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The Nacionalista Party
Nacionalista Party
(Filipino: Partido Nacionalista) is the oldest political party in the Philippines
Philippines
and in Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
and was responsible for leading the country throughout the majority of the 20th century since its founding in 1907. The Nacionalista Party
Nacionalista Party
was the ruling party from 1935–1944 (under President Manuel Quezon), 1944–1946 (under President Sergio Osmeña), 1953–1957 (under President Ramon Magsaysay), 1957–1961 (Under President Carlos P. Garcia), and 1965–1972 (under President Ferdinand Marcos).

Contents

1 History 2 Electoral performance

2.1 President 2.2 Vice president 2.3 Senate 2.4 House of Representatives

3 Notable Nacionalistas

3.1 Past 3.2 Current

4 Nacionalista-affiliated parties 5 Candidates for Philippine general election, 2010 6 Candidates for Philippine general election, 2013 7 Candidates for Philippine general election, 2016 8 Nacionalista Party
Nacionalista Party
presidents 9 Controversy over dominant-minority status 10 See also 11 External links 12 References

History[edit] The original “Nacionalista” Party that was founded on August 21, 1901 in Calle Gunao,Quiapo, Manila was forgotten. In that Quiapo Assembly, the following officers of the true Nacionalista were elected: Santiago Alvarez and Pascual Poblete as Presidents; Andres Villanueva, Vice Resident; Macario Sakay, Secretary General; Francisco Carreon, Alejandro Santiago, Domingo Moriones, Aguedo del Rosario, Cenon Nicdao, Nicolas Rivera, Salustiano Santiago, Aurelio Tolentino, Pantaleon Torres, Valentin Diza, Briccio Pantas, Lope K. Santos, Pio H. Santos, Salustiano Cruz, Valentin Solis and Jose Palma. The party began as the country's vehicle for independence, through the building of a modern nation-state, and through the advocacy of efficient self-rule, dominating the Philippine Assembly (1907–1916), the Philippine Legislature (1916–1935) and the pre-war years of the Commonwealth of the Philippines
Philippines
(1935–1941). During the Japanese Occupation political parties were replaced by the KALIBAPI. By the second half of the century the party was one of the main political contenders for leadership in the country, in competition with the Liberals and the Progressives, during the decades between the devastation of World War II and the violent suppression of partisan politics of the Marcos dictatorship. In 1978, in a throwback to the Japanese Occupation, political parties were asked to merge into the Kilusang Bagong Lipunan, although the Nacionalistas preferred to go into hibernation. Eventually, the party was revived during the late 1980s and early 1990s by the Laurel family, which has dominated the Party since the 1950s. The Nacionalista Party
Nacionalista Party
is now being led by party president Manuel Villar, former Senator, and has three Vice Presidential candidates running independently or in tandem with other political parties (Cayetano, Marcos and Trillanes) in the 2016 Philippine Elections. Two of the other present parties, the Liberal Party and the Nationalist People's Coalition
Nationalist People's Coalition
are breakaways from the Nacionalista Party.[6] Electoral performance[edit] President[edit]

Election Candidate Number of votes Share of votes Outcome of election

1935 Manuel L. Quezon 695,332 67.99% Won

1941 Manuel L. Quezon 1,340,320 81.78% Won

1946 Sergio Osmeña 1,129,996 45.71% Lost

1949 José P. Laurel 1,318,330 37.22% Lost

1953 Ramon Magsaysay 2,912,992 68.90% Won

1957 Carlos P. Garcia 2,072,257 41.28% Won

1961 Carlos P. Garcia 2,902,996 44.95% Lost

1965 Ferdinand Marcos 3,861,324 51.94% Won

1969 Ferdinand Marcos 5,017,343 61.47% Won

1981 Alejo Santos
Alejo Santos
(Roy wing) 1,716,449 8.25% Lost; main wing boycotted

1986 N/A N/A N/A Supported Corazon Aquino
Corazon Aquino
who became president.

1992 Salvador Laurel 770,046 3.40% Lost

1998 N/A N/A N/A Did not take part

2004 N/A N/A N/A Supported Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
who won

2010 Manny Villar 5,573,835 15.42% Lost

2016 N/A N/A N/A Supported Mar Roxas
Mar Roxas
or Jejomar Binay
Jejomar Binay
or Miriam Defensor Santiago
Miriam Defensor Santiago
who all lost or Rodrigo Duterte
Rodrigo Duterte
who won

