Memorial Day or Decoration Day is a federal holiday in the United
States for remembering the people who died while serving in the
country's armed forces. The holiday, which is currently observed
every year on the last Monday of May, will be held on May 28, 2018.
The holiday was held on May 30 from 1868 to 1970. It marks the
start of the unofficial summer vacation season, while Labor Day
marks its end. The holiday, from latest to earliest, is slightly more
likely to fall on May 30, May 28 or May 25 (58 in 400 years each) than
on May 27 or May 26 (57), and slightly less likely to occur on May 31
or May 29 (56).
Many people visit cemeteries and memorials, particularly to honor
those who have died in military service. Many volunteers place an
American flag on each grave in national cemeteries.
Memorial Day is not to be confused with
Veterans Day – Memorial
Day is a day of remembering the men and women who died while serving,
Veterans Day celebrates the service of all U.S. military
1.1 In the North
1.2 In the South
1.3 At Gettysburg
2 Name and date
3 20th century
4 As civil religious holiday
5 In film, literature, and music
6 Observance dates (1971–present)
7 See also
9 Further reading
10 External links
1870 Decoration Day parade in St. Paul, Minnesota
The practice of decorating soldiers' graves with flowers is an ancient
custom. Soldiers' graves were decorated in the U.S. before and
during the American Civil War.
Some believe that an annual cemetery decoration practice began before
American Civil War
American Civil War and thus may reflect the real origin of the
"memorial day" idea. Annual Decoration Days for particular
cemeteries are still held on a Sunday in late spring or early summer
in some rural areas of the American South, notably in the mountain
areas. In cases involving a family graveyard where remote ancestors as
well as those who were deceased more recently are buried, this may
take on the character of an extended family reunion to which some
people travel hundreds of miles. People gather, put flowers on graves
and renew contacts with relatives and others. There often is a
religious service and a picnic-like "dinner on the grounds," the
traditional term for a potluck meal at a church.
On June 3, 1861,
Warrenton, Virginia was the location of the first
Civil War soldier's grave ever to be decorated, according to a
Richmond Times-Dispatch newspaper article in 1906. In 1862, women
Savannah, Georgia decorated Confederate soldiers' graves according
to the Savannah Republican. The 1863 cemetery dedication at
Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, was a ceremony of commemoration at the
graves of dead soldiers. On July 4, 1864, ladies decorated soldiers'
graves according to local historians in Boalsburg, Pennsylvania.
and Boalsburg promotes itself as the birthplace of Memorial Day.
In April 1865, following President Abraham Lincoln's assassination,
commemorations were ubiquitous. The more than 600,000 soldiers of both
sides who died in the Civil War meant that burial and memorialization
took on new cultural significance. Under the leadership of women
during the war, an increasingly formal practice of decorating graves
had taken shape. In 1865, the federal government began creating
national military cemeteries for the Union war dead.
A decoration day observance on May 1, 1865, in Charleston, South
Carolina led historian
David W. Blight to claim that "African
Memorial Day in Charleston, South Carolina",
based on accounts in the Charleston Daily Courier and coverage by the
New-York Tribune. In 2012, Blight stated that he "has no evidence"
that the event in Charleston inspired the establishment of Memorial
Day across the country. Accordingly,
Snopes labeled the claim that
the holiday began in Charleston "false."
In 1868, General
John A. Logan
John A. Logan of the Grand Army of the Republic, an
organization of Union veterans founded in Decatur, Illinois,
established Decoration Day as a time for the nation to decorate the
graves of the Union war dead with flowers. By the 20th century,
various Union and Confederate memorial traditions, celebrated on
different days, merged, and
Memorial Day eventually extended to honor
all Americans who died while in the military service.
