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North Station
North Station
is a major transportation hub located at Causeway and Nashua Streets in Boston, Massachusetts, United States. It is one of the city's two inbound terminals for Amtrak
Amtrak
and MBTA Commuter Rail trains, the other being South Station. The main concourse of North Station is located at the street level immediately below TD Garden, a major sports arena. The arena is also used for concerts and other events, taking advantage of the extensive transportation connections at the site.

Contents

1 Description

1.1 Rail station 1.2 Subway station

1.2.1 Station layout

1.3 Accessibility 1.4 Bus connections 1.5 Lovejoy Wharf

2 History

2.1 Early history

2.1.1 North Union Station 2.1.2 Construction of the subways

2.2 North Station

2.2.1 1959 bombing 2.2.2 End of interstate service

2.3 MBTA era

2.3.1 Subway station 2.3.2 New station 2.3.3 "Superstation" 2.3.4 Renovation 2.3.5 Boston
Boston
Garden Towers changes 2.3.6 Drawbridge replacement

3 References 4 External links

Description[edit] Rail station[edit]

North Station
North Station
is located on the first floor of the TD Garden, with its platforms extending to the north (lower right)

North Station
North Station
facilities include:

Terminus for MBTA Commuter Rail
MBTA Commuter Rail
northern routes and Amtrak's Downeaster service Staffed ticket windows Small food court and waiting area Direct access to adjacent TD Garden
TD Garden
for sporting and other events Parking garage (privately operated)

Several MBTA commuter rail lines, plus Amtrak's Northeast Corridor service to New York City, Philadelphia, Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
and beyond, originate from South Station, about 1-1/4 miles around the Boston peninsula from North Station. No direct link exists between the two stations, although MBTA subway connections are available. Transfers to Amtrak
Amtrak
and the MBTA Commuter Rail's Providence/Stoughton, Needham, Franklin, and Framingham/Worcester Lines may also be made at Back Bay, a one-seat ride on the Orange Line from North Station. Additionally, transfers from the Fitchburg Line
Fitchburg Line
to the South Station
South Station
lines can be made at Porter, a one-seat ride on the Red Line. A North–South Rail Link is proposed to link North and South Stations, but as of May 2006 the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Massachusetts
has withdrawn its sponsorship of the proposal due to its high cost. Subway station[edit]

An Orange Line train at North Station
North Station
in 2006

Station on the Boston
Boston
subway's Orange Line and Green Line

Station layout[edit]

G Street Level Exit/Entrance

B1 Outbound Green Line toward Lechmere (Science Park) → Green Line short turn →

Side platform, doors will open on the right

Mezzanine One-way faregates, ticket machines, station agent Connection to MBTA Commuter Rail/ Amtrak
Amtrak
platforms

B2 Inbound ← Green Line toward Cleveland Circle or Heath Street (Haymarket)

Island platform, doors will open on the left for Green Line trains and right for Orange Line trains

Inbound ← Orange Line toward Forest Hills (Haymarket)

Outbound Orange Line toward Oak Grove (Community College) →

Side platform, doors will open on the right

Accessibility[edit] See also: MBTA accessibility North Station
North Station
is wheelchair accessible on all modes. There is a cross-platform connection between the inbound Orange Line and the inbound Green Line; transferring in other directions is accessible but requires the use of elevators. All other Orange Line stations are accessible as well, but not all Green Line stations are wheelchair accessible. Most major stations on the MBTA Commuter Rail
MBTA Commuter Rail
routes are accessible with full-length high or mini-high platforms, but some stations are not accessible. All Downeaster stations are accessible with high platforms or low platforms with wheelchair lifts. Bus connections[edit] One MBTA Bus
MBTA Bus
route and one privately run (but open to the public) route serve North Station:

4 North Station
North Station
- World Trade Center via Federal Courthouse & South Station EZRide
EZRide
Shuttle

The 4 runs on Causeway Street, with stops near Canal Street. The EZRide
EZRide
Shuttle loops on Red Auerbach
Red Auerbach
Way with a stop near the secondary entrance to North Station.[5] Lovejoy Wharf[edit]

Water taxi
Water taxi
and former ferry dock at Lovejoy Wharf in 2014

Lovejoy Wharf, located off Beverly Street northeast of North Station, is the head of navigation of the Charles River
Charles River
due to the adjacent Charles River
Charles River
Dam.[5] It is served by water taxi services to Logan Airport and the Boston
Boston
waterfront by two private companies.[6] Scheduled ferry service was formerly operated to Lovejoy Wharf as well. Two MBTA Boat
MBTA Boat
routes - the F3 Lovejoy Wharf - Boston
Boston
Navy Yard and F5 Lovejoy Wharf - World Trade Center via Moakley Courthouse - began operation in 1997 during Big Dig
Big Dig
construction.[7] They were discontinued on January 21, 2005 due to low ridership.[7][8] The F5X Lovejoy Wharf - World Trade Center Express route, which did not rely on MBTA funding, was run until February 24, 2006.[8]

