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Muktinath
Muktinath
is a sacred place for both Hindus
Hindus
and Buddhists
Buddhists
located in Muktinath
Muktinath
Valley at an altitude of 3,710 meters at the foot of the Thorong La
Thorong La
mountain pass (part of the Himalayas) in Mustang, Nepal. The site is close to the village of Ranipauwa, which is sometimes mistakenly called Muktinath. Within Hinduism, it is called Mukti Kshetra, which literally means the "place of liberation or moksh". This temple is considered to be 106th among the available 108 Divya Desam
Divya Desam
(premium temples) considered sacred by the Sri Vaishnava
Sri Vaishnava
sect. The ancient name of this place in Sri Vaishnava
Sri Vaishnava
literature, before Buddhist
Buddhist
origin[clarification needed], is Thiru Saligramam. This[clarification needed] houses the Saligram shila, considered to be the naturally available form of Sriman Narayan[1] – the Hindu
Hindu
Godhead. It is also one of the 51 Shakti
Shakti
peeth.[2] The Buddhists
Buddhists
call it Chumig Gyatsa, which in Tibetan means "Hundred Waters". Although the temple has a Vaishnav origin, it is also revered in Buddhism.[3] For Tibetan Buddhists, Muktinath
Muktinath
is a very important place of dakinis, goddesses known as Sky Dancers, and one of the 24 Tantric places. They understand the murti to be a manifestation of Avalokiteśvara, who embodies the compassion of all Buddhas.[4]

Contents

1 The central temple 2 As a Shakti
Shakti
Peetha 3 Legend 4 Sri Murthy Mahatmyam 5 Sri Vaishnavic reference 6 Travel access 7 Gallery 8 See also 9 References 10 External links

The central temple[edit] The central shrine of Sri Muktinath
Muktinath
is considered by Hindu
Hindu
Vaishnavas to be one of the eight most-sacred shrines, known as Svayam Vyakta Ksetras; the other seven being Srirangam, Srimushnam, Tirupati, Naimisharanya, Thotadri, Pushkar and Badrinath. The temple is very small. Muktinath
Muktinath
is one of the most ancient Hindu
Hindu
temples of God Vishnu. The murti is of gold and is tall enough to compare with[clarification needed] a man. The prakaram (outer courtyard) has 108 bull faces through which water is poured. The sacred water that flows in 108 pipes around the temple complex denotes all the sacred Pushkarini waters (Temple Tanks) from all the 108 Sri Vaishnava
Sri Vaishnava
Divya Desams, where the devotees take their sacred bath even in freezing temperatures. The worship is conducted by Buddhists, with a Buddhist monk present. A local nun manages the pujas (prayer rituals) in the temple. Pilgrims who go there are expected to offer a prasad (religious offering of food) to the deity. As a Shakti
Shakti
Peetha[edit] Main article: Shakti
Shakti
Peethas The Muktinath
Muktinath
Temple[5] is considered to be a Shakti
Shakti
Peetha for a yatra. Shakti
Shakti
Peethas are sacred abodes of Shakti
Shakti
(primordial cosmic energy), formed by the falling of body parts of the corpse of Sati Devi, when Lord Shiva
Shiva
carried it and wandered. There are 51 Shakti Peethas revered by Shaktism, connecting them to the 51 alphabets in Sanskrit. Each Shakti
Shakti
Peetha has a Shakti
Shakti
shrine and a Bhairav shrine in its temple. The Shakti
Shakti
of Muktinath
Muktinath
is addressed as "Gandaki Chandi", and the Bhairava
Bhairava
as "Chakrapani". Sati Devi's temple on the forehead is believed to have fallen here.[6][7][8] Legend[edit]

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The Tibetan Buddhist
Buddhist
tradition states that Guru Rinpoche, also known as Padmasambhava, the founder of Tibetan Buddhism, had meditated at Muktinath
Muktinath
on his way to Tibet. This temple is praised by many saints of Hindu
Hindu
tradition. The scripts narrating the importance of this temple are available in Vishnu
Vishnu
Purana with the Gandaki Mahathmya.[clarification needed] The waterway downstream from Muktinath
Muktinath
along Kali
Kali
Gandaki is the source of all Silas or Shaligrams that are required to establish a temple of Vishnu. It is considered to be one of the holiest places of pilgrimage for Hindus
Hindus
and Buddhists. It has 108 water springs, a number which carries great significance in Hindu
Hindu
philosophy. As an example of the mystery surrounding the number 108, in Hindu
Hindu
astrology, there are mentions of 12 zodiacs (or Rashi) and 9 planets (or Graha), giving a total of 108 combinations. There are also 27 Lunar mansions (or Nakshatras) which are divided into 4 quarters (or Padas) each giving a combination of 108 Padas in total. Sri Murthy Mahatmyam[edit]

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This is probably the only place on earth[citation needed][clarification needed] where one can find all five elements (fire, water, sky, earth and air) from which all material things in the universe are made, according to Hindu
Hindu
and Buddhist
Buddhist
traditions. They are all found at the same place together in their own and distinct form. This place is near Jwala Devi
Devi
temple.[relevant? – discuss] The entire river Gandaki bed has Shaligram
Shaligram
stones which are used to worship Lord Vishnu. According to Sri Vaishnava
Sri Vaishnava
philosophy (a sub-sect of Hindu philosophy), it is considered to be one of the most-sacred places of worship of Lord Vishnu, praised by Thirumangai Alwar in the compilation of Nalayira Divya Prabandha 10 Pasurams in Mudal pathu Iyndham thirumozhi It is said that one has to be gifted to get the 'darśan' (divine presence), as the deity in the temple Lord Sri Vishnu
Vishnu
murthi and Goddess Sri Devi
Devi
and Bhoodevi believed to give Jeevan Mukthi hence He is called MUkTHINATH Sri Vaishnavic reference[edit]

