HOME
The Info List - Negev


--- Advertisement ---



The Negev
Negev
(Hebrew: הַנֶּגֶב‬, Tiberian vocalization: han-Néḡeḇ ; Arabic: النقب‎ an-Naqab) is a desert and semidesert region of southern Israel. The region's largest city and administrative capital is Beersheba
Beersheba
(pop. 205,810), in the north. At its southern end is the Gulf of Aqaba
Gulf of Aqaba
and the resort city of Eilat. It contains several development towns, including Dimona, Arad and Mitzpe Ramon, as well as a number of small Bedouin cities, including Rahat and Tel as-Sabi
Tel as-Sabi
and Lakyah. There are also several kibbutzim, including Revivim
Revivim
and Sde Boker; the latter became the home of Israel's first Prime Minister, David Ben-Gurion, after his retirement from politics. The desert is home to the Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, whose faculties include the Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert
Desert
Research and the Albert Katz International School for Desert
Desert
Studies, both located on the Midreshet Ben-Gurion
Midreshet Ben-Gurion
campus adjacent to Sde Boker. In October 2012, global travel guide publisher Lonely Planet
Lonely Planet
rated the Negev
Negev
second on a list of the world's top ten regional travel destinations for 2013, noting its current transformation through development.[1][2]

Contents

1 Etymology; other names 2 Geography 3 Flora and fauna 4 Climate 5 History

5.1 Nomads 5.2 Biblical 5.3 Nabateans
Nabateans
and Romans 5.4 Byzantines 5.5 Islamic empires 5.6 Ottoman era 5.7 British rule 5.8 Israeli rule

6 Demography 7 Economy and housing

7.1 Development plans 7.2 Solar power 7.3 Wineries

8 Environmental issues 9 See also 10 References 11 External links

Etymology; other names[edit] The origin of the word 'negev' is from the Hebrew root denoting 'dry'. In the Bible, the word Negev
Negev
is also used for the direction 'south'; some English-language translations use the spelling "Negeb". In Arabic, the Negev
Negev
is known as al-Naqab or an-Naqb ("the [mountain] pass"),[3][4] though it was not thought of as a distinct region until the demarcation of the Egypt-Ottoman frontier in the 1890s and has no traditional Arabic name.[5] During the British Mandate it was called Beersheba
Beersheba
sub-district.[5] Geography[edit]

Nahal Paran, Negev

The Negev
Negev
covers more than half of Israel, over some 13,000 km² (4,700 sq mi) or at least 55% of the country's land area. It forms an inverted triangle shape whose western side is contiguous with the desert of the Sinai
Sinai
Peninsula, and whose eastern border is the Arabah valley. The Negev
Negev
has a number of interesting cultural and geological features. Among the latter are three enormous, craterlike makhteshim (box canyons), which are unique to the region; Makhtesh
Makhtesh
Ramon, Ha Makhtesh
Makhtesh
HaGadol, and Ha Makhtesh
Makhtesh
HaKatan. The Negev
Negev
is a rocky desert. It is a melange of brown, rocky, dusty mountains interrupted by wadis (dry riverbeds that bloom briefly after rain) and deep craters. It can be split into five different ecological regions: northern, western and central Negev, the high plateau and the Arabah
Arabah
Valley. The northern Negev, or Mediterranean zone, receives 300 mm of rain annually and has fairly fertile soils. The western Negev
Negev
receives 250 mm of rain per year, with light and partially sandy soils. Sand dunes can reach heights of up to 30 metres here. Home to the city of Beersheba, the central Negev
Negev
has an annual precipitation of 200 mm and is characterized by impervious soil, known as loess, allowing minimum penetration of water with greater soil erosion and water runoff. The high plateau area of Negev Mountains/Ramat Ha Negev
Negev
(Hebrew: רמת הנגב‎, The Negev Heights) stands between 370 metres and 520 metres above sea level with extreme temperatures in summer and winter. The area gets 100 mm of rain per year, with inferior and partially salty soils. The Arabah Valley along the Jordanian border stretches 180 km from Eilat
Eilat
in the south to the tip of the Dead Sea
Dead Sea
in the north. The Arabah
Arabah
Valley is very arid with barely 50 mm of rain annually. It has inferior soils in which little can grow without irrigation and special soil additives. Flora and fauna[edit]