On May 26, 1966, President
Lyndon B. Johnson
Lyndon B. Johnson designated an "official"
birthplace of the holiday by signing the presidential proclamation
naming Waterloo, New York, as the holder of the title. This action
followed House Concurrent Resolution 587, in which the 89th Congress
had officially recognized that the patriotic tradition of observing
Memorial Day had begun one hundred years prior in Waterloo, New
York. The village credits druggist
Henry C. Welles and county
clerk John B. Murray as the founders of the holiday.
Snopes and Live
Science discredit the Waterloo account.
In the North
Tomb of the Unknowns
Tomb of the Unknowns located in Arlington National Cemetery
On May 5, 1868, General
John A. Logan
John A. Logan issued a proclamation calling
for "Decoration Day" to be observed annually and nationwide; he was
commander-in-chief of the Grand Army of the Republic, the veterans'
organization for Union Civil War veterans. With his proclamation,
Logan adopted the
Memorial Day practice that had begun in the Southern
states three years earlier.
The first northern
Memorial Day was observed on May 30, 1868. One
author claims that the date was chosen because it was not the
anniversary of any particular battle. According to a White House
address in 2010, the date was chosen as the optimal date for flowers
to be in bloom in the North.
Memorial Day, Boston by Henry Sandham
The northern states quickly adopted the holiday. In 1868, memorial
events were held in 183 cemeteries in 27 states, and 336 in 1869.
In 1871, Michigan made "Decoration Day" an official state holiday and
by 1890, every northern state had followed suit. The ceremonies were
sponsored by the Women's Relief Corps, the women's auxiliary of the
Grand Army of the Republic
Grand Army of the Republic (GAR), which had 100,000 members. By 1870,
the remains of nearly 300,000 Union dead had been reinterred in 73
national cemeteries, located near major battlefields and thus mainly
in the South. The most famous are
Gettysburg National Cemetery
Gettysburg National Cemetery in
Pennsylvania and Arlington National Cemetery, near Washington, DC.
Memorial Day speeches became an occasion for veterans, politicians,
and ministers to commemorate the Civil War and, at first, to rehash
the "atrocities" of the enemy. They mixed religion and celebratory
nationalism for the people to make sense of their history in terms of
sacrifice for a better nation. People of all religious beliefs joined
together and the point was often made that the German and Irish
soldiers had become true Americans in the "baptism of blood" on the
Doylestown, Pennsylvania has run annual Memorial Day
parades which it claims to be the nation's oldest continuously
running; however, the
Memorial Day parade in Rochester, Wisconsin
predates Doylestown's by one year.
In the South
Confederate Memorial Monument in Montgomery, Alabama
The U.S. National Park Service and numerous scholars attribute the
beginning of a
Memorial Day practice in the South to the ladies of
Columbus, Georgia. On April 25, 1866,
Columbus, Mississippi laid flowers on the graves of both the
Union and Confederate dead in the city's cemetery. The early
Memorial Day celebrations were simple, somber occasions for
veterans and their families to honor the dead and tend to local
Historians acknowledge the
Ladies Memorial Association
Ladies Memorial Association played a key
role in these rituals of preservation of Confederate "memory."
Various dates ranging from April 25 to mid-June were adopted in
different Southern states. Across the South, associations were
founded, many by women, to establish and care for permanent cemeteries
for the Confederate dead, organize commemorative ceremonies, and
sponsor appropriate monuments as a permanent way of remembering the
Confederate dead. The most important of these was the United Daughters
of the Confederacy, which grew from 17,000 members in 1900 to nearly
100,000 women by World War I. They were "strikingly successful at
raising money to build Confederate monuments, lobbying legislatures
and Congress for the reburial of Confederate dead, and working to
shape the content of history textbooks."
In 1868, some southerners appended the label "Confederate" to what
they originally called "Memorial Day" after northerners co-opted the
holiday. The tradition of observances were linked to the South,
they served as the prototype for the national day of memory embraced
by the nation in 1868.
By 1890, there was a shift from the emphasis on honoring specific
soldiers to a public commemoration of the Confederate south.
