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Mytilene
Mytilene
(Greek: Μυτιλήνη Mytilini [mitiˈlini]) is a city founded in the 11th century BC. Mytilene
Mytilene
is the capital and port of the island of Lesbos
Lesbos
and also the capital of the North Aegean
North Aegean
Region. The seat of the governor of the North Aegean
North Aegean
Region is Mytilene. Mytilene
Mytilene
is also one of 13 municipalities (counties) on the island of Lesbos. Mytilene
Mytilene
is built on the southeast edge of the island. It is also the seat of a metropolitan bishop of the Orthodox church.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography and climate

2.1 Province 2.2 Climate

3 Demographics 4 Economy 5 Landmarks and architecture 6 Refugee camps

6.1 Background 6.2 Moria 6.3 Kara Tepe 6.4 PIKPA Camp (Lesvos Solidarity)

7 Archaeology 8 Education 9 Sporting teams 10 Famous Mytilenians

10.1 Ancient 10.2 Religious 10.3 Modern 10.4 Fictional

11 Twin cities 12 Gallery 13 See also 14 References 15 External links

History[edit]

Pittacus
Pittacus
of Mytilene
Mytilene
(c. 640 - 568 BC), one of the Seven Sages of Greece; woodcut from the Nuremberg Chronicle.

View of the port, with the dome of St.Therapon.

The church of St.Therapon at the port

As an ancient city, lying off the east coast, Mytilene
Mytilene
was initially confined to a small island just offshore that later was joined to Lesbos, creating a north and south harbor. According to the writings of Homer, the island of Lesbos
Lesbos
has been an organized city since 1054 B.C. The early harbor of Mytilene
Mytilene
was united during ancient times with a channel 700 meters long and 30 meters wide. The Roman writer Longus speaks of white stone bridges linking the two sides. The Greek word Εύριπο or Euripus is a commonly used term when referring to a strait. The strait allowed ancient sail boats called Triremes, with 3 tiers of rowers or more. The boats that passed were ca. 6 meters wide plus oars and had depth of 2 meters. The areas of the city that were densely populated connected the two bodies of land with marble bridges. They usually followed a curved line. The strait begins at the old market called Apano Skala. It was also close to Metropolis Street and ended at the Southern Harbor. One could argue that the channel transversed what is now called Ermou Street. Over time the strait began to collect silt and earth. There was also human intervention for the protection of the Castle of Mytilene. The strait eventually filled with earth.[2] Mytilene
Mytilene
contested successfully with Methymna
Methymna
in the north of the island for the leadership of the island in the 7th century BC and became the centre of the island’s prosperous eastern hinterland.[citation needed] Her most famous citizens were the poets Sappho
Sappho
and Alcaeus and the statesman Pittacus
Pittacus
(one of the Seven Sages of ancient Greece). The city was famed for its great output of electrum coins struck from the late 6th through mid-4th centuries BC.[3] Mytilene
Mytilene
revolted against Athens
Athens
in 428 BC but was overcome by an Athenian expeditionary force. The Athenian public assembly voted to massacre all the men of the city and to sell the women and children into slavery but changed its mind the next day. A fast trireme sailed the 186 nautical miles (344 km) in less than a day and brought the decision to cancel the massacre. Aristotle
Aristotle
lived on Mytilene
Mytilene
for two years, 337-335 BC, with his friend and successor, Theophrastus
Theophrastus
(a native of the island), after becoming the tutor to Alexander, son of King Philip II of Macedon.[4][5] The Romans, among whom was a young Julius Caesar, successfully defeated Mytilene
Mytilene
in 81 BC at the Siege of Mytilene.[6] Although Mytilene
Mytilene
supported the losing side in most of the great wars of the 1st century BC, her statesmen succeeded in convincing Rome of her support of the new ruler of the Mediterranean and the city flourished in Roman times. In AD 56, Luke the Evangelist, Paul the Apostle
Paul the Apostle
and their companions stopped there briefly on the return trip of Paul's third missionary journey (Acts 20:14), having sailed from Assos
Assos
(about 50 km (31 mi) away). From Mytilene
Mytilene
they continued towards Chios
Chios
(Acts 20:15). The novel Daphnis and Chloe, by Longus, is set in the country around it and opens with a description of the city. Scholar and historian Zacharias Rhetor, also known as Zacharias of Mytilene
Mytilene
was from Mytilene
Mytilene
and lived from 465 to around 536. He was made Bishop
Bishop
of Mytilene
Mytilene
and may have been a Chalcedonian Christian. He either died and or was deposed around 536 and 553.[7] The city of Mytilene
Mytilene
was also home to 9th century Byzantine Saints who were brothers, Saint George the Archbishop of Mytilene, Saint Symeon Stylites of Lesbos, and Saint David the Monk. The Church of Saint Symeon, Mytilene
Mytilene
venerates one of the three brothers. Catching the eye of the Empress Zoe, Constantine IX Monomachos
Constantine IX Monomachos
was exiled to Mytilene
Mytilene
on the island of Lesbos
Lesbos
by her second husband, Michael IV. The death of Michael IV and the overthrow of Michael V in 1042 led to Constantine being recalled from his place of exile and appointed as a judge in Greece.[8] Lesbos
Lesbos
and Mytilene
Mytilene
had an established Jewish population since ancient times. In 1170 Benjamin of Tudela
Benjamin of Tudela
found ten small Jewish communities on the island.[9] In the Middle Ages, it was part of the Byzantine Empire
Byzantine Empire
and was occupied for some time by the Seljuqs under Tzachas
Tzachas
in 1085. In 1198, the Republic of Venice
Republic of Venice
obtained the right to commerce from the city's port. In the 13th century, it was captured by the Emperor of Nicaea, Theodore I Laskaris. In 1335, the Byzantines, with the help of Ottoman forces, reconquered the island, then property of the Genoese nobleman Domenico Cattaneo. In 1354, emperor John V Palaiologos
John V Palaiologos
gave it to the Genoese adventurer Francesco Gattilusio, who married the emperor's sister, Maria. They renovated the fortress in 1373, and it remained in Genoese hands until 1462, when it was captured by the Ottoman sultan Mehmed II. Geography and climate[edit]

