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In the Hindu
Hindu
epic Mahabharata, Nakula
Nakula
was fourth of the five Pandava brothers. Nakula
Nakula
and Sahadeva
Sahadeva
were twins born to Madri, who had invoked the Ashwini Kumaras
Ashwini Kumaras
using Kunti's boon.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 Life at Hastinapur

2.1 Shalya's attempt to make Nakula
Nakula
and Sahadeva
Sahadeva
his heirs

3 Exile 4 Role In The Kurukshetra War 5 After the War 6 Death 7 Special
Special
Skills 8 In the Media 9 Citations

Etymology[edit] Its Sanskrit etymology is "he who is most handsome in the lineage".[1] Nakula
Nakula
and his brother Sahadeva, are both called as Ashvineya(आश्विनेय), as they were born from Ashvinas.[2] Life at Hastinapur[edit]

Nakula's military expedition to the western kingdoms, as per epic Mahabharata

Shalya's attempt to make Nakula
Nakula
and Sahadeva
Sahadeva
his heirs[edit] Years after Madri
Madri
had killed herself, King Shalya, her brother, as well as the ruler of the kingdom of Madra, would each year, for a spell, bring his nephews Nakula
Nakula
and Sahadeva
Sahadeva
to Madra. On their fifteenth birthday[citation needed], Shalya
Shalya
revealed his intention of making the twins his heirs. Shalya
Shalya
argued that Nakula
Nakula
could be a king one day, instead of fourth-in-line to the throne of Hastinapura... provided that Yudhishthira
Yudhishthira
was named their heir in the first place. The wise Nakula
Nakula
pointed out that Shalya
Shalya
only wanted Nakula
Nakula
and Sahadeva
Sahadeva
as his heirs, because both were children of god-in fact, Shalya
Shalya
was eschewing his own children with this gambit. Nakula
Nakula
claimed that while he and Sahadeva
Sahadeva
staying with the Pandavas
Pandavas
would give them no power, his brothers and Kunti
Kunti
genuinely loved him, and would never try and make Nakula
Nakula
and Sahadeva
Sahadeva
their pawns. Nakula
Nakula
laments that by becoming Shalya's heir, he would then become Shalya's pawn. Through some deliberation, Nakula
Nakula
is convinced that Shalya
Shalya
is being genuine. He and Sahadeva
Sahadeva
become the heirs to the throne, but Sahadeva
Sahadeva
told his uncle on one condition: they will always stay with the Pandavas.[3] Exile[edit] Yudhishthira's loss in the game of dice meant that all Pandavas
Pandavas
had to live in exile for 13 years. Once in exile, Jatasura, disguised as a Brahmin, kidnapped Nakula
Nakula
along with Draupadi, Sahadeva
Sahadeva
and Yudhishthira. Bhima
Bhima
rescued them eventually and in the fight that ensued, Nakula
Nakula
killed Kshemankara, Mahamaha, and Suratha.[4] In the 13th year, Nakula
Nakula
disguised himself as an ostler and assumed the name of Granthika(in other versions, Jayasena) at the Kingdom of Matsya. He worked as a horse-trainer who looked after horses in the royal stable.[5] Role In The Kurukshetra War[edit]

Nakula
Nakula
in Javanese Wayang

Nakula
Nakula
desired Drupada
Drupada
to be the general of the Pandava
Pandava
army, but Yudhishthira
Yudhishthira
and Arjuna
Arjuna
opted for Dhristadyumna.[6] As a warrior, Nakula
Nakula
slew prominent war-heroes on the enemy side. The flag of Nakula's chariot bore the image of a red deer with golden back.[7] Nakula
Nakula
was the leader of one of the seven Akshahuni. On the 1st day of the war, Nakula
Nakula
defeated Dussasana, sparing his life so that Bhima
Bhima
could fulfill his oath. On the 11th day, Nakula
Nakula
defeated Shalya, destroying his uncle's chariot. On the 13th day, his advance into Drona's formation was repulsed by Jayadratha. On the 14th day, he along with Sahadeva
Sahadeva
defeated Shakuni
Shakuni
and Ulook. On the 15th day, he was defeated by Duryodhana, being rescued by Chekitana. On the 16th and 17th day,he gave a tough fight to Karna, but was defeated and spared by the latter.[8] On the 18th day of the war he killed three sons of Karna, Sushena, Chitrasena and Satyasena. After the War[edit] After the war, Yudhishthira
Yudhishthira
appointed Nakula
Nakula
and Sahadeva
Sahadeva
as the Kings of Madra
Madra
kingdom.[9] Death[edit] Upon the onset of Kali Yuga
Kali Yuga
and the departure of Krishna, the Pandavas retired. Giving up all their belongings and ties, Pandavas, accompanied by a dog, made their final journey of pilgrimage to the Himalayas. Except Yudhishthira, all of the Pandavas
Pandavas
grew weak and died before reaching heaven. Nakula
Nakula
was third one to fall after Draupadi
Draupadi
and Sahadeva. When Bhima
Bhima
asks Yudhishthira
Yudhishthira
why Nakula
Nakula
fell, the reason given is his pride on his beauty and his belief that there was nobody that equalled him in looks.[10] Special
Special
Skills[edit]

