The Info List - Mindon Min

Satkyar Daewi Full:သီရိပဝရမဟာရာဇိန္ဒာဓိပတိ ရတနာ ဒေဝီ Queen of Burma 62 queens in total

Issue 110 children including: Thibaw, Queen Supayalatt, the Queen of Burma

Full name

Maung Lwin Siri Pavara Vizara Nanda Yasapandita Mahadhammarajatiraja (သီရိ ပဝရ ဝိဇရာ နန္ဒ ယသပဏ္ဍိတ မဟာမမ္မရာဇာတိရာဇာ)

House Konbaung

Father Tharrawaddy

Mother Burmese name-, Chandra Mata Mahay, Queen of the south Royal Chamber

Religion Theravada Buddhism

This article contains Burmese script. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Burmese script.

Mindon Min
Mindon Min
(Burmese: မင်းတုန်းမင်း, pronounced [mɪ́ɴdóʊɴ mɪ́ɴ]; 8 July 1808 – 1 October 1878) was the penultimate king of Burma
(Myanmar) from 1853 to 1878.[1] He was one of the most popular and revered kings of Burma. Under his half brother King Pagan, the Second Anglo-Burmese War in 1852 ended with the annexation of Lower Burma
by the British Empire. Mindon and his younger brother Kanaung overthrew their half brother King Pagan. He spent most of his reign trying to defend the upper portion of his country from British encroachments, and to modernize his kingdom.


1 Achievements 2 Palace rebellion 3 Succession crisis 4 Issue 5 References 6 Bibliography 7 External links

Achievements[edit] King Mindon founded the last royal capital of Burma, Mandalay, in 1857. His younger brother Kanaung proved to be a great administrator and modernizer. During Mindon's reign, scholars were sent to France, Italy, the United States, and Great Britain, in order to learn about the tremendous progress achieved by the Industrial Revolution. During Mindon's reign, the following reforms were undertaken: centralization of the kingdom's internal administration, introduction of a salary system for the bureaucracy (to dampen the authority and income of bureaucrats), fixed judicial fees, comprehensive penal laws, reorganization of the financial system, removal of trade barriers including custom duties, reform of the thathameda taxes (to increase direct taxation), and modernization of the kingdom's army and introduction of new police forces.[2] A Burmese manuscript (Or 13681) held by the British Library depicts "seven scenes of King Mindon’s donations at various places during the first four years of his reign (1853-57)," including a monastery, rest houses, and gifts for monks.[3] Mindon introduced the first machine-struck coins to Burma, and in 1871 also held the Fifth Buddhist council
Fifth Buddhist council
in Mandalay. He had already created the world's largest book in 1868, the Tipitaka, 729 pages of the Buddhist
Pali Canon
Pali Canon
inscribed in marble and each stone slab housed in a small stupa at the Kuthodaw Pagoda
Kuthodaw Pagoda
at the foot of Mandalay
Hill. In 1871 Mindon also donated a new hti ('umbrella' or crown gilded and encrusted with precious diamonds and other gems) to the 105-metre-tall (344 ft) Shwedagon Pagoda, which is located in then British held Yangon, although he was not allowed to visit this most famous and venerated pagoda in the country. On 15 August 1873, Mindon also enacted the Seventeen Articles, one of Southeast Asia's first indigenous press freedom laws.[4] In 1875, during a royal consecration ceremony, Mindon took on the title Siripavaravijayanantayasa Pandita Tribhavanadityadhipati Mahadhammarajadhiraja.[5] With the opening of the Suez Canal, Mindon assembled a flotilla of steamers to facilitate trade with the British. His brother Kanaung is still remembered by the Burmese as an avid modernizer, who would go to the factories early on cold winter mornings with a blanket wrapped around, just to talk to the mechanics about how the machines ran. He was in charge of the Royal Army, as was customarily required of Burmese crown princes, and he imported and manufactured guns, cannons and shells. Palace rebellion[edit] In 1866 two of Mindon's sons, Prince Myingun and Prince Myingundaing attempted a palace coup. Myingun claimed that the Crown Prince Kanaung was oppressive, and Kanaung was murdered during the revolt. Mindon escaped alive and the coup was crushed when Myingun fled in a steamer to British Burma. Rumours of British involvement are unsubstantiated, and no evidence exists showing their support for the revolt.[6] While Mindon was escaping the palace, he ran into a would-be assassin, Maung Paik Gyi, who lost his nerve and grovelled in front of the king. Mindon commanded him to carry him from the palace, which he promptly did. [7]

