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The Munich
Munich
tramway is the tramway network for the city of Munich
Munich
in Germany. Today it is operated by the municipally owned Münchner Verkehrsgesellschaft (the Munich
Munich
Transport Company, or MVG) and is known officially and colloquially as the Tram. Previous operators have included Société Anonyme des Tramways de Munich, the Münchner Trambahn-Aktiengesellschaft, the Städtische Straßenbahnen and the Straßenbahn München. The tram network interconnects with the MVG's bus network, the Munich U-Bahn
U-Bahn
and the Munich
Munich
S-Bahn, all of which use a common tariff as part of the Münchner Verkehrs- und Tarifverbund
Münchner Verkehrs- und Tarifverbund
( Munich
Munich
Transport and Tariff Association, or MVV) transit area. As of 2012, the daytime tram network comprises 13 lines[2][3] and is 79 kilometres (49 mi) long with 165 stops.[2] There is also a night tram service with four routes.[2] The network is operated by 106 trams (as of 2012),[2] and transported 98 million people in 2010[4] and 104 million people in 2012.[2]

Contents

1 History 2 Operation

2.1 Vehicles

2.1.1 M Tram 2.1.2 P Tram 2.1.3 R Tram 2.1.4 T Tram

2.2 Network

2.2.1 Daytime routes 2.2.2 Night routes

3 Future developments 4 References 5 External links

History[edit]

A type A2.2 tram from 1901 in the MVG museum

A type M4.65 tram from the 1950s in the Deutsches Museum

The tramway started in 1876, with a horsecar service.[2] The first tramways extended from Karlsplatz (Stachus), which remains one of central nodes of Munich's tram network. Two years later, the Société Anonyme des Tramways de Munich
Munich
was founded. In 1882, the Münchner Trambahn-Aktiengesellschaft (MTAG) was founded.[2][5] Electric trams were introduced in 1895,[2] and in 1900, the last horsecar was taken out of service.[2] In 1907, MTAG was taken over by the city, and changed its name to Städtische Straßenbahnen. In 1919, the municipal agency Münchner Straßenbahnen was established. After World War II ended in 1945, only twenty tram lines remained; of 444 trams, only 168 were in operational condition. In 1956, the first new tram line after the war was opened.[2] The 1972 Munich
Munich
Olympic Games presaged a major expansion of public transport in the city. In 1965, construction of the Munich
Munich
U-Bahn, the city's rapid transit system, was started. It opened in 1971, the same year as the transit authority MVV was founded. In 1972 a new S-Bahn network opened that, like the U-Bahn, was carried in new tunnels under the city centre. As these networks grew, they seemed to threaten the tram network, with extensive line closures in favour of the new modes.[5] Such closures continued into the 1990s, but in 1991 the city council passed a plan to upgrade and modernize the tramway, as the trams were seen to be a better fit to expected passenger flows on many routes. Three years later, Class R2 low-floor trams were introduced, along with a night network. These were followed, in 1999, by the larger class R3 trams. In 2001, the voltage on which the trams operate was increased from 600 to 750 V. The following year the MVG was formed.[2][5] In 2009 the brand new route 23 was opened.[2] This route acts as a feeder route for U-Bahn
U-Bahn
lines U3 and U6, to which it connects in an elaborate terminus above Münchner Freiheit U-Bahn
U-Bahn
station. The line has no interchanges with other tram routes, but is linked to the rest of the tram network by a connecting track that carries no public service.[5] At the same time,February 2009, class S trams, built to the Variotram
Variotram
design, were introduced. In December 2011 an extension was opened from the previous Effnerplatz terminus to St. Emmeram.[2] The extension was 4.3 kilometres (2.7 mi) long and added seven new tram stops to the network. Tram route 16 was extended to serve St. Emmeram, with knock-on effects on routes 17, 18 and 27.[5][6] In December 2012 new routes 22 and 28 were opened.[7] In December 2013, the extension of route 19, from its previous terminus at Pasing-Marienplatz to München-Pasing railway station, was opened in order to enable better interchange with S-Bahn
S-Bahn
and long-distance train services.[8] In December 2016, route 25 was extended to the east of the city, from Max Weber Platz to Berg am Laim S-Bahn
S-Bahn
station. The extension comprises 2.8 kilometres (1.7 mi) of segregated alignment with seven new stops, and a journey time of approximately eight minutes. The area served is undergoing redevelopment.[9] Operation[edit] Vehicles[edit]

