The Info List - Ninette De Valois

Dame Ninette de Valois
Ninette de Valois
OM CH DBE (6 June 1898 – 8 March 2001) was an Anglo-Irish
dancer, teacher, choreographer, and director of classical ballet. She began life in Ireland
as Edris Stannus. Most notably, she danced professionally with Serge Diaghilev's Ballets Russes, later establishing the Royal Ballet, one of the foremost ballet companies of the 20th century and still one of the leading ballet companies in the world. She also established the Birmingham Royal Ballet
and the Royal Ballet
School. She is widely regarded as one of the most influential figures in the history of ballet and as the "godmother" of English and Irish ballet.[1][2][3]


1 Life 2 Vic-Wells Ballet 3 Turkish State Ballet 4 Choreography

4.1 Job (1931) 4.2 Other works

5 Honours and awards

5.1 Honours 5.2 Awards 5.3 Honoris causa degrees

6 Bibliography 7 See also 8 References 9 External links

Life[edit] Ninette de Valois
Ninette de Valois
was born as Edris Stannus on 6 June 1898 at Baltyboys House, an 18th-century manor house near the town of Blessington, County Wicklow, Ireland, then still part of the United Kingdom, the second daughter of Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Stannus DSO,[4] a British Army officer, by his marriage to Elizabeth Graydon Smith, a distinguished glassmaker known as "Lilith Stannus".[5][6] and in 1905 moved to England,[7] to live with her grandmother in Kent. The young Edris Stannus started attending ballet lessons in 1908, at the age of ten, and at the age of thirteen she began her professional training at the Lila Field Academy for Children. It was at this time that she changed her name to Ninette de Valois
Ninette de Valois
and made her professional debut as a principal dancer in pantomime at the Lyceum Theatre in the West End. In 1919, at the age of 21, she was appointed principal dancer of the Beecham Opera, which was then the resident opera company at the Royal Opera House. She continued to study ballet with notable teachers, including Edouard Espinosa, Enrico Cecchetti and Nicholas Legat.[7] In 1923, Valois joined the Ballets Russes, a renowned ballet company founded by the Russian impresario Sergei Diaghilev. She remained with the company for three years, being promoted to the rank of Soloist, and creating roles in some of the company's most famous ballets, including Les biches and Le Train Bleu.[7] During this time, she was also mentor to Alicia Markova
Alicia Markova
who was only a child at the time, but would eventually be recognised as a Prima Ballerina Assoluta
Prima Ballerina Assoluta
and one of the most famous English dancers of all time. Later in her life, Ninette de Valois
Ninette de Valois
claimed that everything she knew about how to run a ballet company she learned from working with Diaghilev.[3] After leaving the Ballets Russes, in 1927, Valois established the Academy of Choreographic Art, a dance school for girls in London[3] and the Abbey Theatre
Abbey Theatre
School of Ballet, Dublin.[8] In London, her ultimate goal was to form a repertory ballet company, with dancers drawn from the school and trained in a uniquely British style of ballet.[7] Students of the school were given professional stage experience performing in opera and plays staged at the Old Vic Theatre, with Valois choreographing several short ballets for the theatre. Lilian Baylis
Lilian Baylis
was the owner of the Old Vic at that time, and in 1928 she also acquired and refurbished the Sadler's Wells Theatre, with the intention of creating a sister theatre to the Old Vic. She employed Valois to stage full scale dance productions at both theatres and when the Sadler's Wells theatre re-opened in 1931, Valois moved her school into studios there, under the new name, the Sadler's Wells Ballet
School. A ballet company was also formed, known as the Vic-Wells Ballet. The Vic-Wells ballet company and school would be the predecessors of today's Royal Ballet, Birmingham Royal Ballet
Birmingham Royal Ballet
and Royal Ballet
School. From November 1927 to July 1933, Ninette de Valois
Ninette de Valois
was responsible for the setting up and the programming of the Abbey Theatre
Abbey Theatre
School of Ballet
in Dublin, at the request of W. B. Yeats, one of the founders of the Abbey Theatre. During these years she produced a number of ballets each year, mostly to her own choreography. She also worked with music especially commissioned from Irish contemporary composers such as Harold R. White's The Faun (April 1928),[9] Arthur Duff's The Drinking Horn and John F. Larchet's Bluebeard (both in July 1933).[10][11] In 1935, she married Dr Arthur Blackall Connell (1902 – 1987), an English surgeon. She was his second wife. The union was childless,[12] but Valois had two step-sons, including Dr David Blackall Connell (born 1930), [13] who, in 1955, married Susan Jean Carnegie, a daughter of John Carnegie, 12th Earl of Northesk; they had two sons and a daughter.[14] In April 1964 she was the subject of This Is Your Life, when she was surprised by Eamonn Andrews at the home of the dancer Frederick Ashton in London. She continued to make public appearances until her death in London
at the age of 102.[citation needed] Vic-Wells Ballet[edit]