Spring blooms in the Negev

Vegetation in the Negev
Negev
is sparse, but certain trees and plants thrive there, among them Acacia, Pistacia, Retama, Urginea maritima
Urginea maritima
and Thymelaea.[6] A small population of Arabian leopards, an endangered animal in the Arabian peninsula, survives in the southern Negev.[7] The Negev Tortoise
Negev Tortoise
(Testudo werneri) is a critically endangered species that currently lives only in the sands of the western and central Negev
Negev
Desert.[8] The Negev shrew
Negev shrew
(Crocidura ramona) is a species of mammal of the family Soricidae
Soricidae
found only in Israel.[9] Hyphaene thebaica
Hyphaene thebaica
or doum palm can be found in the Southern Negev. Evrona is the most northerly point in the world where this palm can be found. Climate[edit] The Negev
Negev
region is arid ( Eilat
Eilat
receives on average only 24 mm of rainfall a year), receiving very little rain due to its location to the east of the Sahara
Sahara
(as opposed to the Mediterranean which lies to the west of Israel), and extreme temperatures due to its location 31 degrees north. However the northernmost areas of the Negev, including Beersheba, are semi-arid. The usual rainfall total from June through October is zero. Snow and frost are rare in the northern Negev, and snow and frost are unknown in the vicinity of Eilat
Eilat
in the southernmost Negev.[10]

Climate data for Beersheba

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 28.4 (83.1) 31 (88) 35.4 (95.7) 40.9 (105.6) 42.2 (108) 46 (115) 41.5 (106.7) 40.5 (104.9) 41.2 (106.2) 39.6 (103.3) 34 (93) 31.4 (88.5) 46 (115)

Average high °C (°F) 16.7 (62.1) 17.5 (63.5) 20.1 (68.2) 25.8 (78.4) 29 (84) 31.3 (88.3) 32.7 (90.9) 32.8 (91) 31.3 (88.3) 28.5 (83.3) 23.5 (74.3) 18.8 (65.8) 25.7 (78.3)

Average low °C (°F) 7.5 (45.5) 7.6 (45.7) 9.3 (48.7) 12.7 (54.9) 15.4 (59.7) 18.4 (65.1) 20.5 (68.9) 20.9 (69.6) 19.5 (67.1) 16.7 (62.1) 12.6 (54.7) 8.9 (48) 14.2 (57.6)

Record low °C (°F) −5 (23) −0.5 (31.1) 2.4 (36.3) 4 (39) 8 (46) 13.6 (56.5) 15.8 (60.4) 15.6 (60.1) 13 (55) 10.2 (50.4) 3.4 (38.1) 3 (37) −5 (23)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 49.6 (1.953) 40.4 (1.591) 30.7 (1.209) 12.9 (0.508) 2.7 (0.106) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0.4 (0.016) 5.8 (0.228) 19.7 (0.776) 41.9 (1.65) 204.1 (8.035)

Average precipitation days 9.2 8 6.4 2.6 0.8 0 0 0 0.1 1.8 4.6 7.5 41

Source: Israel
Israel
Meteorological Service[11][12]

Climate data for Eilat

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 32.2 (90) 35.8 (96.4) 38.7 (101.7) 43.4 (110.1) 45.2 (113.4) 47.4 (117.3) 48.3 (118.9) 48.0 (118.4) 45.0 (113) 44.3 (111.7) 38.1 (100.6) 33.6 (92.5) 48.3 (118.9)

