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Mowgli
Mowgli
/ˈmaʊɡli/ is a fictional character and the protagonist of Rudyard Kipling's The Jungle Book
The Jungle Book
stories. He is a naked feral child from the Pench area in Seoni, India, who originally appeared in Kipling's short story "In the Rukh" (collected in Many Inventions, 1893) and then went on to become the most prominent and memorable character in his collections The Jungle Book
The Jungle Book
and The Second Jungle Book (1894–1895), which also featured stories about other characters.[1]

Contents

1 Name 2 Kipling's Mowgli
Mowgli
stories 3 Play adaptations 4 Influences upon other works 5 Mowgli
Mowgli
stories by other writers 6 Movies, television and radio 7 Actors who played the character 8 References 9 External links

Name[edit] In the stories, the name Mowgli
Mowgli
is said to mean "frog", describing his lack of fur. Kipling made up the name, and it "does not mean 'frog' in any language other than the language of the forest."[citation needed] Kipling stated that the first syllable of "Mowgli" should rhyme with "cow" and it is pronounced this way in Britain and some European countries, while in the United States it is almost always pronounced to rhyme with "go".[citation needed] Kipling's Mowgli
Mowgli
stories[edit] The Mowgli
Mowgli
stories, including "In the Rukh", were first collected in chronological order in one volume as The Works of Rudyard Kipling Volume VII: The Jungle Book
The Jungle Book
(1907) (Volume VIII of this series contained the non- Mowgli
Mowgli
stories from the Jungle Books), and subsequently in All the Mowgli Stories (1933). "In the Rukh" describes how Gisborne, an English forest ranger in the Pench area in Seoni
Seoni
at the time of the British Raj, discovers a young man named Mowgli, who has extraordinary skills in hunting, tracking, and driving wild animals (with the help of his wolf brothers). He asks him to join the forestry service. Mueller, the head of the Department of Woods and Forests of India
India
as well as Gisborn's boss, meets Mowgli, checks his elbows and knees, noting the callouses and scars, and figures Mowgli
Mowgli
is not using magic or demons, having seen a similar case in 30 years of service. Muller also offers Mowgli
Mowgli
to join the service, to which Mowgli
Mowgli
agrees. Later, Gisborne learns the reason for Mowgli's almost superhuman talents: he was raised by a pack of wolves in the jungle (explaining the scars on his elbows and knees from going on all fours). Mowgli
Mowgli
marries the daughter of Gisborne's butler, Abdul Gafur. By the end of the story, Mowgli
Mowgli
has a son and is back to living with his wolf brothers. Kipling then proceeded to write the stories of Mowgli's childhood in detail. Lost by his parents as a baby in the Indian jungle during a tiger attack, he is adopted by the Wolf Mother (Raksha) and Father Wolf, who call him Mowgli
Mowgli
(the frog) because of his lack of fur and his refusal to sit still. Shere Khan
Shere Khan
the tiger demands that they give him the baby but the wolves refuse. Mowgli
Mowgli
grows up with the pack, hunting with his brother wolves. In the pack, Mowgli
Mowgli
learns he is able to stare down any wolf, and his unique ability to remove the painful thorns from the paws of his brothers is deeply appreciated as well. Bagheera, the black panther, befriends Mowgli
Mowgli
because both he and Mowgli
Mowgli
have parallel childhood experiences; as Bagheera
Bagheera
often mentions, he was "raised in the King's cages at Oodeypore" from a cub, and thus knows the ways of man. Baloo
Baloo
the bear, teacher of wolves, has the thankless task of educating Mowgli
Mowgli
in "The Law of the Jungle". Shere Khan
Shere Khan
continues to regard Mowgli
Mowgli
as fair game, but eventually Mowgli
Mowgli
finds a weapon he can use against the tiger — fire. After driving off Shere Khan, Mowgli
Mowgli
goes to a human village where he is adopted by Messua and her husband, whose own son Nathoo
Nathoo
was also taken by a tiger. It is uncertain if Mowgli
Mowgli
is actually the returned Nathoo, although it is stated in "Tiger! Tiger!" that the tiger who carried off Messua's son was lame, just as Shere Khan
Shere Khan
is lame. Messua would like to believe that her son has returned, however she herself realises that this is unlikely. While herding buffalo for the village, Mowgli
Mowgli
learns that the tiger is still planning to kill him, so with the aid of two wolves, he traps Shere Khan
Shere Khan
in a ravine where the buffalo trample him. The tiger dies, and Mowgli
Mowgli
sets to skin him. Seeing this, Buldeo, a jealous hunter, goads the villagers into persecuting Mowgli
Mowgli
and his adopted parents as sorcerers. Mowgli
Mowgli
runs back to the jungle with Shere Khan's hide but soon learns that Buldeo and the villagers are planning to kill Messua and her husband. He rescues them and sends elephants, water buffaloes, and other animals to trample the village and its fields to the ground. In later stories in The Second Jungle Book, Mowgli
Mowgli
finds and then discards an ancient treasure ("The King's Ankus"), not realising it is so valuable that men would kill to own it. With the aid of Kaa
Kaa
the python, he leads the wolves in a war against the Dhole
Dhole
("Red Dog"). Finally, Mowgli
Mowgli
stumbles across the village where his adopted human mother (Messua), is now living, which forces him to come to terms with his humanity and decide whether to rejoin his fellow humans in "The Spring Running". Play adaptations[edit] Rudyard Kipling
Rudyard Kipling
adapted the Mowgli
Mowgli
stories for The Jungle Play in 1899, but the play was never produced on stage. The manuscript was lost for almost a century. It was finally published in book form in 2000.[2] Influences upon other works[edit] Only six years after the first publication of The Jungle Book, E. Nesbit's The Wouldbegoods (1899) included a passage in which some children act out a scene from the book.[1]:204 Mowgli
Mowgli
has been cited as a major influence on Edgar Rice Burroughs
Edgar Rice Burroughs
who created and developed the character Tarzan. Mowgli
Mowgli
was also an influence for a number of other "wild boy" characters. Poul Anderson
Poul Anderson
and Gordon R. Dickson
Gordon R. Dickson
used the Mowgli
Mowgli
stories as the basis for their humorous 1957 science fiction short story "Full Pack (Hokas Wild)". This is one of a series featuring a teddy bear-like race called Hokas who enjoy human literature but cannot quite grasp the distinction between fact and fiction. In this story, a group of Hokas get hold of a copy of The Jungle Book
The Jungle Book
and begin to act it out, enlisting the help of a human boy to play Mowgli. The boy's mother, who is a little bemused to see teddy bears trying to act like wolves, tags along to try to keep him (and the Hokas) out of trouble. The situation is complicated by the arrival of three alien diplomats who just happen to resemble a monkey, a tiger and a snake. This story appears in the collection Hokas Pokas! (1998) (ISBN 0-671-57858-8), and is also available online. Mowgli
Mowgli
stories by other writers[edit] The Third Jungle Book
The Third Jungle Book
(1992) by Pamela Jekel (ISBN 1-879373-22-X) is a collection of new Mowgli
Mowgli
stories in a fairly accurate pastiche of Kipling's style. Hunting Mowgli
Mowgli
(2001) by Maxim Antinori (ISBN 1-931319-49-9) is a very short novel which describes a fateful meeting between Mowgli
Mowgli
and a human hunter. The Jungle Book: Last of the Species (2013) by Mark L Miller (ISBN 9781939683021) is a series of comic books that tells a story of a female Mowgli
Mowgli
who unintentionally started a war between animal tribes after killing Shere Khan
Shere Khan
to avenge the fallen of the wolf tribe. Movies, television and radio[edit]

