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Narva
Narva
(Russian: Нарва) is the third largest city in Estonia. It is located at the eastern extreme point of Estonia, at the Russian border, on the Narva River
Narva River
which drains Lake Peipus.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Early history 1.2 The Middle Ages 1.3 Swedish and Russian rule 1.4 20th century 1.5 Recent history

2 Demographics 3 Geography and climate

3.1 Neighbourhoods

4 Landmarks 5 Transportation 6 Notable residents 7 International relations

7.1 Twin towns — Sister cities

8 References 9 External links

History[edit] Early history[edit] People settled in the area from the 5th to 4th millennium BC, as witnessed by the archeological traces of the Narva
Narva
culture, named after the city.[1] The fortified settlement at Narva
Narva
Joaoru is the oldest known in Estonia, dated to around 1000 BC.[2] The earliest written reference of Narva
Narva
is in the First Novgorod
Novgorod
Chronicle, which in the year 1172 describes a district in Novgorod
Novgorod
called Nerevsky or Narovsky konets (yard). According to historians, this name derives from the name of Narva
Narva
or Narva River
Narva River
and indicates that a frequently used trade route went through Narva, although there is no evidence of the existence of a trading settlement at the time.[3] The Middle Ages[edit] The favourable location at the crossing of trade routes and the Narva River was behind the founding of Narva castle
Narva castle
and the development of an urban settlement around it. The castle was founded during the Danish rule of northern Estonia
Estonia
during the second half of the 13th century, the earliest written record of the castle is from 1277.[4] Narvia village is mentioned in the Danish Census Book already in 1241. A town developed around the stronghold and in 1345 obtained Lübeck City Rights from Danish king Valdemar IV.[5] The castle and surrounding town of Narva
Narva
became a possession of the Livonian Order
Livonian Order
in 1346, after the Danish king sold its lands in Northern Estonia. In 1492 Ivangorod fortress
Ivangorod fortress
across the Narva River
Narva River
was established by Ivan III of Moscow. Trade, particularly Hanseatic long distance trade remained Narva's raison d'être throughout the Middle Ages.[4] However, due to opposition from Tallinn, Narva
Narva
itself never became part of the Hanseatic League
Hanseatic League
and also remained a very small town – its population in 1530 is estimated at 600–750 people.[4] Swedish and Russian rule[edit]

Swedish Lion Monument in Narva

Captured by the Russians
Russians
during the Livonian War
Livonian War
in 1558, for a short period Narva
Narva
became an important port and trading city for Russia, trans-shipping goods from Pskov
Pskov
and Novgorod. Russian rule ended in 1581 when the Swedes under the command of Pontus De la Gardie conquered the city and it became part of Sweden. During the Russo-Swedish War (1590–1595), when Arvid Stålarm was governor, Russian forces attempted to re-gain the city without success (Treaty of Teusina, May 1595). During the Swedish rule the Old Town of Narva
Narva
was built. Following a big fire in 1659, which almost completely destroyed the town, only stone buildings were allowed to be built in the central part of the town. Incomes from flourishing trade allowed rebuilding of the town center in two decades.[5] The baroque Old Town underwent practically no changes until World War II and became in later centuries quite famous all over Europe.[citation needed] Towards the end of Swedish rule the defence structures of Narva
Narva
were greatly improved – beginning in 1680s, an outstanding system of bastions, planned by the renowned Swedish military engineer Erik Dahlbergh, was built around the town. The new defence structures were among the most powerful in Northern Europe.[5]

Peter I of Russia
Russia
pacifies his marauding troops after taking Narva
Narva
in 1704 by Nikolay Sauerweid, 1859

During the Great Northern War
Great Northern War
of 1700–1721, Narva
Narva
became the setting for the first great battle between the forces of King Charles XII of Sweden
Sweden
and Tsar Peter I of Russia
Russia
(November 1700). Although outnumbered four to one, the Swedish forces routed their 40,000-strong opponent. Russia
Russia
subsequently conquered the city in 1704.