Changes in the ceremony's hymns and speeches reflect an evolution of
the ritual into a symbol of cultural renewal and conservatism in the
South. By 1913, David Blight argues, the theme of American nationalism
shared equal time with the Confederate.
Soldiers National Monument at the center of Gettysburg National
Starting in 1868, the ceremonies and
Memorial Day address at
Gettysburg National Park
Gettysburg National Park became nationally known. In July 1913,
veterans of the
United States and Confederate armies gathered in
Gettysburg to commemorate the fifty-year anniversary of the Civil
War's bloodiest and most famous battle.
The four-day "Blue-Gray Reunion" featured parades, re-enactments, and
speeches from a host of dignitaries, including President Woodrow
Wilson, the first Southerner elected to the
White House after the
War. James Heflin of
Alabama gave the main
address. Heflin was a noted orator; His choice as
Memorial Day speaker was criticized, as he was opposed for his support
of segregation; however, his speech was moderate in tone and stressed
national unity and goodwill, gaining him praise from
Since the cemetery dedication at Gettysburg occurred on November 19,
that day (or the closest weekend) has been designated as their own
local memorial day that is referred to as Remembrance Day.
Name and date
"On Decoration Day" Political cartoon c. 1900 by John T. McCutcheon.
Caption: "You bet I'm goin' to be a soldier, too, like my Uncle David,
when I grow up."
The preferred name for the holiday gradually changed from "Decoration
Day" to "Memorial Day," which was first used in 1882. Memorial Day
did not become the more common name until after World War II, and was
not declared the official name by Federal law until 1967. On June
28, 1968, Congress passed the Uniform Monday Holiday Act, which moved
four holidays, including Memorial Day, from their traditional dates to
a specified Monday in order to create a convenient three-day
weekend. The change moved
Memorial Day from its traditional May 30
date to the last Monday in May. The law took effect at the federal
level in 1971. After some initial confusion and unwillingness to
comply, all 50 states adopted Congress' change of date within a few
Memorial Day endures as a holiday which most businesses observe
because it marks the unofficial beginning of summer. The
Foreign Wars (VFW) and
Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War
Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War (SUVCW)
advocate returning to the original date, although the significance of
the date is tenuous. The VFW stated in a 2002
Memorial Day Address:
Changing the date merely to create three-day weekends has undermined
the very meaning of the day. No doubt, this has contributed a lot to
the general public's nonchalant observance of Memorial Day.
Starting in 1987 Hawaii's Senator Daniel Inouye, a World War II
veteran, introduced a measure to return
Memorial Day to its
traditional date. Inouye continued introducing the resolution until
his death in 2012.
On Memorial Day, the flag of the
United States is raised briskly to
the top of the staff and then solemnly lowered to the half-staff
position, where it remains only until noon. It is then raised to
full-staff for the remainder of the day.
Memorial Day observances in small
New England towns are often marked
by dedications and remarks by veterans, state legislators, and
The half-staff position remembers the more than one million men and
women who gave their lives in service of their country. At noon, their
memory is raised by the living, who resolve not to let their sacrifice
be in vain, but to rise up in their stead and continue the fight for
liberty and justice for all.
National Memorial Day Concert
National Memorial Day Concert takes place[when?] on the west lawn
United States Capitol. The concert is broadcast on PBS and
NPR. Music is performed, and respect is paid to the men and women who
gave their lives for their country.
For many Americans, the central event is attending one of the
thousands of parades held on
Memorial Day in large and small cities
all over the country.[according to whom?] Most of these feature
marching bands and an overall military theme with the National Guard
and other servicemen participating along with veterans and military
vehicles from various wars.
One of the longest-standing traditions is the running of the
Indianapolis 500, an auto race which has been held in conjunction with
Memorial Day since 1911. Originally it was held on Memorial Day
itself, and since 1974 it runs on the Sunday preceding the Memorial
Day holiday. Since 1961 NASCAR's
Coca-Cola 600 has been held during
Memorial Day weekend, and has also been held on the previous Sunday
since 1974. Since 1976 The
Memorial Tournament golf
event has been held on or close to the
Memorial Day weekend.[citation
needed] The final of the NCAA Division I Men's Lacrosse Championship
is held on Memorial Day.