Average high °C (°F) 21.3 (70.3) 23.0 (73.4) 26.1 (79) 31.0 (87.8) 35.7 (96.3) 38.9 (102) 40.4 (104.7) 40.0 (104) 37.3 (99.1) 33.1 (91.6) 27.7 (81.9) 23.0 (73.4) 31.46 (88.63)

Average low °C (°F) 10.4 (50.7) 11.8 (53.2) 14.6 (58.3) 18.4 (65.1) 22.5 (72.5) 25.2 (77.4) 27.3 (81.1) 27.4 (81.3) 25.2 (77.4) 21.8 (71.2) 16.3 (61.3) 11.9 (53.4) 19.4 (66.91)

Record low °C (°F) 1.2 (34.2) 0.9 (33.6) 3.0 (37.4) 8.4 (47.1) 12.1 (53.8) 18.5 (65.3) 20.0 (68) 19.4 (66.9) 18.6 (65.5) 9.2 (48.6) 5.3 (41.5) 2.5 (36.5) 0.9 (33.6)

Average rainfall mm (inches) 4 (0.16) 3 (0.12) 3 (0.12) 2 (0.08) 1 (0.04) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 4 (0.16) 2 (0.08) 5 (0.2) 24 (0.96)

Average rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.1 1.8 1.6 0.9 0.7 0 0 0 0 0.7 0.8 1.9 10.5

Source: Israel
Israel
Meteorological Service[13][14][15][16]

History[edit]

Of the three Acacia
Acacia
species growing in high plateau of the Negev, Acacia
Acacia
pachyceras is the most cold-resistant.

Nomads[edit] Nomadic life in the Negev
Negev
dates back at least 4,000 years [17] and perhaps as much as 7,000 years.[18] The first urbanized settlements were established by a combination of Canaanite, Amalekite, Amorite, Nabataean and Edomite
Edomite
groups circa 2000 BC.[17] Pharaonic
Pharaonic
Egypt is credited with introducing copper mining and smelting in both the Negev
Negev
and the Sinai
Sinai
between 1400 and 1300 BC.[17][19] Biblical[edit] In the Bible, the term Negev
Negev
only relates to the northern, semiarid part of what we call Negev
Negev
today, located in the general area of the Arad- Beersheba
Beersheba
Valley. According to the Book of Genesis
Book of Genesis
chapter 13, Abraham
Abraham
lived for a while in the Negev
Negev
after being banished from Egypt.[20] During the Exodus journey to the promised land, Moses
Moses
sent twelve scouts into the Negev to assess the land and population.[21] Later the northern part of biblical Negev
Negev
was inhabited by the Tribe of Judah
Tribe of Judah
and the southern part of biblical Negev
Negev
by the Tribe of Simeon. The Negev
Negev
was later part of the Kingdom of Solomon (in its entirety, all the way to the Red Sea), and then, with varied extension to the south, part of the Kingdom of Judah.[22] In the 9th century BC, development and expansion of mining in both the Negev
Negev
and Edom
Edom
(modern Jordan) coincided with the rise of the Assyrian Empire.[17] Beersheba
Beersheba
was the region's capital and a center for trade in the 8th century BC.[17] Small settlements of Israelites
Israelites
in the areas around the capital existed between 1020 and 928 BC.[17] Nabateans
Nabateans
and Romans[edit]

Archaeological ruins in the Negev

The 4th century BC arrival of the Nabateans
Nabateans
resulted in the development of irrigation systems that supported new urban centers located along the Negev incense route
Negev incense route
at Avdat, Mamshit, Shivta, Haluza
Haluza
(Elusa), and Nitzana.[17] The Nabateans
Nabateans
controlled the trade on the spice route between their capital Petra
Petra
and the Gazan seaports. Nabatean currency and the remains of red and orange potsherds, identified as a trademark of their civilization, have been found along the route, remnants of which are also still visible.[17] Nabatean control of the Negev
Negev
ended when the Roman empire
Roman empire
annexed their lands in 106 AD.[17] The population, largely made up of Arabian nomads, remained largely tribal and independent of Roman rule, with an animist belief system.[dubious – discuss][17] Byzantines[edit] Byzantine rule in the 4th century AD introduced Christianity
Christianity
to the population.[17] Agricultural-based cities were established and the population grew exponentially.[17] Islamic empires[edit] The southern Negev
Negev
saw a flourishing of economic activity during the 8th to 10th or 11th centuries.[23] Six Islamic settlements have been found in the vicinity of modern Eilat, along with copper and gold mines and stone quarries, and a sophisticated irrigation system and road network.[23] The economic center was the port of Ayla (Aqaba).[23] Ottoman era[edit] Main article: Negev
Negev
Bedouins

