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Narada
Narada
(Sanskrit: नारद, Nārada) is a Vedic sage, famous in Hindu traditions as a traveling musician and storyteller, who carries news and enlightening wisdom.[1][2] He appears in a number of Hindu texts, notably the Mahabharata
Mahabharata
and the Ramayana, as well as in the mythologies of the Puranas.[2] In Indian texts, Narada
Narada
travels to distant worlds and realms (Sanskrit: lokas). He is depicted carrying a khartal and tambura with the name Mahathi and is generally regarded as one of the great masters of the ancient musical instrument. This instrument is known by the name "mahathi"[3][4] which he uses to accompany his singing of hymns, prayers and mantras. In the Vaishnavism
Vaishnavism
tradition of Hinduism, he is presented as a sage with devotion to Lord Vishnu. Narada
Narada
is described as both wise and mischievous, in humorous tales. Vaishnav enthusiasts depict him as a pure, elevated soul who glorifies Vishnu
Vishnu
through his devotional songs, singing the names Hari
Hari
and Narayana, and therein demonstrating bhakti yoga. The Narada
Narada
Bhakti
Bhakti
Sutra is attributed to him.

Part of a series on

Vaishnavism

Supreme deity

Vishnu

Important deities

Dashavatara

Matsya Kurma Varaha Narasimha Vamana Parasurama Rama Balarama Krishna Buddha Kalki

Other Avatars

Mohini Nara-Narayana Hayagriva

Related

Lakshmi Sita Hanuman Shesha

Texts

Vedas Upanishads Bhagavad Gita Divya Prabandha Ramcharitmanas

Puranas

Vishnu Bhagavata Naradiya Garuda Padma Agni

Sampradayas

Sri (Vishishtadvaita) Brahma
Brahma
(Dvaita, Acintyabhedabheda) Rudra
Rudra
(Shuddhadvaita) Nimbarka
Nimbarka
(Dvaitadvaita)

Philosophers–acharyas

Nammalvar Yamunacharya Ramanuja Madhva Chaitanya Vallabha Sankardev Madhavdev Nimbarka Pillai Lokacharya Prabhupada Vedanta
Vedanta
Desika

Related traditions

Bhagavatism Pancharatra Tattvavada Pushtimarg Radha Krishna ISKCON Swaminarayan Ekasarana Pranami Ramanandi Vaikhanasas

Hinduism
Hinduism
portal

v t e

Other texts named after Narada
Narada
include Narada Purana
Narada Purana
and the Nāradasmṛti
Nāradasmṛti
(pre 6th century CE text), the latter called the "juridical text par excellence" and represents the only Dharmaśāstra text which deals solely with juridical matters and ignoring those of righteous conduct and penance.[5] The name Narada, referring to many different persons, appears in many mythical legends of Hinduism,[6] as an earlier birth of Sariputta
Sariputta
in the Jataka tales of Buddhism
Buddhism
as well as names of medieval Buddhist scholars,[7][8] and in Jainism.[9]