In 2000, Congress passed the
National Moment of Remembrance
National Moment of Remembrance Act,
asking people to stop and remember at 3:00 PM.
Main article: Remembrance poppy
In 1915, following the Second Battle of Ypres, Lieutenant Colonel John
McCrae, a physician with the Canadian Expeditionary Force, wrote the
poem, "In Flanders Fields". Its opening lines refer to the fields of
poppies that grew among the soldiers' graves in Flanders.
In 1918, inspired by the poem, YWCA worker
Moina Michael attended a
YWCA Overseas War Secretaries' conference wearing a silk poppy pinned
to her coat and distributed over two dozen more to others present. In
1920, the National American Legion adopted it as their official symbol
As civil religious holiday
Scholars, following the lead of sociologist Robert
Bellah, often make the argument that the
United States has a secular
"civil religion" – one with no association with any religious
denomination or viewpoint – that has incorporated
Memorial Day as a
sacred event. With the Civil War, a new theme of death, sacrifice and
rebirth enters the civil religion.
Memorial Day gave ritual expression
to these themes, integrating the local community into a sense of
nationalism. The American civil religion, in contrast to that of
France, was never anticlerical or militantly secular; in contrast to
Britain, it was not tied to a specific denomination, such as the
Church of England. The Americans borrowed from different religious
traditions so that the average American saw no conflict between the
two, and deep levels of personal motivation were aligned with
attaining national goals.
Memorial Day has been called a "modern cult of the dead". It
incorporates Christian themes of sacrifice while uniting citizens of
In film, literature, and music
Memorial Day (2012) is a war film starring James Cromwell, Jonathan
Bennett, and John Cromwell.
Logan Lucky (2017) starring Channing Tatum
Charles Ives's symphonic poem Decoration Day depicted the holiday as
he experienced it in his childhood, with his father's band leading the
way to the town cemetery, the playing of "Taps" on a trumpet, and a
livelier march tune on the way back to the town. It is frequently
played with three other Ives works based on holidays, as the second
movement of A Symphony:
New England Holidays.
Memorial Day include:
Michael Anania's "Memorial Day" (1994)
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's "Decoration Day" (1882)
Joyce Kilmer's "Memorial Day"
Observance dates (1971–present)
Military of the
United States portal
A Great Jubilee Day, first held the last Monday in May 1783 (American
ANZAC Day, an analogous observance in Australia and New Zealand on
April 25 every year
Confederate Memorial Day
Remembrance of the Dead
Remembrance of the Dead ("Dodenherdenking"), every year on May 4,
commemorates all civilians and members of the armed forces of the
Kingdom of the Netherlands who have died in wars or peacekeeping
missions since the outbreak of World War II.
Memorial Day massacre of 1937
Nora Fontaine Davidson, credited with the first
Memorial Day ceremony
in Petersburg, Virginia
United States military casualties of war
Remembrance Day, an analogous observance in Canada, the United
Kingdom, and many other Commonwealth nations held on November 11 each
Volkstrauertag ( "People's Mourning Day" ), usually in November two
Sundays ahead of 1. Advent, inaugurated in Germany in 1919 by the
Weimar Republic, the German version of
Memorial Day celebrated in the
Weimar Republic and since 1949 in West Germany, a holiday with
democratic context strictly different from the Imperial and Nazi-Era
"Heldengedenktag", usually with a special event including the
President in Bundestag
^ a b "Memorial Day".
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Memorial Day 2016: What you need to know". CNN.
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^ Kickler, Sarah (May 28, 2012). "
Memorial Day vs.
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^ Mary L'Hommedieu Gardiner (1842). "The Ladies Garland". J. Libby.
p. 296. Retrieved May 31, 2014.
