HOME
The Info List - Mozhaysk


--- Advertisement ---



Mozhaysk[6] (Russian: Можайск, IPA: [mɐˈʐajsk]) is a town and the administrative center of Mozhaysky District in Moscow Oblast, Russia, located 110 kilometers (68 mi) to the west of Moscow, on the historic road leading to Smolensk
Smolensk
and then to Poland. Population: 31,363 (2010 Census);[3] 31,459 (2002 Census);[7] 30,735 (1989 Census).[8]

Contents

1 History 2 Administrative and municipal status 3 Architecture 4 Trivia 5 Twin towns and sister cities 6 References

6.1 Notes 6.2 Sources

7 External links

History[edit] It was first mentioned in 1231 as an appanage of Chernigov;[citation needed] it was named after the Mozhay (Mozhaya) River, whose name is of Baltic origin (cf. Lithuanian mažoja 'small').[9] Later it was an important stronghold of the Smolensk
Smolensk
dynasty, at one time owned by Theodore the Black. The Muscovites seized it in 1303, but in the course of the following century had serious troubles defending it against Algirdas
Algirdas
of Lithuania. The principality was usually held by a younger brother of the ruling Grand Duke of Moscow, until the practice was dropped in 1493. In 1562, the Treaty of Mozhaysk was signed there. Town status was granted to Mozhaysk
Mozhaysk
in 1708.[citation needed] Mozhaysk continued to defend the Western approaches to Moscow
Moscow
during the French invasion of Russia
Russia
in 1812 and World War II (during which it was captured by the Germans on October 16, 1941 and recaptured by the Red Army on January 20, 1942). The Battle of Borodino
Battle of Borodino
took place 12 kilometers (7.5 mi) from the town. Administrative and municipal status[edit] Within the framework of administrative divisions, Mozhaysk
Mozhaysk
serves as the administrative center of Mozhaysky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with twenty-one rural localities, incorporated within Mozhaysky District as the Town of Mozhaysk.[1] As a municipal division, the Town of Mozhaysk
Mozhaysk
is incorporated within Mozhaysky Municipal District as Mozhaysk
Mozhaysk
Urban Settlement.[2] Architecture[edit]

The new Mozhaysk
Mozhaysk
Cathedral, constructed in 1802–1814

The first stone cathedral was built in the kremlin in the early 14th century; in 1849, it was demolished stone by stone and then reconstructed exactly as it used to be.[citation needed] A larger blood-red cathedral in the Gothic Revival style was completed in 1814. The church of St. Joachim and Anna preserves some parts from the early 15th century. Another important landmark is the Luzhetsky Monastery, founded in 1408 by St. Ferapont and rebuilt in brick in the 16th century. The monastery cathedral, erected during the reign of Vasily III, was formerly known for its frescoes, ascribed to Dionisius' circle. Trivia[edit] The fact that Mozhaysk
Mozhaysk
was frequently the last major stop on the way to the capital, gave birth to the expression "to push beyond Mozhay" (загнать за Можай, zagnat' za Mozhay), which literally means "push (people, enemy) away (from Moscow) further than Mozhaysk."[10] Twin towns and sister cities[edit] Main article: List of twin towns and sister cities in Russia Mozhaysk
Mozhaysk
is twinned with:

Château-du-Loir, France Drochtersen, Germany Etropole, Bulgaria Lohja, Finland Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine Ujazd, Poland Vileyka, Belarus

References[edit] Notes[edit]

^ a b c d e f g h Resolution #123-PG ^ a b c d e Law #95/2005-OZ ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All- Russia
Russia
Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012.  ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.). ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian) ^ Alternative transliterations include Mozhaisk, Mozhajsk, Mozhaĭsk, and Možajsk. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014.  ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014.  ^ Е. М. Поспелов. "Географические названия мира". Москва, 1998. Стр. 272 ^ Geocaching.su. Загнать за Можай (in Russian)

Sources[edit]