History[edit] Early history[edit] North Union Station[edit]

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North Union Station, circa 1897

Before North Union Station
North Union Station
opened on the spot in 1893, there were four separate stations in the area:

The Boston
Boston
and Maine Railroad terminal was just north of Haymarket Square, between Canal Street and Haverhill Street, stretching most of the way to Traverse Street. This approach was later used by the Green Line and Orange Line and precessors. The other three were all on the north side of Causeway Street, with the first two in the area where North Station
North Station
is now. The Boston
Boston
and Lowell Railroad terminal was on the east side of Nashua Street, stretching east for about a block. Next was the Eastern Railroad terminal, across Causeway Street from Friend Street. The Fitchburg Railroad
Fitchburg Railroad
station was on the other side of the Boston
Boston
and Maine Railroad approach, right next to Beverly Street, the approach to the Warren Bridge.

Just south of North Station
North Station
was the Canal Street Incline
Canal Street Incline
through which the Tremont Street Subway
Tremont Street Subway
(now part of the Green Line) went from surface to subway, and later the Washington Street Tunnel connected to the Charlestown Elevated
Charlestown Elevated
(both later part of the Orange Line). Construction of the subways[edit] The Tremont Street Subway
Tremont Street Subway
was extended north from Park Street in 1898. It rose to the surface at the Canal Street Incline, with a surface terminal at Causeway Street. The Main Line Elevated opened in 1901 with an elevated station at North Union Station. Elevated trains ran south through the Tremont Street Subway, north on the Charlestown Elevated, and east along the waterfront on the Atlantic Avenue Elevated. The elevated moved into its own tunnel in 1908.[1] The Causeway Street Elevated
Causeway Street Elevated
opened in 1912, with an elevated tram station over Causeway Street. The project included a single-track platform for Atlantic Avenue Elevated
Atlantic Avenue Elevated
shuttle trains. North Station[edit]

North Station
North Station
circa 1928

The original North Union Station
North Union Station
was demolished in 1928 to make way for the Boston
Boston
Garden, which included a new North Station
North Station
as part of the design. The Atlantic Avenue elevated was reduced to a North Station-South Station shuttle by 1928 after an accident at Beach Street, and closed entirely in 1938. It was demolished in 1942, but the shuttle platform remained intact.

1959 bombing[edit]

Aftermath of the June 1959 bombing

In 1959, a bomb exploded in a locker in the Main Line Elevated station, killing one M.T.A. worker. Operations were suspended the rest of the day, and the track was up and running the next day, contrary to public expectations. Further bomb threats were phoned in, but no other bombs were found.[9] End of interstate service[edit]

North Station
North Station
in the early 1960s

Until the 1960s, the station was the hub for long-distance B&M service to multiple locales north and west of Boston, usually in conjunction with other railroads. Service cutbacks began in the 1950s, and service soon dwindled down to commuter rail operations. The sole interstate routes remaining after 1965 were single daily round trips to Concord and Dover in New Hampshire, which lasted until June 30, 1967.[1] By this point, the interstate train itineraries consisted of self-propelled Budd Rail Diesel Cars, often just one or two cars for the trip. Limited MBTA Commuter Rail
MBTA Commuter Rail
service to Concord, New Hampshire
Concord, New Hampshire
was run from January 28, 1980 to March 1, 1981 as part of a federally funded experiment.[1]

Name Final B & M station at peak level Partner railroad in continuing joint train service Final destination Year discontinued

The Minute Man Troy, New York
Troy, New York
via Fitchburg, Massachusetts
Massachusetts
and Greenfield, Massachusetts New York Central Chicago, Illinois 1960

The Cheshire Bellows Falls, Vermont
Bellows Falls, Vermont
via Fitchburg, Massachusetts
Massachusetts
and Keene, New Hampshire - - 1958

Green Mountain Flyer Bellows Falls, Vermont Rutland Railway Burlington, Vermont, Montreal, Quebec 1953

Ambassador[10] White River Junction, Vermont via Lowell, Massachusetts
Massachusetts
and Concord, New Hampshire Central Vermont Railway Essex Junction, Vermont, Montreal, Quebec 1966

