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The Norfolk Southern Railway
Norfolk Southern Railway
(reporting mark NS[3]) is a Class I railroad in the United States. With headquarters in Norfolk, Virginia, the company operates 21,500 route miles in 22 eastern states, the District of Columbia,[4] and has rights in Canada
Canada
from Buffalo to Toronto
Toronto
and over the Albany to Montréal route.[5][6] NS is responsible for maintaining 26,300 miles, with the remainder being operated under trackage rights from other parties responsible for maintenance.[7] The most common commodity hauled on the railroad is coal from mines in Indiana, Kentucky, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia. The railroad also offers the largest intermodal network in eastern North America. NS is a major transporter of domestic and export coal. The railroad's major sources of the mineral are located in: Pennsylvania's Cambria and Indiana
Indiana
counties, as well as the Monongahela Valley; West Virginia; and the Appalachia regions of Virginia, Kentucky, and Tennessee. In Pennsylvania, NS also receives coal through interchange with R.J. Corman Railroad/ Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Lines at Cresson, Pennsylvania, originating in the "Clearfield Cluster". NS's export of West Virginia bituminous coal begins transport on portions of the well-engineered former Virginian Railway
Virginian Railway
and the former N&W double-tracked line in Eastern Virginia
Virginia
to its Lambert's Point
Lambert's Point
coal pier on Hampton Roads
Hampton Roads
at Norfolk. Coal
Coal
transported by NS is thus exported to steel mills and power plants around the world. The company is also a major transporter of auto parts and completed vehicles. It operates intermodal container and TOFC (trailer on flat car) trains, some in conjunction with other railroads. NS was the first railway to employ roadrailers, which are highway truck trailers with interchangeable wheel sets. The Norfolk Southern Railway's parent Norfolk Southern Corporation
Norfolk Southern Corporation
is based in Norfolk, Virginia. Norfolk Southern Corporation
Norfolk Southern Corporation
was incorporated on July 23, 1980 in the Commonwealth of Virginia
Virginia
and is publicly traded on the New York Stock Exchange
New York Stock Exchange
(NYSE) under the symbol NSC. The primary business function of Norfolk Southern Corporation
Norfolk Southern Corporation
is the rail transportation of raw materials, intermediate products, and finished goods across the Southeast, East, and Midwest United States. The corporation further facilitates transport to the remainder of the United States
United States
through interchange with other rail carriers while also serving overseas transport needs by serving several Atlantic and Gulf Coast ports. As of October 1, 2014 Norfolk Southern Corporation's total public stock value was slightly over $34.5 billion.

Contents

1 History 2 Company officers 3 Current trackage

3.1 Regional divisions 3.2 Pittsburgh Line 3.3 Chicago
Chicago
Corridor 3.4 Chicago
Chicago
Bypass 3.5 Meridian Speedway 3.6 Pan Am Southern/Patriot Corridor