Contents

1 Mahabharata 2 Puranas 3 Jainism 4 See also 5 References

5.1 Citations 5.2 Sources

6 External links

Mahabharata[edit] In the Mahabharata, Narada
Narada
was conversant with the Vedas
Vedas
and the Upanishads
Upanishads
and was acquainted with history and Puranas. He had mastery of the six Angas: pronunciation, grammar, prosody, terms, religious rites and astronomy. All celestial beings worshiped him for his knowledge - he is supposed to be well versed in all that occurred in ancient Kalpas (time cycles) and is termed to be conversant with Nyaya (logic) and the truth of moral science. He was a perfect master in re-conciliatory texts and differentiating in applying general principles to particular cases. He could swiftly interpret contraries by references to differences in situation. He was eloquent, resolute, intelligent and possessor of powerful memory. He knew the science of morals, politics, skilled in drawing inference from evidence, and very proficient in distinguishing inferior things from superior ones. He was competent in judging the correctness and incorrectness of complex syllogistic statements consisting of 5 proponents. He was capable of arriving at definite conclusions about religion, wealth, pleasure and salvation. For example, it is Narada
Narada
who requests the Pandava
Pandava
brothers to create a rule for sharing their wife Draupadi, so that they do not end up fighting for her company. He possessed knowledge of this whole universe, above it, below it and everything surrounding it. He was capable of answering successively at Vrihaspati
Vrihaspati
himself, while arguing. He was the master of the Sankhya and Yoga
Yoga
systems of philosophy, conversant with sciences of war and treaty and proficient in drawing conclusions of judging things not within a direct knowledge. He knew about the six sciences of treaty, war, military campaigns, maintenance of posts against the enemy and strategies of ambushes and reserves. He was a thorough master of every branch of learning. He was fond of war and music and was incapable of being repulsed by any science or any course of action.[10] Puranas[edit]

Narada
Narada
found Vishnu
Vishnu
in his viraat swarupa form

Sage Sanathkumar teaches Bhuma vidya to Narada

The Bhagavata Purana
Bhagavata Purana
describes the story of Narada's spiritual enlightenment: He was the primary source of information among Gods, and is believed to be the first journalist on Earth. He claimed to have 60 wives. In his previous birth Narada
Narada
was a Gandharva
Gandharva
(angelic being) who had been cursed to be born on an earthly planet as a sudra for singing glories to the demigods instead of the Supreme Lord.[11] He was born as the son of a maid-servant of some particularly saintly priests (Brahmins). The priests, being pleased with both his and his mother's service, blessed him by allowing him to eat some of their food (prasad), previously offered to their lord, Vishnu. Gradually he received further blessings from these sages and heard them discussing many spiritual topics. After his mother died, he decided to roam the forest in search of enlightenment in understanding the 'Supreme Absolute Truth'. Reaching a tranquil forest location, after quenching his thirst from a nearby stream, he sat under a tree in meditation (yoga), concentrating on the paramatma form of Vishnu
Vishnu
within his heart as he had been taught by the priests he had served. After some time Narada
Narada
experienced a vision wherein Narayana
Narayana
(Vishnu) appeared before him, smiling, and spoke "that despite having the blessing of seeing him at that very moment, Narada
Narada
would not be able to see his (Vishnu's) divine form again until he died". Narayan further explained that the reason he had been given a chance to see his form was because his beauty and love would be a source of inspiration and would fuel his dormant desire to be with the lord again. After instructing Narada
Narada
in this manner, Vishnu
Vishnu
then disappeared from his sight. The boy awoke from his meditation both thrilled and disappointed. For the rest of his life Narada
Narada
focused on his devotion, meditation upon and worship to Vishnu. After his death Vishnu
Vishnu
then blessed him with the spiritual form of "Narada" as he eventually became known. In many Hindu scriptures
Hindu scriptures
Narada
Narada
is considered a saktyavesa-avatara or partial-manifestation (avatar) of God, empowered to perform miraculous tasks on Vishnu's behalf. The Shiva Purana
Shiva Purana
describes a unique story involving Narada. Once Narada
Narada
decided to perform penance in a serene himalayan cave. An insecure Indra
Indra
sent Kama
Kama
(god of love) to disturb Narada's penance. But due to Shiva's presence in himalayas, Kama's acts were fruitless. Narada
Narada
under the influence of Shiva's illusion, thinking his penance to be complete and proud of winning over Kama, goes to Shiva and Brahma
Brahma
to brag about his achievement. Both of them warn him not to mention this to Hari
Hari
(Vishnu). But Narada
Narada
swelling with pride, boasts of his victory over Kama
Kama
befor Hari. Hari
Hari
through his illusive powers creates a beautiful city in Narada's path with a king named Shilanidhi ruling it. An enchanted Narada, enters Shilanidhi's palace and learns about the swayamvara (choosing a husband) ceremony of his beautiful daughter named Shrimathi. Narada
Narada
blesses her and takes leave but his mind still lingers around the beauty of Shrimathi. He heads to Vaikunta (Vishnu's abode) and requests Hari
Hari
to grant him his own form (Hari's form) so that he can obtain Shrimathi as his wife. Hari
Hari
obliges and Narada
Narada
obtains a body similar to that of Hari but his face would be that of a monkey, for the word 'Hari' can also mean monkey. Unaware of his monkey face, Narada
Narada
attends Shrimathi's swayamvara. Shrimathi looks at Narada's form and gets disgusted and unable to choose a suitable husband among the assembled princes, waits at the centre of the assembly hall. Vishnu
Vishnu
appears there in the form of a king and Shrimathi chooses him and vanishes along with him. Narada
Narada
over hears Shivas attendants speaking of his monkey face. Narada
Narada
looks at the mirror and angrily curses the two attendents to be born as demons in the family of a Brahmin. Narada
Narada
leaves the city and sees his reflection in a stream and realizes that his face has returned to normal. thinking this to be Hari's trick, he goes to Vaikunta and censures Hari
Hari
in choicest of abuses and curses him "since you humiliated me for the sake of a woman, you shall assume human form and suffer separation from a woman, and monkeys shall be your allies". Then on being freed of the illusion Narada
Narada
realizes his mistake and begs forgiveness. Hari
Hari
assures him that it's no fault of his and advises him to worship Shiva in Kashi and learn about Shiva's greatness from Brahma. Narada
Narada
temples are few, most prominent being, Sri Narada
Narada
Muni Temple at Chigateri, Karnataka.[12] Jainism[edit] Main article: salakapurusa In Jainism, there are a total of 9 Naradas in every cycle of Jain Cosmology,[13] current cycle's Naradas were Bhima, Mahabhima, Rudra, Maharudra, Kala, Mahakala, Durmukha, Narakamukha and Adhomukha.

