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Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
(born Melvin Kaminsky;[2] June 28, 1926) is an American actor, writer, producer, director, comedian, and composer. He is known as a creator of broad film farces and comic parodies. Brooks began his career as a comic and a writer for the early TV variety show Your Show of Shows. He created, with Buck Henry, the hit television comedy series Get Smart, which ran from 1965 to 1970. In middle age, Brooks became one of the most successful film directors of the 1970s, with many of his films being among the top 10 moneymakers of the year they were released. His best-known films include The Producers, The Twelve Chairs, Blazing Saddles, Young Frankenstein, Silent Movie, High Anxiety, History of the World, Part I, Spaceballs
Spaceballs
and Robin Hood: Men in Tights.[3] A musical adaptation of his first film, The Producers, ran on Broadway, from 2001 to 2007. In 2001, having previously won an Emmy, a Grammy and an Oscar, he joined a small list of EGOT winners with his Tony Award
Tony Award
for The Producers. He received a Kennedy Center
Kennedy Center
Honor in 2009, a Hollywood Walk of Fame star in 2010, the 41st AFI Life Achievement Award
AFI Life Achievement Award
in June 2013, a British Film
Film
Institute Fellowship in March 2015, a National Medal of Arts in September 2016, and a BAFTA Fellowship in February 2017. Three of his films ranked in the American Film
Film
Institute's list of the top 100 comedy films of the past 100 years (1900–2000), all of which ranked in the top 15 of the list: Blazing Saddles
Blazing Saddles
at number 6, The Producers at number 11, and Young Frankenstein
Young Frankenstein
at number 13.[4] Brooks was married to Oscar, Emmy, and Tony-winning actress, Anne Bancroft, from 1964 until her death in 2005. Their son Max Brooks
Max Brooks
is an actor and author, known for his 2006 novel World War Z: An Oral History of the Zombie War.

Contents

1 Early life and education 2 Career

2.1 Early career 2.2 Your Show of Shows 2.3 The 2000 Year Old Man
2000 Year Old Man
and Get Smart 2.4 Early career as a film director 2.5 Success as a Hollywood
Hollywood
director 2.6 Later film career 2.7 Musicals

3 Legacy 4 Personal life 5 Filmography

5.1 Film

5.1.1 As director 5.1.2 Other roles

5.2 Television 5.3 Theatre

6 Discography 7 Awards and nominations 8 See also 9 References 10 Further reading 11 External links

Early life and education[edit] Brooks was born Melvin Kaminsky on June 28, 1926, in Brooklyn, New York City, to Max and Kate (née Brookman) Kaminsky,[5][6] and grew up in Williamsburg. His father's family were German Jews
German Jews
from Danzig (present-day Gdańsk, Poland); his mother's family were Jews from Kiev, in the Pale of Settlement
Pale of Settlement
of the Russian Empire (present-day Ukraine).[7][8] He had three older brothers: Irving, Lenny, and Bernie.[9] Brooks' father died of kidney disease at 34 when Brooks was 2 years old.[10] He has said of his father's death, "There's an outrage there. I may be angry at God, or at the world, for that. And I'm sure a lot of my comedy is based on anger and hostility. Growing up in Williamsburg, I learned to clothe it in comedy to spare myself problems—like a punch in the face."[9][11] Brooks was a small, sickly boy who often was bullied and teased by his classmates because of his size.[12] He grew up in tenement housing. At age 9, Brooks went to a Broadway show with his uncle Joe—a taxi driver who would drive the Broadway doormen back to Brooklyn for free and was given the tickets in gratitude—and saw Anything Goes
Anything Goes
with William Gaxton, Ethel Merman
Ethel Merman
and Victor Moore
Victor Moore
at the Alvin Theater. After the show, he told his uncle that he was not going to work in the Garment District like everyone else but was absolutely going into show business.[13] He was taught by Buddy Rich
Buddy Rich
(who had also grown up in Williamsburg) how to play the drums and started earning money at it when he was 14.[11] After attending Abraham Lincoln High School for a year, Brooks graduated from Eastern District High School[14] and then spent a year at Brooklyn College
Brooklyn College
as a psychology major before being drafted into the army in 1944.[11] He attended the Army Specialized Training Program[15] conducted at the Virginia Military Institute[16] (although not as a VMI cadet), and served in the United States
United States
Army as a corporal in the 1104 Engineer Combat Battalion, 78th Infantry Division, defusing land mines during World War II.[17][1] Career[edit] Early career[edit] After the war, Brooks started working in various Borscht Belt
Borscht Belt
resorts and nightclubs in the Catskill Mountains
Catskill Mountains
as a drummer and pianist. Around this time, he changed his professional name to "Mel Brooks"[18] (from his mother's maiden name Brookman) after being confused with the Borscht Belt
Borscht Belt
trumpet player Max Kaminsky.[11] After a regular comic at one of the nightclubs was too sick to perform one night, Brooks started working as a stand-up comic, telling jokes and doing movie-star impressions. He also began acting in summer stock in Red Bank, New Jersey, and did some radio work.[11] He eventually worked his way up to the comically aggressive job of tummler (master entertainer) at Grossinger's, one of the Borscht Belt's most famous resorts.[11][19] Brooks found more rewarding work behind the scenes, becoming a comedy writer for television. In 1949 his friend Sid Caesar hired Brooks to write jokes for the NBC series The Admiral Broadway Revue,[20] paying him $50 a week. Your Show of Shows[edit] In 1950 Caesar created the revolutionary variety comedy series Your Show of Shows and hired Brooks as a writer along with Carl Reiner, Neil Simon, Danny Simon, and head writer Mel Tolkin.[11] The show was an immediate hit and has been influential to all variety and sketch-comedy TV shows since.[21] Reiner, as creator of The Dick Van Dyke Show, based Morey Amsterdam's character Buddy Sorell on Brooks.[22] Likewise, the 1982 film My Favorite Year
My Favorite Year
is loosely based on Brooks' experiences as a writer on the show and an encounter with aging Hollywood
Hollywood
actor Errol Flynn.[23] Neil Simon's 1993 play Laughter on the 23rd Floor is also loosely based on the production of the show, and the character Ira Stone is based on Brooks.[24] [25]Your Show of Shows ended in 1954 when performer Imogene Coca
Imogene Coca
left to host her own show.[26] Caesar then created Caesar's Hour
Caesar's Hour
with most of the same cast and writers (including Brooks and adding Larry Gelbart). Caesar's Hour ran from 1954 until 1957.[27][28] The 2000 Year Old Man
2000 Year Old Man
and Get Smart[edit] Brooks and co-writer Reiner had become fast friends and began to casually improvise comedy routines when they were not working. Reiner would play the straight man interviewer who would set Brooks up as anything from a Tibetan monk to an astronaut. As Reiner explained, "In the evening, we'd go to a party and I'd pick a character for him to play. I never told him what it was going to be."[11] On one of these occasions, Reiner's suggestion was a 2000-year-old man who had witnessed the crucifixion of Jesus Christ (who "came in the store but never bought anything"), had been married several hundred times, and had "over forty-two thousand children, and not one comes to visit me." At first Brooks and Reiner would only perform the routine for friends, but by the late 1950s, it had gained a cult status in New York City. Kenneth Tynan
Kenneth Tynan
saw the comedy duo perform at a party in 1959 and wrote that Brooks "was the most original comic improvisor I had ever seen."[11] In 1960, Brooks moved from New York to Hollywood. He and Reiner began performing the "2000 Year Old Man" act on the Steve Allen Show. Their performances led to the release of the comedy album 2000 Years with Carl Reiner
Carl Reiner
and Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
that sold over a million copies in 1961.[11] They eventually expanded their routine with two more albums in 1961 and 1962, a revival in 1973, a 1975 animated TV special, and a reunion album in 1998. At one point, when Brooks had financial and career struggles, the record sales from the 2000 Year Old Man
2000 Year Old Man
were his chief source of income.[29] Brooks adapted the 2000 Year Old Man
2000 Year Old Man
character to create the 2500 Year Old Brewmaster for Ballantine Beer
Ballantine Beer
in the 1960s. Interviewed by Dick Cavett in a series of ads, the Brewmaster (in a German accent, as opposed to the 2000 Year Old Man's Yiddish accent) said he was inside the original Trojan horse and "could've used a six-pack of fresh air. "[30] In 1962, Brooks wrote the Broadway musical All American. Brooks wrote the play with lyrics by Lee Adams, and music by Charles Strouse. The show starred Ray Bolger
Ray Bolger
as a southern science professor at a large university who uses the principles of engineering on the college's football team and the team begins to win games. The show was directed by Joshua Logan, whose script doctored the second act and added a gay subtext to the plot. The show ran for 80 performances and received two Tony Award
Tony Award
nominations. In 1963, Brooks was involved in the animated short film The Critic, a satire of arty, esoteric cinema, conceived by Brooks and directed by Ernest Pintoff. Brooks supplied running commentary as the baffled moviegoer trying to make sense of the obscure visuals. The short film won the Academy Award
Academy Award
for Animated Short Film. In 1965, Brooks teamed up with comedy writer Buck Henry
Buck Henry
to create a comedic TV show about a bumbling James Bond-inspired spy. Brooks explains, "I was sick of looking at all those nice sensible situation comedies. They were such distortions of life... I wanted to do a crazy, unreal comic-strip kind of thing about something besides a family. No one had ever done a show about an idiot before. I decided to be the first."[31] The show that Brooks and Henry created was Get Smart, starring Don Adams
Don Adams
as Maxwell Smart, Agent 86. This series ran from 1965 until 1970, although Brooks was not involved with its production after the pilot episode. Get Smart
Get Smart
was highly rated for most of its production and won seven Emmy Awards,[32] including Outstanding Comedy Series in 1968 and 1969. Early career as a film director[edit] For several years, Brooks had been toying with a bizarre and unconventional idea about a musical comedy of Adolf Hitler. Brooks explored the idea as a novel and a play before finally writing a script.[11] Eventually, he was able to find two producers to fund the show, Joseph E. Levine
Joseph E. Levine
and Sidney Glazier, and made his first feature film, The Producers, in 1967. The Producers was so brazen in its satire that major studios would not touch it, nor would many exhibitors. Brooks finally found an independent distributor who released it as an art film, a specialized attraction. In 1968, Brooks received an Oscar for Best Original Screenplay for the film, beating such writers as Stanley Kubrick
Stanley Kubrick
and John Cassavetes. The Producers became a smash underground hit, first on the nationwide college circuit, then in revivals and on home video. Brooks later turned it into a musical, which became hugely successful on Broadway, receiving an unprecedented twelve Tony awards. With the moderate financial success of the film The Producers, Glazier financed Brooks' next film in 1970, The Twelve Chairs. Loosely based on a Russian 1928 novel The Twelve Chairs
The Twelve Chairs
by Ilf and Petrov
Ilf and Petrov
about greedy materialism in post-revolutionary Russia, the film stars Ron Moody, Frank Langella, and Dom DeLuise
Dom DeLuise
as three men individually searching for a fortune in diamonds hidden in a set of 12 antique chairs. Brooks makes a cameo appearance as an alcoholic ex-serf who "yearns for the regular beatings of yesteryear." The film was shot in Yugoslavia with a budget of $1.5 million. The film received poor reviews and was not financially successful.[11] Success as a Hollywood
Hollywood
director[edit] Brooks then wrote an adaptation of Oliver Goldsmith's She Stoops to Conquer, but was unable to sell the idea to any studio and believed that his career was over. In 1972, Brooks met agent David Begelman, who helped him set up a deal with Warner Brothers
Warner Brothers
to hire Brooks (as well as Richard Pryor, Andrew Bergman, Norman Steinberg, and Al Uger) as a script doctor for an unproduced script called Tex-X. Eventually, Brooks was hired as director for what would become Blazing Saddles, his third film.[11] Blazing Saddles
Blazing Saddles
starred Cleavon Little, Gene Wilder, Harvey Korman, Slim Pickens, Madeline Kahn, Alex Karras, and Brooks himself, with cameos by Dom DeLuise
Dom DeLuise
and Count Basie. The film had music by Brooks and John Morris, and received a modest budget of $2.6 million. This film is a satire on the Western film
Western film
genre and references older films such as Destry Rides Again, High Noon, Once Upon a Time in the West, and The Treasure of the Sierra Madre, as well as a surreal scene towards the end of the film referencing the extravagant musicals of Busby Berkeley. Upon its release, Blazing Saddles
Blazing Saddles
was the second-highest US grossing film of 1974, earning $119.5 million worldwide. Despite mixed reviews, the film was a success with younger audiences. It was nominated for three Academy Awards: Best Actress in a Supporting Role for Madeline Kahn, Best Film
Film
Editing, and Best Music, Original Song. The film won the Writers Guild of America Award for "Best Comedy Written Directly for the Screen" and in 2006 it was deemed "culturally, historically or aesthetically significant" by the Library of Congress
Library of Congress
and was selected for preservation in the National Film
Film
Registry. Brooks has said that the film "has to do with love more than anything else. I mean when that black guy rides into that Old Western town and even a little old lady says 'Up yours nigger!', you know that his heart is broken. So it's really the story of that heart being mended."[11] When Gene Wilder
Gene Wilder
replaced Gig Young
Gig Young
as the Waco Kid, he did so only if Brooks agreed that his next film would be an idea that Wilder had been working on: a spoof of the old Universal Studios Frankenstein films. After the filming of Blazing Saddles
Blazing Saddles
was completed, Wilder and Brooks began writing the script for Young Frankenstein
Young Frankenstein
and shot the film in the spring of 1974. It starred Wilder, Marty Feldman, Peter Boyle, Teri Garr, Madeline Kahn, Cloris Leachman
Cloris Leachman
and Kenneth Mars, with Gene Hackman in a cameo role. Brooks' voice can be heard three times, first as the wolf howl when the characters are on their way to the castle, second as the voice of Victor Frankenstein
Victor Frankenstein
when the characters discover the laboratory, and third as the cat sound when Gene Wilder accidentally throws a dart out of the window in a scene with Kenneth Mars. Composer John Morris again provided the music score and Universal monsters
Universal monsters
film special effects veteran Kenneth Strickfaden worked on the film. Young Frankenstein
Young Frankenstein
was the third-highest-grossing film domestically of 1974, just behind Blazing Saddles. It earned $86 million worldwide and received two Academy Award
Academy Award
nominations: Academy Award
Academy Award
for Writing Adapted Screenplay and Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Sound. It received some of the best reviews of Brooks' career and even critic Pauline Kael liked the film, saying: "Brooks makes a leap up as a director because, although the comedy doesn't build, he carries the story through...Brooks even has a satisfying windup, which makes this just about the only comedy of recent years that doesn't collapse."[11] In 1975, at the height of his movie career, Brooks tried TV again with When Things Were Rotten, a Robin Hood
Robin Hood
parody that lasted only 13 episodes. Nearly 20 years later, in response to the 1991 hit film Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves, Brooks mounted another Robin Hood parody in 1993 with Robin Hood: Men in Tights. Brooks' film resurrected several pieces of dialogue from his TV series, as well as from earlier Brooks films. In 1976, Brooks followed up his two hit films with an audacious idea: the first feature-length silent comedy in four decades. Silent Movie was written by Brooks and Ron Clark, starring Brooks in his first leading role, Dom DeLuise, Marty Feldman, Sid Caesar, Bernadette Peters, and in cameo roles playing themselves: Paul Newman, Burt Reynolds, James Caan, Liza Minnelli, Anne Bancroft, and with brilliant irony, Marcel Marceau, the man who never speaks, who uttered the film's only word of audible dialogue: "Non!" Although not as successful as his previous two films, Silent Movie
Silent Movie
was a hit and grossed $36 million. Later that year, Brooks was named number 5 on a list of the Top Ten Box Office Stars.[11] In 1977, Brooks made a parody of the films of Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
in High Anxiety. The film was written by Brooks, Ron Clark, Rudy De Luca, and Barry Levinson
Barry Levinson
and was the first movie produced by Brooks himself. It starred Brooks, Madeline Kahn, Cloris Leachman, Harvey Korman, Ron Carey, Howard Morris, and Dick Van Patten. The film satirizes such Hitchcock classic films as Vertigo, Spellbound, Psycho, The Birds, North by Northwest, Dial M for Murder, and Suspicion. Brooks stars as Professor Richard H. (for Harpo) Thorndyke, a Nobel Prize-winning psychologist who also happens to suffer from "high anxiety".[11] Later film career[edit]

