak. July 17, 2012. Retrieved February 27, 2018.  ^ Nussbaum, Paul (July 10, 2012). "Amtrak's high-speed Northeast Corridor plan at $151 billion". The Inquirer. Retrieved July 23, 2013.  ^ Report of the Board of Railroad Commissioners, February 15, 1911, page 408 ^ Cudahy 2002, p. 34 ^ Churella 2013, pp. 222–223 ^ Churella 2013, p. 358 ^ Churella 2013, p. 357 ^ Churella 2013, p. 744 ^ Roberts, Sam (January 18, 2013). "The Birth of Grand Central Terminal". The New York Times. Retrieved November 8, 2015.  ^ Sam Roberts (January 22, 2013). Grand Central: How a Train Station Transformed America. Grand Central Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4555-2595-9.  ^ "WGBH American Experience . Grand Central". PBS. January 8, 1902. Retrieved November 8, 2015.  ^ Middleton 2001, p. 85 ^ Middleton 2001, p. 315 ^ "P.R.R. WILL SPEND $77,000,000 AT ONCE; Atterbury Outlines Projects Under PWA Loan Giving Year's Work to 25,000. TO EXTEND ELECTRIC LINE Sees Buying Power Restored and Industry Stimulated by Wide Building Program", The New York Times, January 31, 1934, retrieved August 8, 2012  ^ 'Acses to speed NE Corridor, Railway Gazette International, September 1, 1998, http://www.railwaygazette.com/news/single-view/view/acses-to-speed-ne-corridor.html ^ William D. Middleton (December 1999). "Passenger rail in the 20th Century". Railway Age. Archived from the original on May 4, 2007. Retrieved November 13, 2006.  ^ a b Baer, Christopher T. (April 2015). "A GENERAL CHRONOLOGY OF THE PENNSYLVANIA RAILROAD COMPANY ITS PREDECESSORS AND SUCCESSORS AND ITS HISTORICAL CONTEXT" (PDF). prrths.com. Retrieved May 6, 2016.  ^ "A loss for Amtrak
Amtrak
is Coleman's Gain." Business Week, 1976-09-13, p. 36. ^ United States
United States
Railway Association, Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
(1975-07-26). Final System Plan for Restructuring Railroads in the Northeast and Midwest Region pursuant to the Regional Rail Reorganization Act of 1973. ("FSP"): Vol. 1. Vol. 2 ^ a b U.S. Congress. Railroad Revitalization and Regulatory Reform Act of 1976, Pub. L. 94-210, 90 Stat. 31, 45 U.S.C. § 801. February 5, 1976. Sometimes referred to as the "4R Act." ^ USDOT. "NECIP Redirection Study."[dead link] January 1979. p. 1. ^ a b NEC Master Plan Working Group. "NEC Infrastructure Master Plan." May 2010. pp. 19-20. ^ "Copper trolley wire and a method of manufacturing copper trolley wire".  ^ Middleton 2003, p. 38 ^ Middleton 2001, pp. 431–432 ^ Amtrak’s new Hit-Speed Service is Derailed by Mechanical Problem, ‘’LA Times’’/AP, December 13, 2000 ^ Amtrak
Amtrak
Northeast Corridor
Northeast Corridor
Schedule, effective September 5, 2017, (e.g. trains 2155 BOS-NYP and 2275 NYP-WAS) ^ Wald, Matthew (November 9, 2005). "Amtrak's President Is Fired by Its Board". New York Times. Retrieved May 14, 2015.  ^ a b Schned, Dan (August 24, 2011). "U.S. DOT Obligates $745 Million to Northeast Corridor
Northeast Corridor
Rail Projects". America 2050. Retrieved November 24, 2011.  Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "obligated" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page). ^ Frassinelli, Mike (September 25, 2012). " Amtrak
Amtrak
train looks to break U.S. speed record in Northeast Corridor
Northeast Corridor
test". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved December 17, 2012.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on December 3, 2013. Retrieved November 24, 2013.  ^ Higgs, Larry (September 14, 2017). "160 mph trains will speed from Trenton to New Brunswick by 2020". New Jersey
New Jersey
On-Line. Retrieved December 27, 2017.  ^ "On site briefing by NTSB
NTSB
Board Member Robert Sumwalt on Amtrak Train 188 Derailment in Philadelphia, PA 5/13/ 2015 NTSB
NTSB
(video) ^ Brotzman, Chris "Shore tower" Signalbox.org ^ Mouawad, Jad "Technology That Could Have Prevented Amtrak
Amtrak
Derailment Was Absent" The New York Times, May 14, 2015, p. 1 ^ Nussbaum, Paul and Wood, Anthony R. "Automatic braking was in place on other side of curve" The Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Inquirer, May 14, 2015 ^ "Rear-End Collision of Amtrak
Amtrak
Passenger Train 94, The Colonial and Consolidated Rail Corporation Freight Train ENS-121, on the Northeast Corridor on January 4, 1987" NTBSB Report RAR-88-01, January 25, 1988 ^ Interstate Commerce Commission, Investigation No. 2726, The Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Railroad Co. Report: IN RE; Accident at Shore, PA., on September 6, 1943 Archived May 13, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. ICC, Washington, D.C., October 1, 1943 ^ "Still No Answers in May Amtrak
Amtrak