Statue of King Mindon at Mandalay

Succession crisis[edit]

King Mindon's tomb in Mandalay
in 1903.

The rebellion caused Mindon great reluctance in naming a successor to Kanaung for fear of civil war. One of his queens, Hsinbyumashin, dominated the last days of King Mindon. It was an edict by Hsinbyumashin that ordered almost all possible heirs to the throne be killed, so that her daughter Supayalat and son-in-law Thibaw would become queen and king. Close royals of all ages and both genders were mercilessly executed, after being tricked that the dying king wanted to bid them farewell. Thibaw, Mindon's son from a lesser queen, succeeded him after his death in 1878. King Thibaw was defeated by the British in the Third Anglo-Burmese War in November 1885 resulting in total annexation of Burma. Issue[edit] Main article: List of children of Mindon Min Mindon Min
Mindon Min
had 45 consorts, from which he had 70 children of royal birth.[8] A number of children were also borne by maids of honour and other casual ladies.[8] An extant list in Burmese can be found at: List of Mindon Min's consorts and royal children (in Burmese) References[edit]

^ a b Christopher Buyers. "The Konbaung Dynasty
Genealogy: King Mindon". royalark.net. Retrieved 2009-10-04.  ^ Candier, Aurore (December 2011). "Conjuncture and Reform in the Late Konbaung Period". Journal of Burma
Studies. 15 (2).  ^ Depictions of King Mindon’s Donations at Various Places from 1853 to 1857. 1850s. British Library, via World Digital Library. ^ "Chronology of Burma's Laws Restricting Freedom of Opinion, Expression and the Press". The Irrawaddy. 1 May 2004. Archived from the original on 18 December 2011. Retrieved 10 February 2012.  ^ Hpo Hlaing (2004). Rajadhammasangaha (PDF). L.E. Bagshawe (translator).  ^ Pollak, Oliver (1979). Empires in Collision : Anglo-Burmese Relations in the Mid-Nineteenth Century. London: Greenwood.  ^ Thaung, Blackmore (1969). "Dilemma of the British Representative to the Burmese Court after the Outbreak of a Palace Revolution in 1866". Journal of Southeast Asian History. 10 (2): 241.  ^ a b Scott, J. George (1900). Gazetteer of Upper Burma
and the Shan States. 1 (in Burmese). 2. Burma: Superintendent, Government Printing. pp. 90–91. 


Buyers, Christopher. "The Konbaung Dynasty
Genealogy: King Mindon". royalark.net. Retrieved 2009-10-04. Candier, Aurore (December 2011). "Conjuncture and Reform in the Late Konbaung Period". Journal of Burma
Studies 15 (2). Charney, Michael W. (2006). Powerful Learning: Buddhist
Literati and the Throne in Burma's Last Dynasty, 1752–1885. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan.  Hall, D.G.E. (1960). Burma
(3rd ed.). Hutchinson University Library. ISBN 978-1406735031.  Htin Aung, Maung (1967). A History of Burma. New York and London: Cambridge University Press.  Maung Maung Tin, U (1905). Konbaung Hset Maha Yazawin (in Burmese). 1–3 (2004 ed.). Yangon: Department of Universities History Research, University of Yangon.  Myint-U, Thant (2006). The River of Lost Footsteps—Histories of Burma. Farrar, Straus and Giroux. ISBN 978-0-374-16342-6.  Phayre, Lt. Gen. Sir Arthur P. (1883). History of Burma
(1967 ed.). London: Susil Gupta. 