View of Narva
Narva
in the 1750s

After the war, the bastions were renovated. Narva
Narva
remained in the list of Russian fortifications until 1863, though there was no real military need for it.[5] During Russian rule Narva
Narva
formed part of the Saint Petersburg
Saint Petersburg
Governorate. In the middle of the 19th century, Narva
Narva
started to develop into a major industrial town. Ludwig Knoop
Ludwig Knoop
established the Krenholm Manufacturing Company in 1857. The factory could use the cheap energy of the powerful Narva
Narva
waterfalls, and at the end of the century became, with about 10,000 workers, one of the largest cotton mills in Europe and the world.[6] In 1872, Krenholm Manufacturing became the site of the first strike in Estonia.[7] At the end of the 19th century, Narva
Narva
was the leading industrial town in Estonia
Estonia
– 41% of industrial workers in Estonia
Estonia
worked in Narva, compared to 33% in Tallinn.[7] The first railway in Estonia, completed in 1870, connected Narva
Narva
to Saint Petersburg
Saint Petersburg
and to Tallinn.

The Resurrection of Christ Cathedral, Narva
Resurrection of Christ Cathedral, Narva
(constructed 1890–1896)

In August 1890, Narva
Narva
was the site of a key meeting between German Kaiser Wilhelm II
Wilhelm II
and Russian Tsar Alexander III. 20th century[edit] The status of Narva
Narva
was finally resolved in a July 1917 referendum, when the district population, now roughly equally divided between ethnic Russians
Russians
and Estonians, voted to attach itself to the newly autonomous and soon to be independent republic of Estonia.[8] Narva became part of an independent Estonia
Estonia
in 1918, at the end of World War I. The town saw fighting during the Estonian War of Independence. The war started in Narva
Narva
on 28 November 1918, on the next day the city was captured by the Red Army. Russia
Russia
retained control of the city until 19 January 1919.[9]

A 1929 plan of Narva
Narva
(including Ivangorod, part of Narva
Narva
at the time)

Heavy battles occurred in and around Narva
Narva
in World War II. The city was damaged in the German invasion of 1941 and by smaller air raids throughout the war, but remained relatively intact until February 1944.[10] However, as the focus of the Battle of Narva, the city was destroyed by Soviet bombardment and fires and explosions set by retreating German troops.[11] The most devastating action was the bombing raids of 6th and 7 March 1944 by the Soviet Air Force, which destroyed the baroque old town.[5][10] By the end of July 98% of Narva
Narva
had been destroyed.[10] After the war, most of the buildings could have been restored as the walls of the houses still existed, but in early 1950s the Soviet authorities decided to demolish the ruins to make room for apartment buildings.[10][12] Only three buildings remain of the old town, including the Baroque-style Town Hall.[13] The civilian casualties of the bombing were low as the German forces had evacuated the city in January 1944. The original native inhabitants were not allowed to return to Narva after the war and immigrant Russian-speaking workers from other parts of the USSR were brought in to populate the city.[10] The main reason behind this was a plan to build a secret uranium processing plant in the city, which would turn Narva
Narva
into a closed town.[12] Although already in 1947 nearby Sillamäe
Sillamäe
was selected as the location of the factory instead of Narva, the existence of such a plan was decisive for the development of Narva
Narva
in the first post-war years and thus also shaped its later evolution.[14] The planned uranium factory and other large-scale industrial developments, like the restoring of Kreenholm Manufacture, were the driving force behind the influx of internal migrants from other parts of the Soviet Union, mainly Russia.[14] In January 1945 Ivangorod, a town across the river which was founded in 1492 by Tsar Ivan III of Russia, was separated from Narva
Narva
and was made part of the Leningrad Oblast
Leningrad Oblast
in the Russian SFSR. Ivangorod received the official status of town in 1954.

Recent history[edit]

The Town Hall, surrounded by Soviet-era apartment blocks, is one of the few buildings which were restored after World War II.

When Estonia
Estonia
regained its independence in 1991, Narva
Narva
again became a border city. Local leaders, holdovers from the Soviet era, wanted autonomy, and contended that the notion of a breakaway 'Transnarovan SSR' republic in northeastern Estonia
Estonia
was becoming increasingly popular, but this was contradicted by polls showing 87% of the region's population opposed secession from Estonia.[8] In 1993, dissatisfaction with newly enacted citizenship and election laws (non-citizens were not allowed to hold office) culminated in the Narva referendum of 16–17 July 1993, which proposed autonomy for Narva
Narva
and Sillamäe, a nearby town.[8] 97% voted in favor of the referendum, though turnout in Narva
Narva
was 55% and there were credible charges of vote rigging.[8] Russian residents nowadays are happy with their status as Estonian citizens and live peacefully alongside their compatriots.[15]