Power Outage". WNYC. June 22, 2006. Retrieved November 13, 2006.  ^ "Inside Amtrak: Projects". Amtrak. Retrieved January 29, 2012.  ^ Tom Baldwin (June 23, 2006). "Amtrak: Cause of power outage unknown". Courier-Post. Retrieved November 13, 2006. [dead link] ^ "Malloy: ‘Catastrophic Failure’ On Metro-North New Haven Line". CBS New York. September 26, 2013. Accessed October 5, 2013 ^ "Section 4: Identification of Alternatives". Railroad-Highway Grade Crossing Handbook (2 ed.). Federal Highway Administration. August 2007. Retrieved March 22, 2015.  ^ "49 U.S.C. 24906 - ELIMINATING HIGHWAY AT-GRADE CROSSINGS". U.S. Government Publishing Office. Retrieved March 22, 2015.  ^ a b Dee, Jane E. (March 29, 1999). "Rail Crossings Safety Issue For Amtrak". Hartford Courant. Retrieved March 22, 2015.  ^ "Stuck crossing gate strands drivers on wrong side of the tracks". The Day. November 4, 1999. Retrieved March 22, 2015.  ^ O'Donnell, Noreen (February 5, 2015). "Technology Solution? Sensors Could Warn Trains of Cars on Tracks". NBC Bay Area. Retrieved March 22, 2015.  ^ Dee, Jane E. (September 9, 1999). " Amtrak
Amtrak
To Put Up 7 Safer Gates". Hartford Courant. Retrieved March 22, 2015.  ^ McGeehan, Patrick & Wald, Matthew L. (September 30, 2005). "High-Tech Gates Fail to Avert Car-Train Crash". The New York Times. Retrieved September 2, 2008.  ^ "Investigators Seek Answers In Fatal Crash That Killed Two; Cause of Waterford car-train accident may never be known". The New London Day. September 30, 2005.  ^ "Family sues over fatal car crash on railroad tracks". The Boston Globe. Associated Press. December 27, 2006. Archived from the original on December 27, 2008.  ^ a b c d " Amtrak
Amtrak
System Safety Program" (PDF). December 2007. pp. 22–3. Retrieved March 22, 2015.  ^ "Passenger ridership" (PNG). Amtrak. Retrieved November 5, 2015.  ^ Congressional Budget Office. "The Past and Future of U.S. Passenger Rail Service," September 2003.[1] ^ O'Toole, Randal (June 29, 2011). "Intercity Buses: The Forgotten Mode". Policy Analysis (680).  ^ Nixon, Ron. (2012, August 16.) Trading Planes for Trains: Riders Weary of Patdowns and Delays Set Records for Amtrak. The New York Times, p. B1 [2] ^ PWRR system map ^ "NEC FUTURE: Tier 1 Final EIS".  ^ "The 8 Most Critical Rail Projects That Amtrak
Amtrak
Can't Afford".  ^ " Japan
Japan
Pitches Its High-Speed Train With an Offer to Finance". The New York Times.  ^ " Amtrak
Amtrak
Releases Concept for 220 mph Train Along Northeast Corridor". AASHTO Journal. Retrieved October 10, 2010.  ^ "A Vision for High-Speed Rail in the Northeast Corridor" (PDF). Amtrak. September 2010. Retrieved July 24, 2013.  ^ "N.Y. to D.C., 96 mins., $117 billion". CNN Money. November 2, 2010.  ^ "Gateway Project" (PDF). Amtrak. February 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 7, 2011. Retrieved February 7, 2011.  ^ Nussbaum, Paul (2012-05-12). "N.J. to contribute to proposed Amtrak tunnel". The Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Inquirer. Archived from the original on 2018-03-03. Retrieved 2018-03-03.  ^ "Maloney Hails Federal Grant to Ease Amtrak
Amtrak
Delays in NYC, Spur High-Speed Rail in NE Corridor - $294.7 Million Grant to Improve "Harold Interlocking", a Delay-Plagued Junction For Trains in the NE Corridor". Congresswoman Carolyn B. Maloney. May 9, 2011. Retrieved May 13, 2011.  ^ Colvin, Jill (May 9, 2011). "New York Awarded $350 Million for High-Speed Rail Projects". DNAinfo.com. Archived from the original on September 8, 2015. Retrieved May 13, 2011.  ^ "House Vote Jeopardizes Key Northeast Rail Projects". Back on Track: Northeast. The Business Alliance for Northeast Mobility. July 20, 2011. Archived from the original on September 30, 2011. Retrieved July 21, 2011.  ^ " Harold Interlocking
Harold Interlocking
Northeast Corridor
Northeast Corridor
Congestion Relief Project". Capital Program. Metropolitan Transit Authority (New York). Retrieved April 30, 2016.  ^ Frassinelli, Mike (May 9, 2011). "Feds steer $450M to N.J. for high-speed rail". The Star Ledger. Retrieved May 13, 2011.  ^ Thorbourne, Ken (May 9, 2011). " Amtrak
Amtrak
to receive nearly $450 million in high speed rail funding". The Jersey Journal. Retrieved May 13, 2011.  ^ McGeehan, Patrick (May 9, 2011), "Florida's rejected rail funds flow north", The New York Times, retrieved May 13, 2011  ^ Higgs, Larry (September 14, 2017). "160 mph trains will speed from Trenton to New Brunswick by 2020". New Jersey
New Jersey
On-Line. Retrieved December 27, 2017.  ^ "Amtak Seeks $1.3 billion for Gateway Project
Gateway Project
and Next-Generation High-Speed Rail on Northeast Corridor". Amtrak. April 4, 2011. Archived from the original on May 3, 2011. Retrieved April 8, 2011.  ^ Aratani, Lori (August 26, 2016). "Biden announces upgrades for Amtrak's Northeast Corridor". Washington Post.  ^ "NEC FUTURE: Tier 1 Final EIS". www.necfuture.com. Retrieved December 22, 2016.  ^ a b "NEC FUTURE: Tier 1 EIS". www.necfuture.com. Retrieved December 22, 2016. 