Tel Arad
Tel Arad
inhabited since 4000 BCE

Nomadic tribes ruled the Negev
Negev
largely independently and with a relative lack of interference for the next thousand years.[17] What is known of this time is largely derived from oral histories and folk tales of tribes from the Wadi
Wadi
Musa and Petra
Petra
areas in present-day Jordan.[17] The Bedouins of the Negev
Negev
historically survived chiefly on sheep and goat husbandry. Scarcity of water and of permanent pastoral land required them to move constantly. The Bedouin in years past established few permanent settlements, although some were built, leaving behind remnants of stone houses called 'baika.'[18] In 1900 the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
established an administrative center for southern Syria at Beersheba
Beersheba
including schools and a railway station.[17] The authority of the tribal chiefs over the region was recognized by the Ottomans.[17] A railroad connected it to the port of Rafah. In 1914 the Turkish authorities estimated the nomadic population at 55,000,[24] British rule[edit]

A map considered by the British Cabinet in 1918 suggested that the Negev
Negev
could be included in either Palestine or Egypt.[25]

The 1916 Sykes-Picot Agreement
Sykes-Picot Agreement
between Britain and France placed the Negev
Negev
in Area B, "Arab state or states" under British patronage.[26] The Negev
Negev
was taken from the Ottoman army by British forces during 1917 and became part of Mandatory Palestine. In 1922, the Bedouin component of the population was estimated at 72,898 out of a total of 75,254 for the Beersheba
Beersheba
sub-district.[24] The 1931 census estimated that the population of the Beersheba sub-district was 51,082.[27] This large decrease was considered to be an artifact of incorrect enumeration methods used in 1922.[24] An Arabic history of tribes around Beersheba, published in 1934 records 23 tribal groups.[28]

Rahat, the largest Bedouin city in the Negev

Israeli rule[edit] In 1948 the Negev
Negev
came under Israeli rule. In the early years of the state, it absorbed many of the Jewish refugees from Arab countries, with the Israeli government setting up many development towns, such as Arad, Sderot
Sderot
and Netivot. Since then, the Negev
Negev
has also become home to many of the Israel
Israel
Defense Forces major bases - a process accelerating in the past two decades. Demography[edit] As of 2010, the Negev
Negev
was home to some 630,000 people (or 8.2% of Israel's population), even though it comprises over 55% of the country's area. 470,000 Negev
Negev
residents or 75% of the population of the Negev
Negev
are Jews, while 160,000 or 25% are Bedouin.[29] Of the Bedouin population (a demographic with a semi-nomadic tradition), half live in unrecognized villages, and half live in towns built for them by the Israeli government between the 1960s and 1980s; the largest of these is Rahat. The population of the Negev
Negev
is expected to reach 1.2 million by 2025.[citation needed] It has been projected that the Beersheba metropolitan area will reach a population of 1 million by 2020, and Arad, Yeruham, and Dimona
Dimona
will triple in size by 2025.[30][31] Economy and housing[edit] Development plans[edit]

