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Mount Hamiguitan
Mount Hamiguitan
is a mountain located in the province of Davao Oriental, Philippines. It has a height of 1,620 metres (5,315 ft). The mountain and its vicinity has one of the most diverse wildlife populations in the country. Among the wildlife found in the area are Philippine eagles and several species of Nepenthes. Some of the latter, such as the Nepenthes
Nepenthes
peltata, are endemic to the area.[2] The mountain has a protected forest area of approximately 2,000 hectares. This woodland is noted for its unique pygmy forest of century old trees in ultramafic soil, with many endangered, endemic and rare species of flora and fauna.[3][4] The Mount Hamiguitan
Mount Hamiguitan
range, with an area of 6,834 hectares (68.34 km2), was declared a national park and a wildlife sanctuary in 2003.[5] In 2014, the park was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, becoming the first in Mindanao.[4]

Contents

1 Geography 2 Flora and fauna

2.1 Plants 2.2 Animals

3 Designations 4 Notes 5 References 6 External links

Geography[edit] Mount Hamiguitan
Mount Hamiguitan
is located in the province of Davao Oriental
Davao Oriental
in the southeastern part of the island of Mindanao, Philippines. It occupies the land area within the political boundaries of Mati, San Isidro and Governor Generoso.[5] Flora and fauna[edit] Plants[edit] Inventory of flora species in the mountain and its vicinity showed that its montane forest has the highest species richness of plants with 462 species, followed by its dipterocarp forest with 338 species, mossy forest with 246 species and agro-system with 246 species. Some of the plants commonly found on Mount Hamiguitan
Mount Hamiguitan
include the following:[4]

Nepenthes
Nepenthes
hamiguitanensis

A tree growing in the dwarf forest of Mount Hamiguitan

Leptospermum flavescens Wendlandia nervosa Tristaniopsis micrantha Dacrydium elatum Calophyllum
Calophyllum
blancoi Symplocos polyandra Almaciga
Almaciga
(Agathis philippinensis) Elaeocarpus verticillatus Patersonia lowii Astronia lagunensis Nepenthes
Nepenthes
alata (sensu lato)[6] Nepenthes
Nepenthes
hamiguitanensis[7] Nepenthes
Nepenthes
justinae[8] Nepenthes
Nepenthes
micramphora[6] Nepenthes
Nepenthes
peltata[6] Schizaea inopinata Schizaea malaccana Paphiopedilum ciliolare Dipodium paludosum Epigeneium
Epigeneium
sp. Dendrochilum
Dendrochilum
longilabre Dendrochilum
Dendrochilum
tenellum Dendrochilum
Dendrochilum
sp. (unknown species) Macodes petola Coelogyne chloroptera Bulbophyllum
Bulbophyllum
sp. Appendicula sp. Gleichennia hirta Drimys piperita Hydnophyton sp.

Animals[edit] The International Union for Conservation of Nature
International Union for Conservation of Nature
(IUCN) Red List
Red List
has identified at least 11 endangered vertebrate species. The Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources and Development (PCARRD) reported that the mountain is inhabited by five endangered species, 27 rare species, 44 endemic species and 59 economically important species. The following species can be found in the area:[4]

Philippine eagle
Philippine eagle
(Pithecophaga jefferyi) Giant golden-crowned flying fox
Giant golden-crowned flying fox
(Acerodon jubatus) Philippine forest roundleaf bat
Philippine forest roundleaf bat
(Hipposideros obscurus) Philippine tarsier
Philippine tarsier
(Tarsius syrichta) Philippine warty pig
Philippine warty pig
(Sus philippensis) Philippine brown deer (Cervus mariannus) Fischer's pygmy fruit bat
Fischer's pygmy fruit bat
(Haplonycteris fischeri) Asian palm civet
Asian palm civet
(Paradoxurus hermaphroditus) Tawitawi brown-dove
Tawitawi brown-dove
(Phapitreron cinereiceps) Tarictic hornbill
Tarictic hornbill
(Penelopides panini) Grey-hooded sunbird
Grey-hooded sunbird
(Aethopyga primigenius) Giant scops-owl
Giant scops-owl
or Mindanao
Mindanao
eagle-owl (Mimizuku gurneyi) Batomys hamiguitan
Batomys hamiguitan
(a yellow-brown furry-tailed rat species endemic to the area)

Designations[edit] In 2004, Mount Hamiguitan
Mount Hamiguitan
was declared as a wildlife sanctuary through the Mount Hamiguitan
Mount Hamiguitan
Law which was enacted under the initiative of senator Loren Legarda. In June 2014, the Mount Hamiguitan Range Wildlife Sanctuary
Mount Hamiguitan Range Wildlife Sanctuary
was added to the UNESCO
UNESCO
list of World Heritage Sites. Prior to this, the site has already been declared an ASEAN Heritage Park.[9]