Губернатор Московской области. Постановление №123-ПГ от 28 сентября 2010 г. «Об учётных данных административно-территориальных и территориальных единиц Московской области», в ред. Постановления №252-ПГ от 26 июня 2015 г. «О внесении изменения в учётные данные административно-территориальных и территориальных единиц Московской области». Опубликован: "Информационный вестник Правительства МО", №10, 30 октября 2010 г. (Governor of Moscow Oblast. Resolution #123-PG of September 28, 2010 On the Inventory Data of the Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Units of Moscow
Moscow
Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #252-PG of June 26, 2015 On Amending the Inventory Data of the Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Units of Moscow
Moscow
Oblast. ). Московская областная Дума. Закон №95/2005-ОЗ от 30 марта 2005 г. «О статусе и границах Можайского муниципального района и вновь образованных в его составе муниципальных образований», в ред. Закона №128/2011-ОЗ от 15 июля 2011 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Московской области "О статусе и границах Можайского муниципального района и вновь образованных в его составе муниципальных образований"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ежедневные Новости. Подмосковье", №59, 2 апреля 2005 г. ( Moscow
Moscow
Oblast Duma. Law #95/2005-OZ of March 30, 2005 On the Status and the Borders of Mozhaysky Municipal District and the Newly Established Municipal Formations Comprising It, as amended by the Law #128/2011-OZ of July 15, 2011 On Amending the Law of Moscow Oblast
Moscow Oblast
"On the Status and the Borders of Mozhaysky Municipal District and the Newly Established Municipal Formations Comprising It". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).

External links[edit]

Official website of Mozhaysk
Mozhaysk
(in Russian) Unofficial website of Mozhaysk
Mozhaysk
(in Russian)

v t e

Administrative divisions of Moscow
Moscow
Oblast

Administrative center: none

Cities and towns

Aprelevka Balashikha Bronnitsy Chernogolovka Chekhov Dedovsk Dmitrov Dolgoprudny Domodedovo Drezna Dubna Dzerzhinsky Elektrogorsk Elektrostal Elektrougli Fryazino Golitsyno Istra Ivanteyevka Kashira Khimki Khotkovo Klimovsk Klin Kolomna Korolyov Kotelniki Krasnoarmeysk Krasnogorsk Krasnozavodsk Krasnoznamensk Kubinka Kurovskoye Likino-Dulyovo Lobnya Losino-Petrovsky Lukhovitsy Lytkarino Lyubertsy Mozhaysk Mytishchi Naro-Fominsk Noginsk Odintsovo Orekhovo-Zuyevo Ozherelye Ozyory Pavlovsky Posad Peresvet Podolsk Protvino Pushchino Pushkino Ramenskoye Reutov Roshal Ruza Sergiyev Posad Serpukhov Shatura Shchyolkovo Solnechnogorsk Staraya Kupavna Stupino Taldom Vereya Vidnoye Volokolamsk Voskresensk Vysokovsk Yakhroma Yegoryevsk Zaraysk Zheleznodorozhny Zhukovsky Zvenigorod

Closed administrative-territorial formations

Krasnoznamensk Molodyozhny Vlasikha Voskhod Zvyozdny gorodok

Districts

Chekhovsky Dmitrovsky Istrinsky Kashirsky Klinsky Kolomensky Krasnogorsky Leninsky Lotoshinsky Lukhovitsky Lyuberetsky Mozhaysky Mytishchinsky Naro-Fominsky Noginsky Odintsovsky Orekhovo-Zuyevsky Pavlovo-Posadsky Podolsky Pushkinsky Ramensky Ruzsky Serebryano-Prudsky Sergiyevo-Posadsky Serpukhovsky Shakhovskoy Shatursky Shchyolkovsky Solnechnogorsky Stupinsky Taldomsky Volokolamsky Voskresensky Yegoryevsky Zaraysky

v t e

Historical towns and monasteries of the former Grand Duchy of Moscow

Borovsk Dmitrov Joseph- Volokolamsk
Volokolamsk
Monastery Kirzhach Klin Kolomna Mozhaysk New Jerusalem Monastery Radonezh Ruza Serpukhov Staritsa Trinity Vereya Volokolamsk Zaraysk Zvenigorod

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 131353

.