Horse-keeping: Nakula's deep understanding of horse breeding and training is documented in the Mahabharata
Mahabharata
after the death of Narakasura
Narakasura
by Krishna. In a conversation with Virata, Nakula
Nakula
claimed to know the art of treating all illnesses of horses. He was also a highly skilled charioteer.[11][12] Ayurveda: Being a son of the physicians, Ashwini Kumaras, Nakula
Nakula
was also believed to be an expert in Ayurveda.[13]

In the Media[edit]

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In the Mahabharat (1988 TV series), Sameer played the role of Nakul. * In the Mahabharat (2013 TV series), Vin Rana acted as Nakul. * In the Suryaputra Karn (2015 TV series), Buneet Kapoor Played Nakul.

Citations[edit]

^ Parmeshwaranand, Swami (2001). Encyclopaedic dictionary of Purāṇas (1st ed.). New Delhi: Sarup & Sons. p. 900. ISBN 9788176252263.  ^ Gopal, Madan (1990). K.S. Gautam, ed. India through the ages. Publication Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India. p. 73.  ^ Rajagopalachari, C. (. (1970). Mahabharata
Mahabharata
(10 th ed.). Bombay : Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan ^ Parmeshwaranand, Swami (2001). Encyclopaedic dictionary of Purāṇas (1st ed.). New Delhi: Sarup & Sons. p. 900. ISBN 9788176252263.  ^ Kapoor, edited by Subodh (2002). The Indian encyclopaedia : biographical, historical, religious, administrative, ethnological, commercial and scientific (1st ed.). New Delhi: Cosmo Publications. p. 4462. ISBN 9788177552713. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) ^ Menon, [translated by] Ramesh (2006). The Mahabharata : a modern rendering. New York: iUniverse, Inc. p. 88. ISBN 9780595401888.  ^ " Mahabharata
Mahabharata
Text".  ^ "The Mahabharata, Book 8: Karna
Karna
Parva: Section 48". sacred-texts.com. Retrieved 2018-01-27.  ^ " Mahabharata
Mahabharata
Text".  ^ http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/m17/m17002.htm ^ " Mahabharata
Mahabharata
Text".  ^ Lochan, Kanjiv (2003). Medicines of early India : with appendix on a rare ancient text (Ed. 1st. ed.). Varanasi: Chaukhambha Sanskrit Bhawan. ISBN 9788186937662.  ^ Charak, K.S. (1999). Surya, the Sun god (1st ed.). Delhi: Uma Publications. ISBN 9788190100823. 

v t e

Mahabharata

Books (parvas)

Adi Sabha Vana Virata Udyoga Bhishma Drona Karna Shalya Sauptika Stri Shanti Anushasana Ashvamedhika Ashramavasika Mausala Mahaprasthanika Svargarohana Harivamsa

Kuru Kingdom

Shantanu Ganga Bhishma Satyavati Chitrāngada Vichitravirya Ambika Ambalika Vidura Dhritarashtra Gandhari Pandu Kunti Madri Pandavas

Yudhisthira Bhima Arjuna Nakula Sahadeva

Draupadi Kauravas

Duryodhana Dushasana Vikarna Yuyutsu Dushala

Hidimbi Ghatotkacha Ahilawati Subhadra Uttarā Ulupi Chitrāngadā Abhimanyu Iravan Babruvahana Barbarika Upapandavas Parikshit Janamejaya

Other characters

Amba Ashwatthama Balarama Bhagadatta Brihannala Chekitana Chitrasena Dhrishtadyumna Drona Drupada Durvasa Ekalavya Hidimba Jarasandha Jayadratha Kali (demon) Karna Kichaka Kindama Kripa Krishna Kritavarma Mayasura Sanjaya Satyaki Shakuni Shalya Shikhandi Shishupala Bahlika Sudeshna Uttara Kumara Virata Vrishasena Vyasa

Related articles

Avatars Hastinapur Indraprastha Kingdoms Kurukshetra War Bhagavad Gita Vedic-Puranic chronol

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