View of Narva
Narva
in 2014

After 1991, there have also been disputes about the Estonian-Russian border in the Narva
Narva
area, as the new constitution of Estonia
Estonia
(adopted in 1992) recognizes the 1920 Treaty of Tartu
Tartu
border to be currently legal. The Russian Federation, however, considers Estonia
Estonia
to be a successor of the Estonian SSR
Estonian SSR
and recognizes the 1945 border between two former national republics. Officially, Estonia
Estonia
has no territorial claims in the area, and [16][17][18] which was also reflected in the new Estonian-Russian border treaty signed in Moscow in May 18, 2005. Russia
Russia
didn't ratify it because together with the ratification Estonian parliament approved a communiqué which reminded of Soviet Occupation. In February 18, 2014 a new border treaty was signed by both countries. The treaty must still be ratified by the parliaments of both Russia
Russia
and Estonia.[19] Demographics[edit] On 1 January 2013 Narva's population was 62,078, down from 64,667 inhabitants two years earlier.[20][21] The population was 83,000 in 1992.[22] 93.85% of the current population of Narva
Narva
are Russian-speakers, and 82% are ethnic Russians.[21] Most non-Estonians are ethnically Russian, Belarusian or Ukrainian immigrants or the children of immigrants, though 69% of Narva
Narva
residents in the early 1990s had been born in Narva
Narva
or had lived there for more than 30 years.[8] Ethnic Estonians
Estonians
accounted for 3.86% of total population.[21] Much of the city was destroyed during World War II and for several years during the following reconstruction the Soviet authorities largely prohibited return of Narva's pre-war residents (among whom ethnic Estonians
Estonians
had been the majority, forming 64.8% of the town's population of 23,512 according to the 1934 census[23]), thus radically altering the city's ethnic composition.[7] Nevertheless, ethnic Russians
Russians
had already formed a significant minority: 29.7% of the city's population were Russian in the census of 1934. 46.7% of the city's inhabitants are Estonian citizens, 36.3% are citizens of the Russian Federation, while 15.3% of the population has undefined citizenship.[20] A concern in Narva
Narva
is the spread of HIV, which infected 1.2% of Estonia's population in 2012.[24] Between 2001 and 2008, more than 1600 cases of HIV were registered in Narva, making it one of the worst areas in Estonia, alongside Tallinn
Tallinn
and the rest of Ida-Viru County.[25] The HIV infection rate in Estonia
Estonia
declined in 2014, with 59 new cases in Narva.[26]

Panorama of western part of the city

Geography and climate[edit] Narva
Narva
is situated in the eastern extreme point of Estonia, 200 km (124 mi) to the east from the Estonian capital Tallinn
Tallinn
and 130 km (81 mi) southwest from Saint Petersburg. The capital of Ida-Viru County, Jõhvi, lies 50 km (31 mi) to the west. The eastern border of the city along the Narva River
Narva River
coincides with the Estonian-Russian border. The Estonian part of the Narva
Narva
Reservoir lies mostly within the territory of Narva, to the southwest of city center. The mouth of the Narva River
Narva River
to the Gulf of Finland
Gulf of Finland
is about 13 km (8 mi) downstream from the city. The territory of Narva
Narva
is 84.54 square kilometres (32.64 sq mi). The city proper has an area of 62 square kilometres (24 sq mi) (excluding the reservoir), while two separate districts surrounded by Vaivara Parish, Kudruküla and Olgina, cover 5.6 km2 (2.16 sq mi) and 0.58 km2 (0.22 sq mi), respectively.[27] Kudruküla is the largest of Narva's dacha regions, located 6 km (4 mi) to northwest from the main city, near Narva-Jõesuu.

