HOME
The Info List - Nate Parker





Nate Parker
Nate Parker
(born November 18, 1979)[1] is an American actor, director, producer, writer, and musical performer who has appeared in Beyond the Lights, Red Tails, The Secret Life of Bees, The Great Debaters, Arbitrage, Non-Stop, Felon, and Pride.[2] Parker's directorial debut feature film, The Birth of a Nation, in which he also starred, made history at the 2016 Sundance Film Festival
2016 Sundance Film Festival
when Fox Searchlight Pictures acquired the distribution rights for $17.5 million, breaking the record for the most paid for a Sundance Film Festival production, surpassing Little Miss Sunshine, which had been acquired by Searchlight for $10 million ten years earlier.[3] In college, Parker was accused and acquitted of the rape of a fellow student; during the trial for this case, he was accused by another woman of indecently exposing himself to her. These incidents became a prominent media story in 2016, during the publicity for The Birth of a Nation.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career

2.1 Wrestling 2.2 Acting 2.3 Directing

3 Public charity 4 Personal life 5 Filmography 6 Awards and nominations 7 References 8 External links

Early life[edit] Parker was born in Norfolk, Virginia, to Carolyn Whitfield, a 17-year-old single mother. Although Parker's mother did not marry his biological father, Parker had a relationship with his father until his father died from cancer when Parker was eleven. Parker's mother's first husband gave Parker his surname. After a divorce, Parker's mother then married her second husband, Walter Whitford, who was in the United States Air Force
United States Air Force
and was stationed in Bath, Maine.[1] Parker has four younger sisters.[4] At the age of 14, after problems at home with his stepfather, Parker moved to Virginia
Virginia
Beach, Virginia, to live with his maternal uncle, Jay Combs. Combs, a former wrestler, encouraged Parker to join the wrestling team at Princess Anne High School. He then attended Churchland High School
Churchland High School
and continued on their wrestling team, before moving to Great Bridge High School
Great Bridge High School
before attending Penn State University on a wrestling scholarship in 1999. In 1999, while a sophomore at the University, Parker and his roommate and wrestling teammate, Jean McGianni Celestin, were accused of raping a fellow student.[5][6][7][8] The accuser stated that Parker and Celestin raped her while she was intoxicated and unconscious, and that she was unsure of how many people had been involved.[9][10] Local authorities taped a phone conversation between her and Parker in which Parker confirmed that it was he and Celestin who had sex with her.[11] She also stated that the two harassed her after she pressed charges, and that they hired a private investigator who showed her picture around campus, revealing her identity.[12] Parker was acquitted on all four counts brought against him.[13] Celestin, who shares a story credit on The Birth of a Nation, was convicted of sexual assault and received a six-month to one-year prison sentence in 2001,[14] later raised to two to four years per state sentencing guidelines.[15] Parker's accuser filed a complaint against the university for failing to protect her from harassment, which was settled with Penn State for $17,500.[16] In 2012, the accuser committed suicide.[17] Parker was initially suspended from Penn State's wrestling tea, before being reinstated in 2000 while facing trial. Within weeks a female student worker accused him of exposing himself to her. The student did not go to the police and Penn State dropped the matter. In October 2016.[18][19] After the trial, Parker transferred to and graduated from the University of Oklahoma
University of Oklahoma
in 2002, where he was on the wrestling team and received a degree in management science and information systems.[20][9][21] Career[edit] Wrestling[edit] Parker placed third in the Virginia
Virginia
High School League state wrestling championships as a junior while attending Churchland High School. Parker's mother moved to the Great Bridge High School
Great Bridge High School
district so Parker could participate in its powerhouse wrestling program. He was a member of the 1997–98 state champion Great Bridge wrestling team and was a state champion 135-pound (61 kg) wrestler who placed third in the High School National Wrestling Championships, while becoming a high school All-American.[1][22][23][24] Parker earned a full scholarship to wrestle at Penn State University.[25] At Penn State, Parker was nationally ranked as a freshman.[26] After transferring to the University of Oklahoma, Parker continued to be ranked as a redshirt junior 141-pound (64 kg) wrestler.[20][27] In 2002, Parker placed fifth at the National Collegiate Athletic Association wrestling championships and became an All-American at Oklahoma. Following his fifth-place finish, he was ranked second nationally as a redshirt senior.[28] Acting[edit]