A Munich
Munich
P class tram set

A Munich
Munich
R3 class tram

The tram system uses five classes of tram:

The class P tram is a two-section high-floor articulated motor tram carried on two four-wheeled trucks, usually operating with a similar articulated trailer tram. The trams were built by Rathgeber between 1967 and 1969, and a two-car set carries 315 passengers, with 151 seated. As of 2011[update], there are only six sets remaining, of which two are reserved for special services. The Class P tram was withdrawn in November 2014 for a short time.[10] The class R2 tram is a three-section 100% low-floor articulated motor tram carried on six axles. The trams were built by Adtranz
Adtranz
to their GT6N
GT6N
design between 1994 and 1997, and carry 157 passengers, of whom 58 are seated. As of 2011, 68 trams are in service, operating on all lines.[11] The class R3 tram is a four-section 100% low-floor articulated motor tram carried on eight axles. The trams were built by Adtranz
Adtranz
to their GT8N2
GT8N2
design between 1999 and 2001, and carry 218 passengers, of whom 67 are seated. As of 2011, 20 trams are in service, operating on lines 17, 19, 20, 21, 27, and also 25 on school holidays and weekend.[12] The class S tram is a five-section 100% low-floor articulated motor tram carried on eight axles. The trams were built by Stadler to their Variotram
Variotram
design, and carry 221 passengers, of whom 75 are seated. Four trams of this design were delivered in 2009, and a further 10 are on order, with delivery expected in 2011, operating on lines 19, 20, 21 and 22.[13][14][15] The class T1 tram is a four-section 100% low-floor articulated motor tram carried on eight axles. The trams were built by Siemens
Siemens
to their Avenio
Avenio
design and carry 220 passengers. Eight trams are on order, and the first was delivered to Munich
Munich
in November 2012.[16] The first car (or cars) entered service on 17 September 2014 on line 19.[17]