Vice president[edit]

Election Candidate Number of votes Share of votes Outcome of election

1935 Sergio Osmeña 812,352 86.91% Won

1941 Sergio Osmeña 1,445,897 92.10% Won

1946 Eulogio Rodriguez 1,051,243 47.38% Lost

1949 Manuel Briones 1,184,215 46.08% Lost

1953 Carlos P. Garcia 2,515,265 62.90% Won

1957 José Laurel, Jr. 1,783,012 37.91% Lost

1961 Gil Puyat 1,787,987 28.06% Lost

1965 Fernando Lopez 3,531,550 48.48% Won

1969 Fernando Lopez 5,001,737 62.76% Won

1986 N/A N/A N/A Supported Salvador Laurel
Salvador Laurel
who became vice president

1992 Eva Estrada-Kalaw 255,730 1.25% Lost

1998 N/A N/A N/A Did not take part

2004 N/A N/A N/A Supported Noli de Castro
Noli de Castro
who won

2010 N/A N/A N/A Supported Loren Legarda
Loren Legarda
who lost

2016 N/A N/A N/A Supported either Alan Peter Cayetano, Bongbong Marcos
Bongbong Marcos
or Antonio Trillanes who all lost

Senate[edit]

Election Number of votes Share of votes Seats won Seats after Outcome of election

1916

see seats after

22 / 24

1919

see seats after

21 / 24

Won

1922

see seats after

15 / 24

Split into Osmeña bloc (12) that won and Quezon bloc (3) that lost

1925

see seats after

14 / 24

Won

1928

see seats after

24 / 24

Won

1931

see seats after

22 / 24

Won

1934

see seats after

7 / 24

Lost

1941

see seats after

24 / 24

Won

1946 7,454,074 41.2%

7 / 16

15 / 24

Lost

1947 10,114,453 45.0%

1 / 8

8 / 24

Lost

1949 8,900,568 36.6%

0 / 8

4 / 24

Lost

1951 13,266,643 59.1%

9 / 9

12 / 24

Won

1953 9,813,166 39.8%

5 / 8

13 / 24

Won

1955 17,319,389 67.6%

9 / 9

21 / 24

Won

1957 13,273,945 47.2%

6 / 8

20 / 24

Won

1959 17,160,618 50.1%

5 / 8

19 / 24

Won

1961 17,834,477 45.1%

2 / 8

13 / 24

Won

1963 22,983,457 50.2%

4 / 8

11 / 24

Lost

1965 21,619,502 43.8%

5 / 8

11 / 24

Won

1967 30,704,100 62.8%

6 / 8

16 / 24

Won

1969 32,726,305 60.8%

6 / 8

18 / 24

Won

1971 24,819,175 42.6%

3 / 8

16 / 24

Won

1987 N/A N/A N/A N/A Took part as member of GAD.

1992 14,499,923 5.3%

0 / 24

0 / 24

Lost

1995 N/A N/A N/A N/A Did not take part

1998 N/A N/A N/A N/A Did not take part

2001 770,647 0.3%

0 / 13

0 / 24

Lost

2004 N/A N/A N/A N/A Did not take part

2007 27,125,724 10.1%

2 / 12

3 / 24

Nacionalista-led coalition

2010 49,585,503 16.7%

3 / 12

4 / 24

Split; 2 supported the PMP-led coalition, 2 lost

2013 45,100,266 15.3%

3 / 12

5 / 24

Liberal-led coalition

2016 2,775,191 14.4%

0 / 12

3 / 24

Split; PDP-Laban-led coalition, lost

House of Representatives[edit]

