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1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Nevers
Nevers
(French pronunciation: ​[nəˈvɛʁ]; Latin: Noviodunum, later Nevirnum and Nebirnum) is the prefecture of the Nièvre department in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
region in central France. It was the principal city of the former province of Nivernais. It is 260 km (160 mi) south-southeast of Paris.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography 3 Climate 4 Main sights 5 Economy

5.1 Transport

6 Population 7 Personalities 8 Culture 9 International relations

9.1 Twin towns – Sister cities

10 See also 11 Notes 12 References 13 External links

History[edit] Nevers
Nevers
first enters written history as Noviodunum, a town held by the Aedui
Aedui
at Roman contact. The quantities of medals and other Roman antiquities found on the site indicate the importance of the place, and in 52 BCE, Julius Caesar
Julius Caesar
made Noviodunum, which he describes as in a convenient position on the banks of the Loire, a depot (B. G. vii. 55). There he had his hostages, corn, his military chest, with the money in it allowed him from home for the war, his own and his army's baggage and a great number of horses which had been bought for him in Spain
Spain
and Italy. After his failure before Gergovia, the Aedui
Aedui
at Noviodunum massacred those who were there to look after stores, the negotiators, and the travelers who were in the place. They divided the money and the horses among themselves, carried off in boats all the corn that they could, and burned the rest or threw it into the river. Thinking they could not hold the town, they burned it. This was a great loss to Caesar; and it may seem that he was imprudent in leaving such great stores in the power of treacherous allies. But he was in straits during this year, and probably he could not have done other than he did. Dio Cassius (xl. 38) tells the story of Caesar out of the affair of Noviodunum. He states incorrectly what Caesar did on the occasion, and he shows that he neither understood his original nor knew what he was writing about. The city was later called Nevirnum, as the name appears in the Antonine Itinerary. In the Tabula Peutingeriana, it is corrupted into Ebrinum. In still other sources the name appears as Nebirnum. It became the seat of a bishopric at the end of the 5th century. The county dates at least from the beginning of the 10th century. The citizens of Nevers
Nevers
obtained charters in 1194 and in 1231. For a short time in the 14th century the town was the seat of a university, transferred from Orléans, to which it was restored. Geography[edit] Nevers
Nevers
is situated on the slope of a hill on the right bank of the Loire River. Climate[edit]

Climate data for Nevers
Nevers
(1981–2010 averages)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 17.2 (63) 23.5 (74.3) 26.7 (80.1) 30.0 (86) 31.0 (87.8) 37.5 (99.5) 38.7 (101.7) 39.2 (102.6) 35.1 (95.2) 30.2 (86.4) 23.5 (74.3) 19.5 (67.1) 39.2 (102.6)

Average high °C (°F) 6.7 (44.1) 8.3 (46.9) 12.4 (54.3) 15.4 (59.7) 19.4 (66.9) 22.8 (73) 25.5 (77.9) 25.2 (77.4) 21.4 (70.5) 16.7 (62.1) 10.5 (50.9) 7.1 (44.8) 16.0 (60.8)

Average low °C (°F) 0.2 (32.4) −0.1 (31.8) 1.8 (35.2) 3.9 (39) 7.9 (46.2) 10.9 (51.6) 12.8 (55) 12.3 (54.1) 9.1 (48.4) 7.0 (44.6) 2.8 (37) 0.8 (33.4) 5.8 (42.4)

Record low °C (°F) −25 (−13) −21.8 (−7.2) −13.8 (7.2) −7.5 (18.5) −4.8 (23.4) 0.2 (32.4) 3.4 (38.1) 0.3 (32.5) −1.2 (29.8) −8.9 (16) −12.3 (9.9) −16.8 (1.8) −21.8 (−7.2)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 62.0 (2.441) 57.8 (2.276) 54.3 (2.138) 68.7 (2.705) 80.1 (3.154) 70.1 (2.76) 61.8 (2.433) 60.9 (2.398) 67.5 (2.657) 77.6 (3.055) 70.1 (2.76) 73.2 (2.882) 804.1 (31.657)

Average precipitation days 12.0 10.0 10.3 10.7 11.5 8.8 8.3 8.3 8.4 11.0 11.6 11.7 122.7

Average relative humidity (%) 87 82 78 74 77 76 74 77 80 85 87 87 80.3

Mean monthly sunshine hours 65.5 85.6 147.7 170.3 197.9 223.2 235.0 227.5 180.0 121.0 65.4 54.9 1,774

Source #1: Météo France[1][2]

Source #2: Infoclimat.fr (humidity, 1961–1990)[3]

Main sights[edit]

The Ducal Palace of Nevers, in France.