A number of older trams are still owned by the MVG. Some are displayed in the MVG Museum, and may occasionally be seen on special services. Other Munich
Munich
trams are displayed in the 'Verkehrszentrum' (Transport Centre) of the Deutsches Museum
Deutsches Museum
in Munich. M Tram[edit] In 1950, the modernization of the fleet began with modern open-top cars. In contrast to other companies instead of four-axle Lenkdreiachser chose. The first four drive and two sidecar were delivered in 1950 as a pilot series M 1.62 by Rathgeber. [91] [92] [90] Based on the experience with the M 1, in 1952/53 the improved M 2.63 series with eight engines and sidecar was delivered. The vehicles in this series each had three doors after it came to problems in the pre-series, which had four doors. The entry and exit followed the principle of passenger flow. The last built railcar type M 2 possessed as the first for all other M-railcars "authoritative and formative face" with inclined and rounded windscreen and the above the target plate on the roof patch line number box, leading to the "face" of the Munich
Munich
tram after the war has been. In 1975, due to the network reduction, the entire M2 / m2 series left service again. After the Series M2 cars had proved successful both operationally and technically in Munich's post-war traffic, from 1953 the large series M 3.64 / m 3.64 were procured with only slight structural changes. Thus, all old cars of the A and B series could be taken out of service until 1960. From 1963 to 1965, 75 more M / m cars of the modified and improved 5.65 / 5.65 series were delivered. The scissor pantograph was replaced by an one-arm pantograph; In addition, the telescopic sliding doors have been replaced by outward opening swing doors. For the first time, a GEAMATIC controller was fitted as standard. As there were 8 three-wagon trains on the line, consisting of two traction and one sidecar, considerably more traction than side-wagons were procured. This form of operation was abolished in 1972 again, last time drove two railcars (as a double traction) in 1983. In the 1970s, therefore, trailed the M 5.65 series often as two coupled railcars. From 1983, after numerous older M-type M 4.65 railcars were decommissioned and scrapped due to new subway openings, the M 5.65 cars partially operated as a two-car train with an M 4.65 sidecar. The last vehicles of type M drove on 7 December 1998 in the regular service. From Pentecost Saturday to the beginning of October, the M 4.65 / m 4.65 set 2412/3407 is on the road as a Munich- Tram
Tram
city tour or in Advent as a Christkindl Tram. These were primarily replaced by R series trams. P Tram[edit] In 1959/1960, it was experimented with two articulated cars of the series P 1.65, which were based on the M-streetcar. Since two conductors were required for them, the trains did not prove themselves and were only in operation until 1975. In 1963, Rathgeber ordered two prototype trains of a completely new type of short-distance articulated vehicle developed in Bremen, each consisting of one railcar and one sidecar. They were called P 2 in Munich. The prototypes proved their worth, so that between 1967 and 1969 a series of 42 railcars (class P 3.16) and 38 sidecar (type p 3.17) were procured. Because of their high capacity, the P-cars were used on the most heavily loaded lines. In the 1970s and 1980s, the cars ran mainly on the subway feeder lines in the outdoor area. Because of newly built subway routes, the P-cars later migrated back to inner-city lines. The P / p 2 cars were decommissioned in 1982 (railcar) and 1989 (sidecar). Since the 1990s, after delivery of the successor type R 3.3, the P / p 3 trains are retired. Between 2001 and 2003, many cars were delivered to Romania for use on the tram Timişoara and the tram Bucharest. Other trains were scrapped or given to private interested parties. After temporarily only one car had been used in regular service, six P 3.16 cars and five sidecars were in line use again in mid-2014. Since lower vehicle requirements were expected after approval of the new Avenio
Avenio
vehicles, MVG issued two motor coaches and one sidecar at the end of 2014 and another one in 2016. At present, three railcars and three sidecars are now operational. Due to renewed series damage on the Vario trains, the P-cars were used from January 2015 on up to three courses on line 28. Currently (as of September 2016), only two courses on the 21/28 line are planned. In the MVG Museum
MVG Museum
another railcar was preserved as an inoperable exhibit. It was disassembled in the context of spare parts procurement in early 2016. R Tram[edit] After 1985 had been tested two articulated railcars from Nuremberg (in Munich
Munich
listed as series N), but had proved to be too small for the passenger volume in Munich, they planned new short-haul cars similar to the series P. But they decided in Munich, to buy three prototypes of a three-piece low-floor car of the GTxN / M / S system from Adtranz as test vehicles. The three cars were delivered 1990/91 and formed the series R 1.1. The cars had two joints and three self-supporting steel car bodies. The trams had cornering and turning loop problems because they were not aligned for that size. The three R 1.1 cars are no longer part of MVG's inventory since they were returned to the manufacturer. Nevertheless, the prototypes proved to be successful, so that a series procurement of the type GT6N, designated in Munich
Munich
as series R 2.2, was made by MVG. Between 1994 and 1997, a total of 70 three-part low-floor flights were procured. From the outside the R 1.1 similar, many changes were made in the interior. So far, two type R 2.2 trains have been taken out of service after accidents. Towards the end of the 1990s, additional low-floor vehicles with a higher capacity than the R 2.2 series were purchased. After a GT6N
GT6N
from Nuremberg of Adtranz
Adtranz
received two reconstructed double joints between the 2nd and 3rd car part, he became the four-part prototype of the GT8N2. The Nuremberg test vehicle was also tested in the Munich
Munich
tram network and proved itself. In Munich
Munich
there are 20 trains of the R 3.3. They were delivered between 1999 and 2001. Although the R 3.3 is based directly on the R 2.2, a modified, edged shape was chosen for the front of the vehicle. In addition, it now has six doors and has a more modern look than its predecessor. Since 2010, around 50 R 2.2 trains have been renewed by a subsidiary of Leipziger Verkehrsbetriebe. This should make the tram more spacious, get a higher capacity and wear the colors of the MVG outside. T Tram[edit] In May 2014, MVG announced a prequalification procedure in which interested manufacturers can submit vehicle designs to the proposals. Due to the increasingly popular and busy trams trams were tendered with double traction, which should be a total of 48 meters long. The trams are to be used on the lines of the trams 20, 21 and 22, which together already form an overloaded two-minute cycle. The double traction trains, which are to consist of two coupled tramways, should provide space for 270 passengers. Double traction was first used on the Munich
Munich
tram in 1965 with the M5 railcars to offer M / M / m three-car trains on heavily loaded routes. However, for these trains to be able to travel, the stops still need to be extended. The trams should be added to the Munich
Munich
fleet in 2017 at the earliest. On 6 June 2014, the new type of car for Munich
Munich
was advertised throughout Europe. In October 2015, MVG finally commissioned 22 more Avenio
Avenio
railcars from Siemens. Nine two-piece and nine three-piece Avenio
Avenio
cars were ordered, which can be coupled with each other. Furthermore, four more four-part trams of the previous type have been ordered. The contract also includes an option for up to 124 other trams. The 22 new trams will be delivered from mid-2017. Network[edit]