Alouette[11] Wells River, Vermont
Wells River, Vermont
via Lowell, Massachusetts
Massachusetts
and Concord, New Hampshire Canadian Pacific Railway Montreal, Quebec 1965

Flying Yankee Portland, Maine
Portland, Maine
via Dover, New Hampshire Maine Central Railroad Bangor, Maine 1957

Aroostook Flyer Portland, Maine Maine Central Railroad Bangor and Aroostook Railroad Bangor, Maine, Presque Isle, Maine 1961

The Gull[11] Portland, Maine Maine Central Railroad Canadian Pacific Railway Canadian National Railway Halifax, Nova Scotia
Halifax, Nova Scotia
via Saint John, New Brunswick 1960

MBTA era[edit] Subway station[edit] In 1975, the Orange Line was moved underground as part of the Haymarket North Extension
Haymarket North Extension
project. New station[edit] The FleetCenter (now the TD Garden) replaced Boston
Boston
Garden in 1995, including a redesigned North Station. "Superstation"[edit]

A southbound Green Line train at the "superstation" in February 2006

In November 2005, the MBTA completed construction of its "North Station Superstation" project, which placed the Green Line underground, offering inbound cross-platform transfers between the Green and Orange Lines. Outbound Green Line trains arrive on the mezzanine level, still within fare control. The project was done primarily to improve transfer between the two lines but also to tear down the old elevated North Station
North Station
Green Line stop and the old Causeway Street Elevated
Causeway Street Elevated
structure.[1] Renovation[edit]

Expanded waiting area for commuter rail and Amtrak
Amtrak
trains

In April 2006, the MBTA announced plans to enlarge the cramped waiting area in the aboveground portion of the station, by building over the south end of the tracks and platforms. The expansion was substantially completed by the end of January 2007 and was paid for by Delaware North Companies, owners of the TD Garden, who signed a deal for sharing revenue from concessions and advertising with the MBTA. The redesigned station was built for 12 tracks, but only 10 were placed in service.[citation needed] Boston
Boston
Garden Towers changes[edit] Beginning in early 2016, Boston
Boston
Properties will be building 'The Boston
Boston
Garden', a mixed-use development including two towers, on the former Boston
Boston
Garden site. The development will include a new entrance to the rail station from Causeway Street opposite Canal Street, plus an underground passageway from the rail station to the subway station.[12][13] The MBTA subway headhouse on the north side of Causeway Street was permanently closed on January 2, 2016; the underground connection which replaces it is scheduled to open three years later.[14] New elevators are also planned to be added to the Valenti Way headhouse to improve accessibility.[15] Drawbridge replacement[edit] The two aging two-track drawbridges at North Station
North Station
are planned to be replaced by two new three-track spans, which will be more reliable and have higher capacity. A sixth platform will be added to serve new tracks 11 and 12, the Fitchburg mainline will be slightly relocated to provide more layover space near the maintenance facility, and FX interlocking will be reconfigured.[16] As of October 2016[update], bidding for a $75 million contract on the drawbridge work is expected to begin in December 2016.[17] References[edit]

^ a b c d e f Belcher, Jonathan (November 12, 2012). "Changes to Transit Service in the MBTA district" (PDF). NETransit. Retrieved February 20, 2013.  ^ "Ridership and Service Statistics" (PDF) (14 ed.). Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Bay Transportation Authority. 2014. Retrieved August 18, 2014.  ^ Humphrey, Thomas J. (December 21, 2012). "MBTA Commuter Rail Passenger Count Results" (PDF). Boston
Boston
Region Metropolitan Planning Organization. Retrieved August 10, 2015.  ^ " Amtrak
Amtrak
Fact Sheet, FY2017, State of Massachusetts" (PDF). Amtrak. November 2017. Retrieved 21 December 2017.  ^ a b " North Station
North Station
Neighborhood Map" (PDF). Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Bay Transportation Authority. April 2012. Retrieved November 25, 2015.  ^ "Water Transport: Water Shuttles and Water Taxis". Massachusetts Port Authority. Retrieved December 8, 2015.  ^ a b "Lovejoy Ferry Service Ends" (PDF). TRANSreport. Boston
Boston
Region Metropolitan Planning Organization: 3. January 2005. Retrieved November 25, 2015.  ^ a b "Ridership and Service Statistics" (PDF). Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Bay Transportation Authority. 2010. Retrieved August 1, 2014.  ^ " North Station
North Station
Explosion, 1959". Celebrate Boston. Retrieved January 25, 2015.  ^ "White River Junction, Vt. and Area, 1964-65 and 2000". Trainweb.org. September 2002.  ^ a b VanBokkelen, James. "Run-Through Passenger Trains in New England". Far Acres Farm. Retrieved April 2, 2017.  ^ Carlock, Caroline (November 5, 2015). " Boston
Boston
Properties clears major hurdle for ambitious Boston
Boston
Garden project". Boston
Boston
Business Journal. Retrieved November 25, 2015.  ^ Epsilon Associates, Inc. (September 6, 2013). "Expanded Project Notification Form: The Boston
Boston
Garden". Boston
Boston
Redevelopment Authority. Retrieved November 25, 2015.  ^ "Subway Service Alerts: Green Line". Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Bay Transportation Authority. November 25, 2015. Archived from the original on November 26, 2015.  ^ Brelsford, Laura (December 5, 2016). "MBTA System-Wide Accessibility Initiatives: December 2016 Update" (PDF). Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Bay Transportation Authority Department of System-Wide Accessibility. p. 10.  ^ "Commuter Rail Schedules Initiative: North Side" (PDF). Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Bay Transportation Authority. October 6, 2015. p. 13.  ^ "Future Construction Contract Bid Solicitations". Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Bay Transportation Authority. October 2016. Archived from the original on October 14, 2016. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to North Station
North Station
(Boston) and North Station
North Station
(MBTA station).

