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Minnesota Wisconsin*

Principal cities

Minneapolis Saint Paul

Area

 • Urban 1,021.8 sq mi (2,646 km2)

 • Metro 8,120 sq mi (21,000 km2)

Highest elevation 1,376 ft (419 m)

Lowest elevation 666 ft (203 m)

Population (2016)

 • Density 515.4/sq mi (199.0/km2)

 • Urban 3,112,117 (14th)

 • MSA 3,600,618 (16th)

 • CSA 3,946,533 (14th)

  MSA/CSA: 2017 Urban: 2010

Time zone CST (UTC-6)

 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)

MSA Historical Population

Census Pop.

1850 4,491

1860 77,565

1,627.1%

1870 167,674

116.2%

1880 284,766

69.8%

1890 540,232

89.7%

1900 649,735

20.3%

1910 808,388

24.4%

1920 921,031

13.9%

1930 1,069,845

16.2%

1940 1,162,361

8.6%

1950 1,346,285

15.8%

1960 1,697,403

26.1%

1970 2,079,826

22.5%

1980 2,255,502

8.4%

1990 2,595,799

15.1%

2000 3,031,918

16.8%

2010 3,346,859

10.4%

Est. 2017 3,600,618 [1] 7.6%

U.S. Decennial Census[2] 1790-1960[3] 1900-1990[4] 1990-2000[5] 2010-2017[6]

CSA Historical Population

Census Pop.

1850 4,909

1860 100,503

1,947.3%

1870 227,182

126.0%

1880 374,208

64.7%

1890 651,160

74.0%

1900 780,923

19.9%

1910 943,975

20.9%

1920 1,070,395

13.4%

1930 1,228,835

14.8%

1940 1,330,771

8.3%

1950 1,523,428

14.5%

1960 1,891,459

24.2%

1970 2,300,115

21.6%

1980 2,503,343

8.8%

1990 2,866,678

14.5%

2000 3,335,000

16.3%

2010 3,682,928

10.4%

Est. 2017 3,946,533 [7] 7.2%

U.S. Decennial Census[8] 1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10] 1990-2000[11] 2010-2016[6]

Minneapolis–Saint Paul
Minneapolis–Saint Paul
is a major metropolitan area built around the Mississippi, Minnesota
Minnesota
and St. Croix rivers in east central Minnesota. [12] The area is commonly known as the Twin Cities after its two largest cities, Minneapolis, the most populous city in the state, and Saint Paul, the state capital. It is an example of twin cities in the sense of geographical proximity. Minnesotans living outside of Minneapolis
Minneapolis
and Saint Paul often refer to the two together (or the seven-county metro area collectively) as The Cities. There are several different definitions of the region. Many refer to the Twin Cities as the seven-county region which is governed under the Metropolitan Council
Metropolitan Council
regional governmental agency and planning organization. The Office of Management and Budget
Office of Management and Budget
officially designates 16 counties as the Minneapolis–St. Paul–Bloomington MN-WI Metropolitan Statistical Area, the 16th largest in the United States. The entire region known as the Minneapolis– St. Paul
St. Paul
MN-WI Combined Statistical Area, has a population of 3,866,768, the 14th largest, according to 2015 Census estimates. Despite the Twin moniker, both cities are independent municipalities with defined borders. Minneapolis
Minneapolis
is somewhat younger with more modern skyscrapers downtown, while Saint Paul has been likened to an East Coast city, with quaint neighborhoods and a vast collection of well-preserved late-Victorian architecture.[13] Minneapolis
Minneapolis
was influenced by its early Scandinavian and Lutheran heritage. St. Paul
St. Paul
was influenced by its early French, Irish and German Catholic
Catholic
roots.

Contents

1 Populated places

1.1 Counties 1.2 Cities and suburbs

2 Combined Statistical Area

2.1 Components

3 Rivalry 4 Culture

4.1 Fine and performing arts 4.2 Outdoors

5 Demography

5.1 Place of birth 5.2 Religion

6 Sports 7 Politics 8 Economy 9 History 10 Geography and geology

10.1 Climate 10.2 Buildings and structures

11 Colleges and universities 12 Transportation

12.1 Roads and highways 12.2 Interstates 12.3 U.S. Route freeways 12.4 Major State Highways 12.5 Air travel 12.6 Public transit

13 Media

13.1 Print 13.2 Television 13.3 Radio 13.4 Independent media

14 Honors 15 References 16 External links

Populated places[edit] Counties[edit] The Minneapolis- St. Paul
St. Paul
metropolitan area includes 16 counties, of which 14 are in Minnesota
Minnesota
and two in Wisconsin. Note: Counties that are bolded are under jurisdiction of the Metropolitan Council. Numbers in parentheses are 2013 census estimates. Counties that are italicized were added to the metropolitan area when the Office of Management and Budget
Office of Management and Budget
revised its delineations of metropolitan statistical areas in 2013.[14][15]

Hennepin County (1,212,064) Ramsey County (532,655) Dakota County (412,529) Anoka County (341,864) Washington County (249,283) Scott County (139,672) Wright County (131,078) Carver County (97,338) Sherburne County (91,126) St. Croix County, Wisconsin
Wisconsin
(84,345) Chisago County (54,025) Pierce County, Wisconsin
Wisconsin
(41,019) Isanti County (38,413) Le Sueur County (27,770) Mille Lacs County (25,884) Sibley County (14,918)

Cities and suburbs[edit] There are approximately 218 incorporated municipalities within the Twin Cities metropolitan region. This includes census-designated places along with villages in Wisconsin, but excludes unincorporated towns in Wisconsin, known as civil townships in other states. Estimates are as of 2016 for cities with 25,000 or more inhabitants. Places with over 100,000 inhabitants (2016 estimates)

Minneapolis
Minneapolis
(419,952) Saint Paul (304,442)

Places with 50,000 to 99,999 inhabitants

Bloomington (88,299) Brooklyn Park
Park
(80,450) Plymouth (75,452) Eagan (68,223) Woodbury (68,079) Maple Grove (66,401) Blaine (64,188) Eden Prairie (63,496) Coon Rapids (62,240) Burnsville (61,481) Lakeville (60,965) Minnetonka (51,669) Apple Valley (51,221) Edina (50,138)

Places with 25,000 to 49,999 inhabitants

St. Louis Park
Park
(48,171) Maplewood (40,567) Shakopee (39,981) Richfield (36,216) Cottage Grove (35,918) Roseville (35,580) Inver Grove Heights (34,857) Andover (32,213) Brooklyn Center (30,770) Savage (30,391) Oakdale (28,080) Fridley (27,713) Shoreview (26,477) Ramsey (25,828) Chanhassen
Chanhassen
(25,332) Prior Lake
Lake
(25,282) White Bear Lake
Lake
(25,205) Chaska (25,199)

Places with 10,000 to 24,999 inhabitants

Elk River (23,963) Champlin (23,894) Rosemount (23,413) Crystal (22,943) Farmington (22,731) Hastings (22,554) New Brighton (22,351) Golden Valley (21,270) Lino Lakes (21,050) New Hope (21,032) South St. Paul
St. Paul
(20,405) Columbia Heights (19,815) West St. Paul
St. Paul
(19,727) Forest
Forest
Lake
Lake
(19,618) Stillwater (18,924) Hopkins (18,076) St. Michael (17,596) Anoka (17,350) Buffalo (16,806) Ham Lake
Lake
(16,062) Otsego (15,551) River Falls, Wisconsin
Wisconsin
(15,339) Robbinsdale (14,418) Hugo (14,388) Hudson, Wisconsin
Wisconsin
(13,566) Monticello (13,459) Vadnais Heights (13,266) Mounds View (12,914) Rogers (12,562) North St. Paul
St. Paul
(12,322) Waconia (11,968) East Bethel (11,692) Mendota Heights (11,223) Big Lake
Lake
(10,868) Little Canada (10,319) North Branch (10,215)