4 Yards and facilities

4.1 General Freight Classification Yards 4.2 Intermodal classification yards 4.3 Locomotive shops

5 Environmental record 6 Locomotive and rolling stock

6.1 Paint and colors 6.2 Locomotives 6.3 Heritage fleet 6.4 Steam excursion programs 6.5 Rolling stock

7 Reporting marks 8 Television commercials 9 Awards and recognition 10 See also

10.1 Improvement projects 10.2 Cultural references 10.3 Trade unions

11 References 12 Bibliography 13 External links

History[edit] The system began in 1982 with the creation of the Norfolk Southern Corporation, a holding company for the Southern Railway (SOU, formed in 1894) and Norfolk & Western Railway (N&W, formed in 1881). The new company was given the name of the Norfolk Southern Railway, an older line acquired by SOU in 1974, that primarily served North Carolina and the southeastern tip of Virginia. Headquarters for the new NS were established in Norfolk, Virginia. The company suffered a slight embarrassment[8] when the marble headpiece at the building's entrance was unveiled, which read "Norfork Southern Railway". A new headpiece replaced the erroneous one several weeks later.[9] NS aimed to compete in the eastern United States
United States
with CSX
CSX
Transportation, formed after the Interstate Commerce Commission's 1980 approval of the merger of the Chessie System
Chessie System
and the Seaboard System. Norfolk Southern's predecessor railroads date to the early 19th century. The SR's earliest predecessor line was the South Carolina Canal & Rail Road. Chartered in 1827, the South Carolina Canal & Rail Road Company became the first to offer regularly scheduled passenger train service with the inaugural run of the Best Friend of Charleston
Best Friend of Charleston
in 1830.[10] Another early predecessor, the Richmond & Danville Railroad (R&D), was formed in 1847 and expanded into a large system after the American Civil War
American Civil War
under Algernon S. Buford. The R&D ultimately fell on hard times and in 1894, it became a major portion of the new Southern Railway (SOU). Financier J. P. Morgan selected veteran railroader Samuel Spencer as president. Profitable and innovative, Southern became, in 1953, the first major U.S. railroad to completely switch to diesel-electric locomotives from steam. The City Point Railroad, established in 1838, was a 9-mile (14 km) railroad in Virginia
Virginia
that started south of Richmond — specifically, City Point on the navigable portion of the James River, now part of the independent city of Hopewell — and ran to Petersburg. It was acquired by the South Side Railroad in 1854. After the Civil War, it became part of the Atlantic, Mississippi & Ohio Railroad (AM&O), a trunk line across Virginia's southern tier formed by mergers in 1870 by William Mahone, who had built the Norfolk & Petersburg Railroad in the 1850s. The AM&O was the oldest portion of the Norfolk & Western (N&W) when it was formed in 1881, under new owners with a keen interest and financial investments in the coal fields of Western Virginia
Virginia
and West Virginia, a product which came to define and enrich the railroad. In the second half of the 20th century, the N&W acquired the Virginian Railway
Virginian Railway
(1959), the Wabash Railway, and the Nickel Plate Road, among others.[11] In 1990, the two systems merged and formed the Norfolk Southern Railway. The system grew with the acquisition of over half of Conrail. In 1996, CSX
CSX
bid to buy Conrail; Norfolk Southern, fearing that CSX
CSX
would come to dominate rail traffic in the eastern U.S., responded with a bid of its own. On June 23, 1997, NS and CSX
CSX
filed a joint application with the Surface Transportation Board
Surface Transportation Board
(STB) for authority to purchase, divide, and operate the assets of Conrail. On June 6, 1998, the STB approved the NS- CSX
CSX
application, effective August 22, 1998. NS acquired 58% of Conrail
Conrail
assets, while CSX
CSX
got the remaining 42%, including about 7,200 miles (11,600 km) of track, most of which was part of the former Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Railroad. NS began operating its trains on its portion of the former Conrail
Conrail
network on June 1, 1999, closing out the 1990s merger era. The Consolidated Rail Corporation (Conrail) was a 11,000-mile (18,000 km) system formed in 1976 from the Penn Central Railroad (1968–1976),[11] by bringing together several ailing northeastern railway systems into a government-owned corporation. Conrail
Conrail
was perhaps the most controversial conglomerate in corporate history. Penn Central itself was created by merging three venerable rivals — the Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Railroad (PRR, 1846), the New York Central Railroad (NYC, 1831), and the New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad (NYNH&H, 1872) — as well as some smaller competitors. In 1980, Conrail
Conrail
had become profitable after the Staggers Act largely deregulated the U.S. railroad industry. Norfolk Southern and CSX Transportation
CSX Transportation
have a duopoly over all east-west freight rail traffic east of the Mississippi River. According to NS's 2015 Annual Report to Investors, at the end of 2015, NS had more than 30,456 employees, 4,353 locomotives, and 76,641 freight cars. At the end of 2015, the transport of coal made up 17% of the total operating revenue of NS, general merchandise (automotive, chemicals, metals, construction materials, agriculture commodities, consumer products, paper, clay, and forest products) made up 62%, and intermodal made up 23% of the total. In 2016, a proposed merger that had been months in the pipeline with Canadian Pacific
Canadian Pacific
was abandoned abruptly. The proposed merger would have seen the joining of two companies worth over $20 billion each. Company officers[edit]

John P. Fishwick, Sr.[12]

CEO and President of Norfolk Western Railroad: 1970-1980 CEO and President of Norfolk Southern Railroad: 1980-1981

Robert B. Claytor, CEO: 1982–1987 Arnold B. McKinnon, CEO and President: 1987–1992 David R. Goode:

CEO: 1992–2005 President: 1991–2004

Charles "Wick" Moorman:

CEO: 2005–2015 President: 2004–2013

James A. Squires:[13]

President: June 1, 2013–present CEO: June 1, 2015–present

Current trackage[edit] Main article: List of Norfolk Southern Railway
Norfolk Southern Railway
lines Regional divisions[edit]

Lake Dearborn Illinois Alabama Georgia Piedmont Pittsburgh Harrisburg Central Pocahontas

Pittsburgh Line[edit]

Two NS trains heading east along the Pittsburgh Line

The Pittsburgh Line
Pittsburgh Line
is NS's principal east–west line from the Northeast to the Midwest. Running from Harrisburg, Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
to Conway, Pennsylvania, it once was the core of the Pennsylvania Railroad's (PRR) main line. An average day sees 60 to 110 trains of all types. The line is home to the famous Horseshoe Curve. Chicago
Chicago
Corridor[edit] At about 150 miles, this is the most direct route for NS trains between Chicago
Chicago
and Fort Wayne, Indiana. It has 16 passing sidings and several stretches of double track. Chicago
Chicago
Bypass[edit] Main article: Kankakee Belt Route Meridian Speedway[edit] Main article: Meridian Speedway Pan Am Southern/Patriot Corridor[edit] On May 15, 2008, NS announced that it would join with the ailing Pan Am Railways to create the "Patriot Corridor", an improved rail route between Albany, New York, and the greater Boston, Massachusetts, area.[14][15][16] On March 12, 2009, STB approved the deal.[17] Each of the two companies now owns 50% of a new company known as Pan Am Southern (PAS). PAR's trackage between Ayer, Massachusetts, and Mechanicville, New York, was transferred to PAS, and continues to be operated and maintained by PAR's Springfield Terminal Railway Company subsidiary. NS transferred to PAS cash and property valued at $140 million. Planned improvements to the route include upgrades to tracks and signals and new automotive and intermodal terminals. Yards and facilities[edit]

Norfolk Southern yard in Croxton, New Jersey near Jersey City, New Jersey

Main article: List of Norfolk Southern Railway
Norfolk Southern Railway
lines Largely an eastern U.S. railway, NS directly owns and operates 21,300 miles (34,300 kilometres) of track in 22 states. It operates three primary hubs in its system: Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, Chicago, and Atlanta
Atlanta
and maintains facilities across the Eastern US to facilitate operations, including rail classification yards, intermodal yards, and locomotive shops NS has rights to operate its trains with its own crews on competing railroads' tracks. These trackage rights permit NS to operate as far west as Dallas, Texas
Dallas, Texas
on BNSF Railway
BNSF Railway
tracks, as far north as Waterville, Maine, and as far south as Miami, Florida
Miami, Florida
on the Florida East Coast Railway tracks. NS locomotives also occasionally operate on competitors' tracks throughout the U.S. and Canada
Canada
due to the practice of locomotive leasing and sharing undertaken by the Class I railroads. Not including second, third, and fourth main line trackage, yards, and sidings, NS directly operates some 21,500 miles (34,600 kilometres) of track. In addition NS has direct control over approximately 38,000 miles (61,000 kilometres). General Freight Classification Yards[edit]

