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Mohammed VI (Arabic: محمد السادس‎, Berber languages: ⵎⵓⵃⵎⵎⴷ ⵡⵉⵙ ⵚⴹⵉⵚ; born 21 August 1963)[1] is the King of Morocco. He ascended to the throne on 23 July 1999 upon the death of his father, King Hassan II.[2]

Contents

1 Early life and education 2 King of Morocco

2.1 Social reforms and liberalization

3 Business and wealth

3.1 Allegations of corruption

4 Controversy

4.1 20 February Movement 4.2 Royal pardon scandal

5 Family 6 Children and their date of birth 7 Titles, styles and honours

7.1 Titles and styles 7.2 Honours and decorations

8 Ancestry 9 See also 10 References 11 External links

Early life and education[edit] Mohammed was the second child and oldest son of Hassan II
Hassan II
and his second wife, Lalla Latifa
Lalla Latifa
Hammou.[3] On the day of his birth, Mohammed was appointed Heir Apparent and Crown Prince.[4] His father was keen on giving him a religious and political education from an early age; at the age of four he started attending the Qur'anic school at the Royal Palace.[1] Mohammed completed his primary and secondary studies at Royal College and attained his Baccalaureate in 1981, before gaining a bachelor's degree in law at the Mohammed V University at Agdal
Mohammed V University at Agdal
in 1985.[5] His research paper dealt with "the Arab-African Union and the Strategy of the Kingdom of Morocco
Morocco
in matters of International Relations".[1] He has also frequented the Imperial College and University of Rabat.[4] He was furthermore appointed President of the Pan Arab Games, and was commissioned a Colonel Major of the Royal Moroccan Army
Royal Moroccan Army
on 26 November 1985. He served as the Coordinator of the Offices and Services of the Royal Armed Forces until 1994.[4] In 1987, Mohammed obtained his first Certificat d'Études Supérieures (CES) in political sciences, and in July 1988 he obtained a Diplôme d'Études Approfondies (DEA) in public law.[1] In November 1988, he trained in Brussels
Brussels
with Jacques Delors, then-President of the European Commission.[1] Mohammed obtained his PhD in law with distinction on 29 October 1993 from the French University of Nice Sophia Antipolis
University of Nice Sophia Antipolis
for his thesis on "EEC- Maghreb
Maghreb
Relations".[1] On 12 July 1994, he was promoted to the military rank of Major General, and that same year he became President of the High Council of Culture and Commander-in-Chief
Commander-in-Chief
of the Royal Moroccan Army. He speaks Arabic, English, Spanish and French.[6] The New York Times
The New York Times
reported that prior to ascending to the throne, Mohammed "gained a reputation as a playboy during the years he spent waiting in the wings, showing a fondness for fast cars and nightclubs."[7] King of Morocco[edit]

Royal family of Morocco

HM The King HRH The Princess Consort

HRH The Crown Prince HRH Princess Lalla Khadija

HH Princess Lalla Latifa

HRH Princess Lalla Meryem HRH Princess Lalla Asma HRH Princess Lalla Hasna HRH Prince Moulay Rachid HRH Princess Lalla Oum Kalthum

HH Prince Moulay Ahmed

HRH Princess Lalla Lamia

HH Prince Moulay Hicham HH Princess Lalla Zineb HH Prince Moulay Ismail

HRH Princess Lalla Malika

HH Princess Lalla Joumala Alaoui Sharif Moulay Abdallah Alaoui Sharif Moulay Youssef Alaoui

v t e

Mohammed VI (right) talking to US President George W. Bush
George W. Bush
in Washington on 23 April 2002.

Mohammed VI in 2004.

Mohammed VI (left) with Brazilian President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva in 2004.

Mohammed VI (left) with Russian President Vladimir Putin
Vladimir Putin
in 2016.

On 23 July 1999, Mohammed succeeded his father as king, being enthroned in Rabat
Rabat
on 30 July.[4] Social reforms and liberalization[edit] Shortly after he took the throne, Mohammed VI addressed his nation via television, promising to take on poverty and corruption, while creating jobs and improving Morocco's human rights record. Mohammed's reformist rhetoric was opposed by Islamist
Islamist
conservatives, and some of his reforms angered fundamentalists. In February 2004, he enacted a new family code, or Mudawana, which granted women more power.[8] Mohammed also created the so-called Instance Equité et Réconciliation (IER), which was tasked with researching human rights violations under Hassan II. This move was welcomed by many as promoting democracy, but was also criticized because reports of human rights violations could not name the perpetrators. According to human rights organisations, widespread abuses still exist in Morocco.[9][10][11] The 2011 Moroccan protests
2011 Moroccan protests
were motivated by corruption and general political discontentment, as well as by the hardships of the global economic crisis. In December 2010, the whistleblowing website WikiLeaks
WikiLeaks
published diplomatic cables which alleged high-level corruption involving the King himself.[12] In a speech delivered on 9 March 2011, the King said that parliament would receive "new powers that enable it to discharge its representative, legislative, and regulatory mission". In addition, the powers of the judiciary were granted greater independence from the King, who announced that he was impaneling a committee of legal scholars to produce a draft constitution by June 2011.[13] On 1 July, voters approved a set of political reforms proposed by Mohammed. The reforms consisted of the following:[14]