Places with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants

Arden Hills (9,951) Mound (9,336) St. Anthony (8,991) Victoria (8,676) Cambridge (8,451) Oak Grove (8,439) Lake
Lake
Elmo (8,406) Mahtomedi (8,116) Orono (8,006) Wyoming (7,813) Albertville (7,745) Shorewood (7,614) New Prague (7,582) Saint Francis (7,406) Minnetrista (7,178) Belle Plaine (6,918) Spring Lake
Lake
Park
Park
(6,473) Delano (6,280) Jordan (6,076) Medina (5,973) Falcon Heights (5,571) Corcoran (5,552) Isanti (5,464) Saint Paul Park
Park
(5,379) Zimmerman (5,350) Dayton (5,096) North Oaks (4,968) Circle Pines (4,958) Chisago City
City
(4,932) Oak Park
Park
Heights (4,831) Elko New Market (4,705) Becker (4,700) Princeton (4,680) Wayzata (4,610) Nowthen (4,582) Rockford (4,439) Lindstrom (4,401) Carver (4,311) Watertown (4,289) Prescott, Wisconsin
Wisconsin
(4,258) Grant (4,147) Scandia (4,057) Columbus (4,007) Le Sueur (3,999) Centerville (3,930) Deephaven (3,843) Independence (3,741) Bayport (3,714) Norwood Young America (3,677) Newport (3,480) Hanover (3,449) Annandale (3,332) Montrose (3,119) Rush City
City
(3,072) Afton (2,966) Greenfield (2,919) Montgomery (2,915) Milaca (2,883) Cokato (2,785) Osseo (2,748) Lauderdale (2,506) Le Center (2,459) St. Bonifacius (2,320) Excelsior (2,279) Maple Lake
Lake
(2,268) Gaylord (2,245) Arlington (2,169) Howard Lake
Lake
(2,157) Lexington (2,022) Mayer (1,903) Clearwater (1,855) Waterville (1,849) Lakeland (1,839) Long Lake
Lake
(1,800) Maple Plain (1,785) Braham (1,770) Spring Park
Park
(1,705) Cologne (1,605) Waverly (1,588) Tonka Bay (1,537) Stacy (1,470) Winthrop (1,363) Harris (1,125) Dellwood (1,094) Lake
Lake
St. Croix Beach (1,075) Shafer (1,036) Taylors Falls (1,014) Birchwood Village (878) Henderson (874) Lilydale (872) Gibbon (752) Hilltop (736) Landfall (735) Greenwood (718) Cleveland (700) Marine on St. Croix (695) Hampton (687) Elysian (669) Loretto (668) Kasota (660) Clear Lake
Lake
(645) Center City
City
(628) Minnetonka Beach (570) Sunfish Lake
Lake
(538) Green Isle (537) Hamburg (520) Foreston (516) Willernie (496) Bethel (472) Gem Lake
Lake
(469) Woodland (463) Randolph (441) New Auburn (437) Vermillion (424) Pine Springs (396) New Germany (389) St. Marys Point (380) Medicine
Medicine
Lake
Lake
(374) Lakeland Shores (314) Pease (240) Wahkon (209) Mendota (205) South Haven (192) Coates (163) Kilkenny (133) Miesville (131) Heidelberg (123) New Trier (113) Bock (105)

Combined Statistical Area[edit] The Minneapolis–St. Paul, MN–WI Combined Statistical Area
Combined Statistical Area
is made up of 19 counties in Minnesota
Minnesota
and two counties in Wisconsin. The statistical area includes two metropolitan areas and three micropolitan areas. As of the 2010 Census, the CSA had a population of 3,684,928 (though a July 1, 2012 estimate placed the population at 3,691,918).[16] The CSA definition encompasses 11,132.44 sq mi (28,832.9 km2) of area. Components[edit]

Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs)

Minneapolis–St. Paul–Bloomington, MN–WI (Hennepin, Ramsey, Dakota, Anoka, Washington, Scott, Wright, Carver, Sherburne, St. Croix, Chisago, Pierce, Isanti, Le Sueur, Mille Lacs and Sibley counties) St. Cloud (Stearns and Benton counties)

Micropolitan Statistical Areas

Hutchinson (McLeod County) Faribault–Northfield (Rice County) Red Wing (Goodhue County)

Rivalry[edit] Minneapolis
Minneapolis
and St. Paul
St. Paul
have competed since they were founded, resulting in some duplication of effort.[17] After St. Paul
St. Paul
completed its elaborate Cathedral in 1915, Minneapolis
Minneapolis
quickly followed up with the equally ornate Basilica of St. Mary in 1926. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries the rivalry became so intense that an architect practicing in one city was often refused business in the other. The 1890 United States
United States
Census even led to the two cities arresting and/or kidnapping each other's census takers, in an attempt to keep either city from outgrowing the other.[18][19][20]

The 1905 Minneapolis
Minneapolis
Millers baseball team

The rivalry could occasionally erupt into inter-city violence, as happened at a 1923 game between the Minneapolis
Minneapolis
Millers and the St. Paul Saints, both baseball teams of the American Association.[citation needed] In the 1950s, both cities competed for a major league baseball franchise (which resulted in two rival stadiums being built), and there was a brief period in the mid-1960s where the two cities could not agree on a common calendar for daylight saving time, resulting in a period of a few weeks where people in Minneapolis
Minneapolis
were one hour "behind" anyone living or traveling in St. Paul.[citation needed] The cities' mutual antagonism was largely healed by the end of the 1960s, aided by the simultaneous arrival in 1961 of the Minnesota Twins of the American League
American League
and the Minnesota
Minnesota
Vikings of the National Football League, both of which identified themselves with the state as a whole (the former explicitly named for both Twin Cities) and not with either of the major cities (unlike the earlier Minneapolis Lakers). Since 1961, it has been common practice for any major sports team based in the Twin Cities to be named for Minnesota
Minnesota
as a whole. In terms of development, the two cities remain distinct in their progress, with Minneapolis
Minneapolis
absorbing new and avant-garde architecture while St. Paul
St. Paul
continues to carefully integrate new buildings into the context of classical and Victorian styles.[17] Culture[edit] See also: Culture of Minnesota Fine and performing arts[edit]

Guthrie Theater
Guthrie Theater
on the Mississippi River, Minneapolis

The Minneapolis-Saint Paul metropolitan area fine art museums include the Minneapolis
Minneapolis
Institute of Art, the Walker Art Center, and the Frederick R. Weisman Art Museum. The Minnesota
Minnesota
Orchestra and the Saint Paul Chamber Orchestra are full-time professional musical ensembles. The Guthrie Theater
Guthrie Theater
moved into a new building in 2006 overlooking the Mississippi River. The Minnesota
Minnesota
Fringe Festival is an annual celebration of theatre, dance, improvisation, puppetry, kids' shows, visual art, and musicals.[21] The Public Radio
Radio
program A Prairie Home Companion, hosted by Minnesota native Garrison Keillor
Garrison Keillor
aired live for many years from the Fitzgerald Theater in Saint Paul. The show ended its run in 2016, with its successor Live from Here
Live from Here
also airing from the same venue.