Parker at the 2008 Toronto International Film Festival

Parker was discovered while attending an event in Dallas with a model friend.[29] Los Angeles talent manager Jon Simmons noticed Parker, had him audition, put himself on tape, then encouraged Parker to move to Los Angeles where he gradually found work as an actor.[30][31] In 2006, Parker played the male lead in Rome & Jewel, a hip-hop take on Romeo and Juliet
Romeo and Juliet
that got mothballed and re-released in 2008. Parker's title character, who is supposed to be the modern day Romeo, was a Compton youth with both tenderness and toughness. Despite a troubled script, Parker's rap performance earned comparisons to Will Smith from Nathan Lee of The New York Times.[32][33] In 2007, he had a small role in Pride, about an African American swim team. Parker was tasked with depicting the visual expectations of an athletic proficiency that was new to him but very familiar to the audience.[34] In 2007, Parker played the role of Henry Lowe in the Denzel Washington-directed film, The Great Debaters. The character was based on the real-life debater, Henry Heights from Wiley College. Parker attended a debate boot camp to make his performance more authentic.[35] He portrayed a multifaceted character. Stephen Holden of The New York Times
The New York Times
described Parker's portrayal as having depicted a "handsome, clean-cut youth with a lurking bad-boy streak".[36] while John Clark of the New York Daily News
New York Daily News
described the role as that of a "silver-tongued orator and ladies' man".[35] Other reviewers also noted the nuances of the character.[37][38] Parker also performed on the soundtrack.[citation needed] Parker and co-stars Forest Whitaker and Denzel Washington
Denzel Washington
were all nominated for the 2008 NAACP Image Awards in the best supporting actor category, which Denzel Washington won.[39][40] Parker would develop a continuing relationship with Wiley College.[41] Parker next performed in a pair of low budget movies: Felon and Tunnel Rats. Despite these early light roles, Parker's onscreen charisma and general je ne sais quoi showed, earning Parker comparisons to Paul Newman.[42] In Felon, Parker played a rookie guard dealing with inner turmoil.[43] In 2008's The Secret Life of Bees, Parker played the good-hearted love interest of Alicia Keys' character.[44][45] Parker's character has to deal with the challenges of spurned love.[46][47] The movie was written and directed by Gina Prince-Bythewood
Gina Prince-Bythewood
based on the book of the same name by Sue Monk Kidd.[48] In the 2010 film Blood Done Sign My Name, which was based on a true story of small town racial turmoil set in a backdrop of belated segregation in 1970,[49] Parker plays a 22-year-old Benjamin Chavis.[50] Parker's Chavis was a teacher who had been born into an affluent African-American family and would later become the Executive Director of the N.A.A.C.P.[51] A. O. Scott
A. O. Scott
of The New York Times described Parker as "diffident" and his portrayal as "thoughtful, morally serious".[51] Steven Rea of the Philadelphia Inquirer
Philadelphia Inquirer
notes that events in the film move Parker with both "resolve and rage":[49] Roger Ebert
Roger Ebert
described Parker's Chavis as "energized and angered" in one of the two main storylines of the film that started with Chavis leading an economic boycott after an adverse court verdict.[52] Parker's character was "peripheral" according to The New York Post's Kyle Smith and upstaged according to Scott and Ebert.[51][52][53] However, Michael Phillips of the Chicago Tribune
Chicago Tribune
noted that Parker's portrayal infused dimension into Chavis, whose cousin's death was the subject of the film. Phillips noted that the role showed that with the right choices Parker had the potential to be a big star in the future.[54] In 2012, Parker appeared as a World War II
World War II
squadron commander in Red Tails, a film portraying Tuskegee Airmen. Parker's character drinks to cope with the stress of the fighter pilot lifestyle. Lou Lumenick of the New York Post
New York Post
praised then-unknown actors Parker and David Oyelowo.[55] In the movie, Parker plays Marty "Easy" Julian who commanded the escorts for the World War II
World War II
bombers in the face of Nazi fighter planes.[56] While Peter Travers
Peter Travers
of Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
noted that Parker shined in his role,[57] Wesley Morris
Wesley Morris
of The Boston Globe
The Boston Globe
felt Oyelowo stood out.[56] Although the story is a fictionalization,[58] Bilge Ebiri of New York and Holden note that the relationship between the two is the story's central one.[59][60] Holden compared Parker's presence to that of Denzel Washington.[60] In Arbitrage, Parker's talents were underutilized as the son of a chauffeur who gets caught in a murder coverup, according to David Denby
David Denby
of The New Yorker.[61] Nonetheless, Ty Burr of The Boston Globe
The Boston Globe
notes that Parker's portrayal of the Harlem
Harlem
native is the only sympathetic character of the film.[62] Travers notes the role provides Richard Gere's elitist character with his only interactions with a diverse character in the film.[63] Parker's third and final film of 2012 was in Spike Lee's Red Hook Summer. Parker played a gang member named Box, whose role was not central to the film progression according to Phillips,[64] although convincingly menacing according to Smith.[65] In 2013, he had a supporting role in Ain't Them Bodies Saints
Ain't Them Bodies Saints
that Richard Brody of The New Yorker
The New Yorker
described as being a bar owner who is among an "enticing array of characters".[66] The role was minor according to Scott.[67] In a 2014 interview with BET
BET
during publicity for the film Beyond the Lights that included Parker and director Gina Prince-Bythewood, Parker stated that in order to "preserve the black man" he would not be willing to act in certain character roles. The video was later taken down and is no longer available.[68][69] In 2014, Parker also stated he would not take roles, such as gay characters, that he considered to be "emasculating".[70] Kate Taylor of The Globe and Mail
The Globe and Mail
described Parker's performance as a novelist with writer’s block in the 2014 film About Alex
About Alex