Enola Yard, PA

Allentown, PA Altoona, PA Chamblee, GA Baltimore, MD Bellevue, OH Birmingham, AL Chattanooga, Tennessee
Tennessee
- Debutts Yard Chicago, IL Cincinnati, OH Cleveland, OH Columbus, OH Conway, PA – Conway Yard Decatur, IL Detroit, MI Elrama, PA Shire Oaks yard Elkhart, IN Harrisburg, PA – Enola Yard Kansas City, MO Linwood, NC – Spencer Yard[18] Louisville, KY Macon, Georgia - Brosnan Yard Newark, NJ Norfolk, VA Roanoke, VA Sheffield, AL St. Louis, MO – Luther Yard

Intermodal classification yards[edit]

Atlanta, GA - Inman Yard Austell, GA (Whitaker) Ayer, MA Baltimore, MD Bethlehem, PA Buffalo, NY Charlotte, NC Chesapeake, VA – Portlock Chicago, IL – 47th Street Chicago, IL – 63rd Street Chicago, IL – Calumet Chicago, IL – Landers Cincinnati, OH – Gest Street Collierville, TN – Rossville (Memphis) Columbus, OH Dallas, TX – KCS Decatur, IL Detroit, MI – Delray Detroit, MI – Livernois Elizabeth, NJ – Elizabeth Marine Terminal Elizabeth, NJ – E-Rail Front Royal, VA Garden City, GA – Garden City Marine Terminal (Savannah) Georgetown, KY Greencastle, PA – Franklin County Regional Intermodal Facility Greensboro, NC Greer, SC – South Carolina Inland Port Harrisburg, PA – Harrisburg Intermodal Yard Harrisburg, PA – Rutherford Intermodal Yard Huntsville, AL Jacksonville, FL - Simpson Yard Jersey City, NJ (Croxton) Kansas City, MO Langhorne, PA (Morrisville) Louisville, KY – Appliance Park Louisville, KY – Buechel Maple Heights, OH (Cleveland) McCalla, AL (Birmingham) Mechanicville, NY (Albany) Memphis, TN – Forrest Yard Norfolk, VA – Norfolk International Terminals North Charleston, SC (Charleston) New Orleans, LA - Oliver Yard * Portsmouth, VA – APM Terminal Rossville, TN - Rossville Intermodal Facility Savannah, GA – Dillard Yard ( connection to Savannah Port Terminal Railroad) Sharonville, OH (Cincinnati) St. Louis, MO Taylor, PA Toledo, OH Wall, PA (Pittsburgh)

[19] Locomotive shops[edit]

Juniata Shops at Altoona Works

Altoona, PA – Altoona Works Bellevue, OH Chattanooga, TN Conway, PA – Conway Yard Elkhart, IN Harrisburg, PA – Enola Yard Roanoke, VA – Shaffer's Crossing Locomotive Shop Roanoke, VA – Roanoke Locomotive Shop