References[edit]

Churella, Albert J. (2013). The Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Railroad: Volume I, Building an Empire, 1846-1917. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Press. ISBN 978-0-8122-4348-2. OCLC 759594295.  Cudahy, Brian J. (2002), Rails Under the Mighty Hudson (2nd ed.), New York: Fordham University Press, ISBN 978-0-82890-257-1  Middleton, William D. (2001) [1974]. When the Steam Railroads Electrified (2nd ed.). Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press. ISBN 978-0-253-33979-9.  Middleton, William D. (March 2003). "Super Railroad". Trains. 63 (3): 36–59. ISSN 0041-0934. 

Further reading[edit]

The Amtrak
Amtrak
Vision for the Northeast Corridor
Northeast Corridor
- 2012 Update Report - July 2012 Northeast Corridor
Northeast Corridor
Infrastructure Master Plan - June 2010 Geddes, Richard Northeast Corridor
Northeast Corridor
Future: Options for High-Speed Rail Development and Opportunities for Private-Sector Participation: Hearing Before the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure, House of Representatives, One Hundred Twelfth Congress, Second Session, December 13, 2012 New York Division (Map). Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Railroad. 1963.  Spavins, Jim. (2010) Diesels on the Northeast Corridor
Northeast Corridor
(1st ed.). ISBN 1-4537-8765-8

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Northeast Corridor.