as one of the more real performances in the film despite the "wrote" feel to the emotional developments.[71] Mike D'Angelo of The A.V. Club also found the crises and conflicts that Parker's character was involved in to be petty.[72] Parker's independent short film #AmeriCan was nominated in the Outstanding Independent Short category at the Black Reel Awards of 2015 and won.[73][74] That same year, Parker reunited with Prince-Bythewood playing the male lead in her film Beyond the Lights. His performance was nominated for a 2015 Black Reel Award for Best Actor and an Image Award for Outstanding Actor in a Motion Picture.[73][75] In Parker's role as a police officer moonlighting as a bodyguard, his onscreen chemistry with co-star Gugu Mbatha-Raw
Gugu Mbatha-Raw
was praised by Dana Stevens of Slate.[76] Stevens noted Parker was destined for more substantive performances.[76] The story was hailed as a well-written believable romance with depth by many critcs such as Travers and Ebiri,[77][78] earning an 82% approval rating at Rotten Tomatoes.[79] In the airplane terrorism mystery film Non-Stop, Parker plays a computer programmer, who by the end of the film, is revealed as one of the two criminal masterminds behind the film's extortion plot.[80][81] Kenneth Turan of the Los Angeles Times
Los Angeles Times
notes that Parker's talents are well-employed in his supporting role.[82][83] In Every Secret Thing, Richard Roeper
Richard Roeper
of the Chicago Sun-Times
Chicago Sun-Times
found Parker and his detective partner to Elizabeth Banks
Elizabeth Banks
to have been overwhelmed in their roles.[84] Travers also found the detectivework to be uncompelling.[85] Frank Scheck of The Hollywood Reporter
The Hollywood Reporter
found Parker's performance to have had its moments.[86] Directing[edit] In 2012, Parker directed a short film called, #AmeriCAN, which featured La La Anthony
La La Anthony
and is a thought piece about growing up as a young black person in a racially-divided America.[87][88] For over seven years, Parker worked on making a film based on the life of Nat Turner.[89] In 2014, he announced that he had funding and was working on assembling his team, and that the film would be called The Birth of a Nation, in an ironic reappropriation of the infamously racist 1915 film of the same name.[2] In addition to writing and directing, Parker cast himself as Turner. Aja Naomi King, Armie Hammer and Gabrielle Union
Gabrielle Union
were also cast in key roles.[90] Due to Birth of a Nation attracted increased scrutiny due to possible Oscar nominations and because the film itself depicts a brutal rape, the 1999 rape allegations against Parker received significant press coverage.[91][92] Fox Searchlight Pictures, the studio releasing the film, went into damage control mode.[93] Gabrielle Union, a rape victim and one of the main stars of The Birth of a Nation, wrote in the Los Angeles Times, "As important and ground-breaking as this film is, I cannot take these allegations lightly."[94] Parker chose to deflect questions about his past legal problems while doing press for The Birth of a Nation
The Birth of a Nation
at the Toronto Film Festival.[95] Shortly thereafter, Parker and his handlers chose to cut press interviews short when questions came up about his involvement with the alleged rape and its impact on the marketing of the film.[96] The sister of Parker's alleged victim said the invention of a rape scene and Parker playing the avenging hero caused her and her family immense pain.[97] To try to change the public backlash, Bron Studios hired The Glover Park Group
The Glover Park Group
and Don McPherson
Don McPherson
to give Parker media training and public relations advice.[98] In an October 2016 60 Minutes interview, Parker maintained that he was innocent of the crime and that he did not feel guilty about it, but conceded that, from the perspective of a 36-year-old man, he had done something morally wrong.[99][100] In August 2016, Parker was honored with the Sundance Institute's Vanguard Award.[101] In evaluating the impact of the public's reaction to Parker's alleged 1999 rape of a fellow Penn State student, a film producer told The Hollywood Reporter, about Parker's directing career, "His inability to act like he cared that people invested a whole lot of money in him — sorry. You go into the 'life is too short' category." Noting that the first half of the New York Times review of The Birth of a Nation
The Birth of a Nation
is taken up with the controversy, this person adds, "No matter what Nate Parker makes, ... this will always be the first paragraph."[98] Other industry insiders note that, "unlike Gibson — or Roman Polanski or Woody Allen, both accused of sexual assault (Polanski pled guilty to unlawful sexual intercourse) — Parker is just beginning his directing career and has not built up an acclaimed body of work that might encourage some to say they are willing to separate the artist from the art."[98] Public charity[edit] Parker sponsors scholarships for youth between the ages of 17 and 25 at East Texas Wiley College
Wiley College
through the 100 Men of Excellence Initiative.[102][103] Wiley has announced it will host a new film school named The Nate Parker
Nate Parker
School of Film and Drama.[41] Parker has been a supporter of Boys & Girls Clubs of America as well as a program called Peace4Kids, which is a program for foster youths and underprivileged youth in South Los Angeles, California where kids are involved in daily activities that stimulate and nurture creativity and intellect.[4] Parker has coached a wrestling team of 10-, 11- and 12-year-olds at Rosemead High School and has assisted in coaching wrestling at Rio Hondo College.[4] Inspired by his experience with The Great Debaters, Parker began working with a Brooklyn initiative called Leadership and Literacy through Debate.[104] Personal life[edit] In August 2007, Parker married Sarah DiSanto, a native of Erie, Pennsylvania, whom he met while they were attending Penn State. They were married in Erie's Frontier Park.[105] The couple have four daughters in addition to another daughter Parker had from a previous relationship.[106][107] Parker has also adopted his sister's son.[88] Parker has said that he considers himself a Christian, and that he grew up in the church.[108] According to a DNA
DNA
analysis, some of Parker's ancestry is from the Tikar people
Tikar people
of modern-day Cameroon.[109] Filmography[edit]