NS also shares interest with CSX
CSX
in the Oak Island Yard, managed by Conrail
Conrail
Shared Assets Operations in Newark, New Jersey. Environmental record[edit] On January 6, 2005, a NS derailment resulted in a large amount of chlorine and diesel fuel being released into nearby waterways in Graniteville, South Carolina. In addition, a toxic cloud covered the city resulting in the town being evacuated. Federal common carrier laws prevent railroads from refusing to transport chlorine and similar Toxic Inhalation Hazard (TIH) commodities. Local wildlife was killed, many of the local crops and vegetation were contaminated or killed, nine human deaths were reported, and thousands were injured.[20] The company is being taken to court and being fined for violating the Clean Water Act
Clean Water Act
and the Federal Superfund law. NS has spent a total of $26 million for the cleanup.[21] In early spring of 2008, the state program manager for air quality planning in Georgia, Jimmy Johnston, had been talking to NS about voluntary upgrades to reduce the company's environmental impact. NS is upgrading 3,800 of its locomotives with new technology that is 73 percent more efficient than previous models. The new technology being put into the locomotives is making the ride more fuel efficient and reducing idle time.[22][full citation needed] NS has also introduced an experimental battery-electric switcher locomotive, NS 999. This prototype locomotive was developed by Norfolk Southern, in collaboration with the United States
United States
Department of Energy, the Federal Railroad Administration and the Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
State University.[23] Locomotive and rolling stock[edit] Paint and colors[edit] NS's locomotives are often called "catfish" by railfans, as the stripes are said to look like catfish whiskers.[24] The current "Horsehead" paint scheme for NS locomotives is black and white, with yellow grab irons and step-edge highlights. Locomotives feature a rearing horse decal enclosed in the "catfish" stripes on both the nose and rear, which is consistent with marketing campaigns where NS has billed itself as "The Thoroughbred of Transportation". The first few AC44C6Ms features a special version of the Horsehead scheme, which is painted for the D.C. To A.C. Project. The others retain the regular paint job. The GE AC44C6Ms are rebuilt from GE Dash 9-40Cs. EMD GP59
EMD GP59
SOU# 4610 was painted in predecessor Southern colors of green and white with gold trim and was a favorite of railfans. The work was done at the Debutts Yard in Chattanooga, Tennessee
Tennessee
during the summer of 1994 and the locomotive received a repaint in the summer of 2004. The locomotive was repainted standard NS black and white in February 2012. Norfolk Southern painted 20 new-order ES44ACs and SD70ACes in commemorative heritage paint schemes as part of NS's 30th anniversary celebration in 2012 (more info below in the "Heritage Schemes" section). Norfolk Southern also has many locomotives painted in various versions of the Operation Lifesaver scheme. In February 2015, Norfolk Southern unveiled restored NS 3170 in the Southern Railway "Tuxedo" paint scheme. The 3170 is a SD40, the first ordered by the Southern Railway and was retired by Norfolk Southern in 2007. In September 2015, SD45-2
SD45-2
1700 was unveiled wearing its original Erie Lackawanna
Erie Lackawanna
paint. Another SD40, NS 1580, was set aside for repaint into its original Norfolk and Western
Norfolk and Western
paint scheme; however, as of January 2017, it has yet to be repainted. In January 2015, the first of the state-funded "ECO Class" units – painted in a in two-tone green, white, and black paint scheme – was completed. "ECO" locomotives thus far (January 2017) include GP33ECO and SD33ECO; additionally, these units come with 'slug' types: RP-M4C (GP33ECO) and RPU6D (SD33ECO). In November 2011, Norfolk Southern unveiled SD60E
SD60E
6920 – painted in a blue, red, white and black "Honoring our Veterans" paint scheme. In March 2013, Norfolk Southern released NS SD60E
SD60E
6963, which was painted in a special paint scheme for "GORAIL." In May 2015, Norfolk Southern unveiled another SD60E, number 911 – painted in a red, white, and gold, "Honoring First Responders" paint scheme. Locomotives[edit] A large majority of Norfolk Southern's locomotives come from the companies many predecessors, which include but are not limited to Norfolk and Western, Southern Railway, and Conrail. Of the engines from Norfolk and Western
Norfolk and Western
(NW) and Southern, many were equipped with high short hoods. Although these locomotives are aging, a significant number of 'high hoods' still remain on the roster as of January 2017. Norfolk Southern is in the process of getting rid of them by scrapping, rebuilding, or selling the many units on the roster and units that are stored. Historically, NS has only purchased DC traction diesel locomotives, and was one of the last North American AC-traction hold-outs aside from Canadian National Railway. In September 2008, however, NS placed its first order for new AC traction locomotives: 23 GE ES44ACs, numbered 8000-8023. In the years since, NS has purchased several more ES44ACs as well as over 150 EMD SD70ACes. Beginning in 2012, Norfolk Southern began to take delivery of several types of older EMD locomotives from various railroads and leasing companies, including 9 ex-BNSF "tri-clops" SD60Ms, 6 ex-ATSF (BNSF) SD75Ms, the remaining 12 ex- Conrail
Conrail
SD80MACs owned by CSX, a majority of Union Pacific's SD9043MACs, and more that 130 SD40-2s from First Union Rail, CIT Group, and Helm Leasing. Norfolk Southern is the only railroad ever to own SD80MACs and SD90MACs simultaneously. Norfolk Southern owns all of the SD80MACs and 100 of the SD90MACs from Union Pacific. Norfolk Southern also acquired 10 SD90MACs from CIT Group in exchange for 15 MP15DCs. The SD90MACs are currently being rebuilt into SD70ACUs. The SD80MACs will eventually enter a similar rebuild program and retain their 20-710G3B engine. Norfolk Southern has a very large program for re-cabbing locomotives. NS has its own designed "Admiral Cab," which they use on their 'standard cab' rebuilds. NS has rebuilt GP38-2s, SD40-2s, ECO units, and many more with the Admiral Cab.

A former Southern Railway SD40-2
SD40-2
with a new Admiral Cab (on the left), being passed by another NS train.

In 2015, Norfolk Southern began a program to convert aging and unreliable GE Dash 8-40Cs into Dash 8.5-40CW units (NS calls them (D8.5-40CW). The few units that were upgraded included new cabs, rebuilt and modified engine, electrical upgrades and more. In 2016, the program was deemed unsuccessful, and ET44AC
ET44AC
units were ordered to replace the un-rebuildable 8-40Cs.

A trio of GE demonstrators for the ET44AC

In 2016, NS bought 46 GE ET44AC
ET44AC
Locomotives, also known as Tier 4 Locomotives, numbered 3600-3646. These are the first Tier 4 road engines purchased, and not immediately stored, by NS. They were purchased as the replacement for the Dash 8-40C units, many of which are retired and/or scrapped. Norfolk Southern has an order for 34 more units, due for delivery in 2017. The first order was the first order of new locomotives from NS since late 2014, when EPA
EPA
Tier 4 requirements were put in place. In 2016, Norfolk Southern began a rebuild program on the Dash 9-40C units. The rebuild involved overhaul of the engine, emissions upgrades, a new cab (featuring GE Trip Optimizer, PTC, and NS Cab Signals / Locomotive Speed Limiter), new electronics, DPU and ECP capabilities, increased weight, and an electric parking brake. Norfolk Southern plans on rebuilding all of the Dash 9-40Cs and some of the Dash 9-40CWs. The new locomotives are being classified as GE AC44C6M.

NS #9903 GE C40-9W along with two other units head west from NS Elkhart Yard

NS 39J lead unit NS #8372 GE C40-8W with 5 others are late leaving Kalamazoo due to weather and delays from Amtrak

NS #3524 GE B32-8 at NS Hinman Yard

NS #3067 GP40-2 with it new paint scheme sits in the snow at Botford Yard

A NS GP38-2
GP38-2
in Dover, Delaware, with depot in background

SOU 4610 working train GD01 in Dalton, Georgia, on January 19, 2006

A NS GP38-2
GP38-2
running long hood forward through Ridgewood, New Jersey, on NS H07 the reverse H8K on the Southern Tier and NJ Transit Main Line on March 1, 2008

A GP50 approaches a level crossing in Charlotte, North Carolina
North Carolina
on June 22, 2005

A GE C40-9W leads a train on October 12, 2008

Front view

Heritage fleet[edit]

ES44AC
ES44AC
8100 in Nickel Plate Road
Nickel Plate Road
colors

ES44AC
ES44AC
8099 in Southern Railway colors

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Norfolk Southern heritage units.