Blueprint Negev
Blueprint Negev
mobile homes, 2009

Blueprint Negev
Blueprint Negev
is a Jewish National Fund
Jewish National Fund
project introduced in 2005. The $600 million project hopes to continue Israel's past environmental successes in 'making the desert bloom' and attract 500,000 new Jewish residents to the Negev
Negev
by improving transportation infrastructure, establishing businesses, developing water resources and introducing programs to protect the environment.[32] A planned artificial desert river, swimming pools and golf courses raised concerns among environmentalists.[33][34] Critics oppose those plans, calling instead for an inclusive plan for the green vitalization of existing population centers, investment in Bedouin villages, clean-up of toxic industries and development of job options for the unemployed.[35][36][37] [38] A major Israel
Israel
Defense Forces training base is being constructed in the Negev
Negev
to accommodate 10,000 army personnel and 2,500 civilian staff. Three more bases will be built by 2020 as part of a plan to vacate land and buildings in Tel Aviv and central Israel, and bring jobs and investment to the south.[39] Solar power[edit] Main article: Solar power in Israel

Solar troughs in the Negev

This article needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (June 2014)

The Negev
Negev
Desert
Desert
and the surrounding area, including the Arava Valley, are the sunniest parts of Israel
Israel
and little of this land is arable, which is why it has become the center of the Israeli solar industry.[40] David Faiman, an expert on solar energy, feels the energy needs of Israel's future could be met by building solar energy plants in the Negev. As director of Ben-Gurion National Solar Energy Center, he operates one of the largest solar dishes in the world.[41] Technically, however, the Arava is a separate desert with its own unique climate and ecology. A 250 MW solar park in Ashalim, an area in the northern Negev, was in the planning stages for over five years, but it is not expected to produce power before 2013.[42] In 2008 construction began on three solar power plants near the city; two thermal and one photovoltaic.[43] The Rotem Industrial Complex outside of Dimona, Israel, has dozens of solar mirrors that focus the Sun's rays on a tower that in turn heats a water boiler to create steam, turning a turbine to create electricity. Luz II, Ltd., plans to use the solar array to test new technology for the three new solar plants to be built in California for Pacific Gas and Electric Company.[44][45][46] Wineries[edit]

Yatir Forest
Yatir Forest
2005, produced by Yatir Winery
Yatir Winery
in the Negev

Vines have been planted in the Negev
Negev
since ancient times. In modern times, vineyards have been established in the northern Negev
Negev
hills using innovative computerized watering methods for irrigation. Carmel Winery was the first of the major wineries to plant vineyards in the Negev
Negev
and operates a boutique winery at Ramat Arad. Tishbi has vineyards at Sde Boker
Sde Boker
and Barkan grows its grapes in Mitzpe Ramon.[47] Yatir Winery
Yatir Winery
is a boutique winery in Tel Arad. Its vineyards are on a hill 900 meters above sea level on the outskirts of Yatir Forest.[48] Carmey Avdat
Avdat
is Israel's first solar-powered winery.[49] Environmental issues[edit] The Negev
Negev
is home to hazardous infrastructures that include Negev Nuclear Research Center nuclear reactor, 22 agrochemical and petrochemical factories, an oil terminal, closed military zones, quarries, a toxic waste incinerator at Ne'ot Hovav, cell towers, a power plant, several airports, a prison, and 2 rivers of open sewage.[50]

Campus of Midreshet Ben Gurion

In 2005, the Tel Aviv municipality was accused of dumping waste in the Negev
Negev
at the Dudaim dump.[51] The Manufacturers Association of Israel established an authority in 2005 to move 60 industrial enterprises active in the Tel Aviv region to the Negev.[52]

This article needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (January 2015)

In 1979, the Ramat Hovav
Ramat Hovav
toxic waste facility was established in Wadi el-Na'am because the area was perceived as invulnerable to leakage. However, within a decade, cracks were found in the rock beneath Ramat Hovav.[50] In 2004, the Israeli Ministry of Health released Ben Gurion University research findings describing the health problems in a 20 km vicinity of Ramat Hovav. The study, funded in large part by Ramat Hovav, found higher rates of cancer and mortality for the 350,000 people in the area. Prematurely released to the media by an unknown source, the preliminary study was publicly discredited;[53] However, its final conclusions – that Bedouin and Jewish residents near Ramat Hovav
Ramat Hovav
are significantly more susceptible than the rest of the population to miscarriages, severe birth defects, and respiratory diseases – passed a peer review several months later.[54] See also[edit]