Outdoors[edit]

A Saint Paul Bouncing Team aerialist exhibition in St. Paul

There are numerous lakes in the region, and cities in the area have some very extensive park systems for recreation. Organized recreation includes the Great River Energy bicycle festival, the Twin Cities Marathon, and the U.S. pond hockey championships. Some studies have shown that area residents take advantage of this, and are among the most physically fit in the country, though others have disputed that. Nonetheless, medicine is a major industry in the region and the southeasterly city of Rochester, as the University of Minnesota
Minnesota
has joined other colleges and hospitals in doing significant research, and major medical device manufacturers started in the region (the most prominent is Medtronic). Technical innovators have brought important advances in computing, including the Cray
Cray
line of supercomputers. It is common for residents of the Twin Cities area to own or share cabins and other properties along lakes and forested areas in the central and northern regions of the state, and weekend trips "up North" happen through the warmer months. Ice fishing
Ice fishing
is also a major pastime in the winter, although each year some overambitious fishermen find themselves in dangerous situations when they venture out onto the ice too early or too late. Hunting, snowmobiling, ATV riding and numerous other outdoor activities are also popular. This connectedness with the outdoors also brings a strong sense of environmentalism to many Minnesotans. In 2011 and 2012, the American College
College
of Sports Medicine
Medicine
named Minneapolis–Saint Paul
Minneapolis–Saint Paul
the healthiest metropolitan area in America.[22][23] Demography[edit] Place of birth[edit] Approximately 93.2% of the metropolitan area's population was native to the United States. Approximately 92.6% were born in the U.S. while 0.6% were born in Puerto Rico, a U.S. territory, or born abroad to American parents. The rest of the population (6.8%) were foreign-born. The highest percentages of immigrants came from Asia (38.2%), Latin America (25.4%), and Africa (20.1%); smaller percentages of newcomers came from Europe (13.1%), other parts of North America (3.0%), and Oceania (0.2%).[citation needed] Religion[edit]

Guardian Angels Catholic
Catholic
Church in Chaska

Minneapolis–Saint Paul
Minneapolis–Saint Paul
is also a major center for religion in the state, especially Christianity. The state headquarters of five major Christian churches are found here: the Roman Catholic
Catholic
Archdiocese of Saint Paul and Minneapolis, the Episcopal Diocese of Minnesota, the Presbyterian
Presbyterian
Synod of Lakes and Prairies, and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). The Presbyterian
Presbyterian
and LDS churches both have missions in Saint Paul, Minneapolis
Minneapolis
and Bloomington as well as the orthodox church in America The headquarters of the former American Lutheran
Lutheran
Church (ALC), Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church, Lutheran
Lutheran
Free Church and the Augustana Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church were located in Minneapolis; the headquarters of Augsburg Fortress
Augsburg Fortress
publishing house still is. The Minneapolis
Minneapolis
Area Synod and the Saint Paul Area Synod are the first and third largest synods of the Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in America (ELCA), respectively. The Evangelical Free Church of America
Evangelical Free Church of America
has its headquarters in Bloomington, and the Association of Free Lutheran
Lutheran
Congregations is headquartered in Plymouth, along with its seminary and a Bible School. The Twin Cities are home to several synagogues serving the Jewish population, which is concentrated in the western Minneapolis
Minneapolis
suburbs of Golden Valley, St. Louis Park, Plymouth and Minnetonka. There is also a Hindu temple located in the Twin Cities suburb of Maple Grove. A recent influx of immigrants from Laos
Laos
and Northern Africa has brought many more religions to the area. There are several Islamic Masjids in the area. There is a temple for the religion of Eckankar
Eckankar
in the suburb of Chanhassen
Chanhassen
known as the Temple of Eck. In addition, many Hmong and Tibetan Buddhist
Buddhist
peoples live in Saint Paul; a Hmong Buddhist
Buddhist
temple opened in suburban Roseville in 1995. The LDS St. Paul Minnesota
Minnesota
Temple opened in Oakdale, a suburb east of Saint Paul, in 2000. There are several very strong Unitarian Universalist
Unitarian Universalist
communities such as the First Unitarian Society of Minneapolis, as well as several Pagan and Buddhist
Buddhist
groups. The cities of St. Paul
St. Paul
and Minneapolis
Minneapolis
have been called Paganistan due to the large numbers of Pagans living there.[24] There are an estimated 20,000 Pagans living in the Twin Cities area.[25] Minneapolis
Minneapolis
is where the Billy Graham Evangelistic Association
Billy Graham Evangelistic Association
started and was its home for more than fifty years. Sports[edit] Main articles: Sports in Minneapolis–Saint Paul
Sports in Minneapolis–Saint Paul
and Sports in Minnesota The following table shows the professional sports teams in the Minneapolis—Saint Paul MSA:

Club Sport League Venue City Titles

Minnesota
Minnesota
Twins Baseball American League, Major League Baseball Target Field Minneapolis 1987, 1991

St. Paul
St. Paul
Saints Baseball AAIPB CHS Field St. Paul

Minnesota
Minnesota
Vikings American football National Football League U.S. Bank Stadium Minneapolis 1969 (Not Super Bowl)

Minnesota
Minnesota
Wild Ice
Ice
hockey National Hockey League Xcel Energy
Xcel Energy
Center St. Paul

Minnesota
Minnesota
Timberwolves Basketball National Basketball
Basketball
Association Target Center Minneapolis

Minnesota
Minnesota
Lynx Basketball Women's National Basketball
Basketball
Association Target Center Minneapolis 2011, 2013, 2015, 2017

Minnesota
Minnesota
United FC Soccer Major League Soccer TCF Bank Stadium Minneapolis
Minneapolis
(Temporary home) 2011 (NASL)

Over 3,700 fans attend the opening bout of the 2007 Minnesota RollerGirls season

The Twin Cities is one of thirteen American metropolitan areas to have teams in all four major sports — MLB, NFL, NBA and NHL. Including Major League Soccer
Major League Soccer
(MLS), it is one of ten metro areas to have five major sports. To avoid favoring either of the Twin Cities, most teams based in the area use only the word Minnesota
Minnesota
in their name, rather than Minneapolis
Minneapolis
or St. Paul. Minneapolis
Minneapolis
was the site of two Super Bowls - Super Bowl
Super Bowl
XXVI in 1992 and Super Bowl
Super Bowl
LII in 2018. It was the farthest north that a Super Bowl has ever been played. The World Series
World Series
has been played in the Twin Cities three times - 1965, 1987 and 1991 as well as three MLB All-Star Games - 1965, 1985 and 2014. All-Star games in the NHL were hosted in 1972 and 2004, the NBA in 1994 and the WNBA in 2018. The Final Four Men's NCAA basketball tournament has been hosted by Minneapolis
Minneapolis
four times - 1951, 1992, 2001 and 2019 and Women's one time - 1995. Major golf tournaments hosted in the Twin Cities include - US Open - 1916, 1930, 1970, 1991; US Women's Open
US Women's Open
- 1966, 1977, 2008; PGA Championship - 1932, 1954, 2002, 2009; Walker Cup - 1957; Solheim Cup - 2002 and the Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
- 2016. The Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
is scheduled to return in 2028. The 1998 World Figure Skating Championships was held at Target Center in Minneapolis. The Twin Cities host three nationally competing Roller Derby
Roller Derby
leagues: The Minnesota
Minnesota
RollerGirls of the Women's Flat Track Derby Association Division 1, the North Star Roller Girls
North Star Roller Girls
of WFTDA Division 2, and Minnesota
Minnesota
Men's Roller Derby, a league of the Men's Roller Derby Association. MNRG and NSRG possess four home teams each: the Dagger Dolls, Garda Belts, Rockits, and Atomic Bombshells of MNRG and the Banger Sisters, Delta Delta Di, Kilmore Girls and Violent Femmes of NSRG, as well as two traveling teams each. MMRD possesses three home teams: The Gentlemen's Club, Destruction Workers, and Thunderjacks, and two traveling teams. The annual Twin Cities Marathon
Twin Cities Marathon
is held in the fall with a course running through Minneapolis
Minneapolis
and St. Paul. Minneapolis
Minneapolis
was the birthplace of Rollerblade
Rollerblade
and is a center for inline skating, as well as home to the most golfers per capita of any city in the U.S.[26] Additionally, water skiing got its start on Lake
Lake
Pepin,[27] a short distance southeast of the metropolitan area. Some other sports teams gained their names from being in Minnesota before relocating. The Los Angeles Lakers
Los Angeles Lakers
get their name from once being based in Minneapolis, the City
City
of Lakes. The Dallas Stars
Dallas Stars
also derived their present name from their tenure as a Minnesota
Minnesota
team, the Minnesota
Minnesota
North Stars. Politics[edit] See also: Politics of Minnesota The 2008 Republican National Convention
2008 Republican National Convention
was held at the Xcel Energy Center in St. Paul. Minneapolis
Minneapolis
and St. Paul
St. Paul
submitted combined bids to host the 2008 Democratic National Convention
2008 Democratic National Convention
and the Republican National Convention. Minneapolis
Minneapolis
was host to the 1892 Republican National Convention. Economy[edit] See also: Economy of Minnesota
Minnesota
and List of companies based in Minneapolis–Saint Paul The Minneapolis–Saint Paul
Minneapolis–Saint Paul
area is home to 16 of Minnesota's 17 Fortune 500
Fortune 500
headquarters - UnitedHealth Group, Target, Best Buy, CHS, 3M, US Bancorp, Supervalu, General Mills, Land O'Lakes, Ecolab, CH Robinson Worldwide, Ameriprise Financial, Xcel Energy, Thrivent Financial, Mosaic, and Patterson. A number of private companies are also headquartered in the Twin Cities area, including Cargill, the country's largest private company, Carlson, Mortenson, Holiday Stationstores, and Andersen. Foreign companies with U.S. headquarters in the Twin Cities include Aimia, Allianz, Canadian Pacific, Coloplast, Medtronic, Pearson VUE, Pentair
Pentair
and RBC. The Twin Cities's economy is the 13th largest in the U.S.[28] and ranks second in the Midwest. The Minneapolis- St. Paul
St. Paul
area also ranks as the second largest medical device manufacture center in North America[29] and the fourth-biggest U.S. banking center, based on total assets of banks headquartered in the metro area, ranking behind the New York, San Francisco, and Charlotte, N.C. metropolitan areas.[30] History[edit] See also: History of Minnesota
Minnesota
and History of Wisconsin

