Revolutionary Social Movement (in French: Mouvement Social
Révolutionnaire - MSR) was a
Fascist movement founded in
September 1940. Its founder was Eugène Deloncle, who was previously
La Cagoule (CSAR).
The MSR supported the return of
Pierre Laval to the Vichy government
of Petain, after he was removed from government in December 1940. They
collaborated with the
Rassemblement National Populaire
Rassemblement National Populaire (RNP), which
was founded in January 1941 and of which the MSR became a faction.
A split in the RNP came after the Eastern Front opened up in July 1941
and the LVF was formed. Another frontman in the RNP was Marcel Déat,
who had the confidence of Laval. When he found out Deloncle was
plotting against him, he had him and his faction removed from the RNP.
Deloncle also took many member of the RNP's paramilitary wing with
In October 1941, Deloncle plotted against seven Parisian synagogues
with the help of a local SS officer, Hans Sommer, who provided the
explosives for the attack.
Further splits in the MSR happened over the next year, as Deloncle
became more occupied with the LVF. The other factions at that time
coalesced around Jean Filliol, a former Cagoulard, and revolutionaries
Georges Soulès and André Mahé. A coup against the Deloncle faction
was completed on May 14, 1942, which left Deloncle without a political
future. He was killed two years later in a shootout with the Gestapo,
who suspected him of having obtained ties to the Allies. For a time in
1942 leadership passed to Jean Fontenoy.
Filiol began plotting against Laval, whose government interned him in
October 1942. The remaining Soulès faction of the MSR moved into an
anti-German position, but disappeared at the end of the war.
Bertram M. Gordon (April 1975). "The Condottieri of the Collaboration:
Mouvement Social Revolutionnaire". Journal of Contemporary History. 10
(2): 261–282. doi:10.1177/002200947501000203.
^ Philip Rees, Biographical Dictionary of the Extreme Right Since
1890, 1990, p. 130
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