Map of the network

A class R2 tram on route 19 at Ostbahnhof

A new class S tram on reserved track

Tram
Tram
junction at Kurfuerstenplatz

A diverted tram in the extensive, but now little used, Olympic Park tram station

As of 2012, the Munich
Munich
tram network comprises thirteen daytime routes and four night routes.[2] The tram network totals 79 kilometres (49 mi) of route length,[2] including 55 kilometres (34 mi) of segregated tram lane,[2] with 165 stops.[2][5] The network is standard gauge track and configured to allow a maximum body width of 2.3 metres (7 ft 7 in). It is electrified using overhead lines at 750 VDC. As all Munich
Munich
trams are single ended, facilities for turning trams, such as turning loops or wye tracks, are provided at all termini and strategic intermediate points.[2][5][13] Daytime routes[edit] The daytime route network operates between 04:45 and 01:30, and comprises the following routes:[3]

Line Route Stops Time

Scheidplatz U 2 U 3 - Hohenzollernplatz U 2 - Leonrodplatz - Rotkreuzplatz U 1 - Romanplatz 17 21 min

Max-Weber-Platz U 4 U 5 - Rosenheimer Platz - Ostfriedhof - Silberhornstraße U 2 - Wettersteinplatz U 1 - Großhesseloher Brücke 16 24 min

Romanplatz – Donnersbergerstraße
Donnersbergerstraße
– Hackerbrücke – Hauptbahnhof U 1 U 2 U 4 U 5 – Sendlinger Tor U 1 U 2 U 3 U 6 – Isartor – Max-Weber-Platz U 4 U 5 – Herkomerplatz – Effnerplatz — Arabellapark U 4 — St. Emmeram 36 49 min

Amalienburgstraße – Romanplatz – Donnersbergerstraße
Donnersbergerstraße
– Hackerbrücke – Hauptbahnhof U 1 U 2 U 4 U 5 – Karlsplatz U 4 U 5 – Sendlinger Tor U 1 U 2 U 3 U 6 – Fraunhoferstraße U 1 U 2 – Mariahilfplatz
Mariahilfplatz
- Ostfriedhof – Giesing Bahnhof S 3 S 7 U 2 – Schwanseestraße 29 35 min

Gondrellplatz – Westendstraße U 4 U 5 – Lautensackstraße – Trappentreustraße – Hauptbahnhof Süd U 1 U 2 U 4 U 5 – Karlsplatz U 4 U 5 – Sendlinger Tor U 1 U 2 U 3 U 6 – Isartor – Maxmonument - Tivolistraße – Herkomerplatz – Effnerplatz - Arabellapark U 4 — St. Emmeram (Effnerplatz - St. Emmeram during the peak hours only) 32 41 min

München-Pasing S 3 S 4 S 6 S 8 S 20 – Pasing Marienplatz – Fürstenrieder Straße – Lautensackstraße – Trappentreustraße - Hauptbahnhof U 1 U 2 U 4 U 5 – Karlsplatz U 4 U 5 – Theatinerstraße U 2 – Maxmonument - Maximilianeum
Maximilianeum
– Max-Weber-Platz U 4 U 5 - Ostbahnhof U 5 – Kreillerstraße U 2 – St.-Veit-Straße 36 52 min

Moosach S 1 U 3 – Westfriedhof U 1 – Leonrodplatz – Hochschule München –Hauptbahnhof U 1 U 2 U 4 U 5 – Karlsplatz U 4 U 5 16 22 min