St. Croix River, Stillwater

The first European settlement in the region was near what is now known as the town of Stillwater, Minnesota. The city is approximately 20 miles (30 km) from downtown Saint Paul and lies on the western bank of the St. Croix River, which forms the border of central Minnesota
Minnesota
and Wisconsin. Another settlement that began fueling early interest in the area was the outpost at Fort Snelling, which was constructed from 1820 to 1825 at the confluence of the Minnesota
Minnesota
River and the Mississippi River. Fort Snelling held jurisdiction over the land south of Saint Anthony Falls, thus a town known as Saint Anthony grew just north of the river. For several years, the only European resident to live on the south bank of the river was Colonel John H. Stevens, who operated a ferry service across the river. As soon as the land area controlled by Fort Snelling was reduced, new settlers began flocking across to the new village of Minneapolis. The town grew quickly, and Minneapolis
Minneapolis
and Saint Anthony eventually merged. On the eastern side of the Mississippi, a few villages such as Pig's Eye and Lambert's Landing developed and would soon grow to become Saint Paul.

St. Paul, showing barges on the Mississippi River, the Capitol dome, and St. Paul
St. Paul
in the background. In the lower right is a typical nineteenth century home.

Natural geography played a role in the settlement and development of the two cities. The Mississippi River
Mississippi River
Valley in this area is defined by a series of stone bluffs that line both sides of the river. Saint Paul grew up around Lambert's Landing, the last place to unload boats coming upriver at an easily accessible point, some seven miles (11 km) downstream from Saint Anthony Falls, the geographic feature that, due to the value of its immense water power for industry, defined the location of Minneapolis
Minneapolis
and its prominence as the Mill City. The falls can be seen today from the Mill City
City
Museum, housed in the former Washburn "A" Mill, which was among the world's largest mills in its time. The oldest farms in the state are located in Washington County, the eastern most county on the Minnesota
Minnesota
side of the metropolitan area. Joseph Haskell was Minnesota's first farmer, harvesting the first crops in the state in 1840 on what is now part of Afton Township on Trading Post Trail.[31]

Lock and Dam No. 1, Mississippi River
Mississippi River
just upstream of the Minnesota River

The Grand Excursion, a trip into the Upper Midwest
Midwest
sponsored by the Rock Island Railroad, brought more than a thousand curious travelers into the area by rail and steamboat in 1854. The next year, in 1855, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
published The Song of Hiawatha, an epic poem based on the Ojibwe
Ojibwe
legends of Hiawatha. A number of natural area landmarks were included in the story, such as Lake
Lake
Minnetonka and Minnehaha Falls. Tourists inspired by the coverage of the Grand Excursion in eastern newspapers and those who read Longfellow's story flocked to the area in the following decades. At one time, the region also had numerous passenger rail services, including both interurban streetcar systems and interstate rail. Due to the width of the river at points further south, the Minneapolis–Saint Paul
Minneapolis–Saint Paul
area was briefly one of the few places where the Mississippi could be crossed by railroad. A great amount of commercial rail traffic also ran through the area, often carrying grain to be processed at mills in Minneapolis
Minneapolis
or delivering other goods to Saint Paul to be transported along the Mississippi. Saint Paul had long been at the head of navigation on the river, prior to a new lock and dam facility being added upriver in Minneapolis. Passenger travel hit its peak in 1888 with nearly eight million traversing to and from the Saint Paul Union Depot. This amounted to approximately 150 trains daily. Before long, other rail crossings were built farther south and travel through the region began to decline. In an effort by the rail companies to combat the rise of the automobile, some of the earliest streamliners ran from Chicago
Chicago
to Minneapolis/Saint Paul and eventually served distant points in the Pacific Northwest. Today, the only vestige of this interstate service comes by Amtrak's Empire Builder
Empire Builder
train, running once daily in each direction. It is the railroad's busiest long-distance train and is named after James J. Hill, a railroad tycoon who settled on Summit Avenue in Saint Paul at what is now known as the James J. Hill
James J. Hill
House. Like many Northern cities that grew up with the Industrial Revolution, Minneapolis
Minneapolis
and St. Paul
St. Paul
experienced shifts in their economic base as heavy industry declined, especially in the 1960s and 1970s. Along with the economic decline of the 60s and 70s came population decline in the central city areas, white flight to suburbs,[32] and, in the summer of 1967, race riots on Minneapolis's North Side.[33] By the 1980s and 1990s, however, Minneapolis
Minneapolis
and St. Paul
St. Paul
were frequently cited as former Rust Belt
Rust Belt
cities that had made successful transitions to service, high-technology, finance, and information economies.[34] Geography and geology[edit] See also: Geology of Minnesota Along with much of Minnesota, the Twin Cities area was shaped by water and ice over the course of millions of years. The land of the area sits on top of thick layers of sandstone and limestone laid down as seas encroached upon and receded from the region. Erosion caused natural caves to develop, which were expanded into mines when white settlers came to the area. In the time of Prohibition, at least one speakeasy was built into these hidden spaces—eventually refurbished as the Wabasha Street Caves
Wabasha Street Caves
in Saint Paul. Lakes across the area were formed and altered by the movement of glaciers. This left many bodies of water in the region, and unusual shapes may appear. For example, Lake
Lake
Minnetonka out toward the western side of the Twin Cities consists of a complex arrangement of channels and large bays. Elevations in the metropolitan area range from 1,376 feet (419 m) above sea level in the northwest metro to 666 feet (203 m) at the edge of the Mississippi River
Mississippi River
in the southeast.

Bald eagle
Bald eagle
in Burnsville

Because it is comparatively easy to dig through limestone and there are many natural and man-made open spaces, it has often been proposed that the area should examine the idea of building subways for public transportation. In theory, it could be less expensive in the Twin Cities than in many other places, but the cost would still be much greater than surface projects. Climate[edit] Main article: Climate of the Twin Cities

August swimming at Quarry Park
Park
and Nature Preserve, Waite Park
Park
near St. Cloud

Owing to its northerly latitude and inland location, the Twin Cities experience the coldest climate of any major metropolitan area in the United States.[35] However, due to its southern location in the state and aided further by the urban heat island, the Twin Cities is one of the warmest locations in Minnesota.[36] The average annual temperature at the Minneapolis– St. Paul
St. Paul
International Airport
Airport
is 45.4 °F (7.4 °C); 3.5 °F (1.9 °C) colder than Winona, Minnesota, and 8.8 °F (4.9 °C) warmer than Roseau, Minnesota.[37] Monthly average daily high temperatures range from 21.9 °F (−5.6 °C) in January to 83.3 °F (28.5 °C) in July; the average daily minimum temperatures for the two months are 4.3 °F (−15.4 °C) and 63.0 °F (17.2 °C) respectively.[38]

Viewing the Saint Paul Winter Carnival
Saint Paul Winter Carnival
parade in January.