The Berber language[15] is an official state language along with Arabic.[16] The state preserves and protects the Hassānīya language and all the linguistic components of the Moroccan culture
Moroccan culture
as a heritage of the nation.[16] The King now has the obligation to appoint the prime minister from the party that wins the most seats in the parliamentary elections, but it can be any member of the winning party and not necessarily the party's leader. Previously, the king could nominate anybody he wanted for this position regardless of the election results. That was usually the case when no party had a big advantage over the other parties, in terms of the number of seats in the parliament.[14][17][18] The King is no longer "sacred or holy" but the "integrity of his person" is "inviolable".[19] High administrative and diplomatic posts (including ambassadors, CEOs of state-owned companies, provincial and regional governors), are now appointed by the prime minister and the ministerial council which is presided by the king; previously the latter exclusively held this power.[20][21] The prime minister is the head of government and president of the council of government, he has the power to dissolve the parliament.[22] The prime minister will preside over the Council of Government, which prepares the general policy of the state. Previously the king held this position.[22] The parliament has the power of granting amnesty. Previously this was exclusively held by the king.[23] The judiciary system is independent from the legislative and executive branch, the king guarantees this independence.[22][24] Women are guaranteed "civic and social" equality with men. Previously, only "political equality" was guaranteed, though the 1996 constitution grants all citizens equality in terms of rights before the law.[18] The King retains complete control over the armed forces and the judiciary as well as matters pertaining to religion and foreign policy; the king also retains the authority to appoint and dismiss prime ministers.[25] All citizens have the freedom of thought, ideas, artistic expression and creation. Previously only free speech and the freedom of circulation and association were guaranteed.[18][26] However, criticizing or directly opposing the king is still punishable with prison.

In January 2017, Morocco
Morocco
banned the manufacturing, marketing and sale of the burqa.[27] Business and wealth[edit] Main articles: Société Nationale d'Investissement, Attijariwafa Bank, and ONA Group

Graphic detailing ownership of the palace-controlled holding[28] the Société National d'investissement as of June 2013.

Mohammed VI is Morocco's leading businessman and banker.[28] In 2015, he was estimated by Forbes
Forbes
magazine to be worth US$5.8 billion,[29] and the Moroccan Royal Family has one of the largest fortunes in the world.[30] Along with his family, they hold the majority stakes in the Société Nationale d'Investissement
Société Nationale d'Investissement
(SNI), which was originally state-owned but was merged in 2013 with Omnium Nord Africain (ONA Group), to form a single holding company that was taken off the Casablanca Stock Exchange—resulting in the scrapping of an equivalent of 50 billion Dirhams Marketcap (~US$6 billion).[31] SNI has a diverse portfolio consisting of many important businesses in Morocco
Morocco
and operating in various sectors such as; Attijariwafa Bank (banking), Managem
Managem
(mining), Onapar, SOMED (tourism/real-estate and exclusive distributor of Maserati), Wafa Assurance (insurance), Marjane (hypermarket chain), Wana- Inwi
Inwi
(telecommunications), SONASID (Siderurgy), Lafarge Maroc (cement manufacturer), Sopriam (exclusive distributor of Peugeot- Citroën
Citroën
in Morocco), Renault
Renault
Maroc (exclusive distributor of Renault
Renault
in Morocco) and Nareva (energy).[32][33] SNI also owns many food-processing companies and is currently in the process of disengaging from this sector.[32] Between mid-2012 and 2013 SNI sold; Lessieur, Centrale Laitière, Bimo and Cosumar to foreign groups for a total amount of ~$1.37 billion (11.4 billion Dirhams including 9.7 billion in 2013 and 1.7 in 2012).[32] SNI and ONA both owned stakes in Brasseries du Maroc, the largest alcoholic beverages manufacturer and distributor of brands such as Heineken
Heineken
in the country.[34] Mohammed VI is also a leading agricultural producer and land owner in Morocco, where agriculture is exempted from taxes.[32] His holding company "Siger" has shares in the large agricultural group "Les domaines agricoles" (originally called "Les domaines royaux", now commonly known as "Les domaines"), which was founded by Hassan II.[32] In 2008 Telquel
Telquel
estimated that "Les domaines" had a revenue of $157 million (1.5 billion Dirhams), with 170,000 tons of citrus exported in that year.[32] According to the same magazine, the company officially owns 12,000 hectares of agricultural lands.[32] "Chergui", a manufacturer of dairy products, is the most recognizable brand of the group.[32] Between 1994 and 2004, the group has been managed by Mohammed VI's brother-in-law Khalid Benharbit, the husband of Princess Lalla Hasna.[32] "Les domaines" also owns the "Royal Golf de Marrakech", which originally belonged to Thami El Glaoui.[32] His palace's daily operating budget is reported by Forbes
Forbes
to be $960,000—which is paid by the Moroccan state as part of a 2.576 billion Dirhams/year budget as of 2014[35]—owing much of it to the expense of personnel, clothes, and car repairs.[30] Allegations of corruption[edit] Royal involvement in business is a major topic in Morocco
Morocco
but public discussion of it is sensitive. The US embassy in Rabat
Rabat
reported to Washington in a leaked cable that "corruption is prevalent at all levels of Moroccan society".[12] Corruption allegedly reaches the highest levels in Morocco, where the business interests of Mohammed VI and some of his advisors influence "every large housing project," according to WikiLeaks
WikiLeaks
documents quoted The Guardian
The Guardian
newspaper.[36] The documents released by the whistleblower website also quote the case of a businessman working for a US consortium, whose plans in Morocco
Morocco
were paralysed for months after he refused to join forces with a company linked with the royal palace. Decisions on big investments in the kingdom were taken by only three people, the documents quote a company executive linked to the royal family as saying. The three are the king, his secretary Mounir Majidi, and the monarch's close friend, adviser and former classmate Fouad Ali Himma, the executive said at a meeting with potential investors in a Gulf country. This corruption especially affects the housing sector, the WikiLeaks
WikiLeaks
documents show.[37] In April 2016, Mounir Majidi, the personal secretary of Mohammed VI, was named in the Panama Papers.[38][39] Controversy[edit] Main article: 2011–12 Moroccan protests 20 February Movement[edit] The legitimacy of the King was contested in 2011 with the 20 February Movement that attempted to undermine the functioning of the monarchic system. Royal pardon scandal[edit] Main article: Daniel Galván scandal Protests broke out in Rabat, the capital of Morocco, on 2 August 2013, after Mohammed VI pardoned 48 jailed Spaniards, including a pedophile who had been serving a 30-year sentence for raping 11 children aged between 4 and 15. He has since revoked the pardon, after popular outrage.[40] Family[edit] Mohammed VI has one brother, Prince Moulay Rachid, and three sisters: Princess Lalla Meryem, Princess Lalla Asma, and Princess Lalla Hasna. The New York Times
The New York Times
noted "conflicting reports about whether the new monarch had been married on Friday night, within hours of his father's death [in 1999]... to heed a Moroccan tradition that a King be married before he ascends the throne." A palace official subsequently denied that the marriage had taken place.[41] On 21 March 2002,[4] Mohammed married Salma Bennani (now H.R.H. Princess Lalla Salma) in Rabat. Bennani was granted the personal title of Princess with the title of Her Royal Highness
Her Royal Highness
on her marriage. They have two children: Crown Prince Moulay Hassan, who was born on 8 May 2003, and Princess Lalla Khadija, who was born on 28 February 2007.[8] Mohammed's birthday on 21 August is a public holiday,[42] although festivities were cancelled upon the death of his aunt in 2014.[43] Children and their date of birth[edit]