Caliche

References[edit]

^ Gattegno, Ilan (October 26, 2012). " Negev
Negev
named among top ten travel destinations for 2013". Israel
Israel
Hayom. Retrieved October 29, 2012.  ^ "Best in Travel 2013 - Top 10 regions". Lonely Planet. October 23, 2012. Retrieved April 2, 2013.  ^ Moshe Sharon
Moshe Sharon
(1997). 'Aqabah (Ailah). Corpus Inscriptionum Arabicarum Palaestinae. Handbook of Oriental Studies/Handbuch Der Orientalistik. Leiden & Boston: Brill Academic Publishers. pp. 89–90. ISBN 9789004108332. Retrieved 1 May 2015. In fact, there are two mountain passes through which the road of Aylah has to cross. The western one crosses the mountain ridge to the west of the gulf, and through it passes the main road from Egypt which cuts through the whole width of Sinai, coming from Cairo via Suez. This mountain pass is also called 'Aqabat Aylah, or as it is better known, "Naqb al-'Aqabah" or "Ras an-Naqb."  ^ https://books.google.co.il/books?id=71SnYdunv1MC&pg=PA670&lpg=PA670&dq=%22Naqb%22+%22negev%22+bedouin&source=bl&ots=EmTXpblmiv&sig=7o-BSiNevrZIl2gHgYAoPirkBHE&hl=en&sa=X&ei=athCVZ7AG8T1aqa_gMgM&ved=0CEsQ6AEwCQ#v=onepage&q=%22Naqb%22%20%22negev%22%20bedouin&f=false ^ a b Palestine Exploration Quarterly (April 1941). The Negev, or Southern Desert
Desert
of Palestine by George E. Kirk. London. Page 57. ^ Bailey, C.; Danin, A. (1981). "Bedouin plant utilization in Sinai and the Negev". Economic Botany. 35 (2): 145. doi:10.1007/BF02858682.  ^ Gulf-Environment: Arabian Leopard Faces Extinction ^ Re-introduction - Negev
Negev
tortoise ^ Crocidura ramona ^ "Beersheba, ISR Weather". MSN. Retrieved 2008-01-25.  ^ "Averages and Records for Beersheba
Beersheba
(Precipitation, Temperature and Records [Excluding January and June] written in the page)". Israel Meteorological Service. August 2011. Archived from the original on 2010-09-14.  ^ "Records Data for Israel
Israel
(Data used only for January and June)". Israel
Israel
Meteorological Service.  ^ "Averages and Records for Tel Aviv (Precipitation, Temperature and Records written in the page)". Israel
Israel
Meteorological Service. Archived from the original on 14 September 2010. Retrieved 1 August 2010. (in Hebrew) ^ "Extremes for Tel Aviv [Records of February and May]". Israel Meteorological Service. Retrieved 2 August 2015. (in Hebrew) ^ "Temperature average". Israel
Israel
Meteorological Service. Archived from the original on 18 June 2013. Retrieved 8 December 2011. (in Hebrew) ^ " Precipitation
Precipitation
average". Archived from the original on 25 September 2011. Retrieved 12 July 2011. (in Hebrew) ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Mariam Shahin. Palestine: A Guide. (2005) Interlink Books. ISBN 1-56656-557-X ^ a b Israel
Israel
Finkelstein; Avi Perevolotsky (Aug 1990). "Processes of Sedentarization and Nomadization in the History of Sinai
Sinai
and the Negev". Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research (279): 67–88.  ^ J. M. Tebes (2008). "Centro y periferia en el mundo antiguo. El Negev
Negev
y sus interacciones con Egipto, Asiria, y el Levante en la Edad del Hierro (1200-586 A.D.) ANEM 1. SBL - CEHAO" (PDF). uca.edu.ar.  ^ Genesis 13:1,3 ^ Numbers 13:17 ^ The Negev: The Challenge of a Desert, Michael Evenari ^ a b c Uzi Avner and Jodi Magness (1998). "Early Islamic settlement in the Southern Negev". Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research. 310: 39–57. doi:10.2307/1357577.  ^ a b c Palestine, Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922, October 1922, J.B. Barron, Superintendent of the Census, pages 4,7 ^ Map from CAB 24/72/7: "Maps illustrating the Settlement of Turkey and the Arabian Peninsula", forming an annex to: CAB 24/72/6, a British Cabinet memorandum on "The Settlement of Turkey and the Arablan Peninsula" ^ Gideon Biger (2004). The Boundaries of Modem Palestine, 1840-1947. RoutledgeCurzon. p. 64.  ^ Census of Palestine 1931, Volume I. Palestine Part I, Report. Alexandria, 1933, p49. ^ Palestine Exploration Quarterly. (October 1937 & January 1938) Notes on the Bedouin Tribes of Beersheba