In the first half of 2012, Norfolk Southern painted 10 EMD SD70ACes and 10 GE ES44ACs as special heritage units, each bearing the paint schemes and markings of the various predecessor railroads of Norfolk Southern and Conrail. On July 1–3, 2012, all 20 units gathered together at the North Carolina
North Carolina
Transportation Museum at Spencer, North Carolina, as the highlight of NS's 30th-anniversary celebration. The locomotives have since traveled throughout the United States
United States
on various Class I railroads as run-through pool power, attracting much attention from railfans.[25][26][27][28][29] The Heritage Units include:[29]

Central of Georgia (GE ES44AC) #8101 Central Railroad of New Jersey
Central Railroad of New Jersey
(EMD SD70ACe) #1071 Conrail
Conrail
("Big Blue") (GE ES44AC) #8098 Delaware, Lackawanna, & Western (EMD SD70ACe) #1074 Erie (EMD SD70ACe) #1068 Lehigh Valley Railroad
Lehigh Valley Railroad
(Red) (GE ES44AC) #8104 Illinois Terminal Railroad
Illinois Terminal Railroad
(EMD SD70ACe) #1072 Interstate Railroad
Interstate Railroad
(GE ES44AC) #8105 Monongahela Railway
Monongahela Railway
(GE ES44AC) #8025 New York Central Railroad
New York Central Railroad
(EMD SD70ACe) #1066

Nickel Plate Road
Nickel Plate Road
(GE ES44AC) #8100 Norfolk & Western (Blue "Hamburger" Logo) (GE ES44AC) #8103 Norfolk Southern (Original) (GE ES44AC) #8114 Penn Central (EMD SD70ACe) #1073 Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Railroad (Tuscan Red) (GE ES44AC) #8102 Reading Company
Reading Company
(EMD SD70ACe) #1067 Savannah & Atlanta
Atlanta
(Tuxedo Black scheme) (EMD SD70ACe) #1065 Southern (Crescent Green scheme) (GE ES44AC) #8099 Virginian (EMD SD70ACe) #1069 Wabash Railroad
Wabash Railroad
(EMD SD70ACe) #1070 Erie Lackawanna
Erie Lackawanna
(EMD SD45-2) #1700

Steam excursion programs[edit]

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Main article: 21st Century Steam After the 1982 merger, NS President Robert Claytor retained the Southern Railway's steam excursion program begun in the 1960s by his brother, SOU president W. Graham Claytor. NS initially used former Chesapeake and Ohio 2716, which had been modified and decorated as a Southern locomotive for the steam program; however the engine developed with mechanical problems in her fire box after less than a year in excursion service and was replaced by Nickel Plate 765.[30] Merging with the Norfolk & Western Railway prompted the steam program to acquire and overhaul Norfolk & Western 611 in 1982, and Norfolk & Western 1218 in 1987.[30] These two locomotives and 765 joined the steam program veterans – Southern Railway 4501, Savannah and Atlanta
Atlanta
Railway 750, Nickel Plate 587, Louisville & Nashville 152, Atlanta
Atlanta
and West Point 290, Tennessee
Tennessee
Valley Railroad 610, and Frisco 1522
Frisco 1522
– for an extensive series of excursions throughout the late 1980s and early 1990s.[30] Norfolk Southern's management was forced to end the program in late 1994 citing safety concerns, rising insurance costs, the expense of maintaining the steam locomotives, and decreasing rail network availability due to a surge in freight traffic.[31] On December 3, 1994, the 611 became the last steam locomotive running on Norfolk Southern's trackage, running her last steam-powered excursion round-trip between Birmingham, Alabama
Birmingham, Alabama
and Chattanooga, Tennessee. After that, the 611 went on a three-day ferry move from Birmingham to Roanoke, Virginia.[32] She stopped at Atlanta, Georgia for the night on December 5 and next to Salisbury, NC the next day on December 6.[32] Finally, the 611 departed Salisbury and continued her final trip.[32] When the engine arrived back in Roanoke, 611 blew her whistle one last time and had her fire put out.[32] In June 2010, Norfolk Southern that announced they would run excursions with Southern Railway 4501, Southern Railway 630, and U.S. Army 610 with their new 21st Century Steam
21st Century Steam
program.[33] The program began in 2011 with excursions in the south powered by 630 and in the north by 765.[34] On February 22, 2013, the Virginia
Virginia
Museum of Transportation (611's owner) formed a campaign called "Fire Up 611!" to conduct a feasibility study with the goal of returning the 611 to active service and have it join the program.[35] The locomotive was removed from her static display from the Virginia
Virginia
Museum of Transportation to the North Carolina
North Carolina
Transportation Museum in 2014 to be overhauled. That same year, TVRM completed their restoration of Southern Railway 4501
Southern Railway 4501
– joining the 21st Century Steam
21st Century Steam
program for the 2015 season and pulling excursions in Tennessee, Virginia, and Georgia. The restoration of 611 was completed in May 2015 and celebrated with a run to Roanoke, Virginia, where it was originally built. The 611 pulled several excursions in Virginia
Virginia
and was featured in special events at the North Carolina
North Carolina
Transportation Museum. In December 2015, Norfolk Southern had concluded their program; however, the 611 continued to run various excursions, hosted by the Virginia Museum of Transportation and the North Carolina
North Carolina
Transportation Museum instead of Norfolk Southern across the NS system in Virginia
Virginia
and North Carolina.[34] Rolling stock[edit]

2013 NS Rolling Stock

Type Owned Leased Total Total Capacity (Tons)

Gondola 33,820 3,839 37,659 4,098,830

Hopper 15,234 521 15,755 1,737,636

Box 12,356 1,470 13,826 1,151,821

Covered hopper 10,558 158 10,716 1,182,466

Flat 2,506 1,133 3,639 335,196

Other 4,608 87 4,695 225,067

Total 79,082 7,208 86,290 8,731,016

[36] Reporting marks[edit] Although it has been widely known as simply "Norfolk Southern" since 1982, the corporate structure and reporting marks are more complicated. In 1999, when most of Conrail's former PRR trackage was sold to the Norfolk Southern Railway, the Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Railway Lines was created and PRR reporting marks used on the former Conrail
Conrail
motive power and rolling stock.