Panorama of Mytilene.

Mytilene
Mytilene
is located in the southeastern part of the island, north and east of the Bay of Gera. It has a land area of 107.46 square kilometres (41.49 sq mi)[10] and a population of 36,196 inhabitants (2001). With a population density of 336.8/km² it is by far the most densely populated municipal unit in Lesbos. The next largest towns in the municipal unit are Vareiá (pop. 1,254), Pámfila (1,247), Mória (1,207), and Loutrá (1,118). The Greek National Road 36 connects Mytilene
Mytilene
with Kalloni. Farmlands surround Mytilene, the mountains cover the west and to the north. The airport is located a few kilometres south of town. Since the 2011 local government reform, the cities and towns within the municipality changed.[11] Province[edit] The province of Mytilene
Mytilene
(Greek: Επαρχία Μυτιλήνης) was one of the provinces of the Lesbos
Lesbos
Prefecture. Its territory corresponded with that of the current municipal units Mytilene, Agiasos, Evergetoulas, Gera, Loutropoli Thermis, Mantamados
Mantamados
and Polichnitos.[12] It was abolished in 2006. Climate[edit]

Climate data for Mytilene

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 20.2 (68.4) 21.3 (70.3) 28.0 (82.4) 31.0 (87.8) 35.0 (95) 40.0 (104) 39.5 (103.1) 38.2 (100.8) 36.2 (97.2) 30.8 (87.4) 27.0 (80.6) 22.5 (72.5) 40.0 (104)

Average high °C (°F) 12.1 (53.8) 12.6 (54.7) 14.6 (58.3) 19.0 (66.2) 23.9 (75) 28.5 (83.3) 30.4 (86.7) 30.2 (86.4) 26.7 (80.1) 21.7 (71.1) 17.2 (63) 13.8 (56.8) 20.9 (69.6)

Daily mean °C (°F) 9.5 (49.1) 9.9 (49.8) 11.6 (52.9) 15.6 (60.1) 20.2 (68.4) 24.7 (76.5) 26.6 (79.9) 26.1 (79) 22.9 (73.2) 18.5 (65.3) 14.3 (57.7) 11.3 (52.3) 17.6 (63.7)