Climate data for Narva
Narva
(1971–2000)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 8.6 (47.5) 10.6 (51.1) 16.0 (60.8) 25.7 (78.3) 30.1 (86.2) 32.7 (90.9) 33.0 (91.4) 34.0 (93.2) 29.9 (85.8) 21.0 (69.8) 11.5 (52.7) 8.3 (46.9) 34.0 (93.2)

Average high °C (°F) −3.2 (26.2) −3.1 (26.4) 1.6 (34.9) 8.7 (47.7) 15.7 (60.3) 19.9 (67.8) 21.7 (71.1) 20.2 (68.4) 14.4 (57.9) 8.3 (46.9) 2.0 (35.6) −1.4 (29.5) 8.7 (47.7)

Daily mean °C (°F) −5.8 (21.6) −6.2 (20.8) −2.0 (28.4) 4.0 (39.2) 10.1 (50.2) 14.8 (58.6) 16.9 (62.4) 15.4 (59.7) 10.3 (50.5) 5.4 (41.7) −0.1 (31.8) −3.8 (25.2) 4.9 (40.8)

Average low °C (°F) −8.9 (16) −9.7 (14.5) −5.4 (22.3) −0.1 (31.8) 4.4 (39.9) 9.3 (48.7) 11.7 (53.1) 10.7 (51.3) 6.3 (43.3) 2.5 (36.5) −2.5 (27.5) −6.7 (19.9) 0.9 (33.6)

Record low °C (°F) −37.3 (−35.1) −37.4 (−35.3) −27.8 (−18) −13.7 (7.3) −5.8 (21.6) −0.9 (30.4) 2.6 (36.7) −0.5 (31.1) −5.4 (22.3) −12.4 (9.7) −22.9 (−9.2) −42.6 (−44.7) −42.6 (−44.7)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 36 (1.42) 28 (1.1) 33 (1.3) 32 (1.26) 43 (1.69) 62 (2.44) 75 (2.95) 89 (3.5) 76 (2.99) 72 (2.83) 54 (2.13) 47 (1.85) 646 (25.43)

Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 11 8 9 8 7 9 10 11 12 13 14 12 124

Average relative humidity (%) 86 84 79 72 67 73 76 79 83 84 87 87 80

Mean monthly sunshine hours 29.6 60.3 123.9 178.4 274.5 284.0 286.7 231.0 133.2 76.0 26.8 16.5 1,718.7

Source: Estonian Weather Service[28][29][30]

Neighbourhoods[edit]

Neighbourhoods of Narva

Narva
Narva
is officially divided into 15 neighbourhoods, which carry no administrative purposes. Their names and borders are defined. The neighbourhoods are: Elektrijaama, Joaoru, Kalevi, Kerese, Kreenholmi, Kudruküla, Kulgu, Olgina, Paemurru, Pähklimäe, Siivertsi, Soldina, Sutthoffi, Vanalinn and Veekulgu. Landmarks[edit]

The reconstructed fortress of Narva
Narva
(to the left) overlooking the Russian fortress of Ivangorod
Ivangorod
(to the right).

See also: Hermann Castle Narva
Narva
is dominated by the 15th-century castle, with the 51-metre-high Long Hermann tower as its most prominent landmark. The sprawling complex of the Kreenholm
Kreenholm
Manufacture, located in the proximity of scenic waterfalls, is one of the largest textile mills of 19th-century Northern Europe. Other notable buildings include Swedish mansions of the 17th century, a Baroque
Baroque
town hall (1668–71), and remains of Erik Dahlberg's fortifications.[citation needed] Across the Narva River
Narva River
is the Russian Ivangorod
Ivangorod
fortress, founded by Grand Prince Ivan III of Muscovy in 1492 and known in Western sources as Counter-Narva. During the Soviet times Narva
Narva
and Ivangorod
Ivangorod
were twin cities, despite belonging to different republics. Before World War II, Ivangorod
Ivangorod
(Estonian: Jaanilinn) was administrated as part of Narva. Narva Kreenholmi Stadium is home to Meistriliiga
Meistriliiga
football team, FC Narva
Narva
Trans. Transportation[edit] Narva
Narva
is on the international railway line between Estonia
Estonia
and Russia. There is one daily international passenger train linking the two countries; the overnight train between Moscow via St Petersburg to Tallinn
Tallinn
calls at Narva
Narva
(http://www.gorail.ee/en/timetable/). There are also three daily domestic trains between Narva
Narva
and Tallinn
Tallinn
operated by Elron. The trains has recently (2016) been renewed and now take less than 3 hours from Narva
Narva
to Tallinn, with free WiFi on board. Timetable and information: http://elron.ee/en/ Adjustent to central rail station, a central bus station is located. It has multiple domestic and international connections (incl Russia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Belarus
Belarus
etc). For timetable and information: https://www.tpilet.ee/en/timetable/tallinn/narva Close to the city there is a general aviation grass airfield (ICAO: EENA) Notable residents[edit]