The incorrupt body of Saint Bernadette, seer of Our Lady of Lourdes apparitions.

Narrow winding streets lead from the quay through the town where there are numerous old houses dating from the 14th to the 17th century. Among the ecclesiastical buildings the most important is the Cathédrale of Saint Cyr-Sainte Julitte, dedicated to Saint Quiricus and Saint Julietta, which is a combination of two buildings, and possesses two apses. The apse and transept at the west end are the remains of a Romanesque church, while the nave and eastern apse are in the Gothic style and belong to the 14th century. There is no transept at the eastern end. The lateral portal on the south side belongs to the late 15th century; the massive and elaborately decorated tower which rises beside it to the early 16th century. The church of Saint Etienne is a specimen of the Romanesque style of Auvergne of which the disposition of the apse with its three radiating chapels is characteristic. It was consecrated at the close of the 9th century, and belonged to a priory affiliated to Cluny. The Ducal Palace (now occupied by the courts of justice and an important ceramic museum) was built in the 15th and 16th centuries and is one of the principal feudal edifices in central France. The façade is flanked at each end by a turret and a round tower. A middle tower containing the great staircase has its windows adorned by sculptures relating to the history of the House of La Marck
House of La Marck
by the members of which the greater part of the palace was built. Behind the palace lies an open space with a fine view over the valley of the Loire. The Porte du Croux, a square tower, with corner turrets, dating from the end of the 14th century, is among the remnants of the old fortifications; it now contains a collection of sculptures and Roman antiquities. A triumphal arch from the 18th century, commemorating the victory of Fontenoy and the hotel de ville, a modern building which contains the library, are of some interest. The Loire is crossed by a modern stone bridge, and by an iron railway bridge. At the Chapel of Saint Bernadette at the mother house of the Sisters of Charity of Nevers, it is possible to view the incorrupt body of Bernadette Soubirous
Bernadette Soubirous
(Saint Bernadette, seer of Our Lady of Lourdes apparitions) which are presented in a gold and crystal reliquary. Economy[edit] Nevers
Nevers
is the seat of a bishopric, of tribunals of first instance and of commerce and of a court of assizes and has a chamber of commerce and a branch of the Bank of France. Its educational institutions include several lycées, a training college for female teachers, ecclesiastical seminaries, a school of art of the automotive engineering college Institut supérieur de l'automobile et des transports. The town manufactures porcelain, agricultural implements, chemical manures, glue, boilers and iron goods, boots and shoes and fur garments, and has distilleries, tanneries and dye works. Its trade is in iron and steel, wood, wine, grain, livestock, etc. hydraulic lime, kaolin and clay for the manufacture of faience are worked in the vicinity. Transport[edit] The Gare de Nevers
Gare de Nevers
railway station offers connections to Paris, Dijon, Lyon, Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand
and several regional destinations. The A77 motorway connects Nevers
Nevers
with Paris. Population[edit]

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1793 11,846 —    

1806 12,077 +2.0%

1821 12,280 +1.7%

1831 15,085 +22.8%

1841 15,007 −0.5%

1851 17,045 +13.6%

1861 18,971 +11.3%

1872 22,276 +17.4%

1881 23,846 +7.0%

1891 26,436 +10.9%

1901 27,673 +4.7%

1911 27,706 +0.1%

1921 29,754 +7.4%

1931 31,879 +7.1%

1946 34,036 +6.8%

1954 35,183 +3.4%

1962 39,085 +11.1%

1968 42,422 +8.5%

1975 45,480 +7.2%

1982 43,013 −5.4%

1990 41,968 −2.4%

1999 40,932 −2.5%

2008 37,556 −8.2%

2013 34,841 −7.2%

Personalities[edit]

