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Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
(/tʃɪˈmiːnoʊ/ chi-MEE-noh;[1] February 3, 1939 – July 2, 2016) was an American film director, screenwriter, producer, and author. Born in New York City, he graduated from Yale
Yale
University in 1963 and began his career filming commercials. He moved to Los Angeles to take up screenwriting in 1971. After co-writing the script of Magnum Force and Silent Running
Silent Running
he wrote the preliminary script Thunderbolt and Lightfoot. Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
read the script and sent it to his personal production company, which allowed Cimino to direct the film. After its success, Cimino co-wrote, directed, and produced the 1978 Academy Award-winning film The Deer Hunter. His next film, Heaven's Gate (1980), proved to be a financial failure.[2] Cimino directed four movies after Heaven's Gate, but none were as successful as The Deer Hunter.

Contents

1 Early life

1.1 Education

2 Early career

2.1 Commercials 2.2 Screenwriting

3 Film career 4 Trademarks 5 Unrealized projects 6 Books 7 Interviews 8 Praise 9 Criticisms

9.1 Colleagues 9.2 Critics

10 Conflicting stories on background

10.1 Age 10.2 Education and early career 10.3 Military service

11 Death 12 Filmography 13 References

13.1 Annotations 13.2 Footnotes 13.3 Bibliography

14 Further reading 15 External links

Early life[edit] Cimino was born in New York City
New York City
on February 3, 1939.[3][4][a 1] A third-generation Italian-American,[6][7] Cimino and his brothers grew up with their parents in Old Westbury, Long Island.[8] He was regarded as a prodigy at the private schools his parents sent him to, but rebelled as an adolescent by consorting with delinquents, getting into fights, and coming home drunk.[9] Of this time, Cimino described himself as

"always hanging around with kids my parents didn't approve of. Those guys were so alive. When I was fifteen I spent three weeks driving all over Brooklyn
Brooklyn
with a guy who was following his girlfriend. He was convinced she was cheating on him, and he had a gun, he was going to kill her. There was such passion and intensity about their lives. When the rich kids got together, the most we ever did was cross against a red light."[10]

His father was a music publisher.[9] Cimino says his father was responsible for marching bands and organs playing pop music at football games.[11]

"When my father found out I went into the movie business, he didn't talk to me for a year," Cimino said.[9] "He was very tall and thin ... His weight never changed his whole life and he didn't have a gray hair on his head. He was a bit like a Vanderbilt or a Whitney, one of those guys. He was the life of the party, women loved him, a real womanizer. He smoked like a fiend. He loved his martinis. He died really young. He was away a lot, but he was fun. I was just a tiny kid."[11]

His mother was a costume designer.[11] After he made The Deer Hunter, she said that she knew he had become famous because his name was in the New York Times
New York Times
crossword puzzle.[9] Education[edit] Cimino graduated from Westbury High School in 1956. He entered Michigan State University
Michigan State University
in East Lansing, Michigan. At Michigan State, Cimino majored in graphic arts, was a member of a weight-lifting club, and participated in a group to welcome incoming students. He graduated in 1959 with honors and won the Harry Suffrin Advertising Award. He was described in the 1959 Red Cedar Log yearbook as having tastes that included blondes, Thelonious Monk, Chico Hamilton, Mort Sahl, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Frank Lloyd
Frank Lloyd
Wright, and "drinking, preferably vodka."[12] In Cimino's final year at Michigan State, he became art director, and later managing editor, of the school's humor magazine Spartan. Steven Bach wrote of Cimino's early magazine work:

"It is here that one can see what are perhaps the first public manifestations of the Cimino visual sensibility, and they are impressive. He thoroughly restyled the Spartan's derivative Punch look, designing a number of its strikingly handsome covers himself. The Cimino-designed covers are bold and strong, with a sure sense of space and design. They compare favorably to professional work honored in, say, any of the Modern Publicity annuals of the late fifties and are far better than the routine work turned out on Madison Avenue. The impact and quality of his work no doubt contributed to his winning the Harry Suffrin Advertising Award at MSU and perhaps to his acceptance at Yale."[12]

At Yale, Cimino continued to study painting as well as architecture and art history and became involved in school dramatics.[13] In 1962, while still at Yale, he enlisted in the U.S. Army Reserve.[5][8] He trained for five months at Fort Dix, New Jersey and had a month of medical training in Fort Sam Houston, Texas.[5][9] Cimino graduated from Yale
Yale
University, receiving his BFA in 1961 and his MFA in 1963, both in painting.[5][9] Early career[edit] Commercials[edit]

A still from Cimino's "Take Me Along" commercial[14]