Election Number of votes Share of votes Seats Outcome of election

1907

32 / 80

Won

1909

62 / 81

Won

1912

62 / 81

Won

1916

75 / 90

Won

1919

83 / 90

Won

1922

64 / 93

Split into Quezon bloc (35) that won and Osmeña bloc (29) that lost

1925

64 / 92

Won

1928

71 / 94

Won

1931

66 / 94

Won

1934

89 / 92

Split into Quezon bloc (70) that won and Osmeña bloc (19) that lost

1935

83 / 89

Won

1938

98 / 98

Won

1941

95 / 98

Won

1946 908,740 37.84%

35 / 98

Lost

1949 1,178,402 34.05%

33 / 100

Lost

1953 1,930,367 47.30%

31 / 102

Lost

1957 2,948,409 61.18%

82 / 102

Won

1961 3,923,390 61.02%

74 / 104

Won

1965 3,028,224 41.76%

38 / 104

Lost

1969 4,590,374 80.00%

88 / 110

Won

1978 688,130 0.33%

0 / 165

Lost

1984

2 / 183

Lost

1987* 1,444,399 7.19%

4 / 200

Lakas ng Bansa-led coalition

1992** 730,696 3.92%

4 / 199

Lakas-NUCD-UMDP-led coalition

1995* 153,088 0.79%

1 / 204

Lakas-NUCD-UMDP-led coalition

1998* 4,412 0.02%

0 / 245

Did not take part

2001 N/A N/A N/A Did not take part

2004

2 / 237

Lakas-CMD-led coalition

2007

11 / 271

Lakas-CMD-led coalition

2010 3,872,637 11.35%

25 / 287

Liberal-led coalition

2013 2,340,994 8.49%

17 / 292

Liberal-led coalition

2016 3,512,975 9.42%

24 / 297

PDP-Laban-led coalition

*does not include candidates who ran as under a Liberal Party ticket along with another party. **in coalition with PDP-Laban Notable Nacionalistas[edit] Past[edit] Throughout their careers, many of the country's politicians, statesmen, and leaders were, in whole or in part, Nacionalistas. Notable names include: Philippine Presidents and Vice-Presidents who were affiliated with the NP

Presidents:

Manuel L. Quezon
Manuel L. Quezon
(2nd President of the Philippines) José P. Laurel[10] (3rd President of the Philippines) Sergio Osmeña
Sergio Osmeña
(4th President of the Philippines) Manuel Roxas[11] (5th President of the Philippines) Elpidio Quirino[12] (6th President of the Philippines) Ramon Magsaysay
Ramon Magsaysay
(7th President of the Philippines) Carlos P. Garcia
Carlos P. Garcia
(8th President of the Philippines) Ferdinand Marcos[13] (10th President of the Philippines) Joseph Estrada[14] (13th President of the Philippines)

Vice-President

Fernando Lopez
Fernando Lopez
(4th and 8th Vice-President of the Philippines; under Elpidio Quirino, Ferdinand E. Marcos) Emmanuel Pelaez
Emmanuel Pelaez
(7th Vice-President of the Philippines; under Diosdado Macapagal) Salvador Laurel
Salvador Laurel
(10th Vice-President of the Philippines, 5th and last Prime Minister; under President Corazon C. Aquino)

Philippines

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Senators

Claro M. Recto Jose W. Diokno Blas Ople Cipriano Primicias, Sr. Eulogio Rodriguez Francisco Tongio Liongson Manuel Briones Jose Fuentebella Miriam Defensor Santiago
Miriam Defensor Santiago
(Senator)

Most of these individuals embody solid political traditions of economic and political nationalism are pertinent today, even with the party's subsequent decline. Current[edit] Some members of the House of Representatives and Senate include, but are not limited to, the following:

Manuel Villar
Manuel Villar
(former Senator and Nacionalista president), Party Chairman Pia Cayetano
Pia Cayetano
(former Senator, Deputy Speaker of the 17th Congress, Representative from the Lone District of Taguig) Antonio Trillanes
Antonio Trillanes
IV (Senator) Justin Marc Chipeco, (Representative from Laguna) Emmylou Taliño-Mendoza, (Governor of North Cotabato) Jose "Pingping" Tejada, (Representative from North Cotabato) Yevgyeny Vincente Emano, (Representative from Misamis Oriental) Cynthia Villar, (former Representative from Las Piñas and current Senator) Alan Peter Cayetano, (Senator; later defected to PDP–Laban
PDP–Laban
in 2017) Lani Cayetano, (former Representative from Taguig and Mayor of Taguig) Ferdinand "Bongbong" Marcos, Jr., (former Representative from Ilocos Norte and Senator) Imelda Marcos, (former First Lady of the Philippines, Ilocos Norte Representative member of the Kilusang Bagong Lipunan
Kilusang Bagong Lipunan
but caucuses with the NP.) Imee Marcos, (former Ilocos Norte Representative and Governor of Ilocos Norte) Rommel Jalosjos, (Governor of Zamboanga Sibugay) Juanito Victor C. Remulla (Governor of Cavite, also a member of Lakas-CMD, PMP and UNA) Elias K. Bulut, Sr., (former Representative and Governor from Apayao and Mayor of Calanasan, Apayao) Wenceslao "Peewee" B. Trinidad, (Former Pasay City
Pasay City
Mayor) Homer T. Saquilayan (Former Mayor of Imus, Cavite)

Nacionalista-affiliated parties[edit]

PDP-Laban Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino Lakas-CMD National Unity Party

United Bangsamoro Justice Party

People's Reform Party United Nationalist Alliance Team PNoy Liberal Alyansa - Davao del Sur and Davao Occidental Alayon
Alayon
– Cebu Kugi Uswag Sugbu – Cebu City Partido Magdalo – Cavite PaDayon Pilipino — Misamis Oriental
Misamis Oriental
and Cagayan de Oro Fuerza Zamboanga — Zamboanga City

Candidates for Philippine general election, 2010[edit]

Manny Villar
Manny Villar
– Presidential Candidate (lost) Loren Legarda
Loren Legarda
– Vice Presidential Candidate (lost)

Senatorial Slate (11)

Pia Cayetano
Pia Cayetano
(won) Bongbong Marcos
Bongbong Marcos
(won) Liza Maza
Liza Maza
(lost) Ramon Mitra III (lost) Satur Ocampo
Satur Ocampo
(lost) Susan Ople (lost) Gwen Pimentel (lost) Ariel Querubin (lost) Gilbert Remulla (lost) Adel Tamano
Adel Tamano
(lost) Miriam Defensor Santiago
Miriam Defensor Santiago
(won)

Candidates for Philippine general election, 2013[edit] Senatorial Slate (3) Team PNoy

Cynthia Villar
Cynthia Villar
(won) Alan Peter Cayetano
Alan Peter Cayetano
(won) Antonio Trillanes
Antonio Trillanes
IV (won)

Candidates for Philippine general election, 2016[edit] Main article: Philippine general election, 2016 Vice-President:

Alan Peter Cayetano
Alan Peter Cayetano
(lost) Bongbong Marcos
Bongbong Marcos
(lost) Antonio Trillanes
Antonio Trillanes
(lost)

Senatorial Slate

Susan Ople (guest candidate of United Nationalist Alliance
United Nationalist Alliance
and Partido ng Galing at Puso) (lost)

Nacionalista Party
Nacionalista Party
presidents[edit]

Term Name

1907-1935 House Speaker Sergio Osmeña

1935-1944 President Manuel L. Quezon

1944-1953 President Sergio Osmeña

1953-1964 Senator Eulogio Rodriguez

1964-1980 Senator Gil J. Puyat

1980-1989 Former House Speaker José B. Laurel, Jr.

1989-2003 Vice-President Salvador Laurel

2003-present Former Senate President Manuel Villar, Jr.

Controversy over dominant-minority status[edit] During the 2010 elections, the Nacionalista and the Nationalist People's Coalition (NPC) formed an alliance after it was approved by the Commission on Elections (COMELEC) on April 12, 2010.[15] The Nacionalistas fielded Senator Manuel Villar, Jr.
Manuel Villar, Jr.
and running with fellow Senator Loren Legarda
Loren Legarda
who is a member of the NPC. It became the dominant minority party after a resolution passed by the COMELEC. On April 21, however it was blocked by the Supreme Court after a suit filed by the rival Liberal Party.[16] On May 6, 2010, the Supreme Court nullified the merger and therefore giving the Liberal Party to be the dominant minority party. It was based on a resolution by the COMELEC giving political parties to be accredited by August 17, 2009.[17] The coalition was made to help the Nacionalista Party
Nacionalista Party
to help boost the presidential campaign of Senator Villar and have a chance to be the dominant minority party by the Commission on Elections which give the rights to poll watchers during the canvassing of votes.[18] However it is being challenged by the Liberal Party calls the said alliance a "bogus" alliance, the Liberals are also seeking the same party status by the COMELEC.[19] As well, several local races are being challenged from both parties therefore causing confusion in those races.[18] See also[edit]