Name Born Place birth Age

Crown Prince Moulay Hassan (2003-05-08)8 May 2003 Royal Palace, Rabat, Morocco 14 years, 10 months and 30 days

Princess Lalla Khadija (2007-02-28)28 February 2007 Royal Palace, Rabat, Morocco 11 years, 1 month and 10 days

Titles, styles and honours[edit]

Royal styles of King Mohammed VI of Morocco

Reference style His Majesty

Spoken style Your Majesty

Titles and styles[edit] The official style of the King is "His Majesty the King Mohammed the Sixth, Commander of the Faithful, may God grant him victory" (صاحب الجلالة الملك محمد السادس أمير المؤمنين نصره الله Ṣāḥib al-Jalālah al-Malik Muḥammad al-Sādis, 'Amīr al-Mu'minīn, Naṣṣarahu-Illāh). When he is executing his duty as head of the Royal Moroccan Armed Forces, he is generally referred to as the "Commander-in-Chief." Honours and decorations[edit] National orders:

Grand Master of the Order of Muhammad, (23 July 1999) Grand Master of the Order of Ouissam Alaouite, (23 July 1999) Grand Master of the Order of Fidelity, (23 July 1999) Grand Master of the Order of the Throne, (23 July 1999) Grand Master of the Order of the Independence Combat, (23 July 1999) Grand Master of the Order of Military Merit, (23 July 1999)

Mohammed VI has received numerous honours and decorations from various countries, some of which are listed below. Foreign orders:

Grand Officer of the Order of the Equatorial Star
Order of the Equatorial Star
of Gabon
Gabon
(7 July 1977)[citation needed] Collar of the Order of Civil Merit
Order of Civil Merit
of Spain
Spain
(2 June 1979)[44] Honorary Knight of the Grand Cross
Grand Cross
of the Royal Victorian Order
Royal Victorian Order
of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (27 October 1980)[citation needed] Grand Cross
Grand Cross
of the Order of Charles III
Order of Charles III
of Spain
Spain
(23 June 1986)[45] Grand Cordon
Grand Cordon
of the Order of the Republic of Tunisia
Tunisia
(August 1987)[46] Grand Cross
Grand Cross
of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic
Order of Merit of the Italian Republic
of Italy (18 March 1997)[47] Grand Cross
Grand Cross
of the Legion of Honour
Legion of Honour
of France
France
(19 March 2000)[citation needed] Collar of the Order of al-Hussein bin Ali
Order of al-Hussein bin Ali
of Jordan
Jordan
(1 March 2000)[46] Collar of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic
Order of Merit of the Italian Republic
of Italy
Italy
(11 April 2000)[48] Grand Cordon
Grand Cordon
of the Order of National Merit of Mauritania
Mauritania
(26 April 2000)[46] Grand Collar
Grand Collar
of the Order of the Seventh of November of Tunisia
Tunisia
(31 May 2014, previously Grand Cross
Grand Cross
on 24 May 2000)[citation needed] Grand Cordon
Grand Cordon
of the National Order of Mali
National Order of Mali
of Mali
Mali
with Collar (14 June 2000)[46] Collar of the Order of Isabella the Catholic
Order of Isabella the Catholic
of Spain
Spain
(16 September 2000)[49] Wissam of the Order of Oumayid of Syria
Syria
(9 April 2001)[46] Wissam of the Order of Merit of Lebanon
Lebanon
Special
Special
Class (13 June 2001)[46] First Class Medal of the Order of Abu Bakar Siddiq of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
(29 June 2001)[46] Grand Collar
Grand Collar
of the Order of al-Khalifa of Bahrain
Bahrain
(28 July 2001)[46] Collar of the Order of Mubarak the Great of Kuwait
Kuwait
(22 October 2002)[46] Cordon of the Order of the Independence of Qatar
Qatar
(25 October 2002)[46] Grand Cordon
Grand Cordon
of the Order of the Nile
Order of the Nile
of Egypt
Egypt
(28 October 2002)[46] Grand Cross
Grand Cross
of the Order of Pakistan
Pakistan
First Class (Nishan-e-Pakistan) of Pakistan
Pakistan
(19 July 2003)[citation needed] Grand Cross
Grand Cross
of the Order of Valour
Order of Valour
of Cameroon
Cameroon
(17 June 2004)[46] Grand Cross
Grand Cross
of the Order of the Equatorial Star
Order of the Equatorial Star
of Gabon
Gabon
(21 June 2004)[46] Grand Cross
Grand Cross
of the National Order of the Niger
Niger
of the Niger
Niger
(24 June 2004)[46] Grand Cordon
Grand Cordon
of the Order of Leopold of Belgium
Belgium
(5 October 2004)[citation needed] Collar of the Order of the Southern Cross of Brazil
Brazil
(26 November 2004)[46] Medal of Honour of the Congress of Peru (1 December 2004)[46] Collar of the Order of Bernardo O'Higgins
Order of Bernardo O'Higgins
of Chile
Chile
(3 December 2004)[46] Grand Collar
Grand Collar
of the Order of the Liberator General San Martin
Order of the Liberator General San Martin
of Argentina
Argentina
(7 December 2004)[citation needed] Collar of the Order of Charles III
Order of Charles III
of Spain
Spain
(14 January 2005)[50] Grand Collar
Grand Collar
of the Order of the Aztec Eagle
Order of the Aztec Eagle
of Mexico
Mexico
(11 February 2005)[46] Grand Cross
Grand Cross
of the Order of Burkinabé of Burkina Faso
Burkina Faso
(1 March 2005)[46] Supreme Collar of the Order of the Chrysanthemum
Order of the Chrysanthemum
of Japan
Japan
(28 November 2005)[46] Grand Commander of the Order of the Republic of the Gambia (20 February 2006)[46] Grand Cross
Grand Cross
of the Order of Merit of the Congo of the Republic of Congo (22 February 2006)[46] Grand Cross
Grand Cross
of the Order of the National Hero of the Democratic Republic of the Congo of Congo-Kinshasa
Congo-Kinshasa
(28 February 2006)[46] Commander Grand Cross
Grand Cross
with Chain of the Order of the Three Stars
Order of the Three Stars
of Latvia (14 May 2007)[46] Collar of the Order of Abdulaziz Al Saud
Order of Abdulaziz Al Saud
of Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia
(18 May 2007)[46] Grand Collar
Grand Collar
of the Order of Independence of Equatorial Guinea
Equatorial Guinea
(17 April 2009)[46] Collar of the Order of the Republic of Tunisia
Tunisia
(31 May 2014) Collar of the Order of Zayed
Order of Zayed
(4 May 2015)[51] Grand Cross
Grand Cross
of the Order of La Pléiade
Order of La Pléiade
(24 May 2017)[52]

On 22 June 2000, Mohammed VI received an honorary doctorate from George Washington University.[53] Ancestry[edit]

Ancestors of Mohammed VI of Morocco

16. Hassan I of Morocco

8. Yusef of Morocco

17. Lalla Ruqiya

4. Mohammed V of Morocco

9. Lalla Yaqut

2. Hassan II
Hassan II
of Morocco

20. Hassan I of Morocco
Morocco
(= 16)

10. Moulay Mohammed bin Hassan

5. Lalla Abla bint Tahar

1. Mohammed VI of Morocco[3]

6. Kaid Amaroq[54]

3. Lalla Fatima Amahzoune

See also[edit]

Alaouite dynasty Société Nationale d'Investissement Hassan II

References[edit]

