Rome (Greek: Νέα Ῥώμη, Nea Romē; Latin: Nova Roma) was a
name given by the
Roman Emperor Constantine the Great in 330 AD to his
new imperial capital at the city on the European coast of the
Bosphorus strait, also known as
Byzantium until then, and as
Constantinople. The city is now known as Istanbul.
Constantine essentially rebuilt the city on a monumental scale, partly
modelled after Rome. Names of this period included ἡ Νέα,
δευτέρα Ῥώμη, "the New, second Rome"; Alma Roma,
Ἄλμα Ῥώμα; Βυζαντιάς Ῥώμη, "Byzantine Rome";
ἑῴα Ῥώμη, "Eastern Rome"; and Roma
The term New
Rome lent itself to East–West polemics, especially in
the context of the Great Schism, when it was used by the Eastern
Orthodox Greek writers to stress the rivalry with the Western Catholic
Rome is still part of the official title of the Patriarch of
Names of Istanbul
^ The 5th-century church historian Socrates of
in his Historia Ecclesiastica, 1:16 (c. 439) that the emperor named
the city "Constantinople" while decreeing that it be designated a
"second Rome" (‘Κωνσταντινούπολιν’
μετονομάσας, χρηματίζειν ‘δευτέραν
Ῥώμην’ νόμῳ ἐκύρωσεν).
^ Georgacas, Demetrius John (1947). "The Names of Constantinople".
Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association.
The Johns Hopkins University Press. 78: 347–67. doi:10.2307/283503.
^ Bartholomew, Archbishop of Constantinople, New
Rome and Ecumenical
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