After graduating from Yale, Cimino moved to Manhattan to work in Madison Avenue
Madison Avenue
advertising and became a star director of television commercials.[9][15] He shot ads for L'eggs
L'eggs
hosiery, Kool cigarettes, Eastman Kodak, United Airlines, and Pepsi, among others.[9][14] "I met some people who were doing fashion stuff – commercials and stills. And there were all these incredibly beautiful girls," Cimino said. "And then, zoom – the next thing I know, overnight, I was directing commercials."[9] For example, Cimino directed the 1967 United Airlines
United Airlines
commercial "Take Me Along," a musical extravaganza in which a group of ladies sing Take Me Along
Take Me Along
(adapted from a short-lived Broadway musical) to a group of men, presumably their husbands, to take them on a flight. The commercial is filled with the dynamic visuals, American symbolism and elaborate set design that would become Cimino's trademark. "The clients of the agencies liked Cimino," remarked Charles Okun, his production manager from 1964 to 1978. "His visuals were fabulous, but the amount of time it took was just astronomical. Because he was so meticulous and took so long. Nothing was easy with Michael."[14] Through his commercial work, Cimino met Joann Carelli, then a commercial director representative. They began a 30-year on-again-off-again relationship.[9] Screenwriting[edit] In 1971, Cimino moved to Los Angeles to start a career as a screenwriter.[10] According to Cimino, it was Carelli that got him into screenwriting: "[Joann] actually talked me into it. I'd never really written anything ever before. I still don't regard myself as a writer. I've probably written thirteen to fourteen screenplays by [1978] and I still don't think of myself that way. Yet, that's how I make a living."[16] Cimino added, "I started writing screenplays principally because I didn't have the money to buy books or to option properties. At that time you only had a chance to direct if you owned a screenplay which some star wanted to do, and that's precisely what happened with Thunderbolt and Lightfoot."[6][17] Cimino gained representation from Stan Kamen of William Morris Agency.[18] The spec script Thunderbolt and Lightfoot was shown to Clint Eastwood, who bought it for his production company, Malpaso and allowed Cimino a chance to direct the film. Cimino co-wrote two scripts (the science fiction film Silent Running
Silent Running
and Eastwood's second Dirty Harry film, Magnum Force) before moving on to directing.[8] Cimino's work on Thunderbolt and Lightfoot impressed Eastwood enough to ask him to work on the script for Magnum Force before Thunderbolt and Lightfoot began production. Film career[edit] Cimino moved up to directing on the feature Thunderbolt and Lightfoot (1974).[15] The film stars Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
as a Korean War vet named "Thunderbolt" who takes a young drifter named "Lightfoot", played by Jeff Bridges, under his wing. When Thunderbolt's old partners try to find him, he and Lightfoot make a pact with them to pull one last big heist. Eastwood was originally slated to direct it himself, but Cimino impressed Eastwood enough to change his mind. The film became a solid box office success at the time, making $25,000,000 at the box office with a budget of $4,000,000 [19] and earned Bridges an Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actor. With the success of Thunderbolt and Lightfoot, Cimino says he "got a lot of offers, but decided to take a gamble. I would only get involved with projects I really wanted to do." He rejected several offers before pitching an ambitious Vietnam War film to EMI
EMI
executives in November 1976. To Cimino's surprise, EMI
EMI
accepted the film.[10] Cimino went on to direct, co-write, and co-produce The Deer Hunter
The Deer Hunter
(1978). The film stars Robert De Niro, Christopher Walken, and John Savage as three buddies in a Pennsylvania steel mill town who fight in the Vietnam War and rebuild their lives in the aftermath. The film went over-schedule and over-budget,[20] but it became a massive critical and commercial success,[21] and won five Oscars, including Best Director and Best Picture for Cimino.[22] On the basis of his track record, Cimino was given free rein by United Artists for his next film, Heaven's Gate (1980). The film came in several times over budget. After its release, it proved to be a financial disaster that nearly bankrupted the studio. Heaven's Gate became the lightning rod for the industry perception of the loosely controlled situation in Hollywood
Hollywood
at that time. The film's failure marked the end of the New Hollywood era. Transamerica Corporation
Transamerica Corporation
sold United Artists, having lost confidence in the company and its management.[23] Heaven's Gate was such a devastating critical and commercial bomb that public perception of Cimino's work was tainted in its wake; the majority of his subsequent films achieved neither popular nor critical success.[24] Many critics who had originally praised The Deer Hunter became far more reserved about the picture and about Cimino after Heaven's Gate. The story of the making of the movie, and UA's subsequent downfall, was documented in Steven Bach's book Final Cut. Cimino's film was somewhat rehabilitated by an unlikely source: the Z Channel, a cable pay TV channel that at its peak in the mid-1980s served 100,000 of Los Angeles's most influential film professionals. After the unsuccessful release of the reedited and shortened Heaven's Gate, Jerry Harvey, the channel's programmer, decided to play Cimino's original 219-minute cut on Christmas Eve 1982. The reassembled movie received admiring reviews.[25] The full length, director approved version, was released on LaserDisc by MGM/UA,[26] and later reissued on DVD and Blu-ray by the Criterion Collection.[27] Cimino directed a 1985 crime drama, Year of the Dragon, which he and Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
adapted from Robert Daley's novel. Year of the Dragon was nominated for five Razzie
Razzie
awards, including Worst Director and Worst Screenplay.[28] The film was sharply criticized for providing offensive stereotypes about Chinese Americans.[11] Cimino directed The Sicilian from a Mario Puzo
Mario Puzo
novel in 1987. The film bombed at the box office, costing an estimated $16 million[a 2], grossing $5 million domestically.[30] In 1990, Cimino directed a remake of the Humphrey Bogart
Humphrey Bogart
film The Desperate Hours starring Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins
and Mickey Rourke. The film was another box-office disappointment, grossing less than $3 million.[31] His last feature-length film was 1996's Sunchaser
Sunchaser
with Woody Harrelson
Woody Harrelson
and Jon Seda. While nominated for the Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
at that year's Cannes Film Festival,[32] the film was released to video.[33] Trademarks[edit] Cimino's films are often marked by their visual style[9][24] and controversial subject matter.[34][35][36] Elements of Cimino's visual sensibility include shooting in widescreen (in a 2.35:1 aspect ratio),[37] deliberate pacing[9] and big set-piece/non-dialogue sequences.[38] The subject matter in Cimino's films frequently focuses on aspects of American history and culture, notably disillusionment over the American Dream.[39][40][41] Other trademarks include the casting of non-professional actors in supporting roles (Chuck Aspegren as Axel in The Deer Hunter, Ariane in Year of the Dragon).[42][43] Cimino frequently credited Clint Eastwood, John Ford,[44][a 3] Luchino Visconti and Akira Kurosawa[a 4] as his cinematic influences.[42][45] Cimino said that if it were not for Eastwood, he would not be in the movies: "I owe everything to Clint."[42] Cimino also gave his literary references as Vladimir Nabokov, Alexander Pushkin, Leo Tolstoy, Gore Vidal, Raymond Carver, Cormac McCarthy, the classics of Islamic literature, Frank Norris
Frank Norris
and Steven Pinker.[46] Unrealized projects[edit] Since the beginning of his film career, Cimino was attached to many projects that either fell apart in pre-production or were jettisoned due to his reputation following Heaven's Gate. Steven Bach wrote that despite setbacks in Cimino's career, "he may yet deliver a film that will make his career larger than the cautionary tale it often seems to be or, conversely, the story of genius thwarted by the system that is still popular in certain circles."[47] Film historian David Thomson added to this sentiment: "The flimsy nastiness of his last four pictures is no reason to think we have seen the last of Cimino. ... If he ever emerges at full budgetary throttle, his own career should be his subject."[40] Cimino claimed he had written at least 50 scripts overall[11] and was briefly considered to helm The Godfather Part III.[48] Cimino's dream project was an adaptation of Ayn Rand's The Fountainhead. Taking its cue from more than the novel, it was largely modeled on architect Jørn Utzon's troubled building of the Sydney Opera House, as well as the construction of the Empire State Plaza
Empire State Plaza
in Albany, New York. He wrote the script in between Thunderbolt and Lightfoot and The Deer Hunter, and hoped to have Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
play Howard Roark.[49][50] Cimino spent two and a half years working with James Toback
James Toback
on The Life and Dreams of Frank Costello, a biopic on the life of mafia boss Costello, for 20th Century Fox. "We got a good screenplay together," said Cimino, "but again, the studio, 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
in this case, was going through management changes and the script was put aside." Cimino added, "Costello took a long time because Costello himself had a long, interesting life. The selection of things to film was quite hard.[51] While working on the Costello biopic, Cimino wrote a biography on Janis Joplin
