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New Rome
Rome
(Greek: Νέα Ῥώμη, Nea Romē; Latin: Nova Roma) was a name given by the Roman Emperor
Roman Emperor
Constantine the Great in 330 AD to his new imperial capital at the city on the European coast of the Bosphorus
Bosphorus
strait, also known as Byzantium
Byzantium
until then, and as Constantinople. The city is now known as Istanbul. Constantine essentially rebuilt the city on a monumental scale, partly modelled after Rome. Names of this period included ἡ Νέα, δευτέρα Ῥώμη, "the New, second Rome";[1] Alma Roma, Ἄλμα Ῥώμα; Βυζαντιάς Ῥώμη, "Byzantine Rome"; ἑῴα Ῥώμη, "Eastern Rome"; and Roma Constantinopolitana.[2]:354 The term New Rome
Rome
lent itself to East–West polemics, especially in the context of the Great Schism, when it was used by the Eastern Orthodox Greek writers to stress the rivalry with the Western Catholic Rome. New Rome
Rome
is still part of the official title of the Patriarch of Constantinople–New Rome.[3] See also[edit]

Names of Istanbul

References[edit]

^ The 5th-century church historian Socrates of Constantinople
Constantinople
writes in his Historia Ecclesiastica, 1:16 (c. 439) that the emperor named the city "Constantinople" while decreeing that it be designated a "second Rome" (‘Κωνσταντινούπολιν’ μετονομάσας, χρηματίζειν ‘δευτέραν Ῥώμην’ νόμῳ ἐκύρωσεν). ^ Georgacas, Demetrius John (1947). "The Names of Constantinople". Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association. The Johns Hopkins University Press. 78: 347–67. doi:10.2307/283503. JSTOR 283503.  ^ Bartholomew, Archbishop of Constantinople, New Rome
Rome
and Ecumenical Patriarch

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