Film

Year Title Role Notes

2005 Dirty Duster

Cruel World Techno

2007 Pride Hakim

The Great Debaters Henry Lowe

2008 Felon Officer Collins

Tunnel Rats Private Jim Lidford

Rome & Jewel Rome

The Secret Life of Bees Neil

2010 Blood Done Sign My Name Ben Chavis

2012 Red Tails Capt. Martin "Easy" Julian

Arbitrage Jimmy Grant

Red Hook Summer Box

2013 Ain't Them Bodies Saints Sweeter

2014 Non-Stop Zack White

About Alex Ben

Every Secret Thing Kevin Jones

Beyond the Lights Kaz Nicol

Eden Slim

2016 The Birth of a Nation Nat Turner Director, writer, producer

Television

Year Series Role Notes

2004 Cold Case R. J. Holden Season 1, episode 22: "The Plan"

2005 Kurtlar vadisi Male Model Season 4, episodes 96 & 97

2006 The Unit Darryl Season 2, episode 11: "Silver Star"

Awards and nominations[edit]

Year Awards Category Recipient Outcome Ref.

2008 NAACP Image Award Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Motion Picture The Great Debaters Nominated

2009 The Secret Life of Bees Nominated

2012 African-American Film Critics Association Best Supporting Actor Arbitrage Won

Hamptons International Film Festival Breakthrough Performer Won

2013 Black Reel Awards Best Supporting Actor Nominated

Outstanding Actor Red Tails Nominated

168 Film Festival Best Actor Lu Won

2014 Black Reel Awards Best Supporting Actor Ain't Them Bodies Saints Nominated

2015 NAACP Image Award Outstanding Actor in a Motion Picture Beyond the Lights Nominated

Black Reel Awards Outstanding Actor Nominated

Best Independent Short #AmeriCan Won

2016 Sundance Film Festival Grand Jury Prize: Dramatic The Birth of a Nation Won

Audience Award: Dramatic Won

CinemaCon Breakthrough Director of the Year Won

References[edit]