Average low °C (°F) 6.7 (44.1) 7.0 (44.6) 8.0 (46.4) 11.2 (52.2) 15.2 (59.4) 19.3 (66.7) 21.6 (70.9) 21.4 (70.5) 18.5 (65.3) 14.8 (58.6) 11.4 (52.5) 8.7 (47.7) 13.7 (56.7)

Record low °C (°F) −4.4 (24.1) −3.0 (26.6) −1.2 (29.8) 4.0 (39.2) 8.4 (47.1) 11.0 (51.8) 15.8 (60.4) 16.3 (61.3) 10.9 (51.6) 5.2 (41.4) 1.4 (34.5) −1.4 (29.5) −4.4 (24.1)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 129.9 (5.114) 97.2 (3.827) 75.1 (2.957) 46.8 (1.843) 21.2 (0.835) 6.0 (0.236) 2.3 (0.091) 4.1 (0.161) 10.7 (0.421) 38.2 (1.504) 93.7 (3.689) 145.4 (5.724) 670.6 (26.402)

Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 9.0 8.1 6.5 4.8 2.7 0.8 0.4 0.4 1.3 3.3 6.8 10.0 54.1

Average relative humidity (%) 71.0 69.8 57.5 63.9 62.6 57.3 56.0 57.4 59.5 66.1 71.0 72.0 64.5

Source #1: Hellenic National Meteorological Service[13]

Source #2: NOAA[14]

Demographics[edit]

Year Town population Municipality population

1981 24,991 -

1991 23,971 33,157

2001 27,247 36,196

2011[1] 29,656 37,890

Economy[edit]

A bottle of ouzo

Mytilene
Mytilene
has a port with ferries to the nearby islands of Lemnos
Lemnos
and Chios
Chios
and Ayvalık
Ayvalık
and at times Dikili
Dikili
in Turkey. The port also serves the mainland cities of Piraeus, Athens
Athens
and Thessaloniki. One ship, named during the 2001 IAAF
IAAF
games in Edmonton
Edmonton
Aeolos Kenteris, after Kostas Kenteris, used to serve this city (his hometown) with 6-hour routes from Athens
Athens
and Thessaloniki. The main port serving Mytilene
Mytilene
on the Greek mainland is Piraeus. The city produces ouzo. There are more than 15 commercial producers on the island. The city exports sardines harvested from the Bay of Kalloni
Kalloni
and olive oil and woodwork. Landmarks and architecture[edit]

Old mansion, one of the many in the town

The town of Mytilene
Mytilene
has a large number of neoclassical buildings, public and private houses. Some of them are the building of the Lesbos Prefecture, the old City Hall, the Experimental Lyceum and various mansions and hotels all over the town. The Baroque church of Saint Therapon dominates at the port with its impressive style.

Ancient Theatre of Mytilene Archaeological
Archaeological
Museum of Mytilene Castle of Mytilene Church of Saint Symeon, Mytilene Catholic Church of Theotokos, where part of the relics of Saint Valentine are kept Çarşı Hamam ("Market Bath") Ecclesiastical Byzantine Museum of Mytilene Folk Art Museum of Mytilene Monastery of Agios Raphael Museum of Costume and Embroidery of Lesvos Statue of Liberty (Mytilene) Theofilos Museum Yeni Cami, Mytilene