Janis Joplin
called Pearl, also for 20th Century Fox.[9][51] "It's almost a musical," replied Cimino, "I was working with Bo Goldman on that one and we were doing a series of rewrites."[51] "All these projects were in the air at once," Cimino recalled, "I postponed The Fountainhead
The Fountainhead
until we had a first draft on Pearl, then after meetings with Jimmy began Frank Costello."[51] In 1984, after being unable to finalize a deal with director Herbert Ross, Paramount Pictures
Paramount Pictures
offered the job of directing Footloose to Cimino. According to screenwriter Dean Pitchford, Cimino was at the helm of Footloose for four months, making more and more extravagant demands in terms of set construction and overall production. In the process, Cimino reimagined the film as a musical-comedy inspired by The Grapes of Wrath. Paramount realized that it potentially had another Heaven's Gate on its hands. Cimino was fired and Ross was brought on to direct the picture.[50][52][53][53] The same year Cimino was scheduled to work on The Pope of Greenwich Village, which would have reunited him with actor Mickey Rourke
Mickey Rourke
from Heaven's Gate. After Rourke and Eric Roberts
Eric Roberts
signed on as the leads, Cimino wanted to finesse the screenplay with some rewriting and restructuring. However, the rewriting would have taken Cimino beyond the mandated start date for shooting, so Cimino and MGM parted ways. Stuart Rosenberg was hired as a result.[54] The film, while receiving admiring reviews, bombed at the box office. In 1987, Cimino attempted to make an epic saga about the 1920s Irish rebel Michael Collins, but the film had to be abandoned due to budget, weather and script problems. The film was to have been funded by Nelson Entertainment.[55] Shortly after the Michael Collins biopic was cancelled, Cimino quickly started pre-production work on Santa Ana Wind, a contemporary romantic drama set in L.A. The start date for shooting was to have been early December 1987. The screenplay was written by Floyd Mutrux and the film was to be bankrolled by Nelson Entertainment, which also backed Collins. Cimino's representative added that the film was "about the San Fernando Valley and the friendship between two guys" and "more intimate" than Cimino's previous big-budget work like Heaven's Gate and the yet-to-be-released The Sicilian.[55] However, Nelson Holdings International Ltd. cancelled the project after disclosing that its banks, including Security Pacific National Bank, had reduced the company's borrowing power after Nelson failed to meet certain financial requirements in its loan agreements. A spokesman for Nelson said the cancellation occurred "in the normal course of business," but declined to elaborate.[56] One of his final projects was writing a three-hour-long adaptation of André Malraux's 1933 novel Man's Fate, about the early days of the Chinese Revolution.[9][46] The story was to have focused on several Europeans living in Shanghai during the tragic turmoil that characterized the onset of China's Communist regime.[57] "The screenplay, I think, is the best one I've ever done," Cimino once said, adding that he had "half the money; [we're] trying to raise the other half."[11] The roughly $25 million project was to be filmed wholly on location in Shanghai and would have benefited from the support of China's government, which said it would provide some $2 million worth of local labor costs.[57] Cimino had been scouting locations in China since 2001.[9][20][46] "There was never a better time to try to do Man's Fate", Cimino said, "because Man's Fate
Man's Fate
is what it's all about right now. It's about the nature of love, of friendship, the nature of honor and dignity. How fragile and important all of those things are in a time of crisis." Martha De Laurentiis, who with her husband Dino helped produce Year of the Dragon and Desperate Hours with Cimino, read his script for Man's Fate
Man's Fate
and passed on it. "If you edit it down, it could be a very tight, beautiful, sensational movie," she said, "but violent, and ultimately a subject matter that I don't think America is that interested in."[9] Books[edit] In 2001, Cimino published his first novel, Big Jane. Later that year, the French Minister of Culture decorated him Chevalier des Arts et des Lettres[9] and the Prix Littéraire Deauville 2001, an award that previously went to Norman Mailer
Norman Mailer
and Gore Vidal.[11] "Oh, I'm the happiest, I think, I've ever been!" he said in response.[11] Cimino also wrote a book called Conversations en miroir with Francesca Pollock in 2003.[58] Interviews[edit] Interviews with Cimino were rare; he declined all interviews with American journalists for 10 years following Heaven's Gate[11] and he gave his part in the making of that film little discussion. George Hickenlooper's book Reel Conversations and Peter Biskind's highly critical book Easy Riders, Raging Bulls deal with the film and resulting scandal.[59] Hickenlooper's book includes one of the few candid discussions with Cimino; Biskind focuses on events during and after the production as a later backdrop for the sweeping changes made to Hollywood
Hollywood
and the movie brat generation. Steven Bach, a former UA studio executive, wrote Final Cut (1985), which describes in detail how Heaven's Gate brought down United Artists. Cimino called Bach's book a "work of fiction" by a "degenerate who never even came on the set".[11] However, Bach's work does discuss times in which he did appear at the shooting location to confront Cimino about the budgetary issues. While Al Pacino, Meryl Streep, Francis Ford Coppola, Gene Hackman, Sidney Lumet
Sidney Lumet
and Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
all gave interviews for the 2009 John Cazale documentary I Knew It Was You, Cimino refused to do so. However, the European DVD release of The Deer Hunter
The Deer Hunter
contains an audio commentary[43] with Cimino as does the American DVD release of Year of the Dragon.[42] In 2011, the French movie critic Jean-Baptiste Thoret wrote a large profile on Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
for Les Cahiers du Cinéma. Cimino appeared on the cover. In 2013, Thoret published in France an acclaimed book, Michael Cimino, les voix perdues de l'Amérique (lost voices of America). Flammarion. ISBN 978-2081261600 Praise[edit] After Cimino's success with The Deer Hunter, he was considered a "second coming" among critics.[20] In 1985, author Michael Bliss described Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
as a unique American filmmaker after only three films: "Cimino occupies an important position in today's cinema ... a man whose cinematic obsession it is to extract, represent, and investigate those essential elements in the American psyche ..."[39] Frequent collaborator Mickey Rourke
Mickey Rourke
has often praised Cimino for his creativity and dedication to work. On Heaven's Gate, Rourke has said, "I remember thinking this little guy [Cimino] was so well organized. He had this huge production going on all around him yet he could devote his absolute concentration on the smallest of details."[60] Film director/screenwriter Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
has also expressed great admiration and praise for Cimino's The Deer Hunter, especially with regards to the Vietnamese POW Russian roulette
Russian roulette
sequence: "The Russian roulette sequence is just out and out one of the best pieces of film ever made, ever shot, ever edited, ever performed. ... Anybody can go off about Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
all they want but when you get to that sequence you just have to shut up."[61] Tarantino also loved Cimino's Year of the Dragon[62] and listed its climax as his favorite killer movie moment in 2004.[63] Film director/screenwriter Oliver Stone, who collaborated with Cimino in Year of the Dragon (1985), said of Cimino: "I have to admit I liked working with Michael Cimino, and I learned a lot from him."[64] Criticisms[edit] Cimino has been described by colleagues and critics as vain, self-indulgent, egotistical, megalomaniacal and an enfant terrible.[11][65] Producers and critics have tended to be harsher on Cimino than his collaborators. Critics, for example, Pauline Kael,[66] John Simon[67] and John Powers,[68] have also noted and criticized these qualities in many of the films he wrote and directed. Cimino was also known to have given exaggerated, misleading and conflicting stories about himself, his background and his filmmaking experiences. Colleagues[edit] In writing about his experience working on The Sicilian, producer Bruce McNall
Bruce McNall
described Cimino as "one part artistic genius and one part infantile egomaniac."[69] In his book, Blade Runners, Deer Hunters and Blowing the Bloody Doors Off, producer Michael Deeley described his experience with Cimino on Deer Hunter as a "travail",[70] adding "the only flaw I find in my Oscar [for The Deer Hunter] is that Cimino's name is also engraved on it."[71] Deeley criticized Cimino for lack of professional respect and standards: "Cimino was selfish. ... Selfishness, in itself, is not necessarily a flaw in a director, unless it swells into ruthless self-indulgence combined with a total disregard for the terms in which the production has been set."[72] Cinematographer
Cinematographer
Vilmos Zsigmond reported that Cimino was hard to work with but extremely talented visually.[73] Critics[edit] Movie critics Pauline Kael
Pauline Kael
and John Simon criticized Cimino's abilities as a filmmaker and storyteller. After his failure with Heaven's Gate, some commentators joked and/or suggested that he should give back his Oscars for The Deer Hunter. Pauline Kael
Pauline Kael
in The New Yorker described Cimino's storytelling abilities in her review of Year of the Dragon:

As I see it, Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
doesn't think in terms of dramatic values: he doesn't know how to develop characters, or how to get any interaction among them. He transposes an art-school student's approach from paintings to movies, and makes visual choices: this is a New York movie, so he wants a lot of blue and harsh light and a realistic surface. He works completely derivatively, from earlier movies, and his only idea of how to dramatize things is to churn up this surface and get it roiling. The whole thing is just material for Cimino the visual artist to impose his personality on. He doesn't actually dramatize himself—it isn't as if he tore his psyche apart and animated the pieces of it (the way a Griffith or a Peckinpah did). He doesn't animate anything.[66]

John Foote questioned whether or not Cimino deserved his Oscars for The Deer Hunter: "It seemed in the spring of 1979, following the Oscar ceremony, there was a sense in the industry that if the Academy could have taken back their votes — which saw The Deer Hunter
The Deer Hunter
and director Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
winning for Best Picture and Best Director — they would have done so."[74] Peter Biskind described Cimino in relation to The Deer Hunter
The Deer Hunter
as "our first, home-grown fascist director, our own Leni Riefenstahl".[75] Conflicting stories on background[edit] Cimino was known for giving exaggerated, misleading and conflicting (or simply tongue-in-cheek) stories about himself, his background and his filmmaking experiences. "When I'm kidding, I'm serious, and when I'm serious, I'm kidding," responded Cimino. "I am not who I am, and I am who I am not."[11] Age[edit] Cimino gave various dates for his birth, usually shaving a couple of years off to seem younger, including February 3, 1943; November 16, 1943;[76] and February 3, 1952.[11] Many biographies about Cimino, such as the "Michael Cimino" entries in David Thomson's The New Biographical Dictionary of Film[40] and Ephraim Katz's Film Encyclopedia,[13] list his year of birth as 1943.[15][53] In reference to Cimino's interview with Leticia Kent on December 10, 1978, Steven Bach said, "Cimino wasn't thirty-five but a few months shy of forty."[5] Education and early career[edit] Cimino claimed he got his start in documentary films following his work in academia and nearly completed a doctorate at Yale.[77] Some of these details are repeated in reviews of Cimino's films[a 5] or his official bios.[13][53] Steven Bach refuted those claims in his book Final Cut: "[Cimino] had done no work toward a doctorate and he had become known in New York as a maker not of documentaries but of sophisticated television commercials."[5] Military service[edit] During the production of The Deer Hunter, Cimino had given co-workers (such as cinematographer Vilmos Zsigmond
Vilmos Zsigmond
and associate producer Joann Carelli) the impression that much of the storyline was biographical, somehow related to the director's own experience and based on the lives of men he had known during his service in Vietnam. Just as the film was about to open, Cimino gave an interview to The New York Times in which he claimed that he had been "attached to a Green Beret medical unit" at the time of the Tet Offensive
Tet Offensive
of 1968. When the Times reporter, who had not been able to corroborate this, questioned the studio about it, studio executives panicked and fabricated "evidence" to support the story.[20] Universal Studios
Universal Studios
president Thom Mount commented at the time, "I know this guy. He was no more a medic in the Green Berets than I'm a rutabaga."[20] Tom Buckley, a veteran Vietnam correspondent for the Times, corroborated that Cimino had done a stint as an Army medic, but that the director had never been attached to the Green Berets. Cimino's active service – six months while a student at Yale
Yale
in 1962 – had been as a reservist who was never deployed to Vietnam.[79] Cimino's publicist reportedly said that the filmmaker intended to sue Buckley, but Cimino never did.[20] Death[edit] Cimino died July 2, 2016, at age 77 at his home in Beverly Hills, California.[80] Eric Weissmann, a friend and former lawyer of Cimino, said that friends had been unable to reach Cimino by phone for the last few days and called the police, who found him dead in his bed. Weissmann stated that he had not been aware of Cimino having any illness. Filmography[edit]