Amtrak
Amtrak
– Stations – Boston
Boston
North Station MBTA: Boston
Boston
North Station

Commuter Rail Green and Orange Lines

Boston
Boston
North Amtrak
Amtrak
Station (USA RailGuide -- TrainWeb) Causeway Street and Accolyn Way entrance from Google Maps Street View Commuter Rail and Amtrak
Amtrak
platforms from Google Maps Street View Boston-North Station, MA (BON) (Amtrak's Great American Stations) Boston
Boston
Redevelopment Authority - The Boston
Boston
Garden

v t e

Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Bay Transportation Authority

Subway lines (List of stations)

Heavy rail

     Blue      Orange      Red

Light rail

     Green

"B" Branch "C" Branch "D" Branch "E" Branch

     Ashmont–Mattapan

Former lines

     Arborway Line      Atlantic Avenue Elevated      Causeway Street Elevated      Charlestown Elevated      Green Line "A" Branch      Washington Street Elevated

     Commuter Rail lines (List of stations)

North Station
North Station
lines

Fitchburg Haverhill (Wildcat Branch) Lowell Newburyport/Rockport

South Station
South Station
lines

Fairmount Framingham/Worcester Franklin Greenbush Needham Old Colony (Kingston/Plymouth Middleborough/Lakeville CapeFLYER) Providence/Stoughton

Former lines

Central Mass Branch Dedham Branch Lexington Branch Millis Branch Woburn Branch

     Bus routes

     Silver Line List of routes Crosstown routes Key routes Trackless trolleys

Other services

     Boat The Ride

Component parts of system lines

     Boylston Street Subway      Haymarket North Extension      Lechmere Viaduct      Tremont Street Subway

Capital projects

Under construction

     Blue Hill Avenue station      Green Line Extension       Haverhill Line
Haverhill Line
upgrades           Silver Line Gateway / Chelsea station      Ruggles modifications      Wollaston renovation

In planning / proposed

     Buzzards Bay extension      Foxboro service      Kingston RI extension      Nashua extension      North–South Rail Link      South Coast Rail      South Salem station

Formerly proposed

     Arborway Line restoration       Indigo Line
Indigo Line
(Fairmount Grand Junction Track 61)      Plaistow extension      Reading extension           Red—Blue Connector      Lynn extension      Urban Ring Project

History

Predecessor companies

Boston
Boston
Elevated Railway

Streetcar lines

Boston
Boston
and Maine Railroad Conrail

New York Central
New York Central
Railroad New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad Penn Central

Eastern Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Street Railway Middlesex and Boston
Boston
Street Railway

Newton and Boston
Boston
Street Railway

Accidents and incidents

     1990 Back Bay      2008 Waban/Woodland

Other

Accessibility Arts on the Line Bicycling CharlieCard Grand Junction Railroad "Charlie on the M.T.A." Nomenclature Police Winter Street Concourse Yards and maintenance facilities

v t e

Stations of the MBTA Subway

Blue Line

Wonderland Revere Beach Beachmont Suffolk Downs Orient Heights Wood Island Airport Maverick Aquarium State Government Center Bowdoin

Orange Line

Oak Grove Malden Center Wellington Assembly Sullivan Square Community College North Station Haymarket State Downtown Crossing Chinatown Tufts Medical Center Back Bay Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Avenue Ruggles Roxbury Crossing Jackson Square Stony Brook Green Street Forest Hills