Refugee camps[edit] Background[edit] In 2015 the island of Lesbos
Lesbos
began to draw international attention because of what has been popularized as the European refugee crisis. Facing economic crises, oppressive governments, violence, and war, thousands of people from Syria, Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Nigeria, Somalia, and other countries have decided to leave their homes and seek safety in Europe. As the capital of Lesbos, the city of Mytilene has become a primary entry point for refugees and migrants who seek to pass through Greece
Greece
to resettle elsewhere in Europe. A refugee's journey to Mytilene
Mytilene
involves a series of strategic steps. Individuals often travel by foot, car, bus, and boat to reach Turkey before taking boats across the Aegean Sea
Aegean Sea
to Lesbos. Mytilene
Mytilene
serves as a doorway to the Greek mainland and thus to the European countries, such as Holland, Sweden, and Italy, in which refugees often desire to settle. In the past two years, over half a million people have arrived in Lesbos.[15] Some have drowned on the journey, because of the dangerous nature of traveling by boat without lifejackets and also because they have been sold faulty lifejackets by smugglers.[16] Others have suffered from hypothermia. The number of individuals coming through Lesbos
Lesbos
has dwindled since the signing of the controversial EU- Turkey
Turkey
deal which restricted the number of refugees that could legally resettle in Europe. The deal stated that persons arriving in Greece
Greece
by first traveling through Turkey
Turkey
would, after March 20, 2016, be deported from Greece
Greece
and sent back to Turkey
Turkey
if Greece
Greece
did not confer them asylum status.[17] As of July 2017, seventy to eighty refugees are still arriving in Greece
Greece
daily despite the deal and "many of them on Lesbos", according to Daniel Esdras, the chief of the International Organization for Migration (IOM).[18] Moria[edit] Formerly a prison, Moria is a refugee camp located in a village near Mytilene. Enclosed with barbed wire and a chain-link fence, the camp serves as a European Union receiving center or “hotspot”. When refugees first arrive in Mytilene
Mytilene
seeking asylum, they must be screened in Moria and cannot be placed into any of the other nearby camps until they are processed there. The camp was built to accommodate around 700 people, though over the past two years,[when?] thousands of people have often arrived in a single month. Because of extreme overcrowding, the camp authorities established makeshift living quarters in an olive grove behind the camp. Human Rights Watch has termed the camp as "unfit for animals".[19] In October 2017, Afghan refugees protested the Moria's poor conditions and the violence prevalent in the camp.[20] Kara Tepe[edit] Kara Tepe is a camp in Mytilene, residing on a hill in the northern part of the town. The camp, which was at one time a driving school, has been transformed into a living space for around 700 refugees classified as vulnerable.[21] PIKPA Camp (Lesvos Solidarity)[edit] PIKPA camp or Lesvos Solidarity, once a children’s holiday camp, aims to support the most vulnerable refugees who pass through Mytilene: families with children, the disabled, women who are pregnant, and the injured. The camp focuses on humanitarian aid and on providing for the various needs of refugees, including food, medical help, clothing, and psychological support.[22] Archaeology[edit]

Mytilene
Mytilene
aqueduct

The Roman aqueduct at Moria

Archaeological
Archaeological
investigations at Mytilene
Mytilene
began in the late 19th century when Robert Koldewey (later excavator of Babylon) and a group of German colleagues spent many months on the island preparing plans of the visible remains at various ancient sites like Mytilene. Significant excavations, however, do not seem to have started until after the First World War when in the mid-1920s Evangelides uncovered much of the famous theatre (according to Plutarch it was the inspiration for Pompey's theatre in Rome in 55 BC, the first permanent stone theatre in that city) on the hill on the western side of town. Subsequent work in the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s by various members of the Archaeological
Archaeological
Service revealed more of the theatre, including a Roman conversion to a gladiatorial arena. Salvage excavations carried out by the Archaeological
Archaeological
Service in many areas of the city have revealed sites going back to the Early Bronze Age although most have been much later ( Hellenistic
Hellenistic
and Roman). Particularly significant is a large stoa over a hundred metres long recently dug on the North Harbour of the city. It is clear from various remains in different parts of the city that Mytilene
Mytilene
was indeed laid out on a grid plan as the Roman architect Vitruvius had written.[citation needed]

Remains of the ancient theatre

View of the Castle of Mytilene

The Liberty Statue of Mytilene.