Minimum temperatures of 0 °F (−18 °C) or lower are seen on an average of 29.7 days per year, and 76.2 days do not have a maximum temperature exceeding the freezing point. Temperatures above 90 °F (32 °C) occur an average of 15 times per year. High temperatures above 100 °F (38 °C) have been common in recent years; the last occurring on July 6, 2012. The lowest temperature ever reported at the Minneapolis– St. Paul
St. Paul
International Airport
Airport
was −34 °F (−37 °C) on January 22, 1936; the highest, 108 °F (42 °C), was reported on July 14 of the same year.[39] Early settlement records at Fort Snelling show temperatures as low as −42 °F (−41 °C). Recent records include −40 °F (−40 °C) at Vadnais Lake
Lake
on February 2, 1996 (National Climatic Data Center) Precipitation averages 29.41 inches (74.7 cm) per year, and is most plentiful in June (4.34 inches (11.0 cm)) and February (0.79 inches (2.0 cm)) the least so. The greatest one-day rainfall amount was 9.15 inches (23.2 cm), reported on July 23, 1987. The city's record for lowest annual precipitation was set in 1910, when 11.54 inches (29.3 cm) fell throughout the year; coincidentally, the opposite record was set the following year, which observed a total 40.15 inches (1,020 mm).[40] At an average of 56.3 inches (1,430 mm) per year, snowfall is generally abundant (though some recent years have proved an exception).[41] The Twin Cities area takes the brunt of many types of extreme weather, including high-speed straight-line winds, tornadoes, flash floods, drought, heat, bitter cold, and blizzards. The costliest weather disaster in Twin Cities history was a derecho event on May 15, 1998. Hail
Hail
and Wind
Wind
damage exceeded $950 million, much of it in the Twin Cities.[42] Other memorable Twin Cities weather-related events include the tornado outbreak on May 6, 1965, the Armistice Day Blizzard on November 11, 1940, and the Halloween Blizzard
Halloween Blizzard
of 1991. In 2014, Minnesota
Minnesota
experienced temperatures below those in areas of Mars when a polar vortex dropped temperatures as low as −40 °F (−40 °C) in Brimson and Babbitt with a windchill as low as −63 °F (−53 °C) in Grand Marais.[43] A normal growing season in the metro extends from late April or early May through the month of October.[44] The USDA places the area in the 4a plant hardiness zone.[45] Buildings and structures[edit]

The tallest buildings in Minneapolis
Minneapolis
are, left to right, the IDS Center, Capella Tower
Capella Tower
and the Wells Fargo Center.

The four tallest buildings in the area are located in downtown Minneapolis. The first skyscraper built west of the Mississippi in 1929 was the Foshay Tower. Today there is some contention over exactly which building is the tallest—most Minnesotans would immediately think of the IDS Center
IDS Center
if queried on the point, although most sources seem to agree that Capella Tower
Capella Tower
is slightly taller. But in early 2005, it was found that the IDS Center
IDS Center
is taller by a 16-foot (5 m) washroom garage on top, which brings its total height to 792 feet (241 m). Capella Tower
Capella Tower
and the Wells Fargo Center only differ in height by a foot or two, a rather negligible amount. Buildings have gone up and been torn down rapidly across the region. Some city blocks have been demolished six or seven times since the mid-19th century, and will undoubtedly reach an eighth or ninth cycle in short order.[46] No single architectural style dominates the region. Instead, the cities have a mish-mash of different designs, although structures from a few eras stand out. There were once a great many stone buildings constructed in the Richardsonian Romanesque
Richardsonian Romanesque
style (or at least Romanesque-inspired variants). Minneapolis
Minneapolis
City
City
Hall is one prominent example of this, though buildings of all types—including personal residences such as the James J. Hill House—were similarly designed.[47] A few decades later, Art Deco brought several structures that survive today, including St. Paul
St. Paul
City Hall, the Foshay Tower, and the Minneapolis
Minneapolis
Post Office. The style of buildings in the two cities varies greatly. In Minneapolis, the trend has been buildings with sleek lines and modern glass facades while St. Paul tends to follow a more traditional style of buildings so as to better accompany its older structures.

The Mendota Bridge
Mendota Bridge
over the Minnesota
Minnesota
River between Fort Snelling and Mendota

St. Paul
St. Paul
and Minneapolis
Minneapolis
in particular went through some massive urban renewal projects in the post- World War II
World War II
era, so a vast number of buildings are now lost to history. Some of the larger and harder to demolish structures have survived.[46] In fact, the area might be signified more by bridges than buildings. A series of reinforced concrete arch spans crossing the Mississippi River
Mississippi River
were built in the 1920s and 1930s. They still carry daily traffic, but remain pleasing to the eye despite their age (a number have undergone major repair work, but retain the original design). Several of the bridges are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. They include the 10th Avenue Bridge, Intercity Bridge
Bridge
(Ford Parkway), Robert Street Bridge, and the longest, the 4119 ft (1255 m) Mendota Bridge
Mendota Bridge
next to Fort Snelling. The area is also noted for having the first known permanent crossing of the Mississippi. That structure is long gone, but a series of Hennepin Avenue
Hennepin Avenue
Bridges have been built since then at the site. Both downtowns have extensive networks of enclosed pedestrian bridges known as skyways.

Guthrie Theater
Guthrie Theater
on the Mississippi River
Mississippi River
in Minneapolis

Several prominent buildings in Minneapolis
Minneapolis
have helped modernize the city. These include the Walker Art Center, Central Public Library, Weisman Art Museum
Weisman Art Museum
and the Guthrie Theater. Opened in April 2005, the new Walker Art Center, nearly double in size, includes increased indoor and outdoor facilities. The Walker is recognized internationally as a singular model of a multidisciplinary arts organization and as a national leader for its innovative approaches to audience engagement. The Guthrie received a large amount of media coverage for its opening in June, 2006. The design is the work of architect Jean Nouvel and is a 285,000 square foot (26,500 m²) facility that houses three theaters: (1) the theater's signature thrust stage, seating 1,100, (2) a 700-seat proscenium stage, and (3) a black-box studio with flexible seating. In 2002 the National Trust for Historic Preservation put the old Guthrie building on its list of the most endangered historic properties in the United States
United States
in response to plans announced by the Walker Art Center
Walker Art Center
to expand on the land occupied by the theater. However, the original Guthrie building was torn down in 2006. These building projects have rejuvenated the downtown area. Colleges and universities[edit]

Adler Graduate School - Richfield Anoka-Ramsey Community College
College
- Coon Rapids Anoka Technical College
College
- Anoka Augsburg University
Augsburg University
- Minneapolis Bethel University - Arden Hills Capella University - Minneapolis Century College
College
- White Bear Lake Concordia University - St. Paul Crown College
College
- St. Bonifacius Dakota County Technical College
College
- Rosemount Dunwoody College
College
of Technology - Minneapolis Hamline University
Hamline University
- St. Paul Hennepin Technical College
College
- Eden Prairie and Brooklyn Park Inver Hills Community College
College
- Inver Grove Heights Luther Seminary
Luther Seminary
- St. Paul Macalester College
College
- St. Paul Metropolitan State University
Metropolitan State University
- St. Paul
St. Paul
and Minneapolis Minneapolis
Minneapolis
College
College
of Art and Design - Minneapolis Minneapolis
Minneapolis
Community and Technical College
College
- Minneapolis Minnesota
Minnesota
State University - Edina Mitchell Hamline School Of Law - St. Paul Normandale Community College
College
- Bloomington North Central University
North Central University
- Minneapolis North Hennepin Community College
College
- Brooklyn Park Northwestern Health Sciences University - Bloomington Rasmussen College
College
- Bloomington, Blaine, Brooklyn Park, Eagan and Lake Elmo St. Catherine University
St. Catherine University
- St. Paul
St. Paul
and Minneapolis St. Cloud State University
St. Cloud State University
- St. Cloud and Maple Grove St. Mary's University of Minnesota
Minnesota
- Minneapolis Saint Paul College
College
- St. Paul United Theological Seminary - New Brighton University of Minnesota
Minnesota
- Minneapolis
Minneapolis
and St. Paul
St. Paul
(Falcon Heights) University of Northwestern - Saint Paul - Roseville University of St. Thomas - St. Paul
St. Paul
and Minneapolis Walden University
Walden University
- Minneapolis