Evert Horn (1585–1615), governor of Narva
Narva
(1613) Albert Üksip (1886–1966), botanist Emmanuel Steinschneider (1886–1970), one of the top USSR infectious diseases specialists, professor. William Kleesmann Matthews (1901–1958), linguist, translator and writer Friedrich Lustig (1912–1989), Buddhist monk Nikolai Stepulov
Nikolai Stepulov
(1913–1968), Olympic boxer Kersti Merilaas (1913–1986), poet, playwright Paul Keres
Paul Keres
(1916–1975), chess grandmaster Paul Felix Schmidt (1916–1984), chess player Ortvin Sarapu
Ortvin Sarapu
(1924–1999), chess player Valeri Karpin
Valeri Karpin
(born 1969), Russian football player Maksim Gruznov (1974), football player Tatyana Izotova (1975), singer Jelena Juzvik (1976), singer Reinar Hallik (1984), basketball player Leo Komarov
Leo Komarov
(1987), NHL hockey player

International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Estonia Twin towns — Sister cities[edit] Narva
Narva
is twinned with:

Elbląg, Poland Ivangorod, Russia Karlskoga, Sweden[22] Lahti, Finland Tinglev, Denmark[22] Donetsk, Ukraine Nerva, Spain Barysaw, Belarus

References[edit]

^ "History of Narva: Formation of city". Narva
Narva
Museum. Retrieved 19 March 2009.  ^ Kriiska, Aivar; Lavento, Mika (2006). " Narva
Narva
Joaoru asulakohalt leitud keraamika kõrbekihi AMS-dateeringud". Narva
Narva
Muuseumi toimetised (in Estonian, English, and Russian) (6).  ^ Raik, Katri (2005). "Miks pidada linna, eriti Narva
Narva
sünnipäeva?". Narva
Narva
Muuseumi toimetised (in Estonian) (5).  ^ a b c Kivimäe, Jüri (2004). "Medieval Narva: Featuring a Small Town between East and West". In Brüggemann, Karsten. Narva
Narva
and the Baltic Sea Region. Narva: Narva
Narva
College of the University of Tartu. ISBN 9985-4-0417-3.  ^ a b c d e "History of Narva: Narva
Narva
fortifications and Narva
Narva
Castle". Narva
Narva
Museum. Retrieved 19 March 2009.  ^ "History of Narva: Timeline". Narva
Narva
Museum. Retrieved 25 March 2009.  ^ a b c Raun, Toivo U. (2001). Estonia
Estonia
and the Estonians. Stanford, United States: Hoover Institution Press, Stanford University. ISBN 0-8179-2852-9.  ^ a b c d e Batt, Judy; Wolczuk, Kataryna, eds. (2002). Region, state and identity in Central and Eastern Europe. London, Portland: Frank Cass Publishers. p. 222. ISBN 0-7146-5243-1. Retrieved 12 November 2009.  ^ Нарва: культурно-исторический справочник [Narva: kulturno-istoricheskiy spravochnik] (in Russian). Narva: Narva
Narva
Museum. 2001.  ^ a b c d e Kattago, Siobhan (2008). "Commemorating Liberation and Occupation: War Memorials Along the Road to Narva". Journal of Baltic Studies. 39 (4): 431–449. doi:10.1080/01629770802461225.  ^ Old town: Expansion and Tragedy ^ a b Faure, Gunter; Mensing, Teresa (2012). The Estonians; The long road to independence. Lulu. p. 23. ISBN 9781105530036.  ^ "History of Narva: The Old Town of Narva". Narva
Narva
Museum. Retrieved 19 March 2009.  ^ a b Vseviov, David (2001). Nõukogudeaegne Narva. Elanikkonna kujunemine 1944–1970 (in Estonian and Russian). Tartu: Okupatsioonide Repressiivpoliitika Uurimise Riiklik Komisjon.  ^ "Katri Raik: Eesti, Venemaa... Ei, ikka Eesti". Delfi.  ^ " Estonia
Estonia
and Russia: Treaties". Estonian Foreign Ministry. Archived from the original on 2 January 2011. Retrieved 12 November 2009. Estonia
Estonia
sticks to its former position that it has no territorial claims with respect to Russia, and Narva
Narva
presently sits peacefully within Estonia's borders. As such, Estonia
Estonia
sees no obstacles for the entry into force of the current treaty.  ^ Berg, Eiki. "Milleks meile idapiir ja ilma lepinguta?". Eesti Päevaleht (in Estonian). Retrieved 27 September 2009.  ^ "Enn Eesmaa: väide Petseri-soovist on ennekõike provokatiivne". Eesti Päevaleht
Eesti Päevaleht
(in Estonian). Retrieved 27 September 2009.  ^ "After 20 years, Russia
Russia
and Estonia
Estonia
sign border treaty". Reuters.  ^ a b Narva
Narva
in figures 2013 ^ a b c " Narva
Narva
in figures 2010" (PDF). Narva
Narva
City Government. Retrieved 29 November 2011.  ^ a b c " Narva
Narva
in figures 2008" (PDF). Narva
Narva
City Government. Retrieved 12 November 2009.  ^ Rahvastiku koostis ja korteriolud. 1.III 1934 rahvaloenduse andmed. Vihk II (in Estonian and French). Tallinn: Riigi Statistika Keskbüroo. 1935. hdl:10062/4439.  ^ Why Europe’s Healthiest Economy Has Its Worst Drug Problem ^ HIV statistics for Estonia: 2001–2006, 2007[permanent dead link], 2008[permanent dead link] ^ HIV infection rate slows in Estonia ^ Narva
Narva
LV Arhitektuuri- ja Linnaplaneerimise Amet Archived 28 August 2008 at the Wayback Machine. (in Estonian) ^ "Kliimanormid-Õhutemperatuur" (in Estonian). Estonian Weather Service. Archived from the original on 22 February 2012. Retrieved 24 September 2016. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) ^ "Kliimanormid-Sademed, õhuniiskus" (in Estonian). Estonian Weather Service. Archived from the original on 22 February 2012. Retrieved 24 September 2016. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) ^ "Kliimanormid-Päikesepaiste kestus" (in Estonian). Estonian Weather Service. Archived from the original on 22 February 2012. Retrieved 24 September 2016. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Narva.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Narva.