Archaeological
Archaeological
excavations carried out between 1984 and 1994 in the Medieval Castle of Mytilene
Castle of Mytilene
by the University of British Columbia
University of British Columbia
and directed by Caroline and Hector Williams revealed a previously unknown sanctuary of Demeter
Demeter
and Kore of late classical/ Hellenistic
Hellenistic
date and the burial chapel of the Gattelusi, the medieval Genoese family that ruled the northern Aegean from the mid-14th to mid-15th centuries of our era. The Demeter
Demeter
sanctuary included five altars for sacrifices to Demeter
Demeter
and Kore and later also to Cybele, the great mother goddess of Anatolia. Among the discoveries were thousands of oil lamps, terracotta figurines, loom weights and other dedications to the goddesses. Numerous animal bones, especially of piglets, also appeared. The Chapel of St. John served as the church of the castle and as a burial place for the Gattelusi
Gattelusi
family and its dependents. Although conversion to a mosque after the Ottoman capture of the city in 1462 resulted in the destruction of many graves some remained. The great earthquake of February 1867 damaged the building beyond repair and it was demolished; the Turks built a new mosque over the ruins to replace it later in the 19th century. Other excavations done jointly with the K' Ephoreia of Prehistoric and Classical Antiquities near the North Harbour of the city uncovered a multiperiod site with remains extending from a late Ottoman cemetery (including a "vampire" burial, a middle aged man with 20 cm (8 in) spikes through his neck, middle and ankles) to a substantial Roman building constructed around a colonnaded courtyard (probably a tavern/brothel in its final phase in the mid-4th century CE) to remains of Hellenistic
Hellenistic
structures and debris from different Hellenistic
Hellenistic
manufacturing processes (pottery, figurines, cloth making and dyeing, bronze and iron working) to archaic and classical levels with rich collections of Aeolic
Aeolic
grey wares. A section of the late classical city wall runs across the site which was close to the channel that divided the mainland from the off shore island part of the city. Considerable remains of the two moles that protected the large North Harbour of the city are still visible just below or just breaking the surface of the sea; it functioned as the commercial harbour of the ancient city although today it is a quiet place where a few small fishing boats are moored.[citation needed] The city has two excellent archaeological museums, one by the south harbour in an old mansion and the other two hundred metres further north in a large new purpose built structure. The former contains the rich Bronze Age remains from Thermi, a site north of Mytilene
Mytilene
dug by the British in the 1930s as well as extensive pottery and figurine displays; the former coach house accommodates ancient inscriptions, architectural pieces, and coins. The latter museum is especially rich in mosaics and sculpture, including the famous late Roman mosaic floor from the "House of Menander" with scenes from plays by that Athenian 4th-century BC playwright. There are also mosaics and finds from other Roman mansions excavated by the Archaeological
Archaeological
Service under the direction of the archeologist Mme. Aglaia Archontidou-Argyri. Education[edit] There are 15 primary schools in Mytilene, along with seven lyceums, and eight gymnasiums.[citation needed] There are six university schools with 3671 undergraduates, the largest in the University of the Aegean. Here also is the Rector, the central administration of the Foundation[clarification needed], the Central Library and the Research Committee of Aegean University. The University of Aegean is housed in privately owned buildings, in rented buildings located in the city centre, and in modern buildings on University Hill. Sporting teams[edit]

Mytilene
Mytilene
Municipal Stadium

Aiolikos, football club Kalloni, football club

Famous Mytilenians[edit] Ancient[edit]

Alcaeus and Sappho, Attic red-figure calathus, c.470 BC, Staatliche Antikensammlungen.

Alcaeus (6th century BC), Greek poet.[23] Sappho, Ancient Greek Lyric Poet. Plato called her "wise" and "Tenth Muse". Pittacus
Pittacus
(c. 640-568 BC), one of the Seven Sages of Greece. Hellanicus (mid-5th century BC), Greek historian.[24] Chares (4th century BC), Greek historian and chamberlain to Alexander the Great.[25] Scamon (4th century BC), Greek historian and son of Hellanicus.[26] Praxiphanes (4th century BC), Greek philosopher.[27] Aeschines, Greek rhetorician.[28] Eunicus, Greek sculptor and silversmith. Hermarchus (3rd century BC), Greek philosopher.[29] Potamon (1st century AD), Greek rhetorician.[30] Lesbonax (1st century BC), Greek sophist and rhetorician. Crinagoras (70 BC-18 AD), Greek epigrammatist and ambassador, poet of "Palatine Poetry". Theophanes, middle of 1st century BC, Greek statesman, close friend of Pompey the Great.[31] Theophrastus, Ancient Greek philosopher, student of Aristotle. Christopher (11th century), Greek poet.[32]

Religious[edit]

Saint Parthenios (1600–1657), Ecumenical Patriarch and religious martyr Santa Thomais (910–1030), nun, philanthropist and healer

Modern[edit]

