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Nisan
Nisan
(or Nissan; Hebrew: נִיסָן‎, Standard Nisan
Nisan
Tiberian Nîsān) on the Assyrian calendar is the first month, and on the Hebrew calendar
Hebrew calendar
is the first month of the ecclesiastical year and the seventh month (eighth, in leap year) of the civil year. The name of the month is of Assyrian-Babylonian origin; in the Torah
Torah
it is called the month of the Aviv. (e.g. Exodus 13:4 בְּחֹ֖דֶשׁ הָאָבִֽיב ḥōḏeš hā-’āḇîḇ) Assyrians today refer to the month as the "month of happiness." It is a spring month of 30 days. Nisan
Nisan
usually falls in March– April
April
on the Gregorian calendar. In the Book of Esther
Book of Esther
in the Tanakh
Tanakh
it is referred to as Nisan. Karaite Jews
Karaite Jews
interpret it as referring to the month in which barley was ripe.

Contents

1 Holidays and observances 2 In Jewish history and tradition 3 In the New Testament 4 Other uses 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

Holidays and observances[edit]

1 Nisan
Nisan
Kha b-Nisan
Kha b-Nisan
– the first day of the Assyrian New Year 10 Nisan
Nisan
– Yahrzeit of Miriam
Miriam
the prophetess, sister of Moses and Aaron[1] 10 Nisan
Nisan
Yom HaAliyah
Yom HaAliyah
– Aliyah Day, Israeli national holiday 14 Nisan
Nisan
Fast of the Firstborn
Fast of the Firstborn
– on 12 Nisan
Nisan
when the 14th falls on Sabbath 15–21 Nisan
Nisan
(22 Nisan
Nisan
outside of Israel) – Passover 23 Nisan
Nisan
Mimouna
Mimouna
Maghrebi
Maghrebi
Jewish celebration of the end of the Passover
Passover
prohibition on eating chametz, on 22 Nisan
Nisan
within Israel 26 Nisan
Nisan
– Traditional yahrzeit of Joshua[2] 27 Nisan
Nisan
Yom HaShoah
Yom HaShoah
– on 26 Nisan
Nisan
or 28 Nisan
Nisan
when the 27th falls on Friday or Sunday respectively, interfering with Shabbat

In Jewish history and tradition[edit] This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it.

1 Nisan
Nisan
(circa 3761 BCE) – Creation of the Universe according to Rabbi Joshua's opinion in the Talmud
Talmud
( Rosh Hashanah
Rosh Hashanah
10b-11a).. 1 Nisan
Nisan
(circa 1638 BCE) – Death of Abraham according to the Talmud 1 Nisan
Nisan
(circa 1533 BCE) – Death of Isaac
Isaac
according to the Talmud 1 Nisan
Nisan
(circa 1506 BCE) – Death of Jacob
Jacob
according to the Talmud 1 Nisan
Nisan
(circa 1456 BCE) – First mitzvah is given to the Jewish people (Exodus 12:1–2) 1 Nisan
Nisan
(circa 1455 BCE) – Mishkan
Mishkan
inaugurated; death of Nadav and Avihu[citation needed] 1 Nisan
Nisan
(1772 CE) – Birth of Rabbi Nachman of Breslov 1 Nisan
Nisan
(1892 CE) – Death of Rabbi Elimelech Szapira of Grodzhisk 2 Nisan
Nisan
(1920 CE) – Death of Rabbi Sholom DovBer Schneersohn ("Rashab"), the fifth Lubavitcher Rebbe. His last words are recorded as, "I'm going to heaven; I leave you the writings." 3 Nisan
Nisan
(1492 CE) – The Alhambra Decree
Alhambra Decree
orders the expulsion of Spanish Jews from Castile and Aragon
Aragon
(but not Navarre). 7 Nisan
Nisan
(circa 1416 BCE) – Joshua
Joshua
sends two spies to Jericho. 10 Nisan
Nisan
(circa 1417 BCE) – Death of Miriam, 39 years after the Exodus. 10 Nisan
Nisan
(circa 1416 BCE) – The Israelites cross the Jordan river into Canaan
Canaan
( Joshua
Joshua
4) 11 Nisan
Nisan
(1270 CE) – Death of Nachmanides 11 Nisan
Nisan
(1902 CE) – Birth of 7th Lubavitcher Rebbe, Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson 13 Nisan
Nisan
(circa 474 BCE) – Haman's decree to annihilate the Jews is passed. 13 Nisan
Nisan
(1575 CE) – Death of Rabbi Joseph Caro, author of the Shulchan Aruch. 13 Nisan
Nisan
(1866 CE) – Death of Tzemach Tzedek, the third Rebbe
Rebbe
of Chabad. 14 Nisan
Nisan
(1135 CE) – Birth of Maimonides 14 Nisan
Nisan
(1943 CE) – Warsaw Ghetto uprising
Warsaw Ghetto uprising
begins. The uprising would last until Iyar
Iyar
3, and is now commemorated in Israel on 27 Nisan. 15 Nisan
Nisan
(circa 1713 BCE) – Birth of Isaac 15 Nisan
Nisan
(circa 1456 BCE) – The Exodus
The Exodus
from Egypt 15 Nisan
Nisan
(474 BCE) – Esther
Esther
appears before Achashverosh
Achashverosh
unsummoned and invites him and Haman
Haman
to a feast to be held the same day. During the feast she requests that the king and Haman
Haman
attend a second feast the next day. 16 Nisan
Nisan
(circa 1273 BCE) – The Children of Israel
Children of Israel
stop eating Manna, six days after entering the Holy Land. 16 Nisan
Nisan
(circa 474 BCE) – Esther's second feast during which she accuses Haman
Haman
regarding his plot to annihilate her nation. Achashverosh
Achashverosh
orders his servants to hang Haman. 17 Nisan
Nisan
(circa 24th century BCE) – Noah's Ark came to rest on mountains of Ararat[3] 17 Nisan
Nisan
(circa 474 BCE) – Haman
Haman
hanged after Queen Esther's second drinking party. 21 Nisan
Nisan
(circa 1456 BCE) – The sea splits, allowing Israel to escape the Egyptian army. 26 Nisan
Nisan
(circa 1386 BCE) – Death of Joshua 28 Nisan
Nisan
(circa 1415 BCE) – Conquest of Jericho
Jericho
by Joshua
Joshua
(Book of Joshua
Joshua
ch. 6). 29 Nisan
Nisan
(1620 CE) – Death of Rabbi Chaim Vital, a Kabbalist
Kabbalist
and a disciple of Rabbi Isaac
Isaac
Luria. 29 Nisan
Nisan
(1699 CE) – In Bamberg, Germany during a commercial crisis in 1699, the populace rose up against the Jews, and one Jew saved himself by throwing prunes from a gable-window down upon the mob. That event, the 29th of Nisan, called "Zwetschgen-Ta'anit" (Prune-Fast), was commemorated by a fast and a Purim
Purim
festivity until the extermination of the Jewish community there.[4]