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At its formation, the Vic-Wells ballet had only six female dancers, with Ninette de Valois
Ninette de Valois
herself working as lead dancer and choreographer. The company performed its first full ballet production on 5 May 1931 at the Old Vic, with Anton Dolin
Anton Dolin
as guest star. Its first performance at Sadler's Wells came a few days later, on 15 May 1931. As a result of the success of the ballet company, Valois hired new dancers and choreographers to work with the company. She retired from the stage herself in 1933, after Alicia Markova
Alicia Markova
joined the company and was appointed as Prima Ballerina. Under Ninette de Valois's direction, the ballet company flourished in the 1930s, becoming one of the first Western dance companies to perform the classical ballet repertoire made famous by the Imperial Russian Ballet. She also set about establishing a British repertory, engaging Frederick Ashton
Frederick Ashton
as Principal Choreographer and Constant Lambert as Musical Director in 1935.[3] She also choreographed a number of her own ballets, including her most notable works, Job (1931), The Rake's Progress (1935) and Checkmate (1937). Eventually the company included many of the most famous ballet dancers in the world, including Margot Fonteyn, Robert Helpmann, Moira Shearer, Beryl Grey, and Michael Somes. In 1949 the Sadler Wells Ballet
was a sensation when they toured the United States. Margot Fonteyn instantly became an international celebrity. In 1947, Valois established the first ballet school in Turkey. Formed as the ballet school of the Turkish State Opera and Ballet
in Istanbul, the school was later absorbed into and became the School of Music & Ballet
at Ankara State Conservatory, a department of the Hacettepe University.[15][16]

Ninette de Valois's house at 14 The Terrace, Barnes, facing the river, with English Heritage blue plaque, "Dame NINETTE DE VALOIS O.M. 1898-2001 Founder of the Royal Ballet
lived here 1962-1982"

Ninette de Valois
Ninette de Valois
was not one to rest on her laurels, though. She made sure that her company had a constant supply of talent, and in later years it had such stars as Svetlana Beriosova, Antoinette Sibley, Nadia Nerina, Lynn Seymour, and, most sensationally, Rudolf Nureyev.[citation needed] She also invited choreographers like Sir Kenneth MacMillan and George Balanchine
George Balanchine
to work with her company. She formally retired from the Royal Ballet
in 1963, but her presence continued to loom large in the company.[citation needed] Turkish State Ballet[edit] As with ballet in the British Isles, Ninette de Valois
Ninette de Valois
exerted a great deal of influence on the development of ballet in Turkey, which had no prior history with the art form. The Turkish Government invited her to research the possibility of establishing a ballet school in the country, and she subsequently visited the country in the 1940s, going on to open a school following the same model as her Sadler's Wells Ballet
School in London. Initially, very few people took the project seriously, but the school did become firmly established and led to the development of the Turkish State Ballet.[17] After training the first set of pupils at the new Turkish Ballet School, Valois subsequently produced a number of early performances by the state ballet company, permitting guest appearances by Royal Ballet dancers including Margot Fonteyn, Nadia Nerina, Anya Linden, Michael Somes and David Blair. She mounted productions of the traditional classical repertoire including Coppélia, Giselle, Don Quixote, Swan Lake and The Nutcracker, as well as the contemporary ballets Les Patineurs, Les Rendezvous and Prince of the Pagodas
Prince of the Pagodas
by Frederick Ashton, and her own ballets The Rake's Progress, Checkmate and Orpheus.[17] In 1965, Ninette de Valois
Ninette de Valois
produced and choreographed the first full-length work created for the new Turkish State Ballet. Titled Çeşmebaşı (At the Fountain), the ballet was the first to feature music composed by a Turkish Composer, Ferit Tuzun, and its choreography incorporated elements of Turkish folk dance. Further ballets followed, and the ballet company continued to develop. Today, ballet continues to be a thriving art form in Turkey, with the ballet school that Valois established now forming part of the State Conservatory for Music and Drama at the Ankara State Conservatory.[17] Choreography[edit]