AGS - Alabama Great Southern Railroad CG sometimes CofG[citation needed] - Central of Georgia Railway CNTP - Cincinnati, New Orleans and Texas Pacific Railway
Cincinnati, New Orleans and Texas Pacific Railway
(CNO&TP) CR - Conrail GANO - Georgia Northern Railway NKP - Nickel Plate Road PRR - Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Lines LLC

NS - Norfolk Southern NW - Norfolk and Western
Norfolk and Western
Railway SOU - Southern Railway TAG - Tennessee, Alabama and Georgia Railway VGN - Virginian Railway WAB - Wabash Railroad

Television commercials[edit] On September 3, 2007, NS launched a television ad featuring a family of gas cans trekking to meet a NS train, meant to underscore the railroad's role in reducing highway congestion. Shot in Virginia's Shenandoah Valley, it features the song "You Don't Need Me" written and performed for NS by Ravi Krishnaswami of New York and Steve Kolander of Atlanta.[37] On National Train Day in May 2013, NS premiered a new ad series, using music adapted from "Conjunction Junction" from ABC's School House Rock
School House Rock
series and showing an overhead view of Inman Rail Yard in Atlanta.[38][39] Awards and recognition[edit] From 1989 to 2012, NS won the Gold (first-place) E.H. Harriman Award in Group A (line-haul railroads whose employees worked 15 million employee-hours or more) every single year.[40] The award, which recognized the railroads with the lowest casualty rates per 200,000 employee-hours, was discontinued in 2012.[41] In January 2011, NS Chairman
Chairman
and CEO Wick Moorman was named Railroader of the Year by Railway Age
Railway Age
magazine.[42] See also[edit]

Trains portal Railways portal Companies portal

History of railroads in Michigan Southern Railway's Spencer Shops
Southern Railway's Spencer Shops
(now a museum in Salisbury, North Carolina) Largest domestic 53 foot container companies (fleet size) List of Norfolk Southern predecessor railroads Thoroughbred Shortline Program

Improvement projects[edit]

Crescent Corridor
Crescent Corridor
- Louisiana to New Jersey Heartland Corridor
Heartland Corridor
- Midwest to Norfolk

Cultural references[edit]

Pope Lick Monster John Henry (folklore)

Trade unions[edit]

International Association of Sheet Metal, Air, Rail and Transportation Workers (SMART-TD), former United Transportation Union Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers & Trainmen American Train Dispatchers Association Transportation Communications International Union

References[edit]