In the New Testament[edit]

9 Nisan
Nisan
Jesus
Jesus
was anointed at Bethany
Bethany
by Mary (John 12:1) 10 Nisan
Nisan
Jesus
Jesus
triumphantly entered Jerusalem (John 12:12)

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14 Nisan
Nisan
– After Jesus
Jesus
celebrated the Passover, Jesus
Jesus
was crucified (Leviticus 23:5 says Passover
Passover
is Nisan
Nisan
14) 16 Nisan
Nisan
– (Morning of the third day) Jesus
Jesus
rose from the dead (John 20:1,9)

Other uses[edit]

In the Akkadian of Akkad, Assyria
Assyria
and Babylonia
Babylonia
nisānu, which derives from Sumerian nisag "First fruits". "Nisan" is also the name for the month of April
April
in Arabic (Arabic: نيسان‎), a later Semitic language (see Arabic names of calendar months), in Kurdish and modern Turkish. In the story of Xenogears, "Nisan" is the name of a country, named after the Hebrew month.

See also[edit]

Quartodecimanism

References[edit]

^ Megillat Ta’anit, fast days; Targum Yonaton, Nu. 20:1.  ^ http://www.ou.org/judaism-101/bh-yom-yom/nissan/ ^ ( Nisan
Nisan
before Torah, Genesis 8:4, Exodus 12:1) ^ "Bamberg". Jewish Encyclopedia. Retrieved 30 April
April
2014. 

External links[edit]

Resources on the Month of Nisan Jewish Encyclopedia: Nisan Strong's Concordance: Nisan[permanent dead link] This Month in Jewish History

v t e

Jewish and Israeli holidays and observances

Jewish holidays
Jewish holidays
and observances

Shabbat

Shabbat

High Holy Days

Rosh Hashanah Fast of Gedalia Ten Days of Repentance Yom Kippur

Three Pilgrimage Festivals

Passover Fast of the Firstborn Pesach Sheni

Shavuot

Sukkot Hoshana Rabbah Shemini Atzeret Simchat Torah

Yom tov sheni shel galuyot Chol HaMoed Isru chag

Rosh Chodesh Hanukkah Tenth of Tevet Tu BiShvat Fast of Esther Purim Purim
Purim
Katan Counting of the Omer Lag BaOmer 17th of Tammuz The Three Weeks The Nine Days Tisha B'Av Tu B'Av Rosh Hashanah
Rosh Hashanah
LaBehema

Holidays / memorial days of the State of Israel

Yom HaAtzmaut (Independence Day) Yom HaZikaron
Yom HaZikaron
(Memorial Day) Yom HaShoah
Yom HaShoah
(Holocaust Remembrance Day) Yom Yerushalayim (Jerusalem Day) Yom HaAliyah
Yom HaAliyah
(Aliyah Day) Ben-Gurion Day Herzl Day Jabotinsky Day Rabin Day

Ethnic minority holidays

Mimouna Seharane Sigd

Hebrew calendar
Hebrew calendar
months

Tishrei Cheshvan Kislev Tevet Shevat Adar
Adar
and Adar
Adar
Sheni Nisan Iyar Sivan Tammuz Av Elul

Jewish and Israeli ho

.