Notes[edit]

^ a b de Ferranti, Jonathan; Maizlish, Aaron. "Philippine Mountains - 29 Mountain
Mountain
Summits with Prominence of 1,500 meters or greater". Retrieved 2009-01-09.  ^ " Nepenthes
Nepenthes
species in the Philippines". The International Carnivorous Plant Society. April 2008. Retrieved 2009-01-09.  ^ " Davao Oriental
Davao Oriental
wants Hamiguitan declared as world heritage site". GMA 7. 2008-05-05. Retrieved 2009-01-09.  ^ a b c d "Nine new sites inscribed on World Heritage List". UNESCO. Retrieved 2014-06-23.  ^ a b "An Act Declaring Mount Hamiguitan
Mount Hamiguitan
Range And Its Vicinities As Vicinities As Protected Area Under The Category of Wildlife Sanctuary And Its Peripheral Areas As Buffer Zone and Appropriating Funds Therefor". Congress of the Republic of The Philippines. 2003-07-23. Retrieved 2009-01-09.  ^ a b c McPherson, S.R. 2009. Pitcher Plants of the Old World. 2 volumes. Redfern Natural History Productions, Poole. ^ Gronemeyer, T., A. Wistuba, V. Heinrich, S. McPherson, F. Mey & A. Amoroso 2010. Nepenthes
Nepenthes
hamiguitanensis (Nepenthaceae), a new pitcher plant species from Mindanao
Mindanao
Island, Philippines. In: S.R. McPherson Carnivorous Plants and their Habitats. Redfern Natural History Productions Ltd., Poole. pp. 1296–1305. ^ Gronemeyer, T., W. Suarez, H. Nuytemans, M. Calaramo, A. Wistuba, F.S. Mey & V.B. Amoroso 2016. Two new Nepenthes
Nepenthes
species from the Philippines
Philippines
and an emended description of Nepenthes
Nepenthes
ramos. Plants 5(2): 23. doi:10.3390/plants5020023 ^ "Six new sites inscribed on World Heritage List". UNESCO. Retrieved 23 June 2014. 

References[edit]

Amoroso, V.B. & R.A. Aspiras 2011. Hamiguitan Range: a sanctuary for native flora. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences 18(1): 7–15. doi:10.1016/j.sjbs.2010.07.003

External links[edit]

Media related to Mount Hamiguitan
Mount Hamiguitan
at Wikimedia Commons

v t e

Protected areas in the Davao Region

Natural parks

Mount Apo

Protected landscapes

Aliwagwag Baganga Mainit Hot Springs Mati

Protected landscapes and seascapes

Mabini Pujada Bay

Watershed forest reserves

Malagos

Wildlife sanctuaries

Mount Hamiguitan
Mount Hamiguitan
Range

Protected areas of the Philippines

v t e

World Heritage Sites in the Philippines

Cultural

Baroque Churches of the Philippines
Philippines
(San Agustin, Paoay, Santa Maria, Miagao ) Historic Town of Vigan Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras
Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras
(Batad, Bangaan, Hungduan, Mayoyao Central, Nagacadan)

Natural

Mount Hamiguitan
Mount Hamiguitan
Range Wildlife Sanctuary Puerto Princesa Subterranean River National Park Tubbataha Reef

v t e

ASEAN Heritage Parks

Brunei

Tasek Merimbun Heritage Park

Cambodia

Preah Monivong National Park Virachey National Park

Indonesia

Gunung Leuser National Park Kerinci Seblat National Park Lorentz National Park Way Kambas National Park

Laos

Nam Ha National Protected Area

Malaysia

Gunung Mulu National Park Kinabalu National Park Taman Negara
Taman Negara
National Park

Myanmar

Alaungdaw Kathapa National Park Indawgyi Lake Wildlife Sanctuary Inlay Lake Wetland Sanctuary Khakaborazi National Park Lampi Island Marine National Park Mein-ma-hla Kyun Wildlife Sanctuary Nat Ma Taung National Park

Philippines

Mount Apo
Mount Apo
Natural Park Mount Hamiguitan
Mount Hamiguitan
Range Wildlife Sanctuary Mounts Iglit–Baco National Park Mount Kitanglad Range Natural Park Mount Makiling
Mount Makiling
Nature Reserve Mount Malindang
Mount Malindang
Range Natural Park Timpoong and Hibok-Hibok Natural Monument Tubbataha Reefs Natural Park

Singapore

Bukit Timah Nature Reserve Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve

Thailand

Ao Phang Nga National Park Kaeng Krachan National Park Khao Yai National Park Tarutao National Park

Vietnam

Ba Bể National Park Bái Tử Long National Park Chư Mom Ray National Park Hoàng Liên National Park Kon Ka Kinh National Park U Minh Thượng National Park

Association of Southeast Asian Nations Centre for

.