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Vedanta

Heterodox

Nivruttinath (c. 1273 – Unknown) was a 13th-century Marathi Bhakti saint, poet, philosopher and yogi of the Nath tradition. He was the elder brother and the teacher (guru) of Dnyaneshwar, the first Varkari saint.[1]

Family and early life

Nivruttinath was born in Apegaon village on the bank of Godavari river near Paithan in Maharashtra into a Deshastha Brahmin family during the reign of the Yadava King Ramadevarava.[2][3]

Nivruttinath was one of the four children, and the eldest son, of Vitthalapant, a kulkarni (hereditary accountant), and Rakhumabai.[4]

Vitthalapant and his wife gave up their lives, within a year of each other by jumping into the Ganges,[5] leaving two sons, Dnyaneshwar and Sopan, and a daughter, Muktabai,[6] to be taken care of by Nivruttinath.

Nath Tradition

At around the age of 10, Nivruttinath's family moved to Nashik. During a pilgrimage trip, Vitthalapant along with his family was confronted by a tiger. The family escaped while Nivruttinath got separated from the family. He hid in a cave on the Anjani mountain where he met Gahaninath, who initiated Nivruttinath into the wisdom of the Nath tradition.[5][7][8]

Dnyaneshwar as disciple

The siblings Muktabai, Sopan, Dnyaneshwar and Nivruttinath seated on the flying wall greet Changdev seated on a tiger. In the centre, Changdev bows to Dnyaneshwar.

The Natha Tradition is an initiatory Guru–shishya tradition.[citation needed] After the death of their parents, [7] Nivruttinath initiated Dnyaneshwar into the Nath tradition and become his teacher (Guru).[9]

Nivruttinath advised Dnyaneshwar to write an independent philosophical work. This work later came to be known as Amrutanubhav.[10][11][12]

Death and Resting Place

After the Samadhi of Dnyaneshwar, Nivruttinath left Alandi with his sister, Muktabai for a pilgrimage. During a thunderstorm, Muktabai was lost. Nivruttinath then attained Samadhi. The Resting place is situated near Trimbakeshwar. At his resting place, a temple has been erected which is visited by numerous devotees.

See also

References

  1. ^ Belsare, Kishori Devendra (983). Sant Nivruttinath _ a critical study. 
  2. ^ Bahirat 2006, p. 1.
  3. ^ Karhadkar, K. S. "Dnyaneshwar and Marathi Literature". Indian Literature. Sahitya Akademi. 19 (1): 90–95. doi:10.2307/24157251. Retrieved 12 August 2017. 
  4. ^ Attwood 1992, p. 333.
  5. ^ a b Bahirat 2006, p. 13.
  6. ^ Sundararajan & Mukerji 2003, p. 33.
  7. ^ a b Ranade 1933, p. 33.
  8. ^ "From Nivrutti to Nivruttinath". www.speakingtree.in. Retrieved 11 August 2017. 
  9. ^ Bahirat 2006, p. 6.
  10. ^ "THE WARKARI MOVEMENT I: Sant Dnyaneshwar – Beyond Brahmanical Tyranny". Retrieved 12 August 2017. 
  11. ^ Bahirat 2006, p. 14.
  12. ^ Ranade 1933, p. 34.

Bibliography