^ a b c Tucker, Kyle (December 23, 2007). "Nate Parker: From Hampton Roads to Hollywood". The Virginian-Pilot. Retrieved August 19, 2016.  ^ a b Brown, Emma (April 21, 2014). "Nate Parker's Future Past". Interview. Retrieved August 19, 2016.  ^ Coggan, Devan (January 26, 2016). "Fox Searchlight Buys 'The Birth of a Nation' for Record-Breaking Price". Time. Retrieved August 19, 2016.  ^ a b c Kent, Alexandyr (December 24, 2007). "Louisiana Movies: Glamour, Geeks and Gumbo: 'The Great Debaters' interviews: Nate Parker plays brilliant, volatile mind". Louisiana Movies. Retrieved August 19, 2016.  ^ " Nate Parker
Nate Parker
Statement, Statement of Jean Celestin" (PDF). Deadline.com. August 3, 2016. Retrieved August 17, 2016.  ^ Setoodeh, Ramin (August 12, 2016). "'The Birth of a Nation' Star Nate Parker
Nate Parker
Addresses College Rape
Rape
Trial". Variety. Retrieved August 16, 2016.  ^ Cieply, Michael; Fleming, Jr., Mike (August 12, 2016). "Fox Searchlight, Nate Parker
Nate Parker
Confront Old Sex Case That Could Tarnish 'The Birth Of A Nation'". Deadline.com. Retrieved August 16, 2016.  ^ Buckley, Cara; Kovaleski, Serge F. (August 16, 2016). "1999 Rape Case Swirls Around Nate Parker
Nate Parker
and His Film 'The Birth of a Nation'". The New York Times. Retrieved August 17, 2016.  ^ a b Briquelet, Kate; Nestel, M.L. (August 16, 2016). "Inside the Nate Parker
Nate Parker
Rape
Rape
Case". The Daily Beast. Retrieved August 19, 2016.  ^ "Defendant's Exhibit - Call Excerpt" (PDF). Deadline.com. Retrieved August 19, 2016.  ^ Fuster, Jeremy (October 6, 2016). "'Birth of a Nation' Scandal: Timeline of Nate Parker's Case". The Wrap. Retrieved December 12, 2016.  ^ "Women's Rights Group Filed Rape
Rape
Lawsuit Against Penn State In '02". WTAE-TV. November 22, 2011. Retrieved August 17, 2016.  ^ "Commonwealth vs. Nathaniel E. Parker (No. 1999-2185): Verdict". Deadline.com. October 5, 2001. Retrieved August 19, 2016.  ^ Schogol, Marc (November 29, 2001). "Penn State will let rapist graduate Jean Celestin was convicted of assaulting a female student. He will get a diploma pending an inquiry". Philadelphia Media Network. Retrieved August 17, 2016.  ^ Parcels, Shaun (March 30, 2004). "Former wrestler to serve jail time". The Daily Collegian. Pennsylvania State University. Retrieved August 19, 2016.  ^ "Jane Doe vs. Pennsylvania State University
Pennsylvania State University
(4.02-cv-00369.JEJ)" (PDF). Deadline.com. March 6, 2002. Retrieved August 16, 2016.  ^ "Woman Who Accused Nate Parker
Nate Parker
of Rape
Rape
is Dead, Brother Says". Ebony. August 16, 2016. Retrieved September 14, 2016.  ^ Kovalesky, Jacqueline; Williams, Serge (October 28, 2016). "Nate Parker's Past Surfaces in Prosecutors' Investigation of Penn State". The New York Times. Retrieved October 28, 2016.  ^ " Nate Parker
Nate Parker
Accused of Indecent Exposure in Unearthed College Record". The Hollywood Reporter. October 28, 2016. Retrieved October 28, 2016.  ^ a b "Oklahoma Sooners. Player Profile: Nate Parker". University of Oklahoma. Retrieved August 19, 2016.  ^ Rajotte, Chris (March 26, 2002). "Billman and Parker leave championships pleased". The Daily Collegian. Pennsylvania State University. Retrieved August 19, 2016.  ^ "Wildcat History". Great Bridge Wrestling Club. Archived from the original on March 11, 2003. Retrieved August 19, 2016.  ^ Palmer, Mark (February 6, 2016). "Sundance sensation: Ex-wrestler Parker's 'The Birth of a Nation' film". InterMat. Retrieved August 19, 2016.  ^ "House Joint Resolution No. 450 (JH450ER)". Legislative Information System. Virginia
Virginia
General Assembly. March 14, 1998. Retrieved August 19, 2016.  ^ "BYU Wrestling Aaron Holker vs Nate Parker
Nate Parker