^ a b c d e f "King Mohammed Ben Al-Hassan". Embassy of the Kingdom of Morocco. Archived from the original on 7 April 2010. Retrieved 18 February 2010.  ^ "World: Africa Mohammed VI takes Moroccan throne". BBC News. 24 July 1999. Retrieved 18 February 2010.  ^ a b Royal Ark. Royal Ark. Retrieved on 22 July 2015. ^ a b c d e MOROCCO14. Royalark.net. Retrieved on 4 March 2012. ^ "Biography of HM. King MohammedVI", Maroc.ma. ^ "Biography of HM. King Mohammed VI". Retrieved 1 December 2014.  ^ "In Morocco, Too, a Young King for a New Generation" New York Times, 27 July 1999 https://web.archive.org/web/20170424160754/http://www.nytimes.com/1999/07/27/world/in-morocco-too-a-young-king-for-a-new-generation.html ^ a b " Morocco
Morocco
country profile". BBC News. 16 December 2009. Retrieved 18 February 2010.  ^ MacFarquhar, Neil (1 October 2005). "In Morocco, a Rights Movement, at the King's Pace". New York Times. Retrieved 18 February 2010.  ^ Harter, Pascale (19 April 2005). "Facing up to Morocco's hidden fear". BBC News. Retrieved 18 February 2010.  ^ "Morocco/Western Sahara: Amnesty International welcomes public hearings into past violations". Amnesty International. Retrieved 18 February 2010.  ^ a b Black, Ian (6 December 2010). " WikiLeaks
WikiLeaks
cables accuse Moroccan royals of corruption". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 16 June 2011.  ^ Mohammed VI speech[permanent dead link]. Moroccansforchange.com (9 March 2011). Retrieved 4 March 2012. ^ a b BBC News
BBC News
(29 June 2011). "Q&A: Morocco's referendum on reform". Retrieved 1 February 2013. ^ A standardized version of the 3 native Berber dialects of Morocco: Tashelhit, Central Atlas Tamazight
Central Atlas Tamazight
and Tarifit. ^ a b Article 5 of the 2011 Moroccan constitution ^ Article 47 of the 2011 Moroccan constitution ^ a b c 1996 Moroccan constitution ^ Article 46 of the 2011 Moroccan constitution ^ Article 91 of the 2011 Moroccan constitution ^ Article 49 of the 2011 Moroccan constitution ^ a b c AFP. "Maroc: la réforme constitutionnelle préconise de limiter certains pouvoirs du roi". Parisien. Retrieved 24 August 2011.  ^ Article 71 of the 2011 Moroccan constitution ^ Article 107 of the 2011 Moroccan constitution. ^ Voice of America (30 July 2011). "Moroccan King Calls for Prompt Parliamentary Elections". Retrieved 8 December 2012. ^ Driss Bennani, Mohammed Boudarham and Fahd Iraqi. "nouvelle constitution. plus roi que jamais". Telquel. Retrieved 24 August 2011. [permanent dead link] ^ Ennaji, Moha. "Why Morocco's burqa ban is more than just a security measure". The Conversation. Retrieved 2017-09-12.  ^ a b GREENE (24 April 2008). "MOROCCAN ROYAL FAMILY HOLDING ONA FIRES CEO". Consulate Casablanca. Archived from the original on 16 December 2013. Retrieved 15 November 2013.  ^ "In Pictures: World's Richest Royals". Forbes. 17 June 2009. Retrieved 18 November 2013.  ^ a b Pendleton, Devon; Serafin, Tatiana (30 August 2007). "In Pictures: The World's Richest Royals". Forbes.  ^ Iraqi, Fahd; Mehdi Michbal (14 June 2013). "http://www.telquel-online.com/En-couverture/SNI-Le-nouveau-visage-du-business-royal/573". Telquel.  External link in title= (help); access-date= requires url= (help) ^ a b c d e f g h i j Tounassi, Fédoua (12 December 2008). "Enquête. Les jardins du roi". Telquel. Archived from the original on 7 December 2013. Retrieved 18 November 2013.  ^ Ahmed Reda Benchemsi; Fahd Iraqi (18 July 2009). "Le Businessman" (PDF). TelQuel. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 December 2013. Retrieved 18 November 2013.  ^ SQALLI, Nouaim (3 January 2006). "Bourse: Les filiales de l'ONA boostent le marché de blocs". l'Economiste. Retrieved 18 November 2013.  ^ Benseddik, Ahmed (12 November 2013). "Benkirane a bien augmenté le budget royal de " Sidna "". Demain Online. Archived from the original on 14 November 2013. Retrieved 15 November 2013.  ^ "US embassy cables: Moroccan sacking exposes king's business role". The Guardian. 6 December 2010.  ^ "US embassy cables: Moroccan businessman reveals royal corruption, claims US cable". The Guardian. 6 December 2010.  ^ "Panama Papers: The Power Players". International Consortium of Investigative Journalists. Archived from the original on 4 April 2016. Retrieved 3 April 2016.  ^ "Mohammed VI aime les îles Vierges" Le Monde, 04 April 2016 http://www.lemonde.fr/afrique/article/2016/04/04/maroc-mohammed-vi-aime-les-iles-vierges_4895300_3212.html ^ Yaakoubi, Aziz El. (3 August 2013) Moroccan police break up protest against royal pardon of Spanish pedophile. Reuters.com. Retrieved on 22 July 2015. ^ "In Morocco, Too, a Young King for a New Generation" New York Times, 27 July 1999 https://web.archive.org/web/20170424160754/http://www.nytimes.com/1999/07/27/world/in-morocco-too-a-young-king-for-a-new-generation.html ^ " Morocco
Morocco
Official, Public and National Holidays". Morocco.com. Retrieved 21 August 2013.  ^ "title". Retrieved 18 August 2014.  ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado. (PDF) . Retrieved on 22 July 2015. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado. (PDF) . Retrieved on 22 July 2015. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z HM King Mohammed VI. map.ma ^ Quirinale website. Quirinale.it. Retrieved on 25 July 2016. ^ Quirinale website. Quirinale.it. Retrieved on 22 July 2015. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado. (PDF) . Retrieved on 22 July 2015. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado. (PDF) . Retrieved on 22 July 2015. ^ (Wam). " Morocco
Morocco
King honoured with Order of Zayed
Order of Zayed
- Khaleej Times". www.khaleejtimes.com. Retrieved 2016-11-24.  ^ "King Mohammed VI Awarded Grand Cross
Grand Cross
of the Order of La Pleiade". Morocco
Morocco
World News. 2017-05-25. Retrieved 2017-09-12.  ^ "His Majesty The King Mohammed VI". Embassy of the kingdom of Morocco
Morocco
to United States of America. Retrieved 27 September 2013. [permanent dead link] ^ (10 February 1967). The King of Morocco, Hassan II, The New York Times ("daughter of Kaid Amaroq, a mountain chieftain")