^ a b c d e f g h "NORFOLK SOUTHERN CORP 2013 Annual Report Form (10-K)" (XBRL). United States
United States
Securities and Exchange Commission. February 14, 2014.  ^ a b "NORFOLK SOUTHERN CORP 2014 Q1 Quarterly Report Form (10-Q)" (XBRL). United States
United States
Securities and Exchange Commission. April 23, 2014.  ^ AAR reporting marks article ^ "About NS". Norfolk Southern Corporation. Retrieved 5 January 2014.  ^ NSCorp: "System Overview map" ^ List of federally regulated railway operators ^ 2015 Annual Report. Norfolk, VA: Norfolk Southern Corp. 2016. p. K9.  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ "John P. Fishwick, Harrison 'Buzz' Price, Frank Ryan die". 2010-08-22. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2017-10-20.  ^ "Norfolk Southern Building Has Engraving Error", Richmond Times-Dispatch, July 12, 1982, Pg 12 ^ "A Line in Time". The NS Story. Norfolk Southern Corporation. Retrieved 5 January 2014.  ^ a b "Norfolk Southern merger family tree". Trains Magazine. Kalmbach Publishing Co. 2 June 2006. Retrieved 14 January 2009.  ^ "John P. Fishwick, Harrison 'Buzz' Price, Frank Ryan die". 2010-08-22. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2017-10-20.  ^ Norfolk Southern Corporation
Norfolk Southern Corporation
(May 10, 2013). "Norfolk Southern Names Six to Senior Management Positions" (Press release). Retrieved March 4, 2014.  ^ " Pan Am Railways
Pan Am Railways
and Norfolk Southern Create the Patriot Corridor to Improve Rail Service and Expand Capacity in New York and New England" (Press release). Norfolk Southern Corp. 2008-05-15. Retrieved 2008-05-15.  ^ Norfolk Southern Railway
Norfolk Southern Railway
and Pan Am Railways
Pan Am Railways
(2008-05-16). "Introducing the Patriot Corridor" (PDF). Norfolk Southern Corp. Retrieved 2008-05-16.  ^ "2 railroad freight companies combine effort". AP Business News. Worcester Telegram & Gazette. Associated Press. 2008-05-15. Retrieved 2008-05-16.  ^ "US Board Approves Joint Ownership of Pan Am Southern
Pan Am Southern
LLC". CNN Money. Retrieved 12 March 2016. [dead link] ^ Large Sign (Billboard) erected by NS at entrance to the yard "SPENCER YARD. ^ "Norfolk Southern Intermodal". Nscorp.com. Retrieved 2014-01-05.  ^ "Railroad accused of water pollution in SC wreck". The Times and Democrat. Associated Press. April 24, 2008. Retrieved 2013-02-07.  ^ Fretwell, Sammy (April 25, 2008). "Feds sue railroad in Graniteville disaster". The State. Archived from the original on 2008-04-26.  ^ "New limits on trains could help Macon's air" Archived 2008-04-11 at the Wayback Machine., Macon Telegraph, Macon.com. April 9, 2008. Accessed May 6, 2008. ^ "Batteries ARE included: Norfolk Southern unveils experimental electric locomotive Norfolk Southern – The Thoroughbred of Transportation Creating green jobs shipping freight by rail". Nscorp.com. 2009-09-28. Retrieved 2012-05-15.  ^ Borkowski (2008), p. 151. ^ "Norfolk Southern to debut heritage fleet - TRAINS Magazine". Trn.trains.com. 2012-03-26. Retrieved 2012-05-15.  ^ "Norfolk Southern celebrates colorful heritage with historic paint schemes Norfolk Southern – The Thoroughbred of Transportation Creating green jobs shipping freight by rail". Nscorp.com. 2012-03-01. Retrieved 2012-05-15.  ^ "NS Diesel Locomotive Roster - GE ES44AC
ES44AC
(ES-44AC) Nos. 8000-8115". Nsdash9.com. 2012-05-04. Retrieved 2012-05-15.  ^ "NS EMD SD70ACe
SD70ACe
Order Rolling Out in Heritage Schemes… Eastern Railroad News Online Magazine". Easternrailroadnews.com. 2012-05-09. Archived from the original on 2012-05-13. Retrieved 2012-05-15.  ^ a b "Norfolk Southern's Heritage Locomotives". Norfolk Southern. Archived from the original on July 28, 2017. Retrieved July 28, 2017.  ^ a b c Craft, John. "Locomotives Used on Southern Railway Steam Specials, NS Steam Specials, and operated on SR/N&W/NS 1964-1994" (PDF). HawkinsRails.net. Retrieved March 11, 2017.  ^ "Norfolk Southern plans to end nostalgic steam locomotive program". The Washington Post. October 29, 1994. Retrieved November 29, 2016.  ^ a b c d Wrinn (2000), pp. 102–105. ^ "NS Eyes Launch of Steam Excursion Program". Akron Railroad Club. Retrieved March 11, 2017.  ^ a b "The 21st Century Steam
21st Century Steam
Program: 2011-2015". American-Rails.com. Retrieved March 11, 2017.  ^ Claytor, Preston. "Fire Up 611". Archived from the original on February 25, 2013. Retrieved March 11, 2017.  ^ "2013 Form 10-K". Norfolk Southern Corp. Retrieved 5 January 2014.  ^ "Norfolk Southern – The Thoroughbred of Transportation Creating green jobs shipping freight by rail". Nscorp.com. Retrieved 2012-05-15.  ^ "Norfolk Southern - What's Your Function?". Retrieved 2013-06-08.  ^ Norfolk Southern to rock National Train Day Railroad rolls out trains, family fun, and a new twist on an old classic Norfolk Southern – The Thoroughbred of Transportation Creating green jobs shipping freight by rail. Nscorp.com (2013-05-09). Retrieved on 2013-07-23. ^ http://www.nscorp.com/nscportal/nscorp/Media/News%20Releases/2010/harriman.html ^ AAR names winners of E.H. Harriman, Harold F. Hammond safety awards (5/9/2012) ^ Vantuono, William C., "Wick Moorman Norfolk Southern produces champion", Railway Age, January 2011

Bibliography[edit]

Wrinn, Jim (2000). Steam's Camelot: Southern and Norfolk Southern Excursions in Color (1s ed.). TLC Publishing. ISBN 978-1883089566.  Borkowski, Richard (2008). Norfolk Southern Railway
Norfolk Southern Railway
(MBI Railroad Color History) (1st ed.). Voyageur Press. ISBN 978-0760332498. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Norfolk Southern Railway.

Official Norfolk Southern company website, including a system map Norfolk Southern system map Norfolk Southern News Norfolk Southern Photo Archive Norfolk Southern Locomotives

Business data for Norfolk Southern: Google Finance Yahoo! Finance Reuters SEC filings

Yahoo! - Norfolk Southern Corporation
Norfolk Southern Corporation
Company Profile

v t e

Class I railroads of North America

Current

United States

AMTK BNSF CP- D&H, SOO CSXT CN- GTC KCS NS UP

Canada

CN CP VIA

Mexico

FXE KCSM

Former (1956–present)

AA ACL AC&Y AGS ASAB AT&N AT&SF AUT A&WP B&AR B&M BN B&O CAR&NW CB&Q C&EI CG CGW C&IM CNJ CNO&TP C&NW C&O CPME CR CRR C&S CS CSPM&O CV C&W C&WC DL&W DM&IR D&RGW DSS&A DT&I D&TSL DW&P EJ&E EL ERIE FEC FW&D GA GB&W G&F GM&O GN GS&F GTW IC ICG ITC KO&G L&A L&HR LI L&M L&N L&NE LS&I LV MEC MGA MI MILW/CMStP&P MIS MKT MN&S MON MP M&STL NC&STL NH NKP/ NYC&StL NYS&W NO&NE NP NS N&W NWP NYC NYCN NYO&W PC P&LE P&N PRR PRSL P&WV RDG RF&P RUT QA&P RI/CRIP S&A SAL SBD SCL SD&AE SI SIRT SLSF SLSFTX SN SOU SP SP&S SSW TC TFM TM T&NO T&P TP&W VGN WA WAB WC WM WP