Jungle Book (1942) starred Sabu as Mowgli. The best known of all portrayals of Mowgli
Mowgli
is the musical version in Disney's The Jungle Book
The Jungle Book
(1967), where he is voiced by Bruce Reitherman, son of the film's director Wolfgang Reitherman, and its sequel, The Jungle Book
The Jungle Book
2 (2003), in which Mowgli
Mowgli
is voiced by Haley Joel Osment.

Heroes of the Soviet animation film on a postal stamp of Russia

Around the same time – from 1967 to 1971 – five Russian short animated films were made by Soyuzmultfilm, collectively known as Adventures of Mowgli. Of all the various adaptations, Chuck Jones's 1977 animated TV short Mowgli's Brothers, adapting the first story in The Jungle Book, may be the one that adheres most closely to the original plot and dialogue.[citation needed] There has also been a Japanese animated TV series Jungle Book Shonen Mowgli
Mowgli
based on the Mowgli
Mowgli
series and a US live-action series, Mowgli: The New Adventures of the Jungle Book. There was also a BBC
BBC
radio adaptation in 1994, starring actress Nisha K. Nayar as Mowgli, Freddie Jones
Freddie Jones
as Baloo
Baloo
and Eartha Kitt
Eartha Kitt
as Kaa. It originally aired on BBC
BBC
Radio 5 (before it became BBC
BBC
Radio 5 Live and dropped its children's programming). Subsequently, it has been released on audio cassette and has been re-run a number of times on digital radio channel BBC
BBC
7 (now BBC
BBC
Radio 4 Extra). Classics Illustrated
Classics Illustrated
#83 (1951) contains an adaptation of three Mowgli stories. Between 1953 and 1955 Dell Comics
Dell Comics
featured adaptations of six Mowgli stories in three issues (#487,[3] #582[4] and #620[5]). Some issues of Marvel Fanfare
Marvel Fanfare
feature adaptations of the Mowgli stories by Gil Kane. These were later collected as an omnibus volume. P. Craig Russell's Jungle Book Stories (1997) collects three stories, actually adapted from The Second Jungle Book, which originally appeared between 1985 and 1996. A 2016 live action remake of Disney's animated version of The Jungle Book starred newcomer Neel Sethi as Mowgli.