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mohammed VI of Morocco.

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Mohammed VI of Morocco

Morocco
Morocco
Alaoui dynasty King Mohammed VI Grants Exclusive First-ever Interview to Time Laurenson, John. The most powerful man in Morocco. BBC News. 11 March 2006. Constitutional Reform in Morocco: I Am the Reform!

Mohammed VI House of Alaouite Born: 21 August 1963

Regnal titles

Preceded by Hassan II King of Morocco 1999–present Incumbent Heir apparent: Moulay Hassan

v t e

Mohammed VI

King of Morocco
Morocco
(1999–present) Alaouite dynasty

Family and education

Immediate

Hassan II
Hassan II
(father) Latifa Amahzoune (mother) Prince Moulay Rachid (brother) Princess Lalla Meryem (sister) Princess Lalla Asma (sister) Princess Lalla Hasna (sister) Prince Moulay Hassan (son) Princess Lalla Khadija (daughter) Salma Bennani (wife)

Extended

Prince Moulay Abdallah (uncle) Prince Moulay Hicham (cousin) Prince Moulay Ismail (cousin) Princess Lalla Joumala Alaoui
Princess Lalla Joumala Alaoui
(cousin) Moulay Abdallah (cousin) Moulay Youssef (cousin) Moulay Driss (cousin) Mohammed El Alaoui (cousin) Princess Lalla Amina (aunt) Princess Lalla Malika (aunt) Princess Lalla Aicha (aunt) Mohamed Mediouri (stepfather)

Education

Collège Royal Mohammed V University

Entourage

Advisors and/or members of the royal cabinet

Fouad Ali El Himma Mounir Majidi Moulay Abdallah Alaoui Moulay Youssef Alaoui Moulay Driss Alaoui Mohammed El Alaoui Rochdi Chraibi Abdellatif Hammouchi Fadel Benyaich Noureddine Bensouda Taieb Fassi Fihri Omar Azziman Abdelaziz Meziane Belfqih Mohamed Moatassim André Azoulay Omar Kabbaj Mohammed Kabbaj Zoulikha Naciri Karim Bouzida Abdellatif Mennouni Mustpaha Sahel Mohamed Hassad Abdelhak Mrini Abbas Jirari Yassir Znagui Mohamed Taieb Naciri Mounir Charïbi Driss Jettou Hassan Aourid

Security Officials

Yassine Mansouri Hamidou Laanigri Chakib Benmoussa Taieb Cherkaoui Mustpaha Sahel Saad Hassar Mohammed Hassad Charki Draiss Bouchaib Rmail Ahmed Midaoui Abderrahmane Sbai Abdellatif Loudiyi Aziz Jaidi

Senior bureaucrats

Mustapha Bakkoury Aziz Akhannouch Ali Fassi Fihri Fathallah Sijilmassi Mostafa Terrab Ahmed Toufiq Ahmed Akhchichine Latifa Labida Latifa Akherbach Mohamed Benaissa Driss Dahak Khalihenna Ould Errachid Mohamed Cheikh Biadillah Driss Benhima Tarek Sijilmassi

No official position[1]

Mehdi Alaoui Mdaghri Khalid Cohen Hassan Bernoussi Karim Chakour

Senior media-bureaucrats

Faycal Laraichi Khalil Hachimi Idrissi Samira Sitail Ahmed Akhchichine Latifa Akherbach

Business interests

Current

Société Nationale d'Investissement
Société Nationale d'Investissement
(SNI) SIGER Attijariwafa Bank Wafa Assurance Wafa Cash Managem Inwi Marjane Acima Sonasid ONAPAR SOMED Nareva Agma Lahlou-Tazi Optorg Sotherma (Sidi Harazem, Ain Saiss) Eco-Médias (Assabah, L'Économiste, Radio Atlantic) SOREAD (2M) Cosumar Lessieur Centrale Laitière Bimo Les Domaines Agricoles

Former

ONA Group Brasseries du Maroc BCM (Banque Commerciale du Maroc)

