Naimisaranyam, also known as Neemsar, Nimsar or Nimkhar is a Hindu
temple dedicated to
Vishnu located in the north Indian state of Uttar
Pradesh. It is one of the Divya Desams, the 108 temples of Vishnu
Nalayira Divya Prabandham
Nalayira Divya Prabandham by the 12 poet saints, or Alwars.
The temple is believed to be of significant antiquity with
contributions at different times from the ruling kings. The temple is
counted as one of the eight temples of
Vishnu that self-manifested and
is classified as Swayamvyaktha Kshetra. The temple is open till 6pm.
The holy tank Chankra Kunda is associated with the temple and it is a
pilgrimage centre where people take a holy dip during festive
2 The temple
3 Religious significance
4 See also
Narada is believed to have searched for the best theertha (water
body) in three worlds. He went to Kailasa, the abode of Shiva, then to
Parkadal, the abode of
Vishnu and finally landed in the water body in
the Naimisha Forest. The central deity is also believed to be
worshipped by sudharma and devas (celestical deities).
Indra, the king of the devas, was once driven out of devaloka by an
asura named Vritra. The asura was the recipient of a boon whereby he
could not be killed by any weapon that was known till the date of his
receiving the boon and additionally that no weapon made of wood or
metal could harm him. Indra, who lost all hope of recovering his
kingdom went to seek the aid of Vishnu.
Vishnu revealed to
only the weapon made from the bones of the sage
Dadhichi would defeat
Indra and the other devas therefore approached the sage, whom
Indra had once beheaded, and asked him for his aid in defeating
Dadhichi acceded to the devas' request but said that he wished
that he had time to go on a pilgrimage to all the holy rivers before
he gave up his life for them.
Indra then brought together all the
waters of the holy rivers to Naimisaranya, thereby allowing the sage
to have his wish fulfilled without a further loss of time.
then said to have given up his life by the art of yoga after which the
devas fashioned the Vajrayudha from his spine. This weapon was then
used to defeat the asura, allowing
Indra to reclaim his place as the
king of devaloka.
As told in another legend, when sages were planning to perform
penance, Brahma, the god of creation, brought out a ring from darba
grass. He asked the sages to perform penance at the place where the
ring fell, which is believed to be Naimisaranya. The sages performed
penance and at the end of it,
Vishnu appeared to the sages and
accepted their offerings. It is believed that the forest still has
Vishnu and all sages as trees.
Naimisaranyam is located at the junction of the roads from
Khairabad, 32 km from
Sitapur and 42 km from the Sandila
railway station, 45 miles north of
Lucknow in Uttar Pradesh.
Naimisaranya is also known as Nimsar or Nimkhar and is located on the
left bank of the river Gomati. The sacred well, namely Chakra Kunda
is believed to have started from the weapon of Vishnu, Chakra. There
are shrines dedicated to Chakranarayana, Ganesh, Rama, Lakshman.
This place has also been visited by Sankaracharya and the famous
Surdas resided here. Suthar, the author of 18 puranas is
believed to have lived here and presented his sayings to the sages.
The central deity is believed to have presided over the forest and
hence the puja (rituals) are done to the forest.
The temple is counted as one of the eight temples of
self-manifested and is classified as Swayamvyaktha Kshetra. (Seven
other temples in the line are Srirangam Ranganathaswamy temple, Bhu
Varaha Swamy temple, Tirumala Venkateswara Temple, and Vanamamalai
Perumal Temple in South
India and Saligrama,
Pushkar and Badrinath
Temple in North India).
Naimisaranya temple is revered in Nalayira
Divya Prabandham, the 7th–9th century Vaishnava canon, by
Thirumangai Azhwar in ten hymns. The temple is classified as a
divyadesam, the 108
Vishnu temples that are revered in the Vaishnava
Every new moon day, a large number of people purify themselves with a
dip in the holy well. If the new moon falls on a Monday, it is
believed that a holy bath in the well and offering to the presiding
deity Lalitha will wash away all the sins committed in their
^ a b M. S., Ramesh (2000). 108 Vaishnavite Divya Desams: Divya desams
in Malai Nadu and Vada Nadu. Tirumalai-Tirupati Devasthanam.
^ a b Ayyar, P. V. Jagadisa (1991). South Indian shrines: illustrated.
New Delhi: Asian Educational Services. p. 540.
^ a b Saraswati 1984, p. 131
^ rR., Dr. Vijayalakshmy (2001). An introduction to religion and
Philosophy - Tévarám and Tivviyappirapantam (1st ed.). Chennai:
International Institute of Tamil Studies. pp. 518–9.
^ Cunningham, Sir Alexander. Four reports made during the years,
1862-63-64-65, Volume 1.
^ Bharati, Srirama (1999). Araiyar Sevai: Theatre Expression in
Sri-Vaishnava Worship. Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan. p. 132.
^ "Naimisaranya". templenet.com. Retrieved 2013-05-26.
^ New dimensions in Vedanta philosophy, Volume 1.Sahajānanda (Swami),
Bochasanwasi Shri Aksharpurushottam Sanstha
^ Anantharaman, Ambujam (2006). Temples of South India. East West
books. p. 130. ISBN 8188661422.
^ S., Prabhu (10 May 2012). "Symbolising religious unity". The Hindu.
Retrieved 13 October 2014.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Naimisaranya.
Saraswati, Baidyanath (1984). The Spectrum of the Sacred :Essays
on the Religious Traditions of India. Concept Publishing
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