(pre–1956)

A AB&A AB&C AC A&D AE A&NM A&STL A&V BA&P BC&A B&G BRI BR&P B&S BSL&W C&A CA&C C&C CC&CS CCC&STL CD&C C&E C&G CH&D C&I CINN CI&S CI&W CL&N CM CM&PS CNE CNNE CNOR C&OIN CP&STL CPVT CRI&G CR&NW CRP CS CTH&SE CV&M CVRR DGH&M D&IR D&M DM&N DNW&P D&SL EI&TH EP&SW E&TH F&CC FJ&G FS&W FW&RG GC&SF GH&SA GM&N GR&I G&SI HE&WT H&TC HV ICRY IGN ISRR KCM&O KCM&OTX K&M LA&SL LA&T LE&W LH&STL LR&N LR&NTX LS&MS LW M&A MC MD&V M&I MKTTX MLR ML&T M&NA M&O MO&G MSC MSP&SSM MTR MV NAL NCRY NJ&NY NN NOGN NOM&C NOT&M NYP&N OCAA OE OR&L OSL OWRN PB&W PCC&STL PCO PE P&E PERK PM P&NT PRDG P&S P&SF PS&N QO&KC SA&AP SAU&G SB&NY SD&A SFP&P S&IE SIND SJ&GI SKTX SLB&M SLIM&S SOUMS SSWTX SUN T&BV T&FS T&N T&OC TSTL&W U&D UTAH VAND VS&P V&SW WF&NW WF&S WJ&S W&LE WPT WSN WV Y&MV

Timeline

1910–29 1930–76 1977–present

Railroads in italics meet the revenue specifications for Class I status, but are not technically Class I railroads due to being passenger-only railroads with no freight component.

v t e

Railways of Canada

Common freight carriers

APR BCRY BNSF BTR CBNS CMQ CEMR CFL CN CP CSXT CTRW EMRY ETL FLR GEXR GFR GSR GWRS HBRY HCRY IRRS KRC KFR KPR LMR MNRY MDW NBSR NS OBRY ONT OS OVR PAR QGRY QNSL QRC RCRR RLHH RS SCR SLQ SORA SRY SSS SVI TRR TR TRRY VIA WHRC

Private carriers

AMMC ARND BLRC CFRR CPNl GWWD QNSX TSH VAEX WABL WLRS

Class II and III Railways

v t e

Class II and class III railways of Canada

Current (operating) regional railways

AMT CMQ CSXT GOT HBRY KLR KRC NS ONT QNSX RMV TSH WCE WPY

Former or fallen flag regional railways

AC BCOL CDAC C&K C&PR CAR CAR (original) CASO CCR CER CGR CNoR CV CW&LER DAR E&NAR GTPR GTR H&SW HBR ICR/IRC K&P MEC MC MR MMA NR NTR NYC NS&T NAR N&PJ NRC NSR OA&PS O&QRR PC PEIR PSCR SLQ T&NR TT VR

Current (operating) short line railways

ANR APR APRE ARND ARM BRR BCRY BFDC BLRC CBNS CEMR CFC CFL SFG CFO CFQG CFRS CR CRM CTRW CWRL ENR ETR FSSR/EKRC GEXR GHRP GFR GJD PAR GWWD GWR HCRR HCRY HCWR HPHV IRRS KFR KHR KPR KVSR LWR L&PS MNRY NBSR OKAN OBRY OSR OVR OVO PDCR PCHR POM PSTR QGRY RLHH RLK RMRS S&HR SCR SLQ SOR SRCL SRY SSR SSS STCR STER SVI TRRY VAEX VDHR WABL WLRS WSJR/WCR WCRA WHRC WLRC YDHR

Former or fallen flag short line railways

ANY B&HER BCER BQ BW&NW BR CBC CFMG C&K C&SL CVR CVR CW&LER DH DVR DWP EIR G&LS GFCR GRNR GVR H&BIR H&DR H&NWR HER HG&BER HGR HIR HRE HSR H&SW IRM K&P K&S KLR KVR L&LER L&MSR LEN LB&PR MVRR M&MR/M&M MKNR MSRT NBEC N&NR N&NWR N&S NN&RW NGR NSR NSR NYR O&Q OCRR OLO O&RRR/ORRR PAD&WR/PADW QC QSR S&L SAR SOO STLH SW&AR TI T&MER T&SER TG&B TCR THB TNR TRC TS&MJR TSt.R TSR T&YRR WI WAR WCR WE&LSR WESR WG&B WTV&IR

See also: List of Canadian railways

v t e

Northeast Corridor
Northeast Corridor
services

Inter-city

Amtrak

Acela Express Northeast Regional New Haven–Springfield Shuttle Cardinal Carolinian Crescent Keystone Palmetto Pennsylvanian Silver Meteor Silver Star Vermonter

Commuter

MBTA

Providence/Stoughton Line

CDOT

Shore Line East

Metro-North

New Haven Line

NJ Transit

Northeast Corridor
Northeast Corridor
Line North Jersey Coast Line

SEPTA

Trenton Line Wilmington/Newark Line

MARC

Penn Line

Freight

Norfolk Southern Railway CSX
CSX
Transportation Providence and Worcester Railroad Conrail

v t e

Dow Jones Transportation Average
Dow Jones Transportation Average
components

Alaska Air Group American Airlines Group Avis Budget Group C. H. Robinson CSX Delta Air Lines Expeditors International FedEx J. B. Hunt JetBlue Airways Kansas City Southern Kirby Landstar System Matson Norfolk Southern Ryder Southwest Airlines Union Pacific United Continental Holdings United Pa

.