Actors who played the character[edit] Mowgli
Mowgli
has been played by many male actors. In the 1942 film adaptation, Mowgli
Mowgli
was played by Sabu Dastagir. In the 1994 film adaptation, he was played by Sean Naegeli as a child, and later throughout the film he was played by Jason Scott Lee. In The Second Jungle Book: Mowgli
Mowgli
and Baloo, he was played by Jamie Williams. In The Jungle Book: Mowgli's Story, he was played by Brandon Baker. Mowgli was played by Neel Sethi in the Disney
Disney
live-action reimagination, which was released in 3D in April 2016. Mowgli
Mowgli
will be played by Rohan Chand in the Warner Bros. film Mowgli, which will be released in 2018. References[edit]

^ a b Sale, Roger (1978). "Kipling's Boy's". Fairy Tales and After: from Snow White to E.B. White. Harvard Univ. Press. ISBN 0-674-29157-3.  ^ The Jungle Play: UK paperback edition: ISBN 0-14-118292-X ^ "Image: jbcomic1-big.jpg, (722 × 1014 px)". p-synd.com. Retrieved 2015-09-04.  ^ "Image: jbcomic2-big.jpg, (785 × 1110 px)". p-synd.com. Retrieved 2015-09-04.  ^ "Image: jbcomic3-big.jpg, (783 × 1100 px)". p-synd.com. Retrieved 2015-09-04. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mowgli.

In the Rukh: Mowgli's first appearance from Kipling's Many Inventions The Jungle Book
The Jungle Book
Collection and Wiki: a website demonstrating the variety of merchandise related to the book and film versions of The Jungle Books, now accompanied by a Wiki
Wiki
on the Jungle Books and related subjects

v t e

Rudyard Kipling's The Jungle Book

Books

The Jungle Book
The Jungle Book
(1894) The Second Jungle Book
The Second Jungle Book
(1895) All the Mowgli Stories (1933)

Mowgli
Mowgli
stories

"Mowgli's Brothers" "Kaa's Hunting" "Tiger! Tiger!" "Letting in the Jungle" "Red Dog"

Other stories

"Rikki-Tikki-Tavi" "Toomai of the Elephants"

Characters

Mowgli Baloo Bagheera Akela Raksha Kaa Hathi Shere Khan Bandar-log King Louie

Disney
Disney
franchise

Film

The Jungle Book
The Jungle Book
(1967) The Jungle Book
The Jungle Book
(1994) The Jungle Book: Mowgli's Story (1998) The Jungle Book
The Jungle Book
2 (2003) The Jungle Book
The Jungle Book
(2016)

Television

TaleSpin
TaleSpin
(1990–91) Jungle Cubs
Jungle Cubs
(1996–1998)

Soundtrack

"Colonel Hathi's March" "The Bare Necessities" "I Wan'na Be like You" "Trust in Me" "That's What Friends Are For" "My Own Home" "Jungle Jungle Baat Chali Hai"

Video games

The Jungle Book
The Jungle Book
(1993) The Jungle Book
The Jungle Book
Groove Party (2000)

Other

The Jungle Book: Alive with Magic Colonel Hathi's Pizza Outpost

Other adaptations

Film

Elephant Boy (1937) Jungle Book (1942) Adventures of Mowgli
Adventures of Mowgli
(1973) The Second Jungle Book: Mowgli
Mowgli
& Baloo
Baloo
(1997) Mowgli's First Adventure: In Search of the Elephant Eye Diamond (1998) Mowgli
Mowgli
(2018)

Television

Elephant Boy (1973) Mowgli's Brothers (1976) Jungle Book Shōnen Mowgli
Mowgli
(1989–90)

episodes

Mowgli: The New Adventures of the Jungle Book (1998) The Jungle Book
The Jungle Book
(2010–)

Other

The Third Jungle Book
The Third Jungle Book
(1992) A dzsungel könyve Djungelboken

Related

Law of the jungle Mowgli
Mowgli
syndrome The Graveyard

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