Sri Narada
Narada
Muni

Sri Narada
Narada
Muni Temple. Chigateri

See also[edit]

Yoga
Yoga
portal

Bhagavata Purana Narad Bhakti
Bhakti
Sutra Nāradasmṛti Sangita Makarandha Four Kumaras Vishnu

References[edit] Citations[edit]

^ Christian Lee Novetzke (2003), Divining an Author: The Idea of Authorship in an Indian Religious Tradition, History of Religions, Vol. 42, No. 3, page 222 ^ a b James G. Lochtefeld (2002). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Hinduism: N-Z. The Rosen Publishing Group. p. 461. ISBN 978-0-8239-3180-4.  ^ Guy, Randor (31 July 2010). "Bhaktha Naradar 1942". The Hindu. Retrieved 9 October 2011.  ^ Bhag-P 1.5.1 Narada
Narada
is addressed as 'Vina-panih', meaning "one who carries a vina in his hand" ^ Lariviere 1989: ix ^ Devdutt Pattanaik (2000). The Goddess in India: The Five Faces of the Eternal Feminine. Inner Traditions. p. 80. ISBN 978-0-89281-807-5.  ^ Sarah Shaw (2006). THE JATAKAS: Birth Stories of Bodhisatta. Penguin Books. p. 497. ISBN 978-81-8475-034-8.  ^ Martin Ramstedt (2005). Hinduism
Hinduism
in Modern Indonesia. Routledge. p. 50. ISBN 978-1-135-79052-3.  ^ Helmuth von Glasenapp (1999). Jainism: An Indian Religion of Salvation. Motilal Banarsidass. pp. 273 with footnotes. ISBN 978-81-208-1376-2.  ^ The Mahabharata
Mahabharata
of Krishna
Krishna
Dwaipayana Vyasa
Vyasa
Volume 1 Books 1, 2 and 3, Section XII ^ Srimad Bhagavatam 7.15.72 ^ Hindu Gods and Goddesses ^ Doniger 1999, p. 550.