Marie Louise Gonzaga, Queen of Poland, born in Nevers
Nevers
in 1611 Marie Casimire Louise de La Grange d'Arquien, Queen of Poland, born in Nevers
Nevers
in 1641 Pierre Gaspard Chaumette, revolutionary, born in Nevers
Nevers
in 1763 Bernadette Soubirous, better known as Saint Bernadette of Lourdes, died in Nevers
Nevers
in 1879 (aged 35). Anne Boutiaut, born in Nevers
Nevers
in 1851 and later known as La Mère Poulard in Mont St-Michel. Michel Vieuchange, Saharan explorer, adventurer and writer, born in Nevers
Nevers
in 1904, where there is a street named after him Jean Vieuchange, editor of Michel Vieuchange's travel notebooks, born in Nevers
Nevers
in 1906 Pierre Bérégovoy, former Prime Minister of France, committed suicide in 1993 in Nevers Parfait Mandanda, footballer, born in Nevers
Nevers
in 1989

Culture[edit]

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Nevers
Nevers
has been known for several centuries for its faience. The Formula One circuit of Magny-Cours
Magny-Cours
is located near Nevers. The anonymous French woman (played by Emmanuelle Riva) who is the main character in the film Hiroshima mon amour
Hiroshima mon amour
by Alain Resnais is from Nevers, and the film features many flashbacks to her youth there during World War II. In the final scene of the film, her Japanese lover tells her "You are Nevers". There is a lot of play on the English translation of the town's name throughout the film, with dialogue such as "Nevers? Jamais!" ("Nevers? Never!") Nevers
Nevers
is also the setting of most of the second half of Éric Rohmer's 1992 film, Conte d'Hiver. International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in France Twin towns – Sister cities[edit] Nevers
Nevers
is twinned with:

Koblenz, Germany Erzsébetváros, Budapest, Hungary Mantua, Italy Marbella, Spain St Albans, United Kingdom

Lund, Sweden Stavroupoli Thessaloniki, Greece Asmara, Eritrea Siedlce, Poland Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia

Curtea de Argeș, Romania Taizhou, China Charleville-Mézières, France Hammamet, Tunisia Neubrandenburg, Germany

See also[edit]

Wine barrels Communes of the Nièvre
Nièvre
department

Notes[edit]

^ "Données climatiques de la station de Nevers" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved December 30, 2015.  ^ "Climat Bourgogne" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved December 30, 2015.  ^ "Normes et records 1961-1990: Nevers- Marzy
Marzy
(58) - altitude 175m" (in French). Infoclimat. Retrieved December 30, 2015. 

References[edit]

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Smith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Noviodunum". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.   This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Nevers". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nevers.

Official website  "Nevers". The American Cyclopædia. 1879.   "Nevers". New International Encyclopedia. 1905.  Nevers
Nevers
page on the site Bourgogne Romane

