Nathamuni was a Vaishnava theologian who collected and compiled the Nalayira Divya Prabandham. Considered the first of Sri Vaishnava āchāryās, Nathamuni is also the author of Yogarahasya, and Nyāyatattva.
1 Birth and family 2 Life history
2.1 Compilation of the 4000 Divya Prabandhams 2.2 Other contributions
3.1 The court dancer 3.2 "Uyyakondar" - his disciple Pundarikaksha
4 References 5 Further reading 6 External links
Birth and family
Nathamuni is generally considered to have been born in 823 AD and to
have died in 924 AD. His birth name was Aranganathan however he was
Nathamuni or literally the Saint lord (Nathan-lord,
muni-saint) An alternative view is that he was born in 582 AD
and died in 922 AD. Yet another view is that
Nathamuni was born at
Viranarayana Puram sometime shortly after 907 AD and flourished in the
10th century. The traditional view that he lived for than 400 years
is untenable. It is likely that
Nathamuni lived for slightly over a
hundred years in that region controlled by the Chola kings before they
rose to the peak of their greatness.His birth star was Anusham.
Though there is difficulty in fixing Nathamuni's date of birth and
age, he is considered to have lived during the lifetime of Madhurakavi
Alvar's Parampara. That
Nathamuni was in contact with
The story goes that Nathamuni, while at the Vishnu temple at Mannargudi, his native place, heard some Brahmins from the Southern end of the Peninsula recite Tamil verses of Satakopa addressed to the Vishnu God of Kumbhakonam and was charmed with their sense and diction. He also found that these verses concluded with the words “These 10 out of the thousand, composed by Satakopa”. Nathamuni thus placed in the track of research seems to have finally recovered the whole of Satakopa’s works and then rearranged them and the extant works of the other Alwars into four collections of about a thousand stanzas each.
The ritual of worship as followed in Vishnu Temples is based on two
early standard works. The first being Vaikhanasa Sutra which probably
belongs to the Krishna Yajurveda school. The other is the Panchratra
Agama which belongs to the extensive Tantra literature, believed to
have been composed by Narayana himself. The Agama has a peculiar
philosophy of its own, the Bhagavata Cult, which is very old and is
referred to in the Mahabharata and Badarayana Sutras. Nathamuni, made
a provision for the recitation of Tamil vedas on appropriate occasions
during the main festivals of the lord.
He is thought to be the originator of the Araiyar Sevai. The
modern days 'Thathachariars' a sect of
^ a b c d e f Dasgupta, S. N. (1991). A History of Indian Philosophy.
3. Motilal Banarsidass. pp. 94–96.
^ a b c Srinivasa Chari, S. M. (1994). Vaiṣṇavism, p.22-24.
Motilal Banarsidass Publishers. ISBN 8120810988 
^ a b c d Kallidaikurichi Aiyah Nilakanta Sastri (1964). The culture
and history of the Tamils, p.149
^ Desikachar, T.K.V. (2010). The Heart of Yoga: Developing a Personal
Practice, p.231. Inner Traditions, Bear & Co. ISBN 1594778922
^ Padmaja, T. (2002). Temples of Kr̥ṣṇa in South India: History,
Art, and Traditions in Tamil Nadu. Abhinav Publications.
ISBN 8170173981 
^ Subrahmanian, N., Hikosaka, S., Samuel, John G., & Thiagarajan
P. (1998). Tamil social history, Volume 2, p.342. Institute of Asian
^ Aiyangar, Sakkottai Krishnaswami (1911). Ancient India: Collected
Essays on the Literary and Political History of Southern India, p.409,
413. Asian Educational Services. ISBN 8120618505 
^ a b Neevel, Walter G. (1977). Yāmuna's Vedānta and Pāñcarātra:
Integrating the Classical and the Popular, p.15. Issue 10 of Harvard
theological review. Harvard dissertations in religion. Scholars Press.
^ a b c d e f g Chariar, T Rajagopala. The Vaishnavite reformers of
India: Critical sketches of their lives and writings.
^ Geetha Rajagopal. Music rituals in the temples of South India,
Volume 1. D. K. Printworld, 2009 - Religion. p. 57.
^ Jagadeesan, N. (1989). Collected Papers on Tamil Vaishnavism, p.126.
^ Es Vaiyāpurip Piḷḷai (1956). History of Tamil language and
literature: beginning to 1000 AD, p.130. New Century Book House
^ First Preceptor The Hindu, Sep 28, 2007 Retrieved on 2008-4-23.
^ Rare event: Srinivasarangachariar performing
Bartley, C. J. (2002). The theology of Ramanuja: realism and religion. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-7007-1459-9. Flood, Gavin (1996). An Introduction to Hinduism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 132–136. ISBN 0-521-43304-5.
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