Year Title Box office Contribution Notes

1972 Silent Running

Co-writer Screenwriting debut

1973 Magnum Force $39,768,000[81] Co-writer

1974 Thunderbolt and Lightfoot $21,700,000[82] Director/Writer Directorial debut

1978 The Deer Hunter $48,979,328[83] Director/Co-writer/Co-producer Oscar win for Best Picture and Best Director

1979 The Rose $29,174,648[84] Writer (uncredited)[15][85]

1980 Heaven's Gate $3,484,331[86] Director/Writer Razzie
Razzie
win for Worst Director

1981 The Dogs of War $5,484,132[87] Writer (uncredited)[15][85]

1985 Year of the Dragon $18,707,466[88] Director/Co-writer

1987 The Sicilian $5,406,879[30] Director

1990 Desperate Hours $2,742,912[31] Director

1996 Sunchaser $21,508[33] Director, producer Final feature film

2007 No Translation Needed

Director Segment in To Each His Own Cinema

References[edit] Annotations[edit]

^ Cimino gave various dates for his birth, but his real birthdate was most likely February 3, 1939. In reference to Cimino's interview with Leticia Kent on December 10, 1978, Bach said, "Cimino wasn't thirty-five but a few months shy of forty."[5] ^ Estimate for The Sicilian
The Sicilian
film budget based on: "Total American gross at the box office was $5.5 million, about a third of our production costs." (3 x 5.5 = 16.5).[29] ^ Three of Ford's films, They Were Expendable, The Searchers, and My Darling Clementine, are on Cimino's list of the ten best films of all time according to the 1992 Sight and Sound poll of directors. ^ Kurosawa's Seven Samurai
Seven Samurai
is also on Cimino's list of the ten best films of all time. ^ In Pauline Kael's review of The Deer Hunter, she wrote about Cimino "When his interest turned to movies, he worked in documentary film and in commercials ..."[78]

Footnotes[edit]