v t e

Prefectures of departments of France

Bourg-en-Bresse
Bourg-en-Bresse
(Ain) Laon
Laon
(Aisne) Moulins (Allier) Digne-les-Bains
Digne-les-Bains
(Alpes-de-Haute-Provence) Gap (Hautes-Alpes) Nice
Nice
(Alpes-Maritimes) Privas
Privas
(Ardèche) Charleville-Mézières
Charleville-Mézières
(Ardennes) Foix
Foix
(Ariège) Troyes
Troyes
(Aube) Carcassonne
Carcassonne
(Aude) Rodez
Rodez
(Aveyron) Marseille
Marseille
(Bouches-du-Rhône) Caen
Caen
(Calvados) Aurillac
Aurillac
(Cantal) Angoulême
Angoulême
(Charente) La Rochelle
La Rochelle
(Charente-Maritime) Bourges
Bourges
(Cher) Tulle
Tulle
(Corrèze) Ajaccio
Ajaccio
(Corse-du-Sud) Bastia
Bastia
(Haute-Corse) Dijon
Dijon
(Côte-d'Or) Saint-Brieuc
Saint-Brieuc
(Côtes-d'Armor) Guéret
Guéret
(Creuse) Périgueux
Périgueux
(Dordogne) Besançon
Besançon
(Doubs) Valence (Drôme) Évreux
Évreux
(Eure) Chartres
Chartres
(Eure-et-Loir) Quimper
Quimper
(Finistère) Nîmes
Nîmes
(Gard) Toulouse
Toulouse
(Haute-Garonne) Auch
Auch
(Gers) Bordeaux
Bordeaux
(Gironde) Montpellier
Montpellier
(Hérault) Rennes
Rennes
(Ille-et-Vilaine) Châteauroux
Châteauroux
(Indre) Tours
Tours
(Indre-et-Loire) Grenoble
Grenoble
(Isère) Lons-le-Saunier
Lons-le-Saunier
(Jura) Mont-de-Marsan
Mont-de-Marsan
(Landes) Blois
Blois
(Loir-et-Cher) Saint-Étienne
Saint-Étienne
(Loire) Le Puy-en-Velay
Le Puy-en-Velay
(Haute-Loire) Nantes
Nantes
(Loire-Atlantique) Orléans
Orléans
(Loiret) Cahors
Cahors
(Lot) Agen
Agen
(Lot-et-Garonne) Mende (Lozère) Angers
Angers
(Maine-et-Loire) Saint-Lô
Saint-Lô
(Manche) Châlons-en-Champagne
Châlons-en-Champagne
(Marne) Chaumont (Haute-Marne) Laval (Mayenne) Nancy (Meurthe-et-Moselle) Bar-le-Duc
Bar-le-Duc
(Meuse) Vannes
Vannes
(Morbihan) Metz
Metz
(Moselle) Nevers
Nevers
(Nièvre) Lille
Lille
(Nord) Beauvais
Beauvais
(Oise) Alençon
Alençon
(Orne) Arras
Arras
(Pas-de-Calais) Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand
(Puy-de-Dôme) Pau (Pyrénées-Atlantiques) Tarbes
Tarbes
(Hautes-Pyrénées) Perpignan
Perpignan
(Pyrénées-Orientales) Strasbourg
Strasbourg
(Bas-Rhin) Colmar
Colmar
(Haut-Rhin) Lyon
Lyon
(Rhône) Vesoul
Vesoul
(Haute-Saône) Mâcon
Mâcon
(Saône-et-Loire) Le Mans
Le Mans
(Sarthe) Chambéry
Chambéry
(Savoie) Annecy
Annecy
(Haute-Savoie) Paris
Paris
(Paris) Rouen
Rouen
(Seine-Maritime) Melun
Melun
(Seine-et-Marne) Versailles (Yvelines) Niort
Niort
(Deux-Sèvres) Amiens
Amiens
(Somme) Albi
Albi
(Tarn) Montauban
Montauban
(Tarn-et-Garonne) Toulon
Toulon
(Var) Avignon
Avignon
(Vaucluse) La Roche-sur-Yon
La Roche-sur-Yon
(Vendée) Poitiers
Poitiers
(Vienne) Limoges
Limoges
(Haute-Vienne) Épinal
Épinal
(Vosges) Auxerre
Auxerre
(Yonne) Belfort
Belfort
(Territoire de Belfort) Évry (Essonne) Nanterre
Nanterre
(Hauts-de-Seine) Bobigny
Bobigny
(Seine-Saint-Denis) Créteil
Créteil
(Val-de-Marne) Cergy, Pontoise
Pontoise
(Val-d'Oise)

Overseas departments

Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
(Guadeloupe) Fort-de- France
France
(Martinique) Cayenne
Cayenne
(French Guiana) Saint-Denis (Réunion) Mamoudzou
Mamoudzou
(Mayotte)