Brooks, circa February 1984

By 1980 Siskel and Ebert called Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
and Woody Allen
Woody Allen
"the two most successful comedy directors in the world today ... America's two funniest filmmakers."[33] That year, Brooks produced the dramatic film The Elephant Man (directed by David Lynch). Knowing that anyone seeing a poster reading " Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
presents The Elephant Man" would expect a comedy, he set up the company Brooksfilms. Brooksfilms has since produced a number of non-comedy films, including David Cronenberg's The Fly, Frances, and 84 Charing Cross Road, starring Anthony Hopkins and Anne Bancroft, along with comedies, including Richard Benjamin's My Favorite Year, which was partially based on Mel Brooks' real life. Brooks sought to purchase the rights to 84 Charing Cross Road for his wife, Anne Bancroft, for many years. He also produced the comedy Fatso that Anne Bancroft
Anne Bancroft
directed. In 1981, Brooks joked that the only genres that he had not spoofed were historical epics and Biblical spectacles.[11] History of the World Part I was a tongue-in-cheek look at human culture from the Dawn of Man to the French Revolution. The film was written, produced, and directed by Brooks with narration by Orson Welles. This film was another modest financial hit, earning $31 million. It received mixed critical reviews. Critic Pauline Kael, who for years had been critical of Brooks, said: "Either you get stuck thinking about the bad taste or you let yourself laugh at the obscenity in the humor as you do Buñuel's perverse dirty jokes."[11] In 1983, Brooks produced and starred in (but did not write or direct) a remake of the classic 1942 Ernst Lubitsch
Ernst Lubitsch
film. To Be or Not to Be was directed by Alan Johnson and starred Brooks, Anne Bancroft, Charles Durning, Tim Matheson, Jose Ferrer, and Christopher Lloyd. The film garnered international publicity by featuring a controversial song on its soundtrack – " To Be or Not to Be (The Hitler Rap)
To Be or Not to Be (The Hitler Rap)
– satirizing German society in the 1940s with Brooks playing Hitler. The second movie Brooks directed in the 1980s came in 1987 in the form of Spaceballs, a parody of science fiction, mainly Star Wars. The film starred Bill Pullman, John Candy, Rick Moranis, Daphne Zuniga, Dick Van Patten, Joan Rivers, Dom DeLuise, and Brooks. In 1989, Brooks (with co-executive producer Alan Spencer) made another attempt at television success with the sitcom The Nutt House, which featured Brooks regulars Harvey Korman
Harvey Korman
and Cloris Leachman
Cloris Leachman
and was originally broadcast on NBC, but the network only aired five of the eleven episodes produced before canceling the series. In the 1990s, Brooks directed Life Stinks
Life Stinks
(1991), Robin Hood: Men in Tights (1993), and Dracula: Dead and Loving It (1995). People suggested, "anyone in a mood for a hearty laugh couldn't do better than Robin Hood: Men in Tights, which gave fans a parody of Robin Hood, especially Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves."[34] Like Brooks' other films, it is filled with classic one-liners, and even the occasional breaking of the fourth wall. Robin Hood: Men in Tights was Brooks' second time exploring the life of Robin Hood, the first, as mentioned above, having been with his 1975 TV show, When Things Were Rotten. Life Stinks
Life Stinks
was a financial and critical failure, but is notable as being the only film that Brooks directed that is neither a parody nor a film about other films or theater. (The Twelve Chairs was actually a parody of the original novel.) In the 2000s, Brooks worked on an animated series sequel to Spaceballs
Spaceballs
called Spaceballs: The Animated Series, which premiered on September 21, 2008, on G4 TV. Brooks has also supplied vocal roles for animation. He voiced Bigweld the master inventor, in the 2005 animated film Robots and the 2014 animated film Mr. Peabody & Sherman and had a cameo appearance as Albert Einstein. He returned, to voice Dracula's father, Vlad, in Hotel Transylvania 2
Hotel Transylvania 2
(2015).[35] Musicals[edit]