Red Line

Alewife Davis Porter Harvard Central Kendall/MIT Charles/MGH Park Street Downtown Crossing South Station Broadway Andrew JFK/UMass

Ashmont Branch

Savin Hill Fields Corner Shawmut Ashmont

Braintree Branch

North Quincy Wollaston Quincy Center Quincy Adams Braintree

Ashmont–Mattapan High-Speed Line

Ashmont Cedar Grove Butler Milton Central Ave Valley Road Capen Street Mattapan

Green Line

Kenmore Hynes Convention Center Copley Arlington Boylston Park Street Government Center Haymarket North Station

"B" Branch

Boston
Boston
College South Street Chestnut Hill Ave Chiswick Road Sutherland Road Washington Street Warren Street Allston Street Griggs Street / Long Ave Harvard Ave Packards Corner Babcock Street Pleasant Street St. Paul Street Boston
Boston
University West Boston
Boston
University Central Boston
Boston
University East Blandford Street

"C" Branch

Cleveland Circle Englewood Ave Dean Road Tappan Street Washington Square Fairbanks Brandon Hall Summit Avenue Coolidge Corner St. Paul Street Kent Street Hawes Street St. Marys Street

"D" Branch

Riverside Woodland Waban Eliot Newton Highlands Newton Centre Chestnut Hill Reservoir Beaconsfield Brookline Hills Brookline Village Longwood Fenway

"E" Branch

Heath Street Back of the Hill Riverway Mission Park Fenwood Road Brigham Circle Longwood Medical Area Museum of Fine Arts Northeastern University Symphony Prudential Science Park Lechmere

Italics denote closed stations and line segments.

v t e

Boston
Boston
Bruins

Founded in 1924 Based in Boston, Massachusetts

Franchise

Team General Managers Coaches Players Captains Draft picks Seasons Current season

History

Original Six Records Award winners Retired numbers 1956 exhibition game in Newfoundland

Personnel

Owner Jeremy Jacobs President Cam Neely General manager Don Sweeney Head coach Bruce Cassidy Team captain Zdeno Chara Current roster

Arenas

Boston
Boston
Arena Boston
Boston
Garden TD Garden Warrior Ice Arena (practice facility)

Rivalries

Montreal Canadiens Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Flyers

Affiliates

AHL Providence Bruins ECHL Atlanta Gladiators

Media

NESN WBZ-FM/Radio Network Broadcasters

Culture and lore

Rene Rancourt The Goal The night the lights went out in Massachusetts Willie O'Ree North Station The Sports Museum
The Sports Museum
of New England The Big Bad Bruins The Kraut Line "Time to Go" 2010 NHL Winter Classic 2016 NHL Winter Classic 2019 NHL Winter Classic

v t e

Boston
Boston
Celtics

Founded in 1946 Based in Boston, Massachusetts

Franchise

Franchise Team history All-time roster Seasons Accomplishments Head coaches Current season

Arenas

Boston
Boston
Arena Boston
Boston
Garden Hartford Civic Center TD Garden

Administration

Boston
Boston
Basketball Partners (owner) Wyc Grousbeck (CEO) Wyc Grousbeck, H. Irving Grousbeck, Stephen Pagliuca (managing partners) Danny Ainge
Danny Ainge
(General manager) Brad Stevens
Brad Stevens
(Head coach)

General managers

Brown Auerbach Volk Wallace Ainge

Retired numbers

00 1 2 3 6 10 14 15 16 17 18 LOSCY 19 21 22 23 24 25 31 32 33 34 35 MIC

Hall of Famers

Boston
Boston
Celtics Hall of Famers

G League affiliate

Maine Red Claws

Rivalries

Detroit Pistons Los Angeles Lakers New York Knicks Philadelphia
Philadelphia
76ers

Culture

Celtic Pride Greatest game ever played Tommy Points "Love ya, Cooz!" Close, but no cigar! Bill Russell Beat L.A. Celtics/Lakers: Best of Enemies Mike Gorman Johnny Most "Havlicek stole the ball!" Henderson steals the ball! Bird steals the ball! Boston
Boston
Garden North Station Larry Legend DJ The Chief The Truth The Sports Museum
The Sports Museum
of New England

NBA Championships (17)

1957 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1968 1969 1974 1976 1981 1984 1986 2008

Eastern Conference Championships (21)

1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1968 1969 1974 1976 1981 1984 1985 1986 1987 2008 2010

Media

TV NBC Sports Boston Radio WBZ-FM Announcers Mike Gorman Tom Heinsohn Brian Scalabrine Sean Grande Cedric Maxwell

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