KML file (edit • help)

Display on Google Maps

Template:Attached KML/Northeast Corridor KML is from Wikidata

The Northeast Corridor
Northeast Corridor
- Amtrak Northeast Corridor
Northeast Corridor
Infrastructure and Operations Advisory Commission NEC Future - A Rail Investment Plan for the Northeast Corridor Map of the Northeast Corridor
Northeast Corridor
on OpenStreetMap Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) No. MA-19, "Northeast Railroad Corridor" HAER No. RI-19, "Northeast Railroad Corridor" HAER No. CT-11, "Northeast Railroad Corridor" HAER No. NY-121, "Northeast Railroad Corridor" HAER No. NJ-40, "Northeast Railroad Corridor" HAER No. PA-71, "Northeast Railroad Corridor" HAER No. DE-21, "Northeast Railroad Corridor" HAER No. MD-45, "Northeast Railroad Corridor" HAER No. DC-3, "Northeast Railroad Corridor"

v t e

Northeast Corridor
Northeast Corridor
services

Inter-city

Amtrak

Acela Express Northeast Regional New Haven–Springfield Shuttle Cardinal Carolinian Crescent Keystone Palmetto Pennsylvanian Silver Meteor Silver Star Vermonter

Commuter

MBTA

Providence/Stoughton Line

CDOT

Shore Line East

Metro-North

New Haven Line

NJ Transit

Northeast Corridor
Northeast Corridor
Line North Jersey Coast Line

SEPTA

Trenton Line Wilmington/Newark Line

MARC

Penn Line

Freight

Norfolk Southern Railway CSX Transportation Providence and Worcester Railroad Conrail

v t e

High-speed railway lines

An asterisk indicates overlap with conventional services.

Africa

None

Asia

China

Beijing–Shanghai Beijing–Shijiazhuang–Wuhan–Guangzhou–Shenzhen Beijing–Tianjin Bengbu–Hefei–Fuzhou Changchun–Jilin Chengdu–Dujiangyan Dalian–Harbin–Qiqihar Guangzhou–Zhuhai Guiyang–Guangzhou Guiyang–Kaiyang Hainan Eastern Ring Hengyang–Liuzhou Jilin–Hunchun Jinan–Qingdao–Rongcheng* Jiujiang–Nanchang–Fuzhou* Lanzhou–Zhongchuan Airport Liuzhou–Nanning* Nanjing–Anqing Nanjing–Hangzhou–Ningbo–Taizhou–Wenzhou–Fuzhou–Xiamen–Shenzhen Nanjing–Hefei–Wuhan* Nanning–Guangzhou Nanning–Kunming Panjin–Yingkou Shanghai–Hangzhou–Changsha–Guiyang Shanghai–Nanjing Shenyang–Dandong Suining–Chongqing* Taiyuan–Shijiazhuang Taiyuan–Xi'an Tianjin–Baoding Tianjin–Qinhuangdao–Shenyang* Wuhan–Xianning Wuhan–Xiaogan Xuzhou–Lanzhou Zhengzhou–Jiaozuo Zhengzhou–Kaifeng Zhengzhou–Xi'an–Baoji–Lanzhou–Urumqi Zhengzhou–Xuzhou

Japan

Hokkaido Shinkansen Hokuriku Shinkansen Jōetsu Shinkansen Kyushu Shinkansen San'yō Shinkansen Tōhoku Shinkansen Tōkaidō Shinkansen

South Korea

Gyeongbu HSR Honam HSR Suseo HSR

Taiwan

Taiwan HSR

Turkey

Ankara–Pendik Polatlı–Konya

Uzbekistan

Tashkent–Samarkand Samarkand–Bukhara

Europe

Belgium

HSL 1 HSL 2 HSL 3 HSL 4

Finland

Kerava-Lahti* St. Petersburg-Helsinki*

France

LGV Atlantique LGV Bretagne-Pays de la Loire LGV Est LGV Interconnexion Est LGV Méditerranée LGV Nord LGV Rhin-Rhône LGV Rhône-Alpes LGV Sud-Est LGV Sud Europe Atlantique LGV Perpignan–Barcelona*

Germany

Cologne–Düren Cologne–Frankfurt Erfurt–Leipzig/Halle Hanover–Würzburg Mannheim–Stuttgart Nuremberg–Ingolstadt Rastatt–Offenburg Wolfsburg–Berlin