Penn State 133 1999 NCAA Tournament". High School Wrestling Matches. 1999. Retrieved August 19, 2016.  ^ "Nittany Lions Begin Four-Match Road Trip with Loss to Illinois". Centre Daily Times. State College, PA. February 13, 1999. p. 3B. Retrieved August 19, 2016.  ^ "College Wrestling Outlook - Weight-by-Weight (With Last Year's Records in Parentheses)". The Daily Oklahoman. Oklahoma City, OK. November 7, 2001. p. 4D. Retrieved August 19, 2016.  ^ "Amateur Wrestling News Div. I Individual Rankings". TheMat.com. November 30, 2002. Archived from the original on December 3, 2007. Retrieved August 19, 2016.  ^ "Nate the Great". Gotham. May 19, 2010. Retrieved August 19, 2016.  ^ Murphy, Mekado (April 23, 2014). "Tribeca First-Timers: Nate Parker". The New York Times. Retrieved November 5, 2014.  ^ Welkos, Robert W. (December 24, 2007). "No argument, his goal is to be a star". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 8, 2008.  ^ Lee, Nathan (November 28, 2008). "Film In Review; Rome & Jewel". The New York Times. Retrieved September 20, 2016.  ^ Hillis, Aaron (November 26, 2008). "Rome & Jewel's Soapy, Contemporary Take On Shakespeare Not As Good As Baz Luhrmann's". The Village Voice. Retrieved September 20, 2016.  ^ Deerwester, Jayme (March 22, 2007). "'Pride' star dived deep into role". USA Today. Retrieved September 20, 2016.  ^ a b Clark, John (December 22, 2007). " Nate Parker
Nate Parker
stars in 'Great Debaters'". New York Daily News. Retrieved November 8, 2008.  ^ Holden, Stephen (December 25, 2007). "Leading the Charge to Inspire Underdogs". The New York Times. Retrieved November 9, 2008.  ^ Ebert, Roger (December 24, 2007). "The Great Debaters". Retrieved September 20, 2016.  ^ Rich, Katey (December 24, 2007). "The Great Debaters". CinemaBlend.com. Retrieved September 20, 2016.  ^ Smiley, Tavis (January 18, 2008). "Nate Parker, Jurnee Smollett, Denzel Whitaker". Tavis Smiley. PBS. Archived from the original (Transcript only) on February 20, 2008. Retrieved August 19, 2016.  ^ "Denzel Wins Big at NAACP Image Awards". Extra. February 15, 2008. Retrieved December 13, 2008.  ^ a b Obenson, Tambay A. (March 21, 2016). " Nate Parker
Nate Parker
Launches New Film School at Historically Black Wiley College
Wiley College
(Home of The Great Debaters)". IndieWire. Retrieved September 20, 2016.  ^ Wells, Jeffrey (November 20, 2007). " Nate Parker
Nate Parker
has it". Hollywood-elsewhere.com. Retrieved September 20, 2016.  ^ Stimson, Ella (November 4, 2008). "Felon". The National. Retrieved September 20, 2016.  ^ Rickey, Carrie (October 17, 2008). "'Secret Life of Bees': Honey with a sting". Philly.com. Retrieved September 20, 2016.  ^ Hammond, Pete (October 18, 2008). "The Secret Life of Bees Review". Hollywood.com. Retrieved September 20, 2016.  ^ Rodriguez, Rene (October 17, 2008). "The Secret Life of Bees (PG-13) **: All sugar -- and very little spice". Miami Herald. Retrieved September 20, 2016.  ^ Huguenin, Patrick (October 10, 2008). "'Secret Life of Bees' star Alicia Keys' hive of activity". New York Daily News. Retrieved September 20, 2016.  ^ Scott, A. O. (October 16, 2008). "A Golden Dollop of Motherly Comfort". The New York Times. Retrieved August 19, 2016.  ^ a b Rea, Steven (February 19, 2010). "Brutal look at the South in the days of Jim Crow". Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved September 22, 2016.  ^ Cheshire, Godfrey (February 12, 2010). "North Carolina as It Was, Split and Seething". The New York Times. Retrieved September 20, 2016.  ^ a b c Scott, A. O. (February 18, 2010). "A Town Torn Asunder by Racial Killing in '70". The New York Times. Retrieved September 22, 2016.  ^ a b Ebert, Roger (February 17, 2010). "Blood Done Sign My Name". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved September 22, 2016.  ^ Smith, Kyle (February 19, 2010). "Blood done sign my name". New York Post. Retrieved September 22, 2016.  ^ Phillips, Michael (February 18, 2010). "'Blood Done Sign My Name' could use a little more of the human touch". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved September 22, 2016.  ^ Lumenick, Lou (January 20, 2016). "'Tail' blazers". New York Post. Retrieved September 22, 2016.  ^ a b Morris, Wesley (January 20, 2012). "Red Tails: 'Red Tails' tends to stall when it is in the air". The Boston Globe. Retrieved September 22, 2016.  ^ Travers, Peter (January 27, 2016). "Red Tails". Rolling Stone. Retrieved September 22, 2016.  ^ Phillips, Michael (January 19, 2012). "Heroism loses to Hollywood in 'Red Tails' — 2 stars". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved September 23, 2016.  ^ Ebiri, Bilge (January 19, 2012). "Movie Review: The Lifeless Red Tails". New York. Retrieved September 23, 2016.  ^ a b Holden, Stephen (January 19, 2012). "Pilots Who Fought to Soar Above Racism". The New York Times. Retrieved September 23, 2016.  ^ Denby, David (2012-09-24). "Risky Business: "End of Watch" and "Arbitrage."". The New Yorker. Retrieved 2016-10-01.  ^ Burr, Ty (2012-09-13). "'Arbitrage': When bad things happen to very rich people". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 2016-10-01.  ^ Travers, Peter (2012-09-13). "Arbitrage". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2016-10-01.  ^ Phillips, Michael (August 23, 2012). "'Red Hook Summer': Spike Lee summers in Brooklyn, again ★★ 1/2". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved October 1, 2016.  ^ Smith, Kyle (September 10, 2012). " Spike Lee
Spike Lee
does the wrong thing". New York Post. Retrieved October 1, 2016.  ^ Brody, Richard (August 15, 2013). "DAVID LOWERY'S "AIN'T THEM BODIES SAINTS"". The New Yorker. Retrieved October 2, 2016.  ^ Scott, A. O. (August 15, 2013). "A Ballad for Those Lost in Love and in Pride: 'Ain't Them Bodies Saints' Examines Honor and Sacrifice". The New York Times. Retrieved October 2, 2016.  ^ Arceneaux, Michael (September 26, 2014). "That's Not How It Works, Nate Parker, That's Not How Any of This Works!". Ebony. Retrieved February 18, 2018.  ^ Marron, Dylan (March 11, 2016). "The Impossibility & Necessity of Queer Men of Color on Screen". Every Single Word. Retrieved August 20, 2016.  ^ Victorian, Brande (July 11, 2014). "Nate Parker: I Refuse To Be Emasculated Onscreen". Madame Noire. Retrieved August 20, 2016.  ^ Taylor, Kate (August 8, 2014). "About Alex: The Big Chill redux". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved October 2, 2016.  ^ D'Angelo, Mike (August 7, 2014). " About Alex
About Alex
shows why a millennial Big Chill makes little sense". The A.V. Club. Retrieved October 2, 2016.  ^ a b "AND THE NOMINEES ARE . ." BlackReelAwards.com. December 17, 2014. Retrieved October 2, 2016.  ^ Minow, Nell. "Black Reel Awards: Selma Ties the Record". Beliefnet.com. Archived from the original on February 21, 2015. Retrieved October 2, 2016.  ^ Gettell, Oliver (December 9, 2014). "'Selma' leads NAACP Image Awards nominations with eight". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 2, 2016.  ^ a b Stevens, Dana (November 14, 2014). "The Ballad of Kaz and Noni". Slate. Retrieved October 3, 2016.  ^ Travers, Peter (November 13, 2014). "Beyond the Lights: A suicidal superstar and an earnest cop bond in this surprisingly spot-on musical drama". Rolling Stone. Retrieved October 3, 2016.  ^ Ebiri, Bilge (November 14, 2014). "The Magnificent Beyond the Lights Reminds Us What a Great Romantic Drama Looks Like". New York. Retrieved October 3, 2016.  ^ "Beyond the Lights". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved October 3, 2016.  ^ Edelstein, David (February 28, 2014). "Edelstein on the Entertaining B-Movie Mayhem of Non-Stop". New York. Retrieved October 4, 2016.  ^ Corliss, Richard (February 28, 2014). "Non-Stop: Liam Neeson's Bumpy Flight: The grizzled action star gets Taken for a ride by a crafty terrorist in this so-so thriller". Time. Retrieved October 4, 2016.  ^ Turan, Kenneth (February 27, 2014). "Review: Force is with Liam Neeson in 'Non-Stop's' airborne whodunit". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 4, 2016.  ^ Duralde, Alonso (February 26, 2014). "'Non-Stop' Review: Liam Neeson Kicks Ass on a Plane Full of Red Herrings (Video)". TheWrap. Retrieved October 4, 2016.  ^ Roeper, Richard. "EVERY SECRET THING (2015; RATED Rated R)". RichardRoeper.com. Retrieved October 3, 2014.  ^ Travers, Peter (May 14, 2015). "Every Secret Thing: A missing-baby case haunts a small town in this indie mystery". Rolling Stone. Retrieved October 3, 2016.  ^ Scheck, Frank (April 22, 2014). "Every Secret Thing: Tribeca Review". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved October 3, 2016.  ^ Diaz, Evelyn (October 30, 2014). "Watch Nate Parker's Short Film #AmeriCAN". BET. Retrieved August 19, 2016.  ^ a b Smiley, Tavis; Parker, Nate; Purdie-Vaughns, Valerie (November 10, 2014). "Actor Nate Parker