v t e

Communes of the Nièvre
Nièvre
department

Achun Alligny-Cosne Alligny-en-Morvan Alluy Amazy Anlezy Annay Anthien Arbourse Arleuf Armes Arquian Arthel Arzembouy Asnan Asnois Aunay-en-Bazois Authiou Avrée Avril-sur-Loire Azy-le-Vif Bazoches Bazolles Béard Beaulieu Beaumont-la-Ferrière Beaumont-Sardolles Beuvron Biches Billy-Chevannes Billy-sur-Oisy Bitry Blismes Bona Bouhy Brassy Breugnon Brèves Brinay Brinon-sur-Beuvron Bulcy Bussy-la-Pesle La Celle-sur-Loire La Celle-sur-Nièvre Cercy-la-Tour Cervon Cessy-les-Bois Chalaux Challement Challuy Champallement Champlemy Champlin Champvert Champvoux Chantenay-Saint-Imbert La Chapelle-Saint-André La Charité-sur-Loire Charrin Chasnay Château-Chinon (Campagne) Château-Chinon (Ville) Châteauneuf-Val-de-Bargis Châtillon-en-Bazois Châtin Chaulgnes Chaumard Chaumot Chazeuil Chevannes-Changy Chevenon Chevroches Chiddes Chitry-les-Mines Chougny Ciez Cizely Clamecy La Collancelle Colméry Corancy Corbigny Corvol-d'Embernard Corvol-l'Orgueilleux Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire Cossaye Coulanges-lès-Nevers Couloutre Courcelles Crux-la-Ville Cuncy-lès-Varzy Dampierre-sous-Bouhy Decize Devay Diennes-Aubigny Dirol Dommartin Dompierre-sur-Nièvre Donzy Dornecy Dornes Druy-Parigny Dun-les-Places Dun-sur-Grandry Empury Entrains-sur-Nohain Epiry Fâchin La Fermeté Fertrève Fléty Fleury-sur-Loire Flez-Cuzy Fourchambault Fours Frasnay-Reugny Gâcogne Garchizy Garchy Germenay Germigny-sur-Loire Gien-sur-Cure Gimouille Giry Glux-en-Glenne Gouloux Grenois Guérigny Guipy Héry Imphy Isenay Jailly Lamenay-sur-Loire Langeron Lanty Larochemillay Lavault-de-Frétoy Limanton Limon Livry Lormes Lucenay-lès-Aix Lurcy-le-Bourg Luthenay-Uxeloup Luzy Lys La Machine Magny-Cours Magny-Lormes La Maison-Dieu La Marche Marcy Marigny-l'Église Marigny-sur-Yonne Mars-sur-Allier Marzy Maux Menestreau Menou Mesves-sur-Loire Metz-le-Comte Mhère Millay Moissy-Moulinot Monceaux-le-Comte Montambert Montapas Montaron Montenoison Mont-et-Marré Montigny-aux-Amognes Montigny-en-Morvan Montigny-sur-Canne Montreuillon Montsauche-les-Settons Moraches Moulins-Engilbert Mouron-sur-Yonne Moussy Moux-en-Morvan Murlin Myennes Nannay Narcy Neuffontaines Neuilly Neuville-lès-Decize Neuvy-sur-Loire Nevers La Nocle-Maulaix Nolay Nuars Oisy Onlay Ouagne Oudan Ougny Oulon Ouroux-en-Morvan Parigny-la-Rose Parigny-les-Vaux Pazy Perroy Planchez Poil Poiseux Pougny Pougues-les-Eaux Pouilly-sur-Loire Pouques-Lormes Pousseaux Prémery Préporché Raveau Rémilly Rix Rouy Ruages Saincaize-Meauce Saint-Agnan Saint-Amand-en-Puisaye Saint-Andelain Saint-André-en-Morvan Saint-Aubin-des-Chaumes Saint-Aubin-les-Forges Saint-Benin-d'Azy Saint-Benin-des-Bois Saint-Bonnot Saint-Brisson Saint-Didier Sainte-Colombe-des-Bois Saint-Éloi Sainte-Marie Saint-Firmin Saint-Franchy Saint-Germain-Chassenay Saint-Germain-des-Bois Saint-Gratien-Savigny Saint-Hilaire-en-Morvan Saint-Hilaire-Fontaine Saint-Honoré-les-Bains Saint-Jean-aux-Amognes Saint-Laurent-l'Abbaye Saint-Léger-de-Fougeret Saint-Léger-des-Vignes Saint-Loup Saint-Malo-en-Donziois Saint-Martin-d'Heuille Saint-Martin-du-Puy Saint-Martin-sur-Nohain Saint-Maurice Saint-Ouen-sur-Loire Saint-Parize-en-Viry Saint-Parize-le-Châtel Saint-Père Saint-Péreuse Saint-Pierre-du-Mont Saint-Pierre-le-Moûtier Saint-Quentin-sur-Nohain Saint-Révérien Saint-Saulge Saint-Seine Saint-Sulpice Saint-Vérain Saizy Sardy-lès-Épiry Sauvigny-les-Bois Savigny-Poil-Fol Saxi-Bourdon Sémelay Sermages Sermoise-sur-Loire Sichamps Sougy-sur-Loire Suilly-la-Tour Surgy Taconnay Talon Tamnay-en-Bazois Tannay Tazilly Teigny Ternant Thaix Thianges Tintury Toury-Lurcy Toury-sur-Jour Tracy-sur-Loire Tresnay Trois-Vèvres Tronsanges Trucy-l'Orgueilleux Urzy Vandenesse Varennes-lès-Narcy Varennes-Vauzelles Varzy Vauclaix Vaux d'Amognes Verneuil Vielmanay Vignol Villapourçon Ville-Langy Villiers-le-Sec Villiers-sur-Yonne Vitry-Laché

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 148929692 LCCN: n81020984 GND: 4041998-8 SUDOC: 078830052 BNF: cb1526

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