Westfriedhof U 1 – Leonrodplatz – Hochschule München –Hauptbahnhof U 1 U 2 U 4 U 5 – Karlsplatz U 4 U 5 13 17 min

Hochschule München – Hauptbahnhof U 1 U 2 U 4 U 5 – Karlsplatz U 4 U 5 8 9 min

Münchner Freiheit U 3 U 6 — Potsdamer Straße — Parzivalplatz — Am Münchner Tor — Anni-Albers-Straße — Domagkstraße — Schwabing Nord 7 8 min

Berg am Laim – Max-Weber-Platz U 4 U 5 – Rosenheimer Platz – Ostfriedhof – Silberhornstraße U 2 – Wettersteinplatz U 1 – Großhesseloher Brücke - Grünwald, Derbolfinger Platz 22 32 min

Petuelring U 3 – Hohenzollernplatz U 2 – Karolinenplatz – Karlsplatz U 4 U 5 – Sendlinger Tor U 1 U 2 U 3 U 6 15 19 min

Scheidplatz U 2 U 3 – Kurfürstenplatz – Karolinenplatz – Karlsplatz U 4 U 5 – Sendlinger Tor U 1 U 2 U 3 U 6 12 16 min

Night routes[edit] The night route network operates between 01:30 and 04:30, and comprises the following routes:[18]

Line Route

Amalienburgstraße – Romanplatz – Donnersbergerstraße
Donnersbergerstraße
– Hackerbrücke – Hauptbahnhof U 1 U 2 U 4 U 5 – Karlsplatz U 4 U 5 – Sendlinger Tor U 1 U 2 U 3 U 6 – Isartor - Max-Weber-Platz U 4 U 5 – Herkomerplatz – Effnerplatz

München-Pasing S 3 S 4 S 6 S 8 S 20 – Pasing Marienplatz – Fürstenrieder Straße – Lautensackstraße – Trappentreustraße - Hauptbahnhof U 1 U 2 U 4 U 5 – Karlsplatz U 4 U 5 – Theatinerstraße U 2 – Maxmonument - Maximilianeum
Maximilianeum
– Max-Weber-Platz U 4 U 5 - Ostbahnhof U 5 – Kreillerstraße U 2 – St.-Veit-Straße

Moosach S 1 U 3 – Westfriedhof U 1 – Leonrodplatz – Hauptbahnhof U 1 U 2 U 4 U 5 – Karlsplatz U 4 U 5

Petuelring U 3 - Nordbad - Kurfürstenplatz - Karolinenplatz - Karlsplatz (Stachus)
Karlsplatz (Stachus)
- Sendlinger Tor U 1 U 2 U 3 U 6 - Fraunhoferstraße U 1 U 2 - Mariahilfplatz
Mariahilfplatz
- Ostfriedhof - Silberhornstraße U 2 - Wettersteinplatz U 1 - Südtiroler Platz - Großhesseloher Brücke

Future developments[edit] The new 8.7-kilometre (5.4 mi) Tram
Tram
Westtangente line is being constructed between Romanplatz and Aidenbachstraße U-Bahn station.[5][19][20] The line will stop at three U-Bahn
U-Bahn
and S-Bahn transfer points: Holzapfelkreuth U-Bahn
U-Bahn
station, Laimer Platz U-Bahn station, and München-Laim S-Bahn
S-Bahn
station. The line number for the new route has not yet been designated. It is expected to be completed in 2014.[needs update] Munich
Munich
has expressed an interest in creating a northern tangential line, linking Elizabethplatz and Tivolistaße, thus relieving tramway congestion in the city centre, and reducing the noise caused by buses. As the route would pass through the environmentally-sensitive Englischer Garten, operating the 0.6-kilometre (0.37 mi) section without overhead wiring has been proposed. To this end, the MVG and Stadler equipped one S class tram with experimental lithium-ion batteries, and in May 2011 this tram set the world distance record for such operation by running 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) on a test track at Velten
Velten
near Berlin. Remaining S class trams, both delivered and on order, are designed to be retro-fitted with similar equipment.[15][21] There are also plans for the expansion: After completion of the above-described extension of the line to the S-Bahnhof Berg am Laim, this could go on to Daglfing or to the commercial area Am Moosfeld.[22][23]