Beersheba
District. by S. Hillelson. Translations from A History of Beersheba
Beersheba
and the Tribes thereof (Ta'rikh Bir al-Saba' wa qaba'iliha). by 'Arif al-'Arif. ^ "A Bedouin welcome - Israel
Israel
Travel, Ynetnews". Ynetnews.com. 1995-06-20. Retrieved 2011-10-09.  ^ Udasin, Sharon. "'1.2 million residents in the Negev
Negev
by 2025' JPost Israel
Israel
News". JPost. Retrieved 2014-01-19.  ^ "תוכנית באר שבע אושרה; המטרה – מיליון תושבים עד שנת 2020". Calcalist.co.il. 1995-06-20. Retrieved 2014-01-19.  ^ http://www.jnf.org/site/PageServer?pagename=negevPoints Archived August 13, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Orenstein, Daniel (March 25, 2007). "When an ecological community is not". haaretz.com.  ^ [1] Archived April 2, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Daniel Orenstein and Steven Hamburg (November 28, 2005). "The JNF's Assault on the Negev". The Jerusalem Report. watsoninstitute.org.  ^ "Ohalah resolution". neohasid.org.  ^ "Neohasid's Save the Negev
Negev
Campaign". neohasid.org.  ^ Manski, Rebecca (9 November 2010). "Blueprint Negev". MERIP/Mondoweiss. Retrieved 23 January 2015.  ^ Israel
Israel
looks to fulfil desert dream with Negev
Negev
military base ^ Ehud Zion Waldoks (March 10, 2008). "Head of Kibbutz
Kibbutz
Movement: We will not be discriminated against by the government". Jerusalem Post.  ^ Lettice, John (January 25, 2008). "Giant solar plants in Negev
Negev
could power Israel's future". The Register.  ^ Yosef I. Abramowitz and David Lehreer (November 2, 2008). "The solar vote". Haaretz.  ^ "Solar energy could raise electricity prices". Haaretz. 6 August 2008.  ^ "Calif. solar power test begins — in Israeli desert". Associated Press. June 12, 2008. Retrieved December 23, 2008.  ^ Rabinovitch, Ari (June 11, 2008). " Israel
Israel
site for California solar power test". Reuters.  ^ Washington   (2008-05-08). "Building Small Prototype Homes, an Israeli Solar Experiment News English". Voanews.com. Archived from the original on 2009-08-26. Retrieved 2011-10-09.  ^ Israel's Wine Regions Archived 2012-03-05 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Rogov, Daniel (2009). Rogov's Guide to Israeli Wine. London, England: Toby Press. p. 467. ISBN 978-1613290194.  ^ Israel's first solar-powered wine ^ a b Manski, Rebecca. "Bedouin Vilified Among Top 10 Environmental Hazards in Israel". AIC. Retrieved 12 April 2013.  ^ Berger, Gali (October 12, 2005). "Sin of waste / Municipal garbage that's out of sight, out of mind". Haaretz. boker.org.il.  ^ Manor, Hadas (August 11, 2005). "Manufacturers promoting transfer of 60 factories to Negev". Globes. boker.org.il.  ^ Manski, Rebecca (2005). "The Bedouin as Worker-Nomad". bustan.org.  ^ Sarov, Batia, and peers at Ben Gurion University: “Major congenital malformations and residential proximity to a regional industrial park including a national toxic waste site: An ecological study;” Environmental Health: A Global Access Science Source 2006, 5:8; Bentov et al., licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Negev.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Negev.