Brooks with wife Anne Bancroft
Anne Bancroft
at the 1991 Cannes Film
Film
Festival

One of his most recent successes has been the adaptation of his film The Producers to the Broadway stage. The show broke the Tony record with 12 wins, a record that had previously been held for 37 years by Hello, Dolly! at 10 wins. This success led to a big-screen version of the Broadway adaptation/remake with actors Matthew Broderick
Matthew Broderick
and Nathan Lane
Nathan Lane
reprising their stage roles, in addition to new cast members Uma Thurman
Uma Thurman
and Will Ferrell
Will Ferrell
in 2005. In early April 2006, Brooks began composing the score to a Broadway musical adaptation of Young Frankenstein, which he says is "perhaps the best movie [he] ever made. " The world premiere was performed at Seattle's Paramount Theater, between August 7, 2007, and September 1, 2007, after which it opened on Broadway at the former Lyric Theater (then the Hilton Theatre), New York, on October 11, 2007. It earned mixed reviews from the critics. Brooks joked about the concept of a musical adaptation of Blazing Saddles in the final number in Young Frankenstein, in which the full company sings, "next year, Blazing Saddles!" In 2010, Mel Brooks confirmed this, saying that the musical could be finished within a year. No creative team or plan has been announced.[36] Legacy[edit]

Brooks at his Hollywood Walk of Fame
Hollywood Walk of Fame
ceremony, April 2010

Brooks is one of the few people who have received an Oscar, an Emmy, a Tony, and a Grammy.[37] He was awarded his first Grammy for Best Spoken Comedy Album in 1999 for his recording of The 2000 Year Old Man in the Year 2000 with Carl Reiner. His two other Grammys came in 2002 for Best Musical Show Album for the cast album of The Producers and for Best Long Form Music Video for the DVD "Recording the Producers – A Musical Romp with Mel Brooks". He won his first of four Emmy awards in 1967 for Outstanding Writing Achievement in Variety for a Sid Caesar
Sid Caesar
special and went on to win three consecutive Emmys in 1997, 1998, and 1999 for Outstanding Guest Actor in a Comedy Series for his role of Uncle Phil on Mad About You. Brooks won his Academy Award
Academy Award
for Original Screenplay (Oscar) in 1968 for The Producers. He won his three Tony awards in 2001 for his work on the musical, The Producers for Best Musical, Best Original Musical Score, and Best Book
Book
of a Musical. Brooks won a Hugo Award
Hugo Award
and a Nebula Award
Nebula Award
for Young Frankenstein.[citation needed] In a 2005 poll to find The Comedian's Comedian, he was voted No. 50 of the top 50 comedy acts ever by fellow comedians and comedy insiders.[citation needed] The American Film
Film
Institute (AFI) list three of Brooks' films's on their AFI's 100 Years...100 Laughs list: Blazing Saddles
Blazing Saddles
(#6), The Producers (1967 film) (#11), and Young Frankenstein
Young Frankenstein
(#13). On December 5, 2009, Brooks was one of five recipients of the 2009 Kennedy Center Honors
Kennedy Center Honors
at the John F. Kennedy Center
Kennedy Center
for the Performing Arts in Washington, DC.[38] He was inducted into the Hollywood
Hollywood
Walk of Fame on April 23, 2010 with a motion pictures star located at 6712 Hollywood
Hollywood
Boulevard.[39][40] American Masters
American Masters
produced a biography on Brooks which premiered May 20, 2013, on PBS.[41] The AFI presented Brooks with its highest tribute, the AFI Life Achievement Award, in June 2013.[42] In 2014 Brooks was honored in a handprint and footprint ceremony at TCL Chinese Theatre. His concrete handprints include a six-fingered left hand as he wore a prosthetic finger when making his prints.[43] On March 20, 2015, Brooks was awarded a British Film Institute Fellowship from the British Film
Film
Institute.[44] Personal life[edit]

Brooks with son Max in April 2010

Brooks was married to Florence Baum (1926-2008) from 1953 to 1962, their marriage ending in divorce. They had three children: Stephanie, Nicky, and Eddie.[45] Brooks married stage, film and television actress Anne Bancroft
Anne Bancroft
in 1964, and they remained together until her death in 2005.[46] They had met at a rehearsal for the Perry Como Variety Show in 1961, and were married three years later on August 5, 1964, at the Manhattan Marriage Bureau.[46][47] Their son, Max Brooks, was born in 1972,[46] [47] and their grandson, Henry Michael Brooks, was born in 2005. In 2010, Brooks credited Bancroft with having been "the guiding force" behind his involvement in developing The Producers and Young Frankenstein for the musical theater, saying of an early meeting with her: "From that day, until her death…we were glued together."[48] Regarding religion, Brooks stated, "I'm rather secular. I'm basically Jewish. But I think I'm Jewish not because of the Jewish religion at all. I think it's the relationship with the people and the pride I have. The tribe surviving so many misfortunes, and being so brave and contributing so much knowledge to the world and showing courage."[49] Brooks' grandnephew from his brother Lenny, Todd Kaminsky, is a New York state senator for state senate district 9 on Long Island
Long Island
and formerly represented Long Island's state assembly district 20 in the New York State Assembly.[50][51][52] Filmography[edit] Film[edit] As director[edit]

Title Year of release Distributor Rotten Tomatoes
Rotten Tomatoes
rating Budget (estimated) Domestic gross

The Producers 1967 Embassy 91%[53] $0.941 million[54] N/A

The Twelve Chairs 1970 UMC 92%[55] N/A N/A

Blazing Saddles 1974 Warner Bros. 90%[56] $2.6 million $119.6 million[57]

Young Frankenstein 20th Century Fox 93%[58] $2.78 million[59] $86.3 million[60]

Silent Movie 1976 81%[61] $4.1 million[59] $36.1 million[62]

High Anxiety 1977 75%[63] $4 million[59] $31.1 million[64]

History of the World, Pt. I 1981 62%[65] $10 million[59] $31.7 million[66]

Spaceballs 1987 MGM 54%[67] $22.7 million $38.1 million[68]

Life Stinks 1991 19%[69] $13 million[70] $4.1 million[70]

Robin Hood: Men in Tights 1993 20th Century Fox 48%[71] $20 million $35.7 million[72]

Dracula: Dead and Loving It 1995 Columbia 11%[73] $30 million $10.8 million[74]

Other roles[edit]

Year Title Role Notes

1954 New Faces N/A Writer

1963 The Critic Narrator (voice) Short film

1967 The Producers Singer in "Springtime for Hitler" (voice) Also director and writer

1970 The Twelve Chairs Tikon Also director and writer

1974 Blazing Saddles Governor William J. Lepetomane, Indian Chief Also director and writer

1974 Young Frankenstein Werewolf, Cat Hit by Dart, Victor Frankenstein
Victor Frankenstein
(voice) Also director and writer

1975 The Adventure of Sherlock Holmes' Smarter Brother Bruner (voice) Uncredited

1976 Silent Movie Mel Funn Also director and writer

1977 High Anxiety Richard H. Thorndyke Also director, producer, writer

1979 The Muppet Movie Professor Max Krassman

1981 History of the World, Part I Moses, Comicus, Tomas de Torquemada, Louis XVI of France, Jacques le Garçon de Pisse Also director, producer, writer

1983 To Be or Not to Be Dr. Frederick Bronski Also producer

1987 Spaceballs President Skroob, Yogurt Also director, producer, writer

1990 Look Who's Talking Too Mr. Toilet Man (voice)

1991 Life Stinks Goddard Bolt Also director, producer and writer

1992 Mickey's Audition Movie director Short film

1993 Robin Hood: Men in Tights Rabbi Tuckman Also director, producer and writer

1994 The Silence of the Hams Checkout Guest Uncredited

1994 The Little Rascals Mr. Welling

1995 Dracula: Dead and Loving It Dr. Abraham Van Helsing Also director, producer, writer

1998 The Prince of Egypt Additional voices Uncredited

1999 Screw Loose Jake Gordon

2000 Sex, Lies and Video Violence Stressed old man

2005 Robots Bigweld (voice)

2005 The Producers Hilda the Pigeon, Tom the Cat (voices) / Himself Also producer and writer

2008 Get Smart N/A Consultant

2010 Ruby's Studio: The Feelings Show Sally Simon Simmons Narrator (voice)

2014 Mr. Peabody & Sherman Albert Einstein
Albert Einstein
(voice) Cameo

2015 Underdogs The Preacher (voice) Cameo

Hotel Transylvania 2 Vlad (voice)

2017 Leap! M. Luteau (voice) American English dub of an animated French film

The Guardian
The Guardian
Brothers Mr. Rogman (voice) English dub of an animated Chinese film

