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The Mithi River
Mithi River
also known as "' Mahim
Mahim
River"' is a river on Salsette Island, the island of the city of Mumbai, India. It is a confluence of tail-water discharges of the Powai and Vihar lakes. The river is seasonal and rises during the monsoons. The overflowing lakes also contribute to the river flow, which is stopped by a dam at other times. During this season, the river is a favourite with anglers, who can catch large fish that have escaped from the lakes[citation needed]. Fishing is banned there.[citation needed] The international airport is located right next to the section of river at Andheri.

Contents

1 Geography 2 Ecology 3 Environmental degradation 4 Cleanup 5 Development 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

Geography[edit]

Mithi river in Mumbai
Mumbai
showing the concrete pillars used in increasing its width

The river originates from the overflow of Vihar Lake
Vihar Lake
and also receives the overflows from the Powai Lake
Powai Lake
about 2 km later. It flows for a total of 15 km before it meets the Arabian Sea
Arabian Sea
at Mahim
Mahim
Creek flowing through residential and industrial complexes of Powai, Saki Naka, Kurla, Kalina, Vakola, Bandra- Kurla
Kurla
complex, Dharavi
Dharavi
and Mahim. The river has an average width of 5 metres in the upper reaches, has been widened to 25 m in the middle reaches and up to 70 m in the lower reaches after the 26 July 2005 deluge (944 mm in 24 h on 26 July 2005).[citation needed] Ecology[edit] It is also less well known that the Mahim
Mahim
bay area, where Mithi River meets Arabian Sea
Arabian Sea
is a nominated bird sanctuary where migratory birds come for nesting. This part is full of mangroves. When the river was not as polluted as it is today, it used to serve as an important storm water drain for Mumbai
Mumbai
but as it has been used as a sewer over the years, its importance as a storm water drain has reduced and on the contrary, it poses as a hazard during high tide bringing polluted water into the city and flooding the city. Environmental degradation[edit] The river has been polluted by dumping of raw sewage, industrial waste and municipal waste into the river. Besides this, illegal activities like washing vessels, animals and oily drums, discharge of unauthorised hazardous waste are also carried out along the course of this river. Cattle sheds in some areas contribute animal waste. Barrel cleaners, scrap dealers and others dump sludge oil, effluent and garbage in the river. The organic waste, sludge and garbage dumping has reduced the carrying capacity of the river. The water with mixture of sewage and industrial waste is a threat to marine life. The river bed is full of sludge, garbage and vegetation growth like water hyacinth in many parts.[1] The city of Mumbai
Mumbai
earned the epithet – 'Cottonopolis of India' due to its vibrant cotton textile mills. The mills over the years have utilized water from this river and dumped their waste into it leading to the present polluted state of the river. Cleanup[edit] The Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai
Mumbai
has undertaken a cleanliness drive lately so that the floods of July 26, 2005 are not repeated. An environmental group has been formed by Rajendra Singh, an award-winning conservationist in 2009. The BMC has been able to remove just 267,000 cubic metres so far, or 60% of what is required.[2] It aims to revive the dying river. EDIT: 95% of this work has been comepleted after expenditure of Rs659.83 crore on this lake. The river has been widened and is now improved to flood less. Development[edit] Many young entrepreneurs in and around Mumbai
Mumbai
are now aggressively involved with cause of Mithi River, and creating awareness on a global scale as the government of India
India
has once again started ignoring this extremely important issue.[3] In 2009, environmentalist and Magsaysay Award winner, Rajendra Singh
Rajendra Singh
lead a yatra, of a group of environmentalist and NGOs, through Mumbai
Mumbai
city along the endangered Mithi river to highlight its problems.[4] Recently a Contemporary Art show was held to create major awareness about dire situation of Mithi River
Mithi River
in Bombay by Chintan Upadhyay titled Khatti – Mithi[5] See also[edit]

Environment portal Ecology portal Mumbai
Mumbai
portal

List of rivers of India Rivers of India Seven Islands of Bombay

References[edit]

^ "Mithi river water pollution and recommendations for its control" (PDF). Maharashtra
Maharashtra
Pollution Control Board. Retrieved 29 August 2014.  ^ Aghor, Ashwin (2009-01-12). "Eco group formed to revive Mithi River". DNA. Retrieved 2009-06-21.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-07-13. Retrieved 2009-07-05.  ^ "Waterman of India
India
plans a river parliament to revive the Mithi". Indian Express. Jan 12, 2009. Archived from the original on September 6, 2012.  ^ "Water babies, stinky but timely". The Times Of India. 2009-06-28. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mithi River.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Mumbai.

Five Disasters Waiting to Happen, a film that chronicles the Mithi river's ecological issues. Mithi river water pollution and recommendations for its control by Maharashtra
Maharashtra
Pollution Control Board 'Making the Sewer...a River Again – Why Mumbai
Mumbai
must reclaim its Mithi.' A film by Riddhi J Chokhawala, Gautam Kirtane and Dhaval Desai, Research Fellows, Observer Research Foundation Mumbai Kadinsky, Sergey "Mithi River, Mumbai" Hidden Waters Blog February 1, 2016

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