^ Say How? A Pronunciation Guide to Names of Public Figures: "Cimino, Michael" [chi-MĒ-nō. Library of Congress. Retrieved August 27, 2010. ^ "Heavens Gate From Hollywood
Hollywood
Disaster To Masterpiece". Retrieved December 6, 2011. ^ " Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
- Biography and Filmography - 1939". February 6, 2015.  ^ Heard, p. 26. ^ a b c d e f Bach, p. 170 ^ a b Andrews, p. 249. ^ Lawton, Ben (2001). "America Through Italian/American Eyes: Dream or Nightmare?". From the Margins: Writing in Italian Americana. Purdue University. [Cimino is said to be Italian/American] ^ a b c Bliss, p. 268 ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Griffin, Nancy (February 10, 2002). "Last Typhoon Cimino Is Back". The New York Observer
The New York Observer
16 (6): pp. 1+15+17. Retrieved August 27, 2010. ^ a b c Wakeman, John (1988). World Film Directors (2). The H. W. Wilson Company. pp. 214–219. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Garbarino, Steve (March 2002). "Michael Cimino's Final Cut". Vanity Fair (499): pp. 232–235+250-252. Retrieved August 27, 2010. ^ a b Bach, p. 171 ^ a b c Katz, Ephraim (1998). The Film Encyclopedia (3rd ed.). New York, NY: HarperCollins. p. 257. ISBN 0-06-273492-X. ^ a b c Epstein, Michael (director). (2004). Final Cut: The Making and Unmaking of Heaven's Gate. [Television Production]. Viewfinder Productions. ^ a b c d e Hickenlooper, p. 76 ^ Carducci; Gallagher, p. 39. ^ Andrews, p. 250. ^ McGilligan, p. 237. ^ Eliot, Marc (October 6, 2009). American Rebel: The Life of Clint Eastwood (1st ed.). New York, NY: Rebel Road, Inc. p. 155. ISBN 978-0-307-33688-0. ^ a b c d e f Biskind, Peter (March 2008). "The Vietnam Oscars". Vanity Fair. Retrieved August 28, 2010. ^ Deeley, p. 197. ^ Dirks, Tim. " The Deer Hunter
The Deer Hunter
(1978)". Greatest Films. Retrieved May 26, 2010. ^ Bach, p. 404. ^ a b Bach, p. 420. ^ Bach, p. 413 ^ "Heaven's Gate". LaserDisc Database. MGM/UA. Retrieved July 3, 2016.  ^ "Heaven's Gate". The Criterion Collection. The Criterion Collection. Retrieved July 3, 2016.  ^ Wilson, John (January 2, 2002). "1985 Archive of 6th Annual RAZZIE Awards". Razzies.com. Retrieved May 25, 2010. ^ McNall & D'Antonio, Pg. 115. ^ a b "The Sicilian". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved July 17, 2010. ^ a b " Desperate Hours (1990)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 31, 2011. ^ "Festival de Cannes: Sunchaser". festival-cannes.com. 1996. Retrieved June 2, 2011. ^ a b "The Sunchaser
Sunchaser
(1996)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 31, 2011. ^ Dirks, Tim. "The Most Controversial Films of All-Time Part 11 1970s". Greatest Films. Retrieved March 26, 2011. ^ Dirks, Tim. "The Most Controversial Films of All-Time Part 13 1980s". Greatest Films. Retrieved March 26, 2011. ^ Dirks, Tim. "The Most Controversial Films of All-Time Part 14 1980s". Greatest Films. Retrieved March 26, 2011. ^ Gillet, Sandy (July 20, 2005). Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
- Paris Heaven's Gate Master class Archived June 14, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.. ecranlarge.com. Retrieved May 30, 2011. ^ Andrews, p. 247. ^ a b Bliss, p. 147 ^ a b c Thomson, p. 178. ^ "MICHAEL CIMINO, CANARDEUR ENCHAINÉ / réalisateur de Voyage au bout de l'enfer, La Porte du Paradis, L'Année du Dragon ..." (in French). michaelcimino.fr. Retrieved May 4, 2011. ^ a b c d Cimino, Michael (director) (2005). Commentary by director Michael Cimino. [Year of the Dragon Region 1 DVD]. Turner Entertainment Co. ^ a b Cimino, Michael (director); Feeney, F. X. (critic). DVD commentary by director Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
and film critic F. X. Feeney. Included on The Deer Hunter
The Deer Hunter
UK region 2 DVD release and the StudioCanal
StudioCanal
Blu-ray. ^ Andrews, p. 248. ^ Hickenlooper, p. 88. ^ a b c Macnab, Geoffrey (December 6, 2001). "War stories". The Guardian. Retrieved April 30, 2011. ^ Bach, p. 421. ^ Schumacher, Michael (October 19, 1999). Francis Ford Coppola: A Filmmaker's Life (Hardcover ed.). New York, NY: Crown. p. 412. ISBN 978-0-517-70445-5. ^ Hickenlooper, p. 78 ^ a b Chevrie, Marc; Narboni, Jean; Ostria, Vincent (November 1985). "The Right Place" (in French). Cahiers du cinéma (n377). ^ a b c d Carducci; Gallagher, p. 40 ^ Holleran, Scott (October 12, 2004). "Shall We Footloose?". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved August 27, 2010. ^ a b c d Andrews, p. 245. ^ Heard, p. 42. ^ a b Klady, Leonard (October 4, 1987). "Checking On Cimino". Los Angeles. Retrieved May 29, 2011. ^ Cieply, Michael (January 26, 1988). "Firm Cancels New Cimino Film Project". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 30, 2011. ^ a b Staff Reporter (September 4, 2001). " Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
Discovers 'Man's Fate' in Shanghai". Home Media Magazine. ^ Cimino, Michael; Pollock, Francesca (writer) (2003). Conversations en miroir (in French). Paris: Gallimard. ^ Biskind, Peter (April 27, 1998). "'Coming Apart' & 'The Eve of Destruction'". Easy Riders, Raging Bulls (Hardcover, 1st ed.). New York, NY: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-684-80996-0. ^ Heard, p. 29. ^ Joyce, Paul (Director/Producer); Rodley, Chris (Director/Producer). (1994). Tarantino on Robert De Niro. [Television Production]. UK: Channel 4. Full video on YouTube: Part 1, Part 2 and Part 3. ^ Clarkson, Wensley (2007). Quentin Tarantino: The Man, The Myths and His Movies (Hardcover ed.). London, England: John Blake Publishing Ltd. p. 313. ISBN 978-1-84454-366-3. ^ Schilling, Mary Kaye (April 16, 2004). "The Second Coming". Entertainment Weekly
Entertainment Weekly
(760). Retrieved August 20, 2010. ^ Cook, Bruce (April 27, 1986). "Stone`s `Salvador` Lets Politics Speak For Itself". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved June 12, 2016.  ^ Dirks, Tim. "Cinematic Terms - A FilmMaking Glossary: D2-E1". Greatest Films. Retrieved June 3, 2011. ^ a b Kael, p. 35. ^ Simon, John (February 16, 1979). New York. Anthologized in the collection Reverse Angle (1982). ^ Rainer, p. 311 ^ McNalll & D'Antonio, p. 103 ^ Deeley, p. 3 ^ Deeley, p. 5 ^ Deeley, p. 178. ^ Shooting The Deer Hunter: An interview with Vilmos Zsigmond. [DVD & Blu-ray]. Blue Underground. Interview with the cinematographer, located on The Deer Hunter, UK Region 2 DVD and StudioCanal
StudioCanal
Blu-ray. ^ Foote, John (June 3, 2008). "Cimino and Oscar". incontention.com. Retrieved May 9, 2011. ^ ""Come Back to the Mill, Nick Honey": The Deer Hunter
The Deer Hunter
Misses The Target". Gods and Monsters. New York, NY: Nation Books. March 30, 1979. p. 91.  ^ Pittman, Jo Ann (September 21, 1999). "Michael Cimino". Film Directors. ^ Bach, p. 169. ^ Kael, Pauline (December 18, 1978) "The Deer Hunter: The God-Bless-America Symphony". The New Yorker. ^ Buckley, Tom (April 1980). "Hollywood's War," Harper's. ^ Itzkoff, Dave (2016-07-02). "Michael Cimino, Director of 'The Deer Hunter' and 'Heaven's Gate,' Dies at 77". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-07-03.  ^ " Magnum Force (1973)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 31, 2011. ^ " Thunderbolt and Lightfoot (1974)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 31, 2011. ^ " The Deer Hunter
The Deer Hunter
(1978)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 31, 2011. ^ "The Rose (1979)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 31, 2011. ^ a b Bach, p. 83 ^ "Heaven's Gate (1980)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 31, 2011. ^ "The Dogs of War (1981)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 31, 2011. ^ "Year of the Dragon (1985)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 31, 2011.

Bibliography[edit]

