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Mount Royal
Mount Royal
(officially, Town of Mount Royal, abbreviated TMR) is an affluent on-island suburban town located on the northwest side of the eponymous Mount Royal, north of Downtown Montreal, on the Island of Montreal
Montreal
in southwestern Quebec, Canada. It is completely surrounded by Montreal. The population was 19,503 as of the Canada
Canada
2011 Census. In 2008, most of the Town of Mount Royal
Mount Royal
was designated a National Historic Site of Canada, as a "[remarkable] synthesis of urban renewal movements of the early 20th century, reflecting the influence of the City Beautiful, Garden City and Garden Suburb movements".[7] The town celebrated its 100th anniversary in 2012.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography 3 Government

3.1 Municipal 3.2 Federal and Provincial

4 Demographics

4.1 Languages 4.2 Age 4.3 Households 4.4 Religion 4.5 Income

5 Education 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

History[edit] Town of Mount Royal, or TMR, was founded in 1912. It was created at the initiative of the Canadian Northern Railway. The town was designed by Frederick Todd, a planner who was heavily influenced by the likes of Ebenezer Howard
Ebenezer Howard
and incorporated many aspects of the Garden City Movement as well some elements of the earlier City Beautiful
City Beautiful
movement into his design.[8] The plan was to build a model city at the foot of Mount Royal. The company bought 4,800 acres (1,900 ha) of farmland, and then built a rail tunnel under Mount Royal
Mount Royal
connecting their land to downtown Montreal. The profits from the venture helped finance the development of Canadian Northern's transcontinental railroad, which eventually became a significant constituent of the Canadian National Railway system. The town was designed by Canadian Northern's chief engineer, Henry Wicksteed, based loosely on Washington, D.C.

Plan of “Model City” and of the Mount Royal
Mount Royal
Tunnel

TMR has always been an upper-income community, and until the 1960s its population was majority Anglophone. This began to change after the Quiet Revolution, as francophones gained access to better-paying careers. The town became popular and today the community is 46% francophone and home to a significant Arab and Asian Canadian population. On January 1, 2002, as part of the 2002–2006 municipal reorganization of Montreal, it was merged into Montreal
Montreal
and became a borough. However, after a change of government and a 2004 referendum, it was re-constituted as an independent town on January 1, 2006. One notable feature of the town is the naming of some of its streets, and also its occasionally idiosyncratic numbering system. Some streets which pass through the town may thus bear two names (in whichever language). For example, Jean Talon Street, a large East-West thoroughfare crossing Montreal
Montreal
for kilometers, goes a few hundred meters through TMR under the name of Dresden Avenue, only to recover its Montreal
Montreal
name on the other side of the town. This situation has been recently addressed by putting the two names on the street signs. On these few hundred meters, TMR uses a house civic numbering totally different from that of Montreal
Montreal
on either side. This sort of change in the numbering system also occurs on smaller streets shared by both Montreal
Montreal
and TMR (for example, Trenton, Lockhart and Brookfield avenues, where the TMR numbering system decreases from East to West, only to jump from 2 to 2400 on the few meters of the street that still belong to Montreal. Geography[edit]

Mont-Royal station serves many commuters to Downtown Montreal

Two main thoroughfares, Laird Boulevard and Graham Boulevard, cut across the borough diagonally and meet at Connaught Park, a green space located in the centre. Mount Royal
Mount Royal
Train Station, a commuter train station on the RTM Deux-Montagnes line
Deux-Montagnes line
is located to the east of this park. Trains going through the Mount Royal
Mount Royal
Tunnel link the station to downtown Montreal
Montreal
in eight minutes. Both avenues end at Jean Talon Street and close to the highway. TMR is surrounded on three sides by a highway, a fence and a rail line. The highway is Metropolitan Boulevard, a major constituent of Autoroute 40. It was built as an elevated highway throughout, except when it passes through TMR (between Sainte Croix Avenue and L'Acadie Boulevard), since the Town council requested that it be built on the ground, in order to separate the town from the industrial area to the north. A fence runs along the eastern border with Park Extension
Park Extension
at L'Acadie Boulevard, a six lane thoroughfare. The stated purpose of the fence is to prevent children and house pets from running into the busy thoroughfare but some have contended that it was built to keep residents of the working-class Park Extension
Park Extension
neighbourhood out of the town.[9][10] The rail line is the last portion of Canadian Pacific's Adirondack subdivision. It originally ran through the northern part of the district of Côte-des-Neiges. However, when the town became part of Montreal
Montreal
on Jan 1, 2002, the part of Côte-des-Neiges
Côte-des-Neiges
north of rail line was incorporated into the Mount Royal
Mount Royal
borough. When the town demerged on Jan 1, 2006 this part, known as Glenmount, reverted to Côte-des-Neiges. Government[edit]

Mont-Royal Town Hall

Rockland Road in Mount-Royal at dusk

Municipal[edit] Philippe Roy was elected mayor by acclamation in a by-election in 2010, then again in a general election in 2013. TMR is divided into six electoral districts. Only the Town mayor sits on the agglomeration council of Montreal.