^ In 1817, for example, a writer in the Analectic Magazine of
Philadelphia urged the decoration of patriot's graves. E.J., "The
Soldier's Grave," in The Analectic Magazine (1817), Vol. 10, 264.
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Day in the Mountains: Traditions of Cemetery Decoration in the
Southern Appalachians. Univ of North Carolina Press. p. 125.
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^ Blight, David W. "Lecture: To Appomattox and Beyond: The End of the
War and a Search for Meanings, Overview". Oyc.yale.edu. Retrieved May
31, 2014. Professor Blight closes his lecture with a description of
the first Memorial Day, celebrated by African Americans in Charleston,
^ David Blight, cited by Campbell Robertson, "Birthplace of Memorial
Day? That Depends Where You're From," New York Times, May 28, 2012 –
Blight quote from 2nd web page: "He has called that the first Memorial
Day, as it predated most of the other contenders, though he said he
has no evidence that it led to General Logan's call for a national
Snopes Snopes.com, not dated
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History – Office of Public Affairs". va.gov. Archived from the
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^ Johnson, Lyndon. "Presidential Proclamation 3727". Retrieved May 27,
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Retrieved April 7, 2014.
^ "A Complicated Journey: The Story of Logan and Memorial Day" Tom
English, The Southern Illinoisian, May 22, 2015
^ "Memorial Day's Roots Traced To Georgia" Michael Jones, Northwest
Herald, May 23, 2015.
^ Hennig Cohen; Tristram Potter Coffin (1991). The Folklore of
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^ "Barack Obama, Weekly Address, May 29, 2010, transcript".
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2014. Retrieved April 7, 2014.
^ Blight (2004), pp. 99–100
^ "Interments in Department of
Veterans Affairs (VA) National
Cemeteries" (PDF). Washington, DC: National Cemetery Administration
– Department of
Veterans Affairs VA-NCA-IS-1. January 2011. After
the Civil War, search and recovery teams visited hundreds of
battlefields, churchyards, plantations and other locations seeking
wartime interments that were made in haste. By 1870, the remains of
nearly 300,000 Civil War dead were reinterred in 73 national
^ Samito, Christian G. (2009). Becoming American Under Fire: Irish
Americans, African Americans, and the Politics of Citizenship During
the Civil War Era. Cornell University Press. p. 126.
ISBN 978-0-8014-4846-1. Retrieved May 25, 2014.
^ firstname.lastname@example.org, AARON KNAPP. "Rochester commemorates
fallen soldiers in 150th
Memorial Day parade". Journal Times.
Retrieved June 1, 2017.
^ says, Lisa. "Doylestown Hosts Oldest
Memorial Day Parade In The
Country". Retrieved June 1, 2017.
^ a b National Park Service, "Flowers For Jennie" Retrieved February
^ Daniel Bellware and Richard Gardiner, The Genesis of the Memorial
Day Holiday in America (Columbus State University, 2014).
^ Gary Gallagher, The Myth of the Lost Cause and Civil War History, p.
^ Kristina Dunn Johnson, No Holier Spot of Ground, p. 33
^ Michael Kammen (Pulitzer Prize Winner), Mystic Chords of Memory, New
York, Knopf 1991, 103.
^ Tom English, "A Complicated Journey," The Southern Illinoisian, May
^ Mrs. Logan's Memoirs, p. 246. Books.google.com. 1913. Retrieved
April 7, 2014.
^ "Birthplace of Memorial Day? That Depends Where You're From". The
New York Times. May 27, 2012.
^ "Did You Know? Little known Mississippi Facts". US Genealogy
Network. Archived from the original on May 31, 2010. Retrieved May 28,
^ a b University of Michigan; EBSCO Publishing (Firm) (2000). America,
history and life. Clio Press. p. 190.
