Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act
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The Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP-21) is a funding and authorization bill to govern
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United States
federal surface transportation spending. It was passed by Congress on June 29, 2012, and President
Barack Obama Barack Hussein Obama II ( ; born August 4, 1961) is an American politician who served as the 44th president of the United States from 2009 to 2017. A member of the Democratic Party (United States), Democratic Party, Obama was the first Af ...

Barack Obama
signed it on July 6. The vote was 373–52 in the House of Representatives and 74–19 in the Senate. The $105 billion two-year bill does not significantly alter total funding from the previous authorization, but does include many significant reforms. The
Congressional Budget Office The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) is a List of United States federal agencies, federal agency within the United States Congress, legislative branch of the United States government that provides budget and economic information to Congress. Ins ...

Congressional Budget Office
estimates that enacting MAP-21 will reduce the federal budget deficit over the 2012–22 period by $16.3 billion.


Key provisions

* The number of funding programs is consolidated by two-thirds. * The environmental review process is reformed in an effort to speed up project development. More projects will be categorically excluded from review, and there will be a four-year review deadline enforced with financial penalties. (In 2011 the average review took 8.1 years.) * Funding for
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bicycle
and
pedestrian A pedestrian is a person traveling on foot, whether walking or running. In modern times, the term usually refers to someone walking on a road or Road surface, pavement, but this was not the case historically. The meaning of pedestrian is dis ...

pedestrian
transportation (primarily via
rail trail A rail trail is a shared-use path on rail transport, railway right of way. Rail trails are typically constructed after a railway has been abandoned and the track has been removed, but may also share the right of way with active railways, light rai ...
s) is reduced and consolidated into a broader program called "Transportation Alternatives." Half of this funding will go to
metropolitan planning organization A metropolitan planning Planning is the process of thinking regarding the activities required to achieve a desired goal. Planning is based on foresight, the fundamental capacity for mental time travel. The evolution of forethought, the capacity ...
s and the other half will go to states, which may choose to use the funds for other purposes. Bicycle and rail trail advocates were highly critical of this change, anticipating a 60-70% drop in funding. * A national freight policy will be developed. * Tolling on federal highways is reformed. Mainstream tolling is now easier to implement in regards to new highways and expansion and repairs to existing ones. Also, electronic toll collection facilities had until October 1, 2016, to establish a nationwide interoperability agreement. No funding was provided, and no penalty was set for not meeting this deadline, and it has not been met. (See List of electronic toll collection systems.)


Other provisions

Several unrelated provisions were attached to the bill: a one-year extension of federal student loan rates through June 30, 2013; a five-year reauthorization of the
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through 2017; and a one-year extension to the Secure Rural Schools Act, which compensates rural counties for loss of revenue caused by reduced timber harvest on federal lands. The bill also contains a provision allowing the State Department to revoke, deny, or limit
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passport
s for anyone the
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certifies as having "a seriously delinquent tax debt in an amount in excess of $50,000." The Act also made further changes to the Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property Acquisition Act.


Revenue sources

MAP-21 is funded without increasing transportation
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s. (The federal gas tax was last raised in 1993.) Instead, funds were generated through the following measures: * Repeal a requirement that the Department of Transportation reimburse the difference in cost between shipping foreign food aid on a U.S.-flag vessel and a foreign-flag vessel * Raise additional revenue by increasing the ability of business with excess assets in their pension funds to use them for retiree health and life insurance benefits, and by defining businesses that make roll-your-own machines available for consumer use as tobacco manufacturers * Change the interest rate that pension plans use to measure their liabilities, increase pension premium rates for both variable and flat rate premium paid to the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation and establish a cap on the variable rate premium * Allow eligible federal employees to enter into a phased retirement, during which they continue to work part-time while drawing a partial salary and a partial civil service annuity


References


External links


MAP-21PDFdetails
as amended in the br>Statute Compilations collection

MAP-21
as enacted in the US Statutes at Large {{US highway acts United States federal transportation legislation Acts of the 112th United States Congress 2012 in American law