: Extension to the Blumenau
Blumenau
in the West : Extension to the Michaelibad in the east Waldfriedhof-Planegg: Follow the Würmtalstraße like bus line 268, then take line 265 to Planegg. Hauptbahnhof-Silberhornstraße: Like bus line 58 Südtangente: From the Aidenbachstraße or the Waldfriedhof, the planned Westtangente via Harras, Brudermühlstraße and Candidplatz could be connected with the line at the Tegernseer Landstraße
Tegernseer Landstraße
and on line at the Giesing station. : Extension in the east to Trudering, from there possibly to Haar. The line south of Stadelheimer, Nauplia and Seybothstraße could be used instead of U 1 from Mangfallplatz
Mangfallplatz
to Krankenhaus Harlaching or the Großhesseloherbrücke. Since this route is currently served (2016) by a bus in the 20-minute clock is sufficiently unlikely. From the route to St. Emmeram to one of the S-Bahn
S-Bahn
stations Englschalking or Johanneskirchen. Alte Messe - Nordbad: New route from the Schwanthalerhöhe station via Heimeran- and Schwanthalerstraße to the main station, where the route could be linked to the planning of Hauptbahnhof-Silberhornstraße. The route continues northwards through the Seidl and Schleissheimer Straße to the Gleisdreieck at the Nordbad. From the railway station Munich-Moosach to Moosach or from the Westfriedhof to S-Bahn
S-Bahn
station Untermenzing : Extension to the south to the planned north-tangente at the Giselastraße. From there, the line could be taken to the Elisabethplatz and further towards the city center. The extension of the tram from St. Emmeram to Unterföhring, because of the nature of the bridge to be used over the Foehringer Ring and the But the road situation in Unterföhring
Unterföhring
is very unlikely. Olympia-Einkaufszentrum
Olympia-Einkaufszentrum
- St. Emmeram: New tangent in the north of Munich
Munich
(like bus line 50) Ostbahnhof-Neuperlach: Like bus line 55

References[edit]

^ a b http://www.tundria.com/trams/DEU/Munich-2016.shtml ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x "MVG in figures" (PDF). mvg-mobil.de. Münchner Verkehrsgesellschaft
Münchner Verkehrsgesellschaft
mbH (MVG) Marketing. June 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-02.  ^ a b "Tramnetz München" [ Munich
Munich
Tram
Tram
Network] (PDF) (in German). MVV. December 9, 2012. Retrieved 2013-10-02.  ^ "MVG: wieder Fahrgastrekord bei U-Bahn, Bus und Tram; Zuwachs in allen Betriebszweigen" [MVG: Passenger record at U-Bahn, bus and tram; growth in all operating sectors] (PDF) (in German). MVG. 27 May 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07.  ^ a b c d e f g h Pulling, Neil (November 2010). "System Factfile 38: Munich, Germany". Tramways & Urban Transit. Ian Allan Ltd / Light Rail Transit Association. pp. 419–421.  ^ " Tram
Tram
St. Emmeram" (in German). MVG. Retrieved 26 June 2012.  ^ "Fahrplanwechsel am 9. Dezember 2012 - MVG auf Wachstumskurs: Angebot wird 2013 um weitere 1,6% gesteigert" [Timetable change on 9 December 2012 - MVG on growth course: Supply is increased 2013 by further 1.6%] (in German). MVG. December 2012. Retrieved 2013-10-02.  ^ " Munich
Munich
opens Pasing tram extension". www.railjournal.com. Simmons-Boardman Publishing Inc. Retrieved 2014-04-10.  ^ Vosman, Quintus (13 December 2016). " Munich
Munich
tram network reaches Berg am Laim". International Railway Journal. Archived from the original on 15 December 2016. Retrieved 15 December 2016.  ^ " Tram
Tram
Typ P" [ Tram
Tram
Type P] (in German). MVG. Retrieved 9 June 2011.  ^ " Tram
Tram
Typ R 2" [ Tram
Tram
Type R 2] (in German). MVG. Retrieved 9 June 2011.  ^ " Tram
Tram
Typ R 3" [ Tram
Tram
Type R 3] (in German). MVG. Retrieved 9 June 2011.  ^ a b Stadler Rail. "Niederflurstraßenbahn Typ Variobahn für die Stadtwerke München GmbH (SWM)" (PDF) (in German). Retrieved 3 April 2009. [dead link] ^ " Tram
Tram
Typ S" [ Tram
Tram
Type S] (in German). MVG. Retrieved 9 June 2011.  ^ a b "Stadler sets new catenary-free world record". Tramways & Urban Transit. Ian Allan Ltd / Light Rail Transit Association. July 2011. p. 251.  ^ " Siemens
Siemens
unveils first Avenio
Avenio
tram in München". Railway Gazette. Retrieved 2014-04-10.  ^ "New trams enter service [in München]". Today's Railways Europe (228). Platform 5 Publishing, Ltd. December 2014. p. 15. ISSN 1354-2753.  ^ "MVG Nachtlinien" (in German). MVG. Retrieved 2013-10-02.  ^ " Tram
Tram
Pasing" (in German). MVG. Retrieved 17 June 2011.  ^ " Tram
Tram
Westtangente" (in German). MVG. Retrieved 17 June 2011.  ^ "Straßenbahn oben ohne – Münchner Tram
Tram
mit Batterieantrieb schafft Weltrekord" [ Munich
Munich
Tram
Tram
with Battery drive creates world record] (PDF) (in German). MVG. Retrieved 30 June 2011.  ^ Article from The Süddeutsche Zeitung of June 27, 2012 to extend the line 25 to the S-Bahn
S-Bahn
station Berg am Laim ^ .pdf Press release of the MVG of 29 June 2012 on the extension of the line 25 to the S-Bahn
S-Bahn
station Berg am Laim (PDF file, 323 kB)