^ Karen L. Cox (2003). Dixie's Daughters: The United Daughters of the
Confederacy and the Preservation of Confederate Culture. Universbuttse
Memorial Day. ISBN 9780813031330.
^ Blight (2001), Race and Reunion, pp. 272–73
^ Gardiner and Bellware, p. 87
^ Lucian Lamar Knight, "Memorial Day: Its True History".
Books.google.com. 1914. Retrieved May 28, 2012.
David W. Blight (2001). Race and Reunion: The Civil War in American
Memory. Harvard U.P. p. 265. ISBN 9780674022096.
^ Warren Leon; Roy Rosenzweig (June 1, 1989). History Museums in the
United States: A Critical Assessment. University of Illinois Press.
p. 140. ISBN 978-0-252-06064-9.
^ Glenn W. LaFantasie (March 1, 2008). Gettysburg Heroes: Perfect
Soldiers, Hallowed Ground. Indiana University Press. p. 46.
^ Henry Perkins Goddard; Calvin Goddard Zon (2008). The Good Fight
That Didn't End: Henry P. Goddard's Accounts of Civil War and Peace.
Univ of South Carolina Press. p. 285.
^ Alan Axelrod (June 1, 2007). Miracle at Belleau Wood: The Birth of
the Modern U.S. Marine Corps. Globe Pequot. p. 233.
^ a b "Public Law 90-363". Retrieved April 7, 2014.
^ Mechant, David (April 28, 2007). "
Memorial Day History". Retrieved
May 28, 2010.
^ E.g., 112th Congress (2011–2012), S.70
^ Peggy Post; Anna Post; Lizzie Post; Daniel Post Senning (November
15, 2011). Emily Post's Etiquette, 18. HarperCollins. p. 165.
^ Congress (October 22, 2009).
United States Code, 2006, Supplement 1,
January 4, 2007, to January 8, 2008. Government Printing Office.
p. 39. ISBN 978-0-16-083512-4.
^ Kevin J. Carnahan (May 1, 2004). Outdoor Escapes Washington, D.C.: A
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^ Alan Wilson (October 1, 2011). Driven by Desire: The Desire Wilson
Story. Veloce Publishing Ltd. p. 92.
^ Scott, Ryan (May 24, 2015). "Memorial Day, 3 p.m.: Don't Forget".
Forbes. Retrieved June 2, 2015.
^ "Where did the idea to sell poppies come from?". BBC News. November
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^ William H. Swatos; Peter Kivisto (1998). Encyclopedia of Religion
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^ Marcela Cristi (2001). From Civil to Political Religion: The
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^ William M. Epstein (2002). American Policy Making: Welfare As
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^ Robert N. Bellah, "Civil Religion in America", Daedalus 1967 96(1):
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^ Anania, Michael (1994). "Memorial Day". PoetryFoundation.
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Mountains: Traditions of Cemetery Decoration in the Southern
Appalachians (University of North Carolina Press; 2010)
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Complete Book of American Holidays. (1972)
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Wikimedia Commons has media related to Memorial Day.