Narva
Narva
– Official site

v t e

Cities and towns (Linnad) of Estonia

Abja-Paluoja Antsla Elva Haapsalu Jõgeva Jõhvi Kallaste Kärdla Karksi-Nuia Kehra Keila Kilingi-Nõmme Kiviõli Kohtla-Järve Kunda Kuressaare Lihula Loksa Maardu Mõisaküla Mustvee Narva Narva-Jõesuu Otepää Paide Paldiski Pärnu Põltsamaa Põlva Püssi Rakvere Räpina Rapla Saue Sillamäe Sindi Suure-Jaani Tallinn Tamsalu Tapa Tartu Tõrva Türi Valga Viljandi Võhma Võru

Jaanilinn (Ivangorod) and Petseri (Pechory) were annexed by the Soviet Union in 1945 and are currently part of Russia.

v t e

Municipalities of Ida-Viru County

Urban municipalities

Kohtla-Järve Narva Narva-Jõesuu Sillamäe

Rural municipalities

Alutaguse Jõhvi Lüganuse Toila

v t e

Narva
Narva
landmarks

Buildings and structures

Town Hall Hermann Castle Narva
Narva
Bastions (Victoria Bastion) The Swedish Lion Monument Cathedral of the Resurrection of Christ Alexander's Cathedral Narva
Narva
Power Plants

Precincts

Old Town Kreenholm

Nature and parks

Narva
Narva
River Narva
Narva
Cascades Dark Garden

Beaches

Joaoru Beach

Cultural institutions

Narva
Narva
Museum Ilmarine Theatre Narva
Narva
Art Gallery

Science and education

Narva
Narva
College of the University of Tartu Narva
Narva
Vocational Training Centre

Sports

Narva
Narva
Kreenholmi Stadium

Transportation

Railway station Bus

v t e

Placename toponym Narva

Outpost in St. Petersburg Narva
Narva
Triumphal Gate Subway station Square

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 136049

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