External links[edit] Media related to Mindon Min
Mindon Min
at Wikimedia Commons

The Largest Stone Buddha Image by Dr. Khin Maung Nyunt: [1]

Mindon Min Konbaung Dynasty Born: 8 July 1808 Died: 1 October 1878

Regnal titles

Preceded by Pagan King of Burma 18 February 1853 – 1 October 1878 Succeeded by Thibaw

Royal titles

Preceded by Prince of Mindon Succeeded by

v t e

Burmese monarchs

Pagan Dynasty 849–1297

Pyinbya Tannet Sale Theinhko Nyaung-u Sawrahan Kunhsaw Kyaunghpyu Kyiso Sokkate Anawrahta Saw Lu Kyansittha Sithu I Narathu Naratheinkha Sithu II Htilominlo Naratheinga Uzana1 Kyaswa Uzana Narathihapate Kyawswa2

Myinsaing and Pinya Kingdoms 1297–1364

Athinkhaya1, Yazathingyan1 and Thihathu1 Thihathu Uzana I Sithu1 Kyawswa I Kyawswa II Narathu Uzana II

Sagaing Kingdom 1315–1364

Saw Yun Tarabya I Anawrahta
I Kyaswa Anawrahta
II Tarabya II Minbyauk Thihapate

Kingdom of Ava 1364–1555

Thado Minbya Swa Saw Ke Tarabya Minkhaung I Thihathu Min Hla Kale Kyetaungnyo Mohnyin Thado Minye Kyawswa I Narapati I Thihathura Minkhaung II and Thihathura II Narapati II Sawlon3 and Thohanbwa3 Hkonmaing3 Narapati III3 Narapati IV3

Hanthawaddy Kingdom 1287–1539, 1550–1552

Wareru Hkun Law Saw O Saw Zein Zein Pun Saw E Binnya E Law Binnya U Maha Dewi1 Razadarit Binnya Dhammaraza Binnya Ran I Binnya Waru Binnya Kyan Leik Munhtaw Shin Sawbu Dhammazedi Binnya Ran II Takayutpi Smim Sawhtut4 Smim Htaw4

Mrauk U Kingdom 1429–1785

Saw Mon Khayi Ba Saw Phyu Dawlya Ba Saw Nyo Ran Aung Salingathu Raza Gazapati Saw O Thazata Minkhaung Min Bin Dikkha Saw Hla Sekkya Phalaung Razagyi Khamaung Thiri Thudhamma Sanay Narapati Thado Sanda Thudhamma Thiri Thuriya Wara Dhammaraza Muni Thudhammaraza Sanda Thuriya I Nawrahta Mayuppiya Kalamandat Naradipati Sanda Wimala I Sanda Thuriya II Sanda Wizaya Sanda Thuriya III Naradipati II Narapawara Sanda Wizala Madarit Nara Apaya Thirithu Sanda Parama Apaya Sanda Thumana Sanda Wimala II Sanda Thaditha Maha Thammada

Prome Kingdom 1482–1542

Thado Minsaw Bayin Htwe Narapati5 Minkhaung5

Toungoo Dynasty 1510–1752

Mingyi Nyo Tabinshwehti Bayinnaung Nanda Nyaungyan Anaukpetlun Minye Deibba Thalun Pindale Pye Narawara Minye Kyawhtin Sanay Min Taninganway Min Mahadhammaraza Dipadi

Restored Hanthawaddy Kingdom 1740–1757

Smim Htaw Buddhaketi Binnya Dala

Konbaung Dynasty 1752–1885

Alaungpaya Naungdawgyi Hsinbyushin Singu Phaungka Bodawpaya Bagyidaw Tharrawaddy Pagan Mindon Thibaw

1Regent or Co-Regent 2Mongol vassal (1297) 3 Confederation of Shan States
Confederation of Shan States
(1527–55) 4Brief revival (1550–52) 5Vassal of Confederation of Shan States