2018 Blazing Samurai Shogun (voice) Post-production; also executive producer

Hotel Transylvania 3: Summer Vacation Vlad (voice) Post-production

Television[edit]

Year Title Role Notes

1954–57 Caesar's Hour N/A Writer

1961 The New Steve Allen Show 2000 Year Old Man 2 episodes

1965–70 Get Smart N/A Co-creator/character developer

1967 The Sid Caesar, Imogene Coca, Carl Reiner, Howard Morris Special Himself Special

1971–77 The Electric Company Blond-Haired Cartoon Man (voice) 780 episodes

1974 Free to Be... You and Me Baby Boy (voice) Television
Television
film

1975 The 2000 Year Old Man 2000 Year Old Man
2000 Year Old Man
(voice) Special; also writer

1975 When Things Were Rotten N/A Co-creator, executive producer; writer (1 episode)

1983 An Audience with Mel Brooks Himself Special

1989 The Nutt House N/A Co-creator, executive producer; writer (1 episode)

1990 The Tracey Ullman Show Buzz Schlanger Episode: "Due Diligence"

1993 Frasier Tom (voice) Episode: "Miracle on Third or Fourth Street"

1995 The Simpsons Himself (voice) Episode: "Homer vs. Patty and Selma"

1996–99 Mad About You Uncle Phil 4 episodes

2000 The Kids from Room 402 Mr. Miller (voice) Episode: "Squeezed Out"

2002 It's a Very Merry Muppet Christmas Movie Joe Snow (voice) Television
Television
film

2003 The Adventures of Jimmy Neutron: Boy Genius Santa Claus
Santa Claus
(voice) Episode: "Holly Jolly Jimmy"

2003–07 Jakers! The Adventures of Piggley Winks Wiley the Sheep (voice) 47 episodes

2004 Curb Your Enthusiasm Himself 4 episodes

2008–09 Spaceballs: The Animated Series President Skroob, Yogurt (voice) 13 episodes; also co-creator, executive producer, writer

2010 Glenn Martin, DDS Canine (voice) Episode: "A Very Martin Christmas"

2011 Special
Special
Agent Oso Grandpa Mel (voice) Episode: "On Old MacDonald's Special
Special
Song/Snapfingers"

2011 The Paul Reiser Show The Angry Cat (voice) Episode: "The Playdate"

2011 Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
and Dick Cavett
Dick Cavett
Together Again Himself Special

2012 Comedians in Cars Getting Coffee Himself Episode: "I Want Sandwiches, I Want Chicken"

2012 Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
Strikes Back Himself Special

2014 Dora the Explorer Mad Hatter
Mad Hatter
(voice) Episode: "Dora in Wonderland"

2015 Mel Brooks: Live at the Geffen Himself Stand-up
Stand-up
special

2015 The Comedians Himself Episode: "Celebrity Guest"

Theatre[edit]

Year Title Notes

1952 New Faces of 1952 Writer

1957 Shinbone Alley Writer

1962 All-American Writer

2001 The Producers Composer, lyricist, writer, producer

2007 Young Frankenstein Composer, lyricist, writer, producer

Discography[edit] Brooks recorded a rap single "To Be or Not to Be (The Hitler Rap)" which reached number 3 in the Australian charts and number 12 in the UK Singles Chart
UK Singles Chart
in 1984. Awards and nominations[edit] Main article: List of awards and nominations received by Mel Brooks See also[edit]

Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
– book

References[edit]

^ a b c US Army, Corps of Engineers. "Historical Vignette 109 – Mel Brooks Was a Combat Engineer in World War II". Retrieved January 31, 2016.  ^ Parish, pp. 16–17 ^ "Just give me the premise and get out of the way". Toronto Star, October 21, 2016. Josh Rottenberg. ^ "AFI's 100 Years...100 Laughs" (Press release). AFI. June 14, 2000. Retrieved September 5, 2013.  ^ "How to be a Jewish Son—or—My Son the Success!" (video). David Susskind Show. 1970. p. Season 12 : Ep. 7. Retrieved January 26, 2014.  ^ "Mel Brooks". Filmreference.com. Retrieved November 1, 2012.  ^ " Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
Is Always Funny and Often Wise in This 1975 Playboy Interview". The Daily Beast Company LLC. Retrieved July 4, 2015.  ^ "The cinematic Zionism of Mel Brooks". The Jerusalem Post. August 12, 2012. Retrieved January 31, 2017.  ^ a b Brooks, Mel (January 31, 2015). Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
Live at the Geffen ( Television
Television
production). Los Angeles: Brooksfilms; distributed by Home Box Office.  ^ "A Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
Fan Site :: Print: Adelina Magazine February 1980". Brookslyn.com. Retrieved May 4, 2012.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Wakeman, John. World Film Directors, Volume 2. The H.W. Wilson Company. 1988, pp. 162–167. ^ "A Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
Fan Site: Print: Adelina Magazine Feb 1980". Brookslyn.com. Retrieved May 4, 2012.  ^ "Is Jerrod Carmichael the Funniest In His Family?". The Late Late Show with James Corden. CBS. September 25, 2015. Retrieved May 12, 2017.  ^ Robbins, Michael W.; Palitz, Wendy (2001). Brooklyn: A State of Mind. Workman Publishing Company. Retrieved February 17, 2013.  ^ "ASTP Program and Roster, World War II, VMI" (PDF). Retrieved May 4, 2012.  ^ " Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
Blazes Wacky Trail". Weekend Edition Saturday. NPR. May 24, 2008. Retrieved May 4, 2012.  ^ Enk, Bryan. "Real Life Tough Guys". Yahoo.com. Retrieved July 27, 2013.  ^ Brooks, Mel; Kimmel, Jimmy (May 3, 2013). Jimmy Kimmel Live. Season 10. Los Angeles: Jackhole Productions; distributed by ABC and Chum Television.  ^ "8/15/01: Lost Issue Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
Interview 1997". Filmscoremonthly.com. Archived from the original on September 18, 2009. Retrieved May 4, 2012.  ^ " Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
Timeline: 2000 Years of Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
American Masters PBS". American Masters. 2013-02-01. Retrieved 2018-03-15.  ^ "The Amazing Writing Team of Your Show of Shows
Your Show of Shows
- Brothers' Ink Productions". Brothers' Ink Productions. Retrieved 2018-03-15.  ^ "13 Things You Didn't Know About The Dick Van Dyke Show". Neatorama. Retrieved 2018-03-15.  ^ "My Favorite Year: A Mirror for Errol Flynn
Errol Flynn
& Peter O'Toole's Hellraising". Den of Geek. Retrieved 2018-03-15.  ^ Gerard, Jeremy (1993-11-23). "Laughter on the 23rd Floor". Variety. Retrieved 2018-03-15.  ^ "Review: ACT 1 delivers plenty of 'Laughter on the 23rd Floor'". The Tennessean. Retrieved 2018-03-15.  ^ McFadden, Robert D. (2001-06-03). "Imogene Coca, 92, Is Dead; a Partner in One of TV's Most Successful Comedy Teams". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-03-15.  ^ "'Caesar's Hour'…1954-57 – Eyes Of A Generation…Television's Living History". eyesofageneration.com. Retrieved 2018-03-15.  ^ " Carl Reiner
Carl Reiner
American actor and filmmaker". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2018-03-15.  ^ Belth, Alex (February 16, 2014). " Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
Is Always Funny and Often Wise in This 1975 Playboy Interview".  ^ " Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
Interviewed in Playboy, 1966". Ysos.sammigirl.com. Archived from the original on May 12, 2013. Retrieved November 1, 2012.  ^ "Smart Money". Time. October 15, 1965. Retrieved August 30, 2009.  ^ " Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
Emmy Nominated". Emmys.com. Retrieved November 1, 2012.  ^ Siskel, Gene; Ebert, Roger (1980-05-01). "Take 2: Who's Funnier: Mel Brooks or Woody Allen?". Sneak Previews. Season 4. Chicago. PBS.  ^ Novak, Ralph; Gliatto, Tom; Rozen, Leah (August 9, 1993). "Picks and Pans Review: Robin Hood: Men in Tights". People. Retrieved July 11, 2015.  ^ Truitt, Brian (November 25, 2014). " Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
checks in for 'Hotel Transylvania 2'". USA Today. Retrieved July 12, 2015.  ^ "Back on the Horse: Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
Penning Songs for Blazing Saddles Musical". Playbill. March 16, 2010. Archived from the original on September 6, 2012. Retrieved November 1, 2012.  ^ Simonson, Robert (June 4, 2001). "With Producers, Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
Has Won Tony, Oscar, Grammy and Emmy". Playbill. Archived from the original on February 19, 2017. Retrieved January 1, 2010.  ^ " Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
laughs his way to Kennedy Center
Kennedy Center
honor". The Washington Post. December 6, 2009. Retrieved November 1, 2012.  ^ " Hollywood Walk of Fame
Hollywood Walk of Fame
- Mel Brooks". walkoffame.com. Hollywood Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved November 30, 2017.  ^ " Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
gets Hollywood Walk of Fame
Hollywood Walk of Fame
star". MSNBC. Associated Press. April 21, 2010. Retrieved January 14, 2016.  ^ Trachtenberg, Robert (April 4, 2013). "Mel Brooks: Make a Noise". American Masters. Season 27. PBS.  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ Lemire, Christy (October 5, 2012). " Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
to receive AFI life achievement honor". Associated Press. Retrieved September 5, 2013.  ^ Vulpo, Mike (September 9, 2014). " Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
Has 11 Fingers! Beloved Actor Makes an Impression During Hollywood
Hollywood
Cement Ceremony". E!. Retrieved September 10, 2014.  ^ " Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
gets BFI fellowship for comedy career". BBC. Retrieved July 11, 2015.  ^ " Anne Bancroft
Anne Bancroft
and Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
Marriage". about.com. Retrieved May 16, 2013.  ^ a b c Silverman, Stephen M. " Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
and Anne Bancroft
Anne Bancroft
Shared Love and Laughs" People, May 19, 2013 ^ a b Carter, Maria. "How Anne Bancroft
Anne Bancroft
and Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
Kept the Spark Alive for 41 Years" Country Living, August 9, 2017 ^ Carucci, John (February 3, 2010). " Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
Remembers Love Anne Bancroft: 'We Were Glued Together'". The Huffington Post. AP. Retrieved September 5, 2013.  ^ Woods, Sean (June 2013). " Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
Interview on Money, Women, Jokes, and Regret". Men's Journal. Retrieved September 5, 2013. [permanent dead link] ^ Rifilato, Anthony (June 11, 2014). " Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
supports Kaminsky in State Assembly bid". Long Beach Herald. New York. Retrieved July 23, 2015.  ^ "NY State Senate District 9". NY State Senate. New York State Senate. Retrieved May 10, 2016.  ^ "NYS Board of Elections Assembly Election Returns November 4, 2014" (PDF). New York State Board of Elections. New York State Board of Elections. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 28, 2016. Retrieved May 10, 2016.  ^ "The Producers". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved September 7, 2014.  ^ The Making of The Producers. The Guardian. Retrieved April 2, 2013 ^ "The Twelve Chairs". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved September 7, 2014.  ^ "Blazing Saddles". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved September 7, 2014.  ^ " Blazing Saddles
Blazing Saddles
(1974)". Box Office Mojo. Internet Movie Database. Retrieved September 7, 2014.  ^ "Young Frankenstein". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved September 7, 2014.  ^ a b c d Solomon, Aubrey. Twentieth Century Fox: A Corporate and Financial History (The Scarecrow Filmmakers Series). Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press, 1989. ISBN 978-0-8108-4244-1. p257 ^ " Young Frankenstein
Young Frankenstein
(1974)". Box Office Mojo. Internet Movie Database. Retrieved September 7, 2014.  ^ "Silent Movie". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved September 7, 2014.  ^ " Silent Movie
Silent Movie
(1976)". Box Office Mojo. Internet Movie Database. Retrieved September 7, 2014.  ^ "High Anxiety". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved September 7, 2014.  ^ " High Anxiety
High Anxiety
(1977)". Box Office Mojo. Internet Movie Database. Retrieved September 7, 2014.  ^ "History of the World - Part I". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Archived from the original on August 4, 2014. Retrieved September 7, 2014.  ^ "History of the World, Part 1 (1981)". Box Office Mojo. Internet Movie Database. Retrieved September 7, 2014.  ^ "Spaceballs". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved September 7, 2014.  ^ " Spaceballs
Spaceballs
(1987)". Box Office Mojo. Internet Movie Database. Retrieved September 7, 2014.  ^ "Life Stinks". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved September 7, 2014.  ^ a b " Life Stinks
Life Stinks
(1991)". Box Office Mojo. Internet Movie Database. Retrieved September 7, 2014.  ^ "Robin Hood: Men in Tights". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved September 7, 2014.  ^ "Robin Hood: Men in Tights (1993)". Box Office Mojo. Internet Movie Database. Retrieved September 7, 2014.  ^ " Dracula
Dracula
- Dead and Loving It". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved September 7, 2014.  ^ "Dracula: Dead and Loving It (1995)". Box Office Mojo. Internet Movie Database. Retrieved September 7, 2014. 