Theophilos Hatzimihail

Georgios Jakobides

Theophilos Hatzimihail
Theophilos Hatzimihail
(c.1870–1934), Greek painter Stratis Myrivilis (1892–1969), Greek writer Odysseas Elytis
Odysseas Elytis
(1911–1996), Greek poet, Nobel Laureate in 1979 Argyris Eftaliotis (1849–1923),(née Cleanthis Michailidis), Greek writer Fotis Kontoglou
Fotis Kontoglou
(Aivali, origin of Mytilene) (1895–1965) Greek writer and painter. Hermon di Giovanno (c. 1900–1968), Greek painter Nikos Fermas (1905–1972), Greek actor Irini Mouchou
Irini Mouchou
(born 1987), triathlete Giorgos Mouflouzelis (1912–1991), Greek composer - Rebetiko Panagiotis Polychronis (1854–1941), Greek artist: photographer, lithographist and painter. Leo Rapitis (1906–1957), Greek singer Konstantinos Kenteris (born 1973), Greek athlete Alexis Panselinos
Alexis Panselinos
(1903–1984), Greek writer Sophocles Vournazos (1853–1889), Greek philanthropist and founder of Mytilene's academic buildings. Tériade (1889–1983), Greek art critic, patron, and publisher Nicholas Kampas (1857–1932), Greek poet Nicholas Athanasiadis (1904–1990), Greek theatre writer, literature writer, poet. Ioannis Hatzidaniel (1850–1912), Greek painter and photographer. Ioannis Giannelis, Republican Senator (Nea Dimokratia) Solon Lekkas, Singer of traditional music from Asia Minor. Giannis Bournellis, comedian, actor. Christos Touramanis, particle physicist Michalis Pavlis (born 1989), football player and coach Hayreddin Barbarossa
Hayreddin Barbarossa
( 1478-1546), Ottoman admiral Ahmed Djemal Pasha
Ahmed Djemal Pasha
(1872-1922), Ottoman military leader, perpetrator of the Armenian Genocide Tamburi Ali Efendi ( 1836-1902 ), Turkishh Musician Oruç Reis
Oruç Reis
( 1478-1518), Ottoman bey

Fictional[edit]

Lysimachus, in Shakespeare's Pericles, Prince of Tyre

Twin cities[edit] Mytilene
Mytilene
is twinned with:[33]

Brod, Kosovo Corfu, Greece Kalamaria, Greece Lamia, Greece Paphos, Cyprus Preveza, Greece Portland, Maine, United States Setouchi, Japan

Gallery[edit]

Ancient mosaic in the Archaeological
Archaeological
Museum of Mytilene

The old city hall

Experimental Lyceum School of Mytilene

Hotel Pyrgos

Mytilene
Mytilene
downtown from the sea

Mytilene
Mytilene
from the sea

Mytilene
Mytilene
fishing harbor

Mytilene
Mytilene
local store

Mytilene
Mytilene
life

Mytilene
Mytilene
homes from above

Mytilene
Mytilene
homes

Mytilene
Mytilene
traditional private home

Mytilene
Mytilene
chapel

Mytilene
Mytilene
furniture artists

See also[edit]

List of settlements in Lesbos University of the Aegean

References[edit]

