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The Messina
Messina
Conference was held from 1 to 3 June 1955 at the Italian city of Messina, Sicily. The conference of the foreign ministers of the six member states of the European Coal and Steel Community
European Coal and Steel Community
(ECSC) would lead to the creation of the European Economic Community
European Economic Community
in 1958. The delegations of the six participating countries were headed by Johan Willem Beyen
Johan Willem Beyen
(Netherlands), Gaetano Martino
Gaetano Martino
(Italy), Joseph Bech (Luxembourg), Antoine Pinay
Antoine Pinay
(France), Walter Hallstein
Walter Hallstein
(Germany), and Paul-Henri Spaak
Paul-Henri Spaak
(Belgium). Joseph Bech
Joseph Bech
was chairman of the meeting. The Foreign Ministers of the ECSC had to meet in order to nominate a member of the High Authority of the ECSC and to appoint its new President and Vice-Presidents for the period expiring on 10 February 1957. The meeting was held at Messina
Messina
(and partially in Taormina) at the request of Gaetano Martino, the Italian Foreign Minister, who was detained in Sicily
Sicily
because of the Regional Assembly elections. They appointed René Mayer as President of the High Authority to replace Jean Monnet. The ministers also reappointed the Belgian, Albert Coppé, and the German, Franz Etzel, as Vice-Presidents of the College. In addition to the above-mentioned agenda, the meeting included consideration of the action programme to relaunch European integration. In August 1954 the plans had collapsed to create a European Political Community and a common defence force, the European Defence Community, as a substitute for the national armies of Germany, France, Italy, and the three Benelux
Benelux
countries, when France refused to ratify the treaty.[1] The six ECSC countries then turned their attention to the idea of a customs union, which was elaborated at Messina. The final resolution of the conference, largely reflecting the point of view of the three Benelux
Benelux
countries, formed the basis for further work to relaunch European integration. The Benelux
Benelux
countries in their BeNeLux memorandum proposed a revival of European integration on the basis of a common market and integration in the transport and atomic energy sectors.[2][3] At first the name of Paul van Zeeland, former Belgian Prime Minister and Minister for Foreign Affairs, was mentioned to head the committee which was to work out a proposal. Johan Willem Beyen
Johan Willem Beyen
however proposed Paul-Henri Spaak, who was entrusted, on 18 June, with the production of a report at an Intergovernmental Committee in order to evaluate the option of a sectoral integration or the step-by-step establishment of a European common market. The Spaak Report
Spaak Report
of the Spaak Committee
Spaak Committee
and the subsequent Intergovernmental Conference on the Common Market and Euratom
Euratom
which was held at the Château of Val-Duchesse
Château of Val-Duchesse
would lead to the Treaties of Rome
Treaties of Rome
in 1957 and the formation of the European Economic Community and Euratom
Euratom
in 1958. See also[edit]

European University Institute History of the European Union

References[edit]

^ Richard T. Griffiths, "Europe’s first constitution: the European Political Community, 1952–1954" in Stephen Martin, ed. The Construction of Europe: Essays in Honour of Emile Noël 19 (1994) ^ Benelux
Benelux
memorandum (18 May 1955) ^ Raymond F. Mikesell, "The Lessons of Benelux
Benelux
and the European Coal and Steel Community for the European Economic Community", The American Economic Review, Vol. 48, No. 2, Papers and Proceedings of the Seventieth Annual Meeting of the American Economic Association (May 1958), pp. 428–441

Sources[edit]

Messina
Messina
Conference on CVCE.eu (Centre virtuel de la connaissance sur l'Europe) Minutes of the Messina
Messina
Conference (EU) Available on CVCE.eu Delegations from the Six at the Messina
Messina
Conference (EU) Available on CVCE.eu How Divided Europe Came Together (BBC) Messina
Messina
Conferen

.