Rule

Crises

Daniel Galván scandal 2011-12 protests Perejil Island crisis

Policy

Mudawana
Mudawana
(new family code) Equity and Reconciliation Commission

Western Sahara conflict

Gdeim Izik protests Aminatou Haidar Royal Advisory Council for Saharan Affairs Autonomy proposal

Elections

2011 parliamentary election 2007 parliamentary election 2002 parliamentary election 2011 constitutional referendum

Patronage

Mawazine

← Hassan II

Category

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Current monarchs of sovereign states

Africa

Letsie III Mohammed VI Mswati III

Asia

Hamad Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck Hassanal Bolkiah Norodom Sihamoni Akihito Abdullah II Sabah IV Muhammad V Qaboos Tamim Salman Rama X Khalifa*

Europe

Macron^ and Vives Sicília^ Philippe Margrethe II Hans-Adam II (Regent: Alois) Henri Albert II Willem-Alexander Harald V Felipe VI Carl XVI Gustaf Elizabeth II Francis

Americas

Elizabeth II

Oceania

Elizabeth II Tupou VI

*Officially President ^Ex officio as President of France
France
and Bishop of Urgell

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Arab Spring

"Ash-shab yurid isqat an-nizam"

Events by country

Algeria Bahrain Djibouti Egypt Iraq Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Libya Mauritania Morocco Oman Palestine Saudi Arabia Sudan Syria Tunisia Western Sahara Yemen

Groups

Bahrain: Al Wefaq February 14 Youth Coalition

Egypt: April 6 Youth Movement Kefaya Muslim Brotherhood
Muslim Brotherhood
(FJP) National Association for Change National Democratic Party National Salvation Front Revolutionary Socialists Shayfeencom The Third Square Ultras Ahlawy

Libya: National Liberation Army National Transitional Council

Mauritania: February 25th Movement

Saudi Arabia: Women to drive movement CDHRAP Society for Development and Change

Syria: Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party

Regional Command National Command

National Coalition for Syrian Revolutionary and Opposition Forces Free Syrian Army Syrian Revolution General Commission Syrian National Council National Coordination Committee for Democratic Change Hizb ut-Tahrir Foreign fighters

Tunisia: Constitutional Democratic Rally Ennahda Movement Popular Front Tunisian General Labour Union Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet

Yemen: Alliance of Yemeni Tribes Al-Islah Hashid Houthis General People's Congress Hiraak

Notable people

Women in the Arab Spring

Algeria: Abdelaziz Bouteflika Ahmed Ouyahia

Bahrain: Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa Hasan Mushaima Ali Salman Ali Jawad al-Sheikh

Egypt: Hosni Mubarak Omar Suleiman Mohamed Hussein Tantawi Ahmed Nazif Ahmed Shafik Wael Ghonim Kamal Ganzouri Khaled Mohamed Saeed Gihan Ibrahim Essam Sharaf Mohamed ElBaradei Mohamed Morsi Hesham Qandil Bassem Youssef

Jordan: King Abdullah II Marouf al-Bakhit Samir Rifai

Libya: Muammar Gaddafi Saif al-Islam Gaddafi Mustafa Abdul Jalil Mahmoud Jibril Mohammed Nabbous

Mauritania: Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz Moulaye Ould Mohamed Laghdaf

Morocco: Mohammed VI Abbas El Fassi

Saudi Arabia: Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al Saud Khaled al-Johani Manal al-Sharif Nimr al-Nimr

Sudan: Omar al-Bashir Hassan al-Turabi

Syria: Bashar al-Assad Muhammad Naji al-Otari Adel Safar Riyad Farid Hijab Wael Nader al-Halqi Maher al-Assad Burhan Ghalioun Moaz al-Khatib Hamza Ali Al-Khateeb

Tunisia: Zine El Abidine Ben Ali Mohamed Ghannouchi Moncef Marzouki Rashid al-Ghannushi Fouad Mebazaa Beji Caid Essebsi Hamadi Jebali Mohamed Bouazizi Chokri Belaid

United Arab Emirates: UAE Five

Yemen: Ali Abdullah Saleh Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi Tawakkol Karman Abdul Majeed al-Zindani Ali Mohsen al-Ahmar Sadiq al-Ahmar Abdul-Malik al-Houthi Mohammed Ali al-Houthi

Impact

Occupy movement Albania Armenia Azerbaijan

2011 2013

Belarus Burkina Faso China Greece India

2011 2012

Iran Iraqi Kurdistan Israel Maldives Mali Mexico

2011 2012

Portugal Russia Spain Turkey

2011–12 2013

United Kingdom United States Libyan Civil War (2011–present) Egyptian crisis (2011–14)

UN Resolutions

65/265 1970 1973 2009 2014 2016

International reactions

Bahrain Egypt Libya

civil war military intervention death of Muammar Gaddafi

Syria Tunisia Yemen

Domestic reactions

Egypt Libya

domestic responses state's response

Syria

Timelines by country

Bahrain Egypt Libya Saudi Arabia Syria Yemen

Category Commons Wikiquotes

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Rulers of Morocco

Idrisid dynasty (788–974)