Memorial Day in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
36 USC 116.
Memorial Day (designation law)
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Memorial Day Museum website
National Memorial Day Concert
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Confederate Memorial Day
Confederate Memorial Day (AL, MS)
Days of Remembrance of the Victims of the Holocaust
Days of Remembrance of the Victims of the Holocaust (week)
Emancipation Day (DC)
Jefferson's Birthday (AL)
Pascua Florida (FL)
Patriots' Day (MA, ME)
San Jacinto Day
San Jacinto Day (TX)
Walpurgis Night (religious)
Asian Pacific American Heritage Month
Jewish American Heritage Month
Memorial Day (federal)
Mother's Day (36)
Cinco de Mayo
Harvey Milk Day
Harvey Milk Day (CA)
Law Day (36)
Loyalty Day (36)
Malcolm X Day
Malcolm X Day (CA, IL, proposed federal)
Military Spouse Day
National Day of Prayer
National Day of Prayer (36)
National Defense Transportation Day (36)
National Maritime Day (36)
Peace Officers Memorial Day
Peace Officers Memorial Day (36)
Truman Day (MO)
Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and
Transgender Pride Month
Father's Day (36)
Bunker Hill Day
Bunker Hill Day (Suffolk County, MA)
Carolina Day (SC)
Emancipation Day In Texas /
Flag Day (36, proposed federal)
Helen Keller Day
Helen Keller Day (PA)
Honor America Days (3 weeks)
Jefferson Davis Day
Jefferson Davis Day (AL, FL)
Kamehameha Day (HI)
Odunde Festival (Philadelphia, PA)
Senior Week (week)
West Virginia Day
West Virginia Day (WV)
Independence Day (federal)
Lā Hoʻihoʻi Ea (HI, unofficial)
Parents' Day (36)
Pioneer Day (UT)
American Family Day (AZ)
Barack Obama Day
Barack Obama Day (IL)
Bennington Battle Day (VT)
Hawaii Admission Day / Statehood Day (HI)
Lyndon Baines Johnson Day
Lyndon Baines Johnson Day (TX)
National Aviation Day
National Aviation Day (36)
Service Reduction Day (MD)
Victory over Japan Day (RI, former federal)
Women's Equality Day
Women's Equality Day (36)
Prostate Cancer Awareness Month
Labor Day (federal)
California Admission Day
California Admission Day (CA)
Carl Garner Federal Lands Cleanup Day (36)
Constitution Day (36)
Constitution Week (week)
Defenders Day (MD)
Gold Star Mother's Day
Gold Star Mother's Day (36)
National Grandparents Day
National Grandparents Day (36)
National Payroll Week (week)
Native American Day (CA, TN, proposed federal)
Patriot Day (36)
Hispanic Heritage Month
Rosh Hashanah (religious)
Yom Kippur (religious)
Breast Cancer Awareness Month
Disability Employment Awareness Month
Filipino American History Month
LGBT History Month
Columbus Day (federal)
Alaska Day (AK)
Child Health Day (36)
General Pulaski Memorial Day
Indigenous Peoples' Day
Indigenous Peoples' Day (VT)
International Day of Non-Violence
Leif Erikson Day
Leif Erikson Day (36)
Missouri Day (MO)
National School Lunch Week
Native American Day (SD)
Nevada Day (NV)
White Cane Safety Day
White Cane Safety Day (36)
Native American Indian Heritage Month
Veterans Day (federal)
Day after Thanksgiving (24)
Election Day (CA, DE, HI, KY, MT, NJ, NY, OH, PR, WV, proposed
Family Day (NV)
Lā Kūʻokoʻa (HI, unofficial)
Native American Heritage Day (MD, WA)
Obama Day (Perry County, AL)
Christmas (religious, federal)
Alabama Day (AL)
Christmas Eve (KY, NC, SC)
Christmas (KY, NC, SC, TX)
Hanukkah (religious, week)
Indiana Day (IN)
Kwanzaa (religious, week)
National Pearl Harbor
Remembrance Day (36)
New Year's Eve
Pan American Aviation Day (36)
Rosa Parks Day
Rosa Parks Day (OH, OR)
Wright Brothers Day (36)
Varies (year round)
Eid al-Adha (religious)
Eid al-Fitr (religious)
Ramadan (religious, month)
(federal) = federal holidays, (state) = state holidays, (religious) =
religious holidays, (week) = weeklong holidays, (month) = monthlong
holidays, (36) = Title 36 Observances and Ceremonies
Bold indicates major holidays commonly celebrated in the United
States, which often represent the major celebrations of the month.
See also: Lists of holidays, Hallmark holidays, public holidays in the
United States, New Jersey, New York, Puerto Rico and the United States
Official holidays of the New York Stock Exchange
New Year's Day
Martin Luther King Jr. Day
Day before Independence Day
Day after Thanksgiving