Sources[edit]

Doniger, Wendy, ed. (1999), Encyclopedia of World Religions, Merriam-Webster, ISBN 0-87779-044-2  Translation by Richard W. Lariviere (1989). The Nāradasmr̥ti. University of Philadelphia. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Narada.

Narada's Instructions on Srimad-Bhagavatam for Vyasadeva References to Narada
Narada
in Gaudiya Vaishnava texts Ruesi Narot - Narada
Narada
in Buddhist Thailand Narada’s Aphorisms on Bhakti
Bhakti
(Ed. Sarma, Y Subrahmanya) Nārada Bhakti
Bhakti
Sūtras (Tr. Bhuteshananda, Swami) Nārada-Bhakti-Sūtra: The Secrets of Transcendental Love (Tr. Prabhupāda, A C Bhaktivedanta Swami
Swami
et al.)

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Avatars of Vishnu

Dashavatara

Matsya Kurma Varaha Narasimha Vamana Parashurama Rama Balarama1 Krishna1 Buddha1 Kalki

Other avatars

Four Kumaras Narada Nara-Narayana Kapila Dattatreya Yajna Rishabha Prithu Dhanvantari Mohini Vyasa Prsnigarbha Hayagriva Hamsa

1 The list of ten avatars varies regionally. The two substitutions involve Balarama, Krishna
Krishna
and Buddha
Buddha
is considered the avatar of Vishnu. Krishna
Krishna
is almost always included; in exceptions, he is considered the source of all avatars.

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Rishis

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Marichi Atri Angiras Pulaha Kratu Pulastya Vasistha

2nd (Svarocisha) Manvantara

Urja Stambha Prana Dattoli Rishabha Nischara Arvarivat

3rd (Uttama) Manvantara

Kaukundihi Kurundi Dalaya Sankha Pravahita Mita Sammita

4th (Tapasa) Manvantara

Jyotirdhama Prithu Kavya Chaitra Agni Vanaka Pivara

5th (Raivata) Manvantara

Hirannyaroma Vedasri Urddhabahu Vedabahu Sudhaman Parjanya Mahamuni

6th (Cakshusha) Manvantara

Sumedhas Virajas Havishmat Uttama Madhu Abhinaman Sahishnnu

7th (Vaivasvata) Manvantara

Kashyapa Atri Vasistha Vishvamitra Gautama Jamadagni Bharadwaja

Other

Four Kumaras Agastya Agnivesa Aruni Ashtavakra Astika Atharvan Atreya Aupamanyava Aurava Avatsara Bhrigu Bhringi Brahmarshi Chyavana Dattatreya Dadhichi Devala Dirghatamas Durvasa Garga Gritsamada Jahnu Jaimini
Jaimini
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Kapila
(Samkhya) Kindama Kutsa Mandavya Markandeya Nachiketa Narada Parashara Rajarshi Raikva Renukacharya Rishyasringa Sakayanya Sandipani Sankriti Satyakama Jabala Shukra Shuka Upamanyu Vaisampayana Valmiki Vartantu Vibhandak Rishi Vyasa
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Kṛṣṇa Brahmā Nārada Vyāsa Madhvacharya Padmanabha Tirtha Narahari Tirtha Madhava Tirtha Akshobhya Tirtha Jaya Tīrtha Jñānasindhu Dayānidhi Vidyānidhi Rājendra Jayadharma Puruṣottama Brahmaṇya Tīrtha Vyāsa Tīrtha Lakshmipati Tirtha Mādhavendra Purī Īśvara Purī Advaita Acharya

Post Chaitanya

Sri Krishna
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Guru
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Bhaktivinoda Gaurakiśora Bhaktisiddhānta Sarasvatī Prabhupāda

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Avataras of God

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 193295452 GN

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