The Ministry of the Interior (Polish: Ministerstwo Spraw Wewnętrznych, MSW) was a ministry responsible for internal security, law enforcement, civil defence and registry functions in Poland. The current ministry was formed on 18 November 2011, when after the parliamentary election of 9 October 2011 there was a call to restructure the then Ministry of Interior and Administration, from which it was split. In late 2015 it was folded back to Ministry of Interior and Administration.

The last minister was Mariusz Błaszczak.

History and function

The ministry was founded in 1918. It has gone through several reforms, including partial splits and mergers, throughout its history.

The post of Minister of the Interior is one of the most important cabinet positions in Poland,[1] According to the directive of the 'President of Council of Ministers' (Prime Minister) from the 18th of November 2011, the Minister of the Interior is responsible for:

While the ministry of the Interior supervises police forces, it does not supervise criminal enquiries; criminal enquiries are conducted under the supervision of the judiciary.

The ministry's seat is located on Stefan Batory Street, south of Warsaw's city centre and in the governmental district which surrounds the Belweder. The Ministry can be referred to by its initials 'MSW'.

Ministers of the Interior (since 1989)

Political Party:   PO   PiS   SLD   UW   PZPR   SDPL

Portrait Name
Party Term of Office Prime Minister
2008.06.22. Krzysztof Kozlowski Fot Mariusz Kubik 01.JPG Krzysztof Kozłowski
Nonpartisan 6 July 1990 14 December 1990 Tadeusz Mazowiecki
No portrait-BFD-test.svg Henryk Majewski
Nonpartisan 12 January 1991 5 December 1991 Jan Krzysztof Bielecki
Antoni Macierewicz.jpg Antoni Macierewicz
Christian National Union 23 December 1991 5 June 1992 Jan Olszewski
No portrait-BFD-test.svg Andrzej Milczanowski
Nonpartisan 11 July 1992 22 December 1995 Hanna Suchocka
Waldemar Pawlak
(Pawlak II)
No portrait-BFD-test.svg Jerzy Konieczny
Nonpartisan 29 December 1995 26 January 1996 Józef Oleksy
No portrait-BFD-test.svg Zbigniew Siemiątkowski
Democratic Left Alliance 15 February 1996 4 February 1997 Włodzimierz Cimoszewicz
For ministers of the interim Ministry of Interior and Administration (1997-2011) see: Ministers of Internal Affairs and Administration
Jacek Cichocki.jpg Jacek Cichocki
Nonpartisan 18 November 2011 25 February 2013 Donald Tusk
(Tusk II)
DSC 0086 MSW Sienkiewicz.JPG Bartłomiej Sienkiewicz
Nonpartisan 25 February 2013 22 September 2014 Donald Tusk
(Tusk II)
Teresa Piotrowska.jpg Teresa Piotrowska
Civic Platform 22 September 2014 16 November 2015 Ewa Kopacz
Mariusz Błaszczak Sejm 2015 02.JPG Mariusz Błaszczak
Law and Justice 16 November 2015 Incumbent Beata Szydło

Other officeholders

Ministers of Internal Affairs of the Second Republic of Poland

Ministers of Public Security

Ministers of Internal Affairs of People's Republic of Poland

Ministers of Internal Affairs and Administration of the Third Republic of Poland


  1. ^ The MSW is the equivalent to the Interior Ministry of other countries, the Home Office of the United Kingdom, or similar to a combination of the Federal Bureau of Investigation and Homeland Security (United States).