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tram
Tram
transport in Munich.

MVG web site (German language) MVG web site (English language subset)

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Stadtbahn

Bielefeld Bochum Bonn Chemnitz Cologne Dortmund Duisburg Düsseldorf Erfurt Essen Frankfurt Gelsenkirchen Hanover Karlsruhe Kassel Saarbrücken Mülheim Stuttgart

Trams

Aachen2 Augsburg Bad Schandau-Kirnitzschtal Berlin
Berlin
(Suburban: Schöneiche-Rüdersdorf · Woltersdorf) Bochum Bonn Brandenburg
Brandenburg
an der Havel Braunschweig Bremen Chemnitz Cologne Cottbus Darmstadt Dessau Döbeln Dresden Duisburg Düsseldorf Erfurt Essen Frankfurt am Main Frankfurt (Oder) Freiburg Gelsenkirchen Gera Görlitz Gotha Halberstadt Halle Hamburg2 Hanover Heidelberg Heilbronn Jena Karlsruhe Kassel Kehl Kiel2 Krefeld Leipzig (History) Lößnitz Ludwigshafen Magdeburg Mannheim Merseburg Mülheim Munich Mainz Münster2 Naumburg Nuremberg Nordhausen Oberhausen Plauen Potsdam Regensburg2 Rostock Saarbrücken Schwerin Strausberg Stuttgart Ulm Weil am Rhein Wuppertal2 Würzburg Zwickau

Trolleybuses

Eberswalde Esslingen am Neckar Solingen

Suspension monorails

Dortmund H-Bahn Dresden Suspension Railway Düsseldorf SkyTrain Wuppertal Suspension Railway

Other

Bad Schandau Elevator

1 Former S-Bahn
S-Bahn
network 2 Former tramway network

v t e

Munich
Munich
transport network

U-Bahn

U 1 U 2 U 3 U 4 U 5 U 6 U 7

S-Bahn

S 1 S 2 S 3 (defunct) S 4 (defunct) S 6 S 7 S 8 S 20 S 27 (defunct) (defunct)

Tram

Bus

MetroBus StadtBus TaxiBus NightBus

Projects

Second core route Erding Ring Closure U9

Admin and finance

BEG MVV MVG S-Bahn
S-Bahn
München ALEX BOB DB Regio Bayern Meridian Südostbayernbahn

Coordinates: 48°08′54″N 11°27′42″E / 48.1484°N 11.4616°E / 48.1

.