Andrews, Nigel (1991) [August 11, 1983]. "Michael Cimino". In Andrew Britton. Talking Films: The Best of the Guardian Film Lectures (Hardcover ed.). London, England: Fourth Estate Ltd. pp. 245–266. ISBN 1-872180-17-5.  Bach, Steven (September 1, 1999). Final Cut: Art, Money, and Ego in the Making of Heaven's Gate, the Film That Sank United Artists (Updated ed.). New York, NY: Newmarket Press. ISBN 978-1-55704-374-0. Bliss, Michael (1985). Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
& Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
(Hardcover ed.). Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press Inc. ISBN 0-8108-1783-7. Heard, Christopher (2006). Mickey Rourke: High and Low. London, England: Plexus Publishing Ltd. ISBN 978-0-85965-386-2. Deeley, Michael (April 7, 2009). Blade Runners, Deer Hunters, & Blowing the Bloody Doors Off: My Life in Cult Movies (Hardcover ed.). New York, NY: Pegasus Books LLC. ISBN 978-1-60598-038-6. Carducci, Mark Patrick (writer); Gallagher, John Andrew (editor) (July 1977). "Michael Cimino". Film Directors on Directing (Paperback ed.). Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers. ISBN 0-275-93272-9. Hickenlooper, George (May 1991). "Michael Cimino: A Final Word". Reel Conversations: Candid Interviews with Film's Foremost Directors and Critics (1st ed.). Secaucus, N.J.: Citadel. pp. 76–89. ISBN 978-0-8065-1237-2. Heard, Christopher (2006). Mickey Rourke: High and Low. London, England: Plexus Publishing Ltd. ISBN 978-0-85965-386-2. Kael, Pauline (1989). "The Great White Hope". Hooked (Hardcover ed.). New York, NY: E.P Dutton. pp. 31–38. ISBN 0-525-48429-9. McGilligan, Patrick (1999). Clint: The Life and Legend. London: Harper Collins. ISBN 0-00-638354-8. McNall, Bruce; D'Antonio, Michael (July 9, 2003). Fun While It Lasted: My Rise and Fall In the Land of Fame and Fortune (1st ed.). New York, NY: Hyperion. ISBN 978-0-7868-6864-3. Powers, John (writer); Rainer, Peter (editor) (1992). "Michael Cimino: Year of the Dragon". Love and Hisses. San Francisco, CA: Mercury House. pp. 310–320. ISBN 1-56279-031-5. Thomson, David (October 26, 2010). The New Biographical Dictionary of Film: Fifth Edition, Completely Updated and Expanded (Hardcover ed.). Knopf. ISBN 978-0-307-27174-7. Thoret, Jean-Baptiste. Le Cinéma américain des années 1970, Éditions de l'Étoile/Cahiers du cinéma, 2006. ISBN 2-86642-404-2 Thoret, Jean-Baptiste. En route avec Michael Cimino, large profile and interview published in Cahiers du Cinéma, October 2011.

Further reading[edit]

Adair, Gilbert (1981). Hollywood's Vietnam (1989 revised ed.). London: Proteus. ISBN 0434045802 Marchetti, Gina (1991). "Ethnicity, the Cinema and Cultural Studies." Unspeakable Images: Ethnicity and the American Cinema. Ed. Lester D. Friedman. Urbana: University of Illinois Press. ISBN 0252061527 Marchetti, Gina (1993). "Conclusion: The Postmodern Spectacle of Race and Romance in 'Year of the Dragon.'" Romance and the "Yellow Peril": Race, Sex, and Discursive Strategies in Hollywood
Hollywood
Fiction. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 0520079744 McGee, Patrick (2007). "The Multitude at Heaven's Gate". From Shane to Kill Bill. Malden: Blackwell Publishing. ISBN 1405139641 Wood, Robin (1986). "From Buddies to Lovers" + "Two Films by Michael Cimino". Hollywood
Hollywood
from Vietnam to Reagan and Beyond. New York. ISBN 0231129661 Woolland, Brian (1995). "Class Frontiers: The View through Heaven's Gate." The Book of Westerns. Ed. Ian Cameron and Douglas Pye. New York: Continuum. ISBN 0826408184

External links[edit]

Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
on IMDb Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
at AllMovie MichaelCimino.Fr French fan-created website Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
at Find a Grave

v t e

Films directed by Michael Cimino

Thunderbolt and Lightfoot (1974) The Deer Hunter
The Deer Hunter
(1978) Heaven's Gate (1980) Year of the Dragon (1985) The Sicilian
The Sicilian
(1987) Desperate Hours (1990) Sunchaser
Sunchaser
(1996)

Awards for Michael Cimino

v t e

Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Director

1927–1950

Frank Borzage
Frank Borzage
(1927) Lewis Milestone
Lewis Milestone
(1928) Frank Lloyd
Frank Lloyd
(1929) Lewis Milestone
Lewis Milestone
(1930) Norman Taurog
Norman Taurog
(1931) Frank Borzage
Frank Borzage
(1932) Frank Lloyd
Frank Lloyd
(1933) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1934) John Ford
John Ford
(1935) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1936) Leo McCarey (1937) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1938) Victor Fleming
Victor Fleming
(1939) John Ford
John Ford
(1940) John Ford
John Ford
(1941) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1942) Michael Curtiz
Michael Curtiz
(1943) Leo McCarey (1944) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1945) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1946) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1947) John Huston
John Huston
(1948) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1949) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1950)

1951–1975

George Stevens
George Stevens
(1951) John Ford
John Ford
(1952) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1953) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1954) Delbert Mann
Delbert Mann
(1955) George Stevens
George Stevens
(1956) David Lean
David Lean
(1957) Vincente Minnelli
Vincente Minnelli
(1958) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1959) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1960) Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
and Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1961) David Lean
David Lean
(1962) Tony Richardson
Tony Richardson
(1963) George Cukor
George Cukor
(1964) Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1965) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1966) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1967) Carol Reed
Carol Reed
(1968) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1969) Franklin J. Schaffner
Franklin J. Schaffner
(1970) William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(1971) Bob Fosse
Bob Fosse
(1972) George Roy Hill (1973) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1974) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1975)

1976–2000

John G. Avildsen
John G. Avildsen
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1977) Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
(1978) Robert Benton (1979) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1980) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1981) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1982) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
(1983) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1984) Sydney Pollack
Sydney Pollack
(1985) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1986) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1987) Barry Levinson
Barry Levinson
(1988) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1989) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(1990) Jonathan Demme
Jonathan Demme
(1991) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) Robert Zemeckis
Robert Zemeckis
(1994) Mel Gibson
Mel Gibson
(1995) Anthony Minghella
Anthony Minghella
(1996) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1997) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1998) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(1999) Steven Soderbergh
Steven Soderbergh
(2000)

2001–present

Ron Howard
Ron Howard
(2001) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) Tom Hooper
Tom Hooper
(2010) Michel Hazanavicius
Michel Hazanavicius
(2011) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
(2017)

v t e

Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directing – Feature Film

1948–1975

Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1948) Robert Rossen
Robert Rossen
(1949) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1950) George Stevens
George Stevens
(1951) John Ford
John Ford
(1952) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1953) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1954) Delbert Mann
Delbert Mann
(1955) George Stevens
George Stevens
(1956) David Lean
David Lean
(1957) Vincente Minnelli
Vincente Minnelli
(1958) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1959) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1960) Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
and Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1961) David Lean
David Lean
(1962) Tony Richardson
Tony Richardson
(1963) George Cukor
George Cukor
(1964) Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1965) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1966) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1967) Anthony Harvey (1968) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1969) Franklin J. Schaffner
Franklin J. Schaffner
(1970) William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(1971) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1972) George Roy Hill (1973) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1974) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1975)