Further reading[edit]

Adler, Bill, and Jeffrey Feinman. Mel Brooks: The Irreverent Funnyman. Chicago: Playboy Press, 1976. OCLC 3121552. Crick, Robert A. The Big Screen Comedies of Mel Brooks. Jefferson, N.C: McFarland, 2002. ISBN 978-0-7864-1033-0. OCLC 49991416. Holtzman, William. Seesaw, a Dual Biography of Anne Bancroft
Anne Bancroft
and Mel Brooks. Garden City, N.Y: Doubleday, 1979. ISBN 978-0-385-13076-9. . Parish, James Robert. It's Good to Be the King: The Seriously Funny Life of Mel Brooks. Hoboken, N.J: Wiley, 2007. ISBN 978-0-471-75267-7. OCLC 69331761. Symons, Alex. Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
in the Cultural Industries: Survival and Prolonged Adaptation. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2012. ISBN 978-0-7486-4958-7. OCLC 806201078. Yacowar, Maurice. Method in Madness: The Comic Art of Mel Brooks. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1981. ISBN 978-0-312-53142-3. OCLC 7556005.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mel Brooks.

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Mel Brooks

Official website Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
at Encyclopædia Britannica Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
on IMDb Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
at the TCM Movie Database Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
at the Internet Broadway Database Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
– Box Office Data Movie Director at The Numbers Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
– Box Office Data Movie Star at The Numbers "The Films of Mel Brooks" on YouTube, video compilation of film clips, 5 minutes Interview with Brooks on NPR's Fresh Air
Fresh Air
(March 16, 2005) TonyAwards.com Interview with Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
at Tony Awards site Interview with Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
biographer James Robert Parish Photographs and literature Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
at Emmys.com Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
interview on BBC Radio 4 Desert Island Discs, July 4, 1978

v t e

Mel Brooks

Awards and nominations

Films directed

The Producers (1967) The Twelve Chairs
The Twelve Chairs
(1970) Blazing Saddles
Blazing Saddles
(1974) Young Frankenstein
Young Frankenstein
(1974) Silent Movie
Silent Movie
(1976) High Anxiety
High Anxiety
(1977) History of the World, Part I
History of the World, Part I
(1981) Spaceballs
Spaceballs
(1987) Life Stinks
Life Stinks
(1991) Robin Hood: Men in Tights (1993) Dracula: Dead and Loving It (1995)

Films produced

To Be or Not to Be (1983) 84 Charing Cross Road (1987) The Producers (2005)

Television
Television
series created

Get Smart
Get Smart
(1965–1970) When Things Were Rotten
When Things Were Rotten
(1975) The Nutt House (1989) Spaceballs: The Animated Series (2008–2009)

Musicals written for the stage

Shinbone Alley
Shinbone Alley
(1957) All-American (1962) The Producers (2001) Young Frankenstein
Young Frankenstein
(2007)

Awards for Mel Brooks

v t e

Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Original Screenplay

1940–1960

Preston Sturges
Preston Sturges
(1940) Herman J. Mankiewicz
Herman J. Mankiewicz
and Orson Welles
Orson Welles
(1941) Michael Kanin
Michael Kanin
and Ring Lardner Jr.
Ring Lardner Jr.
(1942) Norman Krasna (1943) Lamar Trotti (1944) Richard Schweizer (1945) Muriel Box and Sydney Box (1946) Sidney Sheldon (1947) No award (1948) Robert Pirosh (1949) Charles Brackett, D. M. Marshman Jr. and Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1950) Alan Jay Lerner
Alan Jay Lerner
(1951) T. E. B. Clarke (1952) Charles Brackett, Richard L. Breen and Walter Reisch (1953) Budd Schulberg
Budd Schulberg
(1954) Sonya Levien and William Ludwig (1955) Albert Lamorisse
Albert Lamorisse
(1956) George Wells (1957) Nathan E. Douglas and Harold Jacob Smith (1958) Clarence Greene, Maurice Richlin, Russell Rouse and Stanley Shapiro (1959) I. A. L. Diamond and Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1960)

1961–1980

William Inge
William Inge
(1961) Ennio de Concini, Pietro Germi, and Alfredo Giannetti (1962) James Webb (1963) Peter Stone and Frank Tarloff (1964) Frederic Raphael (1965) Claude Lelouch
Claude Lelouch
and Pierre Uytterhoeven (1966) William Rose (1967) Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
(1968) William Goldman
William Goldman
(1969) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
and Edmund H. North (1970) Paddy Chayefsky
Paddy Chayefsky
(1971) Jeremy Larner (1972) David S. Ward
David S. Ward
(1973) Robert Towne
Robert Towne
(1974) Frank Pierson
Frank Pierson
(1975) Paddy Chayefsky
Paddy Chayefsky
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
and Marshall Brickman (1977) Robert C. Jones, Waldo Salt, and Nancy Dowd (1978) Steve Tesich
Steve Tesich
(1979) Bo Goldman
Bo Goldman
(1980)

1981–2000

Colin Welland (1981) John Briley (1982) Horton Foote (1983) Robert Benton (1984) William Kelley, Pamela Wallace and Earl W. Wallace (1985) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1986) John Patrick Shanley
John Patrick Shanley
(1987) Ronald Bass and Barry Morrow (1988) Tom Schulman (1989) Bruce Joel Rubin (1990) Callie Khouri
Callie Khouri
(1991) Neil Jordan
Neil Jordan
(1992) Jane Campion
Jane Campion
(1993) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
and Roger Avary
Roger Avary
(1994) Christopher McQuarrie
Christopher McQuarrie
(1995) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (1996) Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck
and Matt Damon
Matt Damon
(1997) Marc Norman and Tom Stoppard
Tom Stoppard
(1998) Alan Ball (1999) Cameron Crowe
Cameron Crowe
(2000)

