The Info List - Mucianus

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Gaius Licinius Mucianus (fl. 1st century AD) was a general, statesman and writer of ancient Rome. He is considered to have played a role behind the scenes in the elevation of Vespasian
to the throne.


1 Life 2 Writings 3 See also 4 References 5 Further reading

Life[edit] His name shows that he had passed by adoption from the gens Mucia to the gens Licinia.[1] Mucianus was sent by Claudius
to Armenia with Gnaeus Domitius Corbulo. He was a suffect consul during the reign of Nero, most likely during the years 63 or 64.[2] At the time of the outbreak of the Jewish revolt in 66 AD, Mucianus was serving as governor of Syria, a post he still held during the Year of Four Emperors (69);[3] however, he failed to put down the Jewish revolt, and Vespasian
was sent to replace him. After the death of Galba, Mucianus and Vespasian
(who was in Judea at the time) both swore allegiance to Otho, but when the civil war broke out, Mucianus persuaded Vespasian
to take up arms against Vitellius, who had seized the imperial throne.[1] It was agreed that Vespasian
should stay behind to settle affairs in the East, while Mucianus made his way through Asia Minor
Asia Minor
and Thrace
to attack Vitellius.[1] On his way there, he defeated a Dacian invasion of Moesia. Mucianus reached Rome the day after the death of Vitellius, finding Domitian, Vespasian's son, at head of affairs, but until the arrival of Vespasian
the real master of Rome was Mucianus.[1] Mucianus never wavered in his allegiance to Vespasian, whose favor he retained in spite of his arrogance.[1] He is mentioned in the records of the Arval Brethren
Arval Brethren
in the year 70; Mucianus may have been admitted following Vespasian's entrance to Rome, although Ronald Syme admits that he may have been co-opted in absentia by Galba.[4] He was appointed consul (suffect) for the third time in 72.[5] As no mention is made of Mucianus during the reigns of Titus
or Domitian, he probably died during the reign of Vespasian;[1] Syme believes his death happened before 78.[6] Writings[edit] A clever writer and historian, Mucianus collected the speeches and letters of Romans of the older republican period, probably including a corpus of proceedings of the Senate[1] (res gesta senatus). He was also the author of a memoir, chiefly dealing with the natural history and geography of the East, a text often quoted by Pliny [1]as the source of miraculous occurrences.[7] See also[edit]

Mucia (gens) Licinia (gens)


^ a b c d e f g h  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Mucianus, Licinius". Encyclopædia Britannica. 18 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 954.  ^ See Judith B. Ginsberg, "Nero's consular policy", American Journal of Ancient History, 6 (1981), p. 68 n. 55 for a discussion of the year of Mucianus' consulship. ^ Werner Eck, "Jahres- und Provinzialfasten der senatorischen Statthalter von 69/70 bis 138/139", Chiron, 12 (1982), pp. 284f, and n. 11 ^ Syme, Some Arval Brethren
Arval Brethren
(Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1980), p. 13 ^ Paul Gallivan, "The Fasti for A.D. 70–96", Classical Quarterly, 31 (1981), p. 188. The date of one of his three consulates, possibly the first, is unknown. ^ Syme, Some Arval Brethren, p. 15 ^ See George Williamson (2005). " Mucianus and a Touch of the Miraculous: Pilgrimage and Tourism in Roman Asia Minor". In Jaś Elsner and Ian Rutherford. Pilgrimage in Graeco-Roman and Early Christian Antiquity: Seeing the Gods. Oxford: Oxford University Press. CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter (link)

Further reading[edit]

Brunn, L. (1870). Gaius Licinius Mucianus. Leipzig. 

Political offices

Preceded by Gaius Laecanius Bassus, and Marcus Licinius Crassus Frugi as Suffect consuls Suffect consul of the Roman Empire 64 with Quintus Fabius Barbarus Antonius Macer Succeeded by Aulus Licinius Nerva Silianus, and Marcus Julius Vestinus Atticus as Ordinary consuls

Preceded by Vespasian
II, and Titus as Ordinary consuls Suffect consul of the Roman Empire 70 with Quintus Petillius Cerialis Succeeded by Quintus Julius Cordinus Gaius Rutilius Gallicus, and ignotus as Suffect consuls

Preceded by Vespasian
IV, and Titus
II as Ordinary consuls Suffect consul of the Roman Empire 72 with Titus
Flavius Sabinus II Succeeded by Marcus Ulpius Traianus as Suffect consul

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 2858087 GN