Joseph Daoura (District No. 1) Minh-Diem Le Thi (District No. 2) Erin Kennedy (District No. 3) John Miller (District No. 4) Michelle Setlakwe at (District No. 5) Daniel Robert (District No. 6)

Federal and Provincial[edit] The entire borough is located within the federal riding of Mount Royal, whose best-known MP for nearly 20 years was Pierre Trudeau, and within the smaller provincial electoral district of Mount Royal. Demographics[edit]

Historical populations

Year Pop. ±%

1966 21,845 —    

1971 21,560 −1.3%

1976 20,514 −4.9%

1981 19,247 −6.2%

1986 18,350 −4.7%

1991 18,212 −0.8%

1996 18,282 +0.4%

2001 18,682 +2.2%

2006 18,933 +1.3%

2011 19,503 +3.0%

2016 20,276 +4.0%

[11]

Note: Percentages may not add up to 100 percent due to rounding of data samples. As of the census of 2001,[12] there were 18,682 people, 7,065 households, and 5,215 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,438.90/km². There were 7,267 housing units at an average density of 948.69/km². The racial makeup of the town was 84.51% White, 1.71% Black Canadian, 0.08% Aboriginal, 6.66% Asian Canadian, and 0.84% Latin
Latin
American. Languages[edit]

Knowledge of Official Languages (Statistics Canada: 2006,[13] 2001[14])

Language(s) 2016 2011 2006 2001

Percentage (%) Percentage (%) Percentage (%) Percentage (%)

Both English and French 78% 77.2% 77.6% 76.9%

English only 9.1% 9.9% 10.1% 11.6%

French only 11.2% 11.7% 11.1% 10.1%

Neither English nor French 1.6% 1.3% 1.2% 1.4%

The 2006 census found that, counting single responses only, French was spoken as a mother tongue by 43.9% of the population, which was a decrease from 46.4% in 2001. English was spoken as a mother tongue by a total of 21.8% of the population in 2006, which was a decrease from 26.2% in 2001. Counting single responses only, the next most common mother tongues were Arabic
Arabic
(7.3%), Greek (3.1%), Italian (3.0%), Armenian and Chinese (2.5% each), and Vietnamese (2.4%).[15]

Mother tongue Population (2006) Percentage (2006) Population (2011) Percentage (2011) Population (2016) Percentage (2016)

French 8,185 43.86% 8,475 44.04% 8,740 43.68%

English 4,060 21.76% 3,960 20.58% 3,705 18.52%

English and French 225 1.21%

English and a non-official language 210 1.13%

French and a non-official language 160 0.86%

English, French and a non-official language 55 0.29%

Arabic 1,355 7.26%

Greek 570 3.05%

Italian 555 2.97%

Armenian 465 2.49%

Chinese 460 2.47%

Vietnamese 445 2.38%

Romanian 280 1.50%

Spanish 155 0.83%

Persian 155 0.83%

Russian 145 0.78%

German 125 0.67%

Korean 95 0.51%

Polish 85 0.46%

Hungarian 80 0.43%

Tagalog 75 0.40%

Creole 60 0.32%

Tamil 60 0.32%

Gujarati 45 0.24%

Ukrainian 45 0.24%

Portuguese 40 0.21%

Hebrew 35 0.19%

Yiddish 35 0.19%

Bulgarian 30 0.16%

Czech 25 0.13%

Kurdish 25 0.13%

Slovak 25 0.13%

Home language (2006, 2011 and 2016)

Language Population (2006) Percentage (2006) Population (2011) Percentage (2011) Population (2016) Percentage (2016)