2001–present

Julian Fellowes
Julian Fellowes
(2001) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(2002) Sofia Coppola
Sofia Coppola
(2003) Pierre Bismuth, Michel Gondry
Michel Gondry
and Charlie Kaufman
Charlie Kaufman
(2004) Paul Haggis
Paul Haggis
and Bobby Moresco (2005) Michael Arndt
Michael Arndt
(2006) Diablo Cody
Diablo Cody
(2007) Dustin Lance Black
Dustin Lance Black
(2008) Mark Boal
Mark Boal
(2009) David Seidler (2010) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(2011) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(2012) Spike Jonze
Spike Jonze
(2013) Alejandro G. Iñárritu, Nicolás Giacobone, Alexander Dinelaris Jr., and Armando Bo (2014) Tom McCarthy and Josh Singer (2015) Kenneth Lonergan
Kenneth Lonergan
(2016) Jordan Peele
Jordan Peele
(2017)

v t e

AFI Life Achievement Award

John Ford
John Ford
(1973) James Cagney
James Cagney
(1974) Orson Welles
Orson Welles
(1975) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1976) Bette Davis
Bette Davis
(1977) Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
(1978) Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
(1979) James Stewart
James Stewart
(1980) Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
(1981) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1982) John Huston
John Huston
(1983) Lillian Gish
Lillian Gish
(1984) Gene Kelly
Gene Kelly
(1985) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1986) Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
(1987) Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
(1988) Gregory Peck
Gregory Peck
(1989) David Lean
David Lean
(1990) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
(1991) Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
(1992) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1993) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1994) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1995) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1996) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1997) Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1998) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(1999) Harrison Ford
Harrison Ford
(2000) Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(2001) Tom Hanks
Tom Hanks
(2002) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(2003) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2004) George Lucas
George Lucas
(2005) Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(2006) Al Pacino
Al Pacino
(2007) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(2008) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(2009) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(2010) Morgan Freeman
Morgan Freeman
(2011) Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
(2012) Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
(2013) Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
(2014) Steve Martin
Steve Martin
(2015) John Williams
John Williams
(2016) Diane Keaton
Diane Keaton
(2017) George Clooney
George Clooney
(2018)

v t e

BAFTA Fellowship recipients

1971–2000

Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
(1971) Freddie Young (1972) Grace Wyndham Goldie (1973) David Lean
David Lean
(1974) Jacques Cousteau
Jacques Cousteau
(1975) Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1976) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1976) Denis Forman (1977) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1978) Lew Grade
Lew Grade
(1979) Huw Wheldon
Huw Wheldon
(1979) David Attenborough
David Attenborough
(1980) John Huston
John Huston
(1980) Abel Gance
Abel Gance
(1981) Michael Powell
Michael Powell
& Emeric Pressburger
Emeric Pressburger
(1981) Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(1982) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1983) Hugh Greene (1984) Sam Spiegel
Sam Spiegel
(1984) Jeremy Isaacs (1985) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1986) Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
(1987) Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
(1988) Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1989) Paul Fox (1990) Louis Malle
Louis Malle
(1991) John Gielgud
John Gielgud
(1992) David Plowright (1992) Sydney Samuelson (1993) Colin Young (1993) Michael Grade
Michael Grade
(1994) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1995) Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(1996) Ronald Neame
Ronald Neame
(1996) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1996) Maggie Smith
Maggie Smith
(1996) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1997) Steven Bochco
Steven Bochco
(1997) Julie Christie
Julie Christie
(1997) Oswald Morris (1997) Harold Pinter
Harold Pinter
(1997) David Rose (1997) Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(1998) Bill Cotton
Bill Cotton
(1998) Eric Morecambe
Eric Morecambe
& Ernie Wise
Ernie Wise
(1999) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1999) Michael Caine
Michael Caine
(2000) Stanley Kubrick
Stanley Kubrick
(2000) Peter Bazalgette
Peter Bazalgette
(2000)

2001–present

Albert Finney
Albert Finney
(2001) John Thaw
John Thaw
(2001) Judi Dench
Judi Dench
(2001) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(2002) Merchant Ivory Productions (2002) Andrew Davies (2002) John Mills
John Mills
(2002) Saul Zaentz
Saul Zaentz
(2003) David Jason (2003) John Boorman
John Boorman
(2004) Roger Graef (2004) John Barry (2005) David Frost
David Frost
(2005) David Puttnam
David Puttnam
(2006) Ken Loach
Ken Loach
(2006) Anne V. Coates (2007) Richard Curtis
Richard Curtis
(2007) Will Wright (2007) Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins
(2008) Bruce Forsyth
Bruce Forsyth
(2008) Dawn French
Dawn French
& Jennifer Saunders
Jennifer Saunders
(2009) Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
(2009) Nolan Bushnell
Nolan Bushnell
(2009) Vanessa Redgrave
Vanessa Redgrave
(2010) Shigeru Miyamoto
Shigeru Miyamoto
(2010) Melvyn Bragg
Melvyn Bragg
(2010) Christopher Lee
Christopher Lee
(2011) Peter Molyneux
Peter Molyneux
(2011) Trevor McDonald (2011) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2012) Rolf Harris
Rolf Harris
(2012) Alan Parker
Alan Parker
(2013) Gabe Newell
Gabe Newell
(2013) Michael Palin
Michael Palin
(2013) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2014) Rockstar Games
Rockstar Games
(2014) Julie Walters
Julie Walters
(2014) Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(2015) David Braben (2015) Jon Snow (2015) Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
(2016) John Carmack
John Carmack
(2016) Ray Galton & Alan Simpson (2016) Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
(2017) Joanna Lumley
Joanna Lumley
(2017) Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
(2018)

v t e

Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Book
Book
of a Musical

George Furth (1970) Burt Shevelove (1971) John Guare
John Guare
and Mel Shapiro (1972) Hugh Wheeler (1973) Hugh Wheeler (1974) James Kirkwood and Nicholas Dante (1976) Thomas Meehan (1977) Hugh Wheeler (1979) James Lapine
James Lapine
(1984) Jerry Colker (1985) Rupert Holmes (1986) L. Arthur Rose, Douglas Furber, Stephen Fry
Stephen Fry
and Mike Ockrent
Mike Ockrent
(1987) James Lapine
James Lapine
(1988) Larry Gelbart
Larry Gelbart
(1990) Marsha Norman
Marsha Norman
(1991) George C. Wolfe
George C. Wolfe
(1992) James Lapine
James Lapine
(1994) Jonathan Larson (1996) Terrence McNally
Terrence McNally
(1998) Alfred Uhry
Alfred Uhry
(1999) Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
and Thomas Meehan (2001) John Lahr and Elaine Stritch
Elaine Stritch
(2002) Mark O'Donnell
Mark O'Donnell
and Thomas Meehan (2003) Winnie Holzman (2004) Rachel Sheinkin (2005) Bob Martin and Don McKellar
Don McKellar
(2006) Rupert Holmes and Peter Stone (2007) Douglas Carter Beane (2008) Lee Hall (2009) Alex Timbers (2010) Adam Mathias (2011) Joe DiPietro (2012) Dennis Kelly (2013) Robert L. Freedman (2014) Lin-Manuel Miranda
Lin-Manuel Miranda
(2015) John Caird (2016) Irene Sankoff and David Hein (2017)

v t e

Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Lyrics

Fred Ebb
Fred Ebb
(1969) Stephen Sondheim/ Bertolt Brecht
Bertolt Brecht
(1970) Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1971) John Guare
John Guare
(1972) Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1973) Al Carmines (1974) Charlie Smalls
Charlie Smalls
(1975) Edward Kleban (1976) Martin Charnin (1977) Carol Hall (1978) Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1979) Tim Rice
Tim Rice
(1980) Stephen Sondheim/ Maury Yeston (1982) Howard Ashman (1983) Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1984) Roger Miller
Roger Miller
(1985) Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1988) David Zippel (1990) William Finn
William Finn
(1991) Susan Birkenhead (1992) Denis Markell and Douglas Bernstein (1993) Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1994) Jonathan Larson (1996) Gerard Alessandrini
Gerard Alessandrini
(1997) Lynn Ahrens (1998) Gerard Alessandrini
Gerard Alessandrini
(1999) Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(2000) Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
(2001) Jason Robert Brown
Jason Robert Brown
(2002) Scott Wittman and Marc Shaiman
Marc Shaiman
(2003) Stephen Schwartz (2004) Eric Idle
Eric Idle
(2005) Lisa Lambert and Greg Morrison (2006) Steven Sater (2007) Stew (2008) Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(2009) John Kander and Fred Ebb
Fred Ebb
(2010) Trey Parker, Robert Lopez
Robert Lopez
and Matt Stone
Matt Stone
(2011) Glen Hansard
Glen Hansard
and Markéta Irglová
Markéta Irglová
(2012) Tim Minchin
Tim Minchin
(2013) Robert L. Freedman and Steven Lutvak (2014) Lin-Manuel Miranda
Lin-Manuel Miranda
(2015) Benj Pasek and Justin Paul (2016) David Yazbek (2017)

v t e

Primetime Emmy Award
Emmy Award
for Outstanding Guest Actor in a Comedy Series

Roscoe Lee Browne
Roscoe Lee Browne
(1986) John Cleese
John Cleese
(1987) Cleavon Little
Cleavon Little
(1989) Jay Thomas
Jay Thomas
(1990) Jay Thomas
Jay Thomas
(1991) No Award (1992) David Clennon (1993) Martin Sheen
Martin Sheen
(1994) Carl Reiner
Carl Reiner
(1995) Tim Conway
Tim Conway
(1996) Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
(1997) Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
(1998) Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
(1999) Bruce Willis
Bruce Willis
(2000) Derek Jacobi
Derek Jacobi
(2001) Anthony LaPaglia
Anthony LaPaglia
(2002) Gene Wilder
Gene Wilder
(2003) John Turturro
John Turturro
(2004) Bobby Cannavale
Bobby Cannavale
(2005) Leslie Jordan
Leslie Jordan
(2006) Stanley Tucci
Stanley Tucci
(2007) Tim Conway
Tim Conway
(2008) Justin Timberlake
Justin Timberlake
(2009) Neil Patrick Harris
Neil Patrick Harris
(2010) Justin Timberlake
Justin Timberlake
(2011) Jimmy Fallon
Jimmy Fallon
(2012) Bob Newhart
Bob Newhart
(2013) Jimmy Fallon
Jimmy Fallon
(2014) Bradley Whitford
Bradley Whitford
(2015) Peter Scolari (2016) Dave Chappelle
Dave Chappelle
(2017)

v t e

Primetime Emmy Award
Emmy Award
for Outstanding Writing for a Variety Series (1957–69)