Nate Parker
& Psychologist Dr. Valerie Purdie-Vaughns". Tavis Smiley. Retrieved August 19, 2016.  ^ Wheat, Alynda (February 3, 2016). "Oscars 2017? Star-Turned-Director Nate Parker
Nate Parker
on How His Bold Movie about Slavery Became a 'Miracle' Success". People. Retrieved August 19, 2016.  ^ McNary, Dave (April 9, 2015). " Aja Naomi King
Aja Naomi King
Joins Armie Hammer
Armie Hammer
in Nat Turner
Nat Turner
Movie". Variety. Retrieved April 10, 2015.  ^ Briquelet, Kate; Nestel, M.L. (August 16, 2016). "Inside the Nate Parker Rape
Rape
Case". The Daily Beast. Retrieved August 19, 2016.  ^ Morales, Wilson (August 17, 2016). "Wilson Morales: Nate Parker Outrage Doesn't Pass the Smell Test (Guest Column)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved August 17, 2016.  ^ "Commonwealth vs. Nathaniel E. Parker (No. 1999-2185): Verdict". Deadline.com. October 5, 2001. Retrieved August 19, 2016.  ^ Union, Gabrielle (September 2, 2016). "'Birth of a Nation' actress Gabrielle Union: I cannot take Nate Parker
Nate Parker
rape allegations lightly". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 18, 2018.  ^ Buckley, Cara (September 12, 2016). " Nate Parker
Nate Parker
Deflects Questions About His Past to Push 'The Birth of a Nation' in Toronto". The New York Times. Retrieved February 18, 2018.  ^ " Nate Parker
Nate Parker
Interview Cut Short After Rape
Rape
Question".  ^ Loeffler, Sharon (September 29, 2016). "Nate Parker's 'Birth of a Nation' Exploits My Sister All Over Again (Guest Column)". Variety. Retrieved October 9, 2016.  ^ a b c "Nate Parker's Failed Media Tour: Anger, No Remorse and Oprah's Advice Ignored". Retrieved October 9, 2016.  ^ Pearl, Diana (October 8, 2016). "A Complete Timeline of the Nate Parker Rape
Rape
Allegations and the Production of Birth of a Nation". People. Retrieved October 9, 2016.  ^ Pulver, Andrew (December 9, 2016). "Mel Gibson defends Nate Parker: "I don't think it's fair"". The Guardian. Retrieved February 18, 2018.  ^ " Nate Parker
Nate Parker
to Receive Sundance Institute
Sundance Institute
Vanguard Award at Night Before Next Benefit, August 11". Sundance Institute. June 28, 2016. Retrieved August 19, 2016.  ^ Leoffler, Kim (March 18, 2016). "Filmmaker to start new school at Wiley College". KTLV-TV. Retrieved August 19, 2016.  ^ Sangweni, Yolanda (August 8, 2012). "Exclusive: Nate Parker
Nate Parker
on His First Spike Lee
Spike Lee
Joint, 'Red Hook Summer,' and Loving Brooklyn". Essence. Retrieved August 19, 2016.  ^ Minow, Nell (November 2014). "Interview: Nate Parker
Nate Parker
of "Beyond the Lights"". Beliefnet. Retrieved August 19, 2016.  ^ "Actor with Erie ties to appear on 'Oprah'". Erie Times-News. November 24, 2007. Retrieved August 19, 2016.  ^ Nessif, Bruna; Malkin, Marc (August 4, 2016). "Birth of a Nation Star Nate Parker
Nate Parker
Welcomes Baby No. 4". E!. Retrieved August 19, 2016.  ^ Miller, Michael (August 18, 2016). "Inside Nate Parker's Troubled Childhood and Rise to Hollywood After College Rape
Rape
Case". People. Retrieved August 19, 2016.  ^ Wilkinson, Alissa (August 11, 2016). "A Conversation with Nate Parker about 'The Birth of a Nation'". Christianity Today. Retrieved August 19, 2016.  ^ "Hidden Ancestry Revealed! ft. Nate Parker
Nate Parker
and Taraji Henson #KnowYourHeritage". The Africa Channel. January 31, 2012. Retrieved August 19, 2016. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Nate Parker
Nate Parker
at Wikimedia Commons Nate Parker
Nate Parker
on IMDb Nate Parker
Nate Parker
on Twitter
Twitter
Nate Parker
Nate Parker
Foundation

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 9655536 LCCN: no2008072609 ISNI: 0000 0000 5052 8453 GND: 1028099304 BNF: cb1698

.