1976–2000

John G. Avildsen
John G. Avildsen
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1977) Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
(1978) Robert Benton (1979) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1980) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1981) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1982) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
(1983) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1984) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1985) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1986) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1987) Barry Levinson
Barry Levinson
(1988) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1989) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(1990) Jonathan Demme
Jonathan Demme
(1991) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) Robert Zemeckis
Robert Zemeckis
(1994) Ron Howard
Ron Howard
(1995) Anthony Minghella
Anthony Minghella
(1996) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1997) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1998) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(1999) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2000)

2001–present

Ron Howard
Ron Howard
(2001) Rob Marshall
Rob Marshall
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) Tom Hooper
Tom Hooper
(2010) Michel Hazanavicius
Michel Hazanavicius
(2011) Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
(2017)

v t e

Golden Globe Award for Best Director

Henry King (1943) Leo McCarey (1944) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1945) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1946) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1947) John Huston
John Huston
(1948) Robert Rossen
Robert Rossen
(1949) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1950) László Benedek (1951) Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
(1952) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1953) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1954) Joshua Logan (1955) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1956) David Lean
David Lean
(1957) Vincente Minnelli
Vincente Minnelli
(1958) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1959) Jack Cardiff
Jack Cardiff
(1960) Stanley Kramer
Stanley Kramer
(1961) David Lean
David Lean
(1962) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1963) George Cukor
George Cukor
(1964) David Lean
David Lean
(1965) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1966) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1967) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
(1968) Charles Jarrott (1969) Arthur Hiller
Arthur Hiller
(1970) William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(1971) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1972) William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(1973) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(1974) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1975) Sidney Lumet
Sidney Lumet
(1976) Herbert Ross (1977) Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
(1978) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1979) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1980) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1981) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1982) Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(1983) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1984) John Huston
John Huston
(1985) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1986) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1987) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1988) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1989) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(1990) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1991) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) Robert Zemeckis
Robert Zemeckis
(1994) Mel Gibson
Mel Gibson
(1995) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1996) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1997) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1998) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(1999) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2000) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(2001) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2006) Julian Schnabel
Julian Schnabel
(2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) James Cameron
James Cameron
(2009) David Fincher
David Fincher
(2010) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2011) Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Richard Linklater
Richard Linklater
(2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
(2017)

v t e

Golden Raspberry Awards
Golden Raspberry Awards
for Worst Director

1980–2000

Robert Greenwald (1980) Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
(1981) Ken Annakin
Ken Annakin
/ Terence Young (1982) Peter Sasdy (1983) John Derek
John Derek
(1984) Sylvester Stallone
Sylvester Stallone
(1985) Prince (1986) Norman Mailer
Norman Mailer
/ Elaine May
Elaine May
(1987) Blake Edwards
Blake Edwards
/ Stewart Raffill
Stewart Raffill
(1988) William Shatner
William Shatner
(1989) John Derek
John Derek
(1990) Michael Lehmann (1991) David Seltzer
David Seltzer
(1992) Jennifer Lynch (1993) Steven Seagal
Steven Seagal
(1994) Paul Verhoeven
Paul Verhoeven
(1995) Andrew Bergman (1996) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(1997) Gus Van Sant
Gus Van Sant
(1998) Barry Sonnenfeld
Barry Sonnenfeld
(1999) Roger Christian (2000)

2001–present

Tom Green
Tom Green
(2001) Guy Ritchie
Guy Ritchie
(2002) Martin Brest (2003) Pitof (2004) John Asher
John Asher
(2005) M. Night Shyamalan
M. Night Shyamalan
(2006) Chris Sivertson (2007) Uwe Boll
Uwe Boll
(2008) Michael Bay
Michael Bay
(2009) M. Night Shyamalan
M. Night Shyamalan
(2010) Dennis Dugan (2011) Bill Condon (2012) Elizabeth Banks, Steven Brill, Steve Carr, Rusty Cundieff, James Duffy, Griffin Dunne, Peter Farrelly, Patrik Forsberg, Will Graham, James Gunn, Bob Odenkirk, Brett Ratner, and Jonathan van Tulleken (2013) Michael Bay
Michael Bay
(2014) Josh Trank
Josh Trank
(2015) Dinesh D'Souza
Dinesh D'Souza
and Bruce Schooley (2016) Tony Leondis (2017)

v t e

Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Director

Sidney Lumet
Sidney Lumet
(1975) Sidney Lumet
Sidney Lumet
(1976) Herbert Ross (1977) Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
(1978) Robert Benton (1979) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(1980) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1981) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1982) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
(1983) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1984) Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
(1985) David Lynch
David Lynch
(1986) John Boorman
John Boorman
(1987) David Cronenberg
David Cronenberg
(1988) Spike Lee
Spike Lee
(1989) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1990) Barry Levinson
Barry Levinson
(1991) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1992) Jane Campion
Jane Campion
(1993) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(1994) Mike Figgis
Mike Figgis
(1995) Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(1996) Curtis Hanson
Curtis Hanson
(1997) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1998) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(1999) Steven Soderbergh
Steven Soderbergh
(2000) David Lynch
David Lynch
(2001) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Alexander Payne
Alexander Payne
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Paul Greengrass
Paul Greengrass
(2006) Paul Thomas Anderson
Paul Thomas Anderson
(2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) Olivier Assayas
Olivier Assayas
/ David Fincher
David Fincher
(2010) Terrence Malick
Terrence Malick
(2011) Paul Thomas Anderson
Paul Thomas Anderson
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Richard Linklater
Richard Linklater
(2014) George Miller (2015) Barry Jenkins
Barry Jenkins
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
/ Luca Guadagnino
Luca Guadagnino
(2017)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 85135116 LCCN: n85054094 ISNI: 0000 0001 2141 9570 GND: 118876732 SUDOC: 059926562 BNF: cb13738660v (data) NDL: 00964569 NKC: pna2008444781 ICCU: ITICCURAVV88678 BN

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