^ a b c "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority.  ^ Harbor of Mytilene
Mytilene
Archived 2014-08-08 at the Wayback Machine. accessed July 31, 2014 ^ Asia Minor Coins - ancient coins of Mytilene ^ Bio of Theophrastus
Theophrastus
accessed December 11, 2007 ^ Grade Saver bio on Aristotle
Aristotle
accessed December 11, 2007 ^ Thorne, James (2003). Julius Caesar: Conqueror and Dictator. The Rosen Publishing Group. p. 34. ISBN 978-0-8239-3595-6.  ^ The Syriac Chronicle Known as That of Zachariah of Mitylene accessed July 31, 2014 ^ Finlay George "History of the Byzantine Empire
Byzantine Empire
from 716 – 1057" William Blackwood & Sons, 1853 ^ Before The Deluge: Jews Of The Mediterranean Islands (Part I) accessed July 31, 2014 ^ "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. area and average elevation)" (PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-09-21.  ^ Kallikratis law Greece
Greece
Ministry of Interior (in Greek) ^ "Detailed census results 1991" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-03.  (39 MB) (in Greek) (in French) ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-12-16. Retrieved 2011-04-03.  – Hellenic National Meteorological Service ^ "MITILINI Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 29, 2013.  ^ "Refugee Flows to Lesvos: Evolution of a Humanitarian Response". migrationpolicy.org. 2016-01-28. Retrieved 2017-12-10.  ^ "Fake Life Jackets". The Worldwide Tribe. 2016-01-19. Retrieved 2017-12-10.  ^ "Q&A: EU- Turkey
Turkey
refugee deal explained". Middle East Eye. Retrieved 2017-12-10.  ^ (www.dw.com), Deutsche Welle. "Violence becoming commonplace in Moria refugee camp Germany Guide for Refugees DW 21.07.2017". DW.COM. Retrieved 2017-12-10.  ^ "Greece: Refugee "Hotspots" Unsafe, Unsanitary". Human Rights Watch. 2016-05-19. Retrieved 2017-12-10.  ^ "Refugees protest poor conditions in hot spot Moria, Lesvos, and VIAL, Chios". www.keeptalkinggreece.com. Retrieved 2017-12-10.  ^ "Lesvos refugee camp transformed by activities, classes, Anthi Pazianou Kathimerini". Retrieved 2017-12-10.  ^ "lesvossolidarity.org". www.lesvossolidarity.org. Retrieved 2017-12-10.  ^ D. Gerber, Greek Lyric I: Sappho
Sappho
and Alcaeus (1982). ^ Hellanikos von Mytilene, Die Fragmente der Griechischen Historiker no. 4. ^ Chares von Mytilene, Die Fragmente der Griechischen Historiker no. 125. ^ Skamon of Mytilene, Brill's New Pauly no. 476. ^ F. Wehrli, Phainias von Eresos, Chamaileon, Praxiphanes (1945). ^ Diogenes Laertius 2.64. ^ F. Longo Aurrichio, Ermarcho. Frammenti (1988). ^ Potamon of Mytilene, Die Fragmente der Griechischen Historiker continued Part IV no. 1085. ^ Theophanes of Mytilene, Brill's New Jacoby no. 188. ^ E. Follieri, I calendari in metro innografico di Cristoforo Mitileneo(1980). ^ Twinned cities Archived 2014-10-31 at the Wayback Machine. accessed October 31, 2014

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mytilene.

Official website (in Greek) Calendar of Lesvos Tourist Guide of Mytilene-Lesvos (in Greek) (in English) (in Turkish)

v t e

Subdivisions of the municipality of Lesbos

Municipal unit of Agia Paraskevi

Agia Paraskevi Napi

Municipal unit of Agiasos

Agiasos

Municipal unit of Eresos-Antissa

Antissa Chidira Eresos Mesotopos Pterounta Sigri Vatoussa

Municipal unit of Evergetoulas

Asomatos Ippeio Kato Tritos Kerameia Lampou Myloi Mychos Sykounta

Municipal unit of Gera

Mesagros Palaiokipos Pappados Perama Plakados Skopelos

Municipal unit of Kalloni

Agra Anemotia Arisvi Dafia Filia Kalloni Kerami Parakoila Skalochori

Municipal unit of Loutropoli Thermis

Komi Loutropoli Thermis Mistegna Nees Kydonies Pigi Pyrgoi Thermis

Municipal unit of Mantamados

Kapi Kleio Mantamados Pelopi

Municipal unit of Mithymna

Argennos Lepetymnos Mithymna Sykaminia

Municipal unit of Mytilene

Afalonas Agia Marina Alyfanta Loutra Moria Mytilene Pamfila Panagiouda Taxiarches

Municipal unit of Petra

Lafionas Petra Skoutaros Stypsi Ypsilometopo

Municipal unit of Plomari

Akrasi Ampeliko Megalochori Neochori Palaiochori Plagia Plomari Trygonas

Municipal unit of Polichnitos

Lisvori Polichnitos Stavros Vasilika Vrisa

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  Prefectural capitals of Greece

Agios Nikolaos Alexandroupoli Amfissa Argostoli Arta Athens Chalcis Chania Chios Corfu Corinth Drama Edessa Ermoupoli Florina Grevena Heraklion Igoumenitsa Ioannina Kalamata Karditsa Karpenisi Kastoria Katerini Kavala Kilkis Komotini Kozani Lamia Larissa Lefkada Livadeia Missolonghi Mytilene Nafplion Pallini Patras Piraeus Polygyros Preveza Pyrgos Rethymno Rhodes Serres Sparta Thessaloniki Trikala Tripoli Vathy Veria Volos Xanthi Zakynthos