Italy

Bologna–Florence Florence–Rome Milan–Bologna Milan–Verona Naples–Salerno Rome–Naples Turin–Milan

Netherlands

HSL-Zuid

Norway

Gardermoen Line

Poland

Grodzisk–Zawiercie

Russia

Moscow–St.Petersburg* St. Petersburg-Helsinki*

Spain

Atlantic Axis Barcelona–Perpignan* Madrid–Barcelona Madrid–León Madrid–Malaga Madrid–Seville Madrid–Toledo Madrid–Levante

Sweden

Botniabanan

United Kingdom

High Speed 1

North America

United States

Northeast Corridor*

Oceania

None

South America

None

v t e

Higher-speed rail

Part of rail transport

In operation

Australia

Regional Fast Rail project Tilt Train

India

Gatimaan Express Tejas Express

United States

More than 110 mph (177 km/h)

Brightline Keystone Northeast Regional

For 150 mph (241 km/h) or more in the US, see High-speed rail in the United States

up to 110 mph (177 km/h)

Blue Water Empire Lake Shore Limited Lincoln Wolverine

up to 90 mph (145 km/h)

Pacific Surfliner Southwest Chief

Planned

Rail Baltica
Rail Baltica
(Baltic states) MRL ECR (Malaysia) Chicago Hub Network
Chicago Hub Network
(US) Northern Lights Express (US)

Equipment in use

Tilt Train
Tilt Train
(Australia) V/Line VLocity
V/Line VLocity
(Australia) EMD AEM-7
AEM-7
(US) EMD F59PHI (US) GE P32AC-DM (US) GE P42DC (US) Siemens ACS-64
Siemens ACS-64
(US) Siemens Charger
Siemens Charger
(US) Class 350 (UK) Class 90 (UK)

Similar speed ranges

InterCity
InterCity
(Europe) Skyliner
Skyliner
(Japan) KTM ETS
KTM ETS
(Malaysia) Strizh (Russia) Alaris, Altaria and Arco (Spain) X 2000 network (Sweden) Puyuma Express
Puyuma Express
and Taroko Express
Taroko Express
(Taiwan) Caltrain
Caltrain
(US) Coaster (US) MARC Penn Line
Penn Line
(US) Metrolink Orange County Line
Orange County Line
(US)

v t e

Railway electrification

Topics

List of systems Railway electrification system Railway electric traction Traction power network Traction substation Power car Electric locomotive Electric multiple unit Electro-diesel locomotive Multi-system Overhead line Trolley pole Bow collector Pantograph Third rail Fourth rail Rubber tyred systems Conduit current collection Ground level power supply Stud contact system Contact shoe

By country

Australia Austria France Germany Great Britain India Iran Japan Malaysia New Zealand Norway

timeline

Russia Sweden Switzerland Turkey United States

v t e

New England

Topics

Autumn Climate Cuisine Culture Demographics Economy Elections Flag Geography Geology Government History

New England
New England
Colonies Dominion of New England New England
New England
Confederation

Literature Place names of Native-American origin Politics Sports

States

Connecticut Maine Massachusetts New Hampshire Rhode Island Vermont

Major cities

Augusta Boston Bridgeport Burlington Cambridge Concord Hartford Lowell Manchester Montpelier New Bedford New Haven New London New Britain Portland Providence Quincy Springfield Stamford Waterbury Worcester

State capitals

Augusta Boston Concord Hartford Montpelier Providence

Transportation

Passenger rail

MBTA (MA, RI) Northeast Corridor
Northeast Corridor
(CT, MA, RI) Acela Express
Acela Express
(CT, MA, RI) Downeaster (ME, NH, MA) Vermonter (CT, MA, NH, VT) Shore Line East
Shore Line East
(CT) Metro-North (CT) Hartford Line
Hartford Line
(CT, MA; under construction) High-speed Northern New England
New England
(proposed)

Major Interstates

I-84 (CT, MA) I-89 (NH, VT) I-90 (Mass Pike) (MA) I-91 (CT, MA, VT) I-93 (MA, NH, VT) I-95 (CT, RI, MA, NH, ME) defunct: New England
New England
road marking system

Airports

Bradley (CT) Burlington (VT) T. F. Green (RI) Manchester– Boston
Boston
(NH) Logan (MA) Portland (ME)

Category Por

.