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Ninette de Valois
Ninette de Valois
first established herself as a choreographer producing several short ballets for the Old Vic Theatre, London. She also provided choreography for plays and operas at the theatre, all of which were performed by her own pupils.[7] After forming the Vic-Wells ballet, her first major production, Job (1931), was the first ballet to define the future of the British ballet repertoire. Later employing Frederick Ashton
Frederick Ashton
as the company's first Principal Choreographer in 1935,[7] they collaborated to produce a series of signature ballets, which are recognised as cornerstones of British ballet. These included her other famous works, The Rake's Progress (1935) and Checkmate (1937).[7] Job (1931)[edit] Main article: Job (ballet) The oldest ballet in the Royal Ballet
repertoire, Job is regarded as a crucial work in the development of British ballet and was the first ballet to be produced by an entirely British creative team.[18] The ballet was produced and choreographed by Valois, with a commissioned score entitled Job, a Masque for Dancing, written by Ralph Vaughan Williams, with orchestrations by Constant Lambert
Constant Lambert
and designs by Gwendolen Raverat. The libretto for the ballet was written by Geoffrey Keynes and is based on William Blake's engraved edition of the Book of Job from the Hebrew Bible.[19] Consisting of eight scenes, the ballet is inspired by Blake's engravings and so de Valois choreographed the ballet using predominantly mimed actions to create a simple decorative effect.[20] Despite the choreography of the ballet being described as 'uneven', Job features a number of well known dances, which continue to be performed regularly. The most recognised extracts are Satan's Dance, an acrobatic solo for a male dancer, the dance of Job's comforters, and the satirical expressionist dances representing War, Pestilence and Famine.[21] Job had its world premiere on 5 July 1931, and was performed for members of the Camargo Society at the Cambridge Theatre, London. The first public performance of the ballet took place on 22 September 1931 at the Old Vic Theatre.[19] Other works[edit] Ninette de Valois' other works include:

Bar aux Folies-Bergère (1934), for The Ballet
Club The Rake's Progress (1935) As You Like It (1936) Checkmate (1937) Every Goose Can The Gods Go A-Begging Barabau The Prospect Before Us (1940) Keloğlan (1950) At the Fountain Head (1963) Çeşmebaşı (1965), for the Turkish State Opera and Ballet Sinfonietta (1966)

Honours and awards[edit] Honours[edit] Ninette de Valois
Ninette de Valois
was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) on 1 January 1947[α] and was promoted Dame Commander (DBE) on 1 January 1951.[β] She became a Member of the Order of the Companions of Honour (CH) on 31 December 1981[γ] and was honoured by HM The Queen with the Order of Merit
Order of Merit
(OM) on 2 January 1992.[δ] She was appointed Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur
Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur
on 1 May 1950[ε] and received the Order of Merit
Order of Merit
of the Republic of Turkey
on 2 January 1998.[ζ] Awards[edit]