Billy Friedberg, Nat Hiken, Coleman Jacoby, Arnold Rosen, Leonard Stern and Tony Webster (1957) No award (1958–1963) Sam Denoff, Bill Persky and Carl Reiner
Carl Reiner
(1964) No award (1965) Hal Goldman, Al Gordon and Sheldon Keller (1966) Mel Brooks, Sam Denoff, Bill Persky, Carl Reiner
Carl Reiner
and Mel Tolkin (1967) Chris Bearde, Phil Hahn, Jack Hanrahan, Coslough Johnson, Paul Keyes, Marc London, Allan Manings, David Panich, Hugh Wedlock and Digby Wolfe (1968) Allan Blye, Bob Einstein, Carl Gottlieb, Cy Howard, Steve Martin, Jerry Music, Murray Roman, Cecil Tuck, Paul Wayne and Mason Williams (1969)

Complete list (1957–1969) (1970–1979) (1980–1989) (1990–1999) (2000–2009) (2010–2019)

v t e

Kennedy Center
Kennedy Center
Honorees (2000s)

2000

Mikhail Baryshnikov Chuck Berry Plácido Domingo Clint Eastwood Angela Lansbury

2001

Julie Andrews Van Cliburn Quincy Jones Jack Nicholson Luciano Pavarotti

2002

James Earl Jones James Levine Chita Rivera Paul Simon Elizabeth Taylor

2003

James Brown Carol Burnett Loretta Lynn Mike Nichols Itzhak Perlman

2004

Warren Beatty Ossie Davis
Ossie Davis
& Ruby Dee Elton John Joan Sutherland John Williams

2005

Tony Bennett Suzanne Farrell Julie Harris Robert Redford Tina Turner

2006

Zubin Mehta Dolly Parton Smokey Robinson Steven Spielberg Andrew Lloyd Webber

2007

Leon Fleisher Steve Martin Diana Ross Martin Scorsese Brian Wilson

2008

Morgan Freeman George Jones Barbra Streisand Twyla Tharp Pete Townshend
Pete Townshend
& Roger Daltrey

2009

Mel Brooks Dave Brubeck Grace Bumbry Robert De Niro Bruce Springsteen

Complete list 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s

v t e

Nebula Award
Nebula Award
for Best Script/Ray Bradbury Award

Nebula Award
Nebula Award
for Best Script

Soylent Green
Soylent Green
– Stanley R. Greenberg (1973) Sleeper – Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1974) Young Frankenstein
Young Frankenstein
Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
and Gene Wilder
Gene Wilder
(1975) Star Wars
Star Wars
George Lucas
George Lucas
(1977) The Sixth Sense M. Night Shyamalan
M. Night Shyamalan
(1999) Galaxy Quest
Galaxy Quest
– David Howard and Robert Gordon (2000) Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon
Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon
James Schamus, Kuo Jung Tsai, and Hui-Ling Wang (2001) The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring – Fran Walsh, Philippa Boyens, and Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2002) The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers – Fran Walsh, Philippa Boyens, Stephen Sinclair, and Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King – Fran Walsh, Philippa Boyens, and Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2004) Serenity – Joss Whedon
Joss Whedon
(2005) Howl's Moving Castle – Hayao Miyazaki, Cindy Davis Hewitt, and Donald H. Hewitt (2006) Pan's Labyrinth
Pan's Labyrinth
Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
(2007) WALL-E
WALL-E
– Andrew Stanton, Jim Reardon, and Pete Docter
Pete Docter
(2008)

Ray Bradbury Award for Outstanding Dramatic Presentation

Terminator 2: Judgment Day – James Cameron
James Cameron
(1992) Babylon 5 J. Michael Straczynski
J. Michael Straczynski
(1999) 2000X
2000X
– Tales of the Next Millennia – Yuri Rasovsky and Harlan Ellison (2001) Joss Whedon
Joss Whedon
(2008) District 9
District 9
Neill Blomkamp
Neill Blomkamp
and Terri Tatchell
Terri Tatchell
(2009) Inception
Inception
Christopher Nolan
Christopher Nolan
(2010) Doctor Who: "The Doctor's Wife" – Richard Clark and Neil Gaiman (2011) Beasts of the Southern Wild – Benh Zeitlin, Lucy Alibar (2012) Gravity – Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
and Jonás Cuarón (2013) Guardians of the Galaxy – James Gunn
James Gunn
and Nicole Perlman (2014) Mad Max: Fury Road – George Miller, Brendan McCarthy, and Nico Lathouris (2015) Arrival – Eric Heisserer (2016)

v t e

Saturn Award for Best Director

Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
(1974/75) Dan Curtis (1976) George Lucas/ Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1977) Philip Kaufman
Philip Kaufman
(1978) Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
(1979) Irvin Kershner
Irvin Kershner
(1980) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1981) Nicholas Meyer
Nicholas Meyer
(1982) John Badham (1983) Joe Dante
Joe Dante
(1984) Ron Howard
Ron Howard
(1985) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1986) Paul Verhoeven
Paul Verhoeven
(1987) Robert Zemeckis
Robert Zemeckis
(1988) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1989/90) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1991) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1994) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(1995) Roland Emmerich
Roland Emmerich
(1996) John Woo
John Woo
(1997) Michael Bay
Michael Bay
(1998) Andy Wachowski and Larry Wachowski (1999) Bryan Singer
Bryan Singer
(2000) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2001) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Sam Raimi
Sam Raimi
(2004) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2005) Bryan Singer
Bryan Singer
(2006) Zack Snyder
Zack Snyder
(2007) Jon Favreau
Jon Favreau
(2008) James Cameron
James Cameron
(2009) Christopher Nolan
Christopher Nolan
(2010) J. J. Abrams
J. J. Abrams
(2011) Joss Whedon
Joss Whedon
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) James Gunn
James Gunn
(2014) Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
(2015) Gareth Edwards (2016)

v t e

Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Original Score

1947-1975

Street Scene by Kurt Weill
Kurt Weill
(1947) Kiss Me, Kate
Kiss Me, Kate
by Cole Porter
Cole Porter
(1949) South Pacific by Richard Rodgers
Richard Rodgers
(1950) Call Me Madam
Call Me Madam
by Irving Berlin
Irving Berlin
(1951) No Strings
No Strings
by Richard Rodgers
Richard Rodgers
(1962) Oliver!
Oliver!
by Lionel Bart
Lionel Bart
(1963) Hello, Dolly! by Jerry Herman
Jerry Herman
(1964) Fiddler on the Roof
Fiddler on the Roof
by Jerry Bock
Jerry Bock
and Sheldon Harnick
Sheldon Harnick
(1965) Man of La Mancha
Man of La Mancha
by Mitch Leigh
Mitch Leigh
and Joe Darion (1966) Cabaret by John Kander and Fred Ebb
Fred Ebb
(1967) Hallelujah, Baby!
Hallelujah, Baby!
by Jule Styne, Betty Comden, and Adolph Green
Adolph Green
(1968) Company by Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1971) Follies
Follies
by Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1972) A Little Night Music
A Little Night Music
by Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1973) Gigi by Frederick Loewe and Alan Jay Lerner
Alan Jay Lerner
(1974) The Wiz
The Wiz
by Charlie Smalls
Charlie Smalls
(1975)

1976-2000

A Chorus Line
A Chorus Line
by Marvin Hamlisch
Marvin Hamlisch
and Edward Kleban (1976) Annie by Charles Strouse
Charles Strouse
and Martin Charnin (1977) On the Twentieth Century by Cy Coleman, Betty Comden, and Adolph Green (1978) Sweeney Todd
Sweeney Todd
by Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1979) Evita by Andrew Lloyd Webber
Andrew Lloyd Webber
and Tim Rice
Tim Rice
(1980) Woman of the Year by John Kander and Fred Ebb
Fred Ebb
(1981) Nine by Maury Yeston (1982) Cats by Andrew Lloyd Webber
Andrew Lloyd Webber
and T. S. Eliot
T. S. Eliot
(1983) La Cage aux Folles by Jerry Herman
Jerry Herman
(1984) Big River by Roger Miller
Roger Miller
(1985) Drood
Drood
by Rupert Holmes (1986) Les Misérables by Claude-Michel Schönberg, Herbert Kretzmer, and Alain Boublil (1987) Into the Woods
Into the Woods
by Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1988) City of Angels by Cy Coleman
Cy Coleman
and David Zippel (1990) The Will Rogers Follies
Follies
by Cy Coleman, Betty Comden, and Adolph Green (1991) Falsettos by William Finn
William Finn
(1992) Kiss of the Spider Woman by John Kander and Fred Ebb
Fred Ebb
/ The Who's Tommy by Pete Townshend
Pete Townshend
(1993) Passion by Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1994) Sunset Boulevard by Andrew Lloyd Webber, Don Black, and Christopher Hampton (1995) Rent by Jonathan Larson (1996) Titanic by Maury Yeston (1997) Ragtime by Stephen Flaherty and Lynn Ahrens (1998) Parade by Jason Robert Brown
Jason Robert Brown
(1999) Aida by Elton John
Elton John
and Tim Rice
Tim Rice
(2000)