Transportation[edit] See also: Transportation in Minnesota Roads and highways[edit]

Walker Art Center
Walker Art Center
on Hennepin Avenue
Hennepin Avenue
in Minneapolis

In the 20th century, the Twin Cities area expanded outward significantly. Automobiles made it possible for suburbs to grow greatly. The area now has a number of freeways to transport people by car. The area incorporates a large number of traffic cameras and ramp meters to monitor and manage traffic congestion. There is some use of HOV (high-occupancy vehicle) express lanes, which is becoming much more common. In order to use an express lane, you need to own a MNPASS or have multiple people in the car. MNPASS rates are determined by the amount of traffic on the road and/or the time of day. During non-peak times, the MNPASS express lanes are open to all traffic. Interstate 94
Interstate 94
comes into the area from the east and heads northwest from Minneapolis. Two spur routes form the I-494/I-694 loop, and I-394 continues west when I-94 turns north. Additionally, Interstate 35 splits in Burnsville in the southern part of the Twin Cities region, bringing I-35E into St. Paul
St. Paul
and I-35W into Minneapolis. They join together again to the north in Columbus, (just south of Forest
Forest
Lake) and continue to the highway's terminus in Duluth. This is one of only two examples of an Interstate highway splitting off into branches and then rejoining into one again; the other split occurs in Dallas-Fort Worth, where I-35 splits into I-35E for motorists going to Dallas and I-35W for traffic heading into Fort Worth. On Wednesday, August 1, 2007, a large portion of the I-35W Mississippi River bridge near University Avenue in the city of Minneapolis collapsed into the Mississippi River
Mississippi River
around 6:05pm CDT.[48][49] A replacement bridge opened on Thursday, September 18, 2008. Interstates[edit]

Interstate 35 Interstate 35E Interstate 35W Interstate 94 Interstate 394 Interstate 494 Interstate 694

U.S. Route freeways[edit]

US 10 US 12 US 52 (Lafayette Freeway) US 61 (Blues Highway) US 169 (Johnson Memorial Highway) US 212 ( Minnesota
Minnesota
Veterans Memorial Highway)[citation needed]

Major State Highways[edit]

MN 36 MN 55 (Olson Memorial Highway) MN 62 (Crosstown Highway) MN 77 MN 100 MN 610

Air travel[edit] The main airport in the region is Minneapolis– St. Paul
St. Paul
International Airport
Airport
(MSP), which is a major hub for Delta Air Lines. The airport is also the main hub and operating base for Sun Country Airlines. A number of other smaller airports are also in the area, a number of which are owned and operated by the Metropolitan Airports Commission (the same agency operates the main MSP airport). Some people even commute by air to the Twin Cities from the northern part of the state. Public transit[edit]

Metro Transit storefront, Minneapolis

Metro Transit, by far the biggest bus service provider in the area, owes its existence to the old streetcar lines that ran in the area. Metro Transit provides about 95% of the public transit rides in the region with nearly 900 buses, although some suburbs have other bus services. The University of Minnesota, Twin Cities operates a free bus system between its campuses. This system includes the Campus Connector Bus Rapid Transit
Bus Rapid Transit
line which travels between the Minneapolis
Minneapolis
and St. Paul Campuses by a dedicated bus line, and throughout the two campuses on normal access roads. The METRO Blue Line LRT (light rail) began operations in June 2004, connecting downtown Minneapolis, Minneapolis- St. Paul
St. Paul
International Airport
Airport
and the Mall of America
Mall of America
in Bloomington. It was followed by the METRO Red Line BRT (bus rapid transitway) in 2013 connecting the Mall of America
Mall of America
with Lakeville along Cedar Avenue
Cedar Avenue
through the southern suburbs. The METRO Green Line LRT connecting downtown Minneapolis, the University of Minnesota campus and downtown St. Paul
St. Paul
along University Avenue opened in June 2014.[50] All three lines are operated by Metro Transit. Additionally, the Northstar Line
Northstar Line
commuter rail line connecting Minneapolis
Minneapolis
with Big Lake
Lake
opened in November 2009; the line may be extended to St. Cloud as ridership numbers warrant. In many ways the light rail of today is a return to the streetcars that existed in the past, it is being used as a stepping-stone to other projects.

Bicycle rack on the METRO Blue Line LRT

A variety of rail services are currently being pondered by state and local governments, including neighborhood streetcar systems, intercity light rail service, and commuter rail options out to exurban regions. In addition, Minnesota
Minnesota
is one of several states in the Midwest examining the idea of setting up high-speed rail service using Chicago as a regional hub.[51] The Minneapolis– St. Paul
St. Paul
area has been criticized for inadequate public transportation.[52] Compared to many other cities its size, the public transportation system in the Minneapolis– St. Paul
St. Paul
area is less robust. As the metropolitan area has grown, the roads and highways have been updated and widened, but traffic volume is growing faster than the projects needed to widen them, and public transportation has not expanded enough to commensurate with the population. The Minneapolis– St. Paul
St. Paul
metropolitan area is ranked as the fifth worst for congestion growth of similar-sized U.S. metropolitan areas.[52][dead link] Additional lines and spurs are needed to upgrade public transportation in the Twin Cities.[53] Plans are underway for Green Line extension connecting downtown Minneapolis to the southwest suburb of Eden Prairie. A northwest LRT (Blue Line extension) along Bottineau Boulevard
Bottineau Boulevard
is being planned from downtown Minneapolis
Minneapolis
to Brooklyn Park. The METRO Orange Line BRT will open in 2019, connecting downtown Minneapolis
Minneapolis
with Lakeville to the south along I-35W. The METRO Gold Line BRT is planned to connect downtown St. Paul
St. Paul
to the eastern suburbs within the next few years. Media[edit] Main article: Media in Minneapolis–St. Paul Print[edit] The Twin Cities have two major daily newspapers: the Star Tribune
Star Tribune
and the Saint Paul Pioneer Press. Additionally, the Minnesota
Minnesota
Daily serves the University of Minnesota's Twin Cities campus and surrounding neighborhoods. There is one general-interest neighborhood weekly newspaper still in the cities: The East Side Review, devoted to the 90,000 residents in the eastern third of St. Paul. Other weekly papers are devoted to specific audiences/demographics including City
City
Pages. Television[edit]

KARE
KARE
television broadcast, Minnesota
Minnesota
State Fair

The region is currently ranked as the 15th largest television market according to Nielson Media Research. Three duopolies exist in the Twin Cities: Twin Cities PBS
Twin Cities PBS
operates both KTCA and KTCI, Hubbard Broadcasting (built by Stanley E. Hubbard) owns both ABC affiliate KSTP-TV
KSTP-TV
and independent station KSTC-TV, and Fox Television
Television
Stations operates both Fox owned-and-operated station KMSP-TV
KMSP-TV
and MyNetworkTV O&O WFTC. Diversified from radio, KSTP-TV
KSTP-TV
became the first television channel to air in the region with a show reaching 3,000 television sets in 1948, and the 17th station to broadcast in the U.S.[54]

WCCO-TV
WCCO-TV
building Minneapolis

The only station with its main studios in Minneapolis
Minneapolis
is CBS
CBS
O&O WCCO, while St. Paul
St. Paul
is host to KSTP/KSTC, KTCA/KTCI, and CW affiliate WUCW. NBC
NBC
affiliate KARE
KARE
has a sprawling broadcasting complex in west suburban Golden Valley. KMSP is located in southwest suburban Eden Prairie. Other stations are located in the suburbs. For much of the last two decades, WCCO and KARE
KARE
have shared in having the most popular evening newscasts of the area channels. On the other end, KSTP has struggled to maintain ratings on its news programs. KMSP has had a 9 o'clock newscast since at least the early 1990s when it was an independent channel. Communities in the region have their own Public, educational, and government access (PEG) cable television channels. One channel, the Metro Cable Network, is available on channel 6 on cable systems across the seven-county region. Several television programs originating in the Twin Cities have been aired nationally on terrestrial and cable TV networks. KTCA created the science program Newton's Apple
Newton's Apple
and distributes a children's program today. A few unusual comedic shows also originated in the area. In the 1980s, KTMA (predecessor to WUCW) created a number of low-budget shows, including cult classic Mystery Science Theater 3000. The short-lived Let's Bowl started on KARE, and PBS series Mental Engineering originated on the St. Paul
St. Paul
cable access network. Radio[edit]

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The radio market in the Twin Cities is considered to be somewhat smaller than for TV, ranked 16th. For decades, WCCO radio was the most well-known and most popular broadcaster in the region, with an all-day talk format. WCCO was eventually pushed out of the top spot by KQRS-FM, a classic rock station with a popular morning show.