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  Capitals of regions of Greece

Athens
Athens
(Attica) Corfu
Corfu
(Ionian Islands) Heraklion
Heraklion
(Crete) Ioannina
Ioannina
(Epirus) Komotini
Komotini
(East Macedonia and Thrace) Kozani
Kozani
(West Macedonia) Lamia (Central Greece) Larissa
Larissa
(Thessaly) Mytilene
Mytilene
(North Aegean) Patras
Patras
(West Greece) Ermoupoli
Ermoupoli
(South Aegean) Thessaloniki
Thessaloniki
(Central Macedonia) Tripoli (Peloponnese)

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Landmarks of Lesbos

Castle of Mytilene Eresos Fikiotripa Kalamiaris palm forest Kalloni Mithymna Mytilene Petra Petrified forest of Lesbos Plomari Roman Aqueduct of Mytilene Saint Ignatios Monastery Saint Therapon Statue of Liberty (Mytilene) Ypsilou Monastery

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Third Journey of Paul the Apostle

1. Galatia 2. Phrygia 3. Ephesus 4. Macedonia 5. Corinth 6. Cenchreae 7. Macedonia (again) 8. Troas 9. Assos 10. Mytilene 11. Chios 12. Samos 13. Miletus 14. Cos 15. Rhodes 16. Patara 17. Tyre 18. Ptolemais 19. Caesarea 20. Jerusalem

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Former provinces of Greece

Grouped by region and prefecture

Attica

East and West Attica

Attica

Piraeus

Aegina Hydra Kythira Piraeus Troizinia

West Attica

Megaris

Central Greece

Boeotia

Livadeia Thebes

Euboea

Chalcis Istiaia Karystia

Phocis

Dorida Parnassida

Phthiotis

Domokos Locris Phthiotis

Central Macedonia

Chalkidiki

Arnaia Chalkidiki

Imathia

Imathia Naousa

Kilkis

Kilkis Paionia

Pella

Almopia Edessa Giannitsa

Serres

Fyllida Serres Sintiki Visaltia

Thessaloniki

Lagkadas Thessaloniki

Crete

Chania

Apokoronas Kissamos Kydonia Selino Sfakia

Heraklion

Kainourgio Malevizi Monofatsi Pediada Pyrgiotissa Temenos Viannos

Lasithi

Ierapetra Lasithi Mirampello Siteia

Rethymno

Agios Vasileios Amari Mylopotamos Rethymno

East Macedonia and Thrace

Evros

Alexandroupoli Didymoteicho Orestiada Samothrace Soufli

Kavala

Kavala Nestos Pangaio Thasos

Rhodope

Komotini Sapes

Epirus

Ioannina

Dodoni Konitsa Metsovo Pogoni

Thesprotia

Filiates Margariti Souli Thyamida

Ionian Islands

Corfu

Corfu Paxoi

Kefallinia

Ithaca Kranaia Pali Sami

North Aegean

Lesbos

Lemnos Mithymna Mytilene Plomari

Samos

Ikaria Samos

Peloponnese

Arcadia

Gortynia Kynouria Mantineia Megalopoli

Argolis

Argos Ermionida Nafplia

Laconia

Epidavros Limira Gytheio Lacedaemon Oitylo

Messenia

Kalamai Messini Pylia Trifylia

South Aegean

Cyclades

Andros Kea Milos Naxos Paros Syros Thira Tinos

Dodecanese

Kalymnos Karpathos Kos Rhodes

Thessaly

Larissa

Agia Elassona Farsala Larissa Tyrnavos

Magnesia

Almyros Skopelos Volos

Trikala

Kalampaka Trikala

West Greece

Achaea

Aigialeia Kalavryta Patras

Aetolia-Acarnania

Missolonghi Nafpaktia Trichonida Valtos Vonitsa-Xiromero

Elis

Elis Olympia

West Macedonia

Kozani

Eordaia Kozani Voio

Note: not all prefectures were subdivided into provinces.

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 244569541 GND: 4101042-5 BNF: cb1555

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