Ninette de Valois
Ninette de Valois
to receive the Erasmus Prize
Erasmus Prize

Ninette de Valois
Ninette de Valois
received the Bronze award presented for services to Ballet
from the Irish Catholic Stage Guild in 1949.[η] She was the first recipient of the Royal Academy of Dance
Royal Academy of Dance
Queen Elizabeth II Coronation Award in 1953–1954.[θ] She was made Honorary Fellow of the Royal Academy of Dance
Royal Academy of Dance
on 19 July 1963[ι] and of the Imperial Society of Teachers of Dancing on 8 March 1964[κ] In 1964 she received the Royal Society of Arts
Royal Society of Arts
Albert Medal[λ] and in 1974, the Praemium Erasmianum Foundation
Praemium Erasmianum Foundation
Erasmus Prize.[μ] The Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal was awarded on 7 June 1977[ν] and the Royal Opera House Long Service medal in 1979.[ξ] She received the Critics' Circle Award for Distinguished Service to the Arts in 1989[ο] and the Society of London
Theatre Laurence Olivier Award Special
Award in 1992.[π] In the United States, she received the Dance Theatre of Harlem Emergence Award on 27 July 1981.[ρ] Honoris causa degrees[edit] Ninette de Valois
Ninette de Valois
received Doctor of Music (DMus) degrees from the University of London
in 1947, the University of Sheffield
University of Sheffield
on 29 June 1955,[σ] Trinity College, Dublin
Trinity College, Dublin
in 1957 and Durham University
Durham University
in 1982. She received DLitt from the University of Reading
University of Reading
in 1951, the University of Oxford
University of Oxford
in 1955 and the University of Ulster
University of Ulster
in 1979. In 1958 she received an LLD from the University of Aberdeen
University of Aberdeen
and on 5 July 1975 Doctor of Letters from the University of Sussex.[τ] Bibliography[edit]

Valois, Ninette de (1937). Invitation to the Ballet. London: Bodley Head. OCLC 59460167.  Valois, Ninette de (1957). Come Dance with Me; A Memoir, 1898-1956. London: H. Hamilton. OCLC 4063947. . Reprint: Dublin: Lilliput Press, 1992, ISBN 0-946640-62-9. Valois, Ninette de (1977). Step by Step: The Formation of an Establishment. London: W. H. Allen. ISBN 0-491-01598-4. 

See also[edit]

Category:Ballets by Ninette de Valois List of people on stamps of Ireland Women in dance


^ Segal, Lewis. "Dame Ninette de Valois; Influential Founder of Britain's Royal Ballet". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 12 August 2010.  ^ "The first wave of classical ballet in Australia". cultureandrecreation.gov.au. 4 April 2009. Archived from the original on 20 November 2010. Retrieved 31 July 2010.  ^ a b c d Walsh, John (6 June 1998). "Interview: Dame Ninette de Valois: Doyenne of the dance". The Independent. London, UK. Retrieved 31 July 2010.  ^ thepeerage.com ^ "Irishwoman who became the mother of British ballet". irishtimes.com. 19 March 2001. Retrieved 5 August 2010.  ^ Kennedy, Maev (9 March 2001). "Royal Ballet
founder dies at 102". guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 4 August 2010.  ^ a b c d e f g Biography. ^ Victoria O'Brien: A History of Irish Ballet
from 1927-1963, Bern: Peter Lang, 2011, ISBN 978-3-03911-873-1, pp. 7-39 ^ See O'Brien (2011), p. 18 ^ See O'Brien (2011), p. 31 ^ See also http://www.abbeytheatremusic.ie ^ Staff (8 March 2001). "Royal Ballet
founder dies". BBC News. Retrieved 16 February 2009.  ^ Kelly's Handbook to the Titled, Landed and Official Classes, vol. 95, p. 503 ^ Burke's Peerage 2003, vol. 2, pp. 2, 936 ^ "Come Dance With Me — A Memoir". Product details. Dublin: Lilliput Press. Archived from the original on 3 November 2010. Retrieved 6 August 2010. De Valois (1957).  ^ " Hacettepe University
Hacettepe University
website". google.co.uk (translation). Retrieved 6 August 2010.  ^ a b c "50 Years of Turkish Ballet". Turkish Cultural Foundation. Retrieved 7 August 2010.  ^ Ries, Frank W.D. (1984). "Sir Geoffrey Keynes
Geoffrey Keynes
and the Ballet
Job". Dance Research. 2 (1): 19–34. ISSN 0264-2875. JSTOR 1290777.  (subscription required) ^ a b "Job". Collections Online: Performance Database. Royal Opera House. Retrieved 5 August 2010.  ^ "The Camargo Society". streetfighterblog.net. 2009. Archived from the original on 19 April 2011. Retrieved 5 August 2010.  ^ "Dame Ninette de Valois
Ninette de Valois
OM". telegraph.co.uk. 9 March 2001. Retrieved 5 August 2010. 