Minnesota
Minnesota
Public Radio
Radio
in St. Paul

KSTP also has some fairly popular radio stations, with pop music format on FM and ESPN Radio
Radio
on AM. KSTP-AM and FM are owned by Hubbard Broadcasting. In 1985, Hubbard – valued at $400 million – was one of the larger corporate media companies in the United States; in 2005, valued at US $1.2 billion, Hubbard is a fairly small major-market media operation. The Twin Cities have a peculiar mix of commercial and non-commercial radio. The city's market is dominated by iHeart Radio
Radio
which operates seven stations, but two small independent stations are award winners— KUOM
KUOM
operated by the University of Minnesota
Minnesota
and KFAI
KFAI
public access radio in Cedar Riverside.[55] Minnesota
Minnesota
Public Radio
Radio
(MPR) is also a major player in the state and across the country, best known across the U.S. for the variety show A Prairie Home Companion. Doing business under the name American Public Media, the company is the second largest producer of National Public Radio
Radio
content, behind National Public Radio
Radio
(of which MPR is an affiliate). The Current is an affiliate of MPR, as well, and it is member supported. The station gives the audience a taste of the local music scene and it is widely popular among indie listeners. Independent media[edit] The Twin Cities is also home to many independent media organizations, including The UpTake, MinnPost
MinnPost
and Twin Cities Daily Planet. Honors[edit] The United States
United States
Navy currently has one ship named for the region, USS Minneapolis–Saint Paul, a Los Angeles-class submarine launched in 1983. Previously, two sets of two ships each had carried the names USS  Minneapolis
Minneapolis
and USS Saint Paul. References[edit]

^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.  ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States
United States
Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved October 15, 2014.  ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 15, 2014.  ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 15, 2014.  ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States
United States
Census Bureau. Retrieved October 15, 2014.  ^ a b Cite error: The named reference QF was invoked but never defined (see the help page). ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.  ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States
United States
Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved October 15, 2014.  ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 15, 2014.  ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 15, 2014.  ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States
United States
Census Bureau. Retrieved October 15, 2014.  ^ Xiong, Yia. Minnesota
Minnesota
cities.  ^ St. Paul
St. Paul
travel guide ^ "Update of Statistical Area Definitions and Guidance on Their Uses" (pdf). Office of Management and Budget. November 20, 2008. Retrieved March 8, 2015.  ^ "Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Combined Statistical Areas, and Guidance on Uses of the Delineations of These Areas" (pdf). Office of Management and Budget. February 28, 2013. Retrieved March 8, 2015.  ^ "Table 2. Annual Estimates of the Population of Combined Statistical Areas: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". 2012 Population Estimates. United States
United States
Census Bureau, Population Division. March 2013. Archived from the original (CSV) on May 17, 2013. Retrieved April 19, 2013.  ^ a b Mary Lethert Wingerd (February 2007). "Separated at Birth: The Sibling Rivalry of Minneapolis
Minneapolis
and St. Paul". OAH Newsletter. Organization of American Historians. Archived from the original on September 4, 2013.  ^ New York Times (June 21, 1890). "CENSUS-BRED BITTERNESS; ST. PAUL AND MINNEAPOLIS HAVE LOCKED HORNS". New York Times.  ^ New York Times (June 22, 1890). "THEY WANT HAY'S SCALP.; ST. PAUL RESIDENTS ARE GOING TO DESCEND UPON WASHINGTON". New York Times.  ^ New York Times (July 23, 1890). "FIGHTING OVER THE CENSUS.; ST. PAUL JEALOUS OF MINNEAPOLIS AND CHARGES FRAUD". New York Times.  ^ "How to fringe". Fresh Art Delivered Daily. Minnesota
Minnesota
Fringe Festival. 2006. Archived from the original on 2006-11-14. Retrieved 2006-11-22.  ^ "Actively Moving America to Better Health" (PDF). American College of Sports Medicine. 2011. Retrieved May 23, 2011.  ^ "Health and Community Fitness Status of the 50 Largest Metropolitan Areas" (PDF). American College
College
of Sports Medicine
Medicine
(ACSM) American Fitness Index. 2012. Retrieved June 29, 2012.  ^ Welcome to Paganistan ^ Wiccan prisoner sues state, claiming religious rights violated[dead link] ^ http://www.50states.com/facts/minn.htm ^ http://waterskihalloffame.com/waterskihistory.html ^ "Gross Domestic Product by Metropolitan Area, 2015". Retrieved 7 July 2016.  ^ "Analysis by Crossborder Group Finds Tijuana #1 City
City
in North America for Medical Device Manufacturing Employment". Tijuana Economic Development Corporation. Retrieved August 14, 2011.  ^ “Goodbye bragging rights: Charlotte’s no longer the No. 2 U.S. banking center”; May 23, 2017 article; Charlotte Observer; retrieved July 6, 2017. ^ "Afton Remembered," Edwin Robb, 1996 ^ Chap. 1 "It Couldn't Happen Here..." Myron Orfield, Metropolitics (Washington DC, Brookings Institution: 1997) ^ [1] Archived January 9, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. ^ National Geographic, November 1980 ^ " Minneapolis
Minneapolis
Minnesota". TrekkerTime.com. Retrieved 2007-05-07.  ^ "History of the NWS in the Twin Cities". National Weather Service. November 9, 2005. Retrieved 2007-05-07.  ^ Seeley, Mark W. (2006). Minnesota
Minnesota
Weather Almanac. Minnesota Historical Society press. ISBN 0-87351-554-4.  ^ "Climatography of MSP". National Climatic Data Center. 1971–2000.  ^ "Temperature Summary – 215435 MINNEAPOLIS WSFO AP, MN". Archived from the original on 2014-05-22.  ^ "Precipitation Summary – 215435 MINNEAPOLIS WSFO AP, MN". Archived from the original on 2014-05-19.  ^ " Snowfall
Snowfall
Summary – 215435 MINNEAPOLIS WSFO AP, MN". Archived from the original on 2014-04-19.  ^ Scott, Woelm (June 30, 2006). "Top 10 Minnesota
Minnesota
Severe Weather Events 1990–1999". Metro Skywarn. Archived from the original on March 28, 2007. Retrieved 2007-05-07.  ^ Deep freeze descends on Minnesota
Minnesota
Minnesota
Minnesota
Public Radio
Radio
News ^ "Growing Season Summary – 215435 MINNEAPOLIS WSFO AP, MN". Archived from the original on 2013-07-09.  ^ "USNA – USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map:North- Midwest
Midwest
US".  ^ a b Millett, Larry (1992). Lost Twin Cities. St. Paul, Minnesota: Minnesota
Minnesota
Historical Society.  ^ Larson, Paul Clifford; Martin, Judith (1988). Larson, Paul Clifford, ed. The Spirit of H.H. Richardson on the Midland Prairies. Ames, Iowa: Iowa State University Press.  ^ "35W bridge collapses over Mississippi River, cars in the water". St. Paul
St. Paul
Pioneer Press. 2007-08-01. Retrieved 2007-08-01.  ^ "35W bridge over Mississippi collapsed". 5 EYEWITNESS NEWS. 2007-08-01. Retrieved 2007-08-01.  ^ " Metropolitan Council
Metropolitan Council
- Central Corridor transit FAQ". Archived from the original on 12 June 2011. Retrieved 3 July 2011.  ^ Midwest
Midwest
Regional Rail Initiative. Retrieved June 24, 2008. ^ a b Metropolitan Council
Metropolitan Council
Release on Traffic Congestion. Retrieved October 16, 2006. Archived February 21, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. ^ " Metropolitan Council
Metropolitan Council
- Central Corridor transit FAQ". Archived from the original on June 12, 2011. Retrieved 3 July 2011.  ^ Minneapolis
Minneapolis
Public Library (2001). "A History of Minneapolis: Radio and Television". Archived from the original on 2007-04-19. Retrieved 2007-05-10.  ^ iBiquity Digital Corporation (2007). "HD Radio
Radio
– Minnesota". Archived from the original on September 27, 2007.  and "Independent Public Radio". 2006. Archived from the original on 2007-06-29. Retrieved 2007-05-10. 