List of political parties in the Philippines Filipino nationalism Liberal Party (Philippines) The Jones Act

External links[edit]

Official party site

References[edit]

^ Simbulan, D. (2005). The Modern Principalia: The Historical Evolution of the Philippine Ruling Oligarchy. Quezon City: UP Press. ^ Bertrand, J. (2013). Political change in Southeast Asia. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. ^ a b Berneo, N. & Yashar, D. (2016). Parties, Movements, and Democracy in the Developing World New York: Cambridge University Press USA. ^ a b c Celoza, A. Ferdinand Marcos
Ferdinand Marcos
and the Philippines: The Political Economy of Authoritarianism. Connecticut, USA: Greenwood Publishing Group. Retrieved September 19, 2017. ^ An integrated course on communism and democracy. ^ a b c d e " Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
In The New International Era". 2016. Retrieved April 19, 2017.  ^ a b UP College of Public Administration. (1990). Philippine Journal of Public Administration, Volumes 34-35. Retrieved October 19, 2017. ^ Liow, J. & Leifer, M. (1995). Dictionary of the Modern Politics of Southeast Asia. New York: Routledge. Retrieved October 16, 2017. ^ This is the party's current standing although it has a bloc in the Senate. ^ Laurel was member of the NP before 1942 and from 1945-1959. During his tenure as president, he was affiliated with KALIBAPI. ^ During the 1946 Presidential election, Roxas, who is a member of the Liberal-wing of the NP, formed the Liberal Party and eventually moved there. ^ Moved to the Liberal Party during the 1946 Presidential election. ^ In 1978, Marcos left the NP and formed his own political party known as Kilusang Bagong Lipunan
Kilusang Bagong Lipunan
(KBL). ^ Estrada was a member of the NP during his term as senator. In 1991 he formed his own party known as the Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino
Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino
(PMP). ^ Alvarez, Kathrina (2010-04-12). "NP-NPC coalition formally granted (5:15 p.m.)". Sun Star. Retrieved 2010-04-15.  ^ Alvarez, Kathrina (2010-04-12). "NP-NPC coalition formally granted (5:15 p.m.)". Sun Star. Retrieved 2010-04-15.  ^ Torres, Tetch (2010-05-06). "SC nullifies NP-NPC coalition". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 2010-05-09.  ^ a b Maragay, Fel V. (2010-03-01). "NP-NPC coalition complicates fight in the local level". Manila Standard Today. Retrieved 2010-04-15.  ^ Alvarez, Kathrina (2010-04-12). "NP-NPC coalition formally granted (5:15 p.m.)". Sun.Star. Retrieved 2010-04-15. 

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Political parties in the Philippines
Philippines

Senate (24)

Liberal (6) NPC (3) PDP-Laban (3) Nacionalista (2) UNA (2) Akbayan (1) LDP (1) PMP (1) Independent (4)

House of Representatives (297)

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PDP-Laban (114) Liberal (46) NPC (29) Nacionalista (17) NUP (17) Lakas (3) UNA (2) Arangkada San Joseño (1) Asenso Manileño (1) LDP (1) PTM (1) Independent (1)

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Anakpawis
(1) ANGKLA (1) An Waray
An Waray
(1) A TEACHER
A TEACHER
(1) Ang Kabuhayan (1) Bayan Muna (1) BH (1) Butil (1) CIBAC (1) DIWA (1) Kabataan (1) Kalinga (1) Kusug Tausug (1) LPGMA (1) Magdalo (1) Manila Teachers (1) Mata (1) SBP (1) TUCP (1) YACAP (1)

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