From the Royal Opera House

" Ninette de Valois
Ninette de Valois
Bequest and Papers". Royal Opera House
Royal Opera House
Collections Online. rohcollections.org.uk. Retrieved 31 July 2010. Biography on main page, digitised items from the collection on subpages. 

^ "Ninette de Valois, CBE". De Valois Bequest.  ^ "Ninette de Valois, DBE". De Valois Bequest.  ^ "Ninette de Valois, CH". De Valois Bequest.  ^ "Order of Merit". De Valois Bequest.  ^ "Légion d'Honneur". De Valois Bequest.  ^ "Turkish Honour of Merit". De Valois Bequest.  ^ "For Services to Ballet". De Valois Bequest.  ^ "RAD Coronation Award". De Valois Bequest.  ^ "Ninette de Valois, FRAD". De Valois Bequest.  ^ "Ninette de Valois, FISTD". De Valois Bequest.  ^ "Albert Medal". De Valois Bequest.  ^ "Erasmus Prize". De Valois Bequest.  ^ "Silver Jubilee Medal". De Valois Bequest.  ^ "ROH Long Service Medal". De Valois Bequest.  ^ "Critics' Circle Award". De Valois Bequest.  ^ " Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
Award". De Valois Bequest.  ^ "Emergence Award". De Valois Bequest.  ^ "Doctor of Music, Sheffield". De Valois Bequest.  ^ "Doctor of Letters, Sussex". De Valois Bequest. 

External links[edit]

Profile, pcah.us London
Circle website, londonballetcircle.co.uk Ninette de Valois
Ninette de Valois
on IMDb Profile, ballerinagallery.com Ninette de Valois
Ninette de Valois
profile; archived 1 November 2009 Ninette de Valois
Ninette de Valois
profile, peopleplayuk.org.uk Dame Ninette de Valois
Ninette de Valois
obituary, The Independent Ninette de Valois, Royal Ballet
Founder, Dies at 102, nytimes.com Biography: Ninette de Valois, answers.com Kathrine Sorley Walker, "The Festival and the Abbey: Ninette de Valois' Early Choreography, 1925-1934, Part One", Dance Chronicle, Vol. 7, No. 4 (1984 - 1985), pp. 379-412 Ninette de Valois
Ninette de Valois
profile, Ricorso.net "Call Her 'Madame'", encyclopedia.com Dame Ninette de Valois' appearance on This Is Your Life, bigredbook.info

v t e

Society of London
Theatre Special

Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1979) Ralph Richardson
Ralph Richardson
(1980) Charles Wintour (1982) Joan Littlewood
Joan Littlewood
(1983) John Gielgud
John Gielgud
(1985) Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1988) Peggy Ashcroft
Peggy Ashcroft
(1991) Ninette de Valois
Ninette de Valois
(1992) Kenneth MacMillan (1993) Sam Wanamaker
Sam Wanamaker
(1994) Harold Pinter
Harold Pinter
(1996) Margaret Harris (1997) Ed Mirvish
Ed Mirvish
/ David Mirvish (1998) Peter Hall (1999) Rupert Rhymes (2002) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(2003) Judi Dench
Judi Dench
(2004) Alan Bennett
Alan Bennett
(2005) Ian McKellen
Ian McKellen
(2006) John Tomlinson (2007) Andrew Lloyd Webber
Andrew Lloyd Webber
(2008) Alan Ayckbourn
Alan Ayckbourn
(2009) Maggie Smith
Maggie Smith
(2010) Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(2011) Monica Mason
Monica Mason
/ Tim Rice
Tim Rice
(2012) Michael Frayn / Gillian Lynne
Gillian Lynne
(2013) Nicholas Hytner & Nick Starr / Michael White (2014) Sylvie Guillem
Sylvie Guillem
/ Kevin Spacey
Kevin Spacey
(2015) Kenneth Branagh
Kenneth Branagh

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 46889857 LCCN: n79021619 ISNI: 0000 0001 0896 2448 GND: 120237598 SELIBR: 244416 SUDOC: 030697433 BNF: cb13622861x (data) SN