External links[edit]

Minnesota
Minnesota
portal

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Minneapolis-Saint Paul.

Flyby video courtesy NASA/Goddard Scientific Visualization Studio Fact sheet about Minneapolis- St. Paul
St. Paul
Metropolitan Area Comparison History of the National Weather Service
National Weather Service
in Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota GIS-based Demographic Guide to Twin Cities Region Lost Twin Cities - Documentary produced by Twin Cities Public Television

v t e

Cities in the Minneapolis–St. Paul–Bloomington, MN–WI metropolitan statistical area

Minnesota

Afton Albertville Andover Annandale Anoka Apple Valley Arden Hills Becker Belle Plaine Bethel Big Lake Blaine Bloomington Braham Brooklyn Center Brooklyn Park Buffalo Burnsville Cambridge Carver Center City Centerville Champlin Chanhassen Chaska Chisago City Circle Pines Clear Lake Clearwater Coates Cokato Cologne Columbia Heights Columbus Coon Rapids Corcoran Crystal Dayton Deephaven Delano Eagan East Bethel Eden Prairie Edina Elk River Elko New Market Excelsior Falcon Heights Farmington Fridley Gem Lake Golden Valley Greenfield Greenwood Ham Lake Hamburg Hampton Hanover Hanover Harris Hastings Hilltop Hopkins Howard Lake Maple Lake Independence Inver Grove Heights Isanti Jordan Lakeville Lauderdale Lexington Lilydale Lindstrom Lino Lakes Little Canada Long Lake Loretto Maple Grove Maple Plain Maplewood Mayer Medicine
Medicine
Lake Medina Mendota Mendota Heights Miesville Minneapolis Minnetonka Beach Minnetonka Minnetrista Monticello Montrose Mound Mounds View New Brighton North Oaks New Germany New Hope New Prague New Trier North Branch North St. Paul Northfield Norwood Young America Oakdale Oak Grove Oak Park
Park
Heights Orono Osseo Otsego Plymouth Princeton Prior Lake Ramsey Randolph Richfield Robbinsdale Rockford Rogers Rosemount Roseville Rush City St. Anthony Village Savage Shafer Shakopee Shoreview Shorewood South Haven South St. Paul Spring Lake
Lake
Park Spring Park St. Anthony St. Bonifacius St. Cloud St. Francis St. Louis Park St. Michael St. Paul Stacy Stillwater Sunfish Lake Taylors Falls Tonka Bay Vadnais Heights Vermillion Victoria Waconia Watertown Waverly Wayzata West St. Paul White Bear Lake Woodland Woodbury Wyoming Zimmerman

Wisconsin

Baldwin Bay City Cady Clifton Cylon Deer Park Diamond Bluff Ellsworth Elmwood Emerald Eau Galle El Paso Erin Prairie Forest Gilman Glenwood Glenwood City Hammond Hartland Hudson Isabelle Kinnickinnic Maiden Rock Martell New Richmond North Hudson Oak Grove Oak Park
Park
Heights Pleasant Valley Plum City Prescott Richmond River Falls Roberts Rock Elm Rush River Salem Somerset Spring Lake Spring Valley Springfield St. Joseph Stanton Star Prairie Trenton Trimbelle Troy Union Warren Wilson Woodville

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Areas in the Minneapolis-St. Paul-St. Cloud, MN-WI Combined Statistical Area

Metropolitan areas

Minneapolis–St. Paul–Bloomington, MN–WI St. Cloud, MN

Micropolitan areas

Faribault–Northfield, MN Hutchinson, MN Red Wing, MN

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City
City
of Minneapolis

Topics

Arts Companies Demographics Events and attractions Fire Geography

climate

Government

city council mayors

History Lakes Library

historical branches

Media Neighborhoods Notable Minneapolitans Parks Police Public schools Skyscrapers

v t e

City
City
of Saint Paul

Topics

Climate Companies Demographics Education

Public Schools

Fire Government

City
City
Council Mayors

History

Irish

Library Media Neighborhoods Parks Police Skyscrapers Winter Carnival

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Twin Cities transit

Metropolitan Council Counties Transit Improvement Board

Mass transit

Maple Grove Transit Metro (light rail stations) Metro Transit Metropolitan Council
Metropolitan Council
Regional Routes MVTA Plymouth Metrolink SW Transit U of M Campus Shuttle

Light rail

     Blue Line      Green Line Blue Line Extension (2022) Green Line Extension (2021) Robert Street Corridor (TBD)

Streetcars

Riverview Corridor
Riverview Corridor
(TBD) Minneapolis
Minneapolis
Streetcar
Streetcar
(TBD)

Bus rapid transit

     U of M Transitway      Red Line A Line      Orange Line (2019) C Line (2019) Gold Line (2024)

Commuter rail

     Northstar Line Bethel Corridor (TBD) Dan Patch Corridor (TBD) Norwood/Young America Corridor (TBD) Rush Line Corridor (TBD)

Regional/high speed rail

Empire Builder Chicago
Chicago
Hub Network Northern Lights Express Passenger rail projects in Minnesota Rochester Zip Rail

Other

Metro Transit routes Metro Transit rolling stock Go-To card Metropass U-Pass Mn/DOT Nice Ride Minnesota

Historical

Canceled projects Twin City
City
Rapid Transit

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The 100 most populous metropolitan statistical areas of the United States of America

   

New York, NY Los Angeles, CA Chicago, IL Dallas, TX Houston, TX Washington, DC Philadelphia, PA Miami, FL Atlanta, GA Boston, MA San Francisco, CA Phoenix, AZ Riverside-San Bernardino, CA Detroit, MI Seattle, WA Minneapolis, MN San Diego, CA Tampa, FL Denver, CO St. Louis, MO

Baltimore, MD Charlotte, NC San Juan, PR Orlando, FL San Antonio, TX Portland, OR Pittsburgh, PA Sacramento, CA Cincinnati, OH Las Vegas, NV Kansas City, MO Austin, TX Columbus, OH Cleveland, OH Indianapolis, IN San Jose, CA Nashville, TN Virginia Beach, VA Providence, RI Milwaukee, WI

Jacksonville, FL Memphis, TN Oklahoma City, OK Louisville, KY Richmond, VA New Orleans, LA Hartford, CT Raleigh, NC Birmingham, AL Buffalo, NY Salt Lake
Lake
City, UT Rochester, NY Grand Rapids, MI Tucson, AZ Honolulu, HI Tulsa, OK Fresno, CA Bridgeport, CT Worcester, MA Albuquerque, NM

Omaha, NE Albany, NY New Haven, CT Bakersfield, CA Knoxville, TN Greenville, SC Oxnard, CA El Paso, TX Allentown, PA Baton Rouge, LA McAllen, TX Dayton, OH Columbia, SC Greensboro, NC Sarasota, FL Little Rock, AR Stockton, CA Akron, OH Charleston, SC Colorado Springs, CO

Syracuse, NY Winston-Salem, NC Cape Coral, FL Boise, ID Wichita, KS Springfield, MA Madison, WI Lakeland, FL Ogden, UT Toledo, OH Deltona, FL Des Moines, IA Jackson, MS Augusta, GA Scranton, PA Youngstown, OH Harrisburg, PA Provo, UT Palm Bay, FL Chattanooga, TN

United States
United States
Census Bureau population estimates for July 1, 2012

Authority control

GND: 4282029-7

Coordinates: 44°57′N 93°12′W / 44.950°N 93.200°W

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