Idris I (Idris ibn Abdallah) Idris II (Idris ibn Idris) Muhammad ibn Idris Ali I (Ali ibn Muhammad) Yahya I (Yahya ibn Muhammad) Yahya II (Yahya ibn Yahya) Ali II (Ali ibn Umar) Yahya III (Yahya ibn al-Qasim) Yahya IV (Yahya ibn Idris ibn Umar) Al-Hasan ibn Muhammad Al-Qasim ibn Ibrahim Ahmad ibn al-Qasim Al-Hasan ibn al-Qasim

Almoravid dynasty (1040–1147)

Yusuf ibn Tashfin Ali ibn Yusuf Tashfin ibn Ali Ibrahim ibn Tashfin Ishaq ibn Ali

Almohad dynasty (1121–1269)

Abd al-Mu'min Yusuf I (Abu Yaqub Yusuf) Yaqub al-Mansur Muhammad al-Nasir Yusuf II (Yusuf al-Mustansir) Abd al-Wahid I (Abd al-Wahid al-Makhluʿ) Abdallah al-ʿAdil Yahya al-Mu'tasim Idris al-Ma'mun Abd al-Wahid II Said al-Muʿtadid

Marinid dynasty (1244–1465)

Abubakr ibn Abd al-Haqq Yaqub ibn Abubakr Yusuf ibn Yaqub Amir ibn Abdullah Sulayman ibn Abdullah Uthman ibn Yaqub Ali ibn Uthman Faris ibn Ali Muhammad ibn Faris Abubakr ibn Faris Ibrahim ibn Ali Tashfin ibn Ali Abd al-Aziz ibn Ali Muhammad ibn Abd al-Aziz Ahmad ibn Ibrahim (al-Mustansir) Musa ibn Faris Muhammad ibn Ahmad (al-Wathiq) Ahmad ibn Ibrahim (al-Mustansir) Abd al-Aziz ibn Ahmad Abdallah ibn Ahmad Uthman ibn Ahmad Abd al-Haqq ibn Uthman

Idrisid interlude (1465–1471)

Muhammad ibn Ali Amrani-Joutey

Wattasid dynasty (1471–1549, 1554)

Muhammad ibn Yahya Muhammad ibn Muhammad Ali ibn Muhammad
Ali ibn Muhammad
(Abu Hassun) Ahmad ibn Muhammad Muhammad ibn Ahmad

Saadi dynasty (1549–1659)

Muhammad ash-Sheikh Abdallah al-Ghalib Muhammad al-Mutawakkil Abd al-Malik I (Abu Marwan Abd al-Malik al-Ghazi) Ahmad al-Mansur Abu Faris Abdallah Zidan al-Nasir Abd al-Malik II (Abu Marwan Abd al-Malik ibn Zidan) Al-Walid ibn Zidan Mohammed esh-Sheikh es-Seghir Ahmad al-Abbas

Dila'i interlude (1659–1663)

Muhammad al-Haj ad-Dila'i

Alaouite dynasty (1666–present)

Al-Rashid ibn Ali Ismail ibn Ali Ahmad ibn Ismail Abd al-Malik ibn Ismail Abdallah ibn Ismail Ali ibn Ismail Muhammad II (Muhammad ibn Ismail) Al-Mustadi' ibn Ismail Zin al-Abidin ibn Ismail Muhammad III (Muhammad ibn Abdallah) Al-Yazid ibn Muhammad Hisham ibn Muhammad Suleiman ibn Muhammad Abd al-Rahman ibn Hisham Muhammad IV (Muhammad ibn Abd al-Rahman) Hassan I (Al-Hassan ibn Muhammad) Abd al-Aziz ibn al-Hassan Abd al-Hafid ibn al-Hassan Yusuf ibn al-Hassan Muhammad ibn Arafa Muhammad V (Muhammad ibn Yusuf) Hassan II
Hassan II
(Hassan ibn Muhammad) Muhammad VI (Muhammad ibn al-Hassan)

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Arab leaders

 Algeria

Abdelaziz Bouteflika Ahmed Ouyahia

 Bahrain

Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa

 Comoros

Azali Assoumani

 Djibouti

Ismaïl Omar Guelleh Abdoulkader Kamil Mohamed

 Egypt

Abdel Fattah el-Sisi Sherif Ismail

 Iraq

Fuad Masum Haider al-Abadi

 Jordan

Abdullah II of Jordan Hani Al-Mulki

 Kuwait

Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah Jaber Al-Mubarak Al-Hamad Al-Sabah

 Lebanon

Michel Aoun Saad Hariri

 Libya

Fayez al-Sarraj

 Mauritania

Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz Yahya Ould Hademine

 Morocco

Mohammed VI of Morocco Saadeddine Othmani

 Oman

Qaboos bin Said al Said

 Palestine

Mahmoud Abbas Rami Hamdallah

 Qatar

Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani Abdullah bin Nasser bin Khalifa Al Thani

 Saudi Arabia

Salman of Saudi Arabia

 Somalia

Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed Hassan Ali Khayre

 Sudan

Omar al-Bashir Bakri Hassan Saleh

 Syria

Bashar al-Assad Imad Khamis

 Tunisia

Beji Caid Essebsi Youssef Chahed

 United Arab Emirates

Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum

 Yemen

Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi Ahmed Obeid bin Daghr

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 1066511 LCCN: n00029052 ISNI: 0000 0001 1465 9461 GN

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