French 9,145 49.02% 9,070 47.14% 9,350 46.73%

English 6,375 34.17% 5,950 30.93% 5,585 27.91%

Both English and French 395 2.12% 385 2.00% 430 2.15%

Other languages 2,745 14.71% 3,020 15.70% 3,560 17.79%

Age[edit] In the town the population was spread out with 18.7% under the age of 15, 11.6% from 15 to 24, 24.8% from 25 to 44, 26.0% from 45 to 64, and 19.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 89.2 males. For every 100 females age 15 and over, there were 85.9 males. Households[edit] There were 7,065 households out of which 33.7% had children living with them, 57.6% were married couples living together, 7.2% had a female lone-parent as a householder, and 25.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average married-couple family size was 3.2. Religion[edit] As of 2001, Christians made up 71.9% of the population, or 53.2% Catholic, 6.0% Protestant, 10.9% Orthodox, and 1.8% other Christian. Other religions in the town include 12% Jewish, 5.5% Muslim, 2.3% Buddhist, and 0.6% other religions. 7.6% of the population claimed to have no religious affiliation.[16] Income[edit] As of 2006, the median income for a household in the town was $86,743 CAD, and the median income for a family was $112,449 CAD. Males had an average income of $86,428 CAD versus $41,883 CAD for females. About 4.5% of the labour force was unemployed. The largest occupation categories were 20.7% employed in management occupations, 20.3% business, finance, and administration occupations, and 17.9% in sales and service occupations. Education[edit] The Commission scolaire Marguerite-Bourgeoys
Commission scolaire Marguerite-Bourgeoys
(CSMB) operates Francophone
Francophone
public schools.[17] Secondary schools:

École secondaire Mont-Royal École secondaire Pierre-Laporte

Primary schools:

École primaire Académie Saint-Clément École primaire Saint-Clément

The English Montreal
Montreal
School Board (EMSB) operates Anglophone public schools in the town.

Carlyle Elementary School[18] Dunrae Gardens Elementary School[19]

The Town has its own library, J.-P. Dawson Library, which is independent from the Montreal
Montreal
Library Network. See also[edit]

List of enclaves List of former boroughs Montreal
Montreal
Merger Municipal reorganization in Quebec

References[edit]

^ "List of the official municipalities of Québec". Gouvernement du Québec. 2012. Archived from the original on 5 February 2012. Retrieved 24 September 2012.  ^ "Ville de Mont-Royal - Town of Mount Royal
Mount Royal
(Homepage)". Town of Mount-Royal. 24 September 2012. Retrieved 24 September 2012.  ^ Reference number 388468 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (in French) ^ a b Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire: Mont Royal ^ Parliament of Canada
Canada
Federal Riding History: MOUNT ROYAL (Quebec) ^ a b 2011 Statistics Canada
Canada
Census
Census
Profile: Mount Royal, Quebec ^ "Model City of Mount Royal". Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada. Parks Canada. Retrieved November 30, 2011. [dead link] ^ Sewell, John. "The Shape of the City: Toronto Struggles with Modern Planning" page 52 University of Toronto Press Inc. 1993 ^ Kristian Gravenor, "Segregation fence to live on." Montreal
Montreal
Mirror, November 8, 2001. Archived July 1, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Photographer gets hassled by municipal security. ^ "Profil sociodémographique: Ville de Mont-Royal" (PDF) (in French). Ville de Montréal. 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013.  ^ Statistics Canada
Canada
(2007-01-02). "2001 Community Profiles: Community Highlights for Mont-Royal". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2007-12-01.  ^ Statistics Canada. "2006 Community Profiles: Community Highlights for Mont-Royal". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2007-12-04.  ^ Statistics Canada. "Language Composition of Canada: Knowledge of Official Languages". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2007-12-01.  ^ "Mont-Royal, V". Detailed Mother Tongue (103), Knowledge of Official Languages (5), Age Groups (17A) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census
Census
Divisions and Census Subdivisions, 2006 Census
Census
- 20% Sample Data. Statistics Canada. 2007-11-20. Retrieved 2008-02-06.  ^ "2001 Community Profiles — Population". Canada
Canada
2006 census. Statistics Canada. 2001. Retrieved 26 July 2010.  ^ "ÉCOLES ET CENTRES." Commission Scolaire Marguerite-Bourgeoys. Retrieved on December 7, 2014. ^ Carlyle Elementary School ^ École Dunrae Gardens School

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mount Royal, Quebec.

Official website Model City of Mount Royal. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 5 February 2012.

Places adjacent to Mount Royal, Quebec

Ahuntsic-Cartierville
Ahuntsic-Cartierville
(Montreal) Villeray–Saint-Michel–Parc-Extension
Villeray–Saint-Michel–Parc-Extension
(Montreal)

Saint-Laurent (Montreal)

Town of Mount Royal

Outremont (Montreal)

Cote-des-Neiges–Notre-Dame-de-Grace
Cote-des-Neiges–Notre-Dame-de-Grace
(Montreal)

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