2001-present

The Producers by Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
(2001) Urinetown
Urinetown
by Mark Hollmann and Greg Kotis (2002) Hairspray by Marc Shaiman
Marc Shaiman
and Scott Wittman (2003) Avenue Q
Avenue Q
by Robert Lopez
Robert Lopez
and Jeff Marx
Jeff Marx
(2004) The Light in the Piazza by Adam Guettel
Adam Guettel
(2005) The Drowsy Chaperone
The Drowsy Chaperone
by Lisa Lambert and Greg Morrison (2006) Spring Awakening by Duncan Sheik
Duncan Sheik
and Steven Sater (2007) In the Heights
In the Heights
by Lin-Manuel Miranda
Lin-Manuel Miranda
(2008) Next to Normal
Next to Normal
by Tom Kitt and Brian Yorkey (2009) Memphis by David Bryan
David Bryan
and Joe DiPietro (2010) The Book
Book
of Mormon by Trey Parker, Robert Lopez
Robert Lopez
and Matt Stone
Matt Stone
(2011) Newsies by Alan Menken
Alan Menken
and Jack Feldman (2012) Kinky Boots by Cyndi Lauper
Cyndi Lauper
(2013) The Bridges of Madison County by Jason Robert Brown
Jason Robert Brown
(2014) Fun Home by Jeanine Tesori and Lisa Kron (2015) Hamilton by Lin-Manuel Miranda
Lin-Manuel Miranda
(2016) Dear Evan Hansen
Dear Evan Hansen
by Benj Pasek and Justin Paul (2017)

v t e

Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Book
Book
of a Musical

1950–1975

South Pacific by Oscar Hammerstein II
Oscar Hammerstein II
and Joshua Logan (1950) Hello, Dolly! by Michael Stewart (1964) Fiddler on the Roof
Fiddler on the Roof
by Joseph Stein (1965) Company by George Furth (1971) Two Gentlemen of Verona by John Guare
John Guare
and Mel Shapiro (1972) A Little Night Music
A Little Night Music
by Hugh Wheeler (1973) Candide by Hugh Wheeler (1974) Shenandoah by James Lee Barrett, Peter Udell and Philip Rose (1975)

1976–2000

A Chorus Line
A Chorus Line
by James Kirkwood Jr. and Nicholas Dante (1976) Annie by Thomas Meehan (1977) On the Twentieth Century by Betty Comden
Betty Comden
and Adolph Green
Adolph Green
(1978) Sweeney Todd
Sweeney Todd
by Hugh Wheeler (1979) Evita by Tim Rice
Tim Rice
(1980) Woman of the Year by Peter Stone (1981) Dreamgirls by Tom Eyen (1982) Cats by T. S. Eliot
T. S. Eliot
(1983) La Cage aux Folles by Harvey Fierstein
Harvey Fierstein
(1984) Big River by William Hauptman (1985) Drood
Drood
by Rupert Holmes (1986) Les Misérables by Alain Boublil and Claude-Michel Schönberg (1987) Into the Woods
Into the Woods
by James Lapine
James Lapine
(1988) No Award (1989) City of Angels by Larry Gelbart
Larry Gelbart
(1990) The Secret Garden by Marsha Norman
Marsha Norman
(1991) Falsettos by William Finn
William Finn
and James Lapine
James Lapine
(1992) Kiss of the Spider Woman by Terrence McNally
Terrence McNally
(1993) Passion by James Lapine
James Lapine
(1994) Sunset Boulevard by Don Black and Christopher Hampton
Christopher Hampton
(1995) Rent by Jonathan Larson (1996) Titanic by Peter Stone (1997) Ragtime by Terrence McNally
Terrence McNally
(1998) Parade by Alfred Uhry
Alfred Uhry
(1999) James Joyce's The Dead
James Joyce's The Dead
by Richard Nelson (2000)

2001–present

The Producers by Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
and Thomas Meehan (2001) Urinetown
Urinetown
by Greg Kotis (2002) Hairspray by Thomas Meehan and Mark O'Donnell
Mark O'Donnell
(2003) Avenue Q
Avenue Q
by Jeff Whitty (2004) The 25th Annual Putnam County Spelling Bee
The 25th Annual Putnam County Spelling Bee
by Rachel Sheinkin (2005) The Drowsy Chaperone
The Drowsy Chaperone
by Bob Martin and Don McKellar
Don McKellar
(2006) Spring Awakening by Steven Sater (2007) Passing Strange by Stew (2008) Billy Elliot the Musical
Billy Elliot the Musical
by Lee Hall (2009) Memphis by Joe DiPietro (2010) The Book
Book
of Mormon by Trey Parker, Robert Lopez
Robert Lopez
and Matt Stone
Matt Stone
(2011) Once by Enda Walsh
Enda Walsh
(2012) Matilda the Musical
Matilda the Musical
by Dennis Kelly (2013) A Gentleman's Guide to Love and Murder
A Gentleman's Guide to Love and Murder
by Robert L. Freedman (2014) Fun Home by Lisa Kron (2015) Hamilton by Lin-Manuel Miranda
Lin-Manuel Miranda
(2016) Dear Evan Hansen
Dear Evan Hansen
by Steven Levenson (2017)

v t e

Writers Guild of America Award for Best Original Screenplay

Original Drama (1969–1983, retired)

William Goldman
William Goldman
(1969) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
and Edmund H. North (1970) Penelope Gilliatt (1971) Jeremy Larner (1972) Steve Shagan (1973) Robert Towne
Robert Towne
(1974) Frank Pierson
Frank Pierson
(1975) Paddy Chayefsky
Paddy Chayefsky
(1976) Arthur Laurents
Arthur Laurents
(1977) Nancy Dowd, Robert C. Jones and Waldo Salt (1978) Mike Gray, T. S. Cook and James Bridges (1979) Bo Goldman
Bo Goldman
(1980) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
and Trevor Griffiths (1981) Melissa Mathison
Melissa Mathison
(1982) Horton Foote (1983)

Original Comedy (1969–1983, retired)

Paul Mazursky
Paul Mazursky
and Larry Tucker (1969) Neil Simon
Neil Simon
(1970) Paddy Chayefsky
Paddy Chayefsky
(1971) Peter Bogdanovich, Buck Henry, David Newman and Robert Benton (1972) Melvin Frank and Jack Rose (1973) Mel Brooks, Norman Steinberg, Andrew Bergman, Richard Pryor
Richard Pryor
and Alan Uger (1974) Robert Towne
Robert Towne
and Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1975) Bill Lancaster
Bill Lancaster
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
and Marshall Brickman (1977) Larry Gelbart
Larry Gelbart
and Sheldon Keller (1978) Steve Tesich
Steve Tesich
(1979) Nancy Meyers, Harvey Miller and Charles Shyer
Charles Shyer
(1980) Steve Gordon (1981) Don McGuire, Larry Gelbart
Larry Gelbart
and Murray Schisgal (1982) Lawrence Kasdan
Lawrence Kasdan
and Barbara Benedek (1983)

Original Screenplay (1984–present)

Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1984) William Kelley and Earl W. Wallace (1985) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1986) John Patrick Shanley
John Patrick Shanley
(1987) Ron Shelton (1988) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1989) Barry Levinson
Barry Levinson
(1990) Callie Khouri
Callie Khouri
(1991) Neil Jordan
Neil Jordan
(1992) Jane Campion
Jane Campion
(1993) Richard Curtis
Richard Curtis
(1994) Randall Wallace (1995) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (1996) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
and Mark Andrus (1997) Marc Norman and Tom Stoppard
Tom Stoppard
(1998) Alan Ball (1999) Kenneth Lonergan
Kenneth Lonergan
(2000) Julian Fellowes
Julian Fellowes
(2001) Michael Moore
Michael Moore
(2002) Sofia Coppola
Sofia Coppola
(2003) Charlie Kaufman
Charlie Kaufman
(2004) Paul Haggis
Paul Haggis
and Bobby Moresco (2005) Michael Arndt
Michael Arndt
(2006) Diablo Cody
Diablo Cody
(2007) Dustin Lance Black
Dustin Lance Black
(2008) Mark Boal
Mark Boal
(2009) Christopher Nolan
Christopher Nolan
(2010) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(2011) Mark Boal
Mark Boal
(2012) Spike Jonze
Spike Jonze
(2013) Wes Anderson
Wes Anderson
and Hugo Guinness (2014) Tom McCarthy and Josh Singer (2015) Barry Jenkins
Barry Jenkins
and Tarell Alvin McCraney
Tarell Alvin McCraney
(2016) Jordan Peele
Jordan Peele
(2017)

v t e

People who have won Academy, Emmy, Grammy, and Tony Awards

listed by duration and year of completion

Competitive EGOTs

Richard Rodgers
Richard Rodgers
(1945–1962) Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes
(1932–1976) Rita Moreno
Rita Moreno
(1961–1977) John Gielgud
John Gielgud
(1961–1991) Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
(1953–1994) Marvin Hamlisch
Marvin Hamlisch
(1973–1995) Jonathan Tunick (1977–1997) Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
(1967–2001) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1964–2001) Whoopi Goldberg
Whoopi Goldberg
(1985–2002) Scott Rudin (1984–2012) Robert Lopez
Robert Lopez
(2004–2014)

Honorary recipients

Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(1963–1970) Liza Minnelli
Liza Minnelli
(1965–1990) James Earl Jones
James Earl Jones
(1969–2011) Alan Menken
Alan Menken
(1989–2012) Harry Belafonte
Harry Belafonte
(1953–2014) Quincy Jones
Quincy Jones
(1964–2016)

Book:EGOT winners

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 84968687 LCCN: n79060094 ISNI: 0000 0001 0920 8877 GND: 11851573X SELIBR: 295498 SUDOC: 027427935 BNF: cb13891880r (data) BIBSYS: 90863744 MusicBrainz: 29a62e70-a15b-4e58-a39d-377f0443eb2c NDL: 01014265 SN

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