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Sri Vaishnava
Sri Vaishnava
tradition is a sub-sect of Hinduism, predominant in present-day Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
in southern India. Many great devotees have contributed to it, the most prominent of them being the Alvars. Thirumangai Alvar
Thirumangai Alvar
could not reach Muktinath, but had sung 10 pashurams from the nearest place, in praise of Lord Sri Murthy. Periyalvar
Periyalvar
had sung in praise of Sri Murthi as "Salagramamudaiya Nambi". The pontiff of Srivilliputtur
Srivilliputtur
(the most venerated Srivaishnava pilgrim centre in Tamil Nadu), Sri Manavala Mamunigal
Manavala Mamunigal
Mutt H.H 23rd peetam Sri Sri Sri Satakopa Ramanuja
Ramanuja
Jeeyar Swamiji installed the idols of Andal
Andal
(Sri Gotha Devi), Ramanuja, and Manavala Mamunigal
Manavala Mamunigal
in this sacred place of predominantly Sri Vaishnava
Sri Vaishnava
origin during the yagna performed between 3 and 6 August 2009. This is considered by the devotees to be one of the milestones in the history of Muktinath. A large crowd of Sri Vaishnava
Vaishnava
devotees visit this most sacred Sri Vaishnavaitic shrine, where the Lord resides in the form of Sri Paramapatha Nathan with His divine consorts of Sri, Bhoomi, Neela and Gotha Devis. This place is so important that even Buddhism
Buddhism
worships this Lord Sriman Narayana
Narayana
of Muktinath
Muktinath
for attaining salvation or mukti. Travel access[edit]

A small river on the way to Muktinath.

Access is difficult because of harsh weather conditions in Mustang. The most suitable time to visit is from March to June. There are flights from Kathmandu
Kathmandu
to Pokhara
Pokhara
and then to Jomsom
Jomsom
Airport. From there, one can either trek all the way or take a jeep to Muktinath, a journey which passes many archeological sites and temples. Tourists are also known to charter a helicopter for a 45-minute flight, though this carries a risk of acute mountain sickness (AMS) and is only recommended for brief visits. Gallery[edit]

Entrance to the temple area

Muktinath
Muktinath
Temple

Pilgrim showering under the 108 holy Taps with friends filming

Close-up of one the 108 holy Taps

Bells, burning incense and a smoking candle

See also[edit]

Bajrayogini Temple Guhyeshwari Temple Pashupatinath temple, Nepal Badrinath Kedarnath Manasarovar Changu Narayan Janaki Mandir Shree Pashupatinath Budhanilkantha Temple, Sleeping Vishnu

References[edit]

^ http://www.ramanuja.org/sv/bhakti/archives/sep97/0045.html ^ "General Information about Muktinath".  ^ Mittal, Sushil (2004). The Hindu
Hindu
World. New York: Routledge. p. 499. ISBN 0-203-67414-6.  ^ Zurick, David (2006). Illustrated Atlas of the Himalayas. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky. p. 153.  ^ " Muktinath
Muktinath
Yatra
Yatra
Nepal
Nepal
Tourism" (PDF).  ^ (Translator), F. Max Muller (June 1, 2004). The Upanishads, Vol I. Kessinger Publishing, LLC. ISBN 1419186418.  ^ (Translator), F. Max Muller (July 26, 2004). The Upanishads
Upanishads
Part II: The Sacred Books of the East Part Fifteen. Kessinger Publishing, LLC. ISBN 1417930160.  ^ "Kottiyoor Devaswam Temple Administration Portal". Kottiyoor Devaswam. Retrieved 20 July 2013. 

Facts about Muktinath
Muktinath
Temple External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Muktinath.

v t e

Mustang District

Headquarter: Jomsom

Charang Chhonhup Chhoser Chhusang Dhami Jhong Kagbeni Kowang Kunjo Lete Lo Manthang Marpha Muktinath Surkhang Tukuche

v t e

Hindu
Hindu
temples in Nepal

Notable temples

Ankuri Mahadev Bajrayogini Temple Budha Subba Temple Changu Narayan Dakshinkali Temple Gadhimai Temple Janaki Mandir Kasthamandap Maula Kalika Manakamana Shree Pashupatinath Sobha Baghwati

Shakti
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Peethas

Guhyeshwari Temple Muktinath Pashupatinath Temple Pathibhara

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Andhra Pradesh, North India, Nepal

Tirupati (AP) Ahobilam
Ahobilam
(AP) Muktinath
Muktinath
/ Saligramam (Nepal) Naimisaranya
Naimisaranya
(UP) Mathura (UP) Gokul
Gokul
(UP) Devprayag (UK) Thiruppirithi (UK) Badrinath
Badrinath
(UK) Ayodhya (UP) Dwarka (GU)

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Thiruvananthapuram Thirukatkarai Moozhikkalam Tiruvalla Thirukadithanam Sengunroor Thiruppuliyoor Thiruvaaranvilai Thiruvanvandoor Thiru naavaay Viththuvakkodu

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Mayiladuthurai
and Sirkazhi

Thiruvazhunthoor Thiruindaloor Kazheesirama Vinnagaram Thirukkavalampadi Thiruchsemponsey Thiruarimeya Vinnagaram Thiru Vanpurushothamam Thiruvaikunda vinnagaram Thirumanimadam Thiruthevanartthogai Thiruthetriyambalam Thirumanikkoodam Thiruvellakkulam Thiruppaarththanpalli Thalai Sanga Nanmathiyam Thiruchsirupuliyur Thiruvali-Thirunagari

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 243841054 GN

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