Sde Boker
Sde Boker
archive of articles on the Negev Israel's Negev
Negev
Information Site Photos of Negev

v t e

World
World
deserts

Desert Desertification List of deserts List of deserts by area

Africa

Algerian Bayuda Blue Chalbi Danakil Djurab Eastern Ferlo Farafra (White) Kalahari Libyan Moçâmedes Namib Nubian Nyiri Owami Richtersveld Sahara Tanezrouft Ténéré Western

Asia

Ad-Dahna Akshi Arabian Aral Karakum Aralkum Badain Jaran Betpak-Dala Cholistan Dasht-e Kavir Dasht-e Khash Dasht-e Leili Dasht-e Loot Dasht-e Margo Dasht-e Naomid Gurbantünggüt Gobi Hami Indus Valley Judaean Karakum Katpana Kharan Kumtag Kyzylkum Lop Maranjab Muyunkum Nefud Negev Polond Ordos Qaidam Ramlat al-Sab'atayn Rub' al Khali Russian Arctic Registan Saryesik-Atyrau Syrian Taklamakan Tengger Thal Thar Ustyurt Plateau Wahiba Sands

Australia

Gibson Great Sandy Great Victoria Little Sandy Nullarbor Plain Painted Pedirka Simpson Strzelecki Sturt's Stony Tanami Tirari

Europe

Accona Bardenas Reales Błędów Cabo de Gata Deliblatska Peščara Hálendi Monegros Oleshky Oltenian Sahara Ryn Stranja Tabernas

North America

Alvord Amargosa Baja California Black Rock Carcross Carson Channeled scablands Chihuahuan Colorado Escalante Forty Mile Gran Desierto de Altar Great Basin Great Salt Lake Great Sandy Jornada del Muerto Kaʻū Lechuguilla Mojave North American Arctic Owyhee Painted Desert Red Desert Sevier Smoke Creek Sonoran Tonopah Desert Tule (Arizona) Tule (Nevada) Yp Yuha Yuma

South America

Atacama La Guajira Los Médanos de Coro Monte Patagonian Sechura Tatacoa

Zealandia

Rangipo Desert

Polar Regions

Antarctica Arctic Greenland North American Arctic Russian Arctic

Project Category Commons

v t e

Southern District of Israel

Cities

Arad Ashdod Ashkelon Beersheba Dimona Eilat Kiryat Gat Kiryat Malakhi Netivot Ofakim Rahat Sderot

Local councils

Ar'arat an-Naqab Hura Kuseife Lakiya Lehavim Meitar Mitzpe Ramon Omer Shaqib al-Salam Tel as-Sabi Yeruham

Regional councils

al-Kasom Be'er Tuvia Bnei Shimon Central Arava Eshkol Hevel Eilot Hof Ashkelon Lakhish Merhavim Neve Midbar Ramat HaNegev Sdot Negev
Negev
(Azata) Sha'ar HaNegev Shafir Tamar Yoav

See also

Beersheba
Beersheba
metropolitan area Negev Arabah

Other sub-divisions: Central District Haifa District Jerusalem District Judea and Samaria Area Northern District Tel Aviv District

Coordinates: 